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Compliments of 

General Mission. Boar4 

E^ir*- IUirvois 


Church of the fyveitliven 

vxv ^— vxx **-- 

Vol. XXIX January, 1927 No. 1 


Africa Mission Study ------ Editorial 

Issues Facing the India Mission - - - D. J. Lichty 

The Indian Church and Her Problems - - /. S. Long 

The Hindu-Moslem Situation - F. M. Hollenberg 

The Moslem Challenge - B. M. Mow 

Progress in Indian Social Reform - Sadie J. Miller 

The Story of Patali - - , - - Anetta C Mow 

Junior League Mission Study Handwork 

Floyd and Ruth Mallott 
Edited by Minna Heckman 








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A. D. Helser 

ORGANIZE. Africa is the theme 
for Mission Study this winter. It is 
the subject for the Y. P. D. and the 
Christian Workers from January to 
March. Order prospectus. 

; "■■■'— .* 

Esther Mae Helser 

An elder in one of the Ohio 
Churches said to some sisters 
in his church, " Brother and 
Sister Helser are bringing an 
African baby along with them." 

"Well! I never thought they 
would do that." 

Yes, Esther Mae was born in 

Brother Helser's new JDook is the 

Price $1.50 

Special Price $1.00 each in quanti- 
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Order from 

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Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIX 

January, 1927 

No. 1 



Africa Mission Study, 1 

Pride and Mission Bequests, 2 


Issues Facing the India Mission, By D. J. Lichty, 2 

What Educated India Thinks of Christ, By C. G. Shull 3 

The Indian Church and Her Problems, By I. S. Long, 5 

The Hindu Moslem Situation, By Fred'k M. Hollenberg 8 

The Moslem Challenge, By B. M. Mow, . 10 

Progress in Indian Social Reform, By Sadie J. Miller, 11 

China Notes for October, By Marie Brubaker, 14 


Missionary News, 18 

Building a Church Budget, 19 


Ladies' Missionary Society of Denton, Md., By Mrs. J. A. Seese, 20 

Women's Organization in the Chicago Church, By Mrs. J. W. Lear, 20 

Day of Prayer for Missions, 21 


The Story of Patali (Potter-lee), By Anetta C. Mow, 22 

A Study in Black, By Aunt Adalyn, 24 

Junior League African Handwork, Edited by Minna Heckman, 25 



Africa Mission Study 

A splendid course in Africa Mission Study 
is outlined for use in the churches this win- 
ter. The outline was printed in the October 
Visitor. It will also appear in the Christian 
Workers' Booklet. Suitable material ap- 
pears in Our Boys and Girls and in the 
Visitor for the juniors and primaries. Bro. 
Helser's new book, " In Sunny Nigeria," is 
the text for adults and young people. Much 
supplementary material is mentioned in the 
outline. The plan provides that the entire 
congregation participate in the study. 

Why should the churches study Africa? 
Can they not safely delegate the task of 
studying missions to the Mission Board, the 
missionaries and the prospective mission- 
aries? Is it not enough that the congrega- 
tions contribute the necessary missionary 

The congregations need to study Africa as 
well as the whole subject of missions because, 
1. Every Christian is responsible for the 
propagation of the Christian faith through- 
out the world. This responsibility cannot 
be discharged by those who are ignorant. 

©97 4- 

The Missionary Visitor 


2. We cannot pray as we ought unless we 
know how to pray. We cannot know unless 
we study. 3. We must learn the truth about 
other peoples before we can hope to be suc- 
cessful in teaching them a new faith. 4. 
We must build in our own hearts a Chris- 
tian attitude toward other races. If we are 
afflicted with the superiority-complex we are 
not likely to succeed in evangelization. 5. 
American people must deal fairly and hon- 
estly with other peoples in commercial re- 
lationships if they are to believe our religion 
to be worth acceptance. 6. Our mission- 
aries are faced with a hard task and they 
need an intelligent constituency to support 
them. Without such they are like an army 
with a weak base of supplies. 
Pride and Mission Bequests 

The world's greatest business men believe 
it wise to make large bequests for the prop- 
agation of truth. The Rockefeller Founda- 
tion is a good example of a great sum of 

money dedicated to the exploration of truth. 
It employs the world's best scientists to seek 
ways and means of stamping out devastat- 
ing diseases. Mission lands owe much to 
such efforts. 

Many men with hearts as noble as any 
great money king's should also make be- 
quests. But pride prevents them from mak- 
ing small gifts. The General Mission Board 
is bent on the great adventure of making 
God known to people who do not understand 
his love and justice. In the place of fear, 
hatred, disease and ignorance we seek to 
enthrone faith, love, health and knowledge. 
The work of our church cannot depend on 
the gifts of millionaires, but on humble 
gifts from men of small estate. Many small 
bequests will total large. Your desire to 
make special gifts can be executed splen- 
didly by the annuity plan, and you will re- 
ceive a life income. A Christian's will should 
make reference to the work of the church. 

Issues Facing the India Mission 

An Introductory Article to This Special India Number 
Planned by the Writer 

TO know nothing among the people 
"save Christ and him crucified" ef- 
fectivly implies a knowledge of the 
people and of the issues growing out of 
their thinking and activities. Some of the 
live issues existing on the India mission 
field are presented in this issue of the Visi- 
tor with the hope that a perusal of the same 
will enable our supporters at home the 
more intelligently and sympathetically to 
help us effectively to meet them. 

The Christian church has always been at 
her best when facing tremendous and fateful 
issues in a courageous and unselfish man- 
ner. If the Indian church, in the end, fails 
to become great it will not be because 
of a lack of such issues. At the present 
time it is of the utmost importance that we, 
as missionaries, help her, with the resources 
at her command, to recognize her obliga- 
tions with resolute and consecrated deter- 

It is significant of the times that missions 
are beginning to bestir themselves to give 
the Gospel to the Moslems of India more 

aggressively than in the past. One of our 
contributors tells in a splendid manner what 
educated India today thinks of our Christ. 
The large majority of his citations and 
quotations are from Hindus. One wonders 
what would have been the result, if, through- 
out the many years of missionary effort in 
India, as much effort had been made in 
behalf of the Mohammedans as was made 
for the Hindu communities. 

The Hindus and the Mohammedans repre- 
sent the bulk of population in India. Both 
communities keep clamoring for home rule. 
The leaders of both communities realize that 
this end can never be obtained without a 
changed attitude toward each other on the 
part of their followers. Often the leaders 
of the two religious factions are most to 
blame. Will they ever come together? 
Can they? Many thoughtful people doubt 
if it will be possible for them to do so. 
More than a thousand years ago the 
Mohammedan conquerors, on the pretense 
of introducing " the true religion," but most-. 

(Continued on Page 7) 


The Missionary Visitor 

What Educated India Thinks of Christ 


1 DETERMINED to know nothing 
among you save Jesus Christ and him 
crucified." In these words the first 
great missionary expressed the aim of his 
missionary labors. Some in the mother 
church felt this aim was too restricted and 
they demanded that the missionaries teach 
also the laws and the customs of Moses 
(Acts 15: 1). But Paul insisted that this 
was not the aim of missions and the Church 
Council vindicated his policy. Several years 
later as " an ambassador in chains " he 
wrote to a group of his mission churches 
saying, " Far be it from me to glory save 
in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ " 
(Gal. 6: 14). 

The missionary in 
Asia today must per- 
ceive clearly this fun- 
damental aim. One 
of the most successful 
missionaries among 
the educated classes 
of India today is Dr. 
Stanley Jones, whose 
experiences are re- 
corded in his new 

its divisions, its theology and creeds, but 
what does educated India think of Christ? 

We are hearing these days of " the revolt 
of the East," and in China there are, verily, 
boycotts and rebellion. But is this " revolt 
of the East" an attack on Christ? For 
India, at least, it may be unhesitatingly 
said that it is not. India may have less 
admiration for Western nations than for- 
merly, and she is critical, in some ways, of 
Western Christianity. But the educated 
classes of India are now distinguishing be- 
tween Western systems and Christ, and their 
respect and reverence for him were never 
so great as at the present time. 


book, "The Christ of 
the Indian Road." In 
his introduction to this 
book Dr. Jones says : 
"When I first went to 

India I was trying to hold a very long 
line, a line that stretched clear from Genesis 
to Revelation, on to Western civilization 
and the Western Christian church. . . . 
I saw that I could, and should, shorten my 
line, that I could take my stand at Christ, 
and before that non-Christian world refuse 
to know anything save Jesus Christ and 
him crucified." In a similar manner an 
Indian Christian layman recently said: "The 
missionary is here to advance the claims, 
and proclaim the message, and to live the 
life, of a Person called Jesus Christ. He 
has got to differentiate between Christ and 
the organized system of religion which goes 
by his name." 

The subject of this article is not, what 
educated India thinks of Western civiliza- 
tion, nor again of Western Christianity, with 

We are hearing these days of 
4 the revolt of the East,' . . . 
but is this ' revolt of the East ' 
an attack on Christ? For India 
at least it may be unhesitatingly 
said that it is not. The educated 
classes of India are distinguish- 
ing between Western systems and 
Christ, and their respect and 
reverence for him were never so 
e.reat as now." 

The New Attitude 
Toward Christ 

This keen discern- 
ment and new atti- 
tude toward Christ 
appear very forcibly 
in the following con- 
trasts : In India's Na- 
tional Congress, held 
at Poona ten years 
ago, a Hindu gentle- 
man, in addressing the 
congress used the 
name of Christ. There 
resulted such an up- 
roar and confusion 
that he had to sit down without finishing 
his speech. Nine years later in this same 
National Congress the Hindu president, in 
his presidential address, used many quota- 
tions from the New Testament, including 
the extended passage from the Gospel of 
John on the crucifixion of Jesus. Some one 
observed that in that particular congress 
there were over seventy references to 
Christ. And when India had difficulty in 
finding words to express her admiration for 
her national hero, Mahatma Gandhi, she 
turned to Christ saying, " Gandhi is like 

Another striking evidence of India's re- 
markable change in attitude toward Christ 
is recorded by Dr. Jones in the book already 
mentioned. In one of India's large cities a 
large hall was set apart for Dr. Jones' 

The Missionary Visitor 


meetings. Nine years earlier Dr. John R. 
Mott had spoken here, and when he men- 
tioned the name of Christ there was loud 
hissing. But in this same room in 1924 Dr. 
Jones spoke for six consecutive nights on the 
one theme of Jesus Christ and him crucified. 
The crowds increased each night until the 
last one, when they were standing around 
the doors and windows. When the invita- 
tion was given more than one hundred 
came forward, expressing their willingness 
to surrender to Christ. This different re- 
sult was not due to the speaker. It was 
a new state of mind. 

A more recent convincing testimony is 
the experience of Dr. Charles W. Gilkey 
of Chicago, whom some of our own students 
and others at home know. 

During the winter of 1925 Dr. Gilkey 
made a tour of India, in which he gave 
forty lectures and fifteen other addresses 
to a total of between thirty and forty 
thousand hearers. At least twenty-five thou- 
sand of these hearers were students. The 
general subject of the six lectures which 
attracted these great crowds was, "Jesus, 
and the Life of Today." After the lectures 
there were great demands everywhere for 
personal interviews. One Indian paper 
says : " The interest . . . was maintained 
at white heat. It is Jesus, Jesus, and Jesus 
again that India will listen to, and Dr. 
Gilkey might go home and tell his people 
that any amount of Jesus the Indian people 
will have and in their turn give back to 
them; but not any other claims, institu- 
tions and ecclesiasticisms." 

But there is still more recent testimony. 
During the last month (August, 1926) there 
was published the fact that Mahatma 
Gandhi is now teaching the New Testament 
one hour each week to the students of 
National University at Ahmedabad. The 
students, of their own choice, in preference 
to the Koran or the Hindu Shastras re- 
quested him to teach the New Testament. 
Concerning this the missionary editor of 
the Indian Witness says : " It is not diffi- 
cult for any one who knows Mr. Gandhi 
to visualize him as a Bible teacher. His 
conversation and public addresses have re- 
vealed a familiarity with the Holy Book 
which could come only from deep and 
reverent study." Let every reader of these 

lines pray that this unique event may lead 
both teacher and pupils to a recognition of 
Jesus as the unique and all-sufficient Teach- 
er, Lord and Savior. 

As these lines are being written Dr. Jones 
is engaged in a new evangelistic tour in 
Western and Southern India as well as in 
Ceylon. Reports have reached the writer 
of visits at two centers, namely, Poona 
and Kholapur. In Poona, the intellectual 
center of Western India, one meeting was 
held at which one hundred and twenty-five 
stood up to declare their purpose to live a 
new life in Christ Jesus. At the final serv- 
ice arrangements were made for a Bible 
class to be taught by a missionary in the 
city and fifty Hindus and Mohammedans 
came forward to join it. A Marathi pastor 
of the city says : " ... We thank God 
for these great manifestations of his power. 
We expect greater things." From Kholapur 
there are similar reports where " the halls 
were packed by educated non-Christians 
eagerly listening to the Gospel." 

Some Opposition and Difficulties 

However, the above picture would not be 
truly representative of all the facts with- 
out reference to some opposition and diffi- 
culties. Some shrink from baptism because 
of persecution from family or society, and 
others hesitate to affiliate with the church 
because they feel she has countenanced 
much of Western life that is undesirable. 
Two years ago there appeared in The 
Modern Review, a scholarly monthly journal 
of Calcutta, several articles criticizing some 
of the teachings and acts of Christ and 
seeking to prove the superiority of Buddha 
to Jesus. The articles show some prejudice, 
an imperfect understanding of Christ and 
his teachings, and often they show faulty 
methods of exegesis. They represent the 
opinion of some of the educated Hindus, 
although we are persuaded that those who 
thus seek to place Christ below other re- 
ligious teachers like Buddha are compara- 
tively few. 

A larger number say that there is no 
difference between their own religious 
teachers and Christ. Their opinion is voiced 
by a remark recently made to the writer. 
The man had studied in a mission high 
school in Surat. I said, "What do you 
think of Christ and the New Testament?" 


The Missionary Visitor 

He replied, " Our sacred scriptures and 
yours all say the same thing. We say 
Krishna and you say Christ." 

The evangelization of the educated classes 
is therefore a real job. The very encour- 
aging feature is the marked decline of the 
two classes above mentioned, and, in con- 
trast, the very rapid growth of the more 
favorable attitude group. This growth is 
so pronounced that it has been characterized 
as a " mass mind movement " among the 
educated classes towards Christ. The ex- 

perience of the leading evangelists moving 
among them, as above mentioned, together 
with other facts justifies the use of the ex- 
pression. Educated India is now saying, 
" Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher 
come from God." The number of open 
disciples who are accepting him as their 
Lord, Teacher and Savior is growing daily. 
Especially during the past two years has 
the Spirit been working in marvelous ways 
and, like the Marathi pastor in Poona, " we 
expect greater things." 

The Indian Church and Her Problems 


r^ ELF-GOVERNMENT and self propa- 
^N gation are of course a present need, 
and self-support should follow as soon 
as possible. On seriously undertaking these, 
the following problems, among others, will 
arise : 

1. The problem of worthy leadership. 
This is not peculiar to India, but it is diffi- 
cult here for the following reasons: (1) The 
spirit of caste carried over, in spite of better 
light; (2) lack of a liberal education; (3) 
lack of administrative experience ; (4) lack 
of deep knowledge of the Word, of history 
and psychology; (5) lack of vision; (6) lack 
of readiness for real self-sacrifice. There 
is an Indian proverb, " As the king, so the 

2. The problem of caste within the church. 
The West has its class and race prejudice ; 
India has her caste system. Christians are 
liable to marry within their former ranks ; 
now Christians are liable to promote their 
own interests, neglectful of the interests of 
others. This may be natural, but it is not 
love. It is not the mind of the Master. 

3. The problem of self-government and 
self-propagation. When the church seems 
slow and not knowing the way, the hustling 
foreigner takes things in hand and manages. 
This was necessary in the beginning, but 
we cannot longer make that claim, and for 
this reason, among others, nearly all mis- 
sions are seeking ways of transfer of re- 
sponsibility to the Indian church. 

4. This leads to the much-discussed prob- 
lem of domestication or orientalization of 
the Christian religion. There is a felt need 

that it should come to the East in a dress 
peculiar to the East. Presented by Western- 
ers, the forms of organization and service, 
the ritual, the vestments, manner of keeping 
the ordinances, the hymns and prayers — 
everything furnishes reminders of the West. 
The Bible translation and revisions, as well 
as nearly all the literature spread broadcast, 
have been the work of devoted Westerners. 
None wishes to pluck a star from their 
crowns. Nevertheless, the day for present- 
ing Jesus Christ in language and forms and 
poetry and music and literature peculiarly 
Eastern is at hand. Jesus Christ is bidding 
for the heart of intelligent India with won- 
drous winsomeness and power, while these 
same literati are rarely drawn to the church. 

5. The problem of unity is one I dare 
mention also. As conditions are, we are 
able to present to India not the body of 
Christ in one church, but only manifold 
forms of Christianity, all differing. This 
spells only confusion. I doubt whether the 
church of Christ will come to her own, on 
this side, till she presents a united front. 

6. Another real problem is that of fitting 
self to receive Moslems and high-caste folks. 
Being from the lower strata for the most 
part, having been depressed for ages and 
separate by custom, they have an instinctive 
and experimental knowledge of their status, 
socially. Nevertheless, there must be one 
Shepherd, one fold. Fortunately, Christians 
are advancing educationally and socially. 
Education changes folks, and hence the gulf 
is being bridged. Christians are taking their 
places in the various walks of life. Caste 

The Missionary Visitor 


Some of the Anklesvar School Girls Grading the Bank in Front of the School Building 

spirit is lessening. Where the Spirit of the 
Lord is there is liberty and there is love. 
In presenting Christ, Christians have largely 
avoided the Moslems and higher castes, have 
felt unable to meet them, and these folks 
knew it and stayed outside the church. A 
few of the few who did come in have gone 
back whence they came. Whoever we 
were, we now need to be a pure, liberal- 
minded, courageous, generous people. 

7. Another problem is that of joining 
forces to help all candidates for baptism to 
be able to remain, if possible, where they 
are at the time, in their own homes and 
villages and occupations, and not that they 
should be segregated as hitherto. This will 
require moral courage of a high order, great 
vigilance, and it may be suffering for the 
Master's sake. In these days there are too 
few martyrs. 

Akin to this is the need for Christians, at 
whatever cost in money and patience and 
suffering, to go right into the midst of the 
bazaars of the cities and villages and set up 
shop. Christians are far better educated, 
cleaner in their homes and dress, and withal 
more moral and genteel than Moslems, yet 
the latter move freely everywhere, while 
Christians feel they are not wanted and do 
not press in. To command respect of 
others as well as to be self-respecting, Chris- 
tians need to succeed better in business of 
all sorts. 

8. The problem of pastors and their sup- 
port. This is the crux of them all, and a 
universal problem. Missionaries did the 
preaching in the first place, and they are 
liable to continue doing it too long. For 
obvious reasons, we cannot do the pastoral 
work well. Missionaries serve the churches 
free, of course. 

Being poor in money and lacking in in- 
itiative they are not as insistent on having 
Indian pastors as they should be. The 
problem is that of getting the church will- 
ing to undertake the support of a pastor. 
It is unnatural for a minister on wage as a 
mission worker to be a so-called pastor. 
Folks intuitively know that they have no 
right to call one their pastor till by the ties 
of loving association and support they can 
think of him as shepherd and of themselves 
as his sheep. 

Regardless of poverty, the need for sup- 
porting pastors is real. And the sort of 
men fit and willing are available. The 
necessity for education and homes for chil- 
dren naturally requires no small salary. 
Provident or superannuated funds are very 

I think it undeniable, on the other hand, 
that the vast majority of educated Indian 
leaders are too liable to imitate the West 
in dress and food and manner of living gen- 
erally, thus requiring a wage difficult to 
obtain, and certainly difficult for them to 


The Missionary Visitor 

get as pastors of a flock living too often 
" from hand to mouth." 

We are morally sure that the literati of 
India will never accept even religion at the 
hands of Westerners. The national con- 
sciousness is already so strong that she 
would lose her soul rather. Nor will they 
accept of Jesus Christ at the hands of an 
agency paid by funds from the West. It is 
perfectly clear that so long as the church 
does not support her pastors fully, and the 
pastors and rank and file of the members 
in their simplicity do not present Christ to 
India, they will be marking time, not living 
in the joy and power of the early church, 
and India will not own him as her Lord. 

Yes, every Christian a witness to his sav- 
ing power! They need not be high caste 
or influential or rich to do this. Better if 
they go out rather in riches of love and 
sympathy and service. Let India see the 
church living a life of sacrifice and true 
devotion in his service. Let her recall the 
rich heritage of sacrifice and devotion 
handed down to us ! No penance too hard, 
no journey to some temple or holy river 
too long, no sacrifice too great to obtain 
merit ! Ah, if this spirit were caught today 
by the church, India would not be long in 
crowning him Lord of all ! 

(This paper is general, thinking of the whole 
church in India, and not of our denomination alone.) 

,* J* 


(Continued from Page 2) 

ly for political power and for the sake of 
loot, swept over the greater part of India, 
robbing her temples, desecrating her gods 
and forcing thousands into their religion at 
the point of the sword. They ruled over 
the Hindus for nine hundred years and 
made tremendous religious inroads into the 
ranks of Hinduism. 

Their descendants continue to be aggres- 
sive in their religious propaganda. The 
Hindu, while contending that all religions 
are alike good, at the same time considers 
it the height of sin and folly for anyone to 
forsake his own religion, and all the more 
he abhors forceful conversion such as was 
at first perpetrated by the Moslems. It is 
considered no violation of this principle to 
urge Hindu Mohammedans and Hindu 
Christians to return to the Hindu fold. 
There has been organized in recent years 

a Hindu movement of Shuddhi (purifica- 
tion), which has resulted in the reconver- 
sion of many Mohammedans to Hinduism 
and of a very few Christians. Since the 
greater grievance is against the Mohammed- 
ans, most of the efforts of this movement 
have been directed towards them, and it 
has of course not helped matters. As a 
result the situation has grown from bad to 
worse. At this point it is important that 
the Indian church, in word and deed, pro- 
claim to both factions the reconciliation 
which can come only through union in our 
Christ. This is no time for the Christian 
community to seek communal representa- 
tion in the legislative assemblies of the 
country, as do the Hindus and Mohammed- 
ans, in order to secure their respective 
rights and advantages. Rather, let its 
representatives obtain this end through and 
for unselfish service to all communities. 

In the conclusion of one of the articles 
of this issue we are reminded that we ought 
" to love our enemies aggressively." It will 
not be understood from this that Bro. Mow 
counts the Mohammedans of India as his 
enemies. He well knows, however, that all 
true Mohammedans include as their enemies 
all who do not honor and follow " the true 
religion and God's prophet, Mohammed." 
In order to show their love and good will 
most aggressively to this community, Broth- 
er and Sister Mow have, during the past 
three years, been delving more or less in 
the Gujerati, Urdu, and Arabic languages 
along with a study of the Mohammedan 
religion. From what station they will be 
best enabled to serve this community in our 
district remains to be seen. For the present 
they are intending to use Jalalpor as a 
reconnoitering point, while they give tem- 
porary supervision to the work already 
established at this place. It is the policy 
of the India mission as soon as possible to 
arrange for them to devote their full time 
to work among Moslems. Work among this 
class of people is most difficult, and an 
interest in the prayers of all Christ's work- 
ers is desired in their behalf. 

" CHRIST the same Yesterday, Today and 

Consider the lands where Christ is known 
and loved as compared with those where 
he is a Stranger. 

The Missionary Visitor 



The Hindu Moslem Situation 


THERE has developed in India within 
the last six years a question which 
to some seems very distressing, but 
to others hopeful. Almost every paper has 
accounts of strife between the two great 
religions which predominate in India. Many 
rowdies are taking this as an occasion to 
settle private grudges, which they would 
not dare to do under normal circumstances. 
The numbers killed in the riots would run 
into the hundreds, and those injured into 
the thousands, while the damage to property 
runs into the millions. 

The principal cities of India have furnished 
the most notorious of these riots, while 
probably there was as much feeling in some 
smaller communities. The newspaper ac- 
counts of these affairs may or may not 
fully describe the situation. But enough 
has been published to show that there is 
at present a tension between the two re- 
ligions ; so much so that every Hindu and 
Moslem holiday is looked upon as a pos- 
sible occasion for a riot. 

There are many causes assigned to these 
uprisings: 1. The incompatibility of the two 
religions. 2. Injurious writings, especially 
pamphlets and leaflets, which stir up strife 
and which the government did not deal with 
effectively. (It is authoritatively stated in 
the papers that the Calcutta riots are direct- 
ly traceable to such writings.) 3. The com- 
munal electorates have furnished the cause 
of strife, as they gave opportunity for un- 
principled politicians to stir up religious 
feeling to gain their ends. (Men who cared 
more for office and selfish gain than service 
for their country.) 4. The government is 
accused of backing quarrels, which have 
lent a defiant air to the opposing party. 
5. People do not feel that it is their govern- 
ment, and so refuse to cooperate to form a 
community spirit. 6. Reformed societies, 
such as the Arya Samaj, do not respect 
ancient custom and have needlessly aroused 
antagonism. 7. The intellectual awakening 
of the people has not had time to adjust 
itself, and the country is going through 
birth pangs which will beget a nation. 8. 
Militant Moslems are trying to push for- 

ward their religion forcibly upon a nonre- 
sistant people who are awakening. 

While no one of the assigned causes will 
fully account for the present state of things, 
there is doubtless some truth in them. The 
situation is very complex and arises from 
mental attitudes and circumstances. And so 
it might truly be said that it is a psycho- 
logical problem which has a religious color. 

With the growth of schools and inter- 
course there has come a breaking away from 
the old orthodox bonds, and people have 
begun to think for themselves. The world 
war has awakened the millions of India who 
before were content with the old way. 
India has awakened to a realization that 
she has things which are worth-while if 
she will but hunt them out. Also Chris- 
tianity has undermined the old positions and 
India is on the hunt for more solid founda- 
tions. India is awakening and has not fully 
found herself. So, while the two religions 
can live side by side in practical, everyday 
life, it is when they celebrate that there is a 
clash. It will be seen, if one follows all 
the accounts, that it is either when a Hindu 
procession passes a mosque with music that 
the trouble starts, or it may be the Moslems 
taking on parade a cow which will later be 
sacrified. Now there are many cattle killed 
in India for meat and little is said about it. 
But when it comes to parading religion the 
other party gets worked up. If the sacri- 
ficing of cows were carried on in a quiet 
way there would be no fuss, but when the 
display is made the other side feels as 
though a thrust had been made at them, and 
there is resentment. It strikes at the 
foundation of their religion. The founda- 
tion of the Hindu religion might be said 
to be the sacredness of life, and that of 
the Moslems the abhorrence of idolatry. 
So, when the Hindus take their idols in pro- 
cession, it is a thrust at the heart of the 
Moslem religion, and the music which ac- 
companies these processions serves to work 
them up to where they get desperate, es- 
pecially if this is done at the Moslems' 
prayer hour. 

In years gone by there was little trouble, 


The Missionary Visitor 

because circumstances did not allow it to 
develop. But now, with the general awaken- 
ing and readjusting., all are sensitive and 
easily offended. This would likely have 
come through all right had not the non- 
cooperation movement held down the sense 
of community responsibility. As it is, the 
people who should be the backbone of peace 
and order have been quietly sitting by and 
allowing things to take their course. They 
say, " We are not responsible ; the English 
government, is seeing after things ; let them 
do it." 

The British government has been noted 
for its sense of justice and order, and it has 
tried to keep peace and order even while the 
two were at each other's throats. The two 
communities, realizing this, have taken ad- 
vantage of the government and have asked 
for and obtained police escorts for their 
processions ; while each should realize that 
to live in peace and harmony they dare not 
do things which cause disorder. It has been 
suggested by some that a general meeting 
of the leaders of the two religions be held, 
to agree on what is just for each religion. 
But such a course will never succeed. Hin- 
duism has no central authority and no men 
who can speak for all the people. So, what 
might suit some would not suit others. Also, 
in some places Hindus predominate and in 
others the Moslems. Now one rule will not 
work in both places. Where there is a 

Moslem majority the Hindus will have to 
learn to respect the wishes of the majority, 
and vice versa. A third party cannot en- 
force such a thing. If they are left to settle 
these things themselves they will soon come 
to an agreement and it will be a local agree- 
ment. So I think the government in its zeal 
for order and justice has augmented the 
trouble in furnishing police escorts for re- 
ligious processions. 

At present there are signs that the people 
are realizing the mistake of noncooperation 
and will now do what they can to reach 
amicable relations. With the change of 
attitude of the responsible men in India, I 
see the clearing up of the trouble of the 
two communities. For while their religions 
are incompatible, they both come from one 
peace-loving stock, and under the proper cir- 
cumstances all are forbearing and generous 
to the faults and peculiarities of others. 


(Continued from Page 21) 
Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong, for H. Stover 
Kulp, $150; for Esther Kreps, $150, 

So. Dist., Missionary Association Waynes- 
boro for Lizzie N. Flory, $100; Sunday 

Schools for Adam Ebey, $250, 

Virginia— $400.00 

First Dist., Leland C. Moomaw & Wife, 
Roanoke N. W., for Elsie Shickel, 



Total for the month, $5,373.31 

Total previously reported, 24,483.66 

Total for the year, 


Tailor Boys in the School at Vyara, India 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Moslem Challenge 

B. M. MOW 

TO ask the proudest man in the world 
to accept a religion he detests from 
a man he hates "—this is what it 
means when we ask the Moslem, to become 
a Christian. The Christians have denied 
and reviled the holy prophet, Mohammed, 
and are his open enemies, declaring him 
an impostor; they reject the glorious Koran, 
the uncreated word of Allah, written in the 
clear Arabic on the preserved table by the 
throne of God from all eternity; they laugh 
at the traditions ; they have corrupted their 
own scriptures almost beyond recognition, 
especially by cutting out the prophecies of 
the coming of Mohammed; they worship 
three gods — father, mother, and son — a 
blasphemy to Allah and an absurdity; they 
believe Isa (Jesus) was crucified, whereby 
they are made acceptable to the father — an 
impossible doctrine based on a historical 
lie. Have they not fought cruel wars 
against the faithful, and slain tens of thou- 
sands? Are they not carrying on an open 
missionary effort, seeking to extirpate Is- 
lam? In India they have crept in and seized 
the power from Mohammedan hands and 
reduced them to poverty and helplessness, 
while they have given the jobs to the idol- 
atrous Hindus ; they despise our laws and 
customs and ourselves, and they spread lies 
about us; they eat pork, the abomination! 
So why should the faithful pay the slightest 
heed to what the accursed infidel might 
say? Moreover, there is actual danger in 
listening to his polluting words. 

Such is the standard estimate of the 
Christians by Islam. The reader will dis- 
cern in it some truth and some error. But 
this is what the father teaches the son and 
the mother her daughter. It is what the 
maulvi is teaching his people, elaborating 
this simple outline, with illustrations and 
proofs of clearest logic, until the humblest 
and illiterate Moslem is well fortified with 
arguments against the treacherous Christian 
dog. Some of course see these charges in 
the most intense vividness, others in paler 
colors, but all are perfectly familiar with this 
portrayal. There is just one weak spot in 
the indictment : the Christian, especially the 
foreign one, is a clever and capable devil; 

he has got the upper hand and knows how 
to make things work. Visible power and 
success make a considerable argument (an 
almighty one if it is on the Moslem's side). 
Practically all Mohammedans, radical or 
conservative, are willing to listen and have a 
lively discussion with the missionary, in the 
bright hope of a wordy victory over him 
at least. To keep discussions serious is one 
of our greatest problems. 

All will now see the difficulty of winning 
the Mussulman, when one must contend 
with such an attitude. It is a rather com- 
mon statement or assumption that it is im- 
possible to convert a Moslem to Christian- 
ity. And so it is, if you mean common, 
ordinary Christianity. He has some most 
ridiculously exaggerated ideas of the great- 
ness of his prophet and the whole Islamic 
system. It is a matter of no special diffi- 
culty for a well-educated Christian to de- 
molish every argument he can bring up for 
his faith. But even if the Moslem admits 
himself beaten (which is most unlikely), he 
still hates our religion and will have no in- 
centive to accept it. He must be called by 
God if he is ever to leave his old barren 
faith. He must come to Christ, not to 
Christianity. This is not only possible, but 
it is occurring day by day. Not many come, 
it is true, but some. 

How is the conscience to be awakened? 
Perhaps chiefly by the printed Word. Some 
slight curiosity prompts one to buy from 
a Christian a Gospel — a portion of " the 
Book, the former Scriptures " so often re- 
ferred to, and with respect, in the Koran. 
He reads (or has it read), and can not divert 
the issue ; he wrestles alone with his pride, 
until he sees that God is speaking; then he 
becomes an inquirer. Sometimes also he 
gets to observe a real Christian, under cir- 
cumstances which prove that he possesses a 
Jove and spiritual power that can come 
only from God. He asks the Christian diffi- 
cult questions — and here is the great and 
lawful place where the extensive knowledge 
of the fine points of Islam comes into use. 
With difficulties explained and the call be- 
coming strong, a crisis is reached in the 

(Continued on Page 13) 


The Missionary Visitor 



rogress in inaian oocia 


INDIA, bound by an iron-clad social 
system and soothed by the tremendous 
sway of religious tradition, is in many 
ways the most conservative country in the 
world. In spite of this, so far as she has 
come in social reform, her progress has been 
rapid. Noteworthy among the agencies and 
influences which have inspired and assisted 
her in this worthy cause are, British rule, 
the spread of the English language, educa- 
tion, and Christian missions. 
British Rule 

In Cawnpore, North India, on the Ganges 
River, within a stone's throw of the monu- 
ment which stands in memory of the Eng- 
lish women and children who were murdered 
in the Sepoy Mutiny, is another, commem- 
orative of the abolishment of suttee. Until 
then it was counted virtuous for a woman 
to sacrifice herself in the fire of her hus- 
band's funeral pyre. The noble English 
officer who, in the face of much opposition 
and unpopularity, performed this merciful 
deed for the widows of India is now gener- 
ally considered as one of the country's 
benefactors. In recent years the practice 
of suttee is a rare occurrence, and from all 
sides it is condemned by the descendants 
of those who used to approve of it. 

The British government, by a splendid 
system of road making, with its thousands 
of miles of fine roads and railways, through 
an educational program carried out all these 
years, in justice impartially administered by 
her judicial officers, by the distribution of 
civil surgeons and free medical service, by 
timely aid in oft-recurring famines, has not 
only facilitated social reform to date, but 
is pointing the way for awakened India to 
travel when she will have attained to the 
much-talked-about home rule. 
English Language 

Amidst the babel of Indian languages, 
through the agency of high schools, colleges 
and universities, the English language has 
become the best medium for the exchange 
of thought in the various political and social 
conferences of the land. For the Indian 
people it has made available the best social 
reform literature of the world. Even the 



coolies of the larger centers know a limited 
amount of English. Best of all there is a 
growing demand for it among the Indian 
women. Besides the other advantages de- 
rived from a knowledge of this language it 
is considered that their social status is 
materially enhanced thereby. Recently a 
railway man begged me to teach his daugh- 
ter English, because he believed it would 
enable her to marry a man of higher rank. 


The educational system of India, besides 
providing civil servants useful in the admin- 
istration of government, is producing men 
who think straight and speak fearlessly con- 
cerning the social wrongs of their country. 
The following is a gleaning from a recent 
issue of The Madras Mail, in which Mr. 
Ramkrishna Vijayaram, a Hindu social re- 
former, cries out against the wrongs of 
India's women : " The state of complete 
dependence, in which the Hindu women ar« 
kept from birth to the end of their lives, 
makes it impossible for them to have self- 
reliance. Women of other religions are 
better off than their Hindu sisters, for in 
many cases they are obliged to depend on 
themselves and thus get an opportunity of 
developing self-reliance. But the Hindu 
woman is shut up within the four walls of 
her house. I call earnestly upon the en- 
lightened population of India to teach the 
Hindu women how to become self-reliant, to 
consider it their duty, to the very end of 
their lives to maintain and advocate female 
education, bravely fighting the opposition 
that may arise against their noble cause." 

Than Mahatma Gandhi there perhaps is no 
sturdier nor more effetive social reformer 
in India. Let us quote just a particle of his 
disgust at the custom of enforced widow- 
hood and child marriage : 

" Does it not stink in one's nostrils, this 
Hindu widowhood, when one thinks of the 
old, diseased men over fifty years taking, 
or rather purchasing, girl wives, sometimes 
one on top of the other? So long as we 
have thousands of widows in our midst we 
are sitting on a mine that will explode at 
any moment. If we would be pure, if we 


The Missionary Visitor 


would save Hinduism, we must rid our- 
selves of this poison of enforced widowhood. 
The reform must begin with those who 
have girl widows, taking courage in both 
hands and seeing that the child widows in 
their charge are duly and well married. 

" Who will not weep over the figures 
which show the misery caused by child 
marriage and enforced widowhood? Here 
are the figures of Hindu widows according 
to the census of 1921 : 

Widows of the age of five years 11,892 

Widows from five to ten years 85,037 

Widows from ten to fifteen years 232,147 

Total 329,076 

" This demonstrates the wrong done to 
Hindu girl widows. We cry out for cow 
protection in the name of religion, but we 
refuse protection to the human cow in the 
shape of girl widows. In the name of re- 
ligion we force widowhood on 300,000 widows 
who could not understand the import of 
their marriage ceremony. It is a brutal 
crime for which we Hindus are paying dear- 
ly. If our conscience was truly awakened 
^here would be no marriage before fifteen 
years of age, let alone widowhood. Whether 
imposed by religion or custom, it is an un- 
bearable yoke and defiles the home by secret 
vice, besides degrading religion." 

Mohammedans do not enforce widow- 
hood on their women, but they have almost 
its equal in the wretched purdah system. 
Concerning this Hafizur Rahman, a Moslem 
B. A., says : 

" The Mohammedans on this side of the 
Arabian Sea treat their women worse than 
animals. I am a born Mohammedan, but 
am shocked at the tyranny which is per- 
petuated on the poor helpless Muslim 
woman behind the purdah. Some men de- 
fenders [of this system] carry on a lying 
propaganda in its favor by advertising that 
women in the Muslim harems rule like 
queens. The poor, unwelcome girl comes 
into the world weeping and must weep her 
whole life. She begins to wear the burqa 
[a muslin cloak which covers her from the 
top of her head] before she is ten years 
old. She is imprisoned for life for no 
other crime than that she is born a woman 
in an Indian Muslim family. At her hus- 
band's home, the next prison, she is put 
into a reserved apartment and kept away 

from the sight of males. The spread of 
English education among Indian Mussulmans 
has rung the death knell of purdah. Its 
days are numbered. All right-minded Mus- 
sulmans are morally and religiously bound 
to see that their women live in the world 
and not in the grave of purdah." 
Christian Missions 

A governor of Bengal, at the close of the 
nineteenth century said : " In my opinion, 
Christian missionaries have done more last- 
ing good to the people of India than all 
other agencies combined." The editor of 
The Indian Social Reformer is a Hindu of 
prominence. He has edited this periodical 
for thirty years and is considered good 
authority on questions of social reform in 
this land. In a July issue of this splendid 
weekly we read the following editorial: 

" Organized social work in India can be 
said to date from the advent of Christian 
missionaries. Practically one-tenth or 
twelve thousand of the foreigners in this 
country are missionaries. In the linguistic 
sphere, missionaries have been pioneers in 
giving literary form to numerous languages, 
notably those of the hill tribes. They have 
also been first in the newspaper enterprises. 
The fact that among the Indian Christians, 
now numbering 5,000,000, there are 353 per 
thousand literates among men and 210 
among women, as compared with 139 per 
thousand and 21 per thousand among men 
and women throughout India, speaks much 
for the quality of education imparted in 
missionary institutions. As regards medical 
relief, the missionaries have to their credit 
the establishment of 224 hospitals with 5,000 
beds and numerous dispensaries and leper 
asylums. In the social and humanitarian 
sphere, their temperance and prohibition 
propaganda alone entitles them to the last- 
ing gratitude of the Indian people. This is 
no mean record of work of which any 
society can be proud, and it is to be hoped 
that Christian missionaries will continue 
their beneficent work in India." 

In recent years we read of orphanages, 
baby folds and widows' homes conducted by 
non-Christians. Child welfare work, tem- 
perance and social welfare societies are 
organized quite generally. These have come 
into existence by the example of Christian 
people. In Lahore a widows' home is con- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ducted by educated and conscientious Hin- 
dus, especially for remarrying Hindu widows. 
They started it in 1914 and succeeded in 
marrying 12 widows the first year. The 
number has gradually gone up until in 1924 
there were 1..693 widows married ; in 1925 
there were 2,663. This reform relates mostly 
to high-caste Hindus. They, more than 
others, have always opposed the remarriage 
of their widows. 

The Good Leaven at Work 

Years ago there was no sentiment, except 
condemnation for such marriages. The 
wives of the viceroys and governors have 
taken great interest in women, girls, and 
babies and have wonderfully improved 
things for them. Dailies many times in the 
year show pictures of the prize-winning 
babies in the exhibits. Mrs. Xaidu is chair- 
man of the Indian Congress. Several women 
have been given membership on the mu- 
nicipal boards of some cities, and many are 
heard from the platform these days. When 
women get their proper status India will be 
queen in social reform. 

The Awakening in Nepal 

Following closely upon the announcement 
of total abolition of slavery in Nepal have 
come two other items of news of important 
social work being undertaken in that hermit 
Himalayan kingdom. One is that 700 rupees 
has been given for combating tuberculosis, 
and the other, the opening of a military 
hospital in one of the large places. Until 
now missionaries have had to work along 
the border, and even doctors were not al- 
lowed to open their work properly within 
her borders. A new India indeed! 


(Continued from Page 10) 
inquirer's heart. Does he dare become a 
Christian? It will mean the loss of all his 
friends and prospects, perhaps also his prop- 
erty or his life. He is haunted by a deep 
residual fear at leaving the faith which he 
has always been taught is the one and the 
absolute. For these reasons it is evident 
why the number of souls won from Islam 
are few. Nevertheless, the Spirit of God 
does draw so powerfully that he wins one 
here and there. 
And they are very much worth getting, 

worth working for. And even though the 
converts be few, have we any valid reason 
for not trying to win them? Shall the 
church look for easy picking? The delib- 
erate making of distinction among those 
we wish to serve is a thing the missionary 
long ago laid aside, before he ever crossed 
the waters. Our failure to work for an 
individual or class is due therefore only to 
circumstances and preoccupation, not to 
hesitancy, or lesser excuses. We have long 
been aware that in parts of our field there 
are large numbers of Mohammedans, and 
we feel that we have no reason longer to 
delay giving them direct attention. 

The Mohammedans in our section of India 
are a minority, but an important one, in 
many ways. They are largely of Hindu ex- 
traction, converted generations ago, at the 
point of the sword of some fanatical invader. 
On the whole they are of milder tempera- 
ment than are the invading stock, and their 
beliefs are more modified by Hinduism. 
The attention they have received from 
Christians thus far is slight. They have, of 
course, heard some preaching to Hindus and 
aborigines, and a- few discussions have fol- 
lowed. A half dozen Gujerati tracts on Is- 
lam are available, but are used scarcely at 
all. Herein the matter is summed up. 
Hence the Mohammedans about us con- 
stitute practically an unworked field. But 
it is a promising one. There are about 
twenty thousand easily accessible around 
both Anklesvar and Jalalpor, and many 
more in the larger cities near by. 

This now is our challenge. The Moslems 
do not desire us at all, nor do they welcome 
our teaching. Shall we therefore pass them 
coldly by and go only to those who invite 
us (for indeed this latter opportunity does 
come sometimes)? God forbid! Our Gospel 
is for all men, in all stages of ignorance 
and error and sin. And besides, we will be 
found losing time in the end if we delay 
work among these needy people when we 
now have the opportunity and ability. Our 
Master " came to his own and his own 
received him not." 

And after him, the long line of revered 
names are of those who carried the message 
to men who resented it ! As one said, who 
had been greatly abused by the heathen, 
" This proves how much they need the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Gospel ! " It is the way of the cross that 
leads home. Brethren, let us love our 
enemies aggressively ! 

For Use in Africa Mission Study 

Nigeria as a whole is divided into four 
physiographic belts. The coast ' region is 
an almost continuous swamp, with dense 
mangrove forests extending inland from 
ten to sixty miles. The one striking 
exception in this dismal area is the 
mountainous region of the extreme east 
coast in the British Cameroons, where 
the Victoria Mountains rise to a height of 
14,000 feet. The second belt is a dense 
tropical forest region, fifty to a hundred 
miles in width. The third belt is a more 
open type of country, with hills and plains 
of high grass and considerable forest. This 
region includes the northern stretches of 
Southern Nigeria and extends well into 
Northern Nigeria. The remainder of Ni- 
geria, constituting about one-half the total 
area, is a great rolling plateau with an 
average height of about 2,000 feet, rising to 
6,000 feet toward the eastern sections. The 
vegetation and forests of the southern areas 
grow less and less until the sandy regions of 
the northern boundary merge into the sands 
of the Western Sudan and the Sahara. — 
From " Education in Africa," by Thomas 
Jesse Jones. ^ # 


Marie Brubaker 
Ping Ting Chou 

Recently the Girls' School was favored with a 
talk by Wei Ch'iu Lan, one of our graduates, who 
is now doing a splendid work in one of the evan- 
gelistic tents. She told about her call to this work; 
at first she accepted the position only as a means 
of earning a living. Some of the people called her 
Jesus, saying, " Jesus has come, give Jesus a place 
to sit down." This stirred her to compare herself 
with Jesus and to Paul, and now she believes that 
she too has been definitely called to be an evangel- 
ist. Hers is not an easy task, for most of her 
friends do not approve of it. The hardest she has 
had to endure was being called a " foreign devil " by 
some of the Chinese, her own people. 

Two weeks ago a Christian young man brought 
his sister to school. He is very anxious that she be 
not only educated, but that she may become a true 
Christian. He said that he is not afraid of the 
present anti-Christian persecution. Pray for the 
teachers in the school, that this opportunity may 
be used to lead one of God's chosen to know him 
and to serve him always. 

Bro. Bonsack and Bro. Yoder arrived in Ping 
Ting Oct. 13, after a long, hard trip. They were 
not met by any of the Chinese, much to their great 
disappointment, because we could not tell them 
exactly what time the Brethren would arrive here, 
due to the uncertai - train service just now. It did 
seem good to see them get out of our old Ford — 
just as though a little part of our beloved home 
church had suddenly been put down in China. 
We miss the connection with our home church very 
keenly, so the visit of these, our leaders, will mean 
much in inspiration and help to the missionary body. 

The first evening of their visit the church gave 
them a big welcome with speech and song. Bro. 
Bonsack and Bro. Yoder responded with splendid 
speeches. Though Bro. Bonsack almost " stumped " 
his interpreter with some of his big words, his 
smiling face would have put his message across 
even had they not been able to know one word of 
what he said. His good smile and his hearty 
handshake are winning a place for him in their 
hearts. Bro. Yoder is remembered by many of them, 
and they are so happy to have him back again. 
It will mean much to our church in China to have 
these fine, consecrated men in our midst for a few 
months. *» 

The Chinese entertained them to a feast the second 
evening they were here. Bro. Yoder, out of his 
former experience, was able to taste most of their 
many dishes, but Bro. Bonsack had to be excused 
on some things. He said that the looks were 
enough for him on some of the things, especially 
the ancient eggs. 4{ 

The foreigners also had a community supper in 
their honor. After every one had satisfied his 
physical needs, Brethren Bonsack and Yoder spoke 
to us, and how soul- satisfying their good talks were! 
We gathered at the home of the nurses, so that Mrs. 
Vaniman and Miss Clapper, who are confined to 
their beds there, could hear the talks and enjoy 
the fellowship. & 

Bro. Harlan Smith has been confined to his bed 
the past few days with a touch of flu. We are 
hoping for a speedy recovery. Miss Schaeffer was 
forced to return from her work in the country and 
take to her bed for several days with a severe 
attack of neuralgia. She is better at the present 
writing, but is still not able to take up her work 
again. ^ 

With the winter comes the time for contagion in 
China, for their little rooms are so small and they 
must shut them up so tight to keep warm, as they 
cannot afford sufficient fuel and clothing to be com- 
fortable otherwise. At present there is an epidemic 
of measles. The children stay in only as long as 
they cannot run about, and then out they come, to 
give it to the next child, and so it goes. The word 
quarantine means nothing in China. 

The mails from Tientsin are not carrying packages, 
and since we get a good bit of our material from 
there to carry on the industrial work we have been 
at some disadvantage this fall and winter. But the 
women constantly pray that the way may open up 
for the materials to come, and in almost miraculous 
ways we have been able to get them, and so are 


The Missionary Visitor 


able still to carry on in full force. Times are very 
hard among the poor classes just now, because of 
the war and the very dry summer in our section, 
and we are praying that the work may not need 
to be stopped. It means so much to a number of 
women and their children. The women constantly 
speak of those at home who are buying their work, 
and ask many times that all be thanked for the 
interest shown in them. They try so hard to do 
the work as well as they can, and feel very bad 
when one woman happens to get something dirty 
or spoils it in any way. 



The Women's Welfare Club held a three days' 
meetings in the church in the interest of public and 
private hygiene. Lectures were given on the fol- 
lowing subjects: "Contagious Diseases," "Hygiene 
in the Home," " The Evils of the Tobacco Habit," 
" Footbinding," " How to Get Rid of the Fly," and 
" The Importance of Educating the Girls." A 
little pky was presented by the women of the 
Bible School to demonstrate each theme, and the 
church was filled with posters illustrating various 
phases of hygiene. Besides these, one room was 
devoted especially to teaching care of the baby, 
another to various ways of preventing sickness from 
flies, and the medical department occupied another 
room. The women from the best homes of the 
city were invited especially, and tea was served 
to them in a little room, either before or after the 
program. An effort was also made to have as many 
other people present as possible. The audiences 
were not as large as we had hoped for, but seemed 
quite interested. Quite a few fly swats were sold, 
as well as many cakes of home-made soap and 
several packets of baby outfits. 

Little J. C. Oberholtzer passed away Oct. 23, 1926. 
His parents will miss him, but he had never been 
well, and so we are all thankful that he has at last 
been taken to Jesus, who loves little children, and 
where there is no more pain and suffering for him. 
When his parents took him to Peking last spring 
they were told that there was no hopes for his 
recovery. g 

Shou Yang 

All of the evangelists have come back from their 
vacations with renewed vigor, and are entering upon 
their work with a will. Bro. Shun has been working 
among the Christians in the Yu Hsien county for 
about a month. Bro. Chao has just started on a 
program of an every-member canvass. We are 
trying to keep the Christians encouraged in their 
Christian life. Bro. Chao has a jolly smile for 
every one, and is especially good at follow-up work. 
We appreciate his good Christian fellowship in the 
work at Shou Yang. 


The anti-Christian propaganda has not ceased, and 
there are many distracting reports. There is no 
special persecution that we have noted. The wild 
rumors simply have a discouraging effect upon the 
weaker Christians and the enquirers. A sample of 
one rumor: The report is current that the general 
who was defeated in the attack at Liao Chow last 
year, had to flee. He +ook refuge in a Japanese 

church. While hiding there Governor Yen found 
him. Because the Japanese church was protecting 
him the ^ governor is suspending all Christian 
churches in Shansi, and is planning to drive out 
the foreigners. Bro. Heisey is reported to have 
taken his family to Peking already. This is only 
propaganda and rumor. There is nothing like a 
Japanese church to begin with. The people are 
credulous enough to believe some such rumors. 
This has its unfavorable effect upon the work gen- 
erally. ^ 

The schools have now been in session more than 
a month. There are forty-five boys and twenty 
girls enrolled. Mr. Nieh., the Chinese principal, is 
conducting the work very efficiently in the boys' 
school and the co-eds'. The school is well organized 
and running smoothly. Pupils appear interested, 
and their parents when visiting the school are 



The girls' school has been so unfortunate as not 
to have Miss Clapper in charge this fall. She is 
still at Ping Ting, under medical care. In her 
absence, Miss Hsieh has assumed charge of the 
school and is managing excellently. The teachers 
are constantly expressing their regret that Miss 
Clapper cannot be with them. They miss her help 
and advice, and are hoping so much that she may 
soon recover her health, so she can get back with 
them again. g 

Because of the war and unsettled conditions many 
people are afraid to send their children away to 
school. The high tax for military purposes also 
makes it impossible for some to enter school who 
desire to do so. Therefore the enrollment in both 
Christian and government schools is small. 

Evangelistic work among women this month has 
been limited for the most part to those homes 
which are not of the farmer class. Now that the 
harvest season is almost past we are planning 
to get out into the villages again. 

In one of the village close to Shou Yang lives a 
little woman who, years ago in her childhood days, 
spent several years in a mission school in Tai Yuan. 
Her father was a Christian, but this little woman, 
while sympathetic, has never evidently understood 
enough of the teachings of Jesus to become his 
follower. She has for some reason a most forlorn 
face— sort of hopeless-looking. Her husband is most 
eager that she read again, and since she cannot 
come into the school twice a week we are taking 
school to her, hoping to help her to an under- 
standing and knowledge of him who gives hope 
and peace to the heart. Will you join us in prayer 
for her? g 

The woman's school reopened Oct. 25 with an en- 
rollment of five students, two of whom are doing 
only half-time work because of home and other 
duties. One of our students is a young Christian 
woman of fine character, who had the privilege of 
attending school in Tai Yuan before her marriage. 
She is so far in advance of the other women that 
arrangements have been made for her to attend 
classes in the higher primary of the girls' school. 
She is a young woman of splendid possibilities, and 
(Continued on Page 21) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Missionary Visitor 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


Brother F. C. Rohrer shows missionary 
slides in North Carolina. He writes the 
following paragraph in his letter : 

" I am showing the slides here in the 
Jefferson School. We are enjoying our 
work in the Jefferson School, N. C. Also 
the work out at the church, eighteen miles 
out in the mountains. We hope that the 
slide pictures will not be only a temporary 
interest, but that by them the people may 
become better acquainted with the work 
of our church." 

How One Missionary Committee Works. 
" I was greatly pleased with the Home Mis- 
sion poster. I gave the accompanying story 
to my juniors, and they were much enthused. 
I think it the strongest appeal to the entire 
congregation of any posters received. We 
are planning the Africa Mission Study 
classes, as suggested by headquarters, and 
expect a good school. We enjoy the Mis- 
siongrams, which we give at the close of 
Sunday-school each month. We are plan- 
ning to put on the Christmas program which 
you enclosed. Please send me the follow- 
ing materials: Christmas Programs, 12; 
special Christmas offering envelopes, 125. 
Thanking you, and praying for a continua- 
tion of your constructive mission work, I 
am yours truly." 
Signed, Mrs. H. B. Wheeler, Ottawa, Kans. 

Joy in Tithing. " Really, if all get as 
much joy out of tithing as we do, I think 
all would be tithers. We are now giving 
twelve and a half per cent. It is our plan 
to give at least $100 to missions. We should 
like to give more, but we have so many 
other calls for help and we try to help our 
school in its drives. We also give to many 
of the local churches we serve, to help 
them in their work." 

Oliver H. Austin, ll-26-'26. 

A Missionary Sunday-School Class. " The 

Conquerors' Class of the Pasadena Sunday- 
school, composed of girls from thirteen to 
fifteen years, is sending you a check for 
$26.34 to be applied on the Africa Hospital 
fund. This is the last of our offerings in 
1925-1926. We gave a Thanksgiving dinner 
(1925) to a motherless Mexican family, 
dressed dolls and sent them along with pic- 
ture post cards to India, gave money to the 
general school fund to be sent to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board emergency fund, pur- 
chased a potted plant for the teacher, who 
was ill, paid four dollars for a chair at 
La Verne College, and we now wish the 
last of our money to go to the Africa Hos- 
pital. Trusting it will do a great deal of 
good, we commit it in your hands. Yours 

Mrs. L. D. Replogle, Teacher, 1925-1926. 
Mrs. Mary Niswander, Assistant Teacher. 
Pasadena, Calif. 

Missionary Furloughs. Missionaries will 
return to America on furlough this year as 
follows : 

India, 1927 

J. E. Wagoner and family, 
Fred Hollenberg and family, 
Chalmer Shull and family, 
Benj. Summer and family, 
Sadie J. Miller, 
Elizabeth Kintner. 

China, 1927 

Mary Cline, 

Dr. D. L. Horning and family, 

W. Harlan. Smith and family. 
China, 1928 

Ernest Vaniman and family, 

Emma Horning. 

An Arbor of Pine Trees Serves as a 
Churchhouse. R. K. Showalter, who is 
serving the church at Rosepine, La., recently 
held a ten days' meeting at Pleasant View, 
a community about four miles from Rose- 
pine. There are about twenty members at 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pleasant View, but no church building; so 
with nature's gifts and a few days' work 
they soon had a meeting place ready. The 
floor was carpeted with pine straw; the 
pews were made of pine boards nailed to 
blocks of wood; "the roof which forms the 
ceiling has that restful green color of 
nature, for it is made of pine brush, and the 
pulpit cannot be described — it has to be seen 
to be appreciated." Some disagreeable 
weather interfered with the meeting, but 
in spite of the handicaps there were some 
good services. 

At a recent meeting of the District Mis- 
sion Board of Louisiana steps were taken 
to build a small church to take the place 
of the arbor. They plan to have the church 
ready by spring. 

Africa Mission Study 

The churches are laying plans for the 
promotion of Africa mission study, begin- 
ning Jan. 9. The outline of the course 
appeared in the October Visitor. Bro. A. 
D. Helser's new book, " In Sunny Nigeria," 
is the text to be used. Considerable supple- 
mentary material will be furnished in the 
Visitor, Messenger, and Our Young People. 
"In Sunny Nigeria" costs $1.50, postpaid. 
Arrangement has been made that in lots 
of ten or more to one address the book 
can be secured from the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, 111., for $1. Thus far 
approximately 2,000 copies have been sold, 
and the book has been on the market only 
since last May. This unusual demand for 
the volume speaks much for the satisfaction 
it offers as a good missionary book. Many 
letters like the following are received con- 
cerning it: 

" We, the Aid Society, have sold twenty- 
five of Bro. Helser's books. We find the 
book very helpful in our D. V. B. S. mis- 
sion study. Many enjoy the book. 

" Mrs. Orion Erbaugh, Trotwood, Ohio." 
■£ -J* 

News from Southern Illinois District Meet- 
ing Minutes. Allison Prairie and La Motte 
Prairie, in Southern Illinois, are served by 
Brother and Sister C. I. Weber, who have 
started their second term. They report a 
Sunday-school enrollment of 85, with an 
average attendance of 58 at Allison Prairie ; 
also 7 baptized during the year during a 

revival held by Bro. John Wieand. At La 
Motte Prairie there is a membership of but 
23, who have averaged $6 per member offer- 
ing to general missions during the last year 
in addition to taking care of all local and 
District requirements. La Motte Prairie has 
a Sunday-school enrollment of 50, with an 
average attendance of 30. 

Religious Education in the Near East. 

Under the direction of Dr. H. H. Meyer and 
members of native churches a study of the 
characteristics and needs of different age 
groups was made of the orphanages and 
camps. Three groupings were decided upon 
— 6 to 9 years, 10 to 13 years, and a young 
people's group above 13 years. The writers 
who are selected to prepare lesson material 
for these three groups respectively are, 
Elizabeth Harris, Marguerite Skidmore, and 
Mary Nenness. Plans are on foot to get 
members of the Greek Orthodox Church to 
collaborate in the preparation of materials. 


Note. — Last summer in the Camp Harmony 
Training School, Pa., the girls studying in the 
missionary methods class built budgets for their 
local churches. The following one by Miss Simmons 
is built on the basis that all the members of her 
church would tithe. While this program would 
seem to be the ideal rather than the actual, yet 
this budget presents a model well worth the atten- 
tion of churches in planning their church finances: 

There are 125 families in our church and 
we decided (Rev. Detwiler and I) that the 
average family made at least $1,000 a year. 
If one-tenth was given to the Lord it would 
amount to $12,500. 

We decided to go on the fifty-fifty basis. 
If we do this we will have $6,250 for our- 
selves at home and $6,250 for others. 

This is the budget for ourselves : 

Salary $2,500 

Delegates to various meeting 200 

Building fund 2,500 

Light and fuel 100 

Equipment 150 

Paid to General Conference 100 

Religious education 500 

Miscellaneous expenses 200 

Total $6,250 

The budget for others : 

World-Wide Missions $3,000 

Home missions 1,500 

Education 1,500 

Various charities 250 

Total $6,250 

Ruth Anna Simmons. 
119 E. Second St., Everett, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 

Women's Missionary Societies 


Mrs. J. A. Seese 

AT an invitation from Brother and 
Sister Arnold, our pastor and wife, 
in January, 1925, about twenty-five of 
the ladies of the Denton Church of the 
Brethren met at their home for the pur- 
pose of organizing a Missionary Society. 

Sister Arnold was chosen president, with 
Mary Rairigh vice-president. It was decided 
to hold a meeting the second Saturday of 
each month at the home of one of the 
members, taking them alphabetically. Since 
that time we have had a meeting each 
month. Some of the members have not 
missed a meeting, and the attendance gen- 
erally has been good. 

Our aim in effecting this organization has 
been to obtain a larger outlook on the world 
as a field for God's work, and thus "get a 
clearer vision of what we as a church and 
as individuals may do. 

At each meeting a program along mis- 
sionary lines has been given, after which 
the hostess serves the guests with simple 
refreshments. Our programs have been 
varied, such subjects as "The Home," "Home 
Missions," " Particular Foreign Fields," 
"Negro Churches," and "Indians" have been 
discussed. The society subscribed for The 
Missionary Review of the World, and much 
valuable information is obtained from this 
magazine. We also purchased two books, 
" Prayer and Missions," by Helen Barret 
Montgomery, and " Peasant Pioneers," by 
Kenneth D. Miller. We have completed the 
study of " Prayer and Missions " and found 
it a very fine book. 

Sept. 11 we had the good fortune to have 
Sister Anna Hutchison of China with us. 
She told us of the homes of China. We hope 
to have other returned missionaries give us 

At our meeting in October our members 
were divided into three groups, making ten 
members in each group. Each group se- 
lected a missionary on the field and at a 
definite time each day all in that group 
pray for that missionary. We expect to 
see great results from united prayer, and 
each of us will be an intercessory mis- 


Mrs. J. W. Lear 

The influence of Christian women in the 
church and in the world is one of the 
strongest forces for righteousness. As we 
saw the many avenues for service, and the 
capable women whose talents often seem to 
lie dormant, we thought it well to start a 
movement that would challenge the best 
talent and possibilities of all, from the 
oldest to the youngest. The work of other 
denominations was studied and the fol- 
lowing plan was decided upon and put into 

A general organization was named the 
Women's Society, with a president, vice- 
president and secretary-treasurer. A con- 
stitution and by-laws were drawn up and 
adopted. All women and girls are included 
in this society, and we aim to meet once 
each quarter for a time of fellowship and 
social intercourse. 

Under this general society we have a 
number of branch societies, in which every 
one can select the kind of work that suits 
her taste and convenience. We have the 
Sisters' Aid Society, in which many of the 
older sisters and some of the younger enjoy 
working. Then we have a number of young 
women, who are clerks or young mothers, 
who are kept at home by little ones during 
the day, but can get away in the evening. 
This group met, organized, and named 


The Missionary Visitor 


themselves the Dorcas Circle. They are a 
branch of the Aid Society, do most of the 
fancy work, and have made quite a contri- 
bution to our semiannual sales. 

Perhaps the most important branch we 
have started is the Women's Missionary 
Society. Their purpose is to study home 
and foreign missions and stewardship, have 
talks by returned missionaries and other 
inspirational speakers, and assist in personal 
work and evangelism wherever possible. 

We have also organized a Mothers and 
Daughters' Association, through which we 
hope to help raise the ideals of the homes, 
not only of our own people but of the for- 
eign born in our community. 

The Moentita girls are organized and 
working under the Board of Religious Edu- 
cation, but they meet with us in our gen- 
eral meetings of the Women's Society and 
have a large place on the programs. 
Friday, March 4, 1927 

Again the Day of Prayer for Missions 
draws near. Every year sees a wider fel- 
lowship of believing women drawn into this 
united prayer for missions throughout the 
whole earth. It is hoped that the purpose 
for which this day has been established may 
be held in mind. It is a day of prayer for 
missions and missionaries throughout the 

Let the women of the Church of the 
Brethren plan to meet on that day and send 
up their prayers, along with the prayers of 
other Christian women, for the promotion 
of the work in God's great harvest field. 

Programs for the day, entitled " Pray Ye 
Therefore," may be had at 2 cents each; 
$1.75 per 100. Order from General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111. 


(Continued from Page 15) 
(See Map Page 16) 
we hope she will be permitted to complete the 
higher primary school work. 

One of the young women who entered school 
earlier in the fall went home to help her father with 
the harvest, and must now wait until after the 
celebration of the third year since the death of 
one of her husband's family, before she can reenter 



Just as these notes are being written another of 
the young women comes to ask leave of absence, 

that she may return to her mother's home and help 
in the celebration of a month-old baby. 

It is not easy to get women interested in reading, 
but once they do get interested, there are so many 
things to come in their way and hinder their 
progress. Sometimes it is the mother-in-law who 
objects; sometimes the husband or the father-in- 
law, as is the case with one bright young woman 
who at one time was in our girls' school a month. 
She had just a taste and now she wants more, but 
her father-in-law says " No." 
Tai Yuan 

We are well started in our routine of work. The 
different Bible classes and discussion groups are 
well established, and the interest seems good. The 
classes come mostly from the schools of the city. 
Tai Yuan is quite a center for learning, there being 
over two thousand students in the various schools 
of the city. Some of the classes come from the 
older men of the city, as for example the men of 
the postofEce. This particular class is very anxious 
to learn the correct manners and customs of other 
lands, especially those of America. 

Our Girls' School opened the first of the month, 
with Mrs. Chen in charge. She is the wife of one 
of the Y. M. C. A. secretaries. They were married 
the last of September at the Y. M. C. A. He is 
engaged with Mr. Ikenberry in student work in the 
city. We have five more students than we had 
last year, with a possibility of more. 

On Oct. 30 we had a tea to introduce Mrs. Chen 
to the mothers and women, and also to plan for our 
winter classes. We were very fortunate to have 
with us Miss Dunning, who sang for us. 

Last Thursday at the Women's Institute Mrs. 
Ikenberry illustrated several songs with lecturers' 
chalk, which seemed very much appreciated. After 
the program one of the ladies came and asked, if 
she bought the paper, would Mrs. Ikenberry please 
come to her home and draw a picture? 

The Chinese members of our church are looking 
forward with much pleasure to the proposed visit 
of Brethren Bonsack and Yoder. They are anxious 
to meet and talk over plans with these brothers 
from America. 


(Continued from Page 32) 

Harold Bowman, 20.79 

Nebraska— $57.70 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory, 57.70 

Ohio— $458.93 

X. E. Dist., Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 
Helser, $40.38; Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 
$32.53, 72.9! 

X. W. Dist., Pleasant View S. S. for Ellen 
H. Wagoner, 250.00 

So. Dist., Salem Cong, for Minnie F. 

Bright, 136.02 

Pennsylvania— $S58.50 

E. Dist., White Oak Cong, for Ruth B. 
Mallott, $150; " Helping Hand " Class, Leb- 
anon S. S. (Midway) for Alberta Sollenber- 

ger, $37.50, 187.50 

(Continued on Page 9) 


The Missionary Visitor 


the junior mmmmm 

Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

The Story of Patali (Potter-lee) 


PATALI was born in a little village 
by the name of Gadat about eleven 
years ago. She was the youngest 
child in the family. While still a very 
little girl, her father died ; later her brothers 
died, and when she was only five years old 
her mother also was taken away. The 
mother took suddenly sick after eating one 
day, and soon died. Thus Patali and her 
older sister were left all alone. The two 
little girls did not know what to do, but 
finally some neighbors helped them through 
their sorrow and a few days later relatives 
from other villages came to take these two 
little girls to their own homes. Kahali was 
taken off to one village and Patali to one 
in the opposite direction. 

Patali did not enter a very happy family. 
The mother in the home did not love Patali. 
All she wanted was to have Patali work 
hard and care for her four children. Day 
after day for a whole year Patali was very 
sad, for, try as she would, she could not 
please the mother. Many times she was 
scolded and beaten, and the welts on her 
body told the story of her unhappy life. 

One day, when Patali had been in this 
home nearly a year her sister came to see 
her. Her sister came from the mission girls' 
school at Vyara, fifteen miles away, for 
some time during the year she had run 
away to school. This sister told Patali how 
she liked to live at the school, and what a 
happy home it was for her, and she wanted 
Patali to come along back to the school 
with her. Patali was only too glad to go 
with her bigger sister, but how could she 
get away from the home she was in? 

The sisters talked and planned, and de- 
cided at length that Kahali should wait 
under a big tree up the road until Patali 
should meet her ; then they would walk the 
fifteen miles to the mission school. Al- 

though they thought they had planned well, 
their scheme was discovered, and before 
Patali reached the big tree she saw the 
woman coming up behind, and the man 
hasting across a field to catch her. She 
quickly slipped into a small creek bed and 
lay quiet until the woman had gone on 
beyond her. Then she arose and returned 
to the house, trying to act as though noth- 
ing strange had happened. She knew she 
must wait for another and better chance. 
When the man returned to the house he 
said, "Patali, where did you go?" And 
Patali said she had chased two jackals 
away from the chickens ! 

Not long afterwards, perhaps a week 
later, one evening Patali was sent out to 
gather " charn " — this, you know, is used 
to plaster floors in India. She wandered 
about here and there, and when she had 
filled the basket on her head, she started 
home. As she passed by an old man's hut, 
which was occupied by the father of the 
woman she worked for, she decided to stop 
in for a drink of water because she felt 
tired and thirsty. The old grandfather was 
kindly disposed toward the little girl, and 
he sympathized many times when his daugh- 
ter punished her. He was glad to give her 
a drink and he said, " You just stay here 
with me and my other daughter tonight 
and eat supper with us." 

Patali felt he was her friend, and so it 
did not take much coaxing to get her to 
stay. She enjoyed her supper, even if it 
was a meagre meal. And the old man 
asked many questions. Although he knew 
where the older sister was, he asked, 
" Patali, where is your sister Kahali now? " 
And Patali told him all the story which her 
older sister had told her the week before 
about the big mission school, where dozens 
of girls came and stayed. The grandfather 


The Missionary Visitor 


listened to it all, and then he said, " It 
sounds as though your sister likes to stay- 
in that school. Now wouldn't you like to 
go there too and stay with Kahali? " "Oh, 
yes," said Patali, " I do want to go, and 
I tried to go along with Kahali last week, 
but could not get away in time." And then 
the old man said a most surprising thing to 
Patali, which made her open her eyes wide 
and clap her hands for joy. It was some- 
thing which very few old people ever say 
in this land. He said, " I'll tell you what 
we'll do. If you want to go to school, I'll 
take you there. I'll take, you right away 
before anybody finds it out. I'll call you 
very early in the morning, and we'll start 
off to school while it is still dark." 

Patali was so happy she could scarcely 
fall off to sleep, and she thought over and 
over what a dear grandfather he was. 
Finally she did go to sleep and it seemed 
but a few minutes later when she was 
awakened and told it was time to start. 
She was up and ready to go in a minute, for 
Patali didn't need to spend any time dress- 
ing. She had on every thread of clothing 
she possessed, which consisted of two small 
old rags — one was wrapped about the hips 
and the other was thrown over the head. 
They were soon on the road, and it was a 
long, long road for a little girl of Patali's 
age and size. The name Patali means 
" thin " and " lean," and Patali was true to 
her name. Some time during the afternoon 
they reached the school. 

A group of laughing, curious girls met 
Patali at the gate and asked all sorts of 
questions. Learning that she was Kahali's 
little sister, they led her quickly into the 
grinding-room where Kahali was grinding 
at the mill. How surprised the big sister 
was ! And all she could ask was, " How 
did you come? How did you get here?" 

How nice everything seemed at the school! 
Everything was clean and comfortable. 
There were many new things to see. What 
could that box be hanging on the wall which 
said "tick tock " all the time? And what 
a strange thing to have a tall framework 
standing over a well with a huge wheel 
on top spinning in the breeze! But it did 
pump water so nicely. In fact, everything 
was new and queer, but Patali liked it all 
because her big sister was with her to ex- 
plain everything. 

The very first day she found out that 
Jumnabai, the matron, was a real mother 
to her. She loved her. Right away she 
got a good bath and was given a few clean 
clothes; and the matron cut off her matted 
pigtail, which was all she had on the very 
crown of her head. 

Patali started to study, sitting in the pri- 
mary class. Learning words and finding 
out how to count, playing games and sitting 
in prayers were all so different from the 
things she had had to do in the village. 
And here everyone was so kind to her! 

One day about two weeks later, the big 
sister came running to say, " O Patali, hide, 
for the woman is coming past the bungalow 
straight out to the school. She'll try to 
take you back with her." And Patali ran! 
She darted into the matron's room and crept 
under the bed, which was behind a curtain. 
How quiet she tried to be ! Sure enough, 
the woman came to the school and right 
in behind the latticed veranda without 
knocking or asking permission. She talked 
very loud. A lot of girls gathered around 
to hear what she had to say. She declared 
she had come to get Patali and take her 
back home. But all the girls looked very 
innocent and didn't say a word. The 
matron tried to talk to the woman, but she 
would not listen. She said she'd search the 
place and because she happened to be in 
front of the matron's door, she started to 
rush into the very room where Patali was 
hiding. The matron caught hold of her, 
saying, " That is my room, and you may 
not enter without permission." Then all the 
girls' mouths were opened and in a chorus 
they told the woman she could not enter 
the matron's room. Just imagine how very 
still Patali must have been under the bed! 
Finally the racket quieted down and the 
woman went away, but Patali had been 
so quiet so long she fell off to sleep and 
lay under the bed until the matron came 
and wakened her. This was the last time 
that woman ever came to the school, but the 
old grandfather who had brought Patali to 
school came to see her now and then, and 
every time he came he brought some man- 
goes or dates for her. 

Patali came to school four years ago, and 
she has stayed there ever since. The school 
has become her home and she does not 
care to go out to that village, because none 


The Missionary Visitor 


of her friends live there. Every year she 
has passed and now studies in the fourth 
grade. Two years ago she accepted Jesus 
as her Savior and was baptized. 

When little Lois Mow came to live at 
Vyara, Patali loved to come to the bungalow 
to play with Lois and wheel her' about in 
the baby carriage. In this way she was 
a great help to the Madam Sahib, who was 
studying every day. Patali was so careful 
with the baby and showed such concern that 
this year the Madam Sahib asked that 
Patali come to Landour in the Himalaya 
Mountains and again be a companion for 

As this story is being written Patali is 
still up in the mountains. This has been a 
wonderful experience for her. Before com- 
ing to school she had never seen a train, so 

to make a trip of one thousand miles on 
the railroad was something never to be 
forgotten. Climbing steep mountain sides 
and seeing the great snow-clad peaks, 
watching oceans of clouds float beneath her, 
eating new fruits, meeting strange peoples, 
observing new customs, passing through 
large cities — even the capital of India — all to- 
gether made a new world for Patali. Al- 
though but eleven years old she has caught 
a larger vision and understands many things 
about which her schoolmates have never 
dreamed. Just the other evening Patali said, 
" I want to go on in school just as far as 
the Miss Sahib will send me, and I want to 
be strong and useful." The Miss Sahib has 
high hopes that some day Patali will be a 
nurse, with strong kind hands to minister 
to her needy India sisters. 

A Study in Black 


See what happens when you jump into 
the middle of things ! The youngsters 
hustling for Liao Chou have certainly made 
a big splash ! But isn't it fun to watch 
them throw water over each other, and dive, 
and wriggle, and come up with a big grin! 
Once a man had himself fastened up in a 
barrel, and then went dashing over Niagara 
Falls. Wasn't he foolish? But here's a 
barrel one of the kiddies brought, and it's 
crammed full of money. And he wants to 
cram another barrel. But it isn't going over 
Niagara Falls. He's going to buy a mis- 
sionary, or some doctor's instruments, or 
a clean little white bed, or a box of soap, 
or a playground with swings and slides ! 
And he's as happy as a lark over it. 

Do you know what makes folks happy? 
It's giving some of yourself away. Have 
you noticed how gayly the raindrops chase 
each other down from the sky to wet the 
wheat fields? And how liberal the sun is 
with his beams? And how the brooks run 
away down the hill to make green pastures? 
And how the apple trees bend down over 
your head, begging you to relieve them of 
their load? 

And a queer thing it is, that if you take, 

and take, and keep, and keep, and never 
give anybody anything, you'll soon dry up, 
and nobody will think you are nice. 

But now that Liao Chou has been quite 
thoroughly rehearsed, we will put on an 
African enterprise — a black program, if you 
please. Look at the gorgeous outline of 
handwork which has been planned for you 
in this number of the Visitor for the next 
three months. Look also in Our Boys and 
Girls, issue of Jan. 15, for the Lesson Study 
beginning Jan. 30, and see what mighty 
things are expected of you ! But you are 
able for it. Who ever heard of kiddies fall- 
ing down on a job when their heart was 
in it? 

This is going to be the busiest, breeziest, 
gladdest, toughest, growingest, hopefulest 
affair some of you have ever tackled. And 
when you have knocked over the last 
obstacle, and have made your goal, clap a 
red postage stamp on an envelope and write 
the editor about it. Results will be com- 
pared, and every fellow (a girl can be a 
fellow too) who crosses the tape will be 
entitled to wear a big " H " across his 
breast — meaning " Happiness." Now, all 
ready, bang! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Junior League African Hand 


Edited by Minna Heckman 


IN the stud}' of Africa, it is hoped that 
the boys and girls of our Brotherhood 
will learn more about that vast con- 
tinent than they have ever known before. 
But more important than this knowledge is 
the sympathetic interest in and love for 
the dark-skinned people that will come 
from the study of their lives. Then, too, 
the juniors should have an interest in the 
great missionary enterprise of the church, 
and their help and enthusiasm for this work 
should be enlisted while they are young. 

Aim of the Course 

The aim can best be stated as a problem. 
It is this : why should we have missions in 
Africa? This question the leader should 
keep constantly before him, and the goal 
for the course is its solution in the minds 
of the pupils. When people once sense a 
great need they are usually ready to help 
meet it. And if our juniors see this need 
they will help now with their work and 
perhaps later with their lives. 

Method of Procedure 

There is a problem to be solved with each 
lesson. This does not need to be stated as 
such to the pupils, but a set of questions 
with each lesson should lead the pupils to 
thinking along this line until they have 
gotten the point of the lesson. These ques- 
tions with the reading should be assigned 
a week ahead. 


Handwork will be suggested under the 
head of projects. The leader may choose 
the one best suited to the group. If there 
is a large enrollment, all three may be 
carried out with different groups. Project 
No. 3 has been planned for the Primaries. 
If there are children of this age they will 
find this work suited to their capacities. 

The leader should be perfectly familiar 
with source material. In raising questions 
there will be an interest aroused in reading 
and the leader should have plenty of it to 

Books and Materials to Be Used 

Our Boys and Girls, 60 cents per year, single 

copy; five or more copies, 40 cents. 
Missionary Visitor, $1 per year. 
" In Sunny Nigeria," A. D. Helser. Single 

copies, $1.50. (Ten copies to one ad- 
dress, $10.00.) 
Map of Africa, 28"x32", price 25 cents. 
Maps of Africa 5"x5", per dozen 15 cents. 
" The Book of Missionary Heroes," Basil 

Matthews; Pub. H. Doran, $1.50. 
" Book of an African Baby," Mary Ent- 

wistle. M. E. M., 40c. 
"Across Africa with Livingstone," game, 

60 cents. M. E. M. 
" Children of Africa," post card painting 

book. Elsie Anna Wood. M. E. M., 60c. 
Picture— " The Hope of the World," 35c 

and companion book of stories, " They 

Love Him Too," 10c. 

Helpful Books for the Pupils' Reading 

" Livingtone the Pathfinder." Basil Mat- 
thews, $1.00. 
"Uganda's White Man of Work." Fahs, 

Jan. 30. Nigeria, the Land 
Problem: To become acquainted with the 
country that is the home of the colored 

Locate Nigeria on the map of Africa. 
What is the capital of Nigeria? 
How many black-skinned people live in 
this land? 

What kind of climate have they in this 
land? What kinds of fruit grow here? 

What are the usual health conditions in 
this sort of a climate? 
What kinds of animals live here? 
What has the white man done to improve 
this country? 

What other improvements do you think 
could be made? 

Project No. 1 

This is to be a notebook project. Into 
the book should be put something illustrat- 
ing each lesson. The first evening a map 
of Africa may be drawn for the book. If 
time permits the different provinces may be 


The Missionary Visitor 


Project No. 2 

A relief map may be made of paper pulp. 
For these maps the leader should have the 
maps already drawn and the pulp ready to 
be applied. For the Sahara Desert the 
wet pulp may be covered with sand. The 
pulp piled into pyramids will represent 
Egypt. Fine pieces of green paper mixed 
with the pulp will show dense vegetation 
in other parts of the country. Trees of 
heavy paper set up in the pulp identify 
the forests. A little wooden slab set up on 
the east coast will mark the grave of Bro. 
J. H. B. Williams. A little white church 
of paper will mark the site of the mission. 

(Note. Instructions for the paper pulp. 
Tear a quantity of newspaper into fine 
pieces and cover with boiling water. Let 
this stand for twenty-four hours. At the 
end of that time the water should be 
drained off and the pieces of paper rubbed 
to a fine pulp. To a quart of this mixture 
add a bottle of glue or some boiled flour 

(See map, page 16) 

This is a map designed to make Nigeria 
a definite location and to give a definite 
idea of the place in Nigeria of our mission. 
" Somewhere in Africa " is too indefinite a 
place to study. Any small map of Africa 
will do, although to make the map about 
the size of a sheet of typewriter paper would 
be preferable. If desired, the teacher can 
prepare the outline of Africa by using 
tracing paper, as many sheets as are needed. 
Each child should draw in the map of 
Nigeria if he does not draw the continental 
map. Locate Lagos (where our missionaries 
land and capital of Nigeria), Jos (the end 
of our railroad), the Hawal, Benue, and 
Niger Rivers, and Garkida. 
Project No. 3 

The younger group may make a poster 
like figure two. Each one can cut 
out a part and the whole then be assembled 
and hung in their room. If the crepe paper 
is not available any paper of the right 
color will do. 

Jungle Poster 

A sheet of blue matstock is pasted to a black 
matstock backing leaving a half inch border. Den- 
nison crepe paper No. 61 is slightly crushed and 
is used for the ground. Actual little palm trees of 
No. 46 green crepe paper and No. 72 brown crepe 
paper are fastened to the poster. Points of green 
paper represent the tall grass in which the animals 
cut from decorated crepe paper No. 17 are hidden. 
Bits of green chipped paper are scattered around 

the bottom and bright moon of orange matstock 
completes the jungle scene. 

Figure 2 


Our Boys and Girls for January 16, 1927. 
" In Sunny Nigeria," Chapters 1 and 2. 
Map of Africa. 

Picture, " The Hope of the World." 
Life of Livingstone if available. 

Feb. 6. Nigeria, the People 

Problem: To become acquainted with the 

people who live in Nigeria. 

Questions : 

Again locate Nigeria on the map of Africa. 

What is the meaning of. " tribe"? 

What is a province? 

What are the chief provinces of Nigeria? 

In which province is our mission located? 
Locate on the map. 

What are the chief occupations of the 

Why do you suppose there is so much 
war between the tribes? 

Would schools, good roads and churches 
help the people to understand each other 
better? How? 
Project No. 1 

The African house may be cut from 
brown construction paper like the illustra- 
tion, for the notebook. A fence could also 
be cut out to paste in front of the house to 
show how the compounds are made. A 
small palm tree could be placed at the side. 
Project No. 2 

A group project may be started now on 
an African house and compound. A couple 
of round hat boxes should be secured for 
the houses and a piece of plaster board 
about a yard square used for the base which 
becomes the compound. The fronts of the 
houses may be cut away so that the inside 
may be seen. The outside of these houses 
may be covered with paper pulp or clay. 
Large half circles of cardboard can be 


The Missionary Visitor 




*mt mm 

Burra Compound 

used for the roofs. These should be fas- 
tened with paper fasteners and then covered 
with grass, hay or raffia. The inside should 
then be covered with homemade clay. A 
coat of glue should be added first so that 
the clay will stick. These houses may be 
fastened down securely to the base of 
plaster board. They may be glued or fas- 
tened down with paper fasteners near the 
edge of the board. If desired, a porch may 
be built in front of the woman's house as 
suggested in the notes. 

(Note : Homemade clay can be made by 
mixing two cups of flour with a cup of salt 
and two teaspoons of powdered alum. 
These ingredients are to be mixed dry and 
then enough water is to be added to make 
a pliable clay. To give a touch of color a 
little water color paint may be added or 
some bluing, cake coloring or butter color- 
Project No. 3 

The younger group may make clay or 
construction paper houses. For the latter, a 
strip of brown construction paper 2"x8" 
may be used. The ends of this may be 
glued together to make a cylinder. A half 
circle may be used for the roof and the 
house finished according to the illustration. 

There are several of these houses in one 

Figure 3 

compound and each adult has his own 

little house. A piece of plaster board 

or pine board will be a good base or 

ground. The rooms look like a small 

silo a little higher than a tall man and 

have a roof of grass that looks like an 

opened umbrella set on the top. There 

is one opening that is up several inches 

from the floor and oblong shaped. In 

the Burra house it is a very small opening 

and one must almost double up in order to 

get in. 

The inside walls are often plastered with 
bright colored clay. 

Take a half circle of card board and join 
to make an umbrella-shaped background. 
The Burras make their roof frames from 
bamboo poles. Sew grass or hay on this 
background to make the roof thatched. The 
points that stick up at the cone are bound 
in a hard mass by string. This is set on 
top of the round house. If you wish a good 
proportion make the long diameter of your 
half-moon of card board 7-8 of the top cir- 
cumference of your round house. Fig. 3 
shows the result. 

This is a woman's house; so in front of 
the door is a sort of shed-porch. The two 
sides are made of firewood piled in a neat 
crisscross. This is reserve firewood. The 
roof is flat and made from mats and palm 
leaves or cornstalks laid across rafters. 

You can build this porch by laying neat 
ricks of smooth twigs for firewood and 
cover with braided grass mats, palm leaves 
cut from brown construction paper or tiny 


The Missionary Visitor 




Our Boys and Girls for January 23. 
" In Sunny Nigeria," Chapter 25. 

Feb. 13. The Burra Home 
Problem: To find out the difference between 
the living conditions of the people of 
Nigeria and those of a Christian land. 

What is a compound? Describe an 
African Compound. 

How many doors and windows have the 
houses? Why do you think that the Afri- 
can houses do not have more? 

Why do the horses have better sleeping 
quarters than the women and children? 

If the people knew more about sanitation, 
do you think the living conditions would 

Describe African dishes. 

How do the Africans cook their food? 
Do you think the African or American way 
better? Why? 

What is contained in an African room? 

Do you think healthful living conditions 
make people better? 

Project No. 1 

In this lesson the water and cooking jars 
illustrated may be cut from construction 
paper to be pasted in the notebook. The 
design may be put on with a sharp crayola. 
A knife, an axe and a hoe as described on 
page 129 of " In Sunny Nigeria " may be 
also cut out to put in the book. A descrip- 
tion of these tools may be written in from 
the above book. 

Project No. 2 

In this project, the work will continue 
on the house. The jars are to be made of 
clay and the design put on with a sharp 
tool. A toothpick will do. Several extra 
jars should be made so that when dry a cup- 
board may be made as described in the 
notes. The fence should be started also. 
By fastening the house to the board near 
the edge, it can be made to serve as part 
of the compound wall. Stout little posts 
should be glued and nailed from the bottom, 
at the corners of the board. Three pairs 
of string should be fastened to the post, 
about two inches apart, the lowest pair an 
inch from the board. A piece of sliced 
cornstalk should be placed against the post, 
inside the opened pairs of string. These 

should then be tied and opened and another 
piece inserted. This process should be con- 
tinued much as weaving is done until the 
compound is surrounded with a fence. 

Project No. 3 

The younger children may make little 
clay jars or they may paint the post cards 
of the set. These post cards show how to 
dress the people for the home. 

Our Burra, " mbwa," needs water pots, 
cooking pots and calabashes, or gourds. 
The two former may be modeled from clay 
(they are easily made but if circumstances 
forbid cut them out of construction paper 
and paste to the wall). See Fig. 4 for 
water pot. See Fig. 5 for cooking pot. 

The food is eaten from gourds. If you 

Figure 4 

Figure 5 

can get some little gourds cut in shapes like 
mixing bowls. They are marked with clever 
designs by a hot iron pencil. Some hold 
several gallons, others a half pint. Halves 
of nut shells or hollow acorn shells make 
good small calabashes. 

An energetic woman will have several jars 
in her house. She will keep extra cloth in 
some. They are her storage bins for pea- 
nuts, salt, seeds for planting or dried herbs. 
Some have these jars set in mud to form 
a little cupboard or mud shelves with jars. 


Our Boys and Girls for January 30. 
"In Sunny Nigeria," Chapter XIX. 
Post Card Paint Book. 
" The Book of an African Baby," Chapter 1. 

(Lessons beginning with February 20 will continue 
in next Visitor) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1926. As of November 30, 
1926, the Conference (Budget) offering for the year 
ending February 28, 1927, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1926, $170,757.62 

(The 1926 Budget of $382,775.00 is 44.6% raised, 
whereas it should be 75.%) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on November 
30, 1926: 

Income since March 1, 1926, $205,407.77 

Income same period last year, 206,654.48 

Expense since March 1, 1926, 229,858.53 

Expense same period last year, 216,150.64 

Mission deficit November 30, 1926, 34,566.94 

Mission deficit October 31, 1926, 32,164.83 

Increase in deficit for November, 1926, 2,402.11 

Tract Distribution: During the month of October 
the Board sent out 2,404 doctrinal tracts. 

October Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during October: 

Africa— $50.00 

Indv.: Wm. M. Beahm, $ 50.00 

Arizona— $25.09 

S. S.. Glendale, $15.09; Indv.: B. F. Glick, 

$10, 25.09 

California— $64.11 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elk Creek, $3.14; Irvin 
M. Kauffman (Modesto) $5; No. 92884 (Laton) 
$25; S. S.: Live Oak, $4; Modesto, $21.27, .. 58.41 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hemet, $2, 2.00 

Canada — $.50 

Cong.: J. H. Brubaker (M. N.) (Bow Val- 
ley), 50 

Colorado— $19.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Miami, 19.00 

Florida— $20.14 

S. S.: Sebring, 20.14 

Illinois— $55.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $21.86; Galen Bark- 
doll (Chicago) $2.50; S. S. : Rockford, $5.40; 
White Rapids, $1.35; Sterling, $15.83, 46.94 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, $4.14; Romine, 

$4.57, 8.71 

Indiana— $321.29 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roann, $8.95; So. Whit- 
ley, $34.27; A Brother (Roann) $1; S. S. : 
Beaver Creek, $3.60; Loon Creek, $50; Markle, 
$3.51; District Aid Soc. Meeting, $19.47, .... 120.80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blue River, $1.50; La 
Porte, $12.73; Nappanee, $26.46; Baugo, $36.92; 
S. S.: Plymouth, $17.99, 95.60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, -$100.89; S. S.: 

Primary Class (Mississinewa) $4, 104.89 

Iowa— $60.60 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar, $3.37; E. O. 
Slater (Indian Creek) $26; S. S. : Pleasant 
View (Cedar) $2.76, 32.13 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $3.47; E. C. 

Whitmer & Wife (Curlew) $25, 28.47 

Kansas— $136.09 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington Creek, $14; 
Wade Branch, $7.61; S. S. : Olathe, $10.22, .... 31.83 

N. W. Dist., District Meeting, 44.72 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: F. S. Waas (Fredonia) 
$25; S. S.: Scott Valley, $1.29 26.29 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Morelock and 
Mary G. Morelock (Monitor) $10; S. S. : 

Monitor, $16.38; Bloom, $6.87 33.25 

Maryland— $88.14 

E. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) 
$2.50; Blue Ridge College (Pipe Creek) $49.37; 
Long Green Valley $8.62, 60.49 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, 12.65 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, 15.00 

Michigan — $75.16 

Cong.: Beaverton, $14.70; Zion, $4.50; S. S. : 
Lake View, $30.96; Indv.: G. Sprang, $5; Mrs. 

Harry Carmer, $20, 75.16 

Minnesota— $1.00 

Indv.: J. R. Suter, 1.00 

Missouri— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Elda Gauss, 5.00 

Nebraska— $65.38 

Cong.: Enders, $9.71; A Friend (Octavia) 
$4.45; S. S.: Enders, $1.29; So. Beatrice, 

$16.68; Afton, $30; Lincoln, $3.25, 65.38 

North Dakota— $122.21 

Cong.: Kenmare. $28.50; Zion (Cando) 
$73.68; Willow Grove (Englevale) $10.25; S. S.: 

Egeland, $6.43; Brumbaugh, $3.35, 122.21 

Ohio— $322.37 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Goshen, $40; Kent, 
$10.83; Tuscarawas, $10.27; Canton City, $10; 
S. S.: Owl Creek, $7.66, 78.76 

So. Dist., Cong.: Marble Furnace, $7; 
Georgetown, $20; Greenville, $19.50; Pleasant 
Valley, $5.39; Union City, $10; No. 92990 
(West Branch) $50; Missy. Com. (Painter 
Creek) $85.10; S. S.: Harris Creek, $14.16; 
Pitsburg, $24.21; Castine, $4.25; Greenville, 

$4, 243.61 

Oklahoma— $15.00 

Cong.: Joseph Neher in memory of his 
mother (Oklahoma City) $10; Mrs. W. L. 
Schnur (Ames) $4; D. V. B. S. : Ames, $1, 15.00 
Pennsylvania— $914.03 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mechanic Grove, $10; 
Ridgely, $17.03; A Brother and Sister (Little 
Swatara) $50; David E. Fox (Harrisburg) 
$100; S. S.: Ephrata, $26.80; E. Fairview, 
$17.27; Heidelberg, $16.48; E. Petersburg, 
$11.32; Mountville, $21.20; Indian Creek, $13.79; 
Harrisburg, $22; So. Annville (Annville) 
$29.71; Longeneckers' (White Oak) $157.03; 
Paxton (Big Swatara) $14.25; "Willing 
Workers " Class, Ziegler's (Little Swatara) 
$5, , 511.88 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Dunnings Creek, $15; 
1st Altoona, $3; Burnham, $25; A Brother 
(Spring Valley) $25; A. B. Wakefield (Augh- 
wick) $5; Geo. W. Rogers (M. N.) (Dun- 
nings Creek) $.50; S. S.: Sugar Run (Augh- 
wick) $6.47; Maitland (Dry Valley) $11.28; 
Yellow Creek, $6.08; Cherry Lane, $8.70; 
Curry ville (Woodbury) $5.02, 111.05 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Germantown (Phila) 
$114.76; S. S.: Norristown, $15.01; Green Tree, 
$50; Quakertown, $22.08, 201.85 

So. Dist., S. S.: Carlisle, $9.83; New Fair- 
view, $19.85; Pleasant Hill (Codorus) $6.12; 
Melrose (Upper Codorus) $5.60; Brandts 
(Back Creek) $5.58, 46.98 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $12.43; J. Clark 
Brilhart (Montgomery) $6.50; C. C. Sollenber- 
ger (Pleasant Hill) $.50; S. S. : Plum Creek, 
$12.78; Jr. Girls Class (Belle Vernon) $9.06; 

Indv.: J. Lloyd Nedrow (M. N.) $1, 42.27 

Virginia— $187.95 

E. Dist., Cong.: C. B. I. S. (Mt. Carmel) 9.41 

First Dist., Cong.: Central Roanoke, $25; 
Mrs. Sallie Pursley (Mt. Joy) $4, 29.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Brandy wine, $5.47; Da- 
mascus, $9.10; Moorefield, $1.52; Smiths 
Creek, $7.60; Sycamore (No. Mill Creek) $1.85; 
Bethel (No. Mill Creek) $2.97; Newport (Mt. 
Zion) $3; Bethlehem (So. Fork) $4.14; Mt. 
Carmel (So. Fork) $7.11; S. S.: Harrisonburg, 
$10.55, 53.31 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Sangerville, $5; Chimney 


The Missionary Visitor 


Run, $2.53; White Hill, $10, * 17.53 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch 78.70 

Washington— $31 .00 

S. S. : Sunnyside, $25: Mrs. C. M. Holdren 
(Yakima) $5; R. F. Hiner (M. N.) (Wenat- 

chee Valley) $1, 31.00 

West Virginia— $5.12 

First Dist., Cong. & S. S. : Beaver Run, .. 5.12 

Wisconsin— $3.31 

S. S.: Stanley, $2.31; Indv. : S. E. W. of 
Hawkins, $1, 3.31 

Virginia— $56.00 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 


Total for the month, $2,584.44 

Total previously reported, 40,302.33 

Total for the year, $42,886.77 


Illinois— $13.43 

No. Dist., Cong.: Louisa (Waddams Grove) 
$7.33; S. S.: Louisa (Waddams Grove) $6.10,$ 13.43 
Kansas— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Richland Center, 5.00 

Louisiana— $13.03 

S. S.: Roanoke, 13.03 

Maryland— $92.17 

E. Dist., S. S.: Westminster (Meadow 

Branch), 92.17 

Ohio— $8.39 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: No. Poplar Ridge, .... 8.39 

P ennsy 1 vania— $2.25 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: James Creek, 2.25 

South Dakota— $10.32 

S. S.: Willow Creek 10.32 

Virginia— $17.74 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Bridgewater, 17.74 

Total for the month, $ 162.33 

Total previously reported, 896.46 

Total for the year, $1,058.79 


Illinois— $134.00 

No. Dist., Student Volunteers Bethany 

Bible School, $ 134.00 

Virginia— $55.00 

Sec. Dist., Student Volunteers Bridgewater 
College, 55.00 

Total for the month, $ 189.00 

Total previously reported, 2,378.28 

Total for the year, $2,567.28 


Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chippewa Valley, $5; 

Nellie M. Senger (Chicago) $5, $ 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $20.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: M. Ada Douty (Sugar 
Valley) $10; L. Anna Schwenk (Sugar Val- 
ley) $10, 20.00 

Virginia— $5.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: O. R. Hersch (Mt. Car- 
mel), 5.00 


Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 35.00 


Kansas— $6.50 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Mont Ida, $ 6.50 

Missouri— $13.80 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies at District Meet- 
ing, 13.80 

Ohio— $47.04 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies, 47.04 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Aid Soc: Thomas, 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Lewistown, 25.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: First Philadelphia, 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 203.34 

Total previously reported, 3,077.68 

Total for the year, ....$3,281.02 

Kansas— $1.29 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Scott Valley, $ 1.29 

Michigan— $50.00 

Cong.: Sunfield (summer pastors), 50.00 

South Dakota— $5.00.. 

Cong.: Willow Creek, 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 56.29 

Total previously reported, 676.57 

Total for the year, $ 732.86 

Illinois— $32.91 

No. Dist., Cong.: Louisa (Waddams Grove) $ 32.91 
Iowa— $38.77 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, 38.77 

Total for the month, $ 71.68 

Total previously reported 195.17 

Total for the year, $ 266.85 

Kansas— $96.29 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: McLouth, $ 96.29 

Ohio— $3.87 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 3.87 

Pennsylvania— $38.99 

E. Dist., Cong.: Naomi S. Rentschler 
(Maiden Creek), 23.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Harmony ville, 5.99 

So. Dist., Cong.: Jiershey's Store (York) 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 139.15 

Total previously reported, 3,722.33 

Total for the year, $3,861.48 

California— $60.84 

No. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Dept. (Em- 
pire), $ 60.84 

Florida— $10.00 

C. W. S.: Junior (Sebring)., 10.00 

Idaho— $3.81 

S. S.: Winchester 3.81 

Illinois— $33.07 

No. Dist., Cong.: Douglas Park Mission 
(Chicago) $27.07; Dale and Valley Heisler 

(Shannon) $6, 33.07 

Indiana— $16.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Ready" Class 

(LaPorte), 16.00' 

Iowa— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "King's Daughters and 
Sons" of Junior Dept. (Council Bluffs), .... 10.00' 
Ohio— $16.91 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Hill, 16.91 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Frances Shaffer (Upper 
Conewago), 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 160.63 

Total previously reported, 364.07 

Total for the year, $ 524.70 

Iowa— $65.60 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Waterloo City and 

Waterloo Country (So. Waterloo), $ 65.60 

Michigan — $.10 

Cong.: Beaverton, .10 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers" Class 

(Heidelberg), 10.00 

Washington— $25.00 

Cong.: No. 92752 (Wenatchee Valley), .... 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 100.70 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 3, 


Total previously reported, 1,016.20 

Total for the year, $ 3,986.73 

Nebraska— $30.00 

S. S.: "Count On Me" Class (Bethel), ..$ 30.00 
New York— $10.00 

Indv.: Prof. & Mrs. C. C. Madeira, 10.00 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 15.00 

Virginia— $20.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 75.00 

Total previously reported, 520.42 

Total for the year, $ 595.42 

Illinois— $21.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Louisa (Waddams Grove) $ 21.00 
Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., Y. P. D.: Salem, 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $188.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: "Right Hand" (Big 
Swatara) $100; S. S.: Midway, $32.25; C. W. 
S.: Ephrata, $35, 167.25 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 32 (1st Al- 
toona), .... 17.50 

So. Dist., Junior Missy. Society (Ship- 

pensburg), 4.00 

Virginia— $30.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Cedar Grove (Cooks 
Creek), 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 264.75 

Total previously reported, 925.63 

Total for the year, $1,190.38 

California— $87.25 

No. Dist., Young People's Dept. (Modesto), $ 6.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Loyal Bible Class" 
(Pasadena) $50; " Friendship Bible Class " 

(Pasadena) $31, 81.00 

Kansas— $102.25 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. (Morrill), 35.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Conway Springs, $57.25; 
"Comrades Class" (Larned Rural) $10, .... 67.25 
Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: " Berean Bible Class" 
(Pipe Creek) $25; "Willing Workers" Class, 

Westminster (Meadow Branch) $25, 50.00 

North Dakota— $50.00 

S. S. : Kenmare, Surrey, Berthold and 

Minot, 50.00 

Ohio— $56.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Painter Creek, $50; S. S. : 
" Golden Rule " Class (Lower Stillwater) 

$6.25, 56.25 

Pennsylvania— 50.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. P. Keim & Wife 
(Harmonyville), 25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Young People's Bible 
Class" Beachdale (Berlin), 25.00 

Total for the month $ 395.75 

Total previously reported, 2,099.33 

Total for the year, $2,496.08 

Indiana— $50.63 

No. Dist., S. S. : Junior & Primary Classes 

(Union Center), $ 50.63 

Nebraska— $6.46 

S. S.: Children (Afton), 6.46 

North Dakota— $22.00 

S. S.: Primary Dept. (Zion), 22.00 

Oregon— $3.00 

Cong.: Lorena Tucker (Weston), 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $125.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: David E. Fox (Harrisburg) 
$100; D. V. B. S.: Richland, $25.70, 125.70 

Total for the year, $1,223.99 

Maryland— $8.50 
W. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $ 8.50 

Total for the month, $ 8.50 

Total previously reported, 69.73 

Total for the year, $ 78.23 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger & Fam. 
ily (Huntingdon), $ 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 25.00 

Total previously reported, 41.76 

Total for the year, $ 66.76 

Ohio— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A. E. S. (New Carlisle) ..$ 2.00 

.$ 2.00 

Total for the month, , 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 2.00 

Illinois— $35.62 

No. Dist., Cong.: No 92896 (Pine Creek), ..$ 35.62 
Iowa— $6.58 

So. Dist., S. S.: Salem, , 6.58 

Kansas— $41.56 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Verdigris, $16; Scott 
Valley, $8.20; Grenola, $9.75; Mont Ida, $7.61, 41.56 
Michigan— $.10 

Cong.: Beaverton, .10 

Ohio— $11.20 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, 11.20 

Total for the month, $ 95.06 

Total previously reported, 3,296.72 

Total for the year, $3,391.78 

California— $42.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Inglewood, $ 42.00 

Michigan— $5.12 

S. S.: Sugar Ridge, 5.12 

Ohio— $75.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Ashland Dickey, 75.00 

Total for the month $ 122.12 

Total previously reported, 277.06 

Total for the year $ 399.18 

Virginia— $1.00 

E. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Evergreen (Mt. 
Carmel), $ 1.00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

.$ i.oe 


Total for the year, $ 29.49 

Michigan — $.10 
Cong.: Beaverton, $ .10 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., Y. P. D.: Salem, 25.0C 

Virginia— $1.00 

E. Dist., D. V. B. S. : Evergreen (Mt. 
Carmel), 1.00 

Total for the month, $ 26.10 

Total previously reported, 25.15 

Total for the year, 



Total for the month -..$ 207.79 

Arizona— $9.70 

S. S. : " Standard Bearers " and " Workers 
for Jesus" Classes (Glendale), $ 9.70 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers" Class 

(McFarland), 6.25 

Missouri— $12.50 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: No. Bethel 12.50 

Pennsylvaniar— $93.75 

E. Dist., Y. P. D.: Bareville (Conestoga), 50.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Sunny Sisters" and 
" Willing Workers " Classes, Curryville 
(Woodbury), 25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Always There"' Class 

(Waynesboro), 18.75 

Washington — $25.00 

S. S.: Richland Valley, 25.00 

Total for the month $ 147.20 

Total previously reported, 903.70 

Total for the year, $1,050.90 

Cuba— $24.00 

Omaja Memorial Cong., $ 24.00 

Total for the month, $ 24.00 

Total previously reported, 110.50 

Total for the year, $ 134.50 

California— $49.77 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Light Bearers" Class 
(Oakland) $20; Covina, $14.77, $ 34.77 

So. Dist., Indv.: Brother & Sister Sheets, 15.00 
Colorado — $.60 

E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls' Class (Hax- 

tun) .60 

Indiana— $459.68 

No. Dist., S. S.: Cyrus Steele's Class (Mid- 
dlebury) $15.55; "Friendship" Class (1st So. 
Bend) $25; Y. P. D. of District, $419.13, .... 459.68 
Kansas— $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Keener 

(Walnut Valley), 5.00 

Michigan— $2.30 

S. S.: Lake View, 2.30 

Ohio— $44.02 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Goshen, $16.27; Un- 
known donor (Canton)) $20, 36.27 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Toledo, 7.75 

Pe nnsy 1 van ia— $45.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Amwell, $10; S. S. : 
Harmony ville, $22, 32.00 

W. Dist., Cong. : An Individual of Mt. Joy, 13.00 
Virginia— $1.00 

E. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Mountain Grove 
Chapel (Mt. Carmel), 1.00 

Total for the month, $ 607.37 

Total previously reported, 5,472.50 

Total for the year, $ 6,079.87 

Oregon— $16.20 

Cong.: Ashland, $13.50; Grants Pass, $2.70,$ 16.20 
Pennsylvania— $30.00 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: 1st Altoona, 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 46.20 

Total previously reported, 619.20 

Total for the year, $ 665.40 

Pennsylvania— $14.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: Easton (Peach Blossom), $ 14.25 

Total for the month, $ 14.25 

Total previously reported, 78.70 

Total for the year, $ 92.95 

Illinois— $30.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, $ 30.00 

Pennsylvania— $12.95 

E. Dist., S. S.: Ridgely, 12.95 

Total for the month, $ 42.95 

Total previously reported, 35.60 

Total for the year, $ 78.55 

California — $17.36 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $15; S. S. : Pat- 
terson, $2.36, $ 17.36 

Indiana — $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, $40; Bremen, 

$10, 50.00 

Michigan— $14.95 

Cong.: Woodland, 14.95 

Minnesota— $9.76 

Cong.: Lewiston, $4.65; S. S. : Lewiston, 

$5.11, 9.76 

Missouri— $26.41 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shelby County, 26.41 

Nebraska— $22.50 

Cong. : Omaha, 22.50 

Ohio— $125.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, 125.00 

Pennsylvania — $27.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, 22.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Rummel 5.00 

Virginia^ — $30.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Waynesboro, 30.00 

Washington— $20.00 

Cong.: Tacoma, , 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 342.98 

Total previously reported, 49,881.36 

Total for the year, $50,224.34 

Calif ornia— $1 .09 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elk Creek, $ 1.09 

Total for the month, $ 1.09 

Total previously reported, 140.07 

Total for the year, $ 141.16 

California— $428.57 

So. Dist., " Harmony Class " La Verne 
for Edward L. Brubaker, $18.75; La Verne 
Cong, for L. A. Blickenstaff & Wife and E. 
D. Vaniman & Wife, $109.82; Long Beach S. 

S. for Lucile Heckman, $300, $ 428.57 

Idaho— $244.86 

Congregations for Dr. D. L. Horning, $136.34; 

for Anetta C. Mow, $108.52, 244.86 

Illinois— $540.00 

So. Dist., Cerro Gordo S. S. for Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, $250; Individuals and S. S. of Okaw 
for J. Elmer Wagoner, $240; Aid Soc. Virden 

for Leah Ruth Ebey, $50, 540.00 

Indiana— $125.00 

Mid. Dist., Sunday Schools for Mabel W. 

Moomaw 125.00 

Iowa— $1,120.00 

Mid. Dist., Sunday Schools for Ruth Ulrey, 
$20; Dallas Center S. S. for Helser Budget, 
$450 470.00 

No. Dist., So. Waterloo S. S. for Jennie 
B. Miller, $250; C. W. S. and Aid Soc. So. 
Waterloo for A. S. B. Miller, $250; " Loyal 
Helpers " Class So. Waterloo for Josephine 
Miller, $50; Intermediate & Jr. Dept. So. 
Waterloo for Lorita Shull, $50; Primary Dept. 

So. Waterloo for Marjorie Miller, $50, 650.00 

Kansas— 603.91 

S. E. Dist., Aid Societies for Emma H. 
Eby, $10; Parsons S. S. for Emma H. Eby, 
$5.15, 15.15 

S. W. Dist., Congregations for F. H. Crum- 

packer 588.76 

Maryland— $515.05 

E. Dist., Westminster S. S. (Meadow 
Branch) for Ethel A. Roop, 15.05 

Mid. Dist., Hagerstown Cong, for H. J. 

and Ruth Brooks, 500.00 

Michigan— $20.79 

Primary Dept. Sugar Ridge for Daniel 
(Continued on Page 21) 








Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 






Spanhusvagen 3S, Malmb, 

Gravbill, J. F.. 1911 
Graybill, Alice Iff., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 


Ping Ting Hsien. Shansi, 

:er. Elizabeth. 1922 
Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
.ker, Marie V 

Cline, Iffary E., 1920 
H.llenberg. Ada D.. 
H llenberg, Tohn. 1926 
Florv, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
H rning, Martha D.. 1913 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Seese, Xorman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 
Schaeffer. Marv, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller. 1920 
Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 
Yaniman, Susie C., 1913 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Fman, Dr. Carl. 1921 
Coffman. Lulu L'llom, 1919 
Flory, Raymond. 1914 
Flory, Lizzie X., 1914 
Horning, Emma. 1903 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, E!iz. W.. 1916 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Senger. Nettie Iff., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper. V. Grace, 1917 
Florv, Bvron Iff., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisey, Walter J.. 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 

r, Minr.eva J., 1924 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. 
A., Shansi. China 

■beny, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberrv, Olivia Dickens, 
Peking, China, Yen Ching, 
School of Chinese Studies, 
5 Tung Ssu, Tao Tiao 
Ulrey, Ruth r., 1926 

On Furlough 

Bowman, Samuel B . 
Central Park Ave., Chi- 
cago, 111.. 1918 

Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 

Bright, J. Homer, 12 
Wayne St.. Xo. Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1911 

Bright, Minnie F., 1911 

Crumpacker, F. H., Elgin, 
111., 1908 

Crumpacker, Anna X., 1908 

Hutchison. Anna, Easton, 
M«L, 1911 

Myers, Minor M., Bridge- 
water, Ya., 1919 

Myers, Sara Z., 1919 

Sollenberger. O. C, Tip- 
pecanoe City. O.. care of 
T. W. Coppock 

Sollenberger, Haze. C, 1919 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 
Westminster, Md., R. 4, 
Bx. 92, 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Garkida, Nigeria, West Af- 
rica, via Jos & Numan 

Beahm, William M 

Beahm. Esther E . 

Flohr. Earl W.. 1926 

Flohr, Ella. 1926 

Gibbel, Dr. T. Paul. 
I el. Verda H.. 1926 

Harper, Clara, 1926 

Heckman, Clarence C 

Heckman, Luc:! 

Helser, Albert D.. 1922 

Helser. Lo'.a B . 1923 

Kulp, H. Stover. 1922 

Mallott, Floyd. 1924 
sler, Sai '.926 
On Furlourjh 

Maijott, Ruth ' 
F. D., Greenville, Oh 
I G. Blocher. 

Burke. D-. II 
Walkerton. Ind. 

Burke. M 

Ahw-a, Dangs, India 

Garner, H. P., 1916 

Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Shull, Chalmer, 1919 

Shull, Mary S., 1919 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., 1903 

Long. Erne V., 1903 

Miller, Sadie J., 1903 

Moomaw, I. W., 1923 

Moomaw, Mabel 

Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Alley, Howa: I L . 

Alley, Z.. 1917 

BlickenstatL Lynn A.. 1Q20 

BhckenstafT, Iffary P., 1920 

Cott.ell D-. A Raymond, 


Ccttrell. Dr Laura Iff., 1913 
Kintner, Klizabeth, 1919 
Mohler. 'ennie, 1916 
Kc '• r'bel, 1926 
Shumate r, Ida C, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 

Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 192S 
Xickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer. B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Mow, Baxter Iff. 1923 
Blow, Anna Beahm, 1923 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina Iff., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Hollenberg, Fred Iff., 1919 
berg, Xora R., 1919 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Xettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. Iff., 1903 
Blough. Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J., 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F., 1924 
Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, Yerna Iff. Cer- 

ro Gordo, 111., 191", 
Brumbaugh, Anna B . Hart- 

ville, O., 1919 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 
Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago. 111.. 
Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 
Ebev, A'iam, N. Manches- 
ter. Ind., c/o College, 1900 
Alice K., 1900 
ey, D. L., LaVerne, 
Calif-, 1897 
oey, Anna Iff., 1897 
Hoffert, A. T., 3435 Yan 
Buren St., Chicago, 111., 
Miller, Arthur S. B., 3435 
Yan Buren St., Chicago, 
111., 1919 
Miller. Jennie B., 1919 
Replogle, Sara, Xew Enter- 
Pa., 1919 


Church jf the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Wampler, Xelie, 1922 
Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 

.r.ger, Florence, 1922 



Please Notice. — Postage on tetters to our missionaries is 
thereof and 3c for each a !d;tional ounce or fraction. 

for each ounce or fraction 






Insurance Bequests 

7% is is Something New 

For hundreds of years making" a will late in life and leaving 
something thereby for the use of the Church has been cus- 
tomary. Now a new plan is making strong headway. 

Bequest Insurance 

A regular insurance policy is written by some strong com- 
pany, the one insured pays the premium either for life or a 
certain number of years. At death the face amount of the 
policy is paid to such parts of the work of the church of 
one's choice as may be designated in the policy. In case 
of an endowment policy it is paid over at the end of a term 
of say 10, 15 or 20 years— even if the insured lives. 

It is noteworthy that a large insurance company— the 
Equitable Life — set aside a week in December, 1926, and 
instructed its 10,000 agents to specialize in selling insurance 
in which church and charitable objects will be benefited. 

This plan of benefiting the work of the church will appeal 
to many. It may be the only possible way such ones can 
do something worth-while for their beloved Church, as 
the premium payments over a number of years are easier 
to pay than to try and build up a fortune to leave by will 
with all the uncertainties of losses and gains throughout 

Those interested in our Annuity Plan, who think they cannot get 
together enough to make it worth-while, may be able to work 
out a good plan under Bequest Insurance. We make no public 
recommendations as to this but can get literature for those inter- 
ested. Please ask for Booklet V217. 

("eiveral Mission. Board 






Church of the 'Brethren 

Vol. XXIX 

February, 1927 

No. 2 


Kingdom Difficulties in China - 

Closing the Year Honorably 

Slave Trade and Missions 

Embassadors for Christ in Africa 

Work of Greene County Industrial Schoolgirls 

Aid Society Gleanings 

How the Ball Keeps Rolling 

Charles D. Bonsack 

- /. W. Lear 


Earl W. Flohr 

Nelie Wampler 

Junior League African Handwork 

Floyd and Ruth Mallott 
Edited by Minna Hec\man 







OTHO WINGER, President, North Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, Waterloo, 
Iowa, 1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1927. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. 1, 1930. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1931. 


CHARLES D. BONSACX, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

The date indicates the year when Board Members' terms expire. 
All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin. II 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
four dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give four dollars or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who thev know will be 
interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE ENTERED UNLESS 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more. 
no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be 
sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



More than 1,000 copies sold the first month. 

" The style is as interesting as the matter is enlightening.'" — Edward 


" I have found the book a real inspiration." — C. H. Shamberger. 

" It is written as interestingly as a novel and is illustrated by many 

pictures." — Oak Leaves of Manchester College. 

" In Sunny Nigeria " is the Mission Study text for Africa study 

during January to March. 

Price, $1.50 
Special price in quantities of ten 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIX 

Februray, 1927 

No. 2 



Closing the Year Honorably, By J. W. Lear, 34 

Kingdom Difficulties in China, By Charles D. Bonsack, 35 

Slave Trade and Missions, 36 

Greene County Domestic Arts, By Xelie Wampler, r ...38 

Embassadors for Christ in Africa, By Hilda Flohr Straver and Oscar S. 

Miller, 39 

China Notes for November, By Marie Brubaker, 41 

India Notes, Bv Tennie Mohler. Xettie B. Summer. Anetta C. Mow. and 

Beulah M. Woods, 43 

Africa Notes for September and October, By William Beahm, 50 


Missionary News, 46 


Aid Society Gleanings, 49 

the junior missionary- 
How the Ball Keeps Rolling, 51 

Our Black Brothers, 53 

Here's Your Game, 54 

The Prize Winners, 54 

Junior League African Handwork, By Ruth and Floyd Mallott, 55 



Alvin Cline had his automobile burned in 
the Greene County barn just after taking up 
work there. His associates in the work, chal- 
lenged by his need, contributed enough 
money — some a whole month's salary — to re- 
place the car. Bro. Cline, realizing the need 
of human souls, turned the money into the 
mission treasury. 

One of our missionaries, home on furlough 
from India, received extensive medical atten- 
tion at the hands of a Chicago surgeon who 
is at the top of his line in the surgical pro- 

fession. Three months later the missionary 
asked for her bill, to which the doctor re- 
plied : " That was paid when you started to 
India." .jt .jj 

In Africa, in the very section where we 
work, Arab slave raiders prior to the day of 
missions would burn villages at night, kill the 
old men, and carry off the able negroes for 
slaves. They were driven to the coast, herded 
into the foul, suffocating holds of ships, and 
conveyed to foreign slave markets. Thank 
God, this is changed since missionaries have 
been sent with the Gospel message! 

34 The Missionary Visitor Fe ^ ary 



I well remember hearing in my boyhood days the ministers say that the * 

" word of a member of the Brethren church is as good as his bond." My % 

mother in endeavoring to teach her children the value of veracity and honesty % 

would often quote that same statement. % 

The Brethren had this reputation among dealers and business men gener- 
ally, and many times have I overheard men say about our people, " If that ♦£ 
man owes you you will get your money; he is a member of the Brethren 
church." This is an enviable reputation for anybody, and our people came 
into this relationship, not because they were members of a certain church, but 
because they as a group lived that sort of life. In other words, they earned 
the title by virtue of their behavior. J£ 

It is very essential that this generation carry on their business relations 
according to that same rule. In this day of grab and greed, society needs 
a larger group of people who think more of principle than of self. We will 
JJ do well as a church to continue diligently this teaching and practice. 

* Obligations with the Lord should be just as sacredly kept as those with 

our fellows. Don't you think so? What is our obligation to him? That 
would be hard to compute. Much more than we pay I am sure. But here 
is a concrete case. Suppose we look at it a bit: 

At Winona Lake, Ind., in 1925, our Conference delegates decided on |* 

a program of work for the Lord which required $382,775 to promote. This J 

amount was to be raised in 1926-27. The delegates from the fifty Districts J 

and delegates from the various churches approved the amount and we call J 

it our Conference Budget. The fiscal year ends Feb. 28. The question is, J 

will the same principle be applied on an obligation of this kind? What will % 

our Father think of us if we agree to spend a certain sum for his cause and % 

then grow indifferent about meeting it? & 

In order to meet this obligation as Christian people would like to do, |* 

we are requesting churches in our Brotherhood to make the month of February, J 

and especially the third Sunday, a time of prayer for the consecration and j 

sacrifice that will balance the account without a deficit. We cannot meet this % 

worthy obligation without the help of all. It would not be fair for some % 

others to do your share. All together is the slogan. Let us make good with *£ 

God the reputation we have among men. The time is February. Let the third % 

Sunday of February be a red-letter day; a day of rejoicing that we have J£ 

successfully met the demands of the Conference budget. \ 

When sending your remittance designate it for the Conference Budget, 
and send to Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer, 22 So. State St., Elgin, 111. 

J. W. Lear. 








The Missionary Visitor 


Kingdom Difficulties in China 


Secretary General Mission Board 

A CHINESE University student asked 
us why it seemed so easy to do wrong 
and required effort to do right. I 
told him that this is one reason why I be- 
lieve the Bible to be from God. Its message 
is verified in nature. Weeds and thistles 
grow without cultivation, but the life-giving 
grains require an uptorn soil, selected seed, 
and the untiring skill of the husbandman to 
produce a crop. Just why it is so has never 
been explained better than in the words of 
Jesus, "An enemy hath done this." There- 
fore, some of us can never expect to see 
many coming with open arms to find the 
Savior of men, nor selfish human nature 
without reluctance yielding to the claims of 
Christ. In fact, this is the glory of the fight 
for right and God — that it requires the best 
that is in us, and through him we shall not 
lose the battle. 

But in some places the battle seems harder 
than in others. Likely it is more seeming 
than real. It may be only a challenge to bet- 
ter tactics in the fight, or the call for us to 
secure orders from Headquarters, where the 
strategy of Heaven is at our command. But 
China does seem to have some difficulties 
which are baffling to those of us in the West. 
Perhaps we shall do well to recognize them 
as we face our task in this part of the Orient. 
First of all, we must recognize the con- 
flict of culture between China and the West. 
Here is a nation whose history can record a 
thousand years for every hundred in Amer- 
ica ; the only nation in the world so little 
touched by Western ways and thought life. 
They do most things different; that's all 
there is to it. In writing their names, they 
write the family name first, and did it long 
before we knew its convenience in America 
for a telephone directory! They prefer a 
hard bed to Western springs to sleep on. 
They begin to read a book where we finish. 
The ladies wear trousers and men long 
gowns. They built walls around their country 
and about their cities to protect them from 
their enemies, and their wars were harmless 
until — until the human passion in their na- 
tures secured the tragic weapons of death 
from the West. What a strange commentary 

on the nations that have taken upon them 
the name of the Prince of Peace! 

This very difference in customs and 
thought-life, through a most difficult lan- 
guage, makes communication difficult. You 
are never sure that you are understood, even 
when you think you know the language. 
Words are treacherous things, even among 
those of us with a common language and 
thought-life. Endless arguments have been 
caused by them. Churches have divided. 
Families have been rent asunder. So one can 
easily see the difficulty when the back- 
ground of thought is so different. 

Then there are customs fixed through the 
centuries that make the work difficult. 
Women are kept in seclusion. Since Christ 
restored what was lost in the fall in Eden, 
women have always been first to give ear 
to this Gospel message. They can be reached 
successfully only by women, and there will 
be a large need for women in this work for 
years ahead. But perhaps one of the most 
difficult customs to deal with in the cities 
and towns, is the absence of so many fam- 
ilies from the head of the house. In one of 
our stations the other day we visited five 
different merchants. They are splendid, 
agreeable fellows who have helped to build 
one of our hospitals ; but not one of them 
had his family with him. They go home 
but once or twice a year. This makes a 
broken and shifting family. It separates the 
elements of which homes are made. It 
tends to all kinds of immorality. Again, the 
family consists of grandparents and all 
married sons. Girls trained in Christian 
living have little hope of a Christian husband 
when the marriage is determined by the 
father on the basis of $300 more or less ! The 
struggle of many who would be Christians in 
this family clan, where parents must be re- 
spected, is most difficult indeed. 

Then of course there is the religious back- 
ground of these thousands of years, where 
the only motive in worship was materialistic. 
Their worship was only an offering for crops, 
for relief from sickness and disease; per- 
chance for a son ! It is not easy to get the 
spiritual consciousness of a heavenly Father 


The Missionary Visitor 


into such materialistic worshipers at once; 
especially when this material devotion is so 
common to humanity, and made doubly so 
to these Chinese countrymen who must 
struggle to live on $50 per year and keep 
their families. We believe their hearts are 
just as hungry for God, but the struggle for 
bread and the heritage of the past are a 
matter to be reckoned with. 

But there is great hope in it all. " Where 
sin doth abound, there grace doth much more 
abound." The simplicity and frugality of life 
in North China have made a background of 
character. Character must be regenerated 
by the Spirit of the Living God ! The light 
is breaking. The other day a good old Chris- 
tian said, " I don't know much, only that Je- 
sus saved me." What a message to some of 
us who know more — and yet so much less ! 
A Christian of many years said, when asked 
if the foreign missionary might retire, "Not 
yet; we need you to teach us what real 
Christianity is; we don't know yet." And 
here is our task. It is difficult. It cannot be 
done in a day; neither Can it be done by 
those who know not the Lord in actual ex- 

perience and faith. Whatever the Chinese 
do not know, they do know human nature 
and look right through us. They know the 
genuine from the superficial. While they 
worship at the feet of culture, they also know 
that their culture of the past has not brought 
peace and life. Chaos and uncertainty are 
likely to exist here 'until the life that comes 
alone from the Son of God is theirs ! 

There is, perhaps, no more baffling mis- 
sionary problem in the world than in China. 
But Christianity can never reach its glory 
until this problem is met. To meet it suc- 
cessfully will do the church as much good 
as it will do for China. It may take a 
renovation of our Western thought. It will 
likely require a new hold on the dynamic of 
Calvary. It might bring some embarrassment 
to our pride of civilization. But whatever 
it costs, is it not worth it a thousand times to 
help bring the oldest and biggest nation on 
earth into the knowledge of the Living 
Christ, so that here his blessing may rest on 
all who believe and trust him? 

Written from Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, 

Slave Trade and Missions 

For Use in Africa Mission Study 

ONE would fain forget the unspeakable 
horrors of " the middle passage," 
where, in the stifling hold of a small 
vessel, human beings were packed like dead 
freight, that neither eats, nor drinks, nor 
breathes. Yet it is worth while to recall 
that missionaries have exerted no small 
influence in bringing to an end the traffic 
in human flesh in its last strongholds of 
Africa. The system is not dead, but great 
expanses of territory have been forever 
closed to the Moslem slave-raider. The 
voice of the missionary has ever been pow- 
erful to arouse the public to the duty of 
holding the slaver in check, because, as a 
pioneer of a religion of love, he notes and 
reports the horrors practiced where pure 
selfishness rules. 

We learn something of the slave trade 
now carried on by Moslem Arabs from the 
pages of modern travelers. November 24, 
1883, H. M. Stanley was steaming up the 
Congo on his way to Stanley Falls, not far 
from the mouth of the Werre as it comes 

in from the north ; he looked for the town 
of Mawembe, which he had passed in his 
first voyage down the river. The site was 
there, the clearing in the forest, and the 
white paths up the banks, but not a house 
or living thing was to be seen. The palisade 
had disappeared. The leaves of the banana 
trees were scorched and their stems black- 
ened, showing the effects of the fire that 
had wiped out the town a few days before. 
Three days later he sent a boat to ascertain 
what slate-colored object was floating down 
stream, and found the bodies of two women 
bound together with cords. This tragedy 
had taken place only twelve hours before. 
Soon after he came in sight of the horde 
of banditti, 300 strong, with a like number 
of domestic slaves and women. Sixteen 
months had they been engaged in their work 
of slaughter. They had desolated a region 
of 34,570 square miles, just 2,000 square miles 
larger than Ireland; 118 villages in 43 dis- 
tricts had been destroyed, containing at 
least 118,000 people, and all they had to 



The Missionary Visitor 


show as the result of these sixteen months 
of slaughter over so extensive a region was 
a wretched, ragged, and starving crowd of 
2,300 women and children, with not one 
grown-up man among them. Five expedi- 
tions in all had already carried as many 
captives away as these possessed. To obtain 
these 2,300 they must have shot 2,500 men, 
while 1,300 more had perished by the way 
from hunger and despair. On an average, 
six persons had been killed to obtain each 
puny child in the encampment. The slaves 
were fettered in groups of twenty chained 
together; such fruits as could be found were 
thrown down before each gang, to fight 
for as they might, and the odors and abomi- 
nations of the crowded camp were simply 
horrible. The bones of many stared through 
the skin that hung in flabby wrinkles. He 
adds, "How small a number of them will 
see the end of their journey, God only 
knows!" The process of their capture is 
as horrid as their condition, when Mr. 
Stanley saw them, was full of misery. The 
Arab steals up stealthily at midnight 
through the darkness to the doomed town; 
no p^und save the chirping of insects dis- 
turbs the sleepers, till suddenly the torch is 
applied on all sides, and in the light of the 
flames of the grass roofs of the houses, the 
deadly musket shoots down the men as fast 
as they appear. Many succeed in reaching 
the shelter of the woods, but the women 
and children are seized and carried off. Mr. 
Stanley estimated that the result of the 
slaughter was only two per cent of the 
previous population, and that even that was 
reduced to one per cent before they reached 
their destination. 

This account of the great explorer is con- 
firmed by the following from a letter of 
Rev. J. A. Bain. His station is in Ukukwi 
at Maindu, 35 miles northwest of Lake 
Nyassa, on the Kiwira River. He writes : 
"At daybreak, March 15, we were awakened 
by a number of shots fired in rapid succes- 
sion ; we were told it was Mereri with two 
bands of Arabs. The surprise was complete. 
More than thirty women with babes and 
several girls were captured. The men, only 
half awake, tried to defend their wives and 
children, but were driven back by the mur- 
derous firing. The Arabs entrenched them- 
selves in a bamboo stockade, then glutted 
their lust on their captives. Two children, 

whose weeping over the dead bodies of their 
mothers disturbed the orgies, were flung into 
the flames of a burning house. The two 
following days were spent in plundering 
and destroying the village. The cattle are 
Mereri's. The women are claimed by the 
Arabs, who will sell them when they tire of 
them. They left, after burning everything 
that could be burned." 

Livingstone, in his " Last Journals " gives 
some account of the brutalities on the road. 
June 19, 1866, he passed a woman tied by 
the neck to a tree and dead; she could not 
keep up with the rest, and in order that 
she should not become the property of an- 
other she was thus despatched. Dr. Living- 
stone saw others tied up in the same way, 
and one lying in the path in a pool of 
blood. June 26 he passed another woman 
lying dead in the road. Bystanders told 
how an Arab had killed her early that 
morning, in anger that he must lose the 
money paid for her, because she was too 
exhausted to walk any further. His " Last 
Journals," pp. 383-386, gives an account of 
a merciless and unprovoked massacre of 
hundreds of native women and others. 

As to the guilt of Mohammedans in con- 
nection with the slave trade, Cardinal 
Lavigerie is very outspoken, and for thirty 
years he has been in constant intercourse 
with them. He says (Missionary Herald, 
1888, 561): 

1. "I do not know in Africa a Moslem 
state whose ruler does not permit, and often 
himself practice on his own subjects, and 
in ways barbarously atrocious, the hunting 
and sale of slaves. 

2. " It is only Moslems who ravage Africa 
by slave raids and slave trading. 

3. " Where the slave trade is prohibited 
by Christian powers, I do not know a Mo- 
hammedan who does not advocate slavery 
and declare himself ready to buy or sell 
Negro slaves. 

4. " I know personally in Asiatic Turkey, 
and in that part of Africa under the Otto- 
man Sultan, many places where the slave 
trade and the passage of the sad caravans 
take place with the complicity of Turkish 

5. " Never to my knowledge has any 
mufti or teacher of the Koran protested 
against this infamous traffic. On the con- 
trary, in their conversation they recognize 


The Missionary Visitor 


it as authorized by the Koran for true 
believers as regards infidels. • 

6. " Never to my knowledge has any cadi 
or Moslem judge pronounced a judgment 
which implied the condemnation of slavery, 
but all have sided with the teachers and 
expounders of the Koran." 

In conclusion, we cannot more than 
barely allude to the unutterable beastliness, 
as well as cruelty, of these Moslem slave 
traders, in connection with the mutilation 
of boys, for, though the vast majority die 
after the operation, yet, as the market 

value of the survivors is greater on account 
of it than would have been the price of 
the whole, the horrid work goes on wher- 
ever the Moslem power is still unchecked. 
The great center of the slave trade is now 
in the regions of the Niger, in the Fulani 
territories, and the Sokoto Empire. Brit- 
ish power is slowly advancing and enforcing 
its prohibition of slave-raiding in those 
regions, and this infamous commerce must 
soon come to an end, never to be revived 
while Christianity lives. — From " Encylo- 
pedia of Missions," Dwight, Tupper & Bliss. 

Greene County Domestic Arts 

Greene County Industrial School Girls Excel in Cooking and Sewing 


DURING the past year a number of 
girls at the Greene County Indus- 
trial School, Geer, Va., have taken 
part in the club work of the county and State. 
Six of the girls completed the four years' 
work as outlined by the State 4H Club Work. 
A number of cash prizes and ribbons were 
won in both county and State prizes. 

Following is a list of the winners in the 
Bread and Clothing Clubs : 

County Prizes 

Margaret Lucas, first prize, baking powder bis- 
cuits, 75c. 

Carrie Shiflet, second prize, baking powder bis- 
cuits, 50c. 

Carrie Shiflet, third prize, soda biscuits, 25c. 

Carrie Shiflet, first prize, corn muffins, 75c. 

Delia Shealer, third prize, corn muffins, 25c. 

Maggie Lawson, second prize, table runner, 75c. 

Ruby Mae Morris, first prize, second year dress, $1. 

Ruby Mae Morris, first prize, princesse slip, $1. 

Blanche Miller, second prize, dress, 75c. 

Blanche Miller, second prize, princesse slip, 75c. 

Blanche Miller, second prize, clothing record book, 50c. 

Nellie Shiflet, third prize, princesse slip, 50c. 

Delia Shiflet, first prize, first-year clothing record 
book, 75c. 

Carrie shiflet, third prize, second-year clothing 
record book, 25c. 

Elizabeth Miller, first prize, fourth-year clothing 
record book, 75c. 

Amy Shiflet, third prize, fourth- year clothing record 
book, 25c. 

Catherine Forester, first prize, fourth year dress, $1.50 

Catherine Forester, third prize, fourth year laundry 
bag, 50c. 

Elizabeth Miller, first prize, fourth year suit of 
underwear, $2. 

Delia Shiflet, second prize, princesse slip, 75c. 

State Prizes Won at the State Fair at Richmond, Va. 

Nellie Shiflet, first prize, loaf of light bread, $1. 

Catherine Forester, clothing, $2. 

Lucy Bailey, third prize, on record book, 25c. 

These girls are proving their ability to 
cope with any others in the country. Our 
highest purpose for them is that they may go 
out into life prepared to be better home- 
makers, which is the first principle of citi- 
zenship. Many of the girls are learning to 
care for their wardrobes, such as mending, 
cleaning and pressing. 

Our boarding-school girls are required to 
take lessons in sewing and cooking, of course, 
but it is difficult to enroll many of the girls 
of the community. There is a splendid op- 
portunity to teach them some of the things 
that go to make life easier and happier. 


Christ was a home missionary, in the 
house of Lazarus. 

Christ was a foreign missionary, when 
the Greeks came to him. 

Christ was a city missionary, when he 
taught in Samaria. 

Christ was a children's missionary, when 
he took them in his arms and blessed them. 

Christ was a missionary to the poor, when 
he opened the eyes of the blind beggar. 

Christ was a missionary to the rich, when 
he opened the spiritual eyes of Zaccheus. 

Even on the Cross, Christ was a mission- 
ary to the robber, and his last command was 
the missionary commission. — Amos R. Wells. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Embassadors for Christ in Africa 

Earl W. Flohr 


Earl Wilbur Flohr 

ARL is the only son of Lewis B. and 
Anna E. Flohr of Vienna, Va. He was 
born at Fountain Dale, Adams County, 
Pa., Jan. 23, 1894. 
He has a younger 
sister, Hilda Flohr 
Strayer of Vienna, 
Va., and a foster 
sister, Eva Flohr 
Miller, Oakton, Va. 
Like all first- 
born, he was (to 
his parents) the 
greatest baby ever 
born. As a child of 
three years he 
stood on the church 
bench by his moth- 
er and imitated the gestures of the minister, 
and on the way home, in the open spring wa- 
gon, puzzled his mother by blowing as one 
blows at a candle to extinguish it. Inquiry 
revealed that he was trying to " blow out the 

He was industrious, ambitious and inven- 
tive. In school he succeeded well, his ele- 
mentary work being done in the Vienna 
public school. He completed his college pre- 
paratory work in three years at Hebron Sem- 
inary, Xokesville, Va., entered Bridgewater 
College in 1912, and graduated in 1916, the 
honor student of his class, making a general 
average rarely equalled or surpassed. 

He received the master of arts degree at 
Clark University, Worcester, Mass., in 1922, 
majoring in psychology, and has done con- 
siderable work on his doctorate at Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., while 
teaching at Blue Ridge College, New Wind- 
sor, Md. 

From 1919 to 1921 he was employed by the 
General Sunday School Board as director of 
religious education in the State of Maryland. 
From 1922 to 1926 he has been professor of 
psychology at Blue Ridge College. 

Earl joined the church at the age of twelve, 
was called to the ministry in 1918 at Bridge- 
water, Va., and ordained to the eldership in 


the Pipe Creek 
Sept. 6, 1926. 

congregation, Maryland, 

Sept. 7, 1916, marked the happy culmina- 
tion of a college friendship of four years, 
when Ella E. Miller became his wife. Their 
home has been blessed with two children, 
Julia Ann and Lewis Benton, now eight and 
five years of age, respectively. 

For the past three years he has been iden- 
tified with the Young People's Movement 
in Maryland, and the last Young People's 
Summer Conference at Blue Ridge College 
decided that the young people of Maryland 
would assume his support on the Africa mis- 
sion field. 

" Prof.," as the students at the college 
called him, was everyone's friend on the cam- 
pus. Many students came to him with their 
personal problems. In the classroom they 
considered him a most interesting teacher. 

How Earl came to decide for Africa is 
interesting. His parents had the missionary 
outlook. They had worked with Alice Boone 
and J. Edson Ulery in the Brooklyn Mission 
in its early days. They had helped to teach 
John Caruso to speak English and helped to 
start the Italian Sunday-school. They had 
planned from Earl's infancy that he should 
be a medical missionary, and when he gradu- 
ated from college wanted him to attend Johns 
Hopkins Medical School. This did not appeal 
to h.'m, so he was allowed to accept a scholar- 
ship in psychology at Clark University. Dur- 
ing the summer of 1925, while assisting in the 
Maryland Young People's Conference at Blue 
Ridge College, where the slogan was " Fifty 
young people in the Church of the Brethren 
this year to take Christ seriously," and where 
the spirit of consecration was working won- 
derfully, he was seized with the conviction 
that he ought to be in more active service 
for the Master. He and his wife talked the 
matter over and decided to follow him wher- 
ever he might lead. They prayed constantly 
for God's definite leading. 

In February, 1926, Earl was called to help 
in a Bible Institute at Elizabethtown College. 
Stover Kulp was there also, giving Spirit- 


The Missionary Visitor 


filled, inspiring messages from Africa. On 
the third night of the institute, while Bro. 
Kulp was making a stirring appeal for help 
in the Dark Continent, Earl felt God's direct 
call, and knew that he was being led to the 
black man's land. From that time they 

pressed forward, never doubting the call, 
made application to the board, were accepted 
and confirmed at the Lincoln Conference. 

Earl goes well prepared for the work and 
willing to work at anything the Garkida 
Mission may ask him to do. 

Ella Miller Flohr 

Ella Miller Flohr 

THE subject of this sketch was born at 
Bridgewater, Rockingham County, 
Va., Oct. 30, 1887. She was the fifth 
in a family of eight 
children who came 
to the home of Eld. 
Hiram G. Miller 
and Julia Ann 
Wright Miller. At 
this time, and a 
number of years 
afterward, her fa- 
ther lived on a 
farm, so young Ella 
had opportunities 
of learning how to 
do almost every- 
thing. She attended 
the public school and then took her turn help- 
ing mother several years, while the older girls 
were in school. In 1903 she entered the pre- 
paratory department of Bridgewater Col- 
lege and continued her work there, complet- 
ing the college course in 1911. She then 
taught in the Timberville High School, Va. 
She returned to Bridgewater College as head 
of the history department and for four years 
taught and pursued advanced work. During 
vacations she took summer school work at 
University of Virginia, Harrisonburg Teach- 
ers' College, and University of Pennsylvania, 
and received the A. M. degree from Bridge- 
water College in 1915. 

She taught one more year in college, and 
in September, 1916, was married to Earl W. 
Flohr. After little Julia Ann and Lewis 
Benton came into the home her time and 
energies were devoted mostly to their in- 
terests ; however, for the past two years she 
has been teaching language in the New 
Windsor High School, New Windsor, Md. 
Her parents came of good Brethren stock, 
and in their home Christian ideals were not 

only taught, but exemplified. Her father, 
from her earliest memory, was one of those 
men who rode horseback and drove a buggy 
into the Alleghany Mountains to tell the 
story of love. It is no wonder that Ella 
gave her heart to Christ at twelve years. It 
was under the influence of S. N. McCann 
and Wilbur Stover when they visited Bridge- 
water College that a desire to go to benight- 
ed lands took possession of her heart. She 
became a Volunteer at seventeen, and was 
firm in her intention to serve on the foreign 
field if God should so lead. Ever since she 
has been an enthusiastic worker in Sunday- 
school and Vacation Bible Schools. When 
Earl was approached by the General Sun- 
day School Board to become one of its 
field workers, she consented, feeling that 
perhaps, after all, their place might be in 
the growing field of religious education in 
the homeland. Later, however, when this 
work was no longer sponsored by the Gen- 
eral S. S. Board, Earl turned to the teach- 
ing profession, and she felt at times that 
perhaps they were not just where God 
wanted them. She felt the insistent urge to 
more active service where the need was so 
much more acute than here in the homeland, 
and during the summer of 1925 they prayed 
definitely for the Lord to lead them there if 
he wanted them. The call came from Africa 
in February, 1926, and her heart rejoiced to 
know that at last her cherished ambition 
was to be realized. 

Ella is a thorough, consistent worker, who 
gives her best to a task. She is eager to get 
to the field and enter upon the work. Little 
Julia Ann and Lewis Benton are also eager 
to go to the land of little black boys and 
girls. May the Great Father protect and keep 
them there and bless the black people with a 
living example of how a Christian home 
may live the Jesus way. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Marie Brubaker 
Ping Ting 

The Ping Ting Church of the Brethren is respon- 
sible for the evangelization of 450,000 people. About 
one in every thousand of these have entered the 
church through baptism. These are scattered around 
at various centers over a territory embracing two 
counties. These several Christian communities are 
just now like flocks of sheep without a shepherd. 
Most of them are simple-hearted country folk, who 
believe what they hear. The anti-Christian propa- 
ganda has come to their ears before they are firmly 
founded in the Christian doctrine. For some reason 
or other we have no pastors at these centers and 
no men trained to do the work properly. The re- 
sult is that many of the Christians at these places 
are simply bewildered. There was no one to com- 
fort and enlighten them in the difficult hour, and 
so you can imagine the result. Our Ping Ting 
church has only one man trained well enough to be 
a pastor over these people He is needed very 
badly here in the city church. He visited the coun- 
try Christians a couple of times during the year. 
We need several thousand dollars and a definite 
program to train fifteen or twenty pastor evangel- 
ists in the next five or ten years for our Ping Ting 
territory alone. May this need have your earnest 
prayer and consideration. 

We have a month's Bible class in session now for 
all Christians in our territory who care to attend 
and learn more about Jesus, the Bible, and the 
church. We tried to make the financial side of the 
undertaking as easy as possible for those who might 
want to attend, even making it cheaper than for 
them to live at home. Only about six or eight 
came out. We ought to have fifteen or twenty, for 
the class was well announced. However, we are so 
glad for the few that have come. Their interest is 
splendid. We are convinced that they will have a 
much deeper spiritual life when they return to their 
homes. This is what most of our Christians, in- 
cluding us missionaries, need. 

It will soon be getting too cold for the work in 
the evangelistic tents. This work will close Dec. 2. 
Many people have heard the Gospel during these last 
three months. This tent method is a splendid way 
of sowing the Seed. Much of the good is lost be- 
cause we do not have trained pastors scattered over 
the country to do the follow-up work. But where 
God's Word is preached in the power of the Holy 
Spirit there will be fruits. 

Dec. 10 is the time set for the opening of the Bible 
class for those who are applicants for baptism this 
winter. The dates set for our baptism and com- 
munion services are Dec. 22 and 23. We are sorry 
that the General Mission Board's deputation to the 
mission fields feels it necessary to leave us before 
that time. We do not know for sure how many 
applicants there will be, though not such a large 
number, as thirty-three were baptized earlier in the 
fall, and we are planning to have a special baptism 
service for the schools about Easter time. 

The future of the Christian church in China is 
still very uncertain. Only one in a thousand have 
joined it. Perhaps the majority of these are only 
nominal church members. The church is just now 
passing through a testing time. The church in 
America and we missionaries on the field dare not 
think of slackening our efforts. If we do it may 
mean the death knell of the Christian church in 
China after a couple of generations. Some think the 
Chinese church is already firmly planted in Chinese 
soil. If so, then it is much as prohibition is firmly 
planted on American soil. We need more money, of 
course, but what we need most of -ill is more 
prayer, more love, a deeper spiritual life and a 
greater unity of faith in Christ Jesus, our Lord. 

We were made glad this month by the safe arrival 
of Mr. John Hollenberg, who is to teach the English 
in our high school while Miss Cline is home on 
furlough. Leland Brubaker went to Tientsin to meet 
him, and though traveling conditions are anything 
but ideal in this part of war-ridden China, they 
arrived safely. Mr. Brubaker did the coast buying 
for the mission this trip, and since it is impossible 
to check anything now he brought the baggage 
right on the train. Altogether they had nine big 
pieces, eight of which they took into the car with 
them. And the big trunk rode in an open coal car 
and furnished seats for several Chinese who were 
riding in the car. »» 

Thanksgiving was celebrated by foreigners and 
Chinese together at the Sunday morning service the 
first Sunday in November. On the morning set 
the Chinese brought offerings of grain, pumpkins, 
eggs, or whatever the Lord had given them, and 
placed them in front of the pulpit. Pastor Yin 
preached the Thanksgiving sermon and exhorted 
all to give greater thanks to God for his goodness 
to us. Those who did not have grain or something 
of that kind gave money. The proceeds and the 
collection all go to a fund that is to help care for 
the poor and needy ones in the church. The for- 
eigners celebrated our American Thanksgiving with a 
dinner together, and in the evening had a praise 
and prayer service, thanking the Lord for his 
goodness to us during the past year. 

We have, indeed, cause to be grateful that our 
work is not more disturbed than it is by the un- 
settled conditions all about us. Every day we hear 
of new outrages against Chinese and foreigners by 
the bandit bands that are everywhere in China. 
Just a few weeks ago the brother of one of our 
girls, who formerly taught for us in Shou Yang, 
was captured by bandits and his parents were 
forced to pay fifteen hundred dollars to get him 
released. This meaut they must go in debt and 
are paying exorbitant interest. This is only one 
instance of how the people are suffering from the 
constant warring in their country. 


The Seese children have been in quarantine all 
the month because of measles. All four of them 
had the disease, but are practically over it now. 
Mrs. Vaniman and Miss Clapper have been up a 
little this month, though neither is much improved. 
We hope so much that they will soon be restored 


The Missionary Visitor 


to their former good health, and thus be able to 
take up their duties again. 

Tai Yuan 

The first of the month Miss Dunning and Mrs. 
Seese were here on business. We are always glad to 
have members of our mission family with us. 

Nov. 2 the crown prince and princess of Sweden 
were in Tai Yuan. While they were here the mis- 
sionaries had a chance to meet them and shake 
hands with them. ^ 

On Nov. 8 Bro. Bonsack and Bro. Yoder arrived 
in Tai Yuan. Bro. Harlan Smith came with them 
from Ping Ting. Another very unusual thing hap- 
pened—it poured. Generally after the rainy season 
of August it does not rain again in North China 
till the next rainy season. In spite of the weather 
a goodly number were out to both the station and 
at the Ikenberry home to welcome these friends from 
America. The Chinese had decorated the front of 
the house and living room with flags and signs with 
" WELCOME," both in Chinese and English. Pas- 
tor Li gave the welcome address and both Bro. 
Bonsack and Bro. Yoder responded. Mrs. Chen 
played a " Ku Chin," which is the oldest Chinese 
instrument known, and the Boys' Club sang songs 
of welcome. ^ 

On Tuesday, Nov. 9, our pastor and workers in 
both the men's and women's departments, together 
with the Y. M. C. A. secretaries, both Chinese and 
foreign, had dinner at the Ikenberry home to meet 
with and talk to these friends from America. 

On Wednesday Bro. Bonsack and Bro. Yoder 
were with us for our mid-week prayers. In the 
afternoon they met the other missionaries and 
foreigners in the city. Among them were the 
refugees from Sianfu. These refugee missionaries 
had been in Sianfu, capital of Shensi, since last 
April unable either to receive word from the out- 
side world or to send messages to their friends. 
Eggs were over a dollar a dozen, and when they 
departed one housekeeper weighed her flour and 
found she had just seven pounds left. Flour was 
worth over a dollar a pound, and it was almost im- 
possible to get it. Finally an expedition was sent to 
their rescue in September and they returned about 
the time Bro. Bonsack and Bro. Yoder arrived here. 
Only the women and children came out of the city 
to safety. The men, doctors and nurses stayed to 
care for the hundreds of wounded and to care for 
and feed the refugees from the near-by villages. 
These friends feel they were miraculously kept dur- 
ing this time of stress and strain. The armies 
suspended hostilities just long enough for them to 
leave the besieged city. 

On Thursday Bro. Bonsack and Bro. Yoder met 
with the church members and discussed our prob- 
lems and plans for Tai Yuan. Thursday morning 
they were very fortunate in having an interview 
with the governor of Shansi, and Friday evening 
they and the Ikenberrys had dinner with the secre- 
tary of the governor who arranged the interview. 
At that time they were each presented with a pic- 

ture of the governor, signed and stamped with his 
seal. Friday they visited the other missions of the 

On Saturday we had our love feast, and Sunday 
Bro. Yoder led our morning worship. After the 
service a picture was taken as a memento of their 
stay with us in Tai Yuan. During the week both 
Bro. Bonsack and Bro. Yoder spoke at student 
meetings at the Y. M. C. A. 

The first part of the next week was given over to 
visiting the other mission stations near here, the 
American Board (Congregational) at Fenchow and 
Taiku, and the China Inland Mission (English) at 
Ping Yao. From there they went on to our station 
at Show Yang. »j 

Our Chinese brethren feel very much pleased and 
encouraged over the visit of these friends from 
America. It was good to have them here with us. 
The missionaries doubly appreciate it. We feel 
rather out of the world here; in fact, we are living 
in the Middle Ages here in China and a visit from 
friends from the homeland does much to encourage 

us - & 

Shou Yang 

In all probability the greatest outstanding event in 
the work here for the month was the coming of the 
deputation. The missionaries have been greatly en- 
couraged by their presence and helpful counsel. 

An every-member canvass of the membership dis- 
closed a total of 159 members in the church. There 
were six boys and five men baptized during our fall 
meetings. We are happy for these. Our fall council 
meeting was held Nov. 20, with 62 of the members 
present. An unusual amount of business was trans- 
acted. The Chinese Christians are working very, 
hard and most diligently for the success of the 
Gospel in Shou Yang. Sunday evening the fall com- 
munion was held in the basement of the boys' 
school. Sixty-five members surrounded the Lord's 



The village Christians welcome the deputation most 
heartily. There are about nine Christians in the 
little village of Chiang Tsun, which we visited 
Nov. 26. In preparation for the coming of the depu- 
tation, the Christians discussed among themselves, 
with a great deal of pleasure, and likened the com- 
ing of these two brethren to their homes to the 
visit of the three angels to the home of Abraham. 
These visits will long be remembered. 

During the first part of the month Sister Neher 
and Sister Kung, the Bible woman, did some work 
in the district of Pei Ho, a market town and out- 
station, about 50 li (17 miles) from Shou Yang. A 
five-day theatrical and fair in the district hindered 
the plans of the work somewhat, but gave oppor- 
tunity for meeting many of the people of the sur- 
rounding country who came into Pei Ho for the 
special occasion. Interest among the women of this 
place is growing, and many homes, which could 
not be entered several years ago, are now open and 
most friendly to us. It is an inspiration to meet 
with those whose hearts seem hungry for the gospel 


The Missionary Visitor 


The women's school is now going nicely again. 
All the pupils are back, except one whose husband 
came in great displeasure, because she was in school, 
and took her home. We regret this very much, but 
there is nothing we can do to help her to return 
to school except to be faithful in our prayers for 
her and her home. j{ 

One of the students in the school is much opposed 
by her mother. The insistence on the part of her 
father-in-law and husband is all that keeps her here. 
Unknown to her father-in-law and husband, the 
mother sent in for the girl to come home to help 
celebrate in honor of a month-old baby in the home. 
The father-in-law was much irritated when he dis- 
covered the daughter-in-law had left the school 
without his permission, and insisted that the school 
find a way to get the girl back. After much prayer 
the lady evangelist and the teacher in the woman's 
school went in a cart to get the girl. We consider 
it a direct answer to prayer that the girl was able 
to return without any special opposition on the part 
of her mother's people. We are praying that her 
people will soon be turned to follow Christ. The 
women in the school are enjoying the inspiration of 
the presence and morning talks of Brethren Yoder 
and Bonsack. »g 

Plans are almost completed for the opening of the 
kindergarten here. The opportunity for working 
with the children is most unlimited, and they en- 
joy the kindergarten methods of teaching. 

The schools are doing excellent work this first- 
half year. Several new pupils have arrived during 
the last month. Miss Hsieh is doing all the station 
could expect of her during the absence of Sister 
Clapper. »g 

The industrial department of the boys' school is 
turning out socks and gloves in great numbers. The 
boys are also spooling woolen yarn. This depart- 
ment was added just three months ago. It gives 
the boys an opportunity to earn some little money, 
by working spare hours, with which they may 
pay a part of their school expenditures. In addition 
to the money earned they will not only be able to 
read, but will also have learned a trade. About 
half of the students in the school have asked for 
work in this department. Those in charge are now 
making plans to enlarge the department. Articles 
such as socks, gloves, caps, scarfs, sweaters, bands, 
chalk, etc., will be made. The style and grade will 
be such as to meet local demand. 


Jennie Mohler 

Bulsar for October and November 

On the 22nd of October we welcomed Miss Shu- 
maker back to Bulsar again to join our staff of 
workers. She will take over the village schools and 
the District work when the Wagoner family and Miss 
Kintner leave in the spring for their furloughs. Just 
about two weeks after her arrival she received the 
sad news of the passing over of her mother, for 
whom she cared during her stay at "home. Just the 
week previous Mrs. Blickenstaff had received the 

same sad news from her home, that her mother had 
passed over to the other side. We deeply sympathize 
with them in their sorrow, for most of us have 
received similar messages at some time during our 
stay here and know the sorrow they bring, and yet 
the joy of knowing our dear ones are at rest from 
all care and sorrow. »» 

From Oct. 28 to Nov. 4 our November Mission 
Conference was held here with all but four of the 
missionaries in attendance at some time during the 
meeting. Some had to return to their stations after 
having been here for a few days, to relieve others 
who were there, so they could also attend a part of 
the time. All remarked the presence of so few chil- 
dren, and missed them. Especially did we miss the 
older children, since none of them were present be- 
cause thej' had not returned from their various 
schools. The Wagoner girls were the first ones to 
return from school, having reached Bulsar about the 
20th of November. ^ 

November seemed to be an auspicious month for 
conferences at Bulsar. After the close of the mission 
Conference there was an Evangelistic Conference for 
all the evangelistic workers in the Gujarati field. We 
were almost surprised and much pleased at the in- 
terest and attendance at this conference, since each 
one had to pay all of his own expenses. About 
thirty Indian workers from other stations attended. 
This was before the close of the Bible School, so all 
of -the Bible students were here, and the workers 
living in Bulsar. Following this there was a con- 
ference at Wankel, fourteen miles east of Bulsar, 
for the workers of Jalalpor and Bulsar Districts. 


The Bible School closed at the end of November 
for this year's term, with an enrollment of fourteen 
men and about six women. Bro. Blough had finished 
his teaching by the last of October, so in the month 
of November Govindji Satvedi had charge of the 
school and taught two classes daily. Naranji 
Solonki had been teaching two classes daily for the 
whole six months. The results of their examinations 
disclosed that they had all applied themselves to the 
work, and their daily class work showed they had 
taken in some of the real spiritual truths from the 
Word. One of the men had not had the strength 
and courage to let his people know of his becoming 
a Christian, though he was baptized a couple of 
years ago. Now he says he has learned so much of 
what Christ means to him that he is willing to go 
home and tell his parents and friends that he is a 
Christian, even though it means opposition, and 
perhaps persecution and the loss of his inheritance, 
and to be counted as out of the family. 

The Wagoner family and Miss Shumaker are now 
out in the district, touring, in evangelistic work. 
At present they are in a place where no touring 
has been done by any one. They are hoping to be 
out all winter and as late in the spring as it is 
possible for them to live in tents. 

Miss Kintner is just recovering from an attack of 
fever of the typhus type. The fever began the first 
day of our Mission Conference and kept her in bed 
over three weeks. The last week she has been able 
to be in her own rooms and look after herself, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


she is gaining in strength each day, and we hope will 
soon have her usual strength and vigor. 

Miss Woods spent October and about half of 
November here at Bulsar for medical observation 
and treatment, but has gone to her station and taken 
up her work there. *g 

Lallubhai Kalidas is one of the ministers who were 
ordained to the eldership at Jalalpor Oct. 22. Oct. 
31, he with all the other elders, assembled in elders' 
meeting at Bulsar, where he preached at the Sun- 
day morning service in Gujarati. On Tuesday 
morning, early, he had a stroke of paralysis which 
affected his whole right side and made him help- 
less. For some days he could swallow very little 
and his mind was not clear. Since then he has im- 
proved so that his mind seems clear, but he can 
not yet speak, nor has he the use of the right side 
of his body. He has been unable to help himself at 
all, but now is getting so he can raise himself up 
a bit on the bed. He has a family of seven chil- 
dren, the eldest daughter being a nurse, who helped 
to care for him when he was the worst, but has 
since returned to her work in the hospital. They 
have a house of their own here at Bulsar, where 
they were spending a few days at the time he was 
stricken, and where they have remained since. He 
was one of the workers in the Jalalpor District, 
located in a town near the railway station of Bili- 
mora, wheh is between Jalalpor and Bulsar. 

Mr. Blickenstaff has been deprived of his efficient 
office helper, and so far is left without any assist- 
ance in his office. He had a fine Christian young 
man helping him for some time over a year, when he 
was suddenly stricken down wth hemorrhage from 
the lungs, caused by tuberculosis. Just a month 
from the time that he had the first hemorrhage his 
life here was ended, and he went to his reward Nov. 
17, 1926. Samuel, as we called him, was a familiar 
figure to all of us who had any business with the 
Mission Secretary-Treasurer's office, and we miss 
him. This work is exacting and no one has yet 
been found to take his place. 


Nettie B. Summer 

Recently Bro. Summer made a tour of several 
villages, visiting schools and Christian communities. 
At one place there were seven applications for 
baptism, so a date was set for it and a love feast. 
At the appointed time Bro. Summer was not able 
to go. Bro. Govindji Satvedi, from Bulsar, had been 
called to assist in the work, so he carried it on 
alone. Instead of seven he administered baptism to 
eleven. About thirty partook of the love feast which 
followed. We are glad to have such Indian men able 
to do such work. The work at this place is very 
encouraging. The worker there is not highly quali- 
fied educationally, but is faithful in the work of the 
Lord. & 

Two new village schools were opened just before 
monsoon, and the work is very encouraging at both 
places. 45 

The village workers of this district and Ankles- 
var district are going together in an institute this 

month at Anklesvar, after which Bro. Summer will 
take his evangelists touring for the winter season. 
Sister Ziegler and her party will also be out. Re- 
member these workers in your prayers. 

During the monsoon several of the children in the 
Baby Home were quite sick, but all have recovered 
except two, who died at Bulsar. It's a great joy 
to see the little ones develop, which repays for all 
the hard work done. 


Little Dorothy Mae Summer recently had an attack 
of quinsy, from which she quickly recovered after 
having the tonsil lanced. 

. & 
A medical examination of one of the men servants 
showed him to be suffering from leprosy. He 
could not be persuaded to go to Miraj, where there 
is a well-known mission leper asylum, but chose to 
go back to his village, where he said he would take 
treatment of his brother. Of course to us a cure 
seems hopeless under such treatment. 


Anetta C. Mow 

Vyara's Workers' Institute is just closing for this 
year. The village teachers and their families have 
been in at the station for two weeks attending daily 
classes. Bro. Lichty and two Indian ministers were 
with us, giving their best in classrooms and in 
sermons. »g 

The institute began with a love feast, in which 
some 350 partook. That same day 30 were bap- 
tized, seven of whom were girls from the boarding- 



On the closing day all of the men went to a river 
a couple of miles away for a retreat. The women 
met at the Girls' School that same afternoon for 
an hour of prayer and praise. 

On several evenings pictures were displayed. One 
evening pictures of the Vyara Boys' and Girls' 
Schools were shown. These were greatly enjoyed and 
they brought home to the children in a new way the 
labor and love expended for them. 

On Nov. 20 Bro. Bhagwandas was elected to the 
ministry by the church, and the following morning 
at the close of Bro. Lichty's sermon, he and his 
wife, Priscillabai, were installed into office. 

The Bible School at Bulsar has closed for this 

year, and Bro. Blough has returned to Vyara. He 

and Sister Blough expect to tour among the vil- 
lages during the next three months. 

Vyara expects Brother and Sister Brooks home 
in a few days. They have been away for fourteen 
months in their effort to find health for Sister 
Brooks. j* 

Sister Mow expects to take groups of girls out 

into the villages as often as possible while the 

touring season is on. Two groups of workers will 
be in the district all winter. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Beulah M. Woods 

The season for evangelistic touring among the 
country villages has just opened. Miss Sadie Miller 
and her helpers make up one camp, and the Longs 
and their workers another. This work is so im- 
portant and the season for doing it is so short 
that we need to pray earnestly that much of the 
seed may fall on good ground and bring forth 
fruit to the cause of Christ in India. 

Occasionally things come to our notice which 
illustrate vividly the difference between Christian 
and non-Christian communities. One day on the 
train one of our missionaries met a woman crying 
bitterly. In conversation with her she found that 
the woman was going back to her mother's village 
because she had been cast out by her husband. 
According to Mohammedan law, to divorce his wife 
all a man has to do is simply to say four times, 
" I divorce you," for any reason he may see fit. 
This woman had tried to prevent her husband from 
marrying off their daughter to his nephew, not only 
the girl's cousin, but a bad man. As she persisted 
in her objections, he made her leave the home. The 
girl was sick in bed and begged her mother not to 
go, but she was forced to. A couple of days later 
the missionary hunted up the house in the Ankles- 
var bazaar and found things there in a sad state. 
The man who wanted to marry the girl was there, 
and even in her illness she begged him to go away 
and not bother her. The mother, unable to bear 
the separation and suspense, had come back when 
she knew the father was away at work, and had 
bathed and combed the sick girl, but had to leave 
again before the husband came home. What the 
sad end of the story will be we do not know, but 
Christian women perhaps do not realize how much 
better their condition is than the condition of 
thousands of their sisters. 


Yesterday word came of the death of Jhinabhai 
Jethalal in a tuberculosis sanatorium at Ajmer. 
He was formerly a head master of the girl's school, 
but for three and a half years had been off work 
with this disease. His young widow, Marthabai, 
and child are expected back soon. 

This month eleven girls from the mission school 
went to the neighboring city, Broach, to take their 
vernacular final examination. It was necessary 
for one of the missionaries to accompany them each 
day of the examination week. This is only the 
third year that the opportunity of taking this ex- 
amination has been open to girls, so it marks a 
step ahead in educational advancement for women. 

The practical arts girls are proving that they are 
well named. Lately they have been whitewashing 
schoolrooms. It is still hard for many people to 
understand why manual labor should be associated 
with education. This month proves to be a mile- 
stone on the road to its accomplishment, for the 
first class to complete the two years' Practical 
Arts Course graduates now. 

The school-children are looking forward to Christ- 

mas and planning for programs and their offerings 
as well as making gifts. 

The headmistress of the Girls' School is leaving 
to be married at Christmas. Pray that the man 
who is coming to fill the place may make an earnest 
effort to grow and to cooperate in the efforts to im- 
prove and advance the school. 

The Longs are rejoicing in the safe homecoming 
of their girls from Woodstock School at Landour. 
The " summer vacation " comes in the winter here, 
for that is the most pleasant and healthful time for 
the children to be on the plains with their parents. 

Beulah Woods has been transferred from Vyara 
to the Anklesvar Girls' School and now lives with 
Misses Shickel, Grisso, and Sadie Miller. The 
plans are to have these four comprise the missionary 
staff of the school. It will work out that three 
will be here at work while one is on furlough. The 
hope is that this arrangement will be more satis- 
factory for the missionaries and the work both, 
than if it were constantly necessary to move some 
one from another station when one's furlough is 

due - JC 

Bro. Moomaw took his second Gujarati language 
examination in November and has passed well. 
Until the completion of the new bungalow on the 
Vocation Training School Compound, the Moomaws 
are living on the old compound and he goes back 
and forth to his work, often riding horseback. 

Sister Moomaw and Sister Woods are hard at 
work studying the language, as they hope to take 
their second examinations in March. 

Thefts are not uncommon here. A few nights 
ago Sister Moomaw was awakened by a noise in 
the back yard in the vicinity of the chicken pen. 
When Bro. Moomaw arrived on the scene part of 
the chickens had been stolen, but fortunately he 
was in time to prevent the loss of the best speci- 
mens of their blooded stock, which are to form 
a part of the chicken raising industry among the 
boys. That same night one of the carpenters was 
robbed of a box containing money and clothes, in 
spite of the fact that it was under his bed and 
tied to it. tt 

Nov. 10-22 the second class of teachers from the 
Vocational Training School had their examinations. 
There were twelve in this class. Like American 
students, they are anxious to get their grades. 


Following the examination, the Anklesvar — Raj 
Pipla workers met here at Anklesvar in a ten-day 
institute. There were four daily periods of Bible 
instruction and four on the project method, together 
with demonstration teaching. In the evenings Bro. 
Summer and Lalbhai Amtha gave most acceptable 
and helpful messages. We all are hopeful of bless- 
ing in village work this winter. 

The outlook for crops is not very good again this 
year, so many poor people are saying, " We are 
ready to starve." How we wish we might help 

46 The Missionary Visitor Fe fe ary 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

Missionary News 

Missions and Governments. A survey of Growth of Christianity by Centuries 

foreign missions by the bishop of Salsbury, Close of first century, 500,000 

published in the London Times, has awakened Close or second century, 2,000,000 

much interest. He calls attention to the Close of third century, 5,000,000 

quickening of the moral sense of Christen- Close of fourth century, 10,000,000 

dom towards the backward races. The man- Close of fifth century, 15,000,000 

datory clauses of the League of Nations Close of sixth century, 20,000,000 

Covenant are symptons of this change, which Close of seventh century, 25,000,000 

is mainly due to the development of a world Close of eighth century, 30,000,000 

situation in which the value indeed, the ne- Close of ninth century, 40,000,000 

cessity of the spiritual forces of life has been Close of tenth century, 50,000,000 

thrown into striking peremptory relief. The Close of eleventh century, 70,000,000 

bishop summarizes the astounding advance Close of twelfth century, 80,000,000 

revealed by the numerical statistics of Chris- Close of thirteenth century, 85,000,000 

tian missions. He pays tribute to the very Close of fourteenth century, 90,000,000 

noble contribution made by America, by Close of fifteenth century, 100,000,000 

its width of outlook and its strong financial Close of sixteenth century, 125,000,000 

support, to the spiritual development of the Close of seventeenth century, 155,000,000 

people in British territory. Also the scope of Close of eighteenth century, 200,000,000 

missionary work has changed, the missionary Close of nineteenth century, 400,000,000 

now concerning himself with the promotion Close of 1925, 500,000,000 

of human well-being in every department of — Missionary Review of the World, 

life. This has led to new and improved re- & 

lations between the missionary and the sec- Mexicans in the United States. The Home 

ular authorities.— Missionary Review of the Missions Council and the Council of Women 

World. a ^ or Home Missions, with other social and 

civic agencies, during the past year have 

Robert College Enrollment. Robert Col- Deen ma king a study of the social, economic, 

lege, Constantinople, has an enrollment this educational, and religious conditions among 

year of 690, the largest in its history. Twen- Mexicans and Spanish-speaking Americans 

ty-two nationalities are represented. Nearly in the United States. Representatives of 

half the total are Turks, and there are large these organizations met in conference at 

contingents of Armenians, Bulgarians, E1 Paso Dec n _ 16j anticipating the formu- 

Greeks, Albanians, and Russians. One hun- i ation of a policy for the agen cies that are 

dred students have enrolled in the engineer- WO rking with this underprivileged class of 

ing school. Thirty are studying at the ex- people in our country. 

pense of the Turkish Government. Among The Mexican population of the United 

the students are Hairi, younger brother of States in 1920 was 725,332, including those 

Ismet Pasha, the son of the Russian com- born here with ' e i t her or both parents born 

mercial attache, and sons of the Governor in Mexico. Nearly all of these were living 

of Constantinople, and other officials. A re- j n the west and south; only 281 were in all 

port from Constantinople College for Women the New England States. Estimates of the 

states that 400 students have registered there. present Mexican population range between 

—The Missionary Review of the World. 1,200,000 and 1,500,000. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Love Feast in India. A letter from 
Anetta Mow, in India, says : " This coming 
Friday evening we will have our love feast 
here at Vyara. We will sit out on the 
ground in the moonlight. I wish you and 
your wife could be here to enjoy it. To- 
morrow my girls will clean two sacks of 
rice and one of ' doll ' (pulse) for the meal." 

The Waynesboro, Pa., Missionary 

This association was organized some years 
ago. The meetings are held on the first 
Wednesday evening of each month. A mis- 
sionary program is given, including special 
prayer for our missionaries, and an offering 
is taken. Special pledges are also secured 
for the missionary support fund, from which 
Sister Lizzie Flory is supported in her work 
in China. 

One year ago the association, through the 
interest of one of its members, was able to 
offer a challenge to each class in the Sunday- 
school, as well as to other organizations. In 
addition to their contributions to the Flory 
support fund, these classes were to raise 
what they could for whatever phase of our 
mission work they wished. Every dollar of 
this would be duplicated by the association, 
and the Sunday-school class would get the 
credit for the entire amount. 

The classes took hold of the work with a 

keen interest, and the following is the final 

result : 

Queen Esther and Light Bearers' class, $ 10.00 

A. H. Culler's class, 18.30 

Helping Hand class, 68.00 

Truth Seekers, .100.00 

Busy Workers 30.00 

Sisters' Aid Society, 42.00 

Dorcas class, 20.00 

Primary department, 50.00 

Busy Bee class, 8.00 

Mildred Hale's class, 20.00 

Mary Kauffman's class, 10.00 

W. L. Widdowson's class, 32.28 

J. B. Stoner's class 18.00 

Evelyn Benedict's class, 10.10 

G. N. Gingrich's class, 14.00- 

Fidelis Adult Bible class, 50.00 

R. J. Fitz's class, 14.00 

Cradle Roll department, 30.00 

Moore Bible class, 111-80 

Beginners department, 40.00 

Dorcas Society, 20.00 

Junior Christian Workers, 25.00 

Cheerful Helpers 42.00 

Jessie Oellig's class, 9.00 

Interest, 7.70 

Total, $800.18 

In addition to this the Always Willing 

Workers Sunday-school class raised $1,000 

during the year on the same plan for the 
Africa mission. 

This little report of the organization is 
given merely with the hope that it may in- 
spire others to do their best that the progress 
of the church may not be hindered. 

Waynesboro, Pa. E. R. Stitely. 

Testimony for the African Slides 

Dear Brother Minnich: 

The Africa lecture went over big last 
night to a full house. The new Africa slides 
are certainly fine, and then they were shown 
by the use of splendid stereopticon and an 
experienced operator. I am sure a new in- 
terest is awakened. 

I am returning the slides with heartiest 
congratulations. The receipts will follow. 

Get them out and keep them out. They 
are next to personal touch with our mis- 
sionaries. Thanks. 

A. G. Crosswhite, Peru, Ind. 


The Missionary Visitor, published monthly 
by the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 
Price, $1 per year. Free to ministers in re- 
cognition of their great missionary service 
to the church. Free to donors of $2 or more 
to mission work directed by the General Mis- 
sion Board. After March 1, 1927, it will be 
free to donors of $4 or more. 

The Visitor seeks to set forth the progress 
of missionary work in the Church of the 
Brethren; also to portray the general situ- 
ation in the mission fields of the world. Every 
member of the church should find this maga- 
zine an invaluable periodical. 

The Missionary Review of the World. 
Published at 156 Fifth Ave., New York City. 
$2.50 per year. For a limited time the Gen- 
eral Mission Board will furnish the Mission- 
ary Review of the World to all Church of 
the Brethren ministers for $1.00, in recogni- 
tion of their service. The Board will pay the 
balance of the subscription price. 

The Review is an illustrated interdenomi- 
national monthly record of Christian prog- 
ress. Its editor is Delavan L. Pierson, and 
its board of directors is presided over by 
Robert E. Speer. The Review gives up-to- 
date information of missionary progress in 
all parts of the world. The articles are 


The Missionary Visitor 


sufficiently popular to appeal to ministers 
of average interest and intelligence on mis- 
sionary problems. The department of Best 
Methods is very valuable to missionary super- 
intendents and committees. 

The Chinese Recorder. The leading mis- 
sionary magazine published on the mission 
field. Price, $3 per year. The Chinese Re- 
corder has been established for fifty-seven 
years. For many years the publishing re- 
sponsibility rested on the Presbyterian Mis- 
sion Press in Shanghai, but since 1914 the 
entire responsibility has rested on an inter- 
denominational editorial board. The Record- 
er aims to be a medium for keeping stu- 
dents and supporters of missions in all coun- 
tries in intimate touch with the Christian 
movement in China. It serves, therefore, to 
help the missionaries and Christian friends 
in the homelands to get in touch with Chinese 
life and thought, more particularly in con- 
nection with religious work. An increasing 
number of. articles are written directly by 
Chinese Christians. A special effort is being 
made to record Christian work as carried on 
independently by Chinese Christians. Sam- 
ple copies will be sent when desired. 

The International Review of Missions. 

Published by International Review of Mis- 
sions, Edinburgh House, Eaton Gate, Sloane 
Square, London, S. W. 1. Published quarter- 
ly. Price, $2.50 per year. 

The International Review is the scientific 
missionary organ of all Protestant mission- 
ary endeavor. Its articles are the most schol- 
arly available. Its capable editors, J. H. 
Oldham and G. A. Gollock, are in touch with 
the best missionary thinkers to be found in 
the world. This magazine belongs in the 
hands of every missionary, of administrators 
of missions, and all others who are keenly 
interested and want to make a thorough 
study of missionary problems. 

Everyland, a magazine of world friendship 
for boys and girls. Price, $1.50 per year. 

This splendid children's missionary maga- 
zine is published for all children. Its stories 
are the bert available for children. It is il- 
lustrated, a. id is sure to be heartily received 
by the children. 

The General Mission Board will receive 
subscription!) for any or all of these maga- 

Tongue Twisters. One of the enthusiastic 
mission study leaders wrote the mission 
rooms some time ago asking if he could not 
have a little help in pronouncing the proper 
names used in our missions. In accord with 
his request three of our missionaries have 
made lists of the names that are hard to pro- 
nounce and have given instructions for their 
pronunciation. Here they are: 
Pronunciations by Alice Ebey 

Ahwa (Ah-wah). 

Broach (Broch), long o. 

Dahanu (Dah-noo). 

Jalalpor (Jah-lal-pur). 

Navsari (Nav-sar-y). 

Surat (Soor-ut). 

Umalla (Oo-mul-lu). 

Vali (Vul-ly). 

Vankal (Vahnk-ul). 

Anklesvar (Uncle-esh-wur). 

Bulsar (Bul-sur), short u. 

Dangs (Dongs). 

Landour (Land-our). 

Palghar (Pahl-gur). 

Thana (Tah-nah). 

Vada (Var-duh). 

Vanki (Vahnk-y). 

Vyara (Vy-ar-a). 

Pronunciations by Minnie F. Bright 

Shou Yang (Show Yong). 

Ping Ting Chou (Ping Ding Joe). 

Le Ping Hsien (Luh Ping She-en). 

Kao Lao (Gow Low), ow sound as how. 

Ho Shun (Hii Shoon). 

Yu She Hsien (Ye Shuh She-en). 

Chin Chou (Chin Joe). 

Tai Yuan Fu (Tie You-an Fuo). 

Ping Ting Hsien (Ping Ding She-en). 

Yang Chuan (Yong Chu-an). 

Liao Chou (Lay-ow-Joe). 

Ma Tien (Mah Tea-en). 

Chao Pei (Jow Bay). 

Wu Shang (Woo Shong). 
Pronunciations by Ruth Mallott 

Garkida, Gar, pronounced like gar in gar- 
den ; kid, like kid, a small goat ; a, short like 
a in assure. 

Hawl, Howl, a cry. 

Burra, Bur, like bore, to bore a hole in a 
board; a, short like a in assure. 

Jos, short o. Tilla, short a. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 

Aid Society Gleanings 


THE Junior Aid Society creates an in- 
terest in the children to want to do 
some work for the church as well as 
to enjoy themselves. 

Our Junior Aid here at Mountain Grove, 
which we had over a year ago during vaca- 
tion, was a great benefit to our Aid Society. 

First. It helped financially, as they raised 
chickens, sold them and gave the money to 
the Aid. They also did many little errands 
for the society. 

Second. It taught them to use the needle 
while engaged in a social way as they pieced 
many quilt blocks. They had half an hour as 
a play period, after which came a time for 
candy or cookies, they knew not which, until 
their work was completed. These refresh- 
ments were donated by a sister. Another sis- 
ter took charge of these Juniors in the back 
of the church, or classrooms, during our 
regular Aid, and in this way they did not 
jar the quilting frames nor disturb the moth- 
ers. These children were taught songs and 
recitations for the C. W. meetings. 

Third. It developed these children into 
useful daughters of today, who will grow into 
the mothers of tomorrow. What is more 
pleasing to the heavenly Father than to see 
us mothers encouraging our children in the 
work of his church which he established 
here on earth? " A child is a bunch of nerves 
and energy," it is well said, but mothers, let 
us direct this energy and raise these children 
for him. Mrs. May Neighbors. 

to* «<5* 


The dictionary gives the definition of 
gossip as an idle tattler, to tell tales, to talk 
much and to little purpose. 

1. We believe the trend of conversation 
at our Aid Society meetings depends a great 
deal on the attitude of the officers in charge. 
They should meet the members in the spirit 
of Christ, which enables one to overcome all 
evil. The devotional exercises, if given in a 
spiritual way, will have great influence on the 
minds of those present. We feel this in our 
daily lives. If we go to God early in the 
morning for guidance through the day, such 
things as gossip and slander will not come 
to our minds. Gossip and slander, no matter 
where indulged in, are sin. 

2. A very good plan is for the president 
to select a good book and have some one who 
reads well entertain the others by reading 
while they work; or select one who has been 
to some special conference, or has been trav- 
eling, to relate things of interest. A question 
box is interesting where questions written 
out on slips of paper may be dropped in to 
be answered at a future meeting. Another 
method that has worked well is to have 
quotations from the Bible, or gems from 
some favorite author, also committing to 
memory chapters from the Bible, such as the 
twenty-third psalm, first chapter of John, 
and the Beatitudes. It has been found help- 
ful to have some one sing a solo or all join 
in singing a familiar hymn. 

3. Let the president be watchful and, 
with tact, direct conversation in the right 
channel. Psa. 34:13; Eph. 5 : 3-4; Prov. 15:4. 

See the fine traits of your friends, not their 
faults, and you see the flowers on the hill- 
side of life, not the dead leaves under the 
snow. Adda E. Amos. 


The church is strengthened and made bet- 
ter every time the Aid Society does a good 
deed. Either the workers or receivers are 


The Missionary Visitor 


benefited. There are many ways to help. 
We generally think about money. We can 
do much good with it, and we need it, but 
there are many other ways of helping. We 
think of the crippled man who was laid at the 
Beautiful Gate of the temple. Peter and 
John had neither silver nor gold, but such as 
they had they were willing freely to give. 
Sometimes a prayer, a smile, a pleasant word 
or a friendly call will do more good than sil- 
ver or gold. We can help in a social, spiritual 
and financial way. 

A few observations from a financial stand- 
point : Over a year ago a church in Ohio 
burned to the ground. They erected another 
structure on the same ground, and when it 
came time to furnish the basement the Aid 
Society was right on hand to provide all the 
supplies needed for communion services and 
serving of' meals on all occasions. This so- 
ciety raised $700 last year. A sister church 
at Lima, Ohio, remodeled their building and 
their Aid Society raised $1,000 to help pay 
the debt. Two years ago the Aid Society of 
Harrisonburg, Va., asked to have their church- 
house cleaned and painted on the inside. 
They assisted to the extent of $125, and are 
still enjoying the change which they helped 
bring about. Later they gave $25 for new 
hymnals for their church. Perhaps more 
happiness and spiritual blessings are received 
by singing the songs than by giving the $25. 
They have pledged $1,000 for their new 
Sunday-school rooms. Giving in this way 
helps the home church and makes all happy. 
Mrs. J. D. Wampler. 


Friday, March 4, 1927, is the time set aside 
as the Day of Prayer for Missions. For 
years women of America have observed the 
first Friday in Lent as a day of prayer. In 
1927 the observance will be world-wide. Mis- 
sionaries are planning to celebrate the day 
in every mission land, and women of many 
nations are being drawn near to each other 
as they draw near to God. It becomes in re- 
ality a World Day of Prayer. Let the women 
of our Missionary and Aid Societies plan to 
observe this day. A special program, " Pray 
Ye Therefore," has been prepared. Price, 
2c each; $1.75 per 100. Order from your 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 


William Beahm 
This has seemed like a forlorn place with the white 
population reduced to 39% of what it had once been. 
It is the interim between the going of one furlough 
party and the coming of the next one. There were 
several weeks when we felt quite scattered. We 
prayed for Mr. Mallott, down at Numan, for his 
wife and boy, and the Burkes, on their way to the 
coast, for our two men in Belgium, for the party 
going to England for medical study, for those re- 
maining in America yet a while, and for our 
Board's delegation on the high sea. That is a good 
cure for the provincial mind. 

The rains have closed a bit early this year, so 
the building could be started early in October. 
Accordingly considerable progress is being made on 
our group of three industrial buildings and also on 
a new dwelling. Before the first cock crow has 
died away the whole valley is alive with the shouts 
of Burras on their way to get work in the morning. 
It is just as impossible for these folk to walk around 
quietly on these brisk mornings as it is for any of 
us to take a cold shower in utter silence. This 
place is alive. *g 

Consequently our noonday meetings for working 
folk have increased in attendance and interest. We 
get much village preaching done close at hand. The 
two classes for inquirers continue in growth of 
appreciation of the meaning of Christ in one's life. 
We are hoping to have our first baptisms next 
Eastertide. It is refreshing to see the religious and 
Christian motive actuating these Burra boys. It 
quickens all things we try to do. 

The attendance at school would do credit to a 
military academy. We are thankful for the health 
of the boys and their growth in interest and willing- 
ness to learn. The coming of the completed copies 
of the Burra " Life of Christ " had added new in- 
centive to " newsters " to learn to read. And it 
means that our older boys who can read have now 
in their hands an orderly and complete story of the 
life of our Lord. *» 

Early in September several of us went down the 
Hawal Valley fifteen miles to Gardemna to select 
a site to be applied for for another mission station. 
We there met our district officer and chose a site of 
seven acres. Two days later he visited our mission 
and seemed very interested in the progress we are 
making. We are very hopeful of getting a location 
for a second station by the end of the year. 

We are thankful for continued health, especially 
during the absence of a doctor. And we are on 
tiptoe of eagerness to welcome those coming to us 
in the next few months. We know they will bring 
us the personal greetings of you all who are showing 
increasing interest in the development of Christ's 
kingdom here. In these days, when Africa is coming 
in for her due share of consideration, as evidenced 
by the International Conference in Belgium, we pray 
that we may all be faithful in our task of making 
Christ in all things preeminent. 


The Missionary Visitor 


the rnmm m~ 

Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Primary Hoosiers Who Put Albion on the Map 

December 9, 1926, Etta Bitting, R. 2, Al- 
bion, Ind., sent $125.45, the children's offer- 
ing for Liao Chou. The Sunday following 
Thanksgiving the Primary Department gave 
an inspiring program. Here is a picture of 
the Department. Gertie Ott is superintend- 
ent. L. U. Kreider is the pastor. 

Weyers Cave, Virginia 

Enclosed please find check for $85.49, the 
children's contribution to the China Mission. 
The Juniors have been most active in raising 
this fund, so I have enclosed their picture. 
The amounts raised are as follows : Inter- 
mediates, $25.64; Juniors, $37.30; Primaries, 
$22.55. The children were given about fifty 
cents by their teachers and asked to invest 
in some home enterprise. Some had chickens, 
others grew crops, while others had only the 
fifty cents to return. 

Personally, I feel the training of this 
church project has been the most profitable 
part of the endeavor. Our boys and girls 
must be taught to attempt things for the 
Lord and his great work. 

Dec. 10, 1926. Ernest B. Craun. 

Windber, Pennsylvania 

Enclosed find check for $17.50. This is the 
money the Rummel Sunday-school children 
earned this summer for evangelistic work in 
China. It was very dry and some didn't get 
much earned. Mrs. Warren Hoover. 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 

At our missionary program Dec. 5, 1925, 
and in response to a special plea by Anna 
Hutchison, China missionary, four classes of 
the Children's Division — Beginners, second 
Primary, Junior Girls and Junior Boys — do- 
nated their missionary savings which they 
take weekly in the class, the amount being 

We . had thirty Comrade Workers, a few 
of whom could not carry out their plans. We 
started them off with a quarter apiece. They 
have delighted us by returned $78.00, which, 
added to the class offerings, makes $109.00 
from those two groups of children. This will 
culminate our missionary efforts for 1926. 
New officers will be elected for 1927. 

Mrs. Grace Moyer Martin. 

Oaklea, R. 3, Dec. 7, 1926. 

Codorus, Pennsylvania 

Enclosed you will find a postoffice money 
order amounting to forty-three dollars, 
which the Juniors and Young People of 
Chestnut Grove Sunday-school, Upper Co- 
dorus congregation, southern District of 
Pennsylvania, send in as their contribution 
to " Help Carry the Gospel to Liao Chou, 
China." Will be glad to hear about the plans 
for 1927. Beulah M. Baugher. 



f; r :U 

* £%&-* 

: . 

»p ^ByTtjii 






Vivacious Virginia Vigilants Out of Weyers Cave 


The Missionary Visitor 


Laton, California 

Yesterday morning (Dec. 19) we had our 
exercises for the close of our mission work 
for the Chinese hospital. We had a small 
chest and nearly filled it with cur silver dol- 
lars, half dollars, and even a few pennies. 
The children gave $58.31. The grown-ups 
being given a chance added $7.03, totaling 
$65.43. The children each told how they 
earned their money. Some raised chickens, 
some picked fruit, some pumped water for 
stock, some carried work and ran errands. 
We had thirty-four children enrolled, and six 
of them have not responded yet. They were 
asked if they enjoyed the work, and every 
hand was raised. Mrs. Verna DeHart. 

Henry L. Pletcher, Nappanee, Ind., sends 
$34.00 to be credited to Liao Chou, China, 
sent by the children of Turkey Creek con- 
gregation, Northern Indiana. 

Hartford City, Indiana 

Am enclosing money made by the children 
of Bethel Center— $15.13. Though few in 
number, they were all live wires. We gave a 
missionary program Sunday evening, Dec. 
19. This work is something new in our 
church. Mrs. Carl Wentz or myself, com- 
mittee, will look forward to the Africa work 
next year. Mrs. Thelma Michael. 

Harmonyville, Pennsylvania 

Primary pupils of the Sunday-school, four- 
teen in number, Miriam Keim, teacher, send 
in a contribution of $16.40, the individuals 
gifts ranging from $3.35 down. The Sunday- 
school added $7.85, totaling $24.25. 

W. S. Price, Dist. Treas. 

Wenatchee, Washington 

Enclosed find $61.61, to be credited to the 
Sunday-school of the Wenatchee Valley 
church, District of Washington. Please ap- 
ply to the Liao Chou workers. The Juniors 
and Intermediates have been responsible for 
a large portion of the foreign mission money 
from this church. Orville Booth. 

Pickrell, Nebraska 

Enclosed find $7.00 as a Christmas offer- 
ing given by the children of the Beatrice 
Sunday-school. They wish this to be used 
for the children's work in China. 

Lottie M. Neher. 

By the Hands of E. C. Crumpaeker, Roanoke, Va., 
the Junior Class in the Bethesda Sunday-school, 
Cloverdale Congregation, Sent $11.57 as a Christmas 
Offering. Mrs. B. E. Murray Is the Teacher. 

McVeytown, Pennsylvania 

Some of our boys and girls were handi- 
capped in their work for Liao Chou by small 
returns on crops. Nevertheless, by planting, 
raising chickens, running errands, working 
for mothers, etc., they gave of their earnings 
the sum of $138.57. Each year more enthu- 
siasm is noticed. I feel that in the near fu- 
ture we may have some workers to send 
from our own church to foreign fields. We 
had with us on Sunday, Dec. 11, Sister Sara 
Replogle, who gave us a most impressive 
talk on the " Vyara Station in India," after 
which an offering was lifted to be used in 
building a house of worship in Vyara. Many 
home mission activities are being carried on 
by classes. 

Our contribution, by classes, is as follows : 
" Rosebuds " (mixed primaries), Mrs. Ruth 
Masemore, teacher, $21.75. " Sunshine " 
(mixed intermediates), Mrs. Mabel Dun- 
mire, teacher, $23.17. " Volunteers " (junior 
boys), Warren Dunmire, teacher, $26.75. 
" Wideawakes " (junior girls), Miss Kathryn 
Sweigart, teacher, $14.35. "Loyal Workers" 
(senior boys — three in teacher training), 
Fern Dunmire, teacher, $28.00. "iWilljing 
Helpers " (senior girls — two in teacher train- 
ing), Miss Florence Sweigart, teacher, $19.55. 
Mrs. Robert J. Swartz, 

Secretary of Missions. 

Kenneth W. Murphy, 206 Rush St., La 
Porte, Ind., sends $1.14, contributed by the 
Junior class for the school at Liao Chou, 


Fe b 9 r 2 u 7 ar y The Missionary Visitor 53 

Goshen, Indiana Lineboro, Maryland 

Enclosed you will find check for $174.62. Enclosed find $3.00 missionary money as 
This represents the money earned by 37 my share in the Junior League to help carry 
boys and girls of the Rock Run Sunday- the Gospel to Liao Cho, China. I am a mem- 
school for the Liao Chou mission station in ber of the Black Rock, Upper Codorus, Pa., 
China. As a part of our regular Christmas Sunday-school, and as our school did not take 
program, the children gave the play, " Money up this work I am sending my offering alone, 
for Missions." We had 107 in Sunday-school I would like to take part in this good work, 
today, and our special " Dollar per Member " I am a little girl nine years old. 
campaign for missions resulted in an offering Florence P. Sellers, 
of $107.00. Mrs. Clarence R. Cripe. Mrs R R Wheekr> 627 Maple> Ottawa, 

December 10, 1926, Frances Detrick, Spen- Kans., writes "very earnestly": "We are 

cerville, Ohio, sent $38.36, raised by boys happy to report that our band of ' Comrades ' 

and girls for Liao Chou. In one instance the has earned $22.76 for the work at Liao Chou. 

two rows of potatoes in the patch which We wish it were much more. May God bless 

were dedicated for missions turned out to be it to the spiritual and physical good of the 

the two best rows. As a close of the year's little Chinese folk. I am so glad for the Liao 

work the program was given Sunday even- Chou program, and we shall render the 

ing, Dec. 5. same soon." 


1927 Financial Project for the Junior League 

The Junior League including children of all ages is 
asked to study Africa beginning in 1 927 and to earn money 
throughout the entire year for missionary work in Africa. 
The name of the fund will be called OUR BLACK 
BROTHERS. The whole Africa mission expense will be 
assigned to the Junior League with the exception of sup- 
ports of missionaries and the cost of new buildings. The 
children will be providing the money necessary for schools, 
evangelistic tours and medical work. News concerning 
these lines of work will be sent to the children throughout 
the year. 

The Junior Department of the Visitor will have items 
about this Black Brother work. Pictures are desired for 
the Visitor. Groups at their work earning money for 
sending the Gospel to their BLACK BROTHERS are 
far more desirable than children dressed in their Sunday 

For information about the project write to H. Spen- 
ser Minnich, Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Juniors : You've made a puzzle for 
me this time. That is, you have made me 
scratch my head to decide which of the let- 
ters you have sent in concerning your Liao 
Chou work should be classed in the prize- 
winning list. With the added judgment of the 
editor-in-chief, we finally award the game of 
" Livingstone " to the following five : Amos 
Hoffert, Shickley, Nebr. ; Ernest Ikenberry, 
819 N. Poplar St., Ottawa, Kans. ; Opal Ber- 
key, Millersburg, Ind. ; Verna Mae Miller, 
Pitsburg, Ohio; Margaret Flora, Wirtz, Va. 
The five letters are printed in this number. 

I hope the rest of you kiddies will not feel 
too badly, for really it was a job to make up 
my mind. Some that were especially neat 
were written by Elva Stroup, North Liberty, 
Ind.; Bessie Crim, Huntsville, Ohio; Elmer 
Hetrick, New Bethlehem, Pa.; Esther Smith, 
Myrtle Point, Ore. ; Kenneth Hood, Frank- 
lin Grove, 111.; these may be given honorable 
mention. Others, that made an honest effort, 
at least, were Martha and Quintin Rothrock, 
Davenport, Nebr. ; Galen Fike, Eglon, W. 
Va. ; Ernest Hubert, and H. C. Vanderou, 
Plattsburg, Mo. 

Don't give up now, but if the editor asks 
something big of you this year, get right 
out in front and tell us how you did it. For, 
of course, you are going to do it. You are 
just beginning to get experience now, and the 
more you do a thing, the better you'll do it! 

The games have already been sent to the 
winners, and we hope you will have a happy 
time playing them. See if you can locate our 
own missionaries. How many are in the 
bunch in Nigeria? 

Good luck to every one of you, as you set 
out to raise a new crop of money and men 
for the millions in Africa's murk! 

Aunt Adalyn. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn : I will tell how I earned 
my missionary money. My Sunday-school 
teacher gave me nine turkey eggs. Eight 
hatched, and seven grew to be over six weeks 
old, then they died one by one. When school 
started I made fire at the schoolhouse and 
earned two dollars, which I gave for the 
work at Liao Chou, China. 

Shickley, Nebr. Amos Hoffert, age 12. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : I sure did enjoy the 
work for the Liao Chou hospital. A member 
of our church gave me a job making two 
bird houses. I made the houses and painted 
them. She paid me one dollar and fifty cents 
for them. I made some more money selling 
tomatoes. Altogether I contributed three 
dollars and seventy cents. 

Ernest Ikenberry. 

819 N. Poplar St., Ottawa, Kans. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : The Missionary Com- 
mittee gave me twenty-five cents to invest 
in something to make money for Liao Chou. 
I spent fifteen cents for broom corn seed, 
and ten cents left for my China bank. It 
did good, made seventeen brooms, which 
I sold at seventy-five cents each. Received 
$12.75. The cost of making was $4.25, 

Opal Berkey (age 11). 

Millersburg, Ind., Box 1. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Last summer we had 
so many potato bugs that my father offered 
me a penny for every twenty-five bugs. I 
caught three dollars and twenty-five cents' 
worth. I then drowned them in coal oil and 
laid them on a board and with a stick 
counted them. This fall I sold pop-corn and 
received ninety cents. Verna Mae Miller. 

Pitsburg, Ohio, Box 136. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Last spring when the 
Junior League call came to our church, I 
was glad that I could help do something for 
the people of China. I planted one gallon of 
beans which I worked, picked and sold, to the 
amount of twenty-two dollars, of which I 
was glad to share the tenth for the cause of 
missions in Liao Chou. 

Wirtz, Va. Margaret Flora. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I join your circle? I 
often read the letters in the Visitor. I am ten 
years old. I go to Pineview school and am in the 
sixth grade. In my school studies I like best read- 
ing and arithmetic. I belong to the Brethren church. 
I am in the Junior class. I have two sisters, one 
fifteen, the other four. I live out in the country. 
I have a friend that lives in town. Her name is 
Ruth Hunt. I have a kitten and a dog. I wish 
some of the girls would write to me. 

Franklin Grove, 111. Belva Buck. 

I wish more people liked reading well enough to 
study it hard. It is remarkable how many poor 
readers there are — the things they are trying to 
say sound actually slovenly. But a clear, crisp 
enunciation, with the meaning brought out in every 
phrase — what a delight! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Liao Chou, Shansi, China, 

May 6, 1926. 
Dear Aunt Adalyn: We have three little nanny 
goats, and three big nanny goats. We went down 
to the river and caught fish. The Chinese school- 
boys went with us and we waded in the river. A 
few days ago we went on the side of the mountain 
to pick flowers for our May baskets. We had about 
" Theseus " in our mythology. We have arithmetic, 
spelling, reading and composition in our school 
work. Lovingly, 

Henry King Oberholtzer (age 8). 

I wonder if you haven't been awfully disappointed, 
Henry? The lady to whom you sent this letter, 
and who was to turn it over to me, came in the 
other day, and with the corners of her mouth 
turned down told how terribly sorry she was that 
it got mislaid for so long. She said it was inex- 
plicable. Do you know what that word means, 
Henry? She wondered if you would forgive her. I 
said sure Henry would. It will soon be May again, 
and you can get your baskets ready for 1927. It 
seems as if you are a pretty small chap to be study- 
ing mythology. Why, even I had to go to the dic- 
tionary to find out who Theseus was! Now you'll 
write again, won't you, Henry? This sorry lady 
said same nice things about you. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : May I join the Junior circle? 
I am nine years old and in the fifth grade. I 
have two brothers. The older one has joined the 
church, and I am going to. I love to go to church. 
We have our opening exercises in the basement by 
ourselves. My grandfather and grandmother live 
in North English. They own a farm. They raised 
a family of thirteen — five of them girls. There was 
a pair of twins in the family — a girl named Bess. 
and a .boy named Jess. Bess had a new baby boy 
a few months ago. Jess is my father. I love to 
learn of Jesus. 

Dorothy Miller. 

420 So. 6th St., W., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

They say thirteen is an unlucky number, but I 
don't see where the bad luck comes in in your 
family, do you? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: My Sunday-school class are 
selling book markers to raise money for Liao Chou, 
China. In our school we have Bible as a study. 
On my grade card I got an A in Bible. It was so 
icy this morning that we could not get our machine 
out so we had to go to Sunday-school on the trac- 
tion car. I wish some of the Juniors would write 
to me. Bessie Crim. 

Huntsville, Ohio. 

Will you please send me one of your book mark- 
ers? Let me know the price, and I will send you 
the money. 




1. Behead a small spike and leave to be sick. 

2. Behead one of Shakespeare's characters and leave 

3. Behead dirt and leave frost. 

4. Behead a precious wood and leave skinny. 

5. Behead reckless and leave a kind of tree. 

6. Behead an Oriental religion and leave to bang. 

7. Behead a girl's name and leave parasitic insects. 
Take the letters you cut off, set them in order, 

and you have the name of the country you will 
study about for three months. 

Hidden Missionaries in that Same Country 

It is such a sickly babe; ah, me! 
In the town of Xegib bells are hung in the tower. 
You know it burned to a char, perfectly well. 
I paid him by check many times. 
It is called the Tom Mitchel series. 
That fur is called a Karakul pelt. 
Yesterday I saw a very small otter. 
The middle name of Josh is Leroy. 
It is wonderful how Wilbur keeps growing. 
(Answers next month) 


Concealed Word. — Christmas. 

Your Christmas Presents.— 1. Slippers. 2. Scarf. 
3. Necktie. 4. Watch. 5. Gloves. 6. Purse. 7. Knife 
S. Stationery. 9. Fountain pen. 10. Radio set. 

Junior League African Handwork 

Edited by Minna Heckman 
Feb. 20. Burra Village and Farm Life Project No. 1 

Problem: To become acquainted with Afri- 
can methods of farming and Burra vil- 
lage life. 


What kind of roads has Burraland? 

Would good roads help the trade of the 
country? The spread of the Gospel? 

What is the main occupation of the 

What kinds of farming implements are 

Why does the brush grow so rapidly in 
this country? 

Would better farming methods help these 

Weave a mat of tan construction paper 
4"x2". This represents a native bed. Paste 
this in the notebook. A description of the 
master's house from page 137 of " In Sunny 
Nigeria " may be written on the opposite 
Project No. 2 

Work should proceed on the houses and 
compound. The native bed should be woven 
as described in the notes and the illustra- 
tion. Clothes pins can be used for the 
posts and they should stand on their heads. 
In the second house, which is the wife's, a 
small alcove could be made by cutting a 
shoe box in two pieces and fastening half 
of it against the wall. Into this pen a few 


The Missionary Visitor 


goats could be placed which have been 
modeled from clay or cut from pasteboard. 
On top of this as a shelf could be placed 
some of the jars and little gourd dishes. A 
woven mat for the bed is all that is neces- 
sary for this house. Some more weaving 
could be done on the fence. 

Project No. 3 

The younger children could weave sleep- 
ing mats from paper. The mats could be 

Figure 6 

Figure 7 

No. 7 to be placed on top of No. 6 and tied securely. 

cut ready for weaving by the leader and 
the strips should be already prepared. They 
could be 4"x6" with strips one half inch 
wide. The strips to be woven in should 
be of a different color or shape. If the 
occupant of our room is energetic she will 
sleep on a katzar or native bed. It is made 
of cornstalks. In reality the katzar may 
be from four inches to two feet high. 

The model should be two or three inches 
high and the length determined by the scale 
of your " mbwa." Six feet is a long kat- 
zar. In making the model it will be neces- 
sary to split cornstalks to get stalks small 
enough or to use small twigs. The stalks 
are laid as Fig. 6 and tied with thread at 
the corners and the top made as Fig. 7. 

(If the katzar is not made as part of the 
room it can be made in any dimensions de- 
sired, even life size or approaching it.) 

Many Burras sleep on grass mats. Take 
narrow strips of tan construction paper and 
weave an oblong mat. 


Our Boys and Girls for February 6. 

" In Sunny Nigeria," Chapter XX. 

" The Book of an African Baby," Chapter 2. 

Feb. 27. Housekeeping in Burraland 

Problem: To find out how the people live 
in their homes and learn the kinds of 
food they eat. 


What is the chief food of the Burras? 
How is it prepared? 

What are the customs observed in eating 

What kind of mills are used? Can much 
corn be ground in a day in this way? 

How are their dishes washed? 

From what is the clothing made? 

Who does the sewing in Africa? Do 
you think it easier for the women to work 
in the field than to sew? 

Would Christianity make life any easier 
for the women and children? 
Project No. 1 

The page in the notebook for this lesson 
could have the open fire for the cooking of 
the food. Paste little pieces of red paper, 
an inch or two in length, on a little heap. 
Then cut a kettle from black or brown 
paper and paste it above the wood. Write 
on the opposite page the description of the 
preparing of the food, as given in "In 
Sunny Nigeria," pages 131 and 132. 
Project No. 2 

Make the mill of clay as described in 
the notes. Place the stone while the clay 
is soft and hollow out the little cup. Make 
some little coils of clay for the little sticks 
of wood. These may be painted red and 
piled up in the compound for the cooking 
fire. A little clay pot painted black may 
be placed on the fire. A broom can be made 
by tying a bunch of raffia or some straight 
stems of hay to a candy sucker stick. A 
spinning wheel could be made by whittling 
off one end of a spool to a point and in- 
serting a sucker stick in the other end. 
Work on the fence should be continued. 
Project No. 3 
The younger group can stripe small lengths 


The Missionary Visitor 


of unbleached muslin with crayolas, making 
them very gay for the cloths that the 
Africans wear around the lower part of 
the body. If these are then ironed with a 
hot iron, the colors will not fade. These 
are to be kept until the next meeting when 
some little black dolls may be dressed. 

The grinding stones (very frequently 
under the porch-shed in front of the 
" mbwa ") are merely level stones in a mud 
framework. On these corn is ground with 
another stone. See Fig. 8. 

Figure 8 

a. The mud base. 

b. The smooth stone set in the mud. 

c. A tiny cup in the mud to receive the ground 


Our Boys and Girls for February 13. 

" Book of an African Baby," Chapter 8. 

" The Book of Missionary Heroes," Chapter XVI. 

March 6. Burra Religion 
Problem: To learn the need of the Africans 
for the Bible, and the Christian way 
of life. 


Locate Bornu and Burraland on the map. 
How much do the people know about the 
true God? 

What kind of religion do the people have? 
What other religion is coming into the 
country besides Christianity? 

Is Mohammedanism good for them? 

Tell what you can about Mohammedan- 

What are some of the superstitions of 
the people? 

Project No. J 

Make a small scene as suggested below, 
for the notebook. On the opposite page 
write the poem — "A Plea," Missionary Vis- 
itor, Oct., 1926. 

Poster Suggestion 

Mountainous background. A river in the 
distance with palms, small bushes and trees. 
Foreground — a big fig tree (a very large 
spreading tree), cutouts of black people 
sitting on the ground under the tree. A 
white man standing with a helmet telling a 
Bible story. A tiny chart picture in his 
hand would be realistic and in the near 
background a bicycle or horse. Goats, 
chickens and dogs may be scattered about. 

This could also be worked out in a minia- 
ture stage or sandtable. 

Project No. 2 

Make a " bee " like the illustration to be 
placed in the compound. Work on the 
fence. The remainder of the children 
should work on dolls that are to live in 
the house. The dolls can be bought or 
they may be made of clay. Have one of 
them for a mother with a baby on her back. 
A basket or jar could also be placed on 
her head. 


Figure 9 

The Burra " bee " is the family granary 
and store-bin. Bees are mud hogsheads 
(some are small). They are set on stones. 
They are filled with guinea corn and covered 
with a flat mud cover which has been 
hardened in the sun. Sometimes they are 
sealed with mud as we seal a can with 
wax. During the rainy season they have a 


The Missionary Visitor 


straw roof like a Burra room. Model from 
clay and make the thatch as in making the 
room. See Fig. 9. 

Project No. 3 

The suggestions for the poster could be 
worked out in the sandtable if there is one, 
or a group poster could be made. 


Our Boys and Girls for February 20. 

" Book of Missionary Heroes," Chapter 22. 

" In Sunny Nigeria," Chapters XX, X and VIII. 

Missionary Review of the World, October. 

Primary Story: "They Love Him Too," or 

" Afraid of the Dark." 

March 13. Missionaries and Burras 

Problem: To learn how the missionaries are 
meeting the need of the African people 
and also how we can help. 


How many people live in Burraland? 

How many of the Bornus are there? 
How many missionaries are there for all 
these people? 

In what different ways can the mission- 
aries help the people? 

What are the obstacles that the mission- 
aries must face? 

What are the white teachers called? 

How was the Brethren mission started? 

Project No. 1 

For the notebook have as many pictures 
of missionaries as possible to paste in. 
Write their names below the pictures. 

Project No. 2 

Continue the work on the houses and 
compound. A few chickens and goats could 
be cut out for the compound. 

Some of the boys and girls who are not 
busy on the project could play a game of 
"Across Africa with Livingstone." Four 
can play at one time. 

Project No. 3 

The younger group may dress their little 
colored dolls with the clothes they made last 
week. Little five cent dolls could be painted 
black and then dressed as the pictures show. 


Our Boys and Girls for February 27. 
Missionary Visitors for pictures. 
" In Sunny Nigeria," Chapter II. 
" Book of Missionary Heroes," Chapter XXII. 
" Across Africa with Livingstone." 
" The Book of an African Baby," story of " The 
White Man's Visit." 

March 20. Our Mission Station 
Problem: To become acquainted with our 
Africa mission station and the mis- 
sionaries' way of living. 


How large is the mission station? 

What kind of country surrounds it? 

What different buildings have been built? 
What kinds of material were used? 

How far must a letter from America be 
carried by the black men before it reaches 
the missionary? 

How far is this station from the railroad? 

How must the missionaries have food 
brought in? 

Project No. 1 

The notebooks may be tied together and 
a neat back fastened on. The word 
" Africa " could be put on the outside in 
good lettering or a good picture of African 

Project No. 2 

All the finishing touches should be put on 
the houses and compounds at this time. 
Some different boys and girls could play 
the game of "Across Africa .with Living- 
stone " this week. If there are some un- 
employed, they could write a letter to some 
of the missionaries in Africa. 

Project No. 3 

Cut out pictures and paste them in scrap 
books to be sent to the children of Africa. 


Oxir Boys and Girls for March 6. 
" In Sunny Nigeria," Chapter IV. 
" Across Africa with Livingstone." 
" Friday's Footprints," story from book of " Fri- 
day's Footprints," by Margaret Applegarth. 

March 27. What Our Mission Is Doing 

Problem: To find out the different kinds of 
mission work that are being carried on. 


What is the first thing that the missionary 
has to do? 

Describe a mission school. Where do the 
teachers get the books? 

What is a medical missionary? 

Is there much need for medical mission- 
aries in Africa? 

Why do not the native doctors help the 


The Missionary Visitor 


How does the evangelistic missionary do 
his work? 

Tell what you have liked most about this 

Project No. 1 

These children should work on scrap 
books to send to the children of Africa. 

Project No. 2 

Work on scrap books. 
Project No. 3 

These little people should also help out 
with the scrap books. 

(Note : If the church puts on a general 
program at the close of the school of mis- 
sions the Junior Church League should take 
part in that and the above projects could 
be combined with some of the others.) 


Our Boys and Girls for March 13. 

A Japanese student tells how he came to 
be a Christian. In a training college in 
Japan he and a young American, who was 
a Christian, went to the principal — a vener- 
able Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church — and complained of the coldness 
of their rooms. The good Bishop replied, 
" I am sorry that the council at home can- 
not spare the money to repair your rooms," 
and then, turning to the Christian student, 
he said, " As far as you are concerned, we 
can soon settle the matter. You are young, 
your life is before you, and your health 
must be safeguarded. I am old, my work 
is nearly done, and my room faces south 
and is warm and bright. You shall have 
mine and I will take yours." The young 
man protested, but the Bishop had made 
up his mind, and nothing could alter his 
decision. The Japanese student was so im- 
pressed by the beautiful unselfishness of 
the Bishop, and his evident joy in the 
sacrifice he made, that he saw in it the 
spirit of Christ, and was led to give his 
life to the same Lord and Master. 

If you have no money to contribute to 
the church, you have a personality to in- 
vest, a presence to contribute. You have 
hands to consecrate, feet to dedicate. 

A Sunday-school teacher had taught her 
class about David and Goliath. A special 
text was, " The Lord was with David." One 
little boy was greatly impressed with the 
thought. He went home and got out his 
nursery pictures to find the one of David 
and Goliath. After studying it for some 
time, he took it and started for his father's 
study, for his father was the pastor of the 
church. The father was busy getting out 
his evening sermon, but the boy persistent- 
ly rapped and was finally admitted. Show- 
ing the picture to his father, he said, " Papa, 
they left the Lord out." The father went 
back to his sermon but he could not finish 
it. He saw that he had been preaching 
from the Word of God, but had left the 
Lord Jesus completely out. He tore up his 
sermon and fell on his knees. That night 
he talked about Jesus. 

A certain five-year-old boy heard a story 
one Sunday about the Good Samaritan. The 
story pleased him very much, and that 
night when he said his prayers he added : 
"And, O Lord, we had the story of the 
Good Samaritan to-day in Sunday-school, 
the one you told your disciples." Then he 
smiled up at his mother and said, " I just 
thought he'd be interested." Yes, he is 
interested in the smallest details of our 
lives, our ways and works, our joys and 
sorrows. The little boy had grasped a great 

The fur of the ermine is of perfect white- 
ness. The dainty little creature appears to 
make it the business of its life to keep 
clean. So strong is this instinct that the 
ermine will suffer capture rather than de- 
filement. Trappers know this fact and use 
it to the destruction of the little creature. 
They will smear filth over the paths that 
the ermine would naturally choose to escape 
by, and it falls into the trap because it 
keeps itself unspotted. Do we so detest the 
defilement of sin that we would suffer 
rather than become defiled? 

Churches, like everything else, die when 
they cease to be useful. There is no inside 
work for a church that is ■ not related to 
the outside wants of the world. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Forget each kindness that you do 

As soon as you have done it; 
Forget the praise that falls to you 

The moment you have won it ; 
Forget the slander that you hear 

Before you can repeat it; 
Forget each slight, each spite, each sneer, 

Wherever you may meet it. 

Remember every kindness done 

To you, whate'er its measure ; 
Remember praise by others won 

And pass it on with pleasure; 
Remember every promise made 

And keep it to the letter; 
Remember those who lend you aid 

And be a grateful debtor. 

Remember all the happiness 

That comes your way in living; 
Forget each worry and distress, 

Be hopeful and forgiving; 
Remember good, remember truth, 

Remember heaven's above you, 
And you will find, through age and youth, 

That many hearts will love you. 

— Selected. 


Just today we chanced to meet — 
Down upon the crowded street ; 
And I wondered whence he came, 
What was once his nation's name. 

So I asked him, " Tell me true, 
Are you Pole or Russian Jew, 
English, Scotch, Italian, Russian, 
Belgian, Spanish, Swiss, Moravian, 
Dutch or Greek or Scandinavian?" 

Then he raised his head on high, 

As he gave me this reply: 

" What I was is naught to me, 

In this land of liberty; 

In my soul, as man to man, 

I am just American." 

— Author Unknown. 

There's never a goal worth the getting, 
But what you must work to attain; 

You must suffer and bleed for it; 

Cling to your creed for it ; 
Fail and go at it again. 

Success is no whim for the moment, 
No crown for the indolent brow. 

You must battle and try for it, 

Offer to die for it, 
Lose it, yet win it somehow. 

-Edgar A. Guest. 

One day a little girl was playing in the 
field near the farmhouse where she lived. 
She was sitting on the ground, making a 
daisy-chain, when she heard her father's 
voice, saying quietly: "Be perfectly still, 
and don't move." She was frightened; but 
she was obedient, and did as her father told 
her. The next moment a shot rang out, and 
she learned that a rattlesnake had been 
coiled up near her, ready to strike. If she 
had moved an inch, the snake would have 
struck her before her father could shoot 
it. Her obedience saved her life. There 
were three reasons for that obedience. One, 
that she was in the habit of obeying ; the 
next, that she loved her father; and lastly, 
she knew that her father loved her. Willing 
obedience is one of the best ways to show 
our love to Jesus. 

The great triumphs of the world are 
undemonstrative, even at the time of their 


(Continued from Page 64) 
Maryland— $54.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Grossnickle (Middletown 
Valley) $ 44.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister 

(Broadfording), 10.00 

Ohio— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anna Lesh (Stone Lick) 2.00 

Oregon— $9.20 

Cong.: Geo. Shade (Grants Pass) $1; S. 

S.: Newberg, $8.20, 9.20 

Pennsylvania— $99.70 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, $40; Ridge- 

ly, $13.67; Little Swatara, $46.03, . 99.70 

Virginiar— $13.57 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, 13.57 

Washington— $8.70 

Cong.: No. Spokane 8.70 

. Total for the month $ 187.17 

Total previously reported, 665.40 

Total for the year, $ 852.57 

Illinois— $5.00 
No. Dist., Cong.: M. W. Emmert (Mt. 

Morris), $ 5.00 

Oregon— $5.00 

Cong.: Albany, 5.00 

Virginia— $2.52 
Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, 2.52 

Total for the month, $ 12.52 

Total previously reported, 60.00 

Total for the year, $ 72.52 

Tennessee— $5.00 

Cong.: No. 93175 (Pleasant Valley), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 5.00 

Total previously reported, 92.95 

Total for the year, $ 97.95 


The Missionary Visitor 



Tract Distribution: During the month of November 
the Board sent out 2,577 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 10: See September, 1926, Visitor 
under Conference Budget of $1,000.00 credited to 
Johnstown (Walnut Grove) Cong. $500.00 has since 
been designated for support of Samuel Bowman. 

Correction No. 11: See Missionary Supports, Jan- 
uary Visitor, credit of $20.00 to S. S.'s of Mid. Iowa 
has since been designated for World Wide Missions. 

Correction No. 12: See September, 1926, Visitor 
under Conference Budget there was omitted acknowl- 
edgment of $41.60 from Auburn Cong., No. Indiana. 

November Receipts: The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Novem- 

Conference Offering, 1926. As of December 31, 
1926, the Conference (Budget) offering for the year 
ending February 28, 1927, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1926, $203,586.28 

(The 1926 Budget of $382,775.00 is 53.2% raised, 
whereas it should be 83.3%) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on December 
31, 1926: 

Income since March 1, 1926, $244,687.00 

Income same period last year, 246,739.38 

Expense since March 1, 1926, 258,047.06 

Expense same period last year, 243,585.11 

Mission deficit December 31, 1926, 23,476.24 

Mission deficit November 30, 1926, 34,566.94 

Decrease in deficit for December, 1926, .... 11,090.70 


Alabama— $15.00 

Cong.: Oneonta, $ 15.00 

Arkan sas— $30 .00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Springdale, $20; A 
Young Husband, Wife and Baby (Springdale) 
$5; Indv.: Mrs. Mary Babb & Daughter, $5, 30.00 
California— $228.35 

No. Dist., Cong.: Live Oak, $26.56; Figar- 
den, $5.76; Reedley, $14.11; Raisin City, $4.05; 
Waterford, $16.36; Waterford Community 
Church, $4.36; Mrs. Nina E. Wirth (Em- 
pire) $5; Amos A. Hartman & Family (Wa- 
terford) $50; M. N. Wine (M. N.) (Reedley) 
$.50; Mrs. Clara A. Holloway (Lindsay) $5; 
S. E. Hylton (Lindsay) $18; S. F. W. (Oak- 
land) $2.50; Indv.: Mrs. W. B. Wilson, $1; 

D. S. Musselman, $4.90; Grace Messick, $5, 163.10 
So. Dist., Cong.: Hermosa Beach, $11; 

Pomona, $26.25; J. S. Brower (La Verne) $1; 
Lulu Terford (1st Los Angeles) $25; Indv.: 

M. Grace Miller, $2, 65.25 

Canada— $134.77 

Cong.: Bow Valley, $84.65; Irricana, $50.12, 134.77 
Florida— $23.92 

Cong.: Zion, $10.93; S. S. : Sebring, $12.99, 23.92 
Idaho— $9.00 

Cong.: John B. Lehman (Nezperce) $5; 
Mrs. Marie and Tecla Olsen (Nampa) ..$4, 9.00 

Illinois— $571.64 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $128.84; 
Franklin Grove, $297.08; J. J. Scrogum (1st 
Chicago) $5; W. G. Eisenbise (1st Chicago) 
$10; Mrs. Geo. Laughrin (Hickory Grove) $5; 
Caroline Brown (1st Chicago) $10; Mrs. 
Louisa Shaw (Mt. Morris) $5; Emma Shiffier 
(Bethel) $5; No. 93322 (Mt. Morris) $5; Paul 

E. Wingerd (M. N.) (Freeport) $.50; S. S.: 
Milledgeville, $14.38; Franklin Grove, $6.84; 
Sterling, $5.22 407.S6 

So. Dist., Cong.: Big. Creek, $5.34; Spring- 
field, $5.05; John J. Swartz (Blue Ridge) 

$20; Elizabeth J. Fowler (Allison Prairie) 
$5; Orill Kessler (Woodland) $2; Clara 
Steiner (Champaign) $5; S. S.: "Beacon 
Light " Class (Decatur) $26.30; La Place 

$4.09; Indv.: Mrs. Eliza Renner, $1, 73.78 

Indiana— $979.69 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eel River, $17.40; Pipe 
Creek, $32.06; Manchester, $290.76; W. Eel 
River, $10.75; W. Manchester, $57.12; Loon 
Creek, $65; Monticello, $20; Cart Creek, 
$15.22; Flora, $45; Clear Creek, $12.98; Mrs. 
Wm. S. Long (Monticello) $5; Susanna Leck- 
rone (West Eel River) $5; Mrs. Sylvia Ulery 
(Manchester) $3; Frances Crill (Wabash 
Country) $2; C. Walter Warstler (M. N.) 
(Huntington City) $2; S. S. : Markle $13.20; 
Beaver Creek, $33.32; " Beacon Lights " Class 
(So. Whitley) $30, 659.81 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakarusa $36; Nappanee, 
$58.82; Blue River, $5.50; Shipshewana, 
$13.70; No. Winona Lake, $142.15; Unknown 
donor (1st So. Bend) $5; Jesse Cross (La 
Porte) $5; Elizabeth H. Zumbrunn (Goshen 
City) $2; Mrs. Margaret Wehrly (Syracuse) 
$2; Elsie Finley (Blue River) $3; Galen Hana- 
walt (Mt. Pleasant) $1; S. S.: Yellow Creek, 
$8.05; Indv.: Mrs. Amanda Boyd, $.50, 282.72 

So. Dist., Middletown, $4.30; No. 93466 (Net- 
tle Creek) $15; Ross Oyler & Wife (Kokomo) 
$5.86; W. H. Friend (Anderson) $1; No. 93303 
(Buck Creek) $5; J. G. Stinebaugh (M. N.) 
(Rossville) $1; Indv.: Marthetta Kitch, $5, .. 37.16 
Iowa— $113.91 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bagley, $24.87; An In- 
dividual (Iowa River) $20, 44.87 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greene, $12.04; Spring 
Creek, $21.95; David Brallier & Family (Cur- 
lew) $15; S. S.: Spring Creek, $20.05, 69.04 

Kansas— $322.20 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Overbrook, $45; Earl 
Barnhart & Wife (Appannoose) $15; Mrs. 
Anna Royer (Wade Branch) $2.37; B. Alles 
& Wife (Holland) $5; W. A. KinzLe (M. N.) 
(Kansas City) $.50; S. S. : Olathe, $4.24; Be- 
ginner & Primary Depts. (Ottawa)) $10.09, 82.20 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Ft. Scott, $7.15; 
Fredonia, $14.50; Independence, $6; J. W. & 
A. L. Eikenberry (Independence) $4; J. W. 
Kirkendall & Wife (Independence) $10; Lizzie 
Shank (Osage) $10, 51.65 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, $111.35; 
James Brandt (Pleasant View) $10; Mrs. 
Lizzie A. Lehman (Newton) $3; Kate Yost 
(Peabody) $4; A Sister (McPherson) $10; 
Oliver H. Austin & Wife (McPherson) $25; 
Mrs. A. M. Stutzman (McPherson) $25, .. 188.35 

Maryland— $247.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Thurmont, $17; Myersville 
(Middletown Valley) $57.57; Denton, $7.93; 
Bethany, $100; S. D. Glick & Wife (Hyattes- 
ville) $25; M. K. Ebaugh (Meadow Branch) 
$2; Geo. A. Early (M. N.) (Meadow Branch) 
$.50; S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Rush Creek) 
$2.50 212.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Susan Rowland (Hagers- 
town), 5.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $15; C. C. 
Beachy & Family (Bear Creek) $15, 30.00 

Michigan— $158.99 

Cong.: Grand Rapids, $43.77; Sunfield, $10.30; 
Long Lake, $14; Midland, $10; Hart, $.75; 
Herbert Morehouse & Wife (Woodland) $10; 
S. S.: Grand Rapids, $7.17; Hart, $10; Flor- 
ence, $50; Indv.: Mrs. Ellen Spooner, $1; 
Mrs. T. J. Ingleright, $2, 158.99 

Minnesota— $2.50 
S. S.: Worthington, 2.50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Missouri — $67.44 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, $17; Wm. 
H. Wagner (Adrian) $5; Lizzie Fahnestock 
(Deepwater) $2; John T. Forehand & Wife 
(Spring Branch) $4; Mary M. Cox (Warrens- 
burg) $2; James and Mary E. Harp (War- 

rensburg) $5; Indv.: Lutie Holloway, $1 36.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. St. Joseph 6.44 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $15; Mrs. 
Emma L. Miller, (Jasper) $5; D. H. Wampler 
& Wife (Jasper) $5, 25.00 

Nebraska— $278.10 

Cong.: Falls City, $29.10; Enders, $13.85; 
Beatrice, $13.27; Octavia, $25.30; Kearney, 
$44.14; A Friend (Octavia) $4.60; A Brother 
& Sister (Octavia) $50; David Neher & 
Family (Beatrice) $25; C. J. Lichty (Beatrice) 
$5; J. H. and Saloma Fager (Lincoln) $2; 
Cora M. Butterbaugh & Children (Bethel) 
$15; S. S.: Enders, $.84; Indv.: Sidney Cripe, 

$50, 278.10 

North Carolina— $10.00 

Cong.: Mill Creek, 10.00 

North Dakota— $2.50 

Cong.: A. B. Long (Carrington) 2.50 

Ohio— $1,152.78 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, $10; 
Springfield, $50; Kent, $2; Zion Hill, $8.70; 
Canton City, $20.65; T. M. Arnold & Wife 
(Mohican) $9.75; Mrs. Frank Leatherman 
(Mt. Zion) $2; John Culler (E. Nimishillen) 
$3; Sarah C. Lawver (E. Nimishillen) $2.50; 
A Friend (Canton Center) $2 110.60 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $303.23; 
Marion, $20.96; Silver Creek, $52; Sand Ridge, 
$13.32; Dupont, $2.75; Sarah Sandy (County 
Line) $1.90; Mrs. Lois Rodabaugh (Eagle 
Creek) $2; No. 93472 (Greenspring) $8, 404.16 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cincinnati, $20; Ft. Mc- 
Kinley, $3; New Carlisle, $64.92;' Painter 
Creek, Oakland, Pitsburg, W. Milton, Harris 
Creek, Bradford, Sidney, Piqua, Covington 
& Pleasant Hill, $63.97; John H. Rinehart & 
Wife (Salem) $5; No. 93312 (Covington) $10; 
J. M. L. (Covington) $10; A Sister (Upper 
Twin) $4; Anna Lesh (Stone Lick) $2; S. S.: 
Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater) $94.35; Har- 
ris Creek, $6.39; Piqua, $17.15; Greenville, 
$6.25; C. W. S.: Junior (E. Dayton) $5; 
Indv.: Harris Harman & Family, $10; Un- 
known donor, $20; Missionary meeting held 
at Ft. McKinley, $158.60; Missionary meeting 

at Prices Creek church, $137.39, 638.02 

Oklahoma— $3.00 

Indv.: Sarah Latimer, 3.00 

Oregon— $4.51 

S. S.: Ashland, 4.51 


E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. C. L. Martin (Lan- 
caster) $9; David E. Fox (Harrisburg) 
$200; Unknown donor (Elizabethtown) $1; 
Al Reber (Lititz) $1; Ministerial Meeting 
(Ephrata) $84.49; D. L. Cripe & Family (Lake 
Ridge) $5; A Brother (Spring Creek) $3; No. 
93203 (Indian Creek) $10; S. S.: Frystown 
(Little Swatara) $9; E. Petersburg, $10.38; 
Rankstown (Fredericksburg) $5.85; Union 
House (Fredericksburg) $2.50; Spring Creek, 
$9.22; Myerstown, $3.12; Mechanic Grove, 
$28.86; Ephrata, $29.50; " Gleaners Class " 
Akron, $5; Midway, $20; District S. S. Board, 
$300, 729.92 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Germany Valley 
(Aughwick) $7.63; Nora Sieber Keller (Hunt- 
ingdon) $25; Wilbur O. Snyder (Hunting- 
don) $3; Susan Rouzer (Snake Spring) $5; 
Hazel Ober (New Enterprise) $10; Mary A. 
Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $21; S. S.: Curry- 
ville (Woodbury) $7.35; Yellow Creek, $10, .. 88.98 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Quakertown, $27.10; 
Sara E. Beck (Germantown-Phila.) $5; Naomi 
T. Kulp (Pottstown) $5; C. P. Buckwalter 
(Coventry) $8; S. S. : Parker Ford, $20; Indv.: 
D. G. 'Hendricks, $10, 75.10 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harvey C. Witter (Mer- 
cersburg) $5; Mrs. Annie E. Emmert (Ship- 
pensburg) $5; Mrs. Solomon Bashore (Lost 
Creek) $3.50; Geo. E. Myers (York) $9; S. S.: 
Melrose (Upper Codorus) $10.46; York, $10; 

New Fairview, $7.97; Hanover, $6.72; Indv.: 
Mrs. Martha Hollinger, $1; A Sister of Dills- 
burg, $7, 65.65 

W. Dist., Cong.: Moxham, $120; Greens- 
burg, $10; Rummel, $150; Red Bank, $5.66; 
Cumberland, $10; Annie E. Musser (Elk Lick) 
$5; Ruth Ann Moser (Ten Mile) $1; M. R. 
Hamilton & Wife (Mt. Union) $10; Lucinda 
Holsopple (Locust Grove) $10; E. G. Hetrick 
(Red Bank) $5; J. Clark Brilhart (Montgom- 
ery) $6.50; Quinter Wegley & Family (Mox- 
ham) $25; Mrs. Anna Saylor (Rockwood) 
$5; Alma F. Walker (Geiger) $25; Galen B. 
Royer (M. N.) (Pittsburg) $.50; . S. S. : 
" Women's Bible Class " County Line (In- 
dian Creek) $10; Wilpen (Ligonier) $3.95, .. 402.61 
Tennessee— 10.00 

Cong.: No. 93175 (Pleasant Valley), 10.00 

Texas— $2.25 

Indv.: H. F. Osborn & Family, 2.25 

Virginia— $190.76 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $17; Trevilians, 
$4; Manassas, $26.53; Mt. Carmel $16.06; Chas. 
E. Miller (Locust Grove) $30, 93.59 

First Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $11.65; Jake 
Beckner & Wife (Mt. Joy) $3; Mrs. Ella 
Bowman (Smiths Chapel) $2; Fannie R. 
Lavell (Mt. Joy) $5; Freeman Ankrum & 
Wife (Chestnut Grove) $5, 26.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sarah C. Showalter 
(Cooks Creek) $3; Wm. A. Good (Harrison- 
burg) $2; Fannie L. Mason (Linville Creek) 
$5; Mrs. Flora P. Myers (Mill Creek) $5; 
S. S.: Harrisonburg, $9.65, 24.65 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Geo. R. Robertson (Chim- 
ney Run) $3.87; Chas. B. Gibbs (Valley 
Bethel) $10; P. J. Wenger (Lebanon) $2.50; 
Bertie C. Wenger (Lebanon) $2.50; Mary M. 
Wenger (Lebanon) $2; R. Virginia Miller 
(Bridgewater) $1, 21.87 

So. Dist., Cong.: Snow Creek, $10; Mary J. 
Tucker (Merrimac) $2; Mrs. Nannie Sutphin 
(Red Oak Grove) $5; Indv.: Mrs. Mary Rad- 

cliff, $5; Sarah J. Hylton, $2, 24.00 

Washington— $120.19 

Cong.: Omak, $34.19; Mrs. J. F. Baker (No. 
Spokane) $31.50; Hazel Baker (No. Spokane) 
$4.50; Mrs. S. O. Hatfield (Wenatchee Val- 
ley) $50, 120.19 

West Virginia— $96.95* 

First Dist., Cong.: Alleghany, $4.95; W. 
W. Bane & Wife (Beaver Run) $70; Mrs. 
Jacob A. Hinkle, $3, 77.95 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Jesse Judy, $6; Lucy A. 
Manzy, $1; Susie Davidson, $2; Mrs. Ger- 
trude Brown, $10, 19.00 

Wisconsin — $7.00 

S. S.: Maple Grove, $2; Aid Soc. : Stanley, 
$5, 7.00 

Total for the month, $6,145.21 

Total previously reported, 42,886.77 

Correction No. 11, _ 20.00 

Total for the year, $49,051.98 


Illinois— $11.90 

So. Dist., S. S.: LaMotte Prairie, $ 11.90 

Louisiana— $16.90 

S. S.: Roanoke, 16.90 

Ohio— $4.69 

So. Dist., S. S.: Painter Creek, 4.69 

South Dakota— $10.00 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 10.00 

Virginia— $100.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Cloverdale, 100.00 

Total for the month, $ 143.49 

Total previously reported, 1,058.79 

Total for the year, $1,202.28 


Indiana— $543.00 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Man- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Chester College, $ 543.00 

Total for the month, $ 543.00 

Total previously reported, 2,567.28 

Total for the year, $1,202.28 


Illinois— $7.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: I. J. Gibson & Wife 
(Woodland), $ 7.00 

Total for the month, $ 7.00 

Total previously reported, 35.00 

Total for the year, $ 42.00 

Kansas— SI. 00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Mont Ida, S 1.00 

Michigan— $20.00 

Aid Societies, 20.00 

Ohio— $35.00 

X. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Fostoria, 35.00 

West Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Maple Spring (Eglon), 10.00 

Total for the month $ 66.00 

Total previously reported, 3,281.02 

Total for the year, S 3,347.02 

Illinois— $41.95 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $ 41.95 

Indiana— $26.40 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 26.40 

Missouri— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Prairie View, 10.00 

Oregon— $9.67 

Cong.: Xo. 93241, (Weston) $5; S. S. : Ash- 
land, $4.67 9.67 

Pennsylvania— $6.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Germany Valley (Augh- 
wick), 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mary Bixler (York), .. 1.00 

Virginia— $27.53 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas 26.53 

First Dist.,. Cong.: Mrs. Martha A. Riner 

(Chestnut Grove), 1.00 

West Virginia— $5.00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Gertrude Brown, .. 5.00 

Total for the mnth, $ 126.55 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 859.41 


California— $1.00 

Xo. Dist., Indv.: Grace Messick, $ 1.00 

Iowa— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Cedar Rapids, .... 10.00 

Ohio— $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Annie May Calvert (Mav 

Hill) 25.00 

Pennsylvania — $15.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Diligent Worker's Class" 

(Ephrata), 15.00 

Virginia— $26.53 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas, 26.53 

Washington— $25.00 

Cong.: Mrs. W. H. Slabaugh (Wenatchee), 

Total for the month, f 

Total previously reported, 266.85 

Total for the year, $ 369.38 

Idaho— $6.65 

Cong.: A Brother (Payette), $ 6.65 

Indiana— $100.00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Xo. 93384 (1st So. Bend), 100.00 
Kansas— $7.01 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Monitor, 7.01 

Ohio— $4.87 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 4.87 

Oregon— $2.00 

Indv.: Olive Beck, 2.00 

Pennsylvania— $27.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Frank M. Russell 
(Clover Creek) 25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Otelia Hereter 

(Marsh Creek) 2.00 

Virginia— $10.00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Geo. J. Hoover 
(Woodstock), 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 157.53 

Total previously reported, 3,861.48 

Total for the year, $4,019.01 


California— $6.87 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Lois and Frances Bowser 
(Figarden), $5; S. S.: Primary & Junior 

Depts. (Raisin) $1.87, $ . 6.87 

Idaho— $18.57 

S. S.: Children (Payete Valley), 18.57 

Illinois— $57.70 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Ruth Genevieve Clark 
(Mt. Morris) $1.50; Wilber Clark (Mt. Mor- 
ris) $1; S. S. : Xaperville, $18.99; junior In- 
termediate Dept. (Xaperville) $36.21, 57.70 

Indiana— $69.73 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Children (Spring Creek), 50.02 

Xo. Dist., S. S. : Children (Xappanee), .... 19.71 

Iowa— $105.21 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Children (Dallas Center) 
$70; Classes of Mrs. Leota Rometsch and 
Lora Deardorff (Bagley) $15.21, 85.21 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, 20.00 

Ohio— $152.75 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Children (Ashland 
Dickey), 109.75 

X. W. Dist., Junior League, Rome 28.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. (Ft. Mc- 
Kinley) 15.00 

Pennsylvania— $33.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. Classes 
(Geiger), 33.00 

Total for the month, $ 443.83 

Total previously reported, 524.70 

Total for the year, $ 968.53 

Indiana — $3.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Grace (Indianapolis), ..$ 3.50 

Maryland— $10.00 
W. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, 10.00 

Michigan — $25.00 
Cong.: Ruth I. Vaniman (Elsie),) 25.00 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Cong.: Mrs. M. J. Kanost (Enders), .... 10.00 

Pennsylvania — $75.67 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midway (Anklesvar Train- 
ing School) $10; S. S. : Harrisburg (milk and 
medicine for Babies) %53.72, 63.72 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockwood, $4.60; Middle 
Creek, $7.35, 11.95 

Total for the month, $ 124.17 

Total previously reported, 3,986.73 

Total for the year, $4,110.90 


Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, $ 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Prof. C. C. Madeira, Jr. 
& Wife (Lake Ridge), 10.00 

Total for the month, S 20.00 

Total previously reported, 595.42 

Total for the year, $ 615.42 


The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, $ 5.00 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: "Comrades" Class 

(Larned Rural), 10.00 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., Aid. Soc. : Western (Mill Creek), 35.00 

Total for the month, $ 50.00 

Total previously reported, • 1,190.38 

Total for the year, ...". $1,240.38 

Illinois— $12.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Edith M. Scrogum (1st 

Chicago), $ 12.50 

Indiana— $12.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Chapel, 12.50 

Ohio— $12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Altruists" Class (E. 

Dayton), 12.50 

Oregon — $12.50 

S. S.: Newberg, 12.50 

Pennsylvania — $50.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Bethany Bible Class " 
(Elizabethtown), 25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Run, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 100.00 

Total previously reported, 2,495.08 

Total for the year, $2,595.08 

Oklahoma— $2.00 

Indv. : Sarah Latimer, $ 2.00 

Virginia— $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Marys and Marthas" 
Class (Linville Creek), 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 12.00 

Total previously reported, 78.23 

Total for the year, $ 90.23 


N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington Creek, ..$ 7.31 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parsons, $15; Hollow, 

$7, 22.00 

Maryland— $13.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Westminster C. E. (Mead- 
ow Branch), 13.00 

Nebraska— $30.80 

Cong.: Enders, 30.80 

Pennsylvania — $24.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harmonyville, 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chambersburg, $7.80; 

Shady Grove (Falling Spring) $11.20, 19.00 

South Dakota— $5.00 

S. S.: Junior Class (Bunker), 5.00 

Virginia— $27.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Martha A. Riner 
(Chestnut Grove), 1.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, 26.50 

Total for the month, $ 129.61 

Total previously reported, 3,391.78 

Total for the year .' $3,521.39 

Kansas— 20.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Beginner & Primary 
Depts. (Ottawa), $ 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 20.00 

Total previously reported 51.25 

Total for the year, $ 71.25 

Illinois— $50.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept. (Elgin) $25; 

C. W. S.: Sterling, $25 50.00 

Indiana— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Manchester, 100.00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class 

(Painter Creek), 25.00 

Maryland— $6.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mission Study Class 

(Long Green Valley), 6.25 

Pennsyl v an i a — $75.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class (Lan- 
caster), 50.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Run, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 256.25 

Total previously reported, 1,050.90 

Total for the year, $1,307.15 

Ohio— $18.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Sand Ridge, $5.50; 
S. S.: Junior Class (Sand Ridge) $13, $ 18.50 

Total for the month, $ 18.50 

Total previously reported, 41.55 

Total for the year, $ 60.05 

Colorado— 10.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Three L" Class (Fruita)$ 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 134.50 

Total for the year, $ 144.50 

California— $26.34 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Conqueror's Class" 

(Pasadena), $ 26.34 

Indiana— $169.08 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rock Run, $8.25; S. S.: 
Mrs. H. J. Claybaugh's Class (Middlebury) 
9.35; Cradle Roll, Beginners & Primary 
Classes (Middlebury) $10; Y. P. D.' of 
District, $131.48, 159.08 

So. Dist., Cong.: I. A. Teeter (Nettle 
Creek), 10.00 

Iowa— $118.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Alice B. Snyder 
(Cedar Rapids), 100.00 

No. Dist., Home Dept.: Greene, 18.00 

North Dakota— $5.00 

Indv. : Mrs. Anna Irwin, 5.00 

Oregon— $9.65 

S. S.: Portland, 9.65 

Ohio— $549.46 

N. E. Dist., Canton City (work of H. S. 
Kulp) 10; No. 93318 (Akron) (Mission dwell- 
ing) $500, 510.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle. $10; Spring- 
field, $9.46; Sherman & Ella Mohler (E. Day- 
ton) 10; C. W. S.: New Carlisle, $10, 39.46 

Pennsylvania— $180.12 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, $125; 
District S. S. Convention, $55.12, 180.12 

West Virginia— $7.60 

First Dist., S. S. : Junior & Primary Clas- 
ses of Harness Run (Knobley & Beaver 
Run) 7.60 

Total for the month, $1,065.25 

Total previously reported, 6,079.87 

Total for the year, $7,145.12 

Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class 
(Woodberry-Baltimore) $15; " Men's Bible 

Class" (Washington City) $25, $ 40.00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Run, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 65.00 

Total previously reprted, 218.75 

Total for the year, $ 283.75 

(Continued on Page 60) 





Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 


Gravbill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill. Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 


Baker. Elizabeth, 1922 
Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, -Marie Woody, 1924 
Cline, Mary E.. 1920 
Florv, Edna R.,' 1917 
Hollenberg, Ada D., 1922 
Hollenberg, John, 1926 
II .rning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
II ning. Martha D., 1919 
Metzger, Minerva. 1910 
se, Norman A., 1917 
- s Anna. 1917 
Schaeffer. Mary, 1917 
Smith. W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith. Frances Sheller. 1920 
Vaniman, Ernest D.. 1913 
Yaniman, Susie C, 1913 

Liao Chcu, Shansi, China 
Cofrman, Dr. Carl. 1921 

nan, Lulu Ullom, 1919 

Florv, Raymond. 1914 
Flory. Lizzie X., 1914 
Horning. Emma. 1903 
Oberholtzer. I. E.. 1916 
Oberholtzer, Fliz. W., 1916 
Pollock. Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M.. 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Florv, Byron M., 1917 
Florv. Nora, 1917 

sey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 

Shansi, China 
Ikenberry, F. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia D., 1922 

Peking, China, Yen Ching, 

Schocl of Chinese Studies, 5 

Tung Ssu, Tao Tiao 
Ulrey, Ruth F., 1926 

On Furlough 

Bowman. Samuel B., 708 S. 
Central Park Ave., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1918 
Bowman. Pearl S., 1918 
Bright, J. Homer, 1208 Xo. 
Wayne St., No. Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1911 
Bright. Minnie F.. 1911 
Crumpacker, F. IL, Elgin, 

111.. 1908 
Crumpacker. Anna X., 1908 
Hutchison. Anna. Easton, 
Md., 1911 

Myers, Minor M., Bridge- 
water. "Va., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z.. 1919 
Sollenberger, O. C, Tippe- 
canoe City, O.. care of 
J. W. Coppock, 1919 
Sollenberger. Hazel C, 1919 
Wampler. Dr. Fred J., 
Westminster. Md.. R. "4, 
Bx. 92, 1913 
Wampler, Rehecca C, 1913 


Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, 
via Jos & Numan 

Beahm. William M.. 1924 
Beahm. Esther E., 1924 
Flohr. Earl W.. 1926 
Flohr. Ella. 1926 
Gibbel, Dr. T. Paul. 1926 
Gibbel, Verda H.. 1926 
Harper. Clara. 1926 
Heckman. Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman. Lucile G.. 1924 
Helser, Albert D.. 1922 
Helser, Lola B., 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover. 1922 
Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Shisler, Sara. 1926 

On Furlough 

Burke. Dr. Homer I... : > I 
5t., Chicago, 

Til.. 1923 
Burke. Marguerite S.. 1923 
Mallott. Ruth B . R. F. D., 

Greenville, Ohio, % I. G. 

Biocher, 1924 


Ahwa, Dangs, India 
Garner, H. 1'., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B.. 1916 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, . 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
sso, Lillian. 1917 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long. Effie \'.. 1903 
Miller. Sadie T-, 1903 
Moomaw, I. W., 1923 
Moomaw. Mabel W., 1923 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Woods, Beulah. 1924 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z.. 1917 
Blickenstaft, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaft, Mary B.. 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., 1913 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M.. 1913 
Kintner. Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Tennie. 1916 
Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer. 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H, 1919 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist 

Ebbert. Ella. 1917 
Metzger. Dr. Ida. 1925 
Xickey, Dr. Barbara M., 191 - 
Royer. B. Marv, 1913 
Wolf. L. Mae. 1922 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller. Eliza B.. 1900 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow. Anna Beahm, 1923 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, John L, 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz. Goldie E., 1916 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Hollenberg, Fred M.. 1919 
Hollenberg, Xora R.. 1919 

Post Umal'a, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F.. 1919 
Summer, Xettie B., 1919 
\\ iddowson. Olive, 1912 
Ziegler. Kathryn. ' 190S~ 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 

Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z.. 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J., 1924 
Brooks. Ruth F.. 1924 
Mow. Anetta, 1917 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaft'. Verna M. Cer- 
ro Gordo. 111., 1919 

Brumbaugh. Anna B., Hart- 
ville. O.. 1919 

Butterbaugh. Andrew G., 
3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago. 111.. 1919 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L.. 1919 

Ebey, Adam, X. Manches- 
ter. Ind., c 'r College, 1900 

Ebey, Alice K., 1900 

Forney, D. L., LaVerne. 
Calif., 1897 

Fornev. Anna M., 1897 

Hoffert. A. T.. 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111.. 

Miller. Arthur S. B.. 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago. 
111., 1919 

Miller. Jennie B.. 1919 

Replogle. Sara, Xew Enter- 
prise. Pa., 1919 


Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bolinger, Am sey, 1922 
Bolinger, Florence, 1922 
Wampler, Xelie, 1922 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



The Miser 

A Miser used to hide his gold at the 
foot of a tree in his garden. Every 
week he dug it up and gloated .over 
his gains. A Robber, who had noticed 
this, stole the buried gold. When 
the Miser next came to gloat over his 
treasures he found nothing but an 
empty hole. Hearing his outcry the 
neighbors gathered round. One asked 
him, " Did you ever make any use of 
it? " " No," he replied, " I only 
came to look at it." "Then come 
again and look at the hole," said the 
neighbor. " It will do you just as 
much good." 

Wealth unused might as well not exist. 

This age-old fable is quite well in accord with our Lord's 
parable of the pound "laid up in a napkin" (Luke 19). 

How wise are those people who are concerned to make 
profitable use of the means with which God has blessed them ! 

They invest their money safely and for income. 

The Mission Board of the church is one of the Lord's 
treasuries to receive the investments of our people. Since 1884 
it has successfully handled more than two millions of dollars 
of such funds. This has been to the financial profit of more 
than a thousand individuals who got their regular annuity 
checks from us. But think of the uncalculable eternal profits 
through the vast investments these people made in mission 
annuity and endowment. 

Write for Booklet V 227 

f!ei\eral Mission Board 



£lgii\. Illinois 



Church of the 'Brethren 

^"•— — 

Vol. XXIX 

March, 1927 

No. 3 


A Call to Prayer 

Evangelistic Work at Liao Chow 

Fruits of Labors - 

Chinese Gospel Campaign 

A Letter from Missionary Father to Son 

Africa Program Suggestions 

Building at Garkidda - 

Interesting Young Sisters in the Aid Work 

Junior League Ball Keeps Rolling 

Charles D. Bonsack 
Nettie Senger 

Clarence C. Heckjnan 

Mrs, Pearl Bontz 

Aunt Adalyn 







OTHO WINGER, President, North Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, Waterloo, 
Iowa, 1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1927. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. 1, 1930. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1931. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

The date indicates the year when Board Members' terms expire. 
All correspsndence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, III. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
four dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give four dollars or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be 
interested in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE ENTERED UNLESS 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
eyery four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, 
■o matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be 
sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Friends of Many Firesides 

A New Illustrated Lecture for Children 

The purpose of this lecture is to build good will in the hearts of our children 
for. all children of the world. It will aid in establishing strong missionary founda- 
tions. It is intended to encourage the Junior League work. 

The set contains 54 slides. The lecture begins with a w6rship program in- 
cluding Scripture reading, prayer and the song, " I Think When I Read that Sweet 
Story of Old." All of these items are well illustrated. Then the children go on a 
journey around the world and learn the fine traits of other children. Upon returning 
from their journey they are introduced to the work of the Junior League in various 
parts of our brotherhood. A written lecture accompanies the set. 

The rental is $2, and return transportation. If a missionary offering is taken 
and return transportation is paid there is no rental fee. Order as far in advance as 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIX 

March, 1927 

No. 3 




A Call to Prayer on World Issues, 67 

The Evangelistic Work at Liao Chow, By Charles D. Bonsack, 68 

Fruits of Labors, By Nettie M. Senger, 70 

Gospel Campaign in Ten Chinese Villages, 72 

Industrial and Building Work at Garkidda, By Clarence C. Heckman, ..73 

India Notes, By Jennie Mohler and Nora Hollenberg, 74 

China Notes for December, By Marie Brubaker, 75 


Missionary News, 78 

A Marriage Announcement, 78 

Africa Program Suggestions, 80 


How Interest Young Sisters in Aid Society Work, By Mrs. Pearl Bontz, 82 

Aid Society Beginnings, Bv Flora E. Teague, 83 

In Buraland (Poem), By S. M. Burger, 83 

the junior missionary- 
How the Ball Keeps Rolling, 84 

From a Missionary Father to His Son, 86 

By the Evening Lamp, 87 



On March 4 the Christian Women of the 

world will be uniting in prayer for the work 
of Christ in all lands. It will be literally 
true that "From the rising of the sun unto 
the going down of the same, the Lord's 
name is to be praised." As the earth begins 
her journey around the sun of that day, 
groups of women and girls and men, too, 
in Japan, Korea and China and all the 
Orient will be wending their way to the 
trysting place. North and South America 
will follow; also the Islands of the sea and 
Europe, Africa and Asia, until the world 

shall be encircled in a garment of prayer 
and praise. 

Our own women in the Church of the 
Brethren are joining this victorious throng, 
and changes will come to pass because of 
the efforts of that day. Our Sisters' Aid 
organization really proves itself to be a Sis- 
ters' Missionary Society, for they have 
sounded this call to prayer out to every 
local Aid group. 

Among the conditions of prayer are sin- 
cerity of heart and intelligent minds and 
hands that are willing to be used, even 


The Missionary Visitor 


though the toil be hard and the going some- 
times rough. Let the men join in helping 
the women meet these conditions for suc- 
cessful prayer. 

Character That Responds to Law. We 
cannot depend on laws to save men. Nei- 
ther prohibition laws, speed' laws, church 
laws nor the divinely-ordained laws will save 
men apart from individual redemption. The 
lifting of society to higher levels is cer- 
tainly desirable and a goal toward which 
we should work. But we must first deal 
with the individual if we would bring about 
reconstruction in justice, in peace and social 

A greater emphasis on the unity of God 
and the law of the universe is needed in 
our work of religious education. It is not 
possible for individuals to make laws or to 
change the law of God. The task of the 
church is to acquaint men with God and 
train them in habits of communion and fel- 
lowship with him. Jesus has shown us the 
Father, and through Christ are we saved. 
Some one has fittingly said, in speaking of 
the Ten Commandments, "These are not 
laws ; they are the law." All church laws 
are an effort at more clearly defining the 
law of God. Our church will be strength- 
ened if we can build in the hearts of our 
children, and grown folks as well, the desire 
and will to obey the law of God. The 
pronouncement of laws accomplishes little 
good until this process of conversion and 
character building has made definite ad- 

Prophecy for the Minister and Promotion 
for the Layman. In how many of our 
churches is the minister the hired man of 
the church, supposed to do the greater part 
of the work of the church? All of the func- 
tions come so largely under the control of 
the minister that he appears to be the ruler 
of the church. In fact, he often refers to 
HIS church with an implied sense of owner- 
ship. The church needs to be democratic. 
It does not belong to the minister. The 
work of the minister needs to be prophetic. 
While it should not be so far removed from 
the everyday affairs of life that it has no 
reference to the daily problems of men, yet 
the minister should breathe the deep, pure 
air above the low, smoke-laden sky and 
bring not only to his church but to the 
community the truth from the realms of 

reality. A minister has to get away from 
the workaday problems of his immediate en- 
vironment in order to receive such visions. 

This leads me to say that every church 
should have a strong missionary committee 
that promotes the missionary work of the 
church. The work of promotion should be 
shared by the minister, but certainly the 
laymen and women of the church should 
bear a heavy part in this work. There is 
a wide difference in practice in organizing 
churches for missions. In some congrega- 
tions the very best and ablest members are 
placed on the missionary committee. They 
are heard from. They let their members 
know about the live issues of missions. 
Their churches give for missions. In strik- 
ing contrast to this are congregations that 
formally elect a missionary superintendent 
or committee, from which they really do 
not ask nor expect missionary promotion. 
Of course there are instances where the 
work of promotion must necessarily fall on 
the minister. This situation should be 
changed. Probably it will be brought about 
by cultivating laymen in whom there are 
latent possibilities. Many laymen would 
develop into special leaders if they were 
encouraged by being elected delegates to 
District and Annual Meetings and had other 
opportunities which help men to develop 
leadership qualities. 

The Situation in China. Our whole 
church, and particularly the relatives and 
friends of the missionaries, are anxious to 
know concerning the safety of our mis- 
sionaries. The war in China has been in 
the southern section, and there is no es- 
pecial disturbance in Shansi Province, where 
our missionaries are located. Troops have 
been passing through our territory and 
railroad service is greatly interfered with. 
Our missionaries are forced to discontinue 
sending certain classes of heavy mail, but 
they have been in no real physical danger 
except when traveling outside of our prov- 

The situation for missionaries in other 
parts has been very disturbing. Many have 
been forced to leave their work and go to 
places of safety. We do not anticipate that 
the war will be extended to the Shansi 
Province, but war is cruel and uncertain. 
Let us all pray for the missionaries and par- 
ticularly for the triumph of righteousness 
in China. 

March The Missionary Visitor 67 

A Call to Prayer on World Issues 

The many critical international problems confronting our conn- 1 

try at the present hour have led ns to suggest concerted prayer ^ 

throughout the churches. Xo hard-and-fast date is fixed, and there A 

is no proposal for interfering in any way with the normal services 1 

of worship. The suggestion is rather made that, during March, each L 

minister, in connection with his regular program, direct the attention 4 

of his people to the spiritual issues involved in our relations with * 

China, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Europe. 4 

"In view of the many grave problems tlircatening to disturb 
the peace of the world today, let every minister turn the thought 
of his people to those large aspects of the kingdom of God on earth 
which concern justice, goodzvill and peace between nations. Let 
God's special blessing and guidance be sought, to the end tliat all 
zvlw in any way sliare in the responsibility for our international 
policies may see their problems and duties in the light of the common 
interests of all peoples as members of the one family of God. 

"Let prayer be offered for China, asking tliat the United States ^ 

and other nations may look with sympathy and Jielpfuhiess on her J> 

problems and be guided to take those actions that may secure justice 1 

and goodwill. <* 

" Let prayer be offered that the mutual dealings of the United ^ 

States, Mexico, and Nicaragua may be right and just in the sight 
of God. 


" Let prayer be offered also that the relations of the United ! 

States and Europe may be so guided as to do away with suspicion J^ 

and ill-will and may lead to mutual sympathy, understanding and j[ 

helpfulness. \+ 

"Let us pray that the vast body of Christian people in our * 

churches may be led by the Spirit of God to sec the kingdom of God 
in its larger relations and responsibilities." 

Let all women join on March 4, a day of special prayer for 
missions, in order that communion with God may be entered into 
in behalf of kingdom issues. 

V • V • V" 



The Missionary Visitor 


The Evangelistic Work at Liao Chow 

Secretary Bonsack's message to the children who have worked to carry the Gospel to 

Liao Chow. Charles D. Bonsack and J. J. Yoder spent the last three 

months of 1926 with the China Mission 


MORE than three thousand children in 
America are working hard to sus- 
tain the evangelistic work at Liao 
Chow station in China. We wish it might be 
possible for each of them to see this big 
field of service with its possibilities. Since 
this is impossible we shall describe in part 
this field and what is being done. 

The territory embraces five counties, rang- 
ing in population from about 125,000 to 140,- 
000 each, or nearly 700,000 in all. The people 
are scattered over an area about 60 miles 
wide by 135 miles long. Much of this is 
mountainous, with scarcely any roads any- 
where except donkey paths. There are no 
railroads within the territory. But the coun- 
try is beautiful, and most of it is well farmed, 
indeed. Chinese farmers could teach Ameri- 
can farmers many lessons in thrift, and the 
care of soil and crops. Their little fields are 
like the best garden beds in America, well 
tilled and never a weed to be seen. Every- 
thing is done with care and by hand work, 
except plowing, which is a one-handed plow 
drawn by donkeys or oxen usually. 

The people live in villages, going out to 
their farms near by each day. Their houses 
are made of mud or brick usually, and cov- 
ered with tile. Each property has a wall 
around it, which makes every street a nar- 
row footpath between two walls. They sleep 
on brick beds called " kangs," under which 
there is heat in very cold weather. They eat 
with " chopsticks " all their food, whether 
it be soup, noodles or cabbage, drinking from 
the bowl what cannot be readily handled with 
the sticks. Little children become quite ex- 
pert in the use of these sticks, and it is most 
interesting to see them satisfy a good appe- 
tite with . a dish of noodles. Their clothing 
is simple and practical, little girls and ladies 
often wearing trousers like their brothers, 
but with usually brighter colors. If any- 
thing is worn on the head, it is generally a 
round black cap without any form of brim. 

The people in this large territory of Liao 
Chow are mostly farmers and live with fair 

comfort, even though the struggle for a liv- 
ing in China is accompanied with hard work 
and difficulty. There is not as much poverty 
in this section as in some places in China. 
The people are a little more responsive to 
the Christian message than some other 
places, too. But of course the work will be 
slow, for those of us in the homeland cannot 
know all the difficulties of language, different 
life and customs, which hinder and complex 
the work of missions. Yet there is so much 
being done and to be hoped for that it is 
really surprising and causes us to thank God 
for those who are working and those who 
make this possible. 

The evangelistic work here and everywhere 
in China is of greatest importance. This is 
the foundation of all else and the real pur- 
pose of missions. Our missionaries are all 
united in this opinion more and more as the 
work grows. Of course schools, hospitals 
and industrial work are most necessary, but 
only become permanently so as the Chris- 
tian constituency is assured through sound 
and patient evangelism in every contact with 
the people. So, while it may be more* diffi- 
cult to see the results of this kind of activity 
than the work of putting up buildings, yet 
it is all the more important, because the 
Bible says, " The things which are seen are 
temporal, but the things which are not seen 
are eternal." 

At the present time Bro. Oberholtzer is 
looking after this evangelistic work at Liao 
Chow. He is helped by Bro. R. C. Flory, who 
is also assisting the farmers to do better 
farming while he also helps them to be Chris- 
tians. Sister Nettie Senger spends about all 
her time in the country among the villages, 
while Sister Emma Horning at present is 
. working in the town and near-by villages. 
Sister Laura Shock, meanwhile, is conducting 
the Girls' School, and Sister Pollock is caring 
for the sick folks at the hospital. In addition, 
there are Chinese brethren and sisters help- 
ing everywhere — a doctor at the hospital, 
teachers in the schools, one in charge of the 



The Missionary Visitor 


Our Hanto Christians 

Here is a small group of members of a village about twelve miles from Liao Chow. To these we 
carry the Word every two weeks. They furnish everything, and the mission sends them the preacher, 
so that a small sum of foreign funds is needed here. The evangelist stands second from the right. 

Boys' School, and more than a dozen here 
and there among the villages, teaching and 
preaching in schools, homes, and tent. In 
facs, the important part of the work will al- 
ways have to be done by the Chinese Chris- 
tians themselves. They understand their 
people and can evaluate their customs and 
thinking so much better than we; but foreign 
advice and sympathetic guidance will be 
much needed for a long, long time. 

We met with many of these people in their 
homes in prayer and song. We could not 
speak to them, except through an interpreter ; 
but it was most interesting to hear them sing 
and pray. We saw Bro. Oberholtzer baptize 
six men and women who were most earnest 
in their purpose ; one dear old man praying 
devoutly during his immersion. A large crowd 
present was about as respectful as are many 
such crowds at home. 

We have attended two of the love feasts 
in this field. They are very much like at 
home, except that we have Chinese food and 
eat with chopsticks. Much of this is all very 
new and different to these people, but with 
the Spirit of Christ in their hearts it will not 
be long until such a service will be as natural 
as among our churches at home, though the 

teaching is difficult and requires much pa- 
tience and adjustment. 

The services at the tent are most encour- 
aging. At night the tent is usually full; but 
many attend during tl^e entire day. The 
workers meet in the morning for prayer and 
then singing, teaching, and reading keep up 
during the day. The children are taught 
many Christian songs; in fact, this is one of 
the best ways of planting the gospel message. 
One can hear children singing Christian 
melodies many places, which means much 
for the future. A worker with children also 
goes with the tent to give them special teach- 
ing. The tent will stay in a place two or three 
weeks, according to interest, always leaving 
while the interest is good. Then the work is 
followed by a permanent Chinese worker. 
The efforts promise much success if this 
follow-up work can be made effective. 

This evangelistic campaign is being pushed 
about as fast as the villages want it and are 
willing to make some sacrifice to have it. The 
expenses are usually paid by the village apart 
from the support of the worker. One village is 
now so strong that they are planning to build 
their own churchhouse. Of course, in the 

(Continued on Page 77) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Fruits of 


(Note. This message was written during the 
summer of 1926) 

THIS summer I have realized a hope 
of years in being able to be in the 
evangelistic field during the vacation 
months. It is extremely hot, especially since 
I went from a high place like Liao Chow 
to a much lower level and all hemmed in by 
the highest mountains of this district. 

Two vacation Bible classes are in session, 
and some time is spent with each class to 
help the student teachers. The children are 
very much interested and come regularly. 
They are mostly from Christian homes. 
They are especially interested in the hand- 
work, knitting caps and mittens. Several 
of the adults also are coming to learn to 
knit. They are using local sheep wool spun 
into thread. The needles are of wire, bought 
on the streets here. All the people have 
sheep and can clothe themselves in home- 
spun wool cheaper than in the cotton im- 
ported clothing. 

Yesterday, at the home of a late village 
elder, we made a kettle of soap. They are 
more and more becoming interested in mak- 
ing soap, for they are learning that it can 
be done. They need help to be able to use 
all their local products to the best advantage. 
We hope to be helpful to them in every 
part of their activities and thoughts. It is 
only after we live with them until we are 
well acquainted with their world that we 
can be of any vital help in their thought 
life, especially concerning their religion. 

We bring new religious truth to them as 
much as is possible for them to assimilate 
and utilize. Our aim is not so much to teach 
a great deal as to get them to live up to 
the truth they have grasped. This method 
does bring results, and there are fruits of 
our labors. 

Just last week we had a time of rejoicing 
in the Matien church, when seventeen peo- 
ple — four women and thirteen men — repre- 
senting seven villages, were baptized in the 
river near here. I, personally, know them 
all, and have been in their homes often. 
Their faith is exceptional. Two of the 
women walked four miles in the forenoon 
to be baptized in the afternoon. One of 


to China 

.them said to me, "If it means death, I am 
ready to die." She has fought through 
many a battle, to be able; to come this far. 
Her husband is a Christian, and her son was 
baptized with her. The daughter, of thir- 
teen, wanted to come, too, but some one 
had to stay at home to keep gate. She 
will be baptized next year. The other 
/woman is in her sixties, from the same vil- 
lage, and was led to Christ by her son. 
With her came her grandson. 

Another young woman came seventeen 
miles, over a mountain, and forded a big 
river, escorted by her husband, who was to 
be baptized. The mother, seventy-eight 
years of age, wanted to be baptized, but did 
not understand the letter sent and thought 
she could come a week later and be in time 
for the baptismal service but miss the 
classes. I knew how much she wanted to 
come, so I sent my horse these seventeen 
miles after her. She got here at five o'clock 
in the afternoon, all tired out, for what dear 
old mother of seventy-eight would not be 
tired after riding in a saddle for half a day! 
She rested only a minute and went to the 
river for the service. She was wonderful 
in the water. We have no way to explain 
her beautiful, submissive baptism, only that 
her faith was unusually great. Having ar- 
rived late, I had no opportunity to tell her 
about the service and she had never seen a 
baptism. She did not know there would 
be questions asked in the water. When 
asked if she believed in God, she answered 
in the affirmative. When asked if she be- 
lieved in Christ as the Son of God, and her 
Savior, she answered, " Of course I believe. 
I believe it all, and have believed for a long 
time." Her answer seems a bit amusing, 
but the childlike faith with such great depths 
makes me want to bow my head and say, 
" Praise the Lord for such faith." 

She was so worn out that the next day 
she slept most all day, and the following 
day went home rejoicing. Thirty-four sat 
at the communion table, and I'm sure there 
was joy in heaven as God saw the hearts 
and the faith of these children. The whole 
community is interested in this young 


The Missionary Visitor 


church. The membership at the communion 
represented thirteen villages. 

This church represents some first fruits of 
our labors. My prayer through the whole 
service was that the church be strengthened. 
Before this, when I partook of the com- 
munion, I thought of myself and prayed for 
my own strengthening. This time I thought 
only of the new church having their first 
communion, and I counted only as I could 
be of use to them. I now know just a 
little of the agony and strain Paul went 
through for the churches he had brought 
into existence. My prayer was that I may 
be all that I ought to be and not overstep 
bounds and do for them what they ought 
to do for themselves. 

There are hard battles ahead, for Satan 
will not give up these people from his ranks 
without a desperate fight. We are trying 
to guard against it and do our best to 
strengthen the new church. 

Plans are being put into action for the 
building of a churchhouse here. Two vil- 
lage elders will have charge of the building 
program. This church does not need Amer- 
ica's money, but it does need very much 
the prayers of the faithful at home. 

When I got to Matien, a week ago, a 
note was awaiting me from a dear elderly 

mother in a village seven miles distant. 
She was very ill and wanted to see me. I 
was urged to wait until after the com- 
munion, but I felt I could not. By her re- 
quest I prayed at her bedside for her. She 
asked me to remember her daily. She was 
not a baptized Christian, for she had never 
had a chance to be. I left word that I'd 
come again any day at her call. After 
she saw the Chinese evangelists and myself 
she seemed to go down fast, and by the close 
of the communion service they sent a note 
saying that she had died. They also sent 
a donkey to bring my things, and we were 
to go to the home to stay until after the 

All homes here prepare their own caskets. 
I helped put the finishing touches on the 
casket. As we worked the women of the 
family sat on the floor at the foot of the 
casket and wept for their departed mother. 
I also helped make mourning garments. As 
she lay in her casket she had a peaceful, 
restful look on her face. She must cer- 
tainly have been received by her Savior. I 
could not but weep with the family as this 
friend of mine, their mother, was carried out 
to her last resting place. The whole village 
came out to this, the first Christian funeral 

(Continued on Page 83) 

Within the Gospel Tabernacle 

Here are the workers together with some interested ones. Notice the religious and health charts 

hanging from the sides of the tent. To the right you will notice the curtain that is meant to separate 

the men and the women listeners. The size of this tent is about thirty by fifty feet. 

72 The Missionary Visitor March 



There are ten villages within two miles of Liao Chou. We have 
chosen these for a special campaign this year. They are within easy 
walking distance from the city, so all are eager to spend a little time 
from their regular work to help give the Gospel to these near neighbors. 

Since the Woman's School is not large this year the teachers take 
turns each school day in going out with Sister Horning and teaching 
the women in the homes. They visit each home and select the most 
interested ones to use as centers in which to strengthen the work. 

Each Monday Sister Shock goes out with the band in the interests 
of the girls' school. Few of the villages have any school work for 
girls, so we are eager that the rising generation of women know more 
than their mothers. We are especially eager to get them in our 
Christian girls' school. 

Sister Pollock and the nurses of the hospital take turns often in 
going out with the band to look after the sick and help teach. Eye 
trouble and skin diseases are prevalent. The more serious cases are 
advised to go to the hospital. How like Jesus healing the sick while 
preaching the Gospel ! 

The teachers of the boys' school also take their part in this work. 
On pleasant evenings they take the picture lantern out and show 
pictures of the life of Christ and health welfare pictures. These 
meetings are held on the street where the whole village — men, women 
and children — come together and receive the instructions. 

One of the Chinese men evangelists also goes out with the band 
when he has time. He talks to the men on the street while the women 
go in the homes. He hangs up his gospel pictures in a public place, 
and men going to their work are attracted and stop awhile to listen. 
Old men and children form a crowd and listen a longer time. Thus 
the seed is sown. 

The first aim is to teach them to worship God. They do burn 
incense to him once or twice a year. From this as a beginning they are 
taught to worship him every day. Many of them receive the teach- 
ing in simple faith from the first time they hear and are now praying 
to God regularly. One dear old lady said, " I don't take a drink of 
water without thanking God now." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Industrial and Building Work at Garkidda 


SO far as the industrial work at Garkidda 
is concerned it might more properly 
be classed under the head of building. 
With the exception of some experiments and 
some sawing no other work has been done. 
to speak of. A brief survey of the building 
so far might be advantageous. 

At the beginning of 1925 there were three 
white dwellings, a small hospital and a 
storage place for goods and motor car 
(turned into shop), with a number of na- 
tives' houses for helpers and boys. There 
was an immediate need for more buildings 
and an effort was made to supply part of 
the need. The work of building a horse 
barn was started in November, 1925. As 
individual members of the mission were 
willing to furnish the horses, the mission 
thought best to provide a building for their 
permanent abode. Accordingly a barn to 
house six horses, a wagon and a motor car, 
was built. This was finished about the end 
of 1925. Then other building problems pre- 
sented themselves. Two houses for married 
hospital assistants were started, along with 
a small brick kiln, a kitchen for Mr. Beahm 
and a boys' house for Mr. Mallott. These 
were finished in the early part of 1925. 

There had been a distinct need for an- 
other dwelling, and this was started about 
the first of December, 1925, and finished 

to Africa 

March 1. 1926. Each new establishment 
calls for a corresponding new line-up of out- 
side houses — a kitchen, a store, a toilet. 
These were either built or other buildings 
were used for the purpose needed. Some 
new features came about in the building 
of the new dwelling. Only time will tell 
whether they are better than the methods 
used earlier in building here. 

The three older houses had to have some 
repairing done to provide for a dry time 
during the wet season. Even though the 
cost of a grass roof is small, as compared 
to the expense of other materials, such as 
corrugated iron, it is true that it is a con- 
stant expense year after year. It needs fre- 
quent repairing. We look forward to the 
time when we can, have more permanent 
roofs and floors. Cement floors would 
make mansions out of hovels for most of 
these houses. 

The spring of 1925 some experiments were 
made with pit sawing, but it was such a 
new thing to these people, and so new to 
the whites as well, that little was accom- 
plished, although a few boards were cut 
and used for chairs and tables. In 1926, 
after some inquiry, we were able to get two 
experienced sawyers from the government 
station at Biu. who came for one month 
and worked with some of our men from 

Pit Sawing 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Path Leading to Our Home 

Garkidda, and although our men here did 
not get enough knowledge to carry on the 
work themselves, they did learn something 
of the method of pit sawing. We had some 
logs sawed that we are now using for 
tables, cupboards and chairs. 

If one could see our compound from the 
air I imagine it would look like the trails 
leading out from a cow-watering hole. The 
natives make paths wherever they want to 
go, without regard for straightness, con- 
venience or landscape. Our compound com- 
prises about thirty acres of African bush. 
The houses for the most part are situated 
on the three hills. The paths lead nowhere 
or everywhere. We determined to make 
roads for ourselves and the natives, and 
to make the compound as pretty as we 
possibly could. So the work has started. 
It seems impossible for a black man to 
realize that if there is a good, broad road 
leading to the place he wants to go he 

should follow the road and not the path 
of former years. But they are learning and 
will soon forget the location of old paths, 
we hope. We are outlining the roads with 
stone and digging ditches at each side for 
drainage. It necessitates the building of 
some bridges, another new feature to the 
Bura. In this beautification program we 
are outlining the compound with hedge, 
planting trees, cutting trees where they 
obstruct the view, moving stones, planting 
vines and using all the ways we have at. 
hand to present a restful and pleasing pic- 

We look forward to the beginning of 
school and to the starting of the first in- 
dustrial work. It will likely comprise mat 
making, basket weaving, and a little later 
in the year some shop work. We have now 
on the road two English looms that we 
will use in the school to teach the boys to 
make cloth and make their own clothes. 
The forge has been installed, and some 
want to learn to make hoes and axes. 

The industrial work here offers a big 
opportunity. We want to make the best 
of what we have. The boys, and girls too, 
are very much interested in every phase of 
school work. We hope, and will you not 
pray? — that we will be able to keep a jump 
ahead of them in their school work, and 
that they may not overlook the fact that 
it is all in the great plan to do His will. 


Bulsar Visitor Notes for December 

Jennie Mohler 
About the first important event of the month was 
the return home of the Blickenstaff boys from 
school. It seemed the most important to their 
younger brother, Stephen, who had not seen them 
for several months. They help to liven things up 
about the compound while they are at home, and 
then when they leave we miss them all the more. 

In thinking of December we associate with it 
Christmas and all of its joys and the special ac- 
tivities that come at that time. Many of the school- 
boys went home for vacation, but the ones who 
remained were quite busy with programs. One pro- 
gram was given by the boys of the community, 
on Thursday evening. Then on Christmas Eve the 
boarding-school boys gave one which they had pre- 
pared with the help of Mrs. Blickenstaff, which 
was quite different from what they usually give. 
On Christmas morning the Sunday-school gave a 
program in the church, and in the evening the 
children in the Wanki school, about . a half mile 



The Missionary Visitor 


from the mission compound, gave a program. These 
programs were well attended and appreciated. On 
Christmas morning at the church and in the evening 
at the Wanki the children each received a small gift 
of sweets. The Christmas offering in the church 
amounted to about ten rupees. On Monday after 
Christmas all the Christian community went out to 
the seashore and had a common meal together, 
cooked after they arrived there. This is an annual 
event they all enjoy, for it is about the only time 
in the year that any of them get out, though it 
is only about three and a half miles from here. 
About two hundred of them ate together, including 
the children. *g 

The Wagoners and Miss Shumaker were out in 
the district in evangelistic work most of the 
month; they received a hearty reception wherever 
they went, and found the people glad to hear the 
Word preached. This is most gratifying, for this 
has been a hard district to work, and there has 
been so much opposition that not much could be 
done until in the few last years, in %hich time con- 
ditions have become more favorable. 

The general health of the public has been con- 
siderably better than usual at this time of the year, 
and consequently the medical work has been lighter. 
The total number of patients has not been much 
smaller, but there have been fewer serious cases. 
There has been much less malaria and pneumonia 
in the months during the monsoon and the close, 
when there is usually so much. This is true not 
only of our dispensary and our missionary doctors, 
but all the doctors and practitioners throughout this 
section report the same condition. The same has 
been true in the health of the missionaries. For all 
this we are most grateful and pray that it may 
continue. »{ 

On the last day of the old year Dr. Cottrell's 
brother, Bro. D. O. Cottrell, and his wife landed 
in Bombay for a visit with the doctors and others 
of our mission and other places in India. They had 
just given up their pastorate at Rocky Ford, Colo., 
before leaving for this tour, and will take up the 
pastorate at New Enterprise, Pa., on their return 
to America. & 


Nora Hollenberg 
The boys' school was dismussed during Devali 
(the large annual festival of the Hindoos) for two 
weeks. One reason for such a long recess was to 
cater to the good wishes of the parents of our 
Hindoo boys, who comprise nearly half of the total 
number enrolled in the school. Then, too, most 
of the teachers wanted to attend the agricultural 
exhibit in Poona. Such a privilege was a rare treat 
for them. g 

The Christian boys who remained here during 
Devali vacation worked hard each day to make 
their school home neat and clean. They white- 
washed, cleaned and made floors in a splendid man- 
ner. The schoolrooms and their cook house never 
before looked so inviting. 

At present the carpenter shop is under construc- 
tion. The framework is only partly finished, and 

the sawyers are busy getting rafters and boards into 
shape. There is much need for this carpenter shop. 
Some of the Hindoo men are very desirous of 
receiving industrial training. 

The outstanding and joyful event of early Decem- 
ber was the completion of the long-hoped-for well, 
which was begun in July. At a depth of 102 feet 
the boring men refused to go farther and pro- 
nounced it a success. They applied their pump 
and extracted at the rate of 600 gallons per hour 
without lowering the water point. They said that 
a well may be considered a success when water 
can be secured at the rate of 250 gallons per hour. 
All indications are that this is a fine well, but after 
all, this coming hot season will test the actual 
worth of it. The boarding boys are very, very 
happy to have a well so near, and to pump water 
rather than to draw by rope and bucket. The mis- 
sionary family indulges in the use of this water 
for drinking purposes without boiling it — a privilege 
few missionaries have. 


Marie Brubaker 
Ping Ting 

Dec. 9, Miss Ada Dunning and Mr. John Hollen- 
berg were united in marriage at the chapel of the 
girls' school. It was a rare privilege for the Chinese 
who were invited to witness a real Christian wed- 
ding, and to the missionaries an event of a mis- 
sionary lifetime. The chapel was beautifully dec- 
orated with pine, mistletoe, and potted plants. Bro. 
Charles D. Bonsack performed the ceremony, which 
was very impressive. After the wedding about 
seventy guests were invited to Wisteria Cottage, 
the home of Miss Minerva Metzger, Miss Mary 
Cline, and the bride, to a wedding supper. Though 
the olives were not relished by some of the Chinese 
present, any more than we relish some of their 
delicacies, every one had an enjoyable evening and 
all joined in wishing the bride and groom much joy 
in their wedded life in China. 

On the morning of Dec. 10 all of the foreign 
missionaries met in the first session of our special 
mission meeting, which had been planned that we 
might have an opportunity of discussing our prob- 
lems with Brethren Yoder and Bonsack. For the 
first time in many years all of the missionaries 
and children were able to be present. During the 
following five days we discussed freely our various 
problems, and much appreciation was felt for the 
splendid way in which our visiting brethren entered 
into the spirit of the work and for their keen 
insight into our problems. At the close of our last 
session Sister Grace Clapper was anointed, with the 
hope that she may be restored to health and thus 
be able to take up her work again. 

Brethren Yin and Smith conducted a class during 
the month, for the purpose of instructing inquirers 
preparatory to baptism. A class was held also 
for the three women inquirers. 

December 23 was a big day. In the forenoon three 


The Missionary Visitor 



women and eleven men were received into the 
church. Of this number there were two family 
groups, consisting of father, mother, and son. What 
a pleasure it is to see whole families accepting 
Christ together! In the evening, after an examina- 
tion service together, about two hundred members 
joined in the love feast and communion service. 


The women of the Bible School enjoyed a Christ- 
mas tea together one afternoon. Each woman had 
prepared for another a gift that was not to amount 
to more than one copper (one-fourth of a cent). 
They had a great deal of enjoyment out of the 
experience. At the close of the program each one 
was given a sewing bag that was sent out by the 
Palmyra vacation school. 


Mrs. Brubaker also had a party for about forty 
of her industrial women. They drank tea, told 
stories and had a good time for a while; then they 
were given cloth enough for an upper garment. 

On Christmas day many gathered to enjoy the 
program arranged by Bro. Smith. The program was 
given by the Chinese and was one of the best we 
have had for some time. At noon the mission 
family were together at the Seese home for the 
Christmas dinner. The children gave their program 
and received their gifts in the afternoon. We always 
enjoy these occasions when we can be together. 



Last fall a new venture was made in church 
services for the children when we began our Junior 
church. The services are in charge of Sister Shock 
and Mr. Tsai, one of our Chinese Christian teachers. 
A different speaker gives them a Bible story each 
week. They have their own secretary, and one of 
their own number also helps with the lantern pic- 
tures that close the service. These meetings are 
held in the basement of the church at the same 
time the regular service convenes. The children 
appear to enjoy their own worship, and there seems 
to be no desire on their part to return to the adult 
service. a 

Sister Shock and Miss Liu, one of the teachers 
in the girls' school, have been holding a " get- 
acquainted " campaign in the city. They go out 
in the homes each afternoon and strive to make 
the acquaintance of the people near them. It is 
their purpose, as near as possible, to visit every 
home in the city. They have received a hearty 
welcome in all the homes thus far visited, and 
it has been a pleasure to bring the schools, the 
hospital and our Bible work before the minds of 
the people. »g 

We have been quite busy during this month be- 
cause of the Christmas season. Mrs. Pan, our Bible 
woman, has been teaching about twenty-one women 
to read and sing hymns. She goes into sixteen 
homes. Many of these women are young and are 
not allowed to go out of their courts very much. 
They are glad to have an opportunity to read at 
home. We have a good opportunity to teach them 
Bible stories along with their reading, and some 
want to know more and have promised to enter 
the Woman's Bible School. To teach the lesson of 

Christmas and give the people a little of Christ's 
spirit, we had the Christian women decorate their 
homes with cut-outs of the wise men and camels, 
Mary and Joseph, and donkey, shepherds, etc. 
Then they invited their friends in, and some one 
in the court or a Bible woman told the Christmas 
story and sang songs. The hostess sometimes 
served tea, and pictures or cards were given to the 
children present. There were about twelve or four- 
teen of these meetings. The Christian women en- 
joyed them, and we hope their friends got some 
of the real message of Christmas. 

On Christmas afternoon and on Sunday afternoon 
some of the teachers, schoolboys, and country evan- 
gelists went out into the near-by villages and sang 
songs and told the Christmas s'.ory. 

We had a very pleasant service on Christmas 
morning at the church. We had Christmas songs 
from the schools, Bible verses from the women and 
men, short t*ks about Christmas hymns, and 
prayers, and the Hallelujah Chorus by a group of 
the members. Though mistakes were made and 
all was not perfectly rendered, the service was en- 
joyed by all. The willingness and cooperation of the 
workers, both men and women, and of our members, 
made us feel that Jesus' Spirit of love and fellow- 
ship has entered, in a measure, into the hearts of 
our people here. May God bless them all and help 
them to grow in grace and the knowledge of his 
truth. 4J 

Our missionary group was small this Christmas, 
but nine of us and two Chinese girls had dinner 
together at the Oberholtzers', and a short program 
followed. ,£ 

The joy of the day was disturbed when the church- 
house caught fire from one of the furnaces and 
burned about twenty-five square feet of the floor. 
But warning was given in time and the fire was 
soon extinguished. So we can rejoice that the 
church building was saved. 
Shou Yang 

Every one is busily engaged with the preparations 
for Christmas programs. It puts a great deal of 
enthusiasm into the work. The Chinese are es- 
pecially fond of entertainment, and the greatest prob- 
lem we have with the Christmas program is to keep 
the real Christmas sentiment foremost in the minds 
of the people. Our constant prayer is that they 
may worship the Babe, even as the wise men did. 

Bro. Li Cheng Wang's mother died during the 
last days of November. Brethren Bonsack and 
Yoder were privileged to visit in his home while 
the mother was lying in state. Mrs. Li was a 
remarkable woman. She was not a baptized Chris- 
tian, but was of the most splendid type of China's 
womanhood. All the people of the village venerate 
her. Although the family are very poor, the vil- 
lage people came out in large numbers to attend 
the funeral. She was 93 years old. 

Among the recent developments at Shou Yang, 
for which we are most thankful, is the appreciable 
decline and weakening of the anti-Christian attack. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The organization which was formed last summer 
seems to have about spent itself; at least it does 
not have enough enthusiasm to keep its sign un- 
covered. We noticed that there was another large 
sign hanging over the anti-Christian organization 
sign. Upon enquiry we were told that the organiza- 
tion did not amount to anything anyway, so the 
sign is just as well covered up. We can not tell 
just what this means, but we are most thankful 
to see this much weakening in the camp of the 
devil. _»g 

The foreign personnel of the Shou Yang Station 
attended the called mission meeting at Ping Ting. 
We enjoyed the splendid fellowship and spiritual 
messages of the Board's deputation. In our con- 
stant contact with sin we stand the more in need 
of the spiritual refreshment of those who love the 
Lord. If you have thought the China missionaries 
are cold and lifeless, will you please pray harder 
for us. The devil has almost free range in China. 

Tai Yuan 

The week before Christmas Mrs. Chang, our Bible 
woman, went around and visited all the women we 
have touched in our work, and told them about 
Christmas. She also told them about our special 
programs to be given Sunday, Dec. 26, and asked 
them to make a special effort to be present. As a 
result of her efforts we had the best attendance of 
women and children that we had had this year. 

On Friday we had a special program in the girls' 
school in connection with our Women's Evangelistic 
Department. There was one little girl who had never 
heard the Christmas story. She was a new student 
in our school, having entered just a few weeks 
before. She had been attending a Buddhist school 
in the city. Every morning before they begin their 
studies, the students who attend that school have 
to go in and prostrate themselves before the idol. 
Since entering our school she has become much 
interested in the Bible stories, and we hope eventu- 
ally not only to win her but her family. If she 
comes early to school our Bible woman, who lives 
in the same court as the school, invites her in 
and shows her Bible pictures and tells her Bible 
stories. She is a bright little girl, and goes home 
and tells all that she hears to her mother. Her 
mother then asks our Bible woman about what the 
little girl has told her, and thus we are making our 
contact for Christ. ^ 

On Sunday morning Pastor Li told the Christmas 
story to a large and attentive audience. We also 
had several special Christmas hymns sung, besides 
those sung by the congregation. At this time of 
year a special offering was taken, which was used 
to buy grain to give to the poor. In the afternoon 
we had more special music and a program given 
by the boys' club and girls' school. As the anti- 
Christian students of the city had been rather bois- 
terous on the streets on Christmas day, some of 
our workers were rather worried about our Christ- 
mas programs on Sunday, so they got together and 
prayed about it. Our programs were given in a 
very orderly way, and the audience was very atten- 
tive, so our workers thanked our Father in heaven 
and were very happy over our Christmas. 

This month, as there were five weeks in the month, 
we had cur turn to visit the model prison of the 
city. As religious workers are anowed in only 
once a week, the time is allotted to the various 
missions of the city. We have the fifth Thurs- 
day in the month when there is one. 

Plans for the New Year are well under way, 
and the workers of the city have already planned 
the projfltam for the World Week of Prayer. Pray 
for us, that the work of the new year may be 
better than any year before and that the king- 
dom of heaven may grow in China. 

v* J* 


(Continued from Page 69) 
most of them the group of Christians is yet 
small. But the need is everywhere. In one 
village where we stayed over night, a young 
lad of seventeen in a government school 
came to us when he heard that some Chris- 
tians had quarters at the inn for the night, 
to plead for us to come and have service. His 
grandfather was a Christian. Thus the seed 
grows slowly, but surely. 

Among the memories of this work that 
will linger with us for the encouragement of 
those who make it possible, are the groups 
of children singing hymns of praise and glad- 
ness ; the great change in the faces of those 
who have learned of the hope of the Gospel; 
some aged saints whose beaming faces tell 
their hope of heaven ; the Chinese evangel- 
ists whose constant and earnest work for 
their people stirs our own indifference; a 
Chinese Christian who pointed with shame 
to the place where he laid the bodies of two 
Christians he killed in the Boxer War be- 
fore he knew the Lord, and last, but not 
least, the difficulties our own missionaries 
have in reaching this wonderful people and 
to have them know they are here only to 
help them and bring all that is best for their 
present and future blessing. It is a great 
work ; and do not forget to pray as we give ! 
For in the strength of the Lord alone can 
there be victory. ' 

s<$» «<?» 


March is the beginning of the business 
year for the General Mission Board. Why 
not start the missionary year well by a 
whole-souled offering? Especially if you 
did not share in the February effort to 
close the old year with all obligations paid 
in full. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

Panther Creek (Iowa) B. Y. P. D. Sets 
Up Goal for Africa. The Brethren Young 
People's Departments are studying about 
Africa, and as their special part are raising 
money to pay the cost of all new buildings 
to be erected this year. A good example 
of the fine spirit is shown by the young 
people of Panther Creek, Iowa. In this 
church of 193 members the young people 
have set up a goal of $100. Hazel Cluts is 
their president. 

Timberville (Va.) children were able to 
make a nice contribution to missions be- 
cause they did without a Christmas treat in 
their Sunday-school. We hope that the joy 
they received from sacrifice for others was 
worth much more than the joy from a treat. 
Student Volunteer Convention. The next 
Student Volunteer convention will be held 
Dec. 28, 1927, to Jan. 1, 1928. It is pur- 
posed by its leaders to make the convention 
decidedly missionary in its character. The 
determination of its exact character is made 
difficult because of many changing aspects 
of missions, but we are glad to know that 
it is to be missionary in its emphasis. 

A Marriage Announcement. The Mission 
Rooms were the recipient of a formal mar- 
riage announcement in January. It reads as 
follows : 

" Mr. and Mrs. Philip Masterton announce 
the marriage of their daughter Christina, 
to Rev. H. Stover Kulp, M. A., on Wednes- 
day, the eighth of December, nineteen hun- 
dred and twenty-six, United Free Church, 
Cockenzie, Scotland." 

During the same month the Mission 
Rooms received a communication from the 
foreign mission offices of the United Free 
Church of Scotland, at Edinburgh, giving a 
very high recommendation for the bride. 
A portion of their letter reads as follows : 

I understand it is usual for your Board 

to receive particulars with regard to the 
wives of your missionaries. We congratu- 
late you on having now on your roll our 
former missionary, Miss Christina Master- 
ton, now Mrs. Kulp. Mrs. Kulp's resigna- 
tion will only reach my board on the 21st 
of December, and will, I know, be received 
with very great regret. I shall forward to 
you later the formal minute of resignation. 

Meanwhile, I should like to bear testimony 
of the very excellent work which Mrs. Kulp 
accomplished while she served under our 
committee for three years in Livingstonia. 
Before being appointed as a missionary, Mrs. 
Kulp had two years' special missionary train- 
ing in the Women's Missionary College, 
Edinburgh. While there she displayed un- 
usual aptitude for handicrafts of all kinds, 
and took a very keen and active interest 
in all the activities of the college and a 
very excellent place in her classes. 

The Livingstonia Mission Council located 
her at Lubwa, and there Mrs. Kulp had full 
charge of the work amongst women and 
girls along with the missionary's wife, Mrs. 
McMinn. I enclose a copy of the report of 
her work during the year 1924 for your 
information. In addition to the usual prac- 
tical work in the Girls' Boarding School at 
Lubwa, in which all the girls made excellent 
progress, special instruction was given in 
oil and soap making, sewing, washing and 

While at home on furlough, Mrs. Kulp 
had taken additional classes in handicrafts 
and in spinning and weaving. Her aptitude 
for languages was quite outstanding, her ear 
being so keen that she was able to dis- 
tinguish sounds not hitherto known in 
Bemba language. So impressed were the 
committee with her gift for languages that 
they asked her to' take special training at 
the Oriental School of Studies in London. 

We very much regret losing from our 
mission one whose work and influence was 
so outstanding, but our good wishes follow 
Mr. and Mrs. Kulp to their work in Nigeria. 

Mrs. Kulp has arranged to make formal 
application for missionary service under the 
Church of the Brethren and in every way 
meet the standard requirements. From 
sources other than her board we have heard 
high compliments for her, and we welcome 
her into the fellowship of our Brotherhood. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Light on the Chinese Situation 

We are all interested in the truth regard- 
ing the development of Christianity in China. 
At the recent meeting of the Foreign Mis- 
sions Conference, at Atlantic City, four ad- 
dresses by men of authority were made 
regarding China. The four men are Dr. 
Robert E. Speer, Prof. Timothy Lew, Mr. 
Roger S. Greene, and Rev. Alfred A. Gil- 
man. Their messages were so highly valu- 
able that the Conference ordered them 
printed in pamphlet form. They will be 
most interesting and valuable to any who 
are anxious to know the truth regarding 
the growth of the church in China. The 
pamphlet may be secured for 30c in stamps 
from the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111., 
Attention Educational Department. 

Missionary Review Special to All Ministers 

The Missionary Review of the World, 
price $2.50, is an illustrated interdenomina- 
tional monthly record of Christian progress. 
Its editor is Delavan L. Pierson, and its 
board of directors is presided over by Robert 
E. Speer. The Review gives up-to-date 
missionary information about all parts of the 
world. The articles are all sufficiently pop- 
ular to appeal not only to ministers, but 
to others interested in missions. 

In recognition of the service rendered and 
the leadership assumed in the field of mis- 
sions by the ministers of the Church of the 
Brethren, the General Mission Board, upon 
receipt of one dollar from any active min- 
ister in the Church of the Brethren, will 
pay the balance necessary to supply a full 
year's subscription. It will be appreciated 
by the board if all such subscr'ptions could 
be sent in not later than the last of March. 
This will minimize the clerical work in our 
office. Please send cash with your order. 

4613 49th St., X. W., 
Washington. D. C, 
Jan. 17, 1927. 
General Mission Board. 
Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brethren : 

I am writing to tell you of the climax of 
the mission work with the children of the 
Washington City church for the year 1926. 
We had a delightful entertainment for the 
boys and girls, after which we awarded 

prizes — missionary books on China to the 

The children have earned $183.20 in all. 
Our treasurer, Dr. C. Resser, will send you 
the check for that amount. 

We just wanted to tell you a bit about 
the past year's work. We are hoping to 
do greater things in the present year. 
Yours in His service, 
Naomi C. Evans, 
Sec. of Missionary Com. 

Fairview Church of the Brethren, 
Alpha, Sask., Canada, 
Jan. 31, 1927. 
General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brother: 

lam reading "Christian Heroism in Heath- 
en Lands." At the close of the book it tells 
about reading six books for the seal course. 
I want the seal course. Is it still offered? 
What book should I read? I want to begin 
reading at once. 

Yours truly, 
J. E. Wells. 

Feb. 4. 1927. 
Dear Brother Wells : 

Replying to your card of Jan. 31. we have 
revised our mission study course from the 
plans that were effective a few years ago. 
We no longer call it the seal course, but, 
as you know by our diploma, we promote 
for recognition to be given for those who 
do extra reading. For your reading I sug- 
gust the following six books : 

Our Missions Abroad, by Mover, 50^. 

Early Days at Yyara, by Ross, 75c. 

In Sunny Nigeria, by Helser. $1.50. 

China's Real Revolution, by Hutchison, 
75c in cloth, 50c in paper. 

Young Islam on Trek, by Matthews, $1 in 
cloth; 60c in paper. 

The Cost of a Xew World, by Maclennan. 

In order to give you an option on different 
books, I will suggest more, and you ma\ 
take your choice of six out of any of these. 

The Story of Missions, by White, 75c in 
cloth ; paper, 50c. 

Our Templed Hills, by Felton. SI in cloth; 
paper, 60c. 

Sincerely yours, 

H. Spenser Minnich, 

Educational Secretary. 

The Missionary Visitor 


Omak, Wash., 
Jan. 28, 1927. 
H. Spenser Minnich, 
Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brother Minnich : 

The Omak Y. P. D. is certainly glad for 
the " Building in Africa " fund, and although 
we do not feel that we would like to make 
any definite pledge for the year, we do 
pledge to do our best. 

I am enclosing a money order for $10, 
our first offering for the fund. We will 
be glad to receive any suggestions or helps 
that you have for us from time to time. 
For the advancement of his kingdom, I am 
Sincerely yours, 
Signed: Mrs. Ralph E. Breshears, 
Treas. Omak Y. P. D. 

Feb. 1, 1927. 
Dear Brethren: 

For several years the junior boys and 
girls of the White Rapids church, Wis., 
have been raising or earning money for 
missionary work. 

The first year each child was given twen- 
ty-five cents by the pastor to invest, and 
the proceeds were given to world-wide mis- 
sions. Since then the children or their 
parents have furnished the investment. 
They look forward to this work as a part 
of the yearly program and are already 
planning this year's work. 

Last spring nine children, four boys and 
five girls, enrolled in the Junior League. 
They were Geneveve, Arthur and Junior 
Keim, Rachel and Emaline Heestand, Thelma 
Anglemyer, and Martin, Paul and Efne Har- 
ley. A total of $51.65 was given for the 
work in China. One of the boys raised 
$8.05 while none gave less than $4. Three 
raised potatoes ; three raised vegetables 
which they sold at a construction camp ; 
two raised chickens and one earned money 
planting and hoeing truck for her mother. 

The children seem to greatly enjoy the 
work and are eager to earn the largest 
amount possible. They are happy when 
they have had a successful summer. One 
boy, who raised vegetables last summer, 
was given $2 for pulling automobiles out 
of the mud with his horse. Some one sug- 
gested a way to spend the money. He 
answered, " Not much ; that is going to be 
missionary money." 

We hope to have more children enrolled 
this year. 

It is remarkable how much can be realized 
from a small plot of ground if planted to 
vegetables and given good care. Three 
children, brothers and sister, planted one 
bushel of potatoes valued at seventy-five 
cents and realized $23.15. 

We believe that if the children continue 
in this work they will give the Lord his 
share of their earnings when they grow 
up, as they have early learned the joy of 
giving and working for him. 

O. L. Harley, Amberg, Wis. 
<£ -je 


(Note. In the October Missionary Visitor promise 
was made that suggestions for program material 
suitable for the closing of the Africa Mission Study- 
course would be offered in this issue. The follow- 
ing are given as suggestions. In every case they 
should be adapted to local needs.) 

1. Present an original dialogue, in which 
a few take the part of missionaries to Africa, 
while others assume the part of Africans. 
The missionaries should present the gospel 
message. The African people may give their 
answers for accepting or rejecting the Chris- 
tian religion. They may ask a great many 
questions, for obviously they will need much 
information about this strange religion that 
has come to them. A medical scene could 
be arranged, in which the doctor ministers 
to those who are sick. Equally well could 
a school scene be planned. The subject 
matter for these scenes can well be drawn 
from " in Sunny Nigeria " and the supple- 
mentary material offered for the Africa 

2. Invite a Negro speaker to your church 
to address the congregation. Perhaps there 
is within reach a colored minister, lawyer, 
teacher, or college student who could give 
you a helpful message. 

3. Give an African dialogue. Two are 
suggested : 

a. Ordered South, 15c. 

b. Robert and Mary, 25c. 

4. Present a true false test. This is done 
by making certain statements about Africa 
and Africa mission work which may be 
either true or false. Ask the folks in the 
audience to mark the true statemenst with 
a plus sign and the false statements with 
a minus sign. The questions may be written 
on a "blackboard. The following questions 
are samples of the kind you may ask. After 


The Missionary Visitor 


the test is over a profitable discussion could 
be entered into on some of the questions : 

(1) Africa is nearly as large as the United 

(2) Our mission work is located in south- 
ern Africa. 

(3) Missionaries in our territory need to 
take quinine daily. 

(4) The people of Africa are already re- 

(5) Most of the Africans where we work 
can read and write. 

(6) We expect the African people to 
build their churchhouses similar to ours in 

Of the foregoing questions 1 and 2 are 
false, 3 and 4 are true, 5 and 6 are false. 
For a typical test on Africa see page 339, 
October (1926) Visitor. 

5. Serve an African meal. This can be 
done easily if the B. Y. P. D. group is 
small. While the meal is being eaten or 
immediately thereafter a discussion of Africa 
can be engaged in. 

Menu for African Meal 

Sister A. D. Helser was asked to give 
information concerning foods eaten by the 
Bura people of Nigeria, Africa. The follow- 
ing is her reply : 

I make a' number of suggestions and each 
class could select from these for their menu 
as the African rarely has more than one 
" dish " for his meal. No class will want to 
serve all of the things mentioned. 

(1) Buttermilk. 

(2) Pumpkin and peanuts (cook and mash 
the pumpkin and combine with ground 
roasted peanuts or peanut butter). 

(3) Sweet potatoes roasted in the coals. 

(4) Stiff mush served with either spinach, 
beans cooked with meat and meat sauce. 
(Put a ball of stiff mush in a half gourd 
and pour whichever sauce you choose to 
use to one side of the mush. Three or four 
may eat at one such gourd. Take a portion 
of the mush in the fingers, dip it in the soup 
and then quickly put it in the mouth.) 

(5) Peanuts in the shell roasted in the 

(6) Meat might be roasted in the fire or 
cooked very tender so that it falls off the 
bone but they can seldom afford it. 

(7) Buttermilk and mush gruel. (A por- 
tion of mush is worked up with buttermilk 
until it forms a gruel which they drink.) 

For further information about such a 
meal write to Sister Marguerite Burke, 509 
Honore St., Chicago. This meal could be 
eaten by a larger group than the B. Y. 
P. D. if local conditions are suitable. 

6. Public program on Africa. Assign a 
number of subjects which were discussed 
in the class study. Different members of 
the group should speak to the whole church 
on these topics. Suggestive subjects are as 
follows : 

The Religions of Africa. 

The Colonization of Africa. 

Early Missionary Heroes. 

Social Customs in Buraland. 


Methods of Mission Work. 

How Medical Work Gives Opportunity to 

If this program is to take the entire eve- 
ning a well-planned worship service should 
be a part of the program. Adapt the follow- 
ing to your needs : 

Worship Program 

Prelude— Lead On, O King Eternal, No. 255.* 
Song — Jesus Calls Us, No. 229. 
Worship Through Scripture — Luke 8: 26-38. 
Hymn — Jesus Shall Reign, No. 373. 
Worship Through Prayer 

1. That we may have an increasing in- 
terest in the people of Africa. 

2. That we may have a new realization 
of their needs. 

3. That we may have greater earnestness 
in making Christ known in Africa. 

Worship Through Giving 

Have one of the group explain that the 
young people of the church are providing 
for the buildings in our Africa mission, 
and state the amount the local group plans 
to contribute. 

The Leader — Freely ye have received, freely 
give. Every man according as he • hath 
purposed in his heart, so let him give : not 
grudgingly or of necessity, for God loveth 
a cheerful giver. 

Hymn — We've a Story to Tell to the Na- 
tions, No. 370. 

* Numbers refer to Church of I he Brethren Hymnal. 


The Missionary Visitor 


©1?? Qpflttwtt s Oppartumtt 

Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 

How Interest Young Sisters in Aid Society Work 


THIS subject raises an important ques- 
tion, for certainly the young women 
of the church should be interested in 
her activities, and especially those that 
relate to women. 

The question implies that the young sis- 
ters are not interested in Aid Society work, 
or at least not interested as they should 
be. It is perhaps too much to expect all 
of them to be interested; at least, all mem- 
bers are not equally interested in all lines 
of church work. This is the day of the 
young people as probably never before. 
They take a liberal part in all kinds of 
work, and the older ones should rejoice in 
it. It is a hopeful sign. 

What are the conditions that would lead 
the young women of the church to be in- 
terested in Aid Society work? In the first 
place, they must be Christian women. They 
must know God and the fellowship of his 
Spirit. This condition gives us interest in 
the work of the kingdom of God. The 
work of the church must rest heavily upon 
the heart. Let the young women be brought 
to see their responsibility, and let them 
know they are responsible to the limit of 
their ability and opportunity. We must all 
know that the work of the church is left 
to human hands. The bringing of the 
world to God is our task. Out of this con- 
viction must come our interest if it comes 
at all. 

Tn the next place, the- Aid Society should 
recommend itself. What it actually does 
must speak. The young people of today 
want to do something worth-while. They 
have the ambition to render valuable serv- 
ice — something that counts. Our Aid So- 
ciety is doing a real work, giving real 
service. The amount of money raised 
yearly, the greater amount of charity work 

not reported, and the spirit moving it being 
due to the love of God and man shed abroad 
in our hearts, put up a wonderful appeal. 
If these things could be summed up and 
shown, it would look good and would call 
to the young women for their interest and 
support. Effort should be made to this end. 
The work of the Society should be exalted, 
not to praise ourselves, but to praise a good 
and worthy work. The work of the Society 
must win its own way, just as the needle- 
work of Dorcas won its way. 

In the next place, something depends upon 
the older sisters and leaders in the work. 
The older women lead in the organization 
and management of the Society, which is 
as it should be. They can do much to 
recommend the work of the Society to the 
younger women. Then, in the actual work, 
the young women should have an active 
part. The young should be encouraged to 
take part in the consideration of the busi- 
ness, and in giving public programs they 
should by no means be neglected. There 
is nothing like work to inspire interest and 
grow it. Here is a great opportunity. 

There are age lines, of course, and it can- 
not be otherwise, but the greatest effort 
should be made to have the old and young 
mingle as if all were of the same age. 
Young people expect the older ones to 
recognize them in work and help .them find 
their place. Hardly anything goes so far 
to help young people as a sympathetic atti- 
tude of the older folks toward them. 

In conclusion, I would recommend public 
meetings and programs of the Society, cov- 
ering certain territory. It can be done by 
State Districts. These meetings should be 
held once a year or oftener. Reports should 
then be made, as full as possible. Such 


The Missionary Visitor 


meetings have a place, and they are espe- 
cially inviting to the young. 
Penn Laird, Va. 


Flora E. Teague 

In writing up the early history of our 
Aid Societies this article must necessarily 
be restricted, as I have so few data and my 
close knowledge is limited to but few Aids. 

In the A. M. minutes I find naught in 
'regard to Sisters' Sewing or Aid Societies 
prior to 1895. However, some years earlier 
an attempt was made to secure the sanction 
of the Brotherhood for them. But the at- 
tempt failed. In 1895 the Annual Meeting 
fully granted them. 

Many sisters so strongly felt the need for 
such organizations, and had such large 
visions of great good that might be done 
through them, that they were led quietly 
to begin the work in a few local churches. 

At Mt. Morris, 111., in 1893, Sister Salome 
Stoner Myers, Sister Ida Royer Myers, and 
the writer of this article obtained the con- 
sent and encouragement of Bro. J. G. Royer, 
president of the college in which we were 
students, and Bro. D. E. Price, elder of the 
church there, to start an organization. We 
did so. It was composed of a number of 
the resident sisters and many women stu- 
dents of the college. 

Our aim was spiritual culture, fellowship 
of resident sisters with the students, and 
charity work and assistance. 

The organization grew. Sometimes the 
number was small, then a revival of enthu- 
siasm occurred and the baby Aid grew to 
full adulthood, and is still " carrying on." 

We arranged the best constitution we 
knew how. Many of the students, after 
leaving the Mount, wrote back for copies 
of this constitution, which enabled them to 
originate a band in their home churches. 

Today many of those dear young sisters 
are very active Aid workers throughout our 

The few acorns dropped at an early date 
are now strong, fruit-bearing oaks. The 
few local Aids are now prominent and stable 
ones, and the results of seed they have sown 
only the Great Estimator can tell. 

La Verne, Calif. 


Composed by S. M. Burger 
(Sing to tune to " Beulah Land ") 

1. In Bura Land I take my stand, 

I'll live or die at His command. 
I mean to live and teach and pray 
And preach the world from day to day. 

Chorus : 

Bura Land, dear Bura Land, 
As in the hottest clime I stand. 

1 look away across the waves, 
Where dear ones sing his love and 

And then go on his love to sing 

And teach the world of Christ my King. 

2. In Bura Land I make my plan 

To preach to every native man. 
No matter what his creed or clan 

I'll preach the Christ and His command. 

3. In Bura Land how glad I am 

To work for Him, the great I Am, 
Who draws the souls of pagan men 
To his great love without an end. 

4. In Bura Land I am complete 

With Christ my Lord to guide my feet. 
I'll stand the storms of rain and heat, 
And sing God's love to all I meet. 

Arrowood, Alta. 


(Continued from Page 71) 

ever conducted there, and wept for their 
friend, who was taken away to be laid in 
a tomb made after the fashion of the one 
in which Christ was laid. 

In several months there will be two 
Christian weddings in this church, and both 
families have already personally invited me 
to be present. It helps them more than we 
know to be with them at these great events 
of their lives, and helps them to distinguish 
between truth and superstition. 

The pleasures so far outnumber the hard- 
ships in this kind of work that I do not 
think of them as I once did. It is wonder- 
ful to have a part in bringing souls into 
the rich and abundant life of Christ. 

In praying for me, pray that my life, 
as it touches theirs, may be exemplary. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Bernice Miller and Anna Stover, Comrades 


Just like a snowball which some youngster 
started on the lawn, and turned over and 
over, and it got bigger and bigger, and 
everything it touched stuck fast, so this 
Liao Chou ball has grown so big that it 
would take eight thousand eighty one-dollar 
bills to reach around it! That was the size 
of it on Feb. 15, 1927. 

Now we'll crate this big ball of dollars 
and ship it to Liao Chou. And all you 
kiddies will hitch up your trousers, buckle 
up your belts another notch, take a long 
breath, and wade into the Africa proposi- 
tion ! 

It seems the game of ball in some form 
is the greatest favorite among all children. 
Now let's gather up all the dollars growing 
in the ground or hanging from the trees, 
sew them up in a monster pigskin, and kick 
it clear across the Atlantic to the black folks 

in Nigeria! Won't they be surprised? But 
I don't believe it will be very long till they 
catch on to the idea, and maybe they will 
be playing the game with us from that side ! 
Do you think they could teach us anything? 
Let's make the experiment anyhow. I know 
somebody is going to get some thrills out 
of it ! Aunt Adalyn. 

Marion, Pennsylvania 

On Dec. 19 the Comrades of the Browns 
Mill, Pa., Sunday-school handed in their 
money, amounting to $42.77, for the Liao 
Chou mission work. The children expe- 
rienced a real pleasure in having a part in 
this work, and seem eager to go forth to 
the work of 1927. 

Among these children were the two little 
girls in the picture — Bernice Miller, on the 
swing, and Anna Stover, standing. Hand- 
ing in her China offering was Anna's last 
work in Sunday-school. The following 
Tuesday she became ill, pneumonia devel- 
oped, and on Dec. 28 she very peacefully 
passed away. 

The Browns Mill Sunday-school greatly 
feels the loss, but most of all is she missed 
by her foster parents, Brother William and 
Sister Maud Stover. 

E. Grace Brechbill. 

Morrill, Kansas 

Please find enclosed our missionary in- 
vestment money from the Primary Depart- 
ment of the Morrill Sunday-school. We 
have $85.83 brought in from $11.75 invest- 
ment. Our best donor was Gorden Yoder, 
the same boy as last year, eight years old. 
He brought $10.15. We have fallen down 
from our donation last year, but hope we 
have worked as hard and that it means as 
much to us as it did last year. 

Mrs. J. J. Flickinger. 

Strathmore, California 

Enclosed find $77.13 as the offering for 
the China Mission from the children of the 
Lindsay (N. Calif. Dist.) Sunday-school. 


The Missionary Visitor 


This was their first attempt at anything of 
this kind and they were very enthusiastic. 
As the time drew near for the opening of 
the barrels, interest ran high and the adults 
were fully as anxious as the children. They 
voted heartily to go into it again in 1927. 

Erne Metzger. 

Rock Lake, North Dakota 

Enclosed please find names of Juniors of 
Brumbaugh Sunday-school, and what they 
did to earn money for Liao Chou hospital : 

Raised chickens, Marguerite Deal, $5.80; 
Robert Deal, $3.80; Joseph Deal, $2.00; 
Ramona Boehmke," $2.50; Willie Boehmke. 
$2.50; Ida Sampson, $2.00; Ella Sampson, 
$2.00; Marie McDermott, 50 cents; Deloris 
Geber, $3.00. 

Raised potatoes, Charles McDermott, $2.00; 
Willie McDermott, $2.00; Frank McDermott, 
$2.00. Raised honey, David Sampson, $4.00. 
Raised a goose, Irene McDermott, $1.50. 
Mrs. Irvin Deal, Leader. 
Rock Lake, X. D. 

Northeastern Ohio 

Enclosed find $61.00 from the Center 
Sunday-school, Louisville, for Liao Chou. 
China. Proceeds from the quarters which 
the children had invested. They raised 
chickens, tomatoes, corn, picked berries, 
washed dishes, ran errands, etc. Sunday 
afternoon, Nov. 21, the children brought 
their earnings in envelopes, and after sing- 
ing "Little Givers," presented their offer- 
ing and told how they had earned the same. 
This was followed by a missionary address 
by a returned missionary. 

Savilla Taylor, 
Sec. Miss. Com. 

Plymouth, Indiana 

Enclosed you. will find a dollar to place 
with your World Wide Mission money. 

Our boy instead of spending money for 
fire crackers last July 4, is sending a dollar 
so some other little boys and girls can go 
to Sunday-school. This is from the Mt. 
Pleasant Church in Northern Indiana, Galen 
Hanawalt, sender. This should have been 
sent long ago but the letter was misplaced. 

Hoping it might do some little good be- 
cause Galen was overjoyed to do something. 

Yours sincerely, 
Nov. 5, 1926. Mrs. Alma Hanawalt. 

^H^h i 

Junior Department and Mrs. S. M. Harbaugh, Mis- 
sionary Superintendent of the South Waterloo 

Western Maryland 

Here are some of the twenty-eight work- 
ing for Liao Chou, in Cherry Grove church, 
near Avilton. Several mission study books 
are being read and passed along. On Sun- 
day evening, Oct. 3, they gave a missionary 
program at the regular Christian workers' 
hour. Besides presenting the needs of 
China, through songs, recitations, exercises, 
etc., the story and posters just received from 
Elgin were used, and many of the children 
gave one minute talks on " How I Am Earn- 
ing Money." Here are some of the ways 
brought out at the program and in meet- 
ings with their adult adviser : Selling ap- 
ples, working on the road, picking peaches; 
and raising corn, chickens, potatoes, toma- 
toes, cucumbers. They are planning a 
Thanksgiving program, at which time the 
offering will be used toward the support of 
Bro. Flohr in Africa. The older folks de- 
cided to give their part of the offering for 
the same cause, since the young people of 
Maryland support Bro. Flohr. All are 
anxious for the Christmas program for at 
that time the offering for Liao Chou will 
be taken. 

Irva Kendrick Haney, Adult Adviser. 

November, 1926. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mrs. Mary E. Beeghley, Dayton, Ohio, sends fifteen dollars from the Junior League of the Ft. 
McKinley Sunday-school, for Liao Chou. They earned their money gathering and selling more than 
a ton of paper and magazines. Behold the boosters! 

Mrs. D. F. Warner, of New Bethlehem, 
Pa., under date of Jan. 20, 1927, sends $30.77, 
money raised by the children of the Red 
Bank congregation, Western Pennsylvania, 
for the Liao Chou project. Of this sum the 
Intermediate girls contributed $11.55; Inter- 
mediate boys, $2.00; Juniors, $5.75; Pri- 
maries, $4.47; teacher of Beginners, $2.00; 
teacher of Primaries, $5.00. 

Means of raising the money were as fol- 
lows : Doing housework, raising carrots, 
potatoes, pop corn, hens and selling eggs, 
making candy, selling dried apples, hickory 
nuts, milk, cream, caddying, and giving 
Christmas money. One teacher gave of her 
salary as schoolteacher. 

Mt. Airy, Maryland 

Enclosed you will find $40.13, which is 
from the Willing Workers' class, also the 
Juniors and Primaries of the Pleasant Hill 
Sunday-school, Monrovia, Md. This was 
raised in various ways, and is to help carry 
the Gospel to Liao Chou. We are praying 
it may help bring salvation to the folks in 
China. I am sending a picture of our little 
band of workers. Ruth E. Main. 

All Junior Leaguers who contribute $4.00 
or more in one year are entitled to the 
Missionary Visitor. 


Seraipur, India 
Aug. 6, 1926 
Dear James : 

Night before last, at nine o'clock, the doc- 
tors told me that they were going to do an 
operation, and if I wanted to see it, I should 
come over. So I went. When the nurse was 
getting ready, opening up dressings and 
sponges, she came to one that you had done 
up, and had gotten ready for the sterilizer 
when you helped at the hospital during va- 
cation. She showed it to me, and it was as 
neat and nice as if a girl had done it. So it 
was with some of your work and effort that 
this operation was carried on. 

The little boy who was to be operated on 
was ten years old, and he was so poor. His 
father had almost no clothing, and the boy 
had only the smallest possible loin cloth. 
They came from a station a short distance 
away, but they did not have the price of a 
ticket, so the government doctor there, tak- 
ing pity on them, paid it from his own pock- 
et. Dr. Brown asked the man what his 
wages were, and he said he got no money, 
but each day three pounds of rice, and that 
was all. 

The little boy was carrying a bottle of 


The Missionary Visitor 


kerosene, and he fell and broke the bottle, 
and the broken neck of the bottle cut a hole 
in his abdomen about the size of a silver 
rupee. It was four or five days before he was 
taken to the doctor, and in the meantime, 
something from his inside began to come out, 
and when he got here, that was in a very 
bad condition. The little fellow cried much 
and must have had a lot of pain. Of course, 
he had to have chloroform for the operation, 
and when he was taking that we had to 
hold him down for he was so afraid. It took 
Dr. Brown a long time to get this operation 
done, for he had to be so careful. Not one 
bit of that which had come outside could be 
put back in, for it was all black and green. 
It had to be cut off and the places all sewed 
up, and the doctor had to be very careful 
that he did not cut off anything that this 
little fellow really had to have inside him to 

After the operation I carried the boy to 
his room. He was so skinny that he was 
not as heavy as your little brother. I went 
to see him next morning, but he was asleep 
then, but he had told the doctor that he was 
ready to go home. He said his side hurt as 
much as ever, so I guess he thought he was 
no better off than he had been before. But 
of course he is. but the wound must have 
time to heal. He certainly would have died 
without the operation. 

When I see so many people in India who 
are so poor, and who need a doctor so much, 
I am glad that you think you want to be a 
missionary doctor. You know you have the 
right to change your mind about it, for I do 
not think anyone should engage in any 
occupation or profession simply to please 
another person, but I am sure that medicine 
is a worthy profession. 

We need godly doctors, and I am sure you 
will be that kind. And I want you to be a 
good doctor if you are going to be one. 
Anything that is worth doing at all is 
worth doing well. I shall give you every as- 
sistance possible in your preparation to ber 
come the best physician and surgeon you 
can be. 

I think it is fine that you can read this 
letter and understand all of it. I used to 
have to write you very simply, but now you 
are able to read anything I can write, and 
understand it too. That shows vou are mak- 

Children Workers for Liao Chou in Pleasant Hill 
Sunday-school, Monrovia, Maryland 

At right, back row, is one of the leaders; at left, 
Miss Ruth E. Main, leader, who sends the picture. 

ing progress in your education. Work hard, 
for now is the time that counts. It comes 
harder when you get older, even as old as I. 
Mother will be leaving you before long, 
and then you must be a boarder in the school. 
Be the best kind of a boy, James, and help 
your brother to be good, too. I would trust 
you anywhere, for I know you have a lot 
of love for your parents, and nothing pleases 
us so as to know that you are clean and true. 
I send you my best love and good wishes. 

Your Daddy. 

Note. This letter was written by one of our 
missionaries to his son. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: I live in India, where my 
father is a missionary. I am thirteen years old, and 
in the Junior Cambridge, which is equal to the 
second year of high school in America. I have a 
sister and brother older than I and a sister younger. 
I go to school at Woodstock, Mussoorie, up in the 
Himalaya Mountains. We are 1,000 feet up. My 
father does evangelistic work, and we all go with 
him. While we are touring we live in tents. It 
is great fun. We are touring at present, and our 
tent is just on the bank of a lake. It is beautiful 
to see the sun rise over the lake. 

Last night, on our return from one of the village 
huts where my mother had been talking to the 
Indian women, we passed an Indian temple. There 
was a dome and a little passage leading from one 
side. The passage was only about three yards wide, 
and hanging from the roof was a bell. On one side 
of this passage was one of their gods called the 
monkey god. It was a hideous object, roughly 
carved in the shape of a monkey and smeared 
with red paint and oil which the people pour on 
it before worshiping it. Then in the middle of the 
passage was the image of a bull roughly carved 
out of stone. This is supposed to be the riding 
horse of the god that sits under the dome. The god 
is a piece of stone rounded off at the top, with four 
white blotches for the eyes, nose and mouth. Over 
it hangs a tin thing that is supposed to take the 
place of an umbrella, and beside the god is a big 
drum. In the background is a small image which 
is supposed to be its wife. 

After looking at that temple we went on, with 
a crowd of children at our heels. Then we came 
to another temple. The gods were inside a door 
(Continued on Page 96) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1926. As of January 31, 1927, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year ending 
February 28, 1927, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1926, $239,464.12 

(The 1926 Budget of $382,775.00 is 62.6%. raised, 
whereas it should be 91.6%) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on January 
31, 1927: 

Income since March 1, 1926, $287,905.11 

Income same period last year, 279,047.78 

Expense since March 1, 1926, 282,512.87 

Expense same period last year, 271,335.12 

Mission deficit January. 31, 1927, 4,723.94 

Mission deficit December 31, 1926, 23,476.24 

Decrease in deficit for January, 1927, 18,752.30 

Correction. Through an unintentional omission the 
report of part of the November receipts was not pub- 
lished in the February Visitor as promised. The 
iollowing record down to the record for December 
shows these receipts for November: 


Ohio— $2.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. 93472 (Greens- 
spring), $ 2.00 

Total for the month, $ 2.00 

Total previously reported, 26.00 

Total for the year, $ 28.00 

California.— $45.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $ 45.00 

Indiana— $40.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris 40.00 

Iowa— $340.35 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, $80.35: 
Bagley, $10, 90.35 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, 250.00 

Ohio— $16.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Wyandot, 16.50 

Oregon— $23.25 

Cong.: Mabel, $16; S. S. : Mabel, $7.25, .. 23.25 
Pennsylvania— $200.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Greentree, 200.00 

Washington— $8.30 

Cong.: No. Spokane, 8.30 

Total for the month, $ 673.40 

Total previously reported, 50,224.34 

Correction No. 10, 500 00 

Total for the year, . .'. $ 50,397.74 

California— $2.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: S. F. W. Oakland), ....$ 2.50 
Illinois— $3.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 3.75 

Indiana— $16.55 

No. Dist., S. S. : Blue River, 16.55 

Oregon— $2.00 

S. S.: Mabel, 2.00 

Pennsylvania— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Living Link" Class 
(Lewistown), 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 39.80 

Total previously reported, 141.16 

Total for the year, $ 180.96 

California— $140.32 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for E. D. Vani- 
man and wife and L. A. Blickenstaff & Wife, 
$121.57; " Harmony Class " La Verne for 

Edward Leland Brubaker, $18.75, 140.32 

Colorado— $259.76 

E. Dist., Rocky Ford Cong, for Anna N. 
Crumpacker, $58.16; S. G. Nickey (Colorado 
Springs) for Dr. Barbara Nickey, $201.60, .. 259.76 
Illinois— $550.00 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris Cong, for Ruth 
Ulery, $300; Mt. Morris College Missionary 

Society for D. J. Lichty, $250, 550.00 

Indiana— $847.87 

Mid. Dist., Pipe Creek Cong, for Anna 
Forney, $250; Student Volunteers of Man- 
chester College for Clara Harper Budget, 
$250, ..... 500.00 

No. Dist., Sunday School for Minerva 
Metzger and Mary Schaeffer, 223.87 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Cong, for Nettie B. 

Summer, 124.00 

Maryland— $102.00 

E. Dist., Y. P. D.'s of Md., Del. & D. C. 

for Earl W. Flohr, 102.00 

Ohio— $157.13 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 
$32.13; E: Nimishillen S. S. for Goldie E. 

Swartz, $125, 157.13 

Pennsylvania— $1,235.50 

E. Dist., Conestoga Cong, for Ida Buck- 
ingham, 275.00 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, 21.00 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong, for H. Stover 
Kulp, 200.00 

W. Dist., Scalp Level Cong, for Dr. H. L. 
Burke, $650; Pittsburgh Cong, for L. S. 
Brubaker, $51; Pittsburgh S. S. for Marie 

W. Brubaker, $38.50, 739.50 

Virginia— $340.13 

First Dist., Cloverdale Cong, for Rebecca 
C. Wampler, .25.00 

Sec. Dist., Pleasant Valley Cong, for Edna 
R. Flory, $75; Pleasant Valley S. S. for 
Edna R. Flory, $175; Barren Ridge Cong, for 
Nora Flory, $40; Lebanon Cong, for Chalmer 
Shull, $25.13, 315.13 

Total for the month, $3,632.71 

Total previously reported, 29,856.97 

Correction No. 11, 20.00 

Correction No. 10, 500.00 

Total for the year, $33,969.68 

Tract Distribution: During the month of Decem- 
ber the Board sent out 1,573 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 13: See July, 1926, Visitor, under 
World Wide Missions. Credit of $2.00 to Cerro 
Gordo, So. 111., has since been refunded for other 

Correction No. 14: See February, 1927 Visitor, under 
World Wide Missions credit of $50 to Florence 
S. S. Mich, should instead be a credit to Florence 
S. S., Shipshewana Cong., No. Ind. 

December Receipts: The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Decem- 
ber ; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Arizona— $94.26 

Cong.: Phoenix, $50.31; S. S. : Glendale, 

$43.95, $ 94.26 

Arkansas— $3.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Mary Babb & Daughter, .... 3.00 

California— $1,176.07 

No. Dist., Cong.: Laton, $29.26; Oakland, 
$55.13; Empire, $65.51; W. T. Bray (Em- 
pire) $2; Mrs. N. A. Harman (Lindsay) $3; 
S. S. Modesto, $23.06; Empire, $171.45; Live 
Oak, $2.95; McFarland, $16.15; "Live Wire 
Class" (Laton) $10, 378.51 

So. Dist., Cong.: Santa Ana, $49.68; Cal- 
vary (Los Angeles) $100; Covina, $121.71; San 
Bernardino, $11.52; Pasadena, $460.10; Bel- 
vedere, $14.15; D. M. Fike (1st Los Angeles) 
$1; S. S. : Hermosa Beach, $24.40; Indv.: L. 
D. Bosserman & Wife, $5; B. F. Enyeart, $5; 

M. Grace Miller, $5, 797.56 

China— $30.00 

Indv.: Elizabeth Baker, 30.00 

Colorado— $89.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Walter Zunkel 
(Sterling) $4; Indv.: H. P. Lehman, $75,... 79.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: H. M. Long & Wife 

(Fruita), 10.00 

Florida— $108.72 

Cong.: Sebring, $68.72; Indv.: Eva Heagley 

Hurst, $25; C. E. Schuldt, $15, 108.72 

Idaho— $67.44 

Cong.: Nezperce, $13.13; Moscow, $8.10; 
Bowmont, $23.06; Winchester, $17.65; H. G. 
Shank (M. N.) (Fruitland) $.50; Indv.: Ellis 
H. West, $5, 67.44 

Illinois— $1,196.97 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $36; Yel- 
low Creek, $22.15; Dixon, $15.32; Bethel, 
$74.28; Waddams Grove, $11.20; Rockford, 
$6; Batavia, $14.81; Pine Creek, $15.79; Free- 
port, $15.54; Elgin, $162.47; Shannon, $28.60; 
Milledgeville, $32.01; Franklin Grove, $58.59; 
Rice Lake, $13.10; Lanark, $142.38; Mrs. 
Sarah Deutschman (Bethel) $4; W. J. Werk- 
man (1st Chicago) $2; Silas Richard (Frank- 
lin Grove) $4; Annetta Yarger (Waddams 
Grove) $30; Ezra Lutz (Chelsea) $2; Mrs. 
O. H. Willard (1st Chicago) $14.50; Galen 
Barkdoll (1st Chicago) $2; J. W. Lear (1st 
Chicago) $25; S. S. : Hastings St. (1st 
Chicago) $25.62; Rockford, $3.52; Franklin 
Grove, $36.16; Sterling, $4.80; Aid Soc. : 
Hastings St., (1st Chicago) $5; 1st Chicago, 
$50; Indv.: D. C. McGonigle, $4.40; Mrs. 
Geo. W. Dailey, $2 863.24 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, $39.91; La Motte 
Prairie, $18.50; Oakley, $20.52; Cerro Gordo, 
$30.87; Liberty, $28.65; Romine, $3.50; Wood- 
land, $50; No. 94071 (Champaign) $10; No. 
93696 (Champaign) $5; S. S.: La Motte Prairie 
$9.50; Centennial (Okaw) $23.31; Woodland, 
$90.07; Indv.: H. W. Strickler, $2.90; Mrs. 
J. H. Neal, $1, 333.73 

Indiana— $2,195.49 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $54; Walton, 
$26.93; Cart Creek, $26.51; So. Whitley, $18.13; 
Spring Creek, $27.10; Clear Creek, $53.39; 
Landessville, $3.80; Logansport, $8.19; Mexico, 
$29.79; W. Eel River, $15; Wabash Country, 
$32; Lloyd C. Blickenstaff (Mexico) $1; C. 
W. Warstler (M. N.) (Huntington City) 
$1.50; Iva Bollinger (So. Whitley) $5; Dessie 
Bollinger (So. Whitley) $5; A Friend (Hunt- 
ington) $25; Grace Hiatt (Mexico) $2; Rev. 
A. G. Crosswhite (Peru) $.50; S. S. : Markle, 
$34.92; Beaver Creek, $52.15; Plunge Creek 
Chapel, $19.30; Mexico, $11.60; Courter (Mex- 
ico) $1; Manchester, $300; Pleasant Dale, 
$17.27; Spring Creek, $91.24; Salamonie, 
$168.88; Indv.: Lanna S. Friend, $2, $1,030.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Plymouth, $39.51; .Pleas- 
ant Valley, $23.34; Baugo, $47.38; New Paris, 
$66.23; W. Goshen, $91.50; Auburn, $7.74; 
No. Liberty, $53.48; Cedar Creek, $14.27; Sec. 
So. Bend, $23.80; Union Center, $31.85; Cedar 
Lake, $10; Wakarusa, $25; Nettie C. Wey- 
bright (Syracuse) $2; Lee R. Cory (Bethel) 
$5; Mrs. Rebecca Paulus (Elkhart City) $5; 

Mrs. J. H. Christian (Walnut) $3; Wm. L. 
Gordon (LaPorte) $10; S. S. : Jasper Sherck's 
Class (Middlebury) $5.75; D. B. Bollinger's 
Class (Middlebury) $4.80; La Porte, $5.44; 
Plymouth, $26.55; Elkhart, $50; Rock Run, 
$107; Beginners Dept. (1st. So. Bend) $20; 
Oak Grove, $76.93; Yellow Creek, $8.65, .... 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $143.90; Four 
Mile, %77; Kokomo, $1.35; Nettle Creek, $50; 
Mt. Pleasant, $20; Indianapolis, $37.60; How- 
ard, $10.45; Mrs. Bertha Crosby (Mt. Pleas- 
ant) $5; Amy Idle, (Buck Creek) $5; No. 
94384 (Four Mile) $12; V. B. Browning & 
Wife (Muncie) $10; L. W. Teeter (Nettle 
Creek) $1; Esta Lannerd (Nettle Creek) $8; 
Chas. H. Ellabarger (Nettle Creek) $5; S. 
S.: Kokomo, $6.12; White, $2.60; Indv.: J. C. 
Mitchell, $1; Mrs. Laura Lynch, $2.85; 

Rosetta Arndt, $2.20, 

Iowa— $1,053.22 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Prairie City, $16.40; 
Dallas Center, $64.46; Garrison, $4.76; Musca- 
tine, $4.56; Panther Creek, $118; Cedar, $33.78; 
Iowa River, $30; Coon River, $11.30; Brook- 
lyn, $12.67; Des Moines, $21.90; S. S.: Musca- 
tine, $3.37; Indv.: An Individual, $10, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin County, $42.79; 
Kingsley, $101.32; So. Waterloo, $188.50; Mrs. 
A. H. Replogle (So. Waterloo) $5; David and 
Sarah Brallier (Curlew) $15; Mrs. W. V. 
Smith (Ivester) $3; Nora Thurston (Water- 
loo City— So. Waterloo) $10; S. S. : Primary 
Class (So. Waterloo) $14.50; Sisters' Class 
(So. Waterloo) $9.82; Greene, $9.14; Sheldon, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Libertyville, $67.62; Eng- 
lish River, $190.04; So. Keokuk, $22.06; Coun- 
cil Bluffs, $4.31; Jemima Kob (Franklin) $5; 
A Sister (Osceola) $5; S. S. : Salem, $24.08; 
So. Keokuk, $1.56, 

Kansas — $517.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Lone Star, $57.56; Rich- 
land Center, $22.87; Overbrook, $2.25; Olathe, 
$24.78; J. C. Peck (Morrill) $1; Mary Hick- 
erson (McLough) $5; S. S. : Olathe, $4.58; 
Oaklanl (Topeka) $20; Washington, $11.25, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Jennie Neher 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Verdigris, $7.80; Mont 
Ida, $13.50; Fredonia, $36.50; E. W. Waas 
(Galesburg) $3; Maggie C. Ruthrauff (Paint 
Creek) $5; Fannie Stevens (Osage) $3; Carl 
R. Meir (Chanute) $2; S. S.: Galesburg, $6.26; 
"Winner" Class (Fredonia) $8.50; Aid Soc: 
Osage, $10, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Peabody, $11; Monitor, 
$49.35; Eden Valley, $30; Conway Springs, 
$21.95; 1st Wichita, $35.56; Oliver H. Austin 
& Wife (McPherson) $25; Lizzie A. Lehman 
(Newton) $2; Geo. W. Tannreuther (McPher- 
son) $75; D. W. Kurtz (McPherson) $5; S. 

S.: Larned, $12.29; Bloom, $6, 

Louisiana— $73.87 

Cong.: Roanoke, $54.87; Rosepine, $19, 

Maryland— $1,271.29 

E. Dist., Cong.: Washington City, $108; 
Fulton Ave. Baltimore, $65.41; Union Bridge 
(Pipe Creek) $75.53; Pipe Creek, $275; Long 
Green Valley, $11; Thurmont, $2; Meadow 
Branch, $26.35; Westminster (Meadow 
Branch) $77.93; Edgewood (Sams Creek) 
$39.32; Denton, $8.37; Green Hill, $19; An 
Individual (Washington City) $5; S. S. : 
Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) $2.50; Myersville 
(Upper Middletown Valley) $66.76; " Sunshine 
Band" Pipe Creek, $5; Aid Soc: Pipe Creek, 
$25; Easton M. E. Church, $5.25, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $51.05; 
Longmeadow, $46.20; Longmeadow (Beaver 
Creek) $25; Broadfording, $97.37; Welsh Run 
$59.39; Lillie M. Lenherr (Welsh Run) $2; 
D. H. Anthony & Wife (Broadfording) $10; 
Unknown donor (Hagerstown) $50; John A. 
Myers (Licking Creek) $10; S. .S: Browns- 
ville, $24.36; Aid Soc: Pleasant View, $25, .. 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $20; Fairview, 
$18; Cherry Grove, $5; H. S. Coleman & 
Wife (Cherry Grove) $5; Indv.: R. A. Haney, 













The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— $230.56 

Cong.: Beaverton, $29.95; Battle Creek, 
$16.17; Vestaburg, $5.50; Durand (Elsie) $13; 
Sunfield, $1.64; Hart, $.50; Pontiac, $21; Zion, 
$6.25; Long Lake, $4.50; John Swanstra & 
Wife (Beaverton) $10; Warren Danner (Lake 
View) $12.50; Peter B. Messner (Thornapple) 
$1; R. J. McRoberts (M. N.) (Thornapple) 
$.50; S. S.: Shepherd, $57.65; Onekama, $40.90; 
Lake View, $8.50; Indv.: Mrs. Wm. Schuchert 
in memory of her mother Mrs. , Martha 

Bratt, $1, 230.56 

Minnesota— $362.08 

Cong.: Worthington, $9.10; Minneapolis, 
$117.09; Lewiston, $30.17; Root River, $84.53; 
J. R. Suter Family (Bethel) $1.25; Darius 
Broadwater (Preston) $5; John Kaiser (Min- 
neapolis) $3.50; Mrs. A. Sidel (Worthington) 
$4; S. S.: Bethel, $9.09; Monticello, $16.04; 

Root River, $82.31, 352.08 

Montana— $5.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Mary E. Harden, 5.00 

Missouri— $539.18 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg City & 
So. Warrensburg, $53.73; Nancy J. Harris 
(Adrian) $10; S. S. : Warrensburg & So. 
Warrensburg, $32.15; Happy Hill, $4; Indv.: 
A Sister, $100, 199.88 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakenda, $66.20; Rock- 
ingham, $43.30; Pleasant View, $5.93; No. 
Bethel, $42; Smith Fork, $128.12; S. S. : Beth- 
any (Pleasant View) $6; Aid Soc. : Smith 
Fork, $10; Rockingham, $5; No. Bethel 
(Bethel) $11, - 316.55 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Eva A. Holmes 
(Carthage) $1; Geo. E. Hallett (M. N.) 

(Fairview) $.50; S. S.: Cabool, $21.25, 22.75 

Nebraska $333.16 

Cong.: Enders, $20.74; Octavia, $64; So. 
Beatrice, $86.34; Omaha, $16; So. Loup, $9.20; 
Beatrice, $1; Afton, $17.86; S. S. : Afton, $5; 
Enders, $.72; Lincoln, $41.30; Aid Soc: Oc- 
tavia, $10; Mary A. Hargleroad (Silver 
Lake) $2; James A. Ward, Sr. (So. Loup) $5; 
Catharine R. Mussleman (Kearney) $2; Re- 
becca Essem (Beatrice) $2; David Neher & 

Family (Beatrice) $50, 333.16 

New Mexico— $31.40 

Cong.: Clovis, 31.40 

North Carolina— $6.00 

Cong.: Melvin Hill, $4; Indv.: Mrs. Nellie 

M. Frisbee, $2, 6.00 

North Dakota— $89.81 

Cong.: Brumbaugh, $7.64; Surrey, $10.60; 
Ray, $7; Ellison, $54; S. S.: Egeland, $10.57, 89.81 
Ohio— $1,992.11 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Wooster, $100; Maple 
Grove, $42.97; Black River, $60; Richland, ■ 
$32.53; Baltic, $25; Canton Center, $42.28; E. 
Chippewa, $64.75; S. M. Friend (Black River) 
$2; Bertha Helman (Tuscarawas) $2; John H. 
Bassinger (Zion Hill) $5; Unknown donor of 
Columbiana (Zion Hill) $5; Louisa Burkhart 
(Tuscarawas) $3; S. S.: W. Nimishillen, 
$121.64; Owl Creek, $3.58; Women's Mission- 
ary Soc: Zion Hill, $10; Indv.: Mary Strom, 
$1; Harriet Martin, $2, 522.75 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. Poplar Ridge, 
$125.66; Dupont, $73.33; Silver Creek, $56.25; 
Logan, $50; Black Swamp, $30; Bellefontaine, 
$26; Sugar Creek, $11.12; Sand Ridge, $1.52; 
Fostoria, $26.35; Greenspring, $16.20; Lima, 
$100; L. F. (Lick Creek) $10; S. R. (Lick 
Creek) $5; Margaret Wise (Greenspring) 
$3.50? Mrs. Ray McDorman (Baker) $10; 
S. S.: Sand Ridge, $2, 546.93 

So. Dist., Cong.: Greenville, $51.82; Beaver 
Creek, $43.68; Salem, $5; Pleasant Valley, 
$2.90; Bradford, $5; Union City, $16; Ft. Mc- 
Kinley, $23; Bear Creek, $62.79; Springfield, 
$15.55; Painter Creek, $52.60; Oakland, $137.85; 
Donnels Creek, $70.10; Albert C. Schue 
(Cleveland) $2; S. S. : Cedar Grove (Prices 
Creek) $44.75; Brookville, $40; West Milton, 
$100; Pleasant Hill, $15.47; Beech Grove, $7.42; 
Lower Miami, $53.52; Happy Corner (Lower 
Stillwater) $13.68; Middle District, $25.50; 
Pitsburg, $29.03; Harris Creek, $6.14; Green- 

ville, $6.67; Castine, $61.96; Georgetown, $20; 

Lexington, $10, 

Oklahoma— $113.20 

Cong.: Big Creek, $20.85; Washita, $65.85; 

Thomas, $26.50, 

Oregon— $47.95 

Cong.: Albany, $14.70; Grants Pass, $10; 
Myrtle Point, $11.58; Mrs. Malinda Russell 
(Ashland) $2; S. S.: Albany, $8.67; Indv.: 

Russell W. Hunt, $1, 

Pennsylvania— $4,234.42 

E. Dist., Cong.: Richland, $62.96; Lititz, 
$48.52; Indian Creek, $173; White Oak, $269.63; 
Fredericksburg, $72.02; Reading, $29.14; 
Spring Grove, $64.52; Chiques, $111; Ephrata, 
$207; Hatfield, $88; Midway, $20.50; W. 
Conestoga, $82.08; Schuylkill, $26.69; Sham- 
okin, $18.36; Little Swatara, $53.26; Beryl 
Firestone (Spring Creek) $50; David H. 
Markey (Maiden Creek) $50; Unknown donor 
(Elizabethtown) $1; Adaline H. Witter, 
(Myerstown) $3; Sister E. M. Grosh (W. 
Green Tree) $25; S. S.: Bareville (Conestoga) 
$19; Mingo, $95.85; E. Petersburg, $10.40; 
Annville, $21.71; W. Conestoga, $40.27; Eph- 
rata, $25; Harrisburg, $20; Mountville, $14.25; 
Beginners, Primary, Jr. Boys' and Jr. Girls' 
Classes (Lancaster) $31; "Gleaners" Class 
(Akron) $5; E. Fairview, $46.41 ;' Indian Creek, 
$20.21; 1st year Primary Class (Lancaster) 
$7.75; Aid Soc: Fredericksburg, $5; Mingo, 
$50; Indv.: Cyrus Westheaffer $4, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St. Altoona, $75; 
Dry Valley, $91; Spring Run, $59.26; Clover 
Creek, $40; Lewistown, $290.86; W. R. Kaga 
rise & Family (Woodbury) $25; M. R. Brum- 
baugh (Clover Creek) $2; E. G. Wakefield 
(Aughwick) $5; Mrs. Rachael Rhodes (28th 
St. Altoona) $2; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek) $10; Wilbur O. Snyder (Hunt- 
ingdon) $1.50; W. H. Gaunt (Huntingdon) 
$2.90; Mrs. John T. Dopp (Huntingdon) $2; 
S. S.: Maitland (Dry Valley) $12.24; Wil- 
liamsburg, $95.95; Germany Valley (Augh- 
wick)) $16.51; Yellow Creek, $9.82; Curryville 
(Woodbury) $6.62; Holsinger (Woodbury) 
$20; Albright, $16; " Soul Winners " Class 
(Spring Run) $10; Aid Soc: Lewistown, $20, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Miss S. E. Beck (Ger- 
mantown-Phila.) $5; S. S. : Quakertown 
(Springfield) $20.36; Germantown (Phila.) $25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ridge, $31; Sugar Val- 
ley, $10.20; Lost Creek, $58.59; New Fairview, 
$95.77; Huntsdale, $26.24; Codorus, $169.97; 
Brandts (Back Creek) $10.54; Waynesboro, 
$301.58; Harry W. Weaver (Marsh Creek) 
$3; "A Friend" (Hanover) $25.50; Mary Bix- 
ler (York) $1; S. S.: Mechanicsburg. $25.60; 
Melrose (Upper Codorus) $18.80; Chestnut 
Grove (Upper Codorus) $9.31; Three Springs 
(Perry) $37.05; Carlisle, $9.31; Pleasant Hill 
(Codorus) $5.08; New Fairview, $15.76; Han- 
over, $5.06; Indv.: R. B. Stambaugh, $2; H. 
K. Latshaw, $2, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Ten Mile, $10; Morrell- 
ville, $65.50; Middle Creek, $8; Bolivar, $5; 
Elk Lick, $32.87; Purchase Line, $31.60; Rock- 
ton, $8; Montgomery, $14.50; Red Bank, 
$3.58; Rummel, $40.16; Westmont, $100; Mt. 
Joy, $66.40; Fairview (Georges Creek) $17.30; 
Hooversville, $4.60; Annie Widdowson (Mont- 
gomery) $5; H. D. Widdowson (Montgom- 
ery) $5; Stanley Bowser (Glade Run) $1; 
Mrs. Carman Bowser (Glade Run) $2; Paul 
Claypool (Glade Run) $3; Raymond L. Mor- 
ris (Nanty Glo) $3.50; David C. Ribblett 
(Locust Grove) $1; Mrs. Anna Saylor (Mid- 
dle Creek) $5; A Sister (Rockton) $1; M. 
R. Hollopeter (Rockton) $10; A Brother 
(Montgomery) $7.50; Arthur Wolford & Wife 
(Ligonier) $4; W. D. Rummel (M. N.) (Que- 
mahoning) $.50; S. S. : Plum Creek, $57.48; 
Glade Run, $39.47; Ethel Morrison's and Mrs. 
Carman Bowser's Classes (Glade Run) $8; 
Locust Grove, $20; Junior Class No. 3 (Rum- 
mel) $7.89; Junior Class No. 1, (Rummel) 
$10.19; Primary Class No. 3 (Rummel) $9.32; 
Primary Class No. 2 (Rummel) $4.50; Pri- 
mary Class No. 1 (Rummel) $9.38; Beginners 









The Missionary Visitor 


Class No. 2 (Rummel) $4.50; Beginners Class 
No. 1 (Rummel) $5.55; Indv.: O. A. Hol- 
singer, $1; Mrs. J. C. Mountan, $.22; No. 

85368, $2, 635.51 

South Dakota— $24.14 

Cong.: Willow Creek, $14.14; S. S. : Wil- 
low Creek, $10, 24.14 

Texas— $47.67 

Cong.: Manvel, $41.67; C. D. Fager (Fal- 

furrias) $6, 47.67 

Tennessee— $77.00 

Cong.: Limestone, $11; Knob Creek, $6; 
Pleasant Hill, $5.75; Beaver Creek, $29; 
Mountain Valley, $10.10; Mrs. R. C. Mooney 
(White Horn) $5; A. M. Isenberg (Meadow 

Branch) $10.15, 77.00 

Virginia— $865.68 

E. Dist., Cong.: Canon Branch, $17.78; 
Oronoco, $3.50; Mt. Carmel, $16.94; S. S.: 
Drainesville (Fairfax) $8.70, 46.92 

First Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $90.69; Cop- 
per Hill, $15; Daleville, $118.34; Mrs. Ella 
Bowman (Smiths Chapel) $1; G. P. Hylton 
(Smiths Chapel) $10; S. S.: Copper Hill, $5; 
Aid Soc: Cloverdale, $40, 280.03 

No. Dist., Cong.: Unity, $30; Greenmount, 
V0.75; Mill Creek, $85.02; Flat Rock, $7.25; 
Linville Creek, $35.80; Woodstock, $21; Cooks 
Creek, $43.04; Pleasant View, $18.85; Frank 
Stultz & Wife (Crab Run-Upper Lost River) 
$10; P. S. Thomas (Harrisonburg) $1; S. S. : 
Mill Creek, $64.64, 337.35 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Barren Ridge, $17.02; 
Middle River, $50.08; Summit. $37.50; San- 
gerville, $24.06; Bettie F. Lamb (Barren 
Ridge) $5; Ressie Kanost (Moscow) $5; Aid 
Soc: No. 2-Sangerville, $4.86, 143.52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $10; School- 
field, $3.75; Maple Grove, $12; Antioch, 
$25.11; Bassett, $3.16; S. S. : Bassett, $3.84, .. 57.86 
Washington— $165.66 

Cong.: Tacoma, $13.50; Yakima, $100; 
Whitestone, $14.35; Olympia, $14.06; S. S. : 
Outlook, $18.75; Indv.: J. L. Teeter & Fam- 
ily, $5, 165.66 

West Virginia— $539.21 

First Dist., Eglon, $55; Beaver Run, $22.08; 
Harman, $57.73; Sandy Creek, $350; J. D. 
Beery (Tearcoat) $25; Mrs. Minnie B. Miller 
(Eglon) $1; S. S.: Bright Hollow (Capon 
Chapel) $5; Road Ridge (Capon Chapel) $6; 
White Pine, $7.50, 529.31 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: J. F. Ross, 9.90 

Wisconsin— $58.39 

Cong.: White Rapids, $23.60; Chippewa Val- 
ley, $22; Mrs. Ada L. Browne (Stanley) $3; 
S. S.: White Rapids, $1.26; Rock Falls Union, 
$8.53, 58.39 

Total for the month, $17,638.95 

Total previously reported, 49,051.98 

Correction No. 13, 2.00 

Total for the year, $66,688.93 

Iowa— $10.34 

So. Dist., S. S.: Franklin, $ 10.34 

Kansas— $2.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Richland Center, 2.00 

Louisiana— $13.60 

S. S.: Roanoke, 13.60 

Maryland— $135.61 

E. Dist., S. S. : Westminster (Meadow 

Branch) , 135.61 

North Dakota— $23.52 

S. S.: Minot, 23.52 

Ohio— $41.31 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: No. Poplar Ridge, .... 9.82 

So. Dist., S. S.: Lower Miami, 31.49 

Pennsylvania— $2.77 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: James Creek, 2.77 

South Dakota— $7.25 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 7.25 

Virginia— $10.45 

Sec. Dist., S. S. : Bridgewater, 10.45 

Total for the month, $ 246.85 

Total previously reported, 1,202.28 

Total for the year, $1,449.13 

Illinois— $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: R. Robertson (1st Chi- 
cago), $ 2.00 

Indiana — $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Freda Michael (Grace- 
Indianapolis), 2.00 

Kansas— $3.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Orpha Loshbaugh (Hol- 
low), 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $7.09 

E. Dist., Cong.: Katherine E. Zug 
(Chiques), 5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wilbur O. Snyder 
(Huntingdon), 2.00 

Total for the month, $ 14.00 

Total previously reported, 42.00 

Total for the year $ 56.00 

Illinois— $27.50 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 27.50 

Kansas— $21.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Fort Scott, 6.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Hutchinson, 15.00 

Maryland— $120.00 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 120.00 

Michigan— $60.00 

Aid Societies, 60.00 

Missouri— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Mountain Grove 

(Cabool), 10.00 

Virginia— $45.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 45.00 

Total for the month, $ 283.50 

Total previously reported 3,347.02 

Total for the year, $3,630.52 

Illinois— $35.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $ 3.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $2.75;- S. S. : 

Astoria, $30 32.75 

Indiana— $23.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elkhart, $10; Elsie Fin- 
ley (Blue River) $1, 11.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Amy Idle (Buck Creek) 
$5; Chas. H. Ellabarger (Nettle Creek) $5; 

Mattie Mathews (Middletown) $2, 12.00 

Missouri— $85.50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 85.50 

Ohio— $1.00 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Maria B. Miller 1.00 

Pennsylvania— $65.43 

W. Dist., Cong.: Penn Run, $29.30; Shade 

Creek, $36.13, 65.43 

Virginia— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 215.68 

Total previously reported, 859.41 

Total for the year, $ 1,075.09 

Idaho— $2.00 

S. S.: Junior Class, Winchester, $ 2.00 

Iowa— $50.00 
Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Dallas Center, .... 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 52.00 

Total previously reported, '. 369.38 

Total for the year, $ 421.38 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $1.50 

So. Dist., Indv.: Catherine Talbot, $ 1.50 

Idaho— $10.00 

Cong.: Fruitland, 10.00 

Illinois— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove, 2.00 

Maryland— $104.69 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc. : Brownsville 100.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, 4.69 

Mnnesota— $5.00 

Indv.: Orin Chapman '. S.00 

Ohio— $3.75 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 3.75 

Pennsylvania— $141.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ardenheim, $100; S. S. : 
Riddlesburg, $6, 106.00 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Huntsdale, $10; No. 94463 
(York) $25, 35.00 

Total for the month, $ 267.94 

Total previously reported, 4,019.01 

" Total for the year, $ 4,286.95 



No. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire Class " Laton, 
$65.34; Reedley, $3, $ 68.34 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept. Calvary (Los 
Angeles) $50; Jr. Dept. Hermosa Beach, $6.02, 56.02 
Colorado— $15.37 

E. Dist., S. S.: Children of Denver, 15.37 

Illinois— $395.13 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanark, $95.89; Roy 
Frantz Moyer (1st Chicago) $2; S. S. : 
Douglas. Park (1st Chicago) $24.51; C. W. 
S. : Junior & Intermediate, Franklin Grove, 
$73, 195.40 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Motte Prairie, $6.71; 
S. S.: Primary Dept. La Place (Okaw) $27.69; 
Intermediate Class, La Place (Okaw) $16.67; 
15 S. S. Scholars: La Motte Prairie, $42; 
Children of Centennial (Okaw) $39.51; Chil- 
dren's Division (Astoria) $30; Junior League: 

Cerro Gordo, $37.15, 199.73 

Indiana— $662.68 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, $122.84; 
S. S. : Salamonie, $33.26; Spring Creek, $1; 
Children of Bachelor Run, $44.70; Cart Creek, 
$13.45; Monticello, $72.97; Bethel Center 
(Hartford City) $15.13; Junior League: Beav- 
er Creek, $25.55, 328.90 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Liberty, $19.43; S. S. : 
Children of Turkey Creek, $34; Children of 
Pleasant Chapel, $30.40; Bethel, $24.32; Chil- 
dren of Wakarusa, $12.70; Primary Dept. 
Blue River, $125.45; Junior & Intermediate 
Classes Maple Grove, $71, 317.30 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys Class Ko- 
komo, $3.12; Primary Dept. Kokomo, $13.36, 16.48 
Iowa— $191.18 

No. Dist., S. S. : Children of Curlew, 
$27.88; Children of Greene, $15, 42.88 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior & Intermediate 
Classes, English River, $35; Primary Dept., 
English River, $36.35; Cradle Roll, English 

River, $2.40; Children of Salem, $74.55, 148.30 

Kansas— $68.40 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Beginner, Primary, Jun- 
ior, Intermediate & Young People Classes, 
Olathe, 17.95 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Ora L. and Elinore 
Harris (Osage) $3; S. S. : Primary Children 
Hollow, $7, 10.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Children of Larned, .. 40.45 
Maryland— $200.99 

E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls Class, West- 
minster (Meadow Branch) $12; Primary 
Classes, Westminster (Meadow Branch) $5.50; 
Denton, $87.70, 105.20 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mabel E. Egan (Hagers- 
town) $2; S. S. : Children of Brownsville, 
$56.23; 2 Junior Classes, Pleasant View, $14, 72.23 

W. Dist., S. S.: Liao Chou Workers, 
Cherry Grove, 23.56 

Michigan— $65.82 

S. S.: Juniors of Homestead, $10.82; Chil- 
dren of Sugar Ridge, $20; Shepherd, $35, .. 65.82 
Minnesota— $14.49 

S. S. : Elementary Dept. Monticello, 14.49 

Missouri — $104.04 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Primary Class, Adrian, 
$28.13; Children of So. Warrensburg, $20 36, 48.49 

No. Dist., S. S. : Children of No. Bethel, 22.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Broadwater, 33.55 

Nebraska— $21.44 

Cong.: Dorothy Albrecht (Afton) $5; Bur- 
ton & David Corder (Afton) $1.65; S. S. : 
Boys and Girls Classes (Lincoln) $7.79; Bea- 
trice, $7, 21.44 

North Dakota— 34.00 

S. S. : Junior Class, Brumbaugh, 34.00 

Ohio— $421.54 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Class, Baltic, 
$6; Children of Canton Center, $61; Primary 
Class Freeburg, $54.50; 1st Junior Class 
Freeburg, ^,33; 2nd Junior Class Freeburg, 
$48.50; Freeburg, $10; Children of Ashland 
Dickey, $18.85, " 231.85 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Classes 3 and 4 Por- 
tage, $8.50; Children of Ross, $38.38; Primary 
& Junior Dept. Greenspring, $11:30; Begin- 
ners, Primaries & Juniors, No. Poplar Ridge, 
$30.81; Logan, $20, 108.99 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior Class, Gratis 
(Upper Twin) $11.56; Children of Beech 
Grove, $54.83; Junior League: Union City, 
$10.81; Verna Mae Miller (Pitsburg) $2.50; 

Ruth Lutz (Pitsburg) $1, 80.70 

Oregon— $5.48 

Cong.: Virginia & Esther Smith (Myrtle 

Point), 5.48 

Pennsylvania, — $477.47 

E. Dist., Cong.: Springville, $37.60; S. S. : 
Comrade Workers Class, Lancaster, $78; 
Harmony ville, $24.25; Shamokin, $10, 149.85 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Run, $138.57; 
" Buds of Promise " Curryville (Woodbury) 
$10.05, 148.62 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, $26; Junior 
League; Norristown, $5, 31.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Melrose (Upper Codorus) 
$42; Juniors & Young People of Chestnut 
Grove (Codorus) $45, 87.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Children of Rummel, $17.50; 

Children of Middle Creek, $43.50, 61.00 

Tennessee — $15.29 

S. S.: Children of Meadow Branch, 15.29 

Virginia— $203.39 

First Dist., S. S. : Junior Class, Bethesda 
(Cloverdale), 11.57 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Pleasant 
View, 40.10 Dist., S. S. : Intermediates, Summit, 
$25.64; Juniors, Summit, $37.30; Primaries, 
Summit, $22.55; Barren Ridge, $3.38; " Bright 
Jewel " Class, Barren Ridge, $19.50; " Daugh- 
ters of Ruth," Barren Ridge, $15; " Cheerful 
Workers " Class, Barren Ridge, $1.75; " Busy 
Bee " Class, Barren Ridge, $3.50; " Begin- 
ners " Class, Barren Ridge, $2.10; Teacher 
Training Class, Barren Ridge, $16; Mrs. C. 

W. Zimmerman's Class, Moscow, $5, 151.72 

Washington— $149.68 

S. S.: Wenatchee Valley, $61.61; Children 

of Outlook, $88.07, , 149.68 

Wisconsin— $51 .65 

S. S.: White Rapids, 51.65 

Total for the month, $3,222.40 

Total previously reported, 968.53 

Total for the year, $4,190.93 

Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $5; Clara E. 

Myers (Chelsea) $5, $ 10.00 

Iowa— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 93610 (Dallas Cen- 
ter), 20.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana — $3.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cleveland Union Church, 8.50 

Maryland— $10.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. F. Clark & Family 

(Washington City) 10.00 

Montana— $9.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Florendale, 9.50 

Oregon— $3.85 

S. S. : Primary Class, Newberg, 3.85 

Pennsylvania— $10.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Har-risburg, 10.50 

Virginia— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill 5.00 

Washington— $15.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane), 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 92.35 

Total previously reported, 4,110.90 

Total for the year, $4,203.25 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, $ 10.00 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant View, .. 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $70.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Glade Run, 70.00 

Total for the month, $ 105.00 

Total previously reported, 615.42 

Total for the year, $ 720.42 

Illinois— $7.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Woodland, $ 7.00 

Indiana — $35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Good Samaritan" Class 

(Plymouth), 35.00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk, 5.00 

Kansas— $35.00 
' S. W. Dist.. S. S. : "Comrades" Class 

(Larned Rural) $10; Bloom, $25 35.00 

Michigan— $.05 

Cong.: Beaverton, .05 

Ohio— $50.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Buds of Hops" Girls' 

Missionary Club (Cincinnati), 50.00 

Pennsylvania — $88.25 

E. Dist., S. S. : " Character Builders" Class 
(Midway) $12; C. W. S. : Indian Creek, $50; 

Aid Soc: W. Green Tree, $26.25, 88.25 

Virginia— $40.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant Valley, 35.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 5.0) 

West Virginia— $7.50 

First Dist., S. S. : White Pine, 7.50 

Total for the month, $ 267.80 

Total previously reported, 1,240.38 

Total for the year, $1,508.18 

California— 100.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Empire, $ 50.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hemet, 50.00 

Illinois— $6.25 

So. Dist., S. S. : " The Signal Light " Class, 

Astoria, 6.25 

Indiana— $120.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls' Class (Pipe 
Creek) 20.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Solomons Creek, $50; S. 
S. : " Anchor Class " No. Winona Lake, $50, 100.00 
Maryland— $175.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Pipe Creek, $50; Philathea 
Class, Washington City, $25; "The Willing 
Workers " Class, Woodberry (Bait.) $50; 
Men's Adult Bible Class, Pipe Creek, $25; 
Berean Bible Class, Blue Ridge College, Pipe 

Creek, $25, 175.00 

North Dakota— $12.50 

S. S.: "Beacon Lights" Class, Minot, 12.50 

Ohio— $37.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class, 
Springfield, 12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "The Lily Band" Pleas- 
ant Hill, 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $199.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Bible 
Class, Beachdale (Berlin) $25; Junior Boys 
& Girls Classes, Maple Spring (Quemahon- 
ing) $24; " Sunshine Class " Maple Spring 
(Ouemahoning) $50; Men's Loyal Bible Class, 

Rummel, $100, 199.00 

Virginia— $30.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, 
Mill Creek, 25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill 5.00 

Texas — $25.00 

S. S. : Manvel, 25. (X) 

Virginia— $12.50 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Oak Grove (Lebanon), 12.50 

Total for the month, $ 717.75 

Total previously reported, 2,595.08 

Total for the year, ,$3,312.83 

Pennsylvania— $4.75 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior & Primary 

Classes (Clover Creek), $ 3.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Glade Run 1.75 

Total for the month, $ 4.75 

Total previously reported 1,223.99 

Total for the year, $1,228.74 

Pennsylvania — $30.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaner's Class," Eph- 
rata, $ 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 30.00 

Total previously reported, 62.00 

Total for the year, $ 92.00 

Iowa— $88.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $ 88.00 

Total for the month $ 88.00 

Total previously reported, 90.23 

Total for the year, $ 178.23 

California — $11.08 

No. Dist., Cong.: Oakland $ 9.83 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Catherine Talbot, 1.25 

Idaho— $1.50 

Indv.: Elba H. West, 1.50 

Illinois— $10.63 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 94585 (Franklin 

Grove), 10.63 

Indiana— $4.17 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Mrs. Fred Hummel 
(Sugar Creek) 1.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown 3.17 

Kansas— $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Galesburg 5.00 

Iowa— $470.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 93510 (Dallas Cen- 
ter), 20.00 

No. Dist., Sunday Schools, 450.00 

Maryland— $79.87 

E. Dist., Cong.: Washington City, $69.87; 
E. F. Clark & Family (Washington City) 

$10, 79.87 

Ohio— $77.44 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Baltic 8.44 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Two Primary Classes, 

Eagle Creek 69.00 

Pennsylvania— $71.71 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lancaster, $41.71; Brethren 
Home (W. Conestoga) $11; C. W. S. : In- 


The Missionary Visitor 


dian Creek, $10, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harmonyville, 

Virginia — $33.00 
Sec. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, 
So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, . 



Total for the month, $ 764.40 

Total previously reported, 3,521.39 

Total for the year, $4,285.79 

Missouri— $23.39 

No. Dist. 
Washington— $48.56 

S. S.: Seattle, . 

S.: Wakenda, $ 23.39 


Total for the month, — 
Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 471.13 

North Dakota— $25.00 
S. S.: Kenmare, $ 25.00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 96.25 

California— $12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Friendship Bible Class" 

(Pasadena), $ 12.50 

Florida— $25.00 

C. W. S.: Sebring, 25.00 

Illinois— $81.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "The Signal Light" Class 

(Astoria) $6.25; Woodland, $75, 81.25 

Indiana— $38.76 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys' Class (Pipe 

Creek), 38.76 

Kansas— $25.00 

S. W. Dist., Indv.: W. H. Beaver, 25.00 

Maryland— $100.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "The Willing Workers" 
Class (Woodberry-Balt.) $50; Aid Soc: 

Westminster (Meadow Branch) $50, 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Fairview 75.00 

Virginia— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $1,669.66 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Hooversville, $ 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 25.00 

Total previously reported, 60.05 

Total for the year, $ 85.05 

Maryland— $10.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Frederick City $ 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 144.50 

Total for the year, $ 154.50 

Illinois— $50.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $3.45; 
Lanark, $15; Shannon, $4; Aid Soc: Hickory 

Grove, $28.30, $ 50.75 

Indiana— $113.44 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Rev. A. G. Crosswhite 
(Peru) $10; Mrs. Fred Hummel (Sugar 
Creek) $1, 11.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Buchanan, $7.09; Yellow 
Creek, $78; A Sister (Cedar Lake) $5; S. 
S.: Primary Classes (Pleasant Valley) $4.60; 

Mrs. H. A. Clabaugh's Classes (Middlebury) 

$7.75, 102.44 

Iowa— $52.09 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 93610 (Dallas Cen- 
ter), 20.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rebecca Heagley (Shel- 
don) $10; S. S.: Home Dept. (Greene) $2, 12.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ottumwa, $8.15; S. S.: 

Ottumwa, $11.94, 20.09 

Kansas— $18.75 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Kenner (Wal- 
nut Valley) 3.25 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Salem Community 

Church, 15.50 

Maryland— $62.41 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. F. Clark & Family 
(Washington City) $10; S. S. : Bethany, $2.41, 12.41 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Viola Snively Groh, .... 50.00 
North Dakota— $5.50 

S. S.: Primary Class, Minot, 5.50 

Ohio— $37.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: S. & S. Harshman 
(Wooster) 15.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: E. H. Rosenberger & 
Wife (Desher), 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sara Bigler (Oakland) $2; 

Aid Soc: New Carlisle, $15, 17.00 

Oregon— $15.00 

S. S.: Grants Pass, 15.00 

Pennsylvania— $70.62 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, $60.62; C. 

W. S.: Indian Creek, $10, 70.62 

Tennessee — $1 4)0 

Cong.: J. M. Gaby (Mountain Valley), 1.00 

Virginia— $32.35 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Sunshine" Class, Mill 
Creek, 17.35 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elsie V. Crickenberger 

(Staunton), 15.00 

Washin gton— $1 5.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane), 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 473.91 

Total previously reported, 7,145.12 

Total for the year, $7,619.03 

Mary land— $35 .00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "The Willing Workers" 
Class (Woodberry-Balt.) $10; "The Early 
Bible Class" (Woodberry-Balt.) $25, $ 35.00 

Total for the month, $ 35.00 

Total previously reported, 283.75 

Total for the year, $ 318.75 

Virginia— $26.50 

No. Dist., S. S. : Junior Boys' and Girls' 
Class (Luray), $ 26.50 

Total for the month, $ 26.50 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 


California— $55.85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $49.85; Indv.: 

S. W. Funk, $6, ^ 

Idaho— $7.25 

Cong.: Nezperce, 

Illinois— $91.56 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shannon, $23.60; Mil- 
ledgeville, $2.50; Lanark, $1; Waddams 
Grove, $14; Students & Faculty of Mt. 
Morris College, $17, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Liberty, $2.20; Kashaskia, 

$3.50; S. S.: Astoria, $27.76, 

Indiana— $118.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $30.17; S. 
S.: Markle, $7.93, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Lake, $8; Ply- 
mouth, $41.15; A Sister (Cedar Lake) $5, .. 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $15: Lina N. 






The Missionary Visitor 


Stoner (Ladoga) $1.50; Aid Soc: Four Mile, 

$10, 26.50 

Iowa $4.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Council Bluffs, 4.50 

Kansas— $22.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sabetha, 22.50 

Maryland— $68.89 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave. Bait., $5; 
Monocacy, $7.89; Virginia Fifer (Bethany) 
$5.50; Mrs. Chas. Fifer (Bethany) $10, .... 28.39 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Broadfording, 25.50 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, 15.00 

Michigan— $10.88 

Cong.: Grand Rapids, $8.88; Indv.: Mrs. 

Amanda Sielske, $2, 10.88 

Minnesota — $16.12 

Cong.: Bethel, $3.62; S. S.: Union (Nemadji) 

$12.50, 16.12 

Missouri— $17.65 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: M. S. Mohler (Mineral 
Creek) $5; S. S.: Kansas City, $4.60; Aid 

Soc: Mineral Creek, $8.05, 17.65 


S. S.: Alvo, 6.00 

North Dakota— $14.58 

Cong.: Ellison, $11.07; S. S. : Cando, $3.51, 14.58 
Ohio— $11.40 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Goshen, $5.40; Mrs. 
N. A. Schrock (Baltic) $5; Clara Woods 

(Black River) $1, 11.40 

Oregon— $21.00 

Cong. & S. S.: Mabel, 21.00 

Pennsylvania— $1,265.58 

E. Dist., Cong.: Peach Blossom, $46.29; 
Palmyra, $200.42; Annville, $105; Spring 
Creek, $57.74; Elizabethtown, $72.26; Cones- 
toga, $98.36; Mountville, $104.41; Indian Creek, 
$158; Springville, $54; Richland, $21.96; Sis- 
ter E. M. Grosh, (West Green Tree) $25; 
S. S. : Eliza Bashore's Class (Spring Creek) 
$5; Velma Harpine's Class (Spring Creek) 
$.21; Esther Seibert's Class (Spring Creek) 
$.28; Lansdale (Hatfield) $30; Young Wom- 
en's Bible Class (Richland) $9; Chiques, 
$18.50; Mohrsville (Maiden Creek) $100; Sal- 
unga (E. Petersburg) $5; Aid Soc: Eliza- 
bethtown) $40, 1,151.43 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Class 
(Woodbury) $2.96; Women's Class (Wood- 
bury) $2.40, 5.36 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Lillie M. Lenherr, .90 

W. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove, $74.90; 
Hooversville, $5.15; Arthur Wolford (Lig- 
onier) $2; S. S.: Maple Grove (Johnstown) 
$18.38; A Community offering from Penn 

Run, $7.56, 107.99 

Virginia— $50.60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. E. S. Hooker (Nokes- 
ville) 10.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Teacher Training Class 
(Roanoke, N. W.), 33.15 

Sec Dist., Cong.: Elk Run, 7.45 

Total for the month $1783.21 

Total previously reported, 852.57 

Total for the year, $2,635.78 

Idaho— $11.84 

Cong.: Clearwater, $ 11.84 

Maryland— $30.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Longmeadow (Beaver 

Creek), 30.00 

Ohio— $3.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Louisa Burkhart 

(Tuscarawas) 3.00 

Virginia— $23.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Salem, 20.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, 3.75 

Total for the month, $ 68.59 

Total previously reported, 72.52 

Total for the year, $ 141.11 

Pennsylvania — $3.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Raymond L. Morris 
(Juniata Park), $ 1.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. M. B. Dittmar 
(Carlisle) 2.00 

Total for the month, $ 3.00 

Total previously reported, 28.00 

Total for the year $ 31.00 


No. Dist., Cong.: Modesto, $13.36; S. S. : 

Paterson, $13.55, $ 26.91 

Illinois— $193.62 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 193.62 

Indiana— $816.98 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, $112.77; 
Bachelors Run, $41.12; S. S. : "Beacon 
Light" Class (Bechelors Run) $50; Bache- 
lors Run, $4.78, 208.67 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, $37.32; Au- 
burn, $4.55; Ft. Wayne, $54; Turkey Creek, 

$12.44; Goshen City, $500, 608.31 

Iowa— $264.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines Valley, .. 54.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, 210.00 

Maryland— $105.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: New Windsor (Pipe 
Creek), 80.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Katharine M. Hart- 

rauft (Broadfording), 25.00 

Missouri— $15.78 

No. Dist., Cong.: Shelby Co., 15.78 

Ohio— $424.65 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ross, $5.34; E. Chip- 
pewa, $3, 8.34 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, $404.31; 

Beaver Creek, $12 416.31 

Pennsylvania — $395.34 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lititz, $216.02; Myerstown, 
$15.32 231.34 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 75.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Waynesboro, $14; Waynes- 
boro, $75, 89.00 

Virginia— $384.15 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $50.65; Uni- 
ty, $23.50; Rileyville (Mt. Zion) $47.56; S. 
S.: Rileyville (Mt. Zion) $7.44, 129.15 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 10.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, 245.00 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Tacoma, 10.00 

Total for the month, $2,636.43 

Total previously reported, 50,397.74 

Total for the year, $ 53,034.17 

Illinois— $4.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanark, $ 4.50 

Pennsylvania— $25.C0 
E. Dist., S. S.: Springville, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 29.50 

Total previously reported, 180.96 

Total for the year, $ 210.46 

Indiana— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : John Stauffer (Man- 
chester), $ 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $120.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: C. P. Buckwalter 
(Parkerford), 20.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Jacob E. Trimmer (Car- 
lisle), 100.00 

Total for the month $ 220.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 220.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $900.59 

No. Dist., Lindsay Cong, for Dr. Ida Metz- 
ger, $ 280.00 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for E. D. Vani- 
man & Wife and L. A. Blickenstafr & 
Wife, $370.59; I Brenaman & Wife (La 

Verne) for John I. Kaylor, $250, 620.59 

Colorado— $53.75 

E. Dist., Denver Cong, for Anna N. 
Crumpacker, $40; Antioch Cong, for Anna N. 

Crumpacker, $13.75, -53.75 

Illinois— $464.94 

No. Dist., Franklin Grove Cong. for 
Bertha Butterbaugh, $287.50; Elgin Cong, for 
Mrs. D. L. Horning, $25, 312.50 

So. Dist., Brick (Oakley) Cong, for Ida 
Buckingham, $27.44; Girard S. S. for Dr. 

Laura Cottrell, $125, 152.44 

Iowa— $475.00 

Mid. Dist., Panther Creek S. S. for Olivia 

D. Ikenberry, 125.00 

No. Dist., Waterloo City Cong. (So. 

Waterloo) $250; Waterloo City S. S. (So. 

Waterloo) $100 for Mary Shull, 350.00 

Kansas— $73.55 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. $8; Osage Cong. 
$25; Osage S. S. $10; Francis McElwain 
(Osage) $5; E. E. McElwain & Wife (Osage) 
$15; Parsons Cong. $9.55, for Emma H. Eby; 
A Sister (Independence) $1 for F. H. Crum- 
packer, 73.55 

Michigan— $218.98 

Phoebe M. Oaks (Woodland) for Ethel A. 
Roop Budget, $75; Primary Classes for Har- 
old Bowman, $57.98; S. S.'s for Pearl Bow- 
man, $86, 218.98 

Maryland— $500.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.'s for B. F. Summer and 
H. P. Garner, 500.00 

Nebraska— $30.73 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory, 30.73 

Ohio— $622.80 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 58.07 

N. W. Dist., Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 
Helser, $77.95; S. S.'s for Hattie Z. Alley, 
$236.78, 314.73 

So. Dist., Bear Creek S. S. for Anne 

E. Lichty, 250.00 

Pennsylvania — $771.00 

Mid. Dist., Everett Cong, for Dr. Carl F. 
Cofrman, $90; Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $21, 111.00 

So. Dist., Missionary Soc. Waynesboro for 
Lizzie N. Flory, 150.00 

W. Dist., Johnstown S. S. for Samuel B. 
Bowman, $50; Pittsburgh S. S. for Marie 
W. Brubaker, $60; Young People's Council 

for Mrs. H. L. Burke, $400, 510.00 

Tennessee— $120.85 

Congs. for Anna B. Seese, 120.85 

Virginian— $371.26 

E. Dist., Fairfax Cong, for M. M. Myers, 200.00 

No. Dist., Greenmount Cong, for Dr. F. 
J. Wampler, 20.00 

Sec. Dist., Middle River Aid Soc, $40; 
Middle River Cong, $5 for B. M. Flory; 
Barren Ridge for Nora Flory, $25; Elk Run 
Cong, for Sara Z. Myers, $31.26; Middle 

River Aid Soc. for Wendell Flory, $50, 151.26 

West Virginia—$360.04 

First Dist., Eglon, for Anna B. Mow, . . 360.04 

Total for the month '. $4,963.49 

Total previously reported, 33,969.68 

Total for the year, $38,933.17 


(Continued from Page 87) 

on shelves, the greatest god sitting at the top and 
the next greatest on the next shelf, and so on. It 
was quite interesting, but we never had a chance 
to watch them worship. I would like for some 

with iron bars in it, and the people worshiped from 
the porch outside. Here were a lot of gods arranged 
girls my age to write to me. I would reply to 
their letters if they would. Madeleine Long. 

Anklesvar, Dist. Broach, India. 

I feel sure you are going to get a peck of letters 
from America, for a lot of the Juniors will want to 
ask you questions first-hand. Your letter was 
written very neatly. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have been in your pleasant 
circle once, will you let me in again? We live 
about thirty miles from the ocean. We don't get 
to see it very often though. I have been to see it 
twice. I have seen the ocean in California. We 
have had a rainy winter this year. If you want 
to see a blur of galoshes and raincoats you know 
where to come. We have an enrollment of sixty - 
seven in our Sunday-School. There are not many 
girls of my size here though. I have one sister. 
She is fifteen and in high school. We play to- 
gether quite a bit. I wish some of the boys and 
girls would write to me. I would gladly answer. 

Myrtle Point, Ore. Esther Smith. 

Have you ever waded in the ocean? Did you 
see any shells on the Pacific beaches? I found 
some interesting bits on the Atlantic beach last 
summer, and was fascinated by the rolling in of 
the breakers. 

Find the First Names of Our Africa Missionaries 

1. Send for the doctor; O, how ill I am! 

2. She had as guest her uncle John. 

3. He cannot hear like he used to. 

4. Come here, Hazel; lay down your book. 

5. Some people call my papa Ulysses. 

6. Sam raked up the clover day after day. 

7. The tourists at Mt. Hecla ran for their lives. 

8. Rev. McLaren certified to his honesty. 

9. If Lucifer means " light-bringing," " Luci-Lex- 
icon " would mean a dictionary of light. 

10. That wild animal is a jackal, Bertha. 

11. She stopped long enough to say "hello!" last 

12. There was a rich brown crust over the pie. 

13. If Loy does not come soon, I'll phone. 

14. Did Dan sail for Beirut? have you heard from 

15. When I go home Robert will take me in his car. 

16. She was born at Weimar; G. U. Eri tended her 
when a baby. 

17. This vegetable has a raw taste. 

Some Missionary Vegetables 

1. U sprint. 5. Son in O. 

2. E spat too. 6. Nab a smile. 

3. Star or C. 7. Crumbs cue. 

4. Most eat O. 8. Shears, Di. 

(Answers next month) 


Decapitations.— 1. Nail— ail. 2. Iago— ago. 3. Grime 
— rime. 4. Ebony — bony. 5. Rash— ash. 6. Islam — 
slam. 7. Alice— lice. The decapitated letters in order 
spell " Nigeria." 

Hidden Missionaries. — 1. Beahm. 2. Gibbel. 3. Har- 
per. 4. Heckman. 5. Helser. 6. Kulp. 7. Mallott. 
8. Shisler. 9. Burke. 

Now turn back to page 68, and read Sec- 
retary Bonsack's message to the children, 
if you have not already done so. It is fresh 
from the field where you sent your gifts! 






Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Gravbill. Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker. Elizabeth, 1922 
Brubaker, Leland S., 1924 
Brubaker, Marie Woody, 1924 
Cline. Mary E., 1920 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Hollenberg, Ada D., 1922 
Hollenberg, John, 1926 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D., 1919 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
e, Norman A., 1917 
se, Anna, 1917 
Schaeffer. Mary, 1917 
Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 
Vaniman. Ernest D., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
Coffman, Lulu Ullom, 1919 
Flory, Raymond, 1914 
• Flory, Lizzie N., 1914 
Horning, Emma, 1903 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W., 1916 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisey, Walter J., 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 
Shansi, China 

Ikenberry, E. L., 1922 
Ikenberry, Olivia D., 1922 
Peking, China, Yen Ching, 
School of Chinese Studies, 5 
Tung Ssu, Tao Tiao 
Ulrey, Ruth F., 1926 

On Furlough 

Bowman, Samuel B., 708 S. 
Central Park Ave., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Bright, J. Homer, 1208 No. 
Wayne St., No. Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Crumpacker, F. H., Elgin, 

111.. 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 
Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 
Md., 1911 

Myers, Minor M., Bridge- 
water, Va., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
Sollenberger, O. C, Tippe- 
canoe City, O., care of 
J. W. Coppock, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel C, 1919 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 
Westminster, Md., R. 4, 
Bx. 92, 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 


Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, 
via Jos & Numan 

Beahm, William M., 1924 
Beahm, Esther E., 1924 
Flohr, Earl W., 1926 
Flohr, Ella, 1926 
Gibbel, Dr. J. Paul. 1926 
Gibbel, Verda H., 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Heckman, Clarence C, 1924 
Heckman. Lucile G., 1924 
Helser, Albert D., 1922 
Helser, Lola B., 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Shisler, Sara, 1926 

On Furlough 

Burke, Dr. Homer L.. 509 

So. Honore St., Chicago, 

111., 1923 
Burke, Marguerite S., 1923 
Mallott, Ruth B., R. F. D., 

Greenville, Ohio, % I. G. 

Blocher, 1924 


Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Garner, H. P., 1916 
Garner, Kathrvn B.. 1916 
Shull, Chalmer, 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Long, I. S., 1903 
Long, Effie V., 1903 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Moomaw, I. W., 1923 
Moomaw, Mabel W., 1923 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, Mary B., 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., 1913 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H., 1919 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 

Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae. 1922 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Mow, Baxter M., 1923 
Mow, Anna Beahm, 1923 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Hollenberg. Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Lichty, Anna Eby, 1912 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Summer, Nettie B., 1919 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 

Blough, T. M.. 1903 
Blough. Anna Z., 1903 
Brooks, Harlan J., 1924 
Brooks, Ruth F., 1924 
Mow, Anetta, 1917 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, Verna M.. Cer- 
ro Gordo, 111., 1919 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., Hart- 
ville. O., 1919 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 
3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago. 111., 1919 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 

Ebey, Adam, N. Manches- 
ter, Ind., % College, 1900 

Ebey, Alice K., 1900 

Forney, D. L., LaVerne, 
Calif., 1897 

Forney, Anna M., 1897 

Miller, Arthur S. B., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago. 
111., 1919 

Miller, Jennie B.. 1919 

Replogle, Sara, New Enter- 
prise, Pa., 1919 


Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bolinger, Amsey, 1922 
Bolinger, Florence, 1922 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction s| 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 4 

The Law of Mortality 

The Law of Gravity is one of nature's certain laws. The Law 
of Mortality is just as certain — it is nature's way of taking out of 
the world, in the : way of human life, what she puts in it. 

Two hundred years ago it was discovered that approximately a 
certain number in every thousand die every year at the different ages. 
In these many years since, careful records have been kept of the 
various ages at which deaths occur. Thus has evolved the " Ameri- 
can Experience Table of Mortality." It is certainly no gamble as a 
basis of calculation for business purposes. Even such periods of 
pestilence as the 1918 " flu " epidemic or of war, upset the " table " 
only temporarily. 

The scale of annuity rates adopted by the Conference of the 
Church of the Brethren in 1923 is based on the Law of Mortality, 
or the principle of life expectancy. All boards and institutions of 
the church are in honor bound to each other to pay not exceeding 
these maximum rates, according to age. 

Increasing numbers each year are investing in the annuity bonds 
of various boards and schools of the church. The General Mission 
Board is gratified at the increase in its business along this line — 
$10,000 each from two Brethren just recently. 

Have you yet received our literature on 
the annuity plan? Ask for Booklet V237. 

(Ier\eral Mission. Board 



Elgin.. Illinois 



Church of the 'Brethren 

**«.w ii*^ 

Vol. XXIX 

April, 1927 

No. 4 


Keeping Our Purposes M. Guy West 

Today's Missionary to China - Anna Hutchison 

Today's Missionary to India - - - A. S. B. Miller 

Why Women Missionaries in Nigeria - Ruth Blocher Mallott 

Why I Came to Africa - William Beahm 
Volunteers Who Sailed in 1 926 

Thoughts - - - - - - Hazel Minnich 

Being a Missionary's Daughter - Lois Ebey 

Organizing the Women's Work - - Mrs. M. J. Weaver 
The Gospel Carried to Liao Chou 







OTHO WINGER, President, North Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, Waterloo, 
Iowa, 1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1927. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. 1, 1930. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1931. 


CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary. 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

The date indicates the year when Board Members' terms expire. 
All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more to the 
General Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
four dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give four dollars or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be 
aoterested in reading the. Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIPTIONS ARE ENTERED UNLESS 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, 
no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be 
sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Friends of Many Firesides 

A New Illustrated Lecture for Children 

The purpose of this lecture is to build good will in the hearts of our children 
for all children of the world. It will aid in establishing strong missionary founda- 
tions. It is intended to encourage the Junior League work. 

The set contains 54 slides. The lecture begins with a worship program in- 
cluding Scripture reading, prayer and the song, " I Think When I Read that Sweet 
Story of Old." All of these items are well illustrated. Then the children go on a 
journey around the world and learn the fine traits of other children. Upon returning 
from their journey they are introduced to the work of the Junior League in various 
parts of our brotherhood. A written lecture accompanies the set. 

The rental is $2, and return transportation. If a missionary offering is taken 
and return transportation is paid there is no renau fee. Order as far in advance as 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIX 

APRIL, 1927 

No. 4 






Today's Missionary to China, By Anna M. Hutchison, 100 

Today's Missionary to India, By A. S. B. Miller, 101 

Why Women Missionaries in Nigeria, Bv Ruth Blocher Mallott 103 

Why I Came to Africa, Bv \Y. M. Beahm, 106 

Volunteers Who Sailed in 1926, 107 

Thoughts, By Hazel M. Minnich . 108 

Being a Missionary's Daughter, By Lois Ebey, 109 

India Notes for January, By Anna E. Lichty and Kathryn Garner, Ill 

China Notes, By Marie Brubaker, 112 


Missionary News, 113 

Correspondence, 114 

Book Reviews, 114 

A Call to Volunteers (Poem), By Mrs. J. W. Lear; 116 


Organizing the Women's Work, By Mrs. M. J. Weaver 117 


The Gospel Carried to Liao Chou, 119 

By the Evening Lamp, 120 

Things Every Boy Should Know 121 



The Visitor editor is greatly indebted to Miss 
Susan L. Stoner, vice president and educational 
secretary of the United Student Volunteers, for her 
earnest labors and valuable collaboration in the 
preparation of this special Student Volunteer issue 
of the Visitor. For a number of years the April 
issue has been dedicated to the Student Volunteers. 
Past issues will give splendid historical material 
on the Student Volunteer Movement in our church. 

Appreciation is hereby expressed to others who 
have so kindly made their contributions. Visitor 
readers will find this issue stored with rich material. 

Keeping Our Purpose. Some people think 
that Jesus was rather exacting on the young 
fellow about whom he spoke these words : 
"Take therefore the talent from him and 
give it unto him which hath ten talents. For 

unto every one that hath shall be given, and 
he shall have abundance : but from him that 
hath not shall be taken away even that which 
he hath." Whether it is harsh and exacting 
or not, this is a law of the universe and it 
operates all around us in every phase of life 

This man had one talent. He refused to 
use it and it was taken away. Every phase of 
modern life testifies that this law is in oper- 

A man has a strong right arm. If he uses 
it his arm remains strong and increases in 


The Missionary Visitor 



A. W. 

ROSS, Missionary to India, 


North Manchester, May 31, 



A. WAMPLER, Missionary 

to China, 1918. Rocky Ford, Colo., 


6, 1926. 


College. Glendora, Calif., July 21, 


strength. But let him carry that arm in a 
sling for twelve months (as the man did 
his one talent), and the strength which he 
formerly had is taken away. Bind up your 
eyes for a certain length of time and your 
vision is gone. This law will hold true in any 
phase of life — financial, moral, mental, physi- 
cal—anywhere : USE AND INCREASE or 

The greatest problem that we Volunteers 
face is that of keeping our interest keen and 
our purpose strong. When we signed the 
card there was a flame glowing within our 
hearts. We purposed to turn our backs on 
selfish interests and follow the Master 
wherever he led. But how many old Volun- 
teers have lost that glow and have even given 
up their purpose ! 

It's the same old law at work: Interest 
and purpose taken away and given to some 
one who used what he had. Folks, there is 
only one way to maintain our ardor through 
the years. The man who invests what inter- 
est he has — studies missions, prays for mis- 
sions, gives to missions, and serves in what- 
ever way he can — that man's interest is sure 
to increase. But from him who fails to use, 
even that which he has is taken away. 

God help us Volunteers to keep our inter- 
est keen and our purposes constant by fidel- 
ity in the investment of our interest in the 
Master's work. 

M. Guy West, President, 
United Student Volunteers. 

Being Ambassadors. The office of ambas- 
sadorship is one of great trust and respon- 
sibility. The ambassador, or envoy, is given 
the authority to represent his country in 

that of another nation. He interprets the 
policy of his country when certain issues 
arise. Through its ambassador one country 
makes itself known to another country. 

Paul says in 2 Cor. 5 : 20 : " We are am- 
bassadors therefore on behalf of Christ, as 
though God were entreating by us," our 
message being this : " We beseech you in 
behalf of Christ, be ye reconciled to God." 
Think of the great trust placed in our hands. 
We, who know Christ and his salvation, are 
to bear that message to those who know 
him not. In that sense we are mediators. 

Think of the vast resources of the " king- 
dom " that we represent! Think of the 
wealth of love and grace that our King 
wants to bestow upon lost men, just as fully 
and rapidly as we, his ambassadors, through 
whom he works, will carry this " good news " 
to needy men. 

God is counting on our faithfulness in the 
high office to which he has called us. He is 
offering through us a treaty of peace that 
passeth all understanding, as it is a " peace 
not as the world giveth." The world is hun- 
gry for this soul-satisfying peace. Dare we 
fail to represent our King and withhold 
that which he so freely offers to all who will 
accept ? The charge rests upon us. Will we 
prove true and faithful? 

Susan L. Stoner, Vice-President. 

The Cross as a Challenge. " If the Cross 
is not a challenge to sacrifice, then there is 
none," remarked a great spiritual leader re- 
cently. We need not look for a greater chal- 
lenge than Christ himself. The love that 
was manifested in his life of ministry and 
service is climaxed in his death on the cross. 

That ignominious, cruel death, the cruci- 
fixion upon the cross, is raised to the most 
glorious height when its significance is re- 
alized. Factually, Christ was lifted up on 
the cross but once, and that time by his 
enemies ; yet spiritually, he is ever to be lift- 
ed up by his friends, that others afar off 
may look unto him and be saved. Christ 
has that invincible power of drawing all men 
unto himself — when once he is manifested 
before them. 

" The love of Christ constraineth me," says 
Paul. In him we see matchless beauty, per- 
fect goodness, and complete truth — the very 
Deity himself — our Savior. It is this Christ 


The Missionary Visitor 


of Love for whom the world is longing. As 
Christ's followers we have the unique privi- 
lege and responsibility of presenting Christ 
to the world by various means — our words, 
deeds and very attitudes. Can the world see 
Christ in you ? In me ? 

Another significance of the cross is this : 
Christ's supreme sacrifice, giving his life that 
others might live, is ever a challenge to us. 
He bids us to take up our crosses and fol- 
low him. There are many interpretations as 

to the meaning of one's cross. This seems 
to vary with different individuals. The cross 
to Christ was literally and spiritually a heavy 
load. May it not be that our cross should 
be the burden of concern for the spiritual 
welfare of lost souls, and the work of Christ's 
kingdom? Cost what it may, let us take 
Christ seriously and make a complete sacri- 
fice of our lives for the extension of his 

Susan L. Stoner, Vice-President. 

^hjd aioii. -it Be? 


The Missionary Visitor 


Today's Missionary to China 

Missionary to China 

THE conditions that obtain on the 
mission fields of today, especially of 
India and China, call for a readjust- 
ment of the missionary to those conditions. 

There is no call for a change in the mes- 
sage of the missionary. Our dear sainted 
Bro. Williams stressed a true statement : 
" The one message of the missionary to the 
heathen world is the message of the Christ." 
He is the same yesterday, today and forever, 
and that message 
will never change as 
long as there are 
lost souls to save. 

The mission field 
will ever need men 
and women intellec- 
tually well trained, 
whose broader, com- 
prehensive knowl- 
edge gives true per- 
spective, keener in- 
sight and enlarged 

But the change 
called for is in the 
method of presenta- 
tion of the message, 
and in particular, in 
the manner of ap- 
proach. There is al- 
so a need of read- 
justment to the 
changing program within the church, in or- 
der to fit into present conditions. In times 
past the missionary did the work and had 
control. Then later he carried on the work 
with Chinese assistance. Now we are enter- 
ing the period in its various stages, when the 
Chinese church is taking control. They have 
passed the stage of being cradled or carried, 
and now desire to walk for themselves, which 
desire is to be welcomed, for it indicates 
growth. The foreigner or missionary in Chi- 
na, who once was looked upon as a superior, 
is now considered more as an equal. The 
right kind are not only welcome, but appre- 
ciated. In this transitional period of change 
from the foreign mission to the indigenous 
Chinese church, a wise missionary "fills a 
great need. 


The conditions thai obtain 


China today are challenging 


missionary and all Christians 




put it in the language of a Chinese, 

*' China needs more Jesusism." 
A certain Chinese said to a 


tain missionary fvhen asked if 


knew Jesus, " My neighbor 


Jesus and I am learning about him. 1 * 

They are not saying they no longer want 
the help of the missionary in their midst, 
but there is a tendency to designate the 
kind of missionary wanted. In and out of 
the church there is a growing spirit of pa- 
triotism and nationalism which is nation- 

This spirit of nationalism is the outgrowth 
of the New Thought movement that is tak- 
ing place among the thinking class of the 
Chinese today. They 
are recognizing their 
own inherent values 
of civilization and 
culture. They are no 
longer clamoring for 
Western education 
and customs in 
wholesale lots. Nei- 
ther are they reject- 
ing these nor Chris- 
tianity, but are in- 
vestigating, with the 
purpose of retaining 
only what they con- 
sider practical and 
that which will con- 
tribute to their wel- 
fare and progress. 
Thus many of them 
are reading the Bi- 
ble and investigating 
Christianity. They 
are almost universally in sympathy with 
Christ and his teachings and are looking to 
the church — to the missionaries and to pro- 
fessing Christians — perhaps as never before, 
to exemplify the Christ life and the spirit 
of his Gospel. 

Along with these general changes that 
have come into existence in the present con- 
ditions of China, marvelous changes have 
taken place and are taking place for her 
women. Privileges of education and personal 
freedom are opening up a new world of 
hope to them. The missionary has a unique 
opportunity to give direction to this new- 
found freedom. 
All this we have said to show very briefly 

(Continued on Page 104) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Today's Missionary to India 

Missionary to India 

A FEW years ago it was the writer's 
privilege, while tarrying at one of 
the beautiful hill stations of the 
Himalayas, where missionaries of many 
denominations gather each year, to hear a 
sermon by a missionary who had spent a 
number of years of faithful service in In- 
dia. That sermon, because of certain in- 
terpretations and implications, caused 
many good people to have a feeling of 
dissent. One, a mis- 
sionary, who had 
heard the sermon 
and was very much 
opposed to the views, 
and in fact was al- 
most intolerant of 
them, a few days lat- 
er called upon the 
pastor of the church 
who was a fellow- 
missionary of the 
Sunday morning 
speaker. The con- 
versation drifted to a 
discussion of the 
Sunday morning ser- 
mon. The caller in- 
dicated his disap- 
proval of the views 
presented in the ser- 
mon. In answer the 
pastor, in substance, 

said: "I do not hold similar theological 
views with my colleague, but during the 
three years of my missionary career he 
and his wife lived with us. We not 
only lived together, but we toured in the 
villages together, sharing the same tent, 
and were closely associated in the work. I 
must say that we were never so closely 
associated with anyone with whom it was 
such a pleasure to work or who was so 
congenial in every way. I would say further 
that although we do not hold the same theo- 
logical views, I have often seen him make 
the Christian religion clear and understand- 
able to the Indian people when I have failed 
to do so. His non-Christian neighbors al- 
ways loved him." 

What tributes to a fellow-mis- 
sionary! Congenial and fine to 
work with; able to make the Chris- 
tian religion understandable to 
non-Christians; a good neighbor. 

The twofold wonder of India 
at the present hour is the Christian- 
izing of well-nigh every movement 
in India, and the Indianizing of the 
Christian movement itself, with 
Jesus as the Dynamic Center of 
attraction in both these cardinal 

What tributes to a fellow-missionary! 
Congenial and fine to work with ; able to 
make the Christian religion understandable 
to non-Christians ; a good neighbor. Would 
it be a misjudgment to add also that being 
a good neighbor was one of the secrets of 
his success in making Christ real to men? 

A Ceylonese student, in writing about C 
F. Andrews, that remarkable English mis- 
sionary in India, said : " He forcibly re- 
minds me of the dis- 
ciples of our Lord. 
Service, love and hu- 
mility, these flow out 
of him most natur- 
ally. Students go 
and ask him to teach 
the Bible and tell 
them about Jesus. 
His life, service and 
thinking are rooted 
in Jesus Christ. His 
Christian example 
and contribution to 
Hindu India is great. 
He moves about In- 
dia as a ministering 
angel of Jesus Christ. 
He is popularly 
called 'The Chris- 
tian Andrew.' The 
secret of the charm 
and success of An- 
drew's life are in the following: 1. He 
dared to follow Jesus absolutely, forgetting 
that he was an Englishman in India, not 
caring to make compromise for the sake of 
racial, national and cultural prestige. 2. He 
served India, not with any superior con- 
sciousness, but with sincere admiration, love 
and devotion. 3. His life was moulded in 
very intimate fellowship with Indians and 
their culture. I will never like Andrews to 
go away from India. If Christian mission- 
aries from the West come to us like him 
they will never be dispensable. To all mis- 
sionaries I say with Gandhi, ' Copy Charlie 
Andrews.' " This is one of the finest tributes 
ever paid to a Christian missionary, but in- 
stead of copying the second best let us take 


The Missionary Visitor 


this as our standard: "Copy Jesus Christ." 
This is a scientific age in which we live, 
and science has accomplished much in the 
last decade, but there is one substitution 
which science has been unable to make, and 
er was this characteristic needed more in the 
life of one who represents Jesus Christ on 
the foreign field than today. India, in her 
rising spirit of nationalism, is very sensitive 
to any tendency grounded in love. Today's 
Missionary to India, who gets into the heart 
of India, must first of all get India on his 
heart. Just on this point a fellow-mission- . 
ary has written these words : " I myself was 
first a volunteer for Africa, but since I was 
sent to India, India is my burden, even while 
I think of Africa. India gives us more to 
think about than we have time to think about 
properly." And we who know the writer of 
those words know that the heart back of 
them is filled with compassion for India's 

A great Christian statesman of Western 
India tells us, from his eighteen years' ex- 
perience and observation, that at the begin- 
ning of his missionary career India's attitude 
to Jesus was what might be called hard and 
unyielding if not hostile, but the change 
which has taken place can only be described 
as a revolution. The thing that impresses 
us is not that Jesus has been merely attract- 
ing to himself individual Indians at a rate 
several times greater than that of the coun- 
try's annual increase of population, though 
this is a worthy note, but the twofold wonder 
of India at the present hour is the Chris- 
tianizing of well-nigh every movement in 
India, and the Indianizing of the Christian 
movement itself, with Jesus as the Dynamic 
Center of attraction in both these cardinal 
facts. The situation, in fact, is one of the 
biggest in the history of Christendom, the 
only fear being whether we, who are living 
in the actual situation, will be big enough 
to deal with it as it requires. 

Some would say, " What a challenge to 
Today's Missionary to India!" But rather 
let us say, " What a challenge to Christen- 
dom!" Does anyone suppose that in the 
stupendous task of making Jesus Christ real 
*to the people of India the home church has 
discharged her full obligation and contrib- 
uted her full and only help when she has 

furnished the finances of the program? Let 
us say most emphatically that so far as the 
effectiveness of the foreign program is con- 
cerned it is just as essential that " Copy Je- 
sus Christ " become the slogan of Chris- 
tians at home and they live Christlike lives, 
as it is for Today's Missionary to India. 
Indians can see our shortcomings clear across 
the ocean and can feel the warmness or 
coldness of our spiritual pulse at this dis- 
tance. Furthermore, nothing could be more 
encouraging to Today's Missionary to India 
than to be backed by a consecrated group of 
people who actually take Jesus seriously and 
whose lives are literally filled with the Spirit 
of Jesus Christ. 

It is quite common for the average per- 
son to get the idea that the life of Today's 
Missionary to India is a very thrilling and 
romantic experience. It may be so for the 
first few months, but the thrill wears off 
soon enough. Read an extract from a recent 
letter of a missionary on the field to her 
home folks : 

Perhaps our chatter in our letters about 
the ordinary things may not appeal to you 
as mission work. Well, it's very ordinary 
work we are doing, and by our daily acts, 
even though ordinary, we try to interpret the 
life of him whom we have come to represent. 
If we can keep school, and feed children, 
and look after the general living of the 
school and its staff, meet our neighbors in 
their joys and in their sorrows, talk with 
the strangers who come to our doors — all in 
the spirit of our Master — perhaps we are ac- 
complishing the same as he did when he was 
here in the world doing the ordinary tasks 
among men. We love our job, and even 
though things do not always " pan out " as 
we plan, yet we are glad to be here to help 
bring in the day when " the meek shall in- 
herit the earth," and delight themselves in 
the abundance of peace. 

Today's Missionary to India realizes that 
the transformation which has taken place in 
India has come about through her contact 
with the power of Jesus Christ as it has shone 
forth through vital Christian character. For 
the consummation of the great task of win- 
ning India to Jesus Christ there will need 
be a repetition of the past, only more of it ; 
viz., more efficient Christian living on the 
part of all living Christians. All Christendom 
must arise to the challenge if we hope for 
victory in India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Why Women Missionaries in Nigeria 


Missionary to Africa 

OUR present work is among the Bura 
people. They are pagan. There are 
many missionaries of Mohammedan- 
ism traveling through the villages, but the 
Bura women have been only slightly af- 
fected by them. These missionaries are men 
who travel as traders. Nigeria's greatest 
undeveloped resource is her women. The 
Buras are one of the most intelligent tribes 
of the northern provinces. Only the most 
capable women in the Church of the Breth- 
ren can successfully meet this great oppor- 
tunity for Christian service. 

Pagan Life of the Bura Women 

When a Bura man lists his property it 
includes so many gowns, goats, women, and 
if he is wealthy, a horse. At his death, if 
the wife is of child-bearing age she is given 
to another member of the family when the 
other property is divided. 

The Bura woman is financially independ- 
ent. She clears her own farm. 
plants, reaps, and stores its prod- 
ucts. She builds her own little 
house or room in the master's 
compound, " carries her own 
purse," may invest her money 
in goats or cattle, taking care 
of the business herself, and if 
there are children must largely 
provide for them. 

The privations and hardships 
that a pagan polygamous society 
imposes on the women cause 
them to age rapidly. Sin and 
disease quickly change the beau- 
tiful young girls into haggard, 
wrinkled old women who seem 
as unlovely as humans can be- 
come. Motherhood takes a 
heavy toll in mothers' and babies' 
lives. These women have as 
many superstitions about this 
greatest event in a woman's life 
as in any land where Christian- 
ity has not brought its message 
of love and reverence. 

The loving companionship of 
marriage among Christians is 

never found among pagans. Divorce and 
adulter}- are common. Sin changes intelli- 
gent children into beings whose finer feel- 
ings are blunted and to whom living is ex- 
pressed as merely satisfying the senses. 

Opportunities for Christian Service 

It would be a stony-hearted Christian 
who would not be burdened with the misery 
of paganism, as is seen in the women's lives. 
The}* cannot realize it, but we who know 
the joys of peace and fellowship with God 
want to share our blessings with them. The 
intellect that is stifled by sin can be un- 
shackled by the sympathetic teaching of 
women missionaries. It is a woman who 
can best understand the heart of another 

A mother can best teach another mother 
how to care for a baby. A Christian woman 
can best teach another woman the beauty 
and purity of Christian womanhood. It will 

A Bura Home 

A Bura widow who is too old to marry. She has this home 
near some of her family and cares for herself. Notice her grain 
bins and wood. 


The Missionary Visitor 


take consecrated girls to teach the black 
girls to read, write, sew and develop worth- 
while characters. The energy and clever- 
ness of these girls would appeal to any 
teacher's heart. Christian nurses must help 
heal bodies full of pain. A government re- 
port gave infant mortality in one section 
of the country as from seventy to eighty- 
five per cent. Most of these little lives 
could be saved if the most meagre medical 
help were available. One traveler said he 
could tell a Christian community by the 
number of babies tumbling under his feet. 

The black women are clever. They learn 
quicker by example than by teaching. I am 
sure they would say " What you are speaks 
so loud, I cannot hear what you say." The 
missionary mother, teacher or nurse will be 
able to win her way into the hearts of the 
women, if the women can see her message 
lived out in her own life. The black woman 
has a sense of the ridiculous, and would be 
keen to see the difference between teaching 
and practice. 

The initiative and ability of the Bura 
women will be of great value in carrying 
the " good news " to her land. To trans- 
literate our old adage we could say, " The 
back that carries the baby will lead the 
tribe." All Africa will be won for Christ 
as soon as the mothers accept his message. 

The following comparison, clipped from 
West Africa, the weekly newspaper of Ni- 
geria or the West Coast, is given by Miss 
Elms, so well known for her work at Iyi 
Enu Hospital. 

" The mothers' and children's dispensary 
day, held every Tuesday, provides a study 
in contrasts. There are the beautiful, well- 
nourished babies of the Christian mothers, 
many of whom are in daily contact with the 
mission amenable to instruction, and there 
are the poor, ill-nourished, rickety, dirty 
children, brought by unwashed, unclothed, 
anaemic-looking women, bearing the marks 
of hard toil and meagre living. Their babies 
are puny, wizened little creatures, with such 
sad, old faces. Many of them are taken, 
perforce, tied on the mother's back, while 
she spends hours of weary toil in the fields; 
or, as an alternative, they are left with a 
small child of five or more years, who feeds * 
the baby with putrid water, coconut milk, 
or badly-prepared ground corn mixed with 


(Continued from Page 100) 
a few outstanding changes taking place in 
China, in the midst of which the missionary 
must adjust himself to make his life and 
work count for the most. In my humble 
opinion, today's missionary to China needs, 
first, a thorough knowledge of the Bible ; 
second, an experimental knowledge of Jesus 
Christ; and third, a good supply of common 
sense. He further needs to study and keep 
in constant touch with the changed and 
changing conditions. He needs to study in 
an appreciative way both China's old and 
new civilization, as well as the religions of 
that country. This new civilization is ex- 
pressed by the New Thought movement 
which is a new philosophy of life. And he 
needs to make a personal application of the 
four " musts " as expressed by the Hindu 
for the success of Christianity in India. 
First, Christians must live more like Christ; 
second, Christians must practice and teach 
their religion without adulterating it or ton- 
ing it down; third, emphasis must be put on 
love as the working force ; fourth, Christians 
must study non-Christian religions in order 
to have a sympathetic touch with them. 

The conditions that obtain in China today 
are challenging the missionary and all Chris- 
tians to Christlike living. To put it in the 
language of one of the Chinese, "China 
needs more Jesusism." Perhaps the pagan 
put it strongly when he said, " If all Chris- 
tians would live true to their Bibles for five 
years, China and India would be converted." 
Nevertheless, there may be more truth than 
we realize in this statement by John R. Mott : 
" The greatest hindrance to the evangeliza- 
tion of the world are those within the 
church." For, " Christ interpreted through 
experience and backed by fine living is al- 
most irresistible." They are reading the . 
Gospel by the missionary, and readily recog- 
nize if we " have been with Jesus and 
learned of him," and accordingly are " con- 
strained to glorify our Father who art in 
heaven." As a Chinese said to a certain 
missionary, when asked if he knew Jesus, 
" My neighbor, he got him and I am learn- 
ing about him." 

Again, the missionary, in his approach to 
the Chinese of the present day, needs to take 
a friendly attitude, and in this Americans 


The Missionary Visitor 


have a supreme advantage, as they are al- 
most universally considered by the Chinese 
as their friends. There will always be a place 
in China for the true friend. One expe- 
rienced worker laid emphasis to the fact in 
these words : " If there were pointed out to 
me a missionary who has found some real 
friends among the natives, I have no doubt 
as to the success of that person." The love 
expressed in friendship will speak its own 
language, and is a language that all under- 
stand. A member of our Mission Board, we 
feel, sensed the true situation and the right- 
ful attitude when he wrote us : "I feel that 
these are days when we must approach our 
task in China with much faith in those peo- 
ple and with enthusiasm in our cause, or else 
we shall find great difficulty in fitting into a 
great need and opportunity that requires 
saints and servants of the finest type." 

The desire among Christians in China for 
an indigenous church, one that Air. Koo de- 
fines as, " partaking of the Chinese spirit, 
and expressed in the Chinese way," or in 
other words, " Chinese in tone and form," is 
growing. There is also, in the application and 
adapting of the Gospel teaching, a growing 
tendency to place emphasis on the moral 
and spiritual teaching of the Word, rather 
than on the maze of religious formulae and 
dogma of the Christian religion represented 
by the more than 130 sects found in their 
land. They claim that " Jesus devoted him- 
self to proclaiming a Gospel, rather than 
defending a set of doctrines old or new." 
One writer describes the present Chinese 
thought in these words : " In spite of all the 
anti-Christian movements, the trend of Chi- 
nese thought, both consciously and still 
more unconsciously, is toward the acceptance 
of the moral teachings of Christ and also 
the recognition of religion as the basis of 

The desire for an indigenous church, to be 
termed " The Church of Christ for China." 
is taking form in the call for a first General 
Assembly to meet at Hang Chou, Sept. 1. 
1927, at which time they purpose to take 
measures deciding upon their tenets of faith 
and practice. Just what will develop there- 
from, or how all-"iclusive it may prove to 
be, waits to be seen. Should their plans 
carry it is evident the missionaries and the 
missions will need to make an adjustment to 

this new phase of the Christian church in 
China. In order to bring China to Christ, 
and also be loyal to the home church which 
we represent, can we do better in the train- 
ing of our Chinese leaders, than to place 
the main emphasis on a real, vital heart 
touch with God? This accomplished will 
lead them to that expression of his truth 
that can best save China, even though it 
may be by a method other than we had 

It was said at the Washington Conference 
that the East is wanting our Christ, but not 
our interpretation of him. Christian and non- 
Christian alike are recognizing and acknowl- 
edging that China's greatest need today is 
Jesus Christ and the spirit of his Gospel — 
the spirit of love, sympathy, forgiveness and 
self-sacrificing service. As Dr. Y. Y. Tsu of 
St. John's expressed it: "What my country 
needs supremely is a spiritual message. She 
is waiting for that great moral dynamic 
which comes only from the recognition of the 
sovereignty of God in the life of man and 
our responsibility to him." Yes, China needs 
the vital heart-touch with God — the abundant 
life and the propelling power from a personal 

As the Chinese take control of the Chris- 
tian church, they will need much sympathetic 
guidance. Only a comparatively small begin- 
ning has been made toward the Christianiz- 
ing of China. The task is stupendous, the 
problems many. We need " To advance on 
our knees," for this more than a human task, 
and " the future will be as bright as the 
promises of God." 


" The weary ones had rest, the sad had joy 
That day, and wondered 'how'? 
A plowman, singing at his work, had 
' Lord, help them now.' 

" Away in foreign lands they wondered 
1 how ' 
Their simple words had power? 
At home, the Christians, two or three, had 
To pray an hour ! 

" Yes., we are always wondering, wondering 
' how,' 
Because we do not see 
Some one, unknown perhaps, and far away 
On bended knee." 

— Selected, 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pioneer Missionaries to Oriental Lands 

(Left to right.) Mrs. W. B. Stover, W. B. Stover, H. Stover Kulp, Bertha 
Ryan Shirk, A. D. Helser, Mrs. A. D. Helser, Frank H. Crurapacker, Mrs. F. H. 

Nearly all of the first missionaries to our Oriental lands were at the Lincoln 
Annual Conference last year. Emma Horning was in the first party to China and at 
present she is at work on the field. All of the first missionaries to our fields are 
living with the exception of Ruth Royer Kulp who died in Africa in 1924. Sister 
Stover from India was not at Conference. Sister Crumpacker was present but 
could not appear in the picture. The picture of these two workers was taken later 
and attached to the group. 

Why I Came to Africa 

Missionary to Africa 

BECAUSE I believe in the authority and 
personal implications of the great 
word of Jesus : " Go and make disci- 
ples of all nations ; baptize them in the name 
of the Father and the Son and the Holy- 
Spirit, and teach them to obey all the com- 
mands I have laid on you. And I will be 
with you all the time, to the very end of the 
world." So long as this charge rests upon 
us unfulfilled there are personal implications 
to duty. 

BECAUSE I came in touch with the Stu- 
dent Volunteer Movement for Foreign Mis- 
sions. To sit down alone, " open-doored to 
God," facing the unsigned statement, " It 
is my purpose, if God permit, to become a 
foreign missionary," brushes away a lot of 
fog and subterfuge in choosing a life work. 
It clarifies issues and starts a process that 
will result either in setting one's face toward 
the mission field or in entering some other 
field of service with the same high aims and 

motives that genuine foreign mission service 
has always exacted. I am here. 

One's personal purpose is both strength- 
ened and articulated in further fellowship 
with the members of the Movement. And 
as in common we worked into our several 
lives the passion of the watchword — " The 
Evangelization of the World in This Gen- 
eration " — our feet were set far forward in 
the path. Wider appreciation of the full 
implications of evangelism dare not post- 
pone the fulfillment of that watchword. I 
am at it. 

BECAUSE I believe foreign missions are 
an especial obligation to a non-resistant 
church. Having been an exempted student 
during the war I felt obliged to seek out a 
life work equally demanding of abandoned 
dedication. I felt and feel that for myself 
it is found in foreign mission service. And 
moreover, our refusal to enter military serv- 

(Continued on Page 110) 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volunteers Who Sailed in 1 926 


Verda Hershberger Gibbel 


Mount Morris College, A. B. 

Bethany Bible School 

Dr. J. Paul Gibbel 
Mount Morris College, A. B. 
College of Medicine, Uni- 
versity of Illinois, M. D. 

Clara B. Harper 


Manchester College, A. B. 

Bethany Bible School 

Ruth F. Ulrey 


Mount Morris College, A. B. 

Bethany Bible School 

Ethel A. Roop 


Western Md. College. A. B. 

Battle Creek Sanitarium, 

R. N. 

Sara C. Shisler 

Earl W. Flohr 

Ella Miller Flohr 




Elizabethtown — Manchester, 
Bethany Bible School, B. D. 

Bridgewater College, A. B. 
Clark University, A. M. 

Bridgewater College 
A. B., A. M. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Wayside Meditations by a Nurse in Preparation 

In Training, Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 

IF variety is the spice of life, surely a 
nurse's life has plenty of spice. I sup- 
pose everyone learns something new 
each day, but the things that one learns 
daily in a hospital are so very interesting. 
To meet hundreds of people rather intimate- 
ly is pure joy — if you love people. 

For a few weeks we had the most un- 
promising-looking little Jewish lady — so mis- 
erable, always moaning, always something 
the matter. " Darlin', what'll we do? I 
can't stand it!" she asked so pleadingly one 
afternoon. I filled her hot-water bag again 
for what seemed to me the three-hundredth 
time. She smiled at last as she said, " Dar- 
lin', you saved me life." That day I learned 
that everybody has a lovable spot some- 
where — that if you just get on the inside 
by a tiny bit of kindness, there is something 
in everyone that will make you love her. 

On another day things went wrong. It 
took so much time to help the doctors with 
dressings, give extra treatments, care for 
patients back from operation — no end to 
work and so many delays. But in the eve- 
ning, when a little old lady asked, " Are you 
going now? " and when I answered, "Yes," 
she shook her head so sadly and said, "I 
am sorry for you to go " — I learned that 
there is compensation for whatever may 

seem hard. When Mrs. D told of her 

trouble during the afternoon and said, " If 
you had been here it wouldn't have hap- 
pened," I thought that the reward of work 
faithfully done will come, though perhaps 
not in the form one is expecting it. 

In these days, when there are more things 
to do than there is time in which to do 
them, it would be easier to get along without 
a conscience, to slash through in the shortest 
possible time. But although the coveted 
name of an efficient nurse may be the re- 
ward of work done without conscience, the 
consciousness of having done the work well 
and that Mrs. E will sleep better be- 
cause she had a good back rub when it 
really was not coming to her, pays for any- 
thing else lost. 

Perhaps the most painful part of nurses' 

training is the discipline while at work. 
Every nurse, I think, tries to do her best; 
but mistakes and failures are such serious 
matters to the patient and to the hospital 
that they cannot be excused. It is easy to 
see why excuses cannot be allowed, for there 
is an excuse for every mistake. So that by 
the time you have learned to take the blame 
for all of your own mistakes, and a good 
many of some one else's, gracefully, being 
able to see the larger good, a great amount 
of self-control has been developed. Our 
ambition is to be leaders ; thus, respect for 
authority, ability to take orders and carry 
them out accurately and efficiently, are les- 
sons that we need to learn before the lead- 
ership, for which we as volunteers hope, 
is attempted. 

Incidentally, in these times when criticism 
seems harsh, it is a fight to keep the blues 
away. The one way I have found is to turn 
the thoughts out-ward instead of in-ward. 
It works like a charm! Instead of thinking 
of the annoyances of the day, of how many 
people dislike you — if you can turn your 
thoughts to thinking of how many people 
you have made comfortable or happier dur- 
ing the day, and of how you can make 
tomorrow a better day, and set out once 
more to try to cheer some one less fortu- 
nate than yourself — the blues will soon have 
flown with the winds. 

But the time when thoughts turn to God 

is the nighttime. Mrs. W had been 

having pain all day, and finally it was long 
past time to sleep and still she had no rest. 
While leaving, the nurse said, " I will re- 
member you in my prayers tonight." The 
next morning the woman was all smiles as 
she greeted the nurse, " I had a much better 
night last night. I knew you and sonny 
were praying for me." It is surprising how 
many respond when spoken to about spirit- 
ual things. 

On the other hand, when so many show 
plainly by their conversation that they are 
not Christian, one feels as though nearly 
the whole world were still to be evangelized. 

(Continued on Page 116) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Being a Missionary's Daughter 


Student Manchester College 

a missionary's daughter — there not only 

OF course, 
son, also — must obtain an education 
as well as anyone else's daughter. 

However, going to school in India is very 
different from going to school in this won- 
derful land of America. For a missionary's 
daughter leaves home — not for merely a day, 
but for the whole school year of nine months. 

The schools for English and American 
children are usually situated at hill stations 
because of the heat down on the plains. 
School begins in March and ends in Decem- 
ber, so that the children are able to spend 
the best part of the year, the cool season, 
at home. Many of the children in these 
schools are missionaries' sons and daughters, 
but the majority are English or Anglo-In- 
dian, children of government officials and 
business men. 

The journey to school is always a merry 
time, for, with such a lively group of chil- 
dren one cannot remain unhappy very long. 
After the first pangs of sorrow at leaving 
home and parents are gone, and all traces 
of tears are carefully wiped away, all soon 
become merry and bright again — for are 

two hundred and seventy 
days left until time to return? 

Missionaries' children are the same as 
other children — fond of fun and mischief. 
Therefore, the mission conference, which 
is held every year in March, just before the 
opening of school, is eagerly looked for- 
ward to as a time when all the missionaries' 
children can be together. Of course the 
children are not interested in the various 
discussions of the different committees; thus 
they spend a very pleasant time playing to- 
gether. The older ones amuse themselves 
by taking care of the smaller ones, and 
watching them in their play. The social 
evening of the conference is always a de- 
light, because all of the children are asked 
to take a part in this event. 

A missionary's child naturally learns the 
Indian language as readily as English, and 
it is as easy to speak in Gujarati or Marathi 
as in English. 

A missionary's daughter is usually at a 
disadvantage when she comes to America. 
She is often asked to speak in public con- 
cerning her school life, and very often she 

Woodstock College Where Our India Missionaries' Children May Get Their High School and Junior 

College Work 


The Missionary Visitor 


has had no experience at all in doing that 
thing. Some of her lessons, too, are harder 
for her than for the average American 
student, because the English course of study 
is used in the schools in India. In other 
lessons, though, she is ahead of her fellow- 

Another disadvantage is that, after mak- 
ing friends with girls in school in India, 
when she comes to America with her par- 
ents on a furlough, she must say good-bye 
to these friends, and come to a land where 
she feels strange, knowing very few people. 
She leaves these friends, realizing that it is 
altogether possible, and very probable, that 
she will never see them again. 

But she also has many advantages. For 
instance, not very many American girls 
have the opportunity to travel around the 
world, and to observe the customs of differ- 
ent nations, as she has. 

A missionary's daughter, therefore, has 
many advantages, and her disadvantages are 
so slight, that I believe it pays to be one. 


(Continued from Page 106) 

ice demands that we make some positive 
and obvious contribution to the solution of 
the problems which issue in war. Need one 
ask for other than a whole-hearted mission- 
ary program to do this? 

BECAUSE there is actual and unmet need 
here; no chance to read, no medical care, no 
voice of God among them, bound' by fear 
and environed by hovels — thus have these 
black thousands awaited " the messenger of 
God who cometh late." It is also God's will 
that the glories of these nations be brought 
into his kingdom. 

BECAUSE of the urgency of the Moslem 
issue. There is great satisfaction in know- 
ing one is working on the edge of Moslem 
advance. And that more can be done in this 
particular generation to save these people 
from the subtle dangers of the " better '* re- 
ligion, which will be a long barrier to their 
accepting the " best " than will be possible 
for many a year thereafter. 

BECAUSE of the inspiration of others in 
the work. One cannot read of Mary Slessor 
of Calabar without feeling that, even his 
little, given fully to these people, will have 
abiding results. Nor can he read of Dr. 

Albert Schweitzer playing the fugues of Bach 
to awe-struck primitives — crowning his day's 
medical service by the wealth of his Euro- 
pean culture while the night steals up out of 
the forest — without feeling that the best is 
none too good for the child races of the 
world. Then, too, I was particularly drawn 
to Africa by having been intimately asso- 
ciated with those who had ventured out a 
year or two earlier to lay claim on these peo- 
ple for Christ. I counted it and count it a 
privilege to be associated with those who 
have been thus used of Christ in his service. 
BECAUSE I felt a sense of divine ap- 
proval on my purpose to come that I missed 
in thinking of any other work. Not that 
God's highest place of service for everyone 
is in Africa, or in foreign missions, or in 
full-time religious work. But for me it was 
all of them. And so long as this work is un- 
finished there are other students whose 
highest place of service is here. Who they 
are and what are the divine tokens of the 
pathway to the work I cannot say. But they 
will appear to the dedicated eye. There can 
be no more tragic feeling than that the 
work one is in is not the highest will of God. 
Nor is there any higher joy than the knowl- 
edge that one is fulfilling his will. 
t$* «<$* 

Sometimes I think if I could be 

A carpenter as Jesus was, 
And plan and build the same as he, 

Plying the hammer and the saws, 
Causing the ribbons of the wood 

To roll like waves about my feet, 
That life would be more understood, 

Would happier prove and more complete. 

For when I'd shape a joist or beam, 

Or smooth the roughness from a board, 
Might not some glory of that dream 

Of his. my Fellow and my Lord, 
Descend on me, and might not I 

Catch through the lapse of centuries 
The psalm-chant of his plane's soft cry, 

His shingle-tapping rhapsodies? 

Might not my rafters firmly set 

To hold the crowning roof in place, 
Suggest that surer parapet 

Of love reflected from his face; 
And might not I in each design 

My workmanship would make arise 
View in far outline his divine 

And lasting temple of the skies? 

— Will Chamberlain, in The Congrega- 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anna E. Lichty 

" As cold waters to a thirsty soul," so was the 
recent visit of Brother and Sister D. O. Cottrell. 
Our people looked forward eagerly to the coming 
of Dr. Saheb's elder brother. Many questions were 
asked concerning his size, cleverness and work as 
compared with the doctor. Bro. Cottrell's stay in 
our midst and his message to the church were 
much appreciated. *j 

Surjan, one of our young teachers in the Vali 
school, has successfully completed his first year in 
teacher training at Anklesvar. He has just entered 
upon his year of teaching as required before being 
entered in second-year training class. This lad, like 
little Samuel, heard the call when a mere child in 
the Vali Boarding-school. He has been a zealous 
Christian from the day of his baptism. His father 
is a zealous religious leader among the Bhil people. 
He has always been very proud of his clever little 
son and wanted him to have a good education. But 
as the boy grew older and his father began to realize 
that Christianity had taken deep root in Surjan's 
life, every effort was made to persuade him against 
Christ. During the recent Christmas vacation, while 
in his father's home, Surjan met real opposition and 
persecution. His father said, " If you continue a 
Christian, you are not my son." Surjan replied, " I 
am God's son." Pray for this young soldier of 
the cross, that he may continue valiant in the battle 
and finally win his father to Christ's kingdom. 

This is the busy season of the year for those 
engaged in evangelistic work. The weather is ideal, 
the people are not so busy in the fields and have 
more time to listen to the good news— everything 
is conducive to work for the evangelists and they 
are " making hay while the sun shines." Bro. 

Summer and his band of helpers are working among 
the Potidars (caste people) near Nandod, the capital 
of Rajpipla State, while Sister Ziegler and her party 
are working in the villages where there are schools 
in charge of Christian masters. 
Bro. Lichty and Bro. Nagarji Dunji, members of 
the District Mission Board, have just returned from 
Rudha, our District Mission field of Gujarat, where 
they had gone to investigate and assist in the work. 
They report commendable progress in both school 
and evangelistic efforts. The work in this isolated 
station has had a hard pull of recent years. Bro. 
Renchord Rama is in charge of the operations and 
he is laboring faithfully with a great love for the 
people. 4J 

Ahwa Notes for December 

Kathryn Garner 
The regular church council was held on the evening 
of Dec. 27. The Sunday-ichool officers for the en- 
suing year were elected. Sister Shull was chosen 
delegate to Annual Conference. 

A number of boys who have been in our Boys' 
Boarding-school are now out in various lines of 
work. In order to keep in touch with them, an 
alumni meeting was planned for the evening of 
Dec. 29, when a goat was served for the banquet. 
A number of helpful talks were given, and after 
prayer the first alumni meeting of the Ahwa School 
closed, and all felt that it had been worth while. 

Our Marathi District (separated from the Gujarati 
area because of difference in language) Meeting was 
held here at Ahwa Dec. 31— Jan. 3. The business 
session convened on the last day only. The preced- 
ing days were filled with devotional meetings. Mr. 
Modak, a retired business man from Bombay, gave 
most helpful and inspiring messages. It was gratify- 

What He Tried to Tell 

In the month of December our little village at Vali was saddened by the 
death of a Christian youth, Mansing Dadlo, after only a few days' illness. 
This young man had completed first-year teacher training in the Anklesvar 
Vocational Training School, and was teaching in a village eight miles distant. 
He was the eldest son and the pride of his parents. As death was creeping 
over him he struggled to say something, but could not be understood. His 
father would say, "If we only knew what he wanted to tell us! " Several 
days after the funeral, Mansing's clothes and belongings were brought home 
from his boarding place. Among his papers was found a letter written to his 
parents, in which he pleaded with them to devote their lives more whole-heartedly 
to the Lord's service. His father said, " This is what he was trying to tell us 
when dying." The parents were grief-stricken, and their son's death and his 
last message to them have impressed them deeply. Pray that they may serve 
the Lord more faithfully, as was their dying son's request. — From India News 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing to hear such good gospel sermons from one who 
has made his own living. By nis talks one would 
never know but that he had been a preacher all his 
life. He is not a young man, but one of experience, 
which added strength to what he said. He spends a 
good deal of his time now in writing tracts or helpful 
leaflets. A number of speeches were made by our 
own missionaries, and Indian brethren, too. All gave 
good suggestions and things for thought. 

An interesting feature in preparing for the meet- 
ing was the cutting down of a tree for fuel to be 
used in cooking the food. When the committee of 
arrangements was considering how to supply the 
wood during the meeting, it was suggested that a 
dead tree in the mission compound be used. On the 
appointed day volunteers came with ax and saw and 
it was brought to the ground and cut. It was a 
very large tree, so there was more than was needed. 
The remainder was sold, and the money used towards 
the expenses of the meeting. 

On the second Sunday of these special meetings 
Bro. Shull gave a most helpful message to the 
Sunday-school teachers and officers, impressing upon 
them their responsibility, and all were asked to 
pledge themselves to carry on the work as best they 
could with the Holy Spirit's guidance. Will you not 
pray that the year 1927 may be one of great blessing 
to the Sunday-school and church of Ahwa, and 
through them may the truth be spread through all 
of the Dangs. 



Marie Brubaker 
We observed the " world-wide prayer week " in 
January. Prayer meetings were held three after- 
noons with a fairly good attendance. Many people, 
such as the Jews, Russians, and Chinese were re- 
membered in prayer. Chinese chaotic conditions 
were foremost in our minds. 

Our evangelists are busy out in the tent work and 
with village preaching. Several returned to the 
station this past week to meet in some special 
sessions. & 

Bro. Oberholtzer, Dr. Wang, Mr. Li, and Mr. Tsai 
have gone to Ping Ting to help in some committee 
work for the New Year's program of the mission. 

Our friends and neighbors are all preparing for 
the Chinese New Year's festivities, which will begin 
Feb. 2. At this time the people worship the gods, 
those of heaven and earth, and household gods. 
Paper gods are burned and new ones are put up. 
This is also the time of worship of the ancestors. 

In preparation for this time we met three after- 
noons last week to talk over things that Christians 
should and should not do. We especially tried to 
help our young people who are going home for the 
New Year's vacation. They have many temptations 
to return to heathen customs at this time. We also 
prayed that our older Christians may stand firmly 
for their Christian convictions. 

This month, while the snow covers mother earth 
and the thermometer stands below zero, it is not 
very easy for women to go to the villages to teach, 
so we are taking advantage of this time to give them 
some inspiration for their spring work. Besides 
Bible classes they are having classes on how to 
teach and preach so as to win souls directly for 

Shou Yang 

January opened with the women's school moving 
along nicely. The middle of the month we closed 
for the Chinese New Year season. This will give 
the women five weeks in which to " pass over " the 
New Year as they say. There is not much choice 
about the vacation; either we grant it or they just 
take it. & 

It is most gratifying to see how well the women 
passed the examinations. To show that these few 
months in school have really made an impression, 
one of the pupils now prays each night before she 
goes to bed, and also each time before she eats. 

During^ the month the two evangelists have been 
putting intensive effort in the city and suburbs of 
Shou Yang. g 

Ping Ting 

Word was received early in the month that our 
good Brethren Yoder and Bonsack had safely reached 
Shanghai and were on their way to India. Bro. 
Byron Flory, who accompanied them to the coast, 
reported a very strenuous trip and one with many 
hardships endured because of the conditions now 
existing with the railroads. We were sorry for the 
great inconvenience they were put to, but we are 
thankful to our heavenly Father for their safe ar- 
rival at the coast in these troubled times in China. 

The Foreign Field Committee, the Chinese Church's 
Executive Committee, and several other committees 
met here this month to discuss plans and work for 
the year. It is always a pleasure to have our 
brethren from other stations with us. Mr. Scofield, 
of Tai Yuan Y. M. C. A., was also a guest this 
month at the home of the Brubakers. 

Sister Grace Clapper has returned from Peking, 
where she received medical treatment. We are hop- 
ing that she may be made strong physically, so that 
she may remain on the mission field. All of the 
Peking doctors have advised that she return at once 
to the homeland, but Grace longs to live her life 
in China, and we are praying that she may be made 
well, so that she can take up her work among the 
young girlhood of China. May she have your pray- 
ers also. 

The Vanimans have booked sailings on the steam- 
ship President Jefferson, that sails from Kobe March 
7. They are busy packing and making plans to 
return to the homeland. Bro. Brubaker has taken 
over the treasurer's books since the Vanimans have 
found it necessary to leave early on sick furlough. 
It is our hope that Sister Vaniman will be restored 
to health in America.. 



The Missionary Visitor 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

Telegrams for Prayer Material. The 

World Day of Prayer for Missions was well 
observed by the women of our Brotherhood. 
Never before have we received so many 
requests for prayer material. The telegraph 
wires were kept busy. Just as the supply 
of prayer leaflets was exhausted the orders 
grew more numerous. One day a telegram 
from Alberta, Canada, came and was soon 
followed by another from Pennsylvania, 
asking prayer material. Our church believes 
in the power of prayer and is willing to 
spend time and money that intercession for 
the building of the kingdom may be made. 

" In Sunny Nigeria " Has Large Sale. 
Bro. Helser's book, " In Sunny Nigeria," has 
had a large sale in our church. More than 
3,200 copies have been sold in our church. 
Besides this, Fleming H. Revell Co. has sold 
a considerable number to people not mem- 
bers of the Church of the Brethren. This 
speaks well for Bro. Helser's ability to write 
interestingly, and also for the concern the 
church has in Afrcia as a new mission field. 

Cable from Africa, Feb. 22: " Two new 
Yola stations opened. Mission strongly 
urges visit by president of the General Mis- 
sion Board. Workers urgently required. 
William Beahm, Secretary of the Africa 
Mission." The mission family is rejoicing 
because of this good news regarding the new 
stations. Our work has been hemmed in 
for lack of privilege to open new stations. 
As yet we do not know the exact location 
of these new stations. Dr. Homer L. Burke, 
who is in America on furlough, thinks one 
of the stations is located at Marghi, near 
the French border. This is east of our 
Garkidda station. The second new station 
may be at Gardemna, about fifteen miles 
west of Garkidda. In April we shall have 
more complete information. 

Des Moines (Iowa) Africa Study. The 
B. Y. P. D. of Des Moines, Iowa, which is 

making a study of Africa, had Mr. S. Joe 
Brown, a colored attorney, for an address 
on race relations, March 27. The Des 
Moines young people feel that this has 
helped them to form a connecting link be- 
tween their Africa Mission Study and their 
relations with negroes right in Des Moines. 

Mrs. A. W. Ross of North Manchester 
came to Chicago the first week of March for 
medical attention. Her friends at Bethany 
were glad to have her among them. 

Miss Verna Blickenstaff has been spend- 
ing a part of her furlough by taking a grad- 
uate course this winter at the Battle Creek 
Sanitarium and Hospital. 

Many Home Volunteers will be glad to 
learn that Bethany is now offering a reli- 
gious educational course for two years above 
college work, giving the degree of master 
of religious education. With a balanced 
course in Bible study and professional train- 
ing, one can thus be fitted for leadership in 
religious education. Opportunities are in- 
creasing for specialized workers in this 
field, such as, directors of religious educa- 
tion in the larger churches, or among a 
group of cooperating churches, teachers of 
week-day church schools, as well as teach- 
ers for Sunday-schools and Daily Vacation 
Bible Schools. 

The Missionary Picture Leaflets. " The il- 
lustrated leaflets were worth waiting for. I 
count this, your latest move, as the most 
effective educational work your Board has 
done. Such efforts ought to do a great deal 
of damage to Old Castle Indifference." Thus 
writes W. G. Nyce, Pottstown, Pa., regard- 
ing the missionary Picture Leaflets issued 
every two months for free distribution to 
every member of the church during 1927. 

Every missionary committee has been 
written to and offered these leaflets in any 
quantity needed, so that every member of 
the church may receive one. They are in- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tended for all Sunday-school pupils. Ad- 
dress orders to General Mission Board, Ed- 
ucational Dept., Elgin, 111. 
& S 

Auburn, 111., 
Dear Coworkers : 

Since our church did not lift an offering 
on last Sunday, Feb. 20, as requested by our 
Mission Board, I am sending you one dollar 
for that deficit fund. 

I only wish I could send more. I do not 
know why our church did not take it up. 
I went prepared to give, but was disap- 

Yours for service, 

Mrs. R. E. Young. 

(Editor's note. This letter is typical of many 
received this spring. May it not be possible that 
ministers are not giving ample opportunity to the 
members to give their offerings through the con- 
gregational channel? The Board prefers that the 
congregations, rather than the Board, bear the re- 
sponsibility of challenging the members for their 
missionary money.) 

A Letter from India 

" We have been out with our tent most 
of the time since last November. This 
makes our seventh camp. We have been 
so pleased with the reception the headmen 
of the villages have given us. The people 
will sit and listen to the Christ story for 
hours. Only a few years ago this could 
not be done. Last year we came to this 
place for the first time. In some places the 
women ran from us, they were so frightened. 
We had to win our way. This year these 
same people come to our tent and talk 
to us. Our meetings for women and chil- 
dren are well attended, the highest number 
being two hundred, the lowest 140. At night 
also good crowds come to hear the gospel 
story. We praise the Father for all this. 
We are always glad for your prayers and 
messages of cheer. It means so much to 
be remembered." 

(Taken from Wagoner's letter of Jan. 21, 1927, at 
Gumbi Camp, Bulsar, India.) 

General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 
Dear Friend and Brother : 

Enclosed is cashier's check for $17 for 
the China Mission work, which was the 
special mission work for the children last 
year. The kiddies of the Belleville church 
worked very hard, but because of the dry 
weather their mission gardens burned up 

with the rest of the vegetation. But we 
hope our mite of $17 may be used to help 
advance the Lord's work among the children 
of China. 

May success be yours during the year 1927. 

Belleville, Kans. Jessie O. Ball. 


The Christ of the Indian Road, by E. Stan- 
ley Jones. The Abingdon Press; price, $1. 

After a long and fruitful experience as 
pastor, manager of publishing house, mission- 
ary to the villages, district superintendent 
and lecturer, Dr. Jones is able to give some 
very definite convictions concerning the at- 
titude of India toward Christianity. Dr. 
Jones says, " Christian missions have come 
to a crisis in India." In this book he has let 
non-Christians themselves largely tell the 
story of the silent revolution in thought that 
is taking place in India. " If it is over- 
drawn, they have overdrawn it." This revolu- 
tion has confronted us with a new and chal- 
lenging situation. 

We have not only failed in the eyes of 
missionaries, but in the eyes of educated 
people of India. We have not found the 
right method in mission work. Dr. Jones 
gives the following incident : " One day one 
of the leading government officials, a Hindu, 
remarked, ' How long has this mission been 
in this city?' I told him about fifty years. 
He asked very pointedly, ' Then why have 
you gone only to the low castes? Why 
haven't you come to us?' I replied that I 
supposed it was because we thought they 
did not want us. He replied, ' It is a mis- 
take. We want you if you will come in the 
right way.'" The finding of the right way 
has been a life task for Dr. Jones. The last 
several years he has been working among 
the educated high castes. 

India does not want our western civili- 
zation. She wants Christ. She needs the 
practical mysticism that Jesus brings to 
bear upon the problems of life. This WHOM 
rather than the What of the Christian re- 
ligion is the keynote to the message for In- 
dia. She is receiving this message at the 
hand of a most effective leader of untiring 
effort. His Christ-filled life can be read 
in every page of this little volume. 

Pastors, teachers, pupils and others inter- 
ested in the work of Christ will find this 


The Missionary Visitor 


little book helpful and inspirational in fol- 
lowing this Christ, who is both the Christ 
of the Indian and the American Road. 

Ruth Holderread. 
The Church and Missions, by Dr. Robert 

E. Speer. Doran; price, $1.75. 

Dr. Speer is an authority on missions. If 
there is anyone living capable of registering 
the pulse of present-day mission conditions, 
surely it would be Dr. Speer. This most 
recent of his publications is historical and 
prophetic in character. It begins with the 
universal note in Christ's own recorded 
teachings, traces the unfolding of his mis- 
sionary concept through the centuries, shows 
the prominence of the social ideals in the 
work of the founders of modern missions, 
outlines recent demands of foreign missions 
on home churches, and presents the new de- 
mands on the mission fields, as created by 
new world conditions. It closes with a state- 
ment of the rich fruitage of foreign mis- 
sions ; in material services, in humanitarian 
enterprises, in character development through 
contact with Christ and the Christian con- 
cept of God. 

The primary aim of foreign missions is 
summed up in this concise statement: "The 
supreme and controlling aim of foreign mis- 
sions is to make the Lord Jesus Christ 
known to all men as their Divine Savior 
and to persuade them to become his disci- 
ples; to gather these disciples into Christian 
churches which shall be self-propagating, 
self-supporting, and self-governing; to co- 
operate, so long as necessary, with these 
churches in the evangelizing of their country- 
men, and in bringing to bear on all human 
life the spirit and principles of Christ." 
Harper S. Will. 

The Christian Mission in Africa, by Edwin 
W. Smith. International Missionary Coun- 
cil, $1.25. 

" The Christian Mission in Africa," by Ed- 
win W. Smith, is a study of Africa in its re- 
lation to Christianity, based on the Inter- 
national Conference at Le Zoute, Belgium, 
Sept. 14 to 21, 1926. Saturated with the 
speeches, discussions, and resolutions of this 
great conference, Mr. Smith has given the 
gist of their information and the spirit of 
their inspiration in his own scholarly and 
enthusiastic manner. 

The book receives its title from that of the 
conference, a title which has special sig- 
nificance. It is not " Christian Missions 
in Africa," but " The Christian Mission in 
Africa." Not only professional missionaries, 
but Christian people as a whole, have a part 
to play in the bringing of the abundant life 
to Africa. " Physical well-being, culture of 
the mind and soul, good government, right- 
eous laws, justice between man and man — 
everything that has to do with men and 
women comes within the ambit of the Chris- 
tian mission." 

The contrast between the dark Africa of 
Livingstone's day and the new Africa of to- 
day, open and ruled over to within 350,000 
square miles by the various European pow- 
ers, is strikingly shown. This new Africa 
brings with it new problems for the present- 
day missionary. " Missionary work in Africa 
must be done against a threefold front : 
the rude paganism of the passing age, the 
Islam, which is a most active competitor 
over large parts of the continent, and the 
modern civilization which is transforming 
almost every phase of native life." The task 
of making over this great continent, three 
times the size of Europe, is a human prob- 
lem, and therefore the concern of all fol- 
lowers of the Son of Man — hence, the Le 
Zoute Conference. 

The best methods of preaching the Gospel 
to the various types of folks to be found in 
Africa ; the overwhelming importance of the 
church in this continent ; the need for edu- 
cation carried on cooperatively by govern- 
ments, missions, Africans, and the non-offi- 
cial European community, which will develop 
Christlike characters; the fact that the hope 
of Africa, from the standpoint of health and 
hygiene, lies in the little mission schools; 
and the needs of the Africans with regard 
to land and labor — all these and many other 
facts are clearly shown. 

In order to meet these issues in an effec- 
tive manner, there must be true cooperation, 
the chief four conditions of which are : a 
clearer consciousness of our unity, humility, 
comprehension — the understanding of the 
other man's point of view and respect. 

The final message of the Le Zoute Con- 
ference to the Christian church is found in 
these words : " Nothing is adequate to the 
situation which the Christian church has to 

(Continued on Page 118) 


The Missionary Visitor 



It takes great strength to bring your life 

up square 
With your accepted thought, and keep it 

there ; 
Resisting the inertia that drags back 
From new attempts to the old habit's track. 
It is easy to drift back, to sink; 
So hard to live abreast of what you think. 

It takes great strength to live where you 

When other people think that you are 

People you love and who love you; and 

Approval is a pleasure ; you would choose 
To resist that pressure, and succeed at length 
In living your belief. Well, it takes strength 
And courage, too, but what does courage 

Save strength to face a pain foreseen? 

Courage to undertake the lifelong strain 
Of setting yours against your grandsire's 

Dangerous risk of walking lone and free 
Out of the easy paths that used to be. 
And the fierce pain of hurting those we love, 
When love meets truth, and truth must rise 


It takes great love to serve the human heart, 
To do for others our privileged part. 
A love that is not shallow is not small; 
Not meant for one or two, but for them all. 
A love that can wound love for its deepest 

A love that can lose love though the heart 

may bleed; 
A love that can leave love, family and friend, 
And steadfastly live, loving to the end; 
A love that asks no answer — that can live 
Moved by one deathless, burning impulse — 

to give. 

— Margaret Stetson. 

(Selected from Student Volunteer Bulletin, Oct., 1926.) 


Mrs. J. W. Lear 

In our college halls, as the years have flown, 
Brave hearts have wrestled with tasks to 

be done ; 
The challenge had come for full sacrifice, 
Then pledges were signed — they would pay 

the price. 

They went out in teams their message to 

They felt the Lord's word no longer could 

They aimed to be true, their ardor ran high ; 
Commencement day came with great goals 

to try. 

Some years have rolled by; we stand all 

To find where some Volunteers landed at 

Some busy in offices, some in the shops, 
Teaching are some, and some raising crops. 

Do they give of their means in gospel meas- 

Or spend their gold in a mad rush for 

While Christ's plan breaks down at an awful 

And millions of earth stumble on to be lost. 

How grievous when those whose vows have 

been broken 
Shall meet the great Judge and see as a 

The many lost souls turned out to despair 
Who might have been saved by Volunteers' 


Let those on the farm, in schoolroom or shop 
Give freely their best in time, talent or crop. 
For God hath so loved us, each one to re- 
He offered his Son, as our Savior supreme. 

And now he broods over this poor needy 
world — 

In all climes his banner be quickly unfurled ! 

Hail, hail, faithful comrades, gone forth in 
the fray, 

You'll hear his " Well done ! " on some glori- 
ous day. 

Oh, come, let us rally our Volunteer band! 
Send out a great clarion over the land, 
Come, freshen your vows, the harvest's so 

white ; 
Be heroes, our brothers, we'll yet win the 



(Continued from Page 108) 

One Sunday Mr. J read of a church 

dance and denounced it very heartily. I 
asked him if he attended church. He an- 
swered that he could be just as good with- 
out going to church and was a good deal 
better than most church members. If he 
could see any advantage he would be glad 
to belong to a church. Although he liked 
to attend once in a while, there were too 
many members whose religion was only a 
Sunday affair for Christianity to interest 
him. Of course we know the fallacy in his 
argument, but, nevertheless, he gave a chal- 
lenge to every one of us. He had never 
seen God in the lives of his Christian friends. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 

Organizing the Women's Work 

Vice-President General Aid Society 

1AM wondering if the women who read 
this page wouldn't enjoy a question 
box occasionally. Would you like an 
opportunity to ask some of your questions 
and have them answered by those who have 
given thought to the same problem or have 
worked it out in their own experience? 

There are several questions I would like 
to ask, and I would be glad to have the 
reaction and best thought of the women of 
our church all over the Brotherhood on 
them. Perhaps this page would be a good 
medium of exchange. 

I believe the women of the church are 
awakening to their opportunities, as they 
have never seen them before. Our Aid So- 
ciety reports show a splendid increase in this 
work from year to year, both in member- 
ship and finances. This is as it should be, and 
I presume that most of us have not as yet 
" stretched our tugs." 

The Mothers and Daughters' organization 
is beginning to occupy in a larger way a 
needy field in the life and thought and work 
along this line. Some Districts are making 
a special effort to effect such an organiza- 
tion in all the local churches. 

Then in a number of our congregations the 
women are feeling the need of a larger fel- 
lowship in the interest of missions, and to 
answer this need they are organizing Wom- 
en's Missionary Societies. On this page we 
have had reports from a few such societies. 
Personally, I would be glad to hear from 
more of them. 

In some congregations there is a desire 
for a unifying and coordinating of all these 
vital activities under one general organiza- 
tion, so that none of them shall be lost be- 
cause of a superabundance of machinery, 
but rather that all of them shall be fostered 

and promoted. Some few congregations are 
so organized. I know of one church in which 
the women are organized under the general 
name of Women's Work Society, with a 
superintendent and secretary heading the 
whole organization. Then they have the 
departments such as the Sisters' Aid Society, 
the Dorcas Circle, the Missionary Society 
and Mothers and Daughters' Society. Each 
of these departments has its own organiza- 
tion, but all are under the supervision of the 
general organization. I also know of another 
congregation in which the women's work is 
all headed up in a Women's Council, which 
gives general supervision to every depart- 
ment of the women's work. 

How does such an organization appeal to 
you? Perhaps the Brotherhood is soon com- 
ing to the time when we need some general 
organization which embraces all departments 
of women's work. Or shall we go along 
organizing these various activities independ- 
ently, or would the Great Head of the 
church be pleased to have us appoint a com- 
mission of women, who in conjunction with 
the Council of Promotion, would study the 
whole question and bring us a unified pro- 
gram of women's work, including all our 

Organization of Women's Church and 
Missionary Society 

Wednesday evening, Jan. 12, a business 
meeting of the women of the church at 
Lewistown, Pa., was held, at which time the 
officers for The Women's Church and Mis- 
sionary Society for 1927 were elected. The 
result of the election was as follows: Pres- 
ident, Ida M. Fisher; vice-president, Mrs. 
Ruth Aurand; secretary, Jennie Beaver; 
treasurer, Martha Heckert. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The constitution was adopted at this 
meeting. It was decided to have quarterly 
meetings ; any special meetings to be called 
by the president. 

The aim of the society is to help bring 
the women of the church into ( closer fel- 
lowship and to aid in promoting more inter- 
est in missions in our own church; also to 
cooperate with the Women's Missionary 
Federation of our city. 

Important Lines in Missionary Education 

Whatever may be the plans and methods 
used, three general phases in missionary 
education will predominate : 1. Informing 
the church as to human life and its needs, 
and the church and its work everywhere. 2. 
Teaching the membership about the people 
of the world, that a spirit of sympathetic 
brotherhood may develop which will under- 
gird the missionary enterprise with prayer, 
money and life. 3. Applying the energies of 
the church in definite Christian service. In- 
formation awakens interest; instruction di- 
rects this interest toward missionary activ- 
ity. Christian service is the expressional side 
of the educational program, without which 
education fails in its purpose. 

Real knowledge of mission fields and of 
the missionary enterprise is essential to 
intelligent cooperation in the work of the 
church at home and abroad. Missionary 
study for women should be carefully 
planned and thoroughly conducted. Such 
work may be carried forward through the 
agency of the Woman's Missionary Society. 
How thankful we are for the women who 
have already sensed the need and have this 
organization ! 

Missionary Publicity 

Publicity is one of the greatest assets of 
any organization, missionary societies in- 
cluded. If you have had a program for some 
special offering or celebration, and it has 
proved successful, let others have the bene- 
fit of your inspiration. By sharing your gifts 
of brain and heart, your own supply is won- 
derfully increased. By sharing your interest 
and enthusiasm in the cause of missions, 
your own supply becomes- more firmly fixed. 
Your aims and purposes have a deeper mean- 
ing from your having given expression to 

The church bulletin and the daily papers 
are avenues of publicity. ' Invitations and 

posters for special occasions are a most 
successful method and are often a means of 
enlisting the talent of some one seemingly 
uninterested. One never knows when the 
spark of interest may be kindled. The Wom- 
en's Department of your missionary maga- 
zine is glad to publish various features of 
women's activities. 

The Record of the Resurrection 

" He is not here, but is risen : remember 
how he spake unto you when he was yet in 
Galilee." " Had Jesus never issued out of 
Joseph's rocky tomb, that tomb would not 
simply have been the grave of Jesus, but it 
would also have been the grave of his re- 
ligion. The resurrection of Christ is the 
pledge of the resurrection of all who believe 
in him. The record of the resurrection 
brings a glowing assurance into the hearts 
of Christians. It carries the conviction that 
Christ lives, and that his words are true 
that his followers shall be with him. Christ 
has made of death a narrow, starlit strip be- 
tween the companionship of yesterday and 
the reunion of tomorrow. This single sen- 
tence is worthy of a place in every memory, 
and is full of comfort for those who have 
loved and lost." 

The Bridge Over Death 

In a Scottish valley, beside a little brook 
where there was no friendly soil, a Highland- 
er once planted a tree. Of course it wilted 
and drooped. But suddenly, to the surprise 
of everyone, it took a new start in life and 
bore rich fruit. What was the source of its 
new life? With marvelous vegetable in- 
stinct it had sent out a shoot which ran 
along and over a narrow sheep bridge, and 
rooted itself in rich loam on the other side 
of the brook. From this rich loam it drew 
its life. Even so the resurrection of Christ 
bridges the river of death that flows between 
earth and heaven, and the souls of men who 
know this send out the shoot of faith which, 
running over the bridge, roots itself in the 
eternal realities beyond, and draws spiritual 
life from the very fulness of God. — David 
Gregg, D. D. & & 


(Continued from Page 115) 

face in Africa except a new birth. . . . 
If there is to be a rebirth of the missionary 
movement, it will mean a rebirth of the life 
of prayer." Naomi L. Royer. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Junior Leaguers of Bethel Congregation, Nebraska 

They earned $61.45 during the summer of 1926, 
though it was a very dry year and nearly a failure 
in the matter of crops. Picture sent by Paul S. 
Longenecker, pastor at Carleton. 


In the beginning of 1926, the children of 
the Brotherhood were asked to engage in 
work which would help them earn money 
to carry the Gospel to Liao Chou. It was 
thought that the work would cost about 
$7,860. But the missionaries have been able 
to economize in the work and the total cost 
amounts to $5,736.27. The children have 
contributed up to March 1, the sum of 
$8,361.54. The extra money is carried over 
into 1927 and will be used to continue carry- 
ing the Gospel to Liao Chou. 

The money that was spent on the field 
was used in the following ways : 

Rent Mex. $ 138.98 

Repairs 586.16 

Boys' School ■ 3,202.90 

Girls' School 2,058.70 

Men's Evangelistic 2,248.34 

Medical 2,790.00 

Language Teacher 221.00 

Chinese Buyer 96.00 

Miscellaneous 130.46 

Total $11,472.54 

These figures of the itemized expenses are 
given in Mexican dollars. This is the name 
of the Chinese dollar. One Mexican dollar 
is worth fifty cents in American money. 
So the amount of American money spent 

would be just half of the number of Mexi- 
can dollars. 

We do not know the total number of 
baptisms, but the children should watch the 
June Missionary Visitor for in it there will 
appear a report of the Liao Chou work. 
The school children at Liao Chou in appre- 
ciation for what the American children have 
done, made Chinese flags which were shipped 
to the mission rooms at Elgin and from here 
they have been sent out to every Junior 
leader for distribution to the children who 

The new project for 1927 is called, li Our 
Black Brothers." The children are asked to 
contribute all the money necessary for the 
Africa mission, exclusive of missionary sup- 
ports and building program. While the re- 
sponses from the children seemed good in 
1926, yet less than two hundred churches 
took part. We have a thousand congrega- 
tions and wonderful work could be done if 
all would participate. 


Center Sunday-school, of Northeastern 
Ohio, sent $61.00 for Liao Chou, China, pro- 
ceeds from twenty-six quarters which the 

Some Marylanders Who Worked for the 


The Missionary Visitor 


children had invested. The amount was 
raised through the medium of chickens, po- 
tatoes, pickles, mangoes, beets, tomatoes, 
corn, picking berries, washing dishes, run- 
ning errands, etc. Sunday afternoon, Nov. 
21, 1926, the children brought their earnings 
in envelopes, and after singing " Little 
Givers," deposited their offering and told 
how they had earned the same. This was 
followed by an address by a returned mis- 
sionary. Mrs. Savilla Taylor, 
703 S. Chapel St. Mission Secretary. 


Enclosed find check for $13.40 from the 
primary department of the Washington 
Creek Sunday-school for the Liao Chou 
mission work. We were not organized till 
the last quarter of 1926, and then it was 
too late to raise produce or chickens. So 
we adopted the plan of selling Scripture 
text calendars, and the boys and girls went 
to work with a will. We are planning to 
do better work during 1927 for Africa. 
Mrs. Clyde I. Seitz, 
Department Superintendent. 

It is splendid to have a cause to live for 
as well as to die for. The most pitiful 
life is the aimless life. 

Bobby Murray, with Billy, His Bantam Rooster 

Bobby says he is going to raise a lot of bantams 
for mission money when he gets bigger. Picture 
sent by his mother, who is the wife of the pastor 
of Ft. McKinley church, Dayton, Ohio, Rev. D, K, 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have been reading the letters 
for a long time. I think the Juniors have gone on 
a strike, so I will help them out. We live in the 
oldest city of Tennessee, and the inn where Andrew 
Jackson stayed is still standing. He made a speech 
on the porch while running for president. The 
Brethren church stands now where Col. Jackson's 
house stood. The oak trees are still there. I hope 
a lot of the Juniors will write to me. Lynn Clark. 

West Main St., Jonesboro, Tenn. 

That makes the study of history easy and in- 
teresting, doesn't it? You can take your book 
right to the spot, and write additional notes on 
the margin, that even the historian didn't know 
about, maybe! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am writing to thank you 
for the game " Livingstone " which I received a 
few weeks ago. I have enjoyed playing it ever 
since. Played my first game the night after I got 
it. You ask what I was going to do with the 
other nine-tenths. We had the misfortune of get- 
ting our home burned down in 1925, so I gave it 
to my father to help replace our home. I sure do 
thank you for the prize — the game. 

Wirtz, Va. Margaret Flora. 

What an unlucky burning! How did it happen? 
Were any of you in danger? How is the new home 
coming on? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: We sure enjoy the game and 
thank you very much for sending it. Earl and I 
are twins. We made the boxes together. We took 
the game to the church and explained about it. 
Some of the Sunday-school members would like to 
know if they could buy a few games. We are 
thirteen years old. _ We would like to know if we 
could get a job building bird-houses at a per cent 
and give the rest to the Mission Board. Could you 
help us get orders? 

Earl and Ernest Ikenberry. 

819 N. Poplar St., Ottawa, Kans. 

Oh, yes, any one can buy the game " Livingstone." 
Just send sixty cents to the Brethren Publishing 
House, Elgin, 111. Our readers will take note of 
your desire, and maybe you will hear from some 
of them about your bird-houses. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: This is my second letter. I 
am eleven years old. My birthday is Feb. 26. I 
joined the church last summer. There were five 
others joined when I did. Mrs. Haney is my Sun- 
day-school teacher. Rev. Haney is our pastor. 
Forest Robeson is our public school teacher. I am 
in the seventh grade. I expect to pass out this 
spring. Oh, yes! ever since last spring we were 
earning missionary money. Altogether we earned 
$23.56. On Dec. 19 - we had a Christmas and mis- 
sionary program combined. We gave our money 
for Liao Chou, China. We were very willing to 
do this. I have two # brothers and one sister. I 
wish some of the Junior girls would write to me. 
I surely would be glad to answer. Mary Merrill. 

Lonaconing, Md., R. 1, Box 18. 

One can generally do good work when he likes 
his teachers. We are expecting big things from 
you this season for. the Africa mission. The an- 
swer to your puzzle has already been printed in 
Our Boys and Girls. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I enter your circle? I 
have never written before, but I enjoy reading your 
letters from the Juniors. I am fourteen years old 
and in the eighth grade. My daddy is my teacher. 
Our pastor and wife, Rev. and Mrs. D. R. Murray, 
teach the Bible all day on Monday at school. Our 
Sunday-school teacher, Mrs. Eikenberry, helped us 
organize. Our class name is " Truth Seekers," 
which I think is a very good name for us. All in 
our class belong to the Church of the Brethren 
except one. _ I like to go to Sunday-school very 
much. I missed only _ one Sunday last year. I 
wish some of the Juniors would write to me. 

Dayton, Qhio, R. 13. Mildred M. Etter. 


The Missionary Visitoi 


Vour penmanship and punctuation are very neat 
indeed, Mildred. Have this chair by the hearth. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I join your circle? I will 
be thirteen years old in June. I am in seventh 
grade at the public school. I belong to the Brethren 
church, and often read the Junior Missionary. I 
have four sisters and three brothers, and also a 
very good friend who goes to Pine View school. 
Her name is Belva Buck. I would like to have 
some girls write to me. Ruth Hunt. 

Franklin Grove, 111. 

Our circle is very elastic. We can always stretch 
it to let in one more. Bring your friends along. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am eleven years old and in 
the sixth grade. I belong to the church. My 
father is a minister, and also my oldest brother, 
who goes to Bridgewater College. I have three 
brothers and one little sister three years old. My 
Grandfather Ikenberry died a year ago last October, 
and my grandmother lives with us. We go to the 
Brick church. We have a Junior League organized, 
and I enjoy it very much. My teacher is Mrs. 
Ollie Ikenberry. Kathryn Peters. 

Wirtz, Va. 

What is your minister-brother's first name? I 
should think some of the girls would be glad to 
write to you. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am nine years old. I go to 
the Hartville school and am in the fourth grade. 
In my studies I like reading and English. I go to 
the Brethren church, but am not a member yet. I 
am in the Junior class. Our name is the " Sun- 
beam " class. I have one sister and three brothers 
all older than I am. I live in town. 

Hartville, Ohio, Box 66. Betty Kinsley.. 

" Sunbeam " is a bright name. Wouldn't it be 
wonderful if the members of yous class would go 
around with faces looking like Moses — all shiny — 
because he had been so close to God up in the 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I go to Weston mountain 
school. I'm in the fifth grade. In my school studies 
I like hygiene and spelling best. My sister, thirteen, 
is in the eighth grade, and my brother is in the 
second. I am ten years old. I live on a farm. There 
are thirteen in our Junior class at Sunday-school. 
My mama is my teacher. I haven't missed a Sun- 
day for a year, and when I did I was sick. 

Weston, Oregon. Lois Tucker. 

It seems to be fashionable not to miss Sunday- 
school. That is one thing in which it is fine to be 
in style! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am eleven years old and 
in the sixth grade. I am the youngest of the family 
— one sister and two brothers. We all belong to 
the church. We had a nice trip from Idaho to 
Kansas. We went oyer the Rocky Mountains, and 
came through Wyoming and Colorado. We stopped 
at Denver and saw the animals in the park. We 
especially enjoyed seeing the bears eat peanuts. My 
grandma is here visiting. She is from Minnesota, 
and will soon go back. My oldest brother is going 
to McPherson College, and I expect to go too. Soon 
as I get through college I want to study and go 
to China as a missionary. Lolamae Beckwith. 

Conway, Kans., R. 2. 

You have laid out a fine program, and I hope you 
will have health of body and mind to carry out your 
plans. I have heard that Wyoming is a very mo- 
notonous country. Did you see anything interesting 
there? »j *j 


Dissected Word 

I am composed of seventeen letters. 
My 7, 5, 6, 4, is to take care of. 
My 4, 3, 1, 2, is powdered soil. 

My 10, 9, 8, 14, is a strong affection. 
My 13, 11, 12, 15, is a melody. 
My 16, 15, 17, 13, is repose. 

My 1, 2, 16, 14, 5, 7, is a road through a city. 
My 8, 5, 6, 7, is a small aperture. 
My 10, 9, 11, 17, 14, is a disagreeable insect. 
My 2, 16, 3, 1, 13, is to have faith in. 
My 17, 7, 14, 5, 16, is to guide. 

My 13, 11, 12, 6, 5, 10, is an underground passageway. 
My 4, 16, 9, 8, 15, is a collection of cattle. 
My whole is an enthusiastic organization which fur- 
nishes most of our missionaries. 

Cities Where Foreign Missionaries Are Working 

1. Lank saver. 5. A dark dig. 

2. U coo hail. 6. Lag harp. 

3. All or Jap. 7. Al maul. 

4. O gay Huns. 8. A aunty I. 

(Answers next month) 


The First Names of Our Africa Missionaries. — 1. 

William. 2. Esther. 3. Earl. 4. Ella. 5. Paul. 6. 
Verda. 7. Clara. 8. Clarence. 9. Lucile. 10. Albert. 
11. Lola. 12. Stover. 13. Floyd. 14. Ruth. 15. 
Homer. 16. Marguerite. 17. Sara. 

Missionary Vegetables.— 1. Turnips. 2. Potatoes. 3. 
Carrots. 4. Tomatoes. 5. Onions. 6. Lima beans. 7. 
Cucumbers. 8. Radishes. 


Every boy should know where to find: 

The Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6). 

The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20). 

The Beatitudes (Matthew 5). 

Paul's conversion (Acts 9). 

Christ's Great Prayer (John 17). 

Abiding chapter (John 15). 

Resurrection chapter (1 Corinthians 15). 

Shepherd chapter (John 10). 

Love chapter (1 Corinthians 13). 

Tongue chapter (James 3). 

Armor chapter (Ephesians 6). 

Travelers' Psalm (Psalm 121). 

Bible study (Psalm 119). 

Greatest verse (John 3: 16). 

Greatest initiation (Revelation 17; Isa. 55:1). 

Rest verse (Matt. 11 : 28). 

Consecration verse (Romans 12: 1). 

Workers' verse (2 Timothy 2: 15). 

Another workers' verse (Psalm 126: 6). 

Teachers' verse (Daniel 12: 3). 

Great Commission (Mark 1 : 15). 

Christ's last command (Acts 1 : 8). 

— The Kansas Messenger. 

•^w «<?» 

Correction — The Junior League work reported by 
Ernest B. Craun in the February (1927) Visitor 
should have been credited to the Summit congrega- 
tion instead of Weyers Cave. 

The Black Tents: A Junior Play of Life 
Among Bedouins in Syria, by Florence Cran- 
nell Means, 15 pp. Friendship Press, New 
York, 1926. Price, 25 cents. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1926. As of February 28, 1927, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 28, 1927, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1926 $279,152.91 

(The 1926 Budget of $382,775.00 is 72.9% raised, 
whereas it should be 100%) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on Feb- 
ruary 28, 1927: 

Income since March 1, 1926, $315,180.40 

Income same period last year, 318,222.02 

Expense since March 1, 1926, 313,948.83 

Expense same period last year, 305,949.12 

Mission deficit February 28, 1927 8,884.61 

Mission deficit January 31, 1927, 4,723.94 

Increase in deficit for February, 1927, 4,160.67 

Tract Distribution: During the month of January 
the Board sent out 638 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 15: See March, 1927, Visitor— under 
Junior League 1926. Credit of $40.10 to Pleasant 
View, No. Va., should instead be to First Va. 

January Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during January: 

Arizona— $13.29 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 13.29 

Arkansas— $2.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary J. Babb & 

Daughter, 2.00 

California— $505.71 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $17.68; Raisin 
City, $24.82; McFarland, $37.94; S. S.: Live 
Oak, $5.41; Elk Creek, $3.25; Figarden, $54.98; 
Oakland, $52.02, 196.10 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pomona, $17; E. San 
Diego, $26.65; Covina, $120.15; Long Beach, 
$25; Inglewood, $10.46; Glendora, $87.85; J. M. 
Wyne (Santa Ana) $10; Sarah Gnagey (Pasa- 
dena) $10; S. S.: Hermosa Beach, $2.50, .... 309.61 
Canada— $61.50 

Cong.: Bow Valley, $56; J. H. Brubaker 
(M. N.) (Bow Valley) $.50; S. S. : "The 

Stars" Class (1st Irricana) $5, 61.50 

Colorado— $131.41 

E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $22.50; Miami, 
$31.20; S. S.: Denver, $15, 68.70 

W. Dist., Cong.: 1st. Grand Valley, 62.71 

Florida— $12.39 

S. S.: Sebring, $10.39; Indv.: Mrs. H. Etta 

Hoke, $2, 12.39 

Hawaii— $1.00 

Indv.: Earl W. Roop, 1.00 

Idaho— $22.50 

Cong.: Frank J. DeCoursey & Family 
(Nampa) $20; L. Clanin (Clearwater) $2.50, 22.50 

Illinois— $699.52 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $20.88; Chelsea, 
$22.10; Yellow Creek, $33.06; Lanark, $8.54; 
West Branch, $29.06; Sterling, $52.86; Mt. 
Morris, $98.76; C. C. Price, (Polo) $25; Mrs. 
W. W. Lehman (Dixon) $.90; No. 95186 
(Franklin Grove) $25; A Brother & Wife 
(Mt. Morris) $20; G. G. Canfield (M. N.) 
(Rockford) $.50; Chas. D. Bonsack (M. N.) 
(Elgin) $.50; Chas. D. Bonsack & Wife (El- 
gin) $60; A. H. and Jane Stauffer (Polo) 
$10; Cecile Downing (1st Chicago) $10; Mrs. 
Lydia Bricknell (Freeport) $3; S. S.: Free- 
port, $27.82; Milledgeville, $16.87; Sterling, 
$5.19; Batavia, $3.97 474.01 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, $4.20; Girard, 
$120.91; Romine, $3.56; S. S.: Allison Prairie, 
$12.08; Astoria, $74.76; Aid Soc: Woodland, 
$10, 225.51 


Indiana— $1,959.85 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roann, $49.74; Portland, 
$30; Lower Deer Creek, $4.05; W. Eel River, 
$1; Flora, $382.67; West Manchester, $134.30; 
Eel River, $70.99; Plunge Creek Chapel, $9.04; 
Clear Creek, $26.86; W. C. Stinebaugh (M. N.) 
(Pipe Creek) $.50; Otho Winger (M. N.) 
(Manchester) $.50; J. B. Bailey & Wife 
(Huntington City) $2; S. S. : Ogans Creek, 
$20.36; Hickory Grove, $141.51; Manchester, 
$720; Indv.: Elizabeth Christman, $1, 1,594.52 

No. Dist., Cong.: English Prairie, $26: 
Baugo, $14.26; Bethany, $21.77; Blue River, 
$12; New Salem, $52; No. Winona, $26; A 
Sister of Nappanee, $4.50; No. 95366 (Elkhart) 
$25; No. 95125 (La Porte) $5; Ethel L. Cripe 
(W. Goshen) $10; S. S. : Auburn, $6.79; Pine 
Creek (W. Goshen) $8.91; Oak Grove, $12.90; 
Indv.: Wm. H. Eiler (M. N.) $.50, 225.63 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $19.77; Laura 
E. Lynch (White) $5.70; S. S.: Mt. Pleasant, 
$22.32; Grace (Indianapolis) $32.18; Maple 

Grove, $10; Four Mile, $49.73, 139.70 

Iowa— $391.68 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Coon River, $20.60; Mrs. 
C. K. Burkholder (Bagley) $20; A Friend 
(Dallas Center) $100; Elizabeth Rhodes (Dal- 
las Center) $100; S. S.: Coon River, $36.40; 
Cedar, $6.28; Central Section of Middle Iowa 
Churches, $5.95; Eastern Section of Middle 
Iowa Churches, $5; Indv.: Edwin L. West, 
$49, 343.23 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $19.45; O. E. 
Messamer & Wife (Spring Creek) $5; A. M. 
Sharp & Wife (Spring Creek) $5; Paul Hoff 
(So. Waterloo) $2, 31.45 

So. Dist., S. S.: No. English, 17.00 

Kansas— $953.75 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington, $15.84; 
Calvary (Kans. City) $12; Ottawa, $63.72; 
Richland . Center, $23.25; Morrill, $150; Ap- 
panoose, $25.35; W. A. Kinzie (M. N.) (Kan- 
sas City) $.50; Mary Weybright (Overbrook) 
$1.90; C. A. Shank (Abilene) $1; E. B. Shuss 
(Sabetha) $10; S. S.: Ottawa, $17.22; Wade 
Branch, $15; Overbrook, $11.25; "Live Wire" 
Class (Appanoose) $16; Buckeye, $1; C. W. 
S.: Appanoose, $7, 371.03 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. Solomon, $5.19; 
Pearl E. Rhine (Quinter) $2.50, 7.69 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: E. W. Waas (Gales- 
burg) $508; Mrs. Anna Patteson (Independ- 
ence) $2; In Memory of the Wife and Mother 
of W. H. and Orlin Sell (Fredonia) $5; S. S. : 
Galesburg, $30; Indv.: S. C. Gilbert, $10; 
W. B. Worford & Wife, $2, 557.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Monitor, $3.55; Ida 
Frantz Brubaker (W. Wichita) $10; S. S.: 

Primary Dept. (Monitor) $4.48, 18.03 

Mary land— $651 .60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Sams Creek, $25; Wm. E. 
Roop & Wife (Meadow Branch) $25; S. S. : 
S. S.'s of Monocacy, $8; Pleasant Hill (Bush 
Creek) $2.50, 60.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $9.10; 
Hagerstown, $500; Broadfording, $20; Earl C. 
Witter & Wife (Welsh Run) $12; S. S. : 
" Willing Workers " Class (Pleasant View) 
$5, 546.10 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, 45.00 

Michigan— $92.75 

Cong.: Vestaburg, $6; Beaverton, $9.40; 
Battle Creek, $26.24; Elmdale, $21.53; Grand 
Rapids, $2.35; Zion, $5.03; Woodland Village, 
$2.81; Harlan, $5; R. J. McRoberts (Thorn- 
apple) $1; Sarah Long (Thornapple) $1; S. S.: 
Sisters' Bible Class (Beaverton) $6; Grand 
Rapids, $6.39, 92.75 


The Missionary Visitor 


Minnesota— $49.83 

Cong.: Lewiston, $7.75; Bethel, $15.13; S. 

S.: Root River, $26.95, 49.83 

Missouri— $104.52 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Warrensburg, $2.10; Erne 
Long (Kansas City) $60, 62.10 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. St. Joseph, $14.50; 
Pleasant View, $8.87 23.37 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Jasper, $6.55; S. S. : 
Fairview, $7.50; Indv.: Rebecca Mays, $5, 19.05 
Nebraska— $41.04 

Cong.: Octavia, $2; Falls City, $5; Afton. 
$7; Enders, $7.42; A Helper (Silver Lake) 
$10; S. S. : Lincoln, $5.56; Enders, $3.06; Aid 

Soc, Enders, $1, 41.04 

New Mexico— $39.04 

S. S.: Clovis, 39.04 

North Dakota— $71.51 

Cong.: Minot, $14.77; S. S. : Survey, $30; 
Cando, $13.54; Kenmare, $10; S. S.: Egeland, 

$3.20, 71.51 

Ohio— $1,5*4.51 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Zion Hill, $76.50; Read- 
ing, $27.25; Springfield, $52.75; Canton ten- 
ter, $16; Black River, $70; Danville, $117.74; 
No. 95627 (Mohican) $25; Etta S. Helman 
(Richland) $2; Mrs. Sarah A. Dupler (Olivet) 
$5; S. S.:Owl Creek, $4.78; Springfield, $21.81; 
Canton Center, $33.96; Baltic, $60; Beech 
Grove, (Chippewa) $62.55, 575.34 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Dupont, $3.30; Defiance. 
$38.65; Three families of Greenspring, $40; 
S. S.: Sugar Creek, $20.10; Indv.: No. 95494, 
$60, 162.05 

So. Dist., Cong.: $97; Painter Creek, S59.-H; 
West Branch, $3.64; W. Alexandria, $24.07; 
Union City, $14.60; Ft. McKinley, $41.50; 
Cincinnati, $32.78; Bear Creek, $31.46; Salem, 
$59.42; S. S. : Ft. McKinley, S7.79; Harris 
Creek, $4.70; Happy Corner (Lower Still- 
water) $74.83; Greenville, $3.52; Pitsburg, 
$18.61; Poplar Grove, $36.64; Bethel (Salem) 
$337.62; Indv.: Catherine Beath, $2; Levi 

Stoner, $7.50, 847.12 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Cong.: Washita, 10.00 

Oregon— $92.84 

Cong.: Portland, $6.68; Bandon, $11; Myrtle 
Point, $27.14; Bro. Wisecarver (Grants Pass) 
$2; S. S.: Ashland, $16.01; Grants Pass, $30, 92.84 
Pennsylvania— $6,523.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mechanic Grove, $3; Eliza- 
bethtown, $1,449.64; E. Petersburg, $43.22; 
Mingo, $100.85; Ridgely, $17.11; Unknown 
donor of Elizabethtown, $2; D. E. Fox (Har- 
risburg) $50; Simon P. Shirk (Ephrata) $10; 
Manor (Mountville) $40; S. S.: Mountville, 
$11.94; Richland, $57.10; E. Petersburg, $11.38; 
Myerstown, $20; E. Fairview, $25.50; Reading, 
$128.81; S. S.: Mingo, $60; Mechanic Grove, 
$76.77; Indian Creek, $50.53; Heidleberg, 
$20.18; Hatfield, $118.06; Harrisburg, $35; 
Young Women's Class (W. Conestoga) $5; 
Conewago, $11.12; Earlville (Conestoga) $77.46; 
"Gleaners" Class (Akron) $5; Hummelstown 
(Spring Creek) $18.74; Spring Creek, $6.95; 
Kemper's (Spring Grove) $30; Manheim 
(White Oak) $58; Indv.: A Sister $10 2,553.36 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $475.80; Rep- 
logle (Woodbury) $42.76; Holsinger (Wood- 
bury) $7.24; Curryville (Woodbury) $10.56; 
Martinsburg (Clover Creek) $83.10; Clover 
Creek, $25.75; Cross Roads (Clover Creek) 
$10.64; Burnham, $25; Huntingdon, 
Juniata Park, $9; A. B. Mock (Clover Creek) 
$2; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; 
M. S. Henry (Altoona) $.90; A Brother 
(Spring Valley) $25; A. B. Wakefield (Augh- 
wick) $2; J. M. Pittenger (Huntingdon) $.25; 
F. H. Mohr & Wife (Woodbury) $15; S. S. : 
Sugar Run (Aughwick) $6.70; Curryville 
(Woodbury) $70.50; Maitland (Dry Valley) 
$4.20; Yellow Creek, $6.81; Replogle (Wood- 
bury) $17.25; Cherry Lane, $8.59; Bellwood, 
$43.59; Huntingdon, $200; Spring Mount 
(Warriors Mark) $27.34; Smithfield, $25.66; 
Burnham, $13.39; Carson Valley, $4.61; Indv.: 
Ellen S. Strauser, $1 1,679.64 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Norristown, $19.35; Cov- 
entry, $117.31; Parkerford, $37.59; Bethany 
(Phila.) $47; 1st Phila., $223.94; German- 
town (Phila.) $93.99; S. S. : Quakertown 
(Springfield) $28.31; Parker Ford, $68; Norris- 
town, $18.63, 654.12 

So. Dist., Cong.: Buffalo, $24; Pleasant Hill, 
$60; Upper Conewago, $67.95; Newville (Upper 
Cumberland) $7.39; Marsh Creek, $49; Antie- 
tam, $16; Ellen Hersey (York) $25; James 
M. Moore (M. N.) (Waynesboro) $.50; Robert 
S. Krout (New Fairview) $2; D. E. Brandt 
(Upper Conewago) $60; H. B. Dicks & Fam- 
ily (Upper Conewago) $3; S. S.: Three 
Springs (Perry) $3.20; Melrose (Upper Co- 
dorus) $4.80; Brown's Mill (Falling Spring) 
$4.02; Pleasant Hill (Codorus) $2.27; Waynes- 
boro, $589.18; Newville (Upper Cumberland) 
$15.98; New Fairview, $16.96; Hanover, $6.13; 
Dorcas Soc: Waynesboro, $20, 977.38 

W. Dist., Cong.: Scalp Level, $35.71; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $140; Morrellville, $125; Red Bank, 
S83.45; Uniontown (Georges Creek) $105.16; 
R. E. Reed (Mt. Union) $20; J. W. Wegley 
(M. N.) (Somerset) $1; No. 95276 (Montgom- 
ery) $6.50; Mrs. Edw. Donahey (Montgomery) 
$3; Mrs. Sadie Wareham (Pittsburgh) $3.65; 
D. P. Hoover & Family (Rummel) $100; S. 
S.: Wilpen (Ligonier) $8.20; "Be True for 
Christ" Class (Locust Grove) $5.50; "Willing 
Helpers" Class, Diamondville (Manor) $15; 
Christian Endeavor: Pleasant Hill, $2.60; 

Indv.: Alice Mummert, $4, 658.77 

Tennessee — $14.20 

Cong.: Johnson City, $9.70; S. S. : Johnson 

City, $4.50, 14.20 

Texas— $29.70 

Cong.: Manvel, $22; J. A. Miller (Falfur- 
rias) $5.80; Indv.: Mrs. Julia Sandy, $1.90, 29.70 
Virginia— $985.94 

E. Dist., Cong.: Valley, $4S.16; Mt. Carmel, 
S37.73; Midland, $13.38; Manassas, $64.48; 
H. S. Knight (Mt. Carmel) $1; Indv.: Helen 
L. Sandaal, $12, 176.75 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Sallie E. Pursley 
(Mt. Joy) $4.50; S. S.: Terrace View, $114.31; 
S. S.: Cloverdale, $92.46, 211.27 

No. Dist., Cong.: L T pper Lost River, $7.65; 
Mt. Zion, $44.73; Timberville, $54.90; Flat 
Rock, $31.12; Salem, $8; Greenmount, $8; 
Frank Stultz & Wife (Crab Run-Upper Lost 
River) $10; S. S.: Bible Class (Linville 
Creek) $45; Fairview, (Unity) $3.20; Valley 
Pike (Woodstock) $45.93, 258.53 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Summit, $31.41; Pleasant 
Valley, $140; Geo. R. Robertson (Chimney 
Run) $2.20; C. R. Sheets & Wife and W. J. 
Shull & Wife (Moscow) $10; Mrs. Bettie 
Harnsberger (Barren Ridge) $67.32; Jane 
A. Zimmerman & Sister (Sangerville) $15; 
S. S.: Sangerville, $31.87; Indv.: Mattie V. 
Caricofe, $.50 298.30 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $5.83; 
Shelton, $3.60; Mrs. Pauline Nolley (Chris- 
tiansburg) $10; Mrs. W. H. Lintecum (Coul- 
son) $4.66; Margaret McGee (Coulson) $1; 
S. S. : Christiansburg, $11.65; Boone Chapel 

(Snow Creek) $4.35, 41.09 

Washington— $68.10 

Cong.: Omak, $15.56; Tacoma, $17.65; 
Olympia, $27.89; John W. Graybill (Wen- 
atchee Valley) $5; Indv.: J. E. Bosserman, 
$2 68.10 

West Virginia— $94.35 

First Dist., Cong.: Greenland, $17.35; Eglon, 
$15; Old Furnace, $10; Wm. Flory & Wife 
(Tearcoat) $5; Indv.: Mrs. D. M. Shumaker, 
$3; D. J. Simmons, $10, 60.35 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: M. C. Czigan (Pleasant 
Valley) $5; Doddridge Co. Bank (Pleasant 
Valley) $10; Aid Soc: Valley River, $10; 
Indv.: Wm. McNemar, $5; Jesse Judy, $4, .. 34.00 
Wisconsin— $18.52 

Cong.: White Rapids, $15; S. S. : Maple 
Grove, $2; White Rapids, $1.52, 18.52 

Total for the month, $15,226.32 


The Missionary Visitor 



Total previously reported, 66,688.93 

Total for the year, $81,915.25 

Illinois— $33.17 

No. Dist., S. S.: Louisa (Waddams Grove) $ 33.17 
Kansas— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Servants of the Mas- 
ter" Class (Morrill), 50.00 

Louisiana— $8.92 

S. S.: Roanoke, 8.92 

Maryland— $68.91 

E. Dist., S. S.: Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 
$15.91; Westminster (Meadow Branch) $53, .. 68.91 
Missouri— $3.18 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 3.18 

Ohio— $4.39 

So. Dist., S. S.: Painter Creek, ... 4.39 

Pen n sy 1 vania— $9.34 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: James Creek, 1.57 

W. Dist., S. S.: Diamondville (Manor), .. 7.77 

Virginia— $57.68 

E. Dist., S. S.: Nokesville, 38.71 

Sec. Dist., S. S. Bridgewater, 18.97 

Total for the month, $ 235.59 

Total previously reported, 1,449.13 

Total for the year $1,684.72 

China— $5.00 

Indv.: Dr. D. L. Horning, $ 5.00 

Indiana— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Nora E. Seitner (Roann), 2.00 

Total for the month, $ 7.00 

Total previously reported, 56.00 

Total for the year, $ 63.00 

California — $75.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 75.00 

Illinois— $233.50 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 103.50 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 130.00 

Indiana — $37.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc. : Peru, 7.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 30.00 

Kansas— $49.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Soc: McPherson, $25; 
Pleasant View, $9; Bloom, $4.50; Larned 

Rural $10.50, 49.00 

Louisiana— $10.00 

Aid Soc: Roanoke, 10.00 

Maryland— $110.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 110.00 

Michigan — $20.00 

Aid Societies, 20.00 


Aid Soc: So. Beatrice, 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $130.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Spring Creek 5.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Brooklyn, $10; 
Bethany (Phila.) $15; Norristown, $10; Park- 
erford, $20 55.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 70.00 

Total for the month, $ 689.50 

Total previously reported, 3,630.52 

Total for the year, $4,320.02 

Illinois— $6.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $ 6.00 

Iowa— $200.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: A Brother & Sister, .... 200.00 
Mar y land— $10 .00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, 10.00 

Ohio— $17.42 

So. Dist., Cong.: Springfield, 17.42 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

Cong.: Mary E. Williams (Paradise Prairie), 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $32.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lebanon (Midway), 30.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mary Bixler (York), ... 2.00 

Virginia— $64.48 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas, 64.48 

Total for the month, $ 334.90 

Total previously reported, 1,075.09 

Total for the year, $1,409.99 

Pennsylvania— $118.05 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Soul Winners" Class 

(Spring Run), $ 5.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: 1st Philadelphia, 31.80 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers Organ- 
ized Intermediate Class " (East Berlin-Upper 
Conewago) $25; Young People's Organized 

Class (Upper Conewago) $14, 39.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Robert Haynes 
(Roxbury) $25; S. S. : Purchase Line (Manor) 

$17.25, 42.25- 

Virginia— $74.48 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas, 64.48 

Sec Dist., Cong.: Chas. B. Gibbs (Chimney 
Run), 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 192.53 

Total previously reported, 421.38 

Total for the year, $ 613.91 

Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Gnagy (1st 

Chicago), $ 10.00 

Kansas— $31.63 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Junior & Intermediate 
Dept. (Ottawa), 14.63 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Katie Schul (Fredonia) 

$15; Indv.: Mrs. E. L. Baiter, $2, 17.00 

Michigan— $60.19 

S. S.: Lake View, 60.19 

Ohio— $5.43 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 5.43 

Oklahoma— $3.00 

Indv.: Bertha Ryan Shirk, $2; Mrs. G. E. 

Wales, $1, 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $44.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: No. 95271 (Maiden Creek), 25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Busy Bee" Class 
(Bannerville-Dry Valley), 5.50 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Harmony ville, 6.55 

So. Dist., S. S.: Black Rock (Upper 

Codorus), 7.22 

Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., Cong.: C. E. Boone (Bluefield), 5.06 

Total for the month, $ 159.52 

Total previously reported, 4,286.95 

Total for the year, $4,446.47 

Calif ornia— $141 .32 

No. Dist., S. S.: Children (Lindsay) $77.13; 
Junior Dept. (Oakland) $8.52; Intermediates, 
Juniors, & Primaries (Waterford) $51,92; 

D. V. B. S.: Laton, $3.75, $ 141.32 

Colorado— $48.88 

E. Dist., S. S.: Juniors (Rocky Ford) $25; 

Boys and Girls (Wiley) $23.88, 48.88 

Florida— $7.25 

C. W. S.: Junior-Intermediate (Sebring), 7.25 

Idaho— $4.47 

S. S.: Winchester, 4.47 

Illinois— $242.38 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Morris, $124.97; Louisa 
(Waddams Grove) $15.50; Junior League 
(Dixon) $6; Small Children (Yellow Creek) 
$22.40; Children (Polo) $30.75; Children (Mil- 
ledgeville) $40.76, 240.38 

So, Dist., Cong.: Jacob Elder and Hugh 


The Missionary Visitor 


Fry (Allison Prairie), 2.00 

Indiana— $589.89 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Manchester, $280; Pri- 
mary Dept. (Plunge Creek Chapel) $26; Chil- 
dren (West Manchester) $41.32, 347.32 

No. Dist., S. S.: Boys and Girls (Rock 
Run) $174.62; Children (Auburn) $6.30; Junior 
Class, (Lake View-LaPorte) $1.14; Blissville, 
$3 185.06 

So. Dist., Junior League, Four Mile, 57.51 

Iowa— $209.09 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Boys and Girls (Pleasant 
View-Cedar), .. 16.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $71.84; S. S.: 
Children (Greene) $1; Junior Dept. (So. 
Waterloo) $54.95; Intermediate Dept. (So. 

Waterloo) $65.05, 192.84 

Kansas— $223.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : "Comrades Band" 
(Ottawa) $22.76; Junior Dept. (Morrill) $60; 
Primary Dept. (Morrill) $85.83; Intermediate 
Dept. (Morrill) $50, 218.59 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Paul Showalter (Pleas- 
ant View) $2.61; S. S.: Junior Band (Garden 

City) $1.80, 4.41 

Maryland— $59.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Junior 
& Primary Classes (Bush Creek) $40.13; S. 
S.'s of Monocacy, $1.12, 41.25 

Mid. Dist., Junior League (Pleasant View), 18.50 
Michigan— $70.00 

S. S.: Junior Dept. (Grand Rapids) $3; 

Children (Lake View) $67, 70.00 

Minnesota— $18.76 

S. S.: Hancock, 18.76 

Missouri— $80.14 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Happy Hill, 3.70 

No. Dist., S. S.: Boys and Girls (Smith 

Fork) $63.99; No. St. Joseph, $12.45, 76.44 

Nebraska— $181.59 

S. S.: Juniors (Bethel) $61.45; Children 

(So. Beatrice) $120.14 181.59 

Ohio— $448.96 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Olivet, $33.50; Children 
(Black River) $11.68 45.18 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary & Junior Dept. 
(Greenspring) $8.87; Boys and Girls (Belle- 
fontaine) $5.24, 14.11 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $39.13; S. S. : 
Bethel $121; Donnels Creek, $55.60; "Com- 
rades " Class (Cincinnati) $10; " Willing 
Workers" Class (Oakland) $43.10; Junior 
Class (Upper Twin) $2; Junior Dept. (West 
Alexandria) $46.25; Children (West Branch) 
$20.60; Prices Creek, $50.74; Primary Dept. 

(Ft. McKinley) $1.25, 389.67 

Oklahoma— $31.65 

S. S.: Children (Washita), 31.65 

Pennsylvania — $416.21 

E. Dist., S. S. : Hummelstown (Spring 
Creek) $8.75; Ridgely, $37.72, 46.47 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: New Enterprise, $138.65; 
Juniors of Waterside (New Enterprise) $8.35; 
Children's Division (Lewistown) $89, 236.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers" Class, 
Quakertown (Springfield) $16.30; Primary 
League of Junior Christian Endeavor Soc. 
(Germantown-Phila.) $13.40, 29.70 

So. Dist., S. S.: "The Comrades" Class, 
Browns Mill (Falling Spring) $42.77; Florence 
P. Sellers, Black Rock (Upper Codorus) $3; 
C. W. S.: Junior (Waynesboro) $25, 70.77 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Rainbow" Class (Mt. 
Joy) $2.50; Children (Red Bank) $30.77, .... 33.27 
Tennessee — $11.45 

S. S.: Children (Knob Creek), 11.45 

Texas— $45.65 

Cong.: Ft. Worth, 45.65 

Virginia— $80.79 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hiram, Jacob & Barbara 
Zigler (Belmont) $3.40; S. S.: Nokesville, 
$9.60, 13.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Terrace View, 20.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Fairview (Unity) 11.50 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept. (Bridge- 

water) $23.54; Primary Class (Moscow) $5; 

Mt. Vernon, $7.75, 36.29 

Washington— $197.02 

S. S.: Sunnyside, 197.02 

West Virginia— $35.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Children of Maple Spring 
(Eglon), 35.00 

Total for the month, $3,143.25 

Total previously reported, 4,190.93 

Total for the year $7,334.18 

Delaware— $25 .00 

Indv.: Wm. A. and Elizabeth Hochstedler, $ 25.00 
Pennsylvania— $257.85 

E. Dist., S. S.: Kemper's (Spring Grove), 28.35 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $15; S. S.: 
1st Philadelphia, $5; Royersford, $185, 205.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Quinter Wegley & Family 
(Moxham) $5; S. S.: " The Jewel Class " (Mt. 
Joy) (for work at Umalla) $2; Maple Glen, 
$17.50, 24.50 

Total for the month, $ 282.85 

Total previously reported, 4,203.25 

Total for the year, $4,486.10 

Pennsylvania— $35.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lake Ridge, $ 10.00 

W. Dist., C. W. S.: Adult (Walnut Grove 
-Johnstown), 25.00 

Virginia— $20.00 
Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 55.00 

Total previously reported, 720.42 

Total for the year, $ 775.42 

Indiana— $35.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, $ 35.00 

Kansas — $20.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Larned Rural, $10; 

S. S-: 1st Wichita, $10 20.00 

Michigan— $.05 

Cong.: Beaverton, .05 

Pennsylvania— $109.50 

E. Dist., S. S. : Missionary Worker's Class, 
Lebanon (Midway) $25; Midway, $24.50; 
Florin (West Green Tree) $35, 84.50 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: York, 25.00 

Virginia— $25.00 

Sec. Dist., S. S. : "Winners" Class (Leba- 
non), 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 189.55 

Total previously reported, 1,508.18 

Total for the year, $1,697.73 

Calif ornia— $31 .00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Friendship Bible Class" 

(Pasadena), $ 31.00 

Illinois— $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: M. L. Kimmel (Mt. Mor- 
ris) $25; S. S.: Junior Cong. (Elgin) $25,... 50.00 
Indiana— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lona Swihart (Mexico) 
$25; S. S.: Primary Dept. (Delphi) $25, .... 50.00 
Ohio— $81.25 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Claude G. Vore & 
Wife (Lima) $25; S. S. : Black Swamp, $50, 75.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Golden Rule" Class, 

Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater), 6.25 

Pennsylvania— $437.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Other Folks" Class 
(Hatfield) $25; "The Sunshine Class" (In- 
dian Creek) $4.50 29.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Williamsburg, $50; Rev. 
A. B. Miller & Wife (Lewistown) $50; J. M. 
Pittenger & Wife (Huntingdon) $50; S. S.: 


The Missionary Visitor 


Roaring Spring, $50; Snake Spring, $50; 
" Willing Workers " Class (Snake Spring) 
$50; " Sunshine Class of Girls " (Roaring 
Spring) $25, 325.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: 1st Philadelphia, $35; 
Grater Missy. Class (Norristown) $25, 60.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Eld. B. F. Lightner & 
Ida M. Lightner (Marsh Creek) $12.50; S. S.: 
Junior Girls' " Sunbeam Class " (Ridge) $10, 22.50 
Tennessee— $75.00 

Cong.: French Broad, $25; W. H. Wine 
(Mountain Valley) $25; S. S. : Young Peo- 
ple's Class (Meadow Branch) $25, 75.00 

Total for the month, $ 724.25 

Total previously reported, 3,312.83 

Total for the year, $4,037.08 


Indiana— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. Clarence Hostetler's 

Junior Class, Oregon (Blissvllle), $ 5.00 

Washington— $24.50 

Cong.: Susie E. Reber (Olympia) $20; S. S.: 
" Cheerful Wigglers " Class (Whitestone) 
$4.50 24.50 

Total for the month, $ 29.50 

Total previously reported, 1,228.74 

Total for the year, $1,258.24 

Oregon— $5.65 

Cong.: Portland, $ 5.65 

Pennsylvania — $42.00 
So. Dist., Aid Soc 42.00 

Total for the month $ 47.65 

Total previously reported, 66.76 

Total for the year, $ 114.41 

Indiana— $11.49 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Busy Bee" Class, 
Antioch (Killbuck), 11.49 

Michigan— $10.00 

S. S.: Marilla, $ 10.00 

Ohio— $53.31 

So. Dist., S. S.: Painter Creek, 53.31 

Pennsylvania— $296.74 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $15; S. S.: 
First Philadelphia, $5; Royersford, $185, .... 205.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hampton (Upper Cone- 
wago) $54.74; S. S. : G. N. Gingrich's Class 
(Waynesboro) $14, 68.74 

W. Dist., Cong.: Ligonier, 23.00 

Tennessee— $12.38 

S. S.: Pleasant Valley (Liao Chou), 12.38 

Virginia— $63.37 

First Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove, 7.00 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Sangerville, 56.37 

Total for the month, $ 447.29 

Total previously reported, 4,285.79 

Total for the year, $4,733.08 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Appanoose, $ 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 30.00 

Total previously reported 471.13 

Total for the year, $ 501.13 

Colorado— $9.97 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, ....$ - 9.97 
Nebraska— $5 .00 
Cong.: A Helper (Silver Lake), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 14.97 

Total previously reported, 29.49 

Total for the year, $ 44.46 

Michigan— $.05 

Cong.: Beaverton, $ .05 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Cong.: A Helper (Silver Lake), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 5.05 

Total previously reported, 96.25 

Total for the month, $ 101.30 

Arizona— $8.89 

S. S.: "Standard Bearers" & "Workers 

for Jesus" Classes (Glendale), $ 8.89 

California— $131.79 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers" Class 
(McFarland), 6.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, $35; 
Santa Ana, $40.54; " Loyal Bible Class " 

(Pasadena) $50, 125.54 

Colorado— $12.50 

E. Dist., C. W. S.: Miami, 12.50 

Maryland— $56.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: A. L. B. Martin & Wife 
(Fulton Ave., Baltimore) $50; S. S. : Mission 
Study Class (Long Green Valley) $6.25, .... 56.25 
Pennsylvania — $68 .75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Rev. A. B. Miller & 
Wife (Lewistown), 50.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Always There" Class 

(Waynesboro), 18.75 

Ohio— $37.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Royal Bible Class (Middle 
District) $12.50; Aid Soc: Eversole, $25, 37.50 

Total for the month, $ 315.68 

Total previously reported, 1,669.66 

Total for the year, $1,985.34 

Ohio— $41.93 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton City, $ 41.93 

Total for the month, $ 41.93 

Total previously reported, 85.05 

Total for the year, $ 126.98 

Pennsylvania— $104.69 

E. Dist., S. S.: Harrisburg, $ 99.69 

S. E. Dist., Royersford, 5.00 

Washington— $20.00 
Cong.: Susie E. Reber (Olympia), 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 124.69 

Total previously reported, 154.50 

Total for the year, $ 279.19 

California— $78.95 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pomona, $19.27; La Verne, 
$57.68; "One Interested" (Inglewood) $2„ ..$ 78.95 
Illinois— $17.79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lila C. Brubaker (1st 
Chicago), 5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: LaPlace (Okaw) 12.79 

Indiana— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Santa Fe, 50.00 

Kansas — $4.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Buckeye, 4.00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Women's Bible Class (Beth- 
any), 25.00 

Ohio— $372.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Danville, $12; District 
Meeting, $260, 272.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Annie May Calvert in 
memory of her brother James Quinter Cal- 
vert (May Hill), 100.00 

Oklahoma — $5.00 

Indv.: Sarah Latimer, 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $1,560.09 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. W. Neal (Pal- 


The Missionary Visitor 


myra) $5; S. S. : " Gleaner's Class " (Ephrata) 

$35.40 40.40 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 95356 (Lewistown), 20.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: 1st Philadelphia, $73.50; 
Royersford, $13.68; S. S. : Royersford, $123.01; 
1st Philadelphia, $51.50; Aid Soc. : Coventry, 
$10; Christian Endeavor Soc: Green Tree, 
$45, 316.69 

So. Dist., Cong.: L. Anna Schwenk (Sugar 
Valley) $50; S. S.: "Always Willing" Class 
(Waynesboro) $1,000; Helping Hand " Class 
(Waynesboro) $68, 1,118.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Class of Girls 
(Walnut Grove-Johnstown) $50; " Willing 
Helpers" Class (Diamondville-Manor) $15, .. 65.00 
Virginia— $14.40 

No. Dist., S. S.: Timberville, 14.40 

Washington— $30.00 

Cong.: Susie E. Reber (Olympia) $20; 
M. A. Verbeck (Okanogan Valley) $10, .... 30.00 

Total for the month, $2,157.23 

Total previously reported, 7,619.03 

Total for the year, $9,776.26 


Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Floyd E. Leeper & 

Wife (Manchester), 25.00 

Mary land— $25 .00 

E. Dist., S. S.: " Live Wire " Class (Wood- 
berry-Baltimore) 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $18.76 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: First Philadelphia, .... 18.76 

Total for the month, $ 68.76 

Total previously reported, 318.75 

Total for the year, $ 387.51 

California— $14.85 

No. Dist., Cong.: Fresno $ 14.85 

Florida— $3.59 

Cong. : Arcadia, 3.59 

Illinois— $23.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Lydia Bricknell 
(Freeport), 3.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A. H. Lind & Wife 
(Astoria) $10; Winfield Ross & Wife (As- 
toria) $10, 20 00 

Indiana— 35.45 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Manchester, 10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. Goshen, $20.45; No. 

Winona, $5, 25.45 

Iowa— $4.93 

No. Dist., S. S.: Curlew, 4.93 

Maryland— $55.43 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Maugansville & Creek 
Hill (Broadfording) $20.22; Manor, $35.21, .... 55.43 
Missouri — $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Alice R. Mohler 

(So. Warrensburg), 1.00 

Ohio— $5.60 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Danville, 5.60 

Oregon— $1.07 

S. S.: Newberg, 1.07 

Pennsylvania— $383.10 

E. Dist., Cong.: West Green Tree, $115.45; 
Spring Creek, $10; Palmyra, $10; Ridgely, 
$23.84; S. S.: Ephrata, $39; Annville, $20.43; 
Spring Creek, $14.29; " Gleaner's Class " 
(Akron) $5; Esther Seibert's Class (Spring 
Creek) $.51; Velma Harpin's Class (Spring 
Creek) $.68; Esther Espenshade's Class 
(Spring Creek) $1; Eliza Bashore's Class 
(Spring Creek) $.40; " Hopeful " Class 
(Spring Creek) $37.50, 278.10 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 1st Altoona, $80; F. H. 
Mohr & Wife (Woodbury) $15, 95.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Mills 
(Walnut Grove-Johnstown) $5; S. S. : Inter- 
mediate Dept. (Walnut Grove-Johnstown) $5, 10.00 
Tennessee — $15.00 

Cong.: Pleasant Hill, 15.00 

Virginia— $45.62 

First Dist., S. S. : "Teacher Training" 
Class (Roanoke N. W.) 1.25 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Orlando, Jasper, Esther 
and Cornelia (Sangerville) $9.78; White Hill, 
$2.50, 12.28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $12.09; Frater- 
nity, $20, 32.09 

Total for the month $ 588.64 

Total previously reported, 2,635.78 

Total for the year, $3,224.42 

Kansas— $2.50 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. E. E. Greenough, $ 2.50 

Total for the month, $ 2.50 

Total previously reported, 141.11 

Total for the year, $ 143.61 

Michigan — $1.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, $ 1.00 

Total for the month, $ 1.00 

Total previously reported, 4.00 

Total for the year $ 5.00 

Illinois— $30.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Astoria, $ 30.00 

Indiana— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanah Hess (Goshen), .. 5.00 

Maryland— $10.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. Gosnell (Sams Creek), 10.00 
Ohio— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Maple Grove), 20.00 
Pennsylvania — $15.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lebanon (Midway), .... 15.00 

Washington— $1.00 

Cong.: Emma Kilme (Tacoma), 1.00 

Total for the month, $ 81.00 

Total previously reported 26.50 

Total for the year, $ 107.50 

California— $3.46 

No. Dist., S. S.: Patterson, $ 3.46 

Illinois— $4.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 4.00 

Indiana— $489.03 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $135; 
Bachelor Run, $86.78; Victoria Stoneburner 
(Pleasant Dale) $12.50; S. S. : Huntington, 
$50; Santa Fe, $36.61 320.89 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris, $40; Osceola, 
$78.14, 118.14 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile 50.00 

Iowa— $150.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, 150.00 

Maryland— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Hagerstown, 25.00 

Missouri— $14.00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Shelby Co., 14.00 

Ohio— $175.29 

N. E. Dist., C. C: E. Chippewa 25.29 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pitsburg, $25; Poplar 

Grove, $125, " 150.00 

Pennsylvania— ?6?.: 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park, $1; 28th 
St. Altoona, $50; S. S. : "Soul Winners" 

Class (Spring Run) $11.50, 62.50 

Virginia— $198.84 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $24; Tim- 
berville, $150, 174.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Middle River, 24.84 

Washington— $45.27 

Cong.: Tacoma, $36; S. S. : No. Spokane, 
$9.27, 45.27 

Total for the month, $1,167.39 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 53,034. 17 

Total for the year, $54,201.56 

California— $24.81 

No. Dist., S. S.: Waterford, $20.72; Elk 

Creek, $4.09 $ 24.81 

Oklahoma— $43.86 

S. S.: Thomas, 43.86 

Michigan— $4.07. ... 

Cong.: Shepherd, 4.07 

Pennsylvania— $69.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls' Class, Man- 
heim (White Oak) $12; Manheim (White 
Oak, $15, 27.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Cheerful Helpers" Class 

(Waynesboro), 42.00 

Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Terrace View, 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 146.74 

Total previously reported, 210.46 

Total for the year $ 357.20 

California— $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Grant W. Bowman (Cal- 
vary-Los Angeles), 25.00 

Illinois— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: C. W. Lahman (Frank- 
lin Grove), 100.00 

Indiana— $100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Michael Andes (Middle- 
town), 100.00 

Maryland— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., Malcolm A. Long (Hagerstown), 50.00 

Pennsylvania— $1,450.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: I. T. Madeira (Elizabeth- 
town) $100; P. H. Zendt (Hatfield) $100; John 
Graybill (White Oak) $50, 250.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Frank Foster (1st 
Phila.), 100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. M. F. Oiler (Waynes- 
boro) $100; J. J. Oiler (Waynesboro $1,000, 1,100.00 

Total for the month, $1,725.00 

Total previously reported, 220.00 

Total for the year, $ 1,945.00 

California— $202.68 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for E. D. Vani- 
man & Wife and Lynn A. Blickenstaff & 
Wife, $87.68; Lindsay Cong, for Dr. Ida 
Metzger, $100; McFarland Young People's 

C. W. S. for Minneva Neher, $15, $ 202.68 

Colorado— $123.28 

E. Dist., Wiley Cong., $81.50 and Rocky 
Ford Cong. $41.78 for Anna N. Crumpacker, 123.28 
Idaho— $449.86 

Cong. & S. S.'s for Dr. D. L. Horning, 
$91.30; Nezperce Cong, for Dr. D. L. Horn- 
ing, $6.37; Congs. for Dr. D. L. Horning, 

$90.50; for Anetta C. Mow, $261.69, 449.86 

Illinois— $811.22 

No. Dist., 1st Chicago Cong, for Floyd E. 
Mallott $327.57; Franklin Grove Cong, for 
Bertha Butterbaugh, $57.58; Mt. Morris Cong, 
for Ruth Ulery $50; Mt. Morris S. S. for 
Sadie J. Miller, $276.07; 1st Chicago Ele- 
mentary Depts. for Junior Mallott, $100, .... 811.22 
Indiana— $275.00 

No. Dist., 1st So. Bend Ladies' Missy. 
Soc. for Dorothy Summer, 50.00 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for W. J. Heisey, $125; 
Rossville Cong, for Minerva Metzger, $100, 225.00 
Iowa— $1,197.89 

Mid. Dist., Cedar Rapids S. S. for Emma 
Horning, 550.00 

No. Dist., Ivester Cong, for W. Harlan 
Smith & Family 475.00 

So. Dist., English River S. S. for Nettie 
M. Senger $130; No. English River S. S. for 
Nettie M. Senger, $42.89, 172.89 

Kansas— $21.90 

N. E. Dist., Ottawa S. S. for Ella Ebbert, 17.50 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. for Emma 

Eby, 4.40 

Michigan— $126.36 

Juniors for Harlan Bowman, $11.90; Pri- 
mary Depts. for Harold Bowman, $12.46; 
S. S.'s for Pearl Bowman, ^67; Lake View 
S. S. for Clara Harper Budget (Manchester 
College Stu. Vol.) $10; for Pearl Bowman, 

$25, 126.36 

Missouri— $100.86 

Mid. Dist., Cong, for Jennie Mohler, .... 100.86 

Nebraska— $69.00 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory 69.00 

Ohio— $1,578.56 

N. E. Dist., Olivet Aid Soc. for Esther 
Mae Helser, $78.75; Cleveland Cong, for 
Goldie Swartz, $74.24; Hartville Cong, for 
Anna Brumbaugh, $150; Owl Creek for Lola 
Helser, $49.03, 352.02 

N. W. Dist., Lick Creek Cong, for Eliza- 
beth Kintner, 137.50 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for Elizabeth Baker and 
O. C. Sollenberger, $1,001.41; Salem Cong. 

for Minnie F. Bright, $87.63, 1,089.04 

Pennsylvania— $2,509.00 

E. Dist., S. S.'s for Kathryn Ziegler 500.00 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $21; New Enterprise 
Cong, for Sarah Replogle, $500; Huntingdon 
Cong, for J. M. Blough, $51.71, 572.71 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for Adam Ebey, 236.29 

W. Dist., Quemahoning Cong, for Esther 
Beahm, $100; Greensburg, Cong, for L. S. 
Brubaker, $100; S. S.'s for Wm. Beahm, 
Olive Widdowson, Ida Shumaker and Grace 

Clapper, $1,000, 1,200.00 

Virginia— $675.84 

First Dist., Pleasant View Cong, for Re- 
becca C. Wampler, 50.00 

E. Dist., Mother's Class, Oakton S. S. 
(Fairfax) for M. M. Myers, 25.00 

No. Dist., Greenmount S. S. for Dr. F. 
J. Wampler, 50.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elk Run, for Sara Z. 
Myers, $27.84; Bridgewater Cong, for Ella 
Flohr, $173; Pleasant Valley Cong, for Edna 
Flory, $300, 500.84 

So. Dist., Fraternity Cong, for Rebecca C. 

Wampler, $25; for Elsie Shickel, $25, 50.00 

Washington— $73.25 

Wenatchee Valley Missy. Soc. for Ada 

Dunning Hollenberg, 73.25 

West Virginia— $20.00 

First Dist., Eglon Cong, for Anna B. Mow, 20.00 

Total for the month $8,234.70 

Total previously reported, 38,933.17 

Total for the year $47,167.87 


CHRISTIANITY has gone further toward becoming a world-faith than 
either Buddhism or Mohammedanism. Christianity is still in the 
ascendency Buddhism and Mohammedanism are on the decline. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger, Amsey and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Early, H. C, and Emma, 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Fahnestock, Rev. and Mrs. 
S. G., 1059 Michigan Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Garber, Glenn, Essex, Mo., 

Haney, R. A. and Irva, 
Merrill, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J. and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
Worth, Texas 

Scrogum, Arthur and Marie, 
Accident, Md., 1926 

Shovvalter, R. K. and Flor- 
ence, Rose Pine, La., 1926 

White, Ralph and Matie, 
1206 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 

Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 

Lulu, 1919 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Hollenberg, John, 1926, and 

Ada D., 1922 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Seese, Norman A., and 

Anna, 1917 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Vaniman, Ernest D., and 

Susie, 1913 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Flory, Raymond, and Lizzie, 

Horning, Emma, 1908 
Oberholtzer, I. E., and Eliz., 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Capper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 
Shansi, China 

Ikenberry, E. L., and Olivia, 
Peking, China, Yen Ching, 
School of Chinese Studies, 5 
Tung Ssu, Tao Tiao 

Ulery, Ruth F., 1926 
On Furlough 

Bowman, Samuel B., and 
Pearl, 708 S. Central Park 
Ave., Chicago, 111., 1918 

Bright, J. Homer and Min- 
nie, 1208 No. Wayne St., 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Cline, Mary E., 900 Frank- 
lin, Roaring Spring, Pa., 

Crumpacker, Anna, Elgin, 
111., 1908 

Horning, Dr. D. L., and 
Martha, c|o General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111., 1919 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 
Md., 1911 

Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 
Bridgewater, Va., 1919 

Smith, W. Harlan and 
Frances, c|o General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111., 1920 

Sollenberger, O. C, and 
Hazel, c|o J. W. Coppock, 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 
Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 

Garkidda, Nigeria, West Afri- 
ca, via Jos and Numan 

Beahm, Wm. M., and Esther, 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel. Dr. J. Paul, and 

Verda, 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Heckman, Clarence C, and 

Lucile, 1924 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 

Lola, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Shisler, Sara, 1926 
On Furlough 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 

Marguerite, 509 So. Honore 

St., Chicago, 111., 1923 
Mallott, Ruth B., 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 1924 


Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Erne, 1903 

Moomaw, I. W., and Mabel, 

Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 

Mary, 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Roop, Ethel, 1926. 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Mow. Baxter M., and Anna, 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Kaylor, John L, 1911 and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hat- 
tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902, and Anna, 

Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., and Anna, 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., Cer- 
ro Gordo, 111., 1919 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago, 
111.. 1919 

Butterbaugh, A. G., and 
Bertha, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago, 111., 1919 

Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Forney, D. L., and Anna, La 
Verne, Calif., 1897 

Hollenberg, . Fred M., and 
Nora, Sebring, Fla., 1919 

Kintner, Elizabeth, Ney, 
Ohio, 1919 

Miller, Arthur S. B. and 
Jennie, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago, 111., 1919 

Miller, Sadie J., R. F. D., 
Waterloo, la., 1903 

Replogle, Sara, New Enter- 
prise, Pa., 1919 

Shull, Chalmer and Mary, 
3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, III., 1919 

Summer, B. F. and Nettie, 
Mooreland, Ind., 1919 

Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

Making a Will 

Faithful Stewardship means that we are responsible for prop- 
erty entrusted to our care. As Christians, we are responsible for 
its use in life and its disposition at death. Unless this is done other- 
wise, we should make a will. This duty we owe to ourselves, to the 
State, and to all who have helped to accumulate it. It is the last 
chance to express our appreciation of God's bounties to us. While 
remembering others, do not forget the GENERAL MISSION 
BOARD as the servants of the Church for its world-wide 
evangelism ! 

A Form of Bequest 

I give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the 
Church of the Brethren, a corporation of the State of 
Illinois, with headquarters at Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, 

their successors and assigns, forever, the sum of 

dollars, to be used for the purpose of said Board as speci- 
fied in their charter. 

We have a booklet which will gladly be sent on request which 
tells more about wills ; besides it has considerable on how to execute 
your own will during your lifetime. 

Just ask on a postal card for Booklet V-247 

General Mission. Board 

Elgirv, Illinois 


Church of the 'Brethren 

^^ .«^" 

Vol. XXIX 

May, 1927 

No. 5 


The Hershey Annual Conference 
Our United Task - 

Whence Comes Chinese Nationalism? 
China's Place in World Christianization 
In the Tennessee Mountains 

God Swept the Road - 


And the Ball Is Still Rolling 


J. W. Lear 

Frank H. Crumpacker 

J. /. Yoder 

Ethel A. Gwin and 
Anna Laura White 

Albert D. Helser 

L. A. Blickenstaff 

Aunt Adalyn 








OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH. Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1927. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 

Note. — The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
other date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
the Board since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 


OTHO WINGER, President, North Manches- 
ter, Ind., 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, Waterloo, 
Iowa, 1916-1919. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK. General Secretary, 

II. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more tu the General 
Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the four dollars 
or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Different 
members of the same family may each give four dollars or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know Will be interested in read- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the Com- 
mittee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be sent 
to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Friends of Many Firesides 

A New Illustrated Lecture for Children 

The purpose of this lecture is to build good will in the hearts of our children 
for all children of the world. It will aid in establishing strong missionary founda- 
tions. It is intended to encourage the Junior League work. 

The set contains 54 slides. The lecture begins with a worship program in- 
cluding Scripture reading, prayer and the song, " I Think When I Read that Sweet 
Story of Old." All of these items are well illustrated. Then the children go on a 
journey around the world and learn the fine traits of other children. Upon returning 
from their journey they are introduced to the work of the Junior League in various 
parts of our brotherhood. A written lecture accompanies the set. 

The rental is $2, and return transportation. If a missionary offering is taken 
and return transportation is paid there is no rental fee. Order as far in advance as 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIX 

MAY, 1927 

No. 5 



The 1927 Hershey Annual Conference, June 8-15, 129 -^ 


Our United Task, By J. W. Lear, 132 JO 

Whence Comes Chinese Nationalism? By Frank H. Crumpacker, 134 !^> 

China's Place in World Christianization, By J. T. Yoder, 136 J> 

In the Tennessee Mountains, By Ethel A. Gwin, M. D., and Anna Laura ffrf 

White, 137 p< 

God Swept the Road, By A. D. Helser, 139 fe£* 

Drafted, By L. A. Blickenstaff, 140 |j 

News Notes from Foreign Fields, By William M. Beahm, Goldie E. $5 

Swartz, and Marie Brubaker, 141 x5> 


Report of General Mission Board Meeting, April 20-21, 144 3J 

Evangelism and Missions — Sermon Outline, By Oliver H. Austin, 145 £^> 


ot Aid Society Program for Hershey Conference, 147 w 

Ic. Notes by General Aid Society President, By Airs. J. C. Myers, 147 31 

<n% Echoes from the District Secretaries, 147 ¥%* 


% Thank You, By Aunt Adalyn, 149 fe 

Which Way Shall They Turn ? B v Lola Helser, 150 fl 

And the Ball Is Still Rolling, 152 F% 

By the Evening Lamp, 152 5^ 


ft 3eC 



The 1927 Hershey Annual Conference, June 8-15 

Our Conference in clays gone by was very Great Missionary Convocation, coming on 

much a legislative institution. When the Monday, than are interested in the business 

foreign mission interests were begun, inter- sess i ns of Tuesday. After all, legislative 

est shifted from queries and their answers actg do nQt secure & response {n individual 

to the promotion of missions. The move- ,. . , 

. ... lives commensurate with educational and 

ment continued until at present the mspira- . . „ 

f - ,1 _ « o^«/.«+;«««i *> <- ( r r inspirational efforts. In our national govern- 
tional and educational events of Conference 

command the attention of more members ment laws are hard to enforce unless there 

than the business sessions. The latter ought is a stron g sentiment built up for their re- 

to be vital to every member, but neverthe- spect in the minds of the citizenry of the 

less more members are interested in the country. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary Convocation 

As chief speaker for the Missionary Con- 
vocation we shall have Eld. Charles D. Bon- 
sack, Secretary of the General Mission 
Board. Bro. Bonsack will have just returned 
from an extended tour of our mission fields 
in China, India, and Scandinavia. Seats will 
be reserved on the platform or near by for 
a group of folks who for some reason de- 
serve special recognition on this day. 

The offering is always a great part of the 
meeting. First there is the offering of life — 
the new missionaries appointed by the Con- 
ference going out to their important tasks. 
Then the offering of money — a practical 
way by which the members of the home 
church share in the missionary enterprise. 
The vast body of members who cannot at- 
tend Conference can visualize the large Her- 
shey auditorium and the many ushers re- 
ceiving the offerings of the home churches 
which the delegates will carry to Conference. 
Then the sacred consecration prayer will be 
offered. The lives, the money and the heart 
throbs of the folks who have " stayed by the 
stuff" at home will all be laid out before 
God and consecrated to him. The program is 
planned as follows : 
1:45—2:10 Song Service 

Note. In order to arrange prop- 
er seating, the following groups 
are requested to meet in the 
rooms to the rear of the plat- 
form for instructions promptly 
at 1 : 30 P. M. 
Order of entrance to auditorium. 
Standing Committee. 
Ministers who have served thir- 
ty-five years. 
Parents of missionaries. 
Detained missionaries. 
Members of General Mission 

Board and secretaries. 
All members of District Mission 

Missionaries on furlough. 
All home mission workers. 
New missionaries. 

2:10—2:20 Devotions M. M. Myers 

2 : 20—2 : 25 Quartette 

2:25—3:25 Address Chas. D. Bonsack 

3 : 25 — 3 : 40 Offering — Under direction of 

Otho Winger 
Prayer of Thanks ..Rufus Bucher 

3 : 40—4 : 10 Recognition of Home and For- 
eign Workers Otho Winger 

Presentation of New Mission- 
Consecration Prayer C. C. Ellis 
Blest Be the Tie That Binds 
God Be With You Till We 

Meet Again 
Closing Prayer Edward Frantz 
The Home Mission Program 

In the morning of Monday, June 13, the 
Home Mission Program will be rendered. 
Bro. J. J. Yoder, for many years a member 
of the General Mission Board, now a mem- 
ber of the General Ministerial Board and of 
the recent deputation to our mission fields, 
will bring the chief address. The program 
outlined is as follows: 

7:00—7:20 Devotional J. J. John 

7 : 20—7 : 50 Our Mountain Work . . . H. C. 


10 : 20—11 : 30 The Home Church 

10:20—10:30 Song Service 

10 : 30 — 10 : 40 Missionary Educational 

Materials ....H. Spenser Minnich 

10 : 40 — 10 : 50 New Advances in Home 

Mission Work M. Clyde Horst 

10:50—11:30 Quartette 

The New Step for the Church in 

America J. J. Yoder 

11:30 — 11:50 Intercession and Conse- 
cration J. B. Emmert 

Missionary Demonstrations and Exhibits 

To see the missionaries at work in the 
foreign fields is the desire of all of us. This 
not being possible the missionary demonstra- 
tions at the last two Conferences were en- 
thusiastically received. A series of very 
interesting events is planned this year to 
make the work of missions more vivid. The 
Sisters' Aid organization is sponsoring a 
pageant portraying the projects for which 
the Aids have worked during the recent 
years. The India missionaries will portray 
station and church life in India. The ex- 
hibits will be open during certain hours, at 
which time missionaries or their representa- 
tives will be there to tell about mission work. 

Tentative Schedule of Missionary Demon- 
strations. Illustrated Lectures and Exhibits 

in Hillside Auditorium 
Thursday 4: 15—6: 00 

4:15 — 4:45 India Demonstration. 
4:50—5:40 Rural Church Slides. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Friday 4: 15—6: 00 

4:15 — 4:45 China Demonstration. 

4:50—5:40 Africa Slides. 

2:00—3:00 P. M. Friends of Many 
Firesides. Illustrated Lec- 
ture, especially for children. 

5:00 — 5:30 Junior League Demonstra- 

5 : 30 — 6 : 25 Africa Demonstration. 

6 : 30 — 7 : 00 Greene County Slides. 
Exhibits — Hours 

8:00—9:00 A. M. 
4 : 00—7 : 00 

Sunday open 12:30—7:00 P. M. 
Transportation to Hershey 

Our Annual Conference is a great unify- 
ing factor in the church. We come together 
from widely-separated areas and exchange 
views, and thereby are bound together in 
closer understanding. Those who travel by 
train have the advantage of fellowship with 
others en route. The Pennsylvania Railroad 
provides excellent service from Chicago and 
St. Louis, through thickly settled Church of 
the Brethren territory, direct to Harrisburg. 
From there Hershey may be reached by a 
trip of thirteen miles over the P. & R. rail- 

The Pennsylvania road is desirous of pro- 
viding special cars on several days, and as 
many special trains as are necessary to com- 
fortably care for the Conference goers. They 
have arranged that special sleeping cars, 
having fifteen or more passengers, will be 
routed direct to the Conference grounds with 
no change of cars at Harrisburg. The sched- 
ule of their special car and train service will 
be published in the Gospel Messenger, and 
may be secured by addressing Pennsylvania 
Railroad, Union Station, Chicago, 111. 

The delegates from the sparsely settled 
sections of the west may be joined by mem- 
bers living east of Chicago and St. Louis 
and much fellowship enjoyed, to the profit 
of the church, while traveling to and from 

The 1927 Furloughed Missionaries. Mis- 
sionaries returning on furlough this year are 
as follows: From China, Dr. D. L. and Mar- 
tha Horning, W. Harlan and Frances Smith, 
Mary Cline and Grace Clapper. All of them 
arrived on the Empress of Canada at Van- 

couver April 17. Sister Clapper has returned 
home in order that she may recover her 
health. In March, Ernest and Susie Vaniman 
returned on account of her illness. From In- 
dia, Fred and Nora Hollenberg, C. G. and 
Mary Shull, B. F. and Nettie Summer, J. E. 
and Ellen Wagoner, Sadie J. Miller, and 
Elizabeth Kintner. All of these with the 
exception of Sadie Miller will arrive about 
May 9 at New York on the S. S. Scythia 
of the Cunard Line. The Wagoners will 
spend a few weeks in Virginia, between 
the time of landing and the Hershey Confer- 
ence. The Summer family will go to Polo, 
111., after a brief stop at Mooreland, Ind. 
The addresses of all of the returning mis- 
sionaries may be found on the inside cover 
of this issue. 

New Missionary Catalogue. The Protestant 
Mission Boards of the United States and 
Canada cooperate in building missionary 
educational materials. The cooperative or- 
ganization is known as the Missionary Edu- 
cation Movement. The Movement furnishes 
catalogues to the Church of the Brethren 
with our denominational imprint. 

In addition to this Missionary catalogue, 
the General Mission Board has just issued 
a supplement of missionary literature pre- 
pared by our own church, and other liter- 
ature which does not appear in the catalogue. 
This supplement for convenience includes 
stewardship literature put out by the Council 
of Promotion, as well as the doctrinal liter- 
ature distributed by the General Mission 
Board. All of the lantern slide sets are listed 
in it. When you order the missionary cata- 
logue the supplement will be included. 

Please note that you should ask for the 
Missionary Catalogue. The Brethren Pub- 
lishing House issues its catalogue of Bibles, 
general books and other materials separate 
from the Missionary Catalogue. 

Missionary Picture Leaflets. Since MIS- 
SIONS is the Great First Work of the 
Church the subject should be kept clearly 
and forcibly before all church members. In 
harmony with this task the Educational De- 
partment of the General Mission Board pro- 
vides material each year to aid in this work. 
For 1927 six splendid picture leaflets, with a 
brief message for each picture, are printed 
for distribution in all of our churches. They 

(Continued on Page 135) 

132 The Missionary Visitor fg 

Our United Task 


Director, Council of Promotion 

MARCH first, 1927, a new fiscal year began. It suggests heavier re- 
sponsibilities. Those who have in charge the general work feel very 
small. We are so dependent; first, upon our heavenly Father; next, 
upon the brethren and sisters of the Brotherhood. Our work is yours, your 
work is ours and we are all workers together with God. What a responsibility! 
And we share it equally; that is, to the measure of each one's ability. 

The Conference Budget 

This year's Conference budget is $408,300. This amount is to be ad- 
ministered by the boards of the church as follows: 

General Mission Board $370,000.00 = .905 on the $ 

General S. S. Board 21,000.00 = .05119 on the $ 

General Educational Board 3,000.00 = .00734 on the $ 

General Ministerial Board 5,000.00= .01224 on the $ 

General Welfare Board „ 8,000.00 = .01959 on the $ 

Music Committee 300.00 = .00074 on the $ 

American Bible Society 1,000.00 = .00249 on the $ 

$408,300.00 .99861 

The District Quotas 

The quotas for each District are found on page 4 in the 1927 Yearbook. 
These amounts are not meant to be arbitrary, but rather suggestive. The 
purpose is to equalize the financial privilege. I almost said burden. Love 
will find a way to do it. Love always does more than the average. Love 
never grumbles at nor shrinks from a hard task. Love never says " How 
little?" but rather "How much?" Love never says "My bit," but "My best." 

The Children Understand 

Jesus set a child in the midst and told the grown men to take pattern 
from the children. They know how to give sacrificially and rejoice in it. Not 
soon shall I forget the girl in a western church who could scarcely wait to 
carry her offering to the front of the church. It was for a hospital in India. 
The sparkle in the eye, the smile on the face, the clear melody of the voice 
as she told her story, all revealed the joy of giving in the soul. Her own 

May The Missionary Visitor 133 


hands had wrought. Through the summer she watched and worked, and now 
the harvest time and the giving time produced an overflow of rejoicing. She 
gave it all, over thirteen dollars. She was happy in doing it. 

The Young People Interested 

On my desk is a news letter from a young people's organization. I read 
it with joy. All young persons in the District were urged to tithe their income. 
The letter was full of enthusiasm and hope. I almost wished I were young 
again. These young people are ours. They are not what some would like 
them to be. They are doing some mighty fine things, however. They are 
making good in ways we older folks did not when we were young. Your 
contribution of life and money is needed and will be appreciated, young people. 
Show us older folks how to do it, will you? Thank you. 

The Aid Women 

The men are all sympathetic. You have done and are doing a great 
work. In a District Meeting in which $1,750 was raised for District missions 
the ladies of the District contributed $ 1 ,000. Your hearts are more sympathetic 
than men's. Then, too, you can find a way after the men say it can't be done. 
The Conference budget looks big to the men. I imagine the sisters could raise 
the whole thing themselves if they set out to do it. 

The Men Are Coming 

They can't stay out when the children, young people and women are all 
at it. It is too lonesome. The Men's Work organization is just getting under 
way. There is a hum about it that sounds different. One Christian layman 
said recently, " The men of the church have never been challenged by the 
ministry. We are beginning to get awake. Watch us go." Well, some of 
us ministers are watching and we are praying, too. We are willing, too, to 
help the laymen go. Just so we don't get in your way. 

Together Then 

Now, all together, let us learn the art of Christian living and the grace 
of Christian giving. To live nobly and to give liberally will please the Father 
and help our Master to win the world back to himself. " On to success and 
victory together " is our slogan. God is our Helper. 

Offerings for the Conference budget may be sent to Council of Promotion, 
Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer, Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 




■"."■■ ■;-. -,5 : '';:'*>;:'"'. ; 

■4::-::^^--^i ! c-.': : '- : ;o;:j.;^-.,-;-^':- 

*;#? ■%-5%'i^l , -VV 


Whence Comes Chinese Nationalism? 

Missionary to China Since 1908 

ing felt very much by the older elements 
in the Chinese society. Their graft, greed, 
and lordship were being undermined and 
their grip on things in general was losing. 

One of their efforts to stay the oncoming 
freedom of nationalism is recorded as the 
Boxer uprising of 1900. The old conservative 
element organized with a determination to 
strike at the very thing that was having 
most influence to build up nationalism and 
at the same time weaken the grip of the old 
forces. They rightly said, " Christianity has 
caused our downfall, and if we can do away 
with Christians and Christianity we may be 
able to again get our hold on things as of 
ancient days." They did not take into ac- 
count the fact that the freedom or national- 
istic movement was much wider than the 
membership of the church. It was, and thus 
had they succeeded in killing all of the mis- 
sionaries and all of the Christians they 
would have- only partly done away with the 
great movement that we today call democ- 
racy in China. The Boxer movement was 
a failure. To be sure, many Christians and 
missionaries were put out of the way, but 
nationalism, instead of being put down, got 
an impetus to move forward. In 1902 the 
young movement came forward and made a 
demand of the empress dowager at Peking 
that the old system of examinations be done 
away with and that they adopt a real system 
of education, founded as some of the western 
countries had founded it and were carrying 
it on. A victory was won. The empress 
saw there was no future for her in the old 
conservative group, and so she played the 
game of using this method to get the good 
will of the young movement. 

Not all of the youth movement were 
Christians, but practically every Christian 
belonged to the movement, regardless of his 
age. So one can see that Christianity, on 
the side, so to speak, had a wonderful in- 
fluence in building up this idea for freedom 
and nationalism. This grew now with leaps 
and bounds as their new educational move- 
ment began to function. 

The second stroke of the nationalists, un- 
der the leadership of Dr. Sun of Canton, was 
when the republic was set up in 1911. This 

Frank H. Crumpacker 

THEN Christian missions began in 
China, over a hundred years ago, 
little did the leaders believe that 
they were beginning a teaching among the 
people which, if observed, would lead to 
democracy and nationalism. 

I presume most missionaries can easily 
see that the teachings of Christ lead people 
to desire freedom. Through their mission 
schools and constant evangelistic efforts the 
people learned that freedom was and is bet- 
ter than bondage. The leaven naturally 
worked slowly but surely. The young Chi- 
nese began to think independently of their 
elders. This was naturally revolutionary. 
But this freedom idea began and continued 
to grow and in fact the young movement 
far outgrew the membership of the Chris- 
tian church. The freedom of Christ ran 
much faster than the Christian church mem- 
bership grew. This influence would not 

One of the great leaders in this movement 
was Sun Yat Sen. He is known as the 
George Washington of China. He was a 
Christian and a real freedom-loving patriot. 
He did not confine his efforts to the bounds 
of the church, and thus this freedom idea 
began going into outside circles. It was be- 



The Missionary Visitor 


movement was supported by the Christians 
of the country, for, as they felt, it was a 
help to bring their freedom. So the Man- 
chus, who were the ruling lords of China 
for several hundred years, went out of busi- 
ness and the progressive freedom lovers 
came into power. Dr. Sun was made the 
first president of the new republic. 

Most of the new movement leaders were 
inexperienced in political and governmental 
affairs. They took with them some of the 
older leaders of the older days, who they 
thought had about become democratic, but 
in reality these old leaders were only just 
democratic enough to hold their positions 
and get fat salaries. At the same time they 
secretly clung to the old ways. Because 
of retaining these old fellows in office in 
some places, it began to look as though the 
republic would be a failure. 

Factions grew, and in spite of all efforts 
of the nationalists, they themselves were 
crowded back until the militarists really got 
hold, and this bunch has been muddling the 
affairs of China for about ten years. The 
nationalists would not down. They con- 
tinued to educate and get their leaders ready 
for responsible work. All of the returned 
students and nearly all of the students in 
school in China were staunch in supporting 
the nationalists. 

They have stood fearlessly for a square 
deal at home and abroad. They want fair 
treatment for their nationals at home and 
abroad. They love peace and not war. The 
nationalists do not want to be warlike. 

Among other things, funds were needed, 
and these young fellows could not get done 
what they wanted without money. They 
applied to several of the great powers, but 
no one would loan them money. This was 
hard for them to understand. Finally, in 
their desperation, they applied to Russia. 

Russia came forward with money and 
advisers and incidentally flooded the country 
with their Bolshevistic literature. The na- 
tionalists are not Bolshevistic at heart, and 
so do not take up with many of the Russian 
ideas, even though they do accept Russia's 
help financially. Naturally this makes two 
parties in the nationalistic movement. One 
is more radical than the other. The con- 
servative nationalists are many more than 
the others, and they insist on keeping away 
from the anti-Christian and anti-foreign ele- 

ments. They want a square deal and insist 
that there be no anti-Christian demonstra- 
tion. One can see that this element of the 
new movement is probably dominated by 
the Christians that are in the movement. 

If the U. S. A. would come forward and 
offer advisers instead of marines, much more 
would be accomplished. The nationalists 
need sympathy, and in these hours of heavy 
taxing trials they need all the help that the 
missionaries and unselfish Christians every- 
where can give. May God lead until all 
China knows how to love the freedom found 
in Christ. ^ ^ 


(Continued from Page 131) 

are intended for distribution to every Sun- 
day-school pupil and others connected with 
the church. 

Samples and order blanks were sent to 
the missionary committee representative of 
every church. Not all of the churches re- 
plied. Next a package of the leaflets was 
sent to the Sunday-school superintendents. 
They responded well, but even now, April 
fourteen, only 280 churches have placed 
orders. If you who read this find that the 
leaflets are not being distributed in your 
church, will you consult the proper officers 
and have your order sent in? Be sure to 
give the name of your congregation. 

Missionary Ammunition for Ministers. An 
issue of Missionary Ammunition, dealing 
with the situation in China, is being pre- 
pared by Dr. Warnshuis and a group of fur- 
loughed missionaries from China. Its con- 
tents will : nclude brief statements regarding 
the political developments and their meaning, 
the effect of hese and other changes on the 
Christian churches, the meaning of govern- 
mental regulations for schools, the work of 
foreign missionaries and the need for their 
continued services, and other subjects of 
special interest in these days. The aim will 
be to supply pastors with reliable informa- 
tion which they may use in sermons, ad- 
dresses and in other ways in their continued 
advocacy of missionary work in China. 
Painstaking care will be exercised in ensur- 
ing that the statements in the pamphlet will 
be accurate, true, and illuminating. 

The price is 10c per copy. Send your 
orders to General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


China's Place in World Christianization 


Member Board's Deputation to Foreign Mission Fields 

THE followers of Jesus feel the duty 
of teaching all nations and baptizing 
them into the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, as 
a sacred obligation and trust. There is no 
reason or excuse for overlooking any race 
or people. " For God so loved the world 
that he gave his only begotten Son, that 
whosoever believeth on him should not per- 
ish, but have everlasting life." This mar- 
velous declaration is universal in its signif- 
icance. The Gospel must be proclaimed to 
all, for all are included in the love of God. 

Africa with its backward peoples must 
not be neglected, for the love of Christ will 
make of them new creatures and build them 
up in the new and glorious life. India, the 
home of many religions, yet bound with the 
bonds of caste, forbidding the possibility of 
true and effective brotherhood, must be 
liberated by the love of the Savior of the 
world, who is able to make men free. Rich 
and poor, great and small, all must come 
into the love of "our Father who art in 
heaven," that all may have true fellowship 
with one another as brethren in the great 
divine family. 

The so-called Christian countries, too, 
must grow much in the grace and spirit of 
the kingdom, that they may become helpful 
brothers to the rest of the world in the 
promotion of Divine love and true brother- 
hood among men. Everywhere the true dis- 
ciples are men of goodwill. God is pleased 
only with men of goodwill, and there can be 
no peace except among men 
of goodwill. That is certain 
from the life of our Lord on 
earth. His was a life of love. 
Not one moment in 'it but was 
full of devotion to God and 
man. He went about doing 
good. The church of Christ 
exists for the purpose of bring- 
ing hearts of sin under the 
softening power of the love of 
Christ, to preach peace, and 
to declare God's promise to 

men of goodwill and to turn men throughout 
the world into men of goodwill. 

In the light and spirit of what we have 
said in this introduction, we are ready to 
say that China has become the most stra- 
tegic field in the program of human Chris- 
tianization. Geographically it is most stra- 
tegically situated. It occupies a large and 
central position among all the other eastern 
Asiatic countries. It extends into the heart 
of Asia to the west, reaches into the cold 
north and into the tropical balmy southland, 
with a wonderful variety of climate. It 
has a long and useful sea coast, with long, 
navigable rivers reaching inland, with rich 
undeveloped natural resources of minerals 
and of soil. China is bound to become tre- 
mendously important in the commercial 
affairs of the world of commerce and trade. 
No other country or combination of coun- 
tries in all Asia will figure so tremendously 
in future world affairs as will China. Even 
now all eyes are watching China, and more 
and more is this bound to be true. 

From the standpoint of population China 

J. J. Yoder 



The Missionary Visitor 


is a marvel. At least one-fourth of all the 
living souls in the world are in China, and 
her neighbors in Asia have another one- 
fourth. It is sfmply astounding to contem- 
plate the possibilities facing the future world 
by the awakening China. One is safe in 
saying that as China goes so will go the 
nrghty East, and as the East goes so the 
West will necessarily shape its world pro- 
gram. China is going. She is no longer 
standing still, or contented with a mute 
passivism. Will the forces of Christ be able 
to do their duty to China in time to save 
her from the threatening spirit of ill will 
and human hate? It is the greatest ques- 
tion facing the Christian world today. If 
China can be won to Christ and sincerely 
brought into possession of his Spirit the 
peace of the world will move forward a 
century. If we fail and the enemy succeeds, 
then the future program of " on earth peace," 
will look dark indeed. This is the time for 
real Christian work in China. Perhaps yes- 
terday was more opportune, but we have 
only the present. This is no time at all to 
reduce forces or withhold money. We 
sometimes hear even missionaries talk of 

leaving China and turning the work over to 
the Chinese. In our judgment that is foolish 
talk, and such a course would be worse than 
folly. This is the time when the missionary 
must show that the love and goodwill of 
the Christ is not a mere theory, but a 
fact in the human heart. The missionary 
must demonstrate this wonderful fact in 
his daily contact with his Chinese brother. 
Then, too, the so-called Christian nations 
in their political and business dealings with 
China must point out by practice the justice 
and righteousness of Divine goodwill. Blun- 
dering now will be fatal. 

If more men and women and money from 
our Christian churches can be properly used, 
there should be no hesitancy in furnishing 

The enemy forces are on the ground and 
exceedingly busy urging China to take the 
pathway that leads to hate and sin and 
strife. We all have a responsibility here 
and must feel its urge. Our prayers and 
offerings and encouragement must go to the 
workers unstintingly. China is surely a 
strategic field in the Christianity of the 

In the Tennessee Mountains 

Daily Vacation Bible Schools in the Mountains of the Tennessee 


THE five communities in which we 
taught were scattered from North- 
eastern Tennessee, Southeastern Vir- 
ginia, to the extreme eastern part of Ken- 
tucky. To reach the last-named place we 
had to travel by the way of Bluefield, W. 
Va., to a little mining station called Kermit, 
a total distance of about 250 miles. From 
here we had a five-hour ride in a one-horse 
wagon to our desired destination up among 
the mountains. Surely no missionary on 
the foreign field ever enjoyed his oxcart 
drive more than we did this one. 

It was on the morning of May 16 that we 
took the train at Boone, Tenn., and went to 
Kingsport. From here we went on the bus 
to Church Hill, where we were to be met. 
Anticipating a long wait we took our lunch, 
which we enjoyed eating. After waiting 
about two hours wc resumed our journey 

up a steep mountain road for four miles. 
Our Ford could go no farther. We were 

Ethel A. Gwin, M. D. 
Anna Laura White 


The Missionary Visitor 



told that it was yet a mile to the church. 
After assuring our leaders we were good 
walkers, we started on the last stretch of 
our journey. Up one hill and down another 
we went, until we were positive we had 
walked two miles, when we came to the 
church on a hill. Here we found about fifty 
people assembled for an afternoon service. 

As the work was new to these people we 
spent a good part of the hour explaining 
the nature of our work; then giving them 
some Bible stories, we left an appointment 
for 9 A. M. and an evening service the next 
day. This program continued for two 
weeks, except that we omitted the morning 
hours on Saturday. Men, women, and older 
children worked in the cornfield during the 
day, so a night session, consisting of half 
an hour song service, half an hour Bible 
lesson for the older ones, and special work 
for the children, completed the day's work. 
We learned that the people came out better 
when it rained, for then they could not 

Here, as in all of the places we visited, 
practically everybody walked or rode horse- 
back, as the roads were rough, steep, and 
poorly kept. 

Miller's Chapel, Tennessee 

The morning Daily Vacation Bible School crowd. 
There is no regular Sunday-school or preaching in 
this community. 

Young people would hoe corn all day, then 
walk three, four, and even five miles to 
the services, even on dark nights. At one 
place some of the boys who cultivated the 
corn while their father was away working 
for the support of his family, would work 
until time for classes, attend, then go back 
and resume their work and also come to 
the evening hour. At another place a blind 
man about eighty years of age was led 
down a rough, rocky mountain road for two 
miles by his wife for the Sunday morning 
service. How he did enjoy helping sing 
the old, familiar hymns he had learned 
" by heart." This couple took dinner with 
relatives, then came back to the night serv- 
ice and walked back up the hill afterward. 

Our program was somewhat similar at 
each place, except that if more convenient 
for the people the day service was in the 
afternoon. Everywhere people wanted a 
night service, including Saturday and Sun- 
day at a few places. 

What materials did we use? Bible stories, 
missionary stories, memory work, teaching 
songs and expressional work suitable for 
each lesson. The Bible stories were new 
to many of the children, for in some com- 
munities there were no Sunday-schools, and 
reading material was very scarce or lacking 
in the homes. The public schools in these 
mountain districts were one-room buildhigs, 
with one teacher only for all the grades, 
hence she naturally had little time for hand- 
work, so this form of expression was new 
to them. 

Aside from the regular teaching program, 
visiting in the homes took most of the re- 
maining daylight hours. Walking through 
the woods was both tiresome and delightful. 
Ferns of many varieties, beautiful mountain 
laurel, and various other shrubbery and trees 
delighted one's eyes. 

The people in every community were very 
hospitable. They seemed to think it a special 
privilege to entertain us after we had once 
become acquainted. We were told by sev- 
eral that they dreaded our coming for fear 
we might be " stuck-up," but this impres- 
sion soon left them after they met us. 

In the five communities we found one 

evergreen Sunday-school. Two others have 

Sunday-school during the summer months; 

three have preaching service once or twice 

(Continued Next Page) 



The Missionary Visitor 


God Swept the Road 


Missionary to Africa 

Albert D. Helser 

Editor's Note. This message was written several 
months ago when Bro. Helser returned to Africa. 
For want of space it has not appeared sooner. 

ABOUT a year ago we left Africa for 
our first furlough in America. Now 
we are back in Africa, after having 
spent a pleasant and profitable year with 
our brethren and 

When we left 
Africa our black 
friends said, " May 
God sweep the 
road before you," 
and " Come back 
quickly." Now that 
we are back in 
their midst many 
say, " There is a 
G o d," "God is 
good," and " God 
swept the road be- 
fore you." 
It was a beautiful thought all through the 
year, that God was sweeping the road ahead, 
not only for his messengers but for his 
black people, too. 

Tears of joy crept into our eyes as we 
caught the first glimpse of a host of our 
black friends — old fathers and mothers with 
their sons and daughters all wearing a smile 
of love. Quickly our minds went back to 
four years ago when the first missionaries 
of the Church of the Brethren came into 
Buraland. At that time we saw fear and 
distrust written on every face, for not one 
among them had ever heard the glorious 
story of the great God's redeeming love. 
They were in darkness mentally and within 
the shadow of death physically. They knew 
nothing of the love of the Christian teacher. 
They had never felt the healing touch of 
the Christian physician. But now within 
four short years a great light is beginning 
to break across the hills of Buraland. Many 
a young man is fleeing from the shadow of 
death and ignorance into the marvelous light 
of Christ the Savior. 

All of this makes us very happy; it is 
a taste of heaven. The price that Garkidda 
has cost the church and her missionaries 

is quickly forgotten when we look at tin 

We dare not dwell here, for we have 
taken but the first step. When we climb 
Garkidda mountain and turn our faces to 
the northeast we see in our mind's eye 
across a thousand miles of farms and vil- 
lages where a Christian voice has never 
been heard. When we turn our faces to 
the north and west we see six million Mo- 
hammedans and many pagans who have 
never had a chance to enter the great open 
door to God. 

God has swept the path before the mes- 
sengers of the cross during the past four 
years. His messengers look to the future 
with courage and faith and joy. The har- 
vest is white and ready. The church has 
been faithful to her God-given task in Africa 
during the past four years. What will the 
church do with this great unfinished task 
during the next forty years? 

God is ahead, sweeping the way before 
you and before your missionaries. Will we 
walk in it? Inasmuch as ye do good unto 
one of these little ones ye do good unto 
Christ. Here in North Central Africa they 
stand, ten million strong, without hope and 
without God. Christ Jesus, we bring our 
promise and life pledge to thee. Take us 
and our possessions and use all to the sal- 
vation of our black brothers. 


(Continued from Page 138) 

each month by local talent; two have neither 
Sunday-school nor preaching service, unless 
some one happens in once in a great while. 
As for young people's meetings, or any 
effort to provide proper social activities, 
such are not considered. Why? Not be- 
cause there are no fine young people, and 
older ones, too, who would welcome such, 
but for the lack of local leadership such 
cannot be carried on. 

Johnson City, Tenn. 


The Missionary Visitor 



India Misison Treasurer 

Editor's Note. This message from Brother Blick- 
enstaff was requested for the April Student Volun- 
teer number of the Visitor but for want of space was 
not published. 

ONE day, after it was announced that I 
was going to India, an old brother 
said to me, " So you are going to 
India; I thought you were well satisfied 
here." I was not a volunteer for the foreign 
field, and I am not proud of it. I was 
drafted for service, and it was difficult to 
make the necessary adjustments. I have 
never regretted answering the call. There is 
joy in giving. "What is that in thy hand?" 
Five years ago there was a forward move- 
ment in the Church of the Brethren. I was 
caught a victim in that movement, and as a 
result was moved to the other side of the 
world, to sun-baked, dark and sin-sick India. 
What did the forward movement of the 
church do to you? And how is the present 
forward program of the church affecting 
you? Do not be distressed if it moves you 
far from the country you love; far from 
home and all its ties; if it results in the ill 
health of your family; if it separates you for 
months from companion and children ; if it 
means giving up your automobile, or de- 
lays indefinitely the purchase of a new one; 
or if it makes your pocket book very flat. It 
has done all of that to me, but still I am 
happy. It all depends on how one reacts. 

Blessings cost something. Be sure of that. 
If your life service is a real blessing to others 
you will experience some of the distress, 
sorrow and pain endured by the Master 
when he redeemed the world from sin. Like- 
wise, if giving what is in your hand is to be 
a true blessing, you will feel to some extent 
the cost of your contribution. It is said of 
Jesus that he himself knew that virtue had 
gone out of him. Have you given until it 
really hurt? How many have you known to 
go bankrupt supporting the Lord's work? 
The church in its forward movement may 
cause you suffering, but the pain will be 
sweet, and somehow the scars will not dis- 
figure you. 

Your representatives in foreign fields are 
exerting an honest effort to make most 
effective to needy men, women and children 

the blessing of your gifts. You have a right 
to expect that they shall not fail, for if 
they do they discount the blessing you wish 
to be to others. They ask you not to make 
less effective the blessing they would make 
of their lives in service, by withholding that 
which is actually required effectually to do 
the Lord's work. It is decidedly unfair for 
them to make any unwise use of your con- 
tribution to the cause, thus rendering your 
gift partially or wholly short of the blessing 
you intend. It is equally unfair for you to 
render your worker's service less efficient 
by withholding the material he must have to 
do the work. 

Every member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, at home and abroad, has a definite con- 
tribution to make toward the missionary pro- 
gram of the church. If any member, here or 
there, fails in his part, he not only robs 
himself of a blessing, but he discounts the 
contribution of his fellow-worker by limit- 
ing, just that much, the power and effective- 
ness of an every-member endeavor. A thor- 
oughly devoted volunteer may have his life 
of service discounted because others fail to 
do their part. And a volunteer may allow 
his disappointment, in not being sent to a 
foreign field, to deafen him to other worthy 
calls, depriving needy souls of assistance 
and leadership, without which their contri- 
bution to the church is greatly reduced. Let 
us not discount each other's gifts. 

We are workers together with the Lord. 
We expect him to do his part, and he does 
far more. He expects us to do our part ; 
what are we doing? We expect each other 
to be faithful in the work. Are we ? Have 
we prayed ? Have we given what is in our 

Correction. We wish to correct a state- 
ment in the Picture Leaflet, " The Sun Never 
Sets on the Work of the Church of the 
Brethren," page four. One-half of our mem- 
bership, 63,422, attend church in the open 
country. More than one-fourth of our total 
membership are located in the State of 


The Missionary Visitor 


News Notes from Foreign Fields 


William M. Beahm 

These months have taken us into the heart of the 
dry season. And it is cool nights we are having, 
too. It is all very well and good for us who have 
blankets and Nordic background. But these tiny 
sons of Ham, who get up early and light a fire to 
sit by, move one with compassion. They dance 
about, hugging themselves with nothing on but 
guinea skin and goose flesh. It makes one desire 
to give a blanket to every child in the valley. 

Our school is one to be proud of. The attendance 
record would do credit to a military academy. Noth- 
ing has interfered with perfect attendance on the 
part of sixty boys except a small amount of sick- 
ness and a funeral. The near-by bush fires have 
fortunately occurred outside of school hours. So 
the boys have gotten their education without the 
loss of a single field mouse. It does one good to 
see them come in at sunset with soft, bulging 
pockets and black streaks of burnt grass soot all 
over their bodies and clothes, if any. They have 
made real progress in deportment, knowledge and 
spirit, when one considers how very raw they were 
four months ago. We welcome more workers to 
make their days more worth-while than ever. Also 
to care for their black brothers still back at home. 

There is constant hurry in both building and clean- 
ing up the Hawal valley against the coming of 
Christmas and our new workers. Industrial build- 
ings, dwellings, and the school-church building are 
all being worked on. The school-church building 
has become an interesting project for the budding 
Christians. They have helped considerably in get- 
ting it repaired against the time of Christmas. 

Christmas eve was spent by the fireplace fire and 
beside a Christmas tree. All the boys in school were 
present and received a small gift. One little cube 
of sugar creates great joy. On Christmas day we 
had a joint dedicatory and Christmas program, which 
was a big thing for the boys and near-by villagers. 
On Sunday the missionaries had a joyful time to- 
gether, marred, however, by the slight illness of 
Dr. Gibbel. He has since recovered. 

We have at last received the certificates of oc- 
cupancy, giving us full legal right to be here at 
Garkidda. This also gives us a site for the new- 
hospital on a hill across the road. We rejoice great- 
ly over this. We have also sent Mr. Mallott and 
Mr. Helser east of here to choose a site among the 
Margi tribe in Northeastern Adamawa. These folk 
are very closely related to the Buras and use almost 
the same language. Our hopes of receiving per- 
mission to open a station there in the immediate 
future are very high. 

God gives constant evidence of his concern for 
these people. 



Goldie E. Swartz 

Some time ago a visit was to be made to a village 
school out in the jungle. The Ford glided over 
the macadamized road readily, and also went well 
through a part of the jungle road. Later, having 
crossed over a creek bed, now dry, a place was 
reached where there were deep ruts in the wheel 
tracks, making it impossible for the axle to pass 
over the higher ground. What to do? There was 
no pick or other instrument to dig away the ob- 
struction, and the ground was too hard to break 
with bare hands. Presently one of the Indians 
thought of a plan, and taking a piece oi canvas, 
which happened to be in the car, he, with the others 
helping, filled it with gravel from the creek bed and 
carried it to the ruts. In this way the depressions 
were soon filled and the axle passed over the pro- 
jecting hindrance without any knowledge of its 
presence. In this experience came anew this 
thought: Rather than try to remove the obstacle, 
better is it to rise above and pass over. 

About the work at Mongrol, where is located a 
boarding-school, opened last year, Mrs. Kaylor says 
thus: "The school has been operating with more or 
less success. It does one good to see the bright, 
active boys in attendance, to mingle with them and 
note their response to friendship. The work has its 
difficulties. The great need is that of workers — true, 
consecrated Christian people, with a desire to see 
souls saved. There is also some opposition, and more 
than once have the boys been frightened away from 
school by stories of their being defiled if they 
remain. However, we have been able to get them 
to return. ^t 

" Because of the big opportunity presented in this 
field it was thought wise this year that the tour- 
ing missionary with his family spend the season 
at this place, rather than move about as is usually 
done. This makes it easier as far as the physical 
comforts are concerned, but this is of secondary 
importance when souls are at stake. 

" Perhaps on no occasion was the friendliness of 
the people more appreciated than one evening while 
1 was alone in camp. Just at dusk the grass roof 
of the little cook room caught on fire and in a 
few minutes was blazing merrily, threatening the 
tent and the whole touring outfit. The distressed 
cry for help reached the ears of the village people, 
and in an amazingly short time everyone was present 
working with a will to save the tent, for it was 
evident that nothing could save the grass hut. In 
spite of the hot blaze everything was saved except 
the evening meal, which was in the process of 
preparation, and a few minor articles. A new five- 
gallon tin of kerosene was all but forgotten. One 
went back and quickly scraped off blazing debris 
from on top and carried it out. Bad as the wreckage 
looked that evening, the expressions of sympathy 
cheered the heart and made one feel that truly the 


The Missionary Visitor 



milk of human kindness was not lacking even among 
these jungly folk. Before retiring that night the 
little group of Christians gathered to thank the 
Heavenly Father for the protection, without which 
the fire would have meant entire destruction. The 
next day a new cook room was built and the work 
went on as before." j8 

Today a man walked fifteen miles, passing by the 
government dispensary, to get medicine from a 
missionary who is neither doctor nor nurse. Many 
thus come for help. For skin diseases, fevers and 
minor maladies we give such medical relief as we 
can in connection with our other work. 


At present the Kaylors are out at Dahanu getting 
acquainted with little Myrtle Eilene, who came to 
join their family membership Feb. 4. 


Collected by Marie Brubaker 
Show Yang 

During the all-China Evangelistic Week the Chris- 
tian women and girls cooperated in fine spirit. We 
met together each morning for prayers, and then 
divided into three or four groups, some going to 
near-by villages, some into the city, and some going 
by cart to more distant villages. We felt in a 
special way the blessings of our Heavenly Father 
during this week. The people seemed more open and 
more eager to listen to the Good News than ever 
before. One of the groups got into a home where 
a woman twenty some years ago, before the Boxer 
uprising, had heard the gospel story, and still had 
a carefully-preserved picture of the Prodigal Son, and 
was familiar with its story. How wonderful the 
Lord does lead into places we know not! May 
the seed planted years ago in this heart be nurtured 
until this woman comes to know the fullness of life 
which is in Christ our Savior. 

Special effort was made during this time by the 
women workers to get in touch with former school- 
girls, to encourage them in their new homes (which 
are non- Christian) to live true to the teaching re- 
ceived in their school days. These girls, several of 
whom are Christians, have had no choice, for the 
most part, in the selection of the home into which 
they have been married. It is not easy for them 
to follow their own heart wishes. They need very 
much your help in prayer, that they may live true 
to their Savior and witness for him even in most 
adverse circumstances. 

Our hearts rejoiced when in the village of Chang 
Tsun one fine Christian woman, Li Kai Mei, who 
had been in school but is now kept from coming 
by her husband, suggested that if she had some 
pictures she would be glad to teach the women 
in her village. Charts are being prepared. She is 
also planning to open a Sunday-school class just as 
soon as material can be provided. This is the spirit 
which will eventually evangelize China. 

The Woman's school reopened Feb. 21, after the 
Chinese New Year. No pupils appeared until two 
days later, when one woman came in to read half 

a day. However, four days later four were in 
attendance. We hope the others will be coming 
in in a few days. J& 

The schools opened Feb. 22 for the second half 
year. The boys and girls returned in fine spirits 
and the teachers are very busy again. The enroll- 
ment in the boys' school was increased by the ar- 
rival of eleven new pupils. The girls' school added 
seven girls. This is very interesting to us and 
pleasing as well. Because of the anti-Christian spirit 
among some of the people there was fear that the 
enrollment might decrease. We interpret this in- 
crease to mean that the community is learning to 
appreciate the work of the church in this department. 
We also believe that the Lord will use the schools 
to his glory. Since the criticism of the church last 
summer there has been an increased number of 
visitors at the school. Some remarked that it was 
a real philanthropic work by good people. We 
therefore believe that the opposition is creating in- 
terest which is helping the people to see and believe. 

The week of evangelism was observed rather dif- 
ferently this year from what it has been in previous 
years. In place of going into villages and doing 
promiscuous preaching on the streets, we went in 
groups of two and three into the homes of Christians 
or of people we knew were friendly to the church. 
We received a welcome response in every village 
we attempted to visit. Bro. Ho and Bro. Hsun made 
several villages at a distance. There were two vil- 
lages in each of which one Christian resided. Be- 
cause of some opposition from the village people, 
Bro. Ho took advantage of the New Year season 
to go to these villages and explain the position of 
Christians in relation to idolatry and many other 
forms of heathen custom. 

The Dragon festival was observed Feb. 16-18. The 
streets were beautifully decorated with lanterns and 
fires of various sorts. The people usually take 
advantage of this festival to visit the mission com- 
pound and foreign houses. The groups this year 
were large, but not as large as in former years. 
This gave us a better opportunity to make definite 
contacts for Christ. Among the guests of this fes- 
tival were two families from about thirty miles out 
in the country. They came and lived at the mission 
compound. They are not Christian, but when we 
go to their village they take us into their homes 
and make us feel perfectly welcome. In this way 
they are getting a view of Christianity that they 
could not otherwise get. 

We conducted two Bible classes during the month, 
one in the county seat of Yu County, the other 
in the west section of Yu County. Bro. Ho was 
in charge of these classes, and his report is not yet 
in. The people generally welcome us gladly in these 
two sections of the country. The boys' school in 
the county seat offers an unusually good opportunity 
for evangelistic work. »j 

Ping Ting 

The girls' school opened Feb. 21. The enrollment 
is a little better than last term. One little boy 
died a few days ago. Almost two years ago he was 
bitten by a clog with rabies. His wound healed, but 



The Missionary Visitor 


last week one day the dreadful disease broke out 
and the third day he died. It was so sad that such 
a fine little boy should meet such a fate. He was 
an orphan child and Sister Baker was taking care 
of him. jj 

During the vacation most of the girls went home. 
The few who stayed were busy with sewing, especial- 
ly making shoes for themselves and other members 
of their families. During the evangelistic week most 
of them went out each day, helping to sing and 
to tell the gospel story. 

One of our girls wrote that she couldn't return 
to school this semester, as her father had no work. 
This man is a church member and formerly was 
employed as a lay evangelist, but because of some 
difficulties lost his position. Since then he hasn't 
been so warm-hearted toward the church, and would 
rather sell his girl for a big sum of money than 
to make an honest effort to help her finish her 
school work. Some one, who loves the girl, offered 
to pay the food money this term. Now she is back 
and promises to graduate in June, with honors. 
Oh, how we long and pray that this fine, intelligent 
girl may be permitted to prepare herself for a leader 
of her own people ! ^ 

This month a number of our nurses in the hos- 
pital were made happy because of receiving word 
that they had passed their examinations. All during 
December they had worked hard, for besides their 
regular work they reviewed for the examination, 
which is given by the Nurses' Association of China. 
This examination took place Jan. 12. Eleven nurses 
took the examinations, seven taking the finals, and 
four the first part. Ten out of the eleven passed, 
one of the girls having failed in a minor subject. 
Thus we will have seven graduates this year. One 
of the senior boys said he prayed every day while 
he was taking the examination, that he might have 
a peaceful heart and a clear mind, and he promised 
that he would give two dollars to the Lord's work. 
Now he says the Lord has done his part and he 
expects to do his and give the money. It will mean 
more to him than to some of us in America, when 
we realize that his monthly salary is only $4.50. 
Another of the boy nurses said that he and three 
other boys had a prayer meeting together every 
morning before they went into the examination room. 
They feel that their prayers were answered, and 
they are more convinced than ever that God an- 
swers prayer. The graduation exercises will be held 
on Florence Nightingale's birthday, the 12th of May. 

Since the first of the month the industrial work 
has been cut down for the women, as it has been 
impossible for almost three months to send packages 
to the States, and also impossible to get materials 
from the coast cities. The women are almost frantic, 
as times are so hard and they can hardly under- 
stand the reasons for not having the work. We 
ask that those of our people who are buying and 
selling the work will be patient until we can get 
the work to you. We need sales very badly to 
keep the work going, as our orders have been falling 
off some in the past months. 

The Chinese spent this month in " getting over 

the New Year." It is their time for feasting, enter- 
taining their friends, and the general holiday season. 
The foreigners were entertained and also took the 
opportunity to do some entertaining among their 
Chinese friends. »• 

The second week of the month both men and 
women made a special effort to get into the homes 
of all the Christians in the city. The Christians 
seemed to appreciate the visits. Many of them have 
not been to church for a long time, and we feel a 
special effort should be made to get these children of 
God in closer communion with him. On Friday 
afternoon of this week all of the Christians were 
invited to come to the church for an hour of fellow- 
ship and a cup of tea together. How we do long 
to get our baptized Christians on fire for Christ, 
for if all the baptized Christians would win one 
it would not be long until we could live in a 
Christian China. ^» 

Liao Chou 

The outstanding feature of this month was the 
observance of the Chinese New Year and the week 
of evangelism when we made a special effort to 
get all the Christians to leave their regular duties 
and bring Christ to those who know him not. 

Four groups of men made daily visits to the 
near-by villages, as well as in the city. A special 
effort was made to become more thoroughly ac- 
quainted with a class of homes which we had never 
been able to reach. Our theme and message was, 
" Be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his 
might. Put on the whole armor of God, that ye 
may be able to stand against principalities, powers, 
the rulers of the darkness of this world, and spiritual 
wickedness in high places." 


There were ten bands of women, consisting of two 
or more, that went out to the section of the city 
assigned to them previously, and preached to the 
women in the homes. The four subjects were: "Do 
not drink wine "; " Advice to young mothers that 
they eat good food themselves and make a special 
effort to care for their own health and that of 
their children"; "Children, obey your parents"; 
" Worship of the true God." The retreat that was 
held the previous week, in which prayer had a 
great part, was found to be very helpful. Some 
time was also spent in this meeting to make plans 
complete. The daily prayer meetings held at the 
church each day before going out into the work also 
proved a great benefit to those who went out to 
preach. Each group visited in twenty or more homes 
during the week, and practically all of the homes 
in the city and suburbs were visited. We hope to 
do a great deal of follow-up work, by sending Bible 
women into the homes. 


Sometime before the Chinese New Year we had 
three days of plans and prayers with the Christians, 
strengthening them for the temptations of these days. 
They talked over what was right for them to do at 
this time, and what was not right. This is the 
great time for worshiping the gods, and it is easy 
for the weak Christians to follow the old customs. 


The Missionary Visitor 


<8 Gf?£ Ofrrrktfni' Qorn^r 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

The Meeting of the General Mission Board 

The regular April meeting of the General 
Mission Board was held April 20 and 21, 
prior to the meeting of the Council of Pro- 
motion on April 22. This was a regular 
quarterly meeting. Missionaries present 
were A. G. Butterbaugh and A. S. B. Miller 
from India ; Mary Cline, Samuel Bowman, 
and Mrs. F. H. Crumpacker from China ; 
Mrs. F. E. Mallott and Dr. Homer L. Burke 
from Africa. 

Many of the items of business are such 
that they are of real interest to the church. 
Among them may be listed the following: 

The China Mission Situation 

Because of the revolution in China the 
American consul has advised all missionaries 
to leave Shansi Province in which we work. 
This advice is given, not because of any 
imminent danger, but because of a growing 
anti-foreign feeling throughout the country 
which might suddenly cause a real menace 
to foreigners. The general opinion of those 
acquainted with the situation is that mis- 
sionary work will be best helped by tem- 
porary withdrawal from mission stations. 

Our Board sent a cable to our missionaries 
who are now assembled at Tientsin, a coast 
city, authorizing the Field Committee to do 
as circumstances require in managing their 
interests. Authority was given, if they think 
best, for John Hollenberg and wife, E. L. 
Ikenberry and family, R. C. Flory and fam- 
ily, Emma Horning, and Elizabeth Baker to 
return to America at once. Permission was 
given, if the Field Committee finds it abso- 
lutely necessary, for others to come later. 
They were instructed to keep some one, or 
more, as near as possible to our work to 
conserve all the spiritual and property in- 
terests to the best advantage. The field was 
authorized to give financial aid to the Chi- 
nese workers to carry on the evangelistic 

work, and other phases of the work, as far 
as advisable. 

New Missionaries Appointed 

Dr. Russell Robertson and wife were ap- 
pointed for service in Africa. Susan Stoner 
was appointed to go to India. The Board 
authorized the sending of a nurse to both 
India and Africa, and a doctor to India, this 
year. These workers are not yet selected, 
but the Board hopes to do this at its meeting 
at Conference in Hershey, Pa., June 8. The 
Board approved of Christina Masterton 
Kulp as a missionary to Africa. Visitor 
readers will recall that Miss Masterton 
recently became the wife of Mr. H. Stover 
Kulp. Her name, along with others, will 
be presented to the Hershey Annual Confer- 
ence for approval. 


Floyd E. Mallott, Clarence Heckman and 
wife, and William Beahm and wife, of the 
Africa mission, were granted furloughs to 
America for 1928. 

Emma Horning, the only missionary on 
the China field due to come home on fur- 
lough next year, is coming this spring. 

J. M. Blough, D. J. Lichty, L. A. Blicken- 
staff, with their wives and families, Olive 
Widdowson, B. Mary Rover, and Elsie 
Shickel, of the India field, were granted 
furloughs to America for 1928. 
. Formal approval was given for the return 
of Ernest Vaniman and family and Miss 
Grace Clapper, who have just arrived in 
America for health reasons. 

Famine Relief 

In certain parts of our India mission the 
crop shortage is so acute that the mission 
has pronounced it a semi-famine situation. 
The mission requested 5,000 Rs. for famine 
relief. The Board granted this sum, cabling 



The Missionary Visitor 


the mission permission to spend money up 
to this amount in employing needy people 
for improvements which have to be made on 
mission property. While the Board does 
not contemplate a large famine relief cam- 
paign in the home church, yet contributions 
for this India Famine Fund are urgently 
Rigid Physical Examinations 

Because of serious losses in workers on 
account of health conditions, the Board 
authorized a committee to establish more 
rigid physical examinations for outgoing 
1,000 Rs. for Bible School 

The India field requested 1,000 Rs. addi- 
tional to their 1927 budget for Bible school 
work. The need for this money is because 
of a larger opportunity in Bible work than 
they had anticipated when the 1927 budget 
was presented a year ago. Rs. 1,000 equal 

Children's Allowances 

The Board fixed the rate of children's 
support for missionaries in Africa at $120 
for each child below six years of age, and 
$240 per year for those older than six. 
Conference Budget for year ending Feb. 
28, 1929 

The Board authorized a proposed budget 
for all of its work for the year ending Feb. 
28, 1929, as follows: 

India $168,000.00 

China 75,000.00 

Sweden 9,000.00 

Africa 36,000.00 

Home field 49,500.00 

Administration 12,000.00 

Missionary education, including 

Missionary Visitor, 16,000.00 

Missionary relief 15,000.00 

Church extension 10,000.00 

Student loan 2,000.00 

Total, $392,500.0J 

Less expected income from sources 

other than donations 45,000.03 

Total $347,500.00 

This budget to cover the proposed mis- 
sionary work for the year mentioned will be 
presented to the Annual Church Conference 
for approval as submitted, or as the Confer- 
ence may wish to change it. 
Home Mission Grants 

The Home Mission Department has ar- 
ranged that the various Districts requesting 

financial assistance in this Home Mission 
work shall present their requests in the 
April meeting. This accounts for a rather 
large number of requests coming in at this 

Approximately $34,000 was granted for 
various phases of Home Mission work. 

$16,500.00 was granted as loans on church 
Personal Solicitation 

The Board authorized some financial solic- 
itation among certain churches which have 
not been contributing to missions. Generally 
speaking, it is the plan of the Board that 
responsibility for raising missionary money 
shall rest with the local congregations. 

In order adequately to prepare the busi- 
ness for the Board, the office needed to have 
typewritten more than eighty pages of 
closely typewritten matter. The Board ap- 
preciates the many prayers and keen heart 
interest on the part of the members of the 
Brotherhood in the missionary labors of the 
church. H. Spenser Minnich. 


A Missionary Sermon Outline By Evangelist 

Oliver H. Austin 

Scripture— Rom. 1: 8-16 or 10: 1-15. 

Text— Rom. 1 : 16. 

Slogan — " The best remedy for a sick church 

is to put it on a Missionary Diet." 

The relation between Evangelism and Mis- 
The Essential Missionary Character of 
Christianity— Matt. 28: 19-20. 
Our Home Field. 

Our Task and Program. 

Create Evangelistic and Missionary Sen- 
Create Sentiment for a Warless World. 
Create Sentiment to Eliminate a Child- 
less Church. 
Create Sentiment for Christian Educa- 
tion that will furnish Missionaries and 
Create Sentiment for Evangelism from 

the Pew. 
Create Sentiment for Christian Steward- 
*Our Work Abroad. 
Our Beginning in Denmark and Sweden 
Our Beginning in India. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Our Beginning in China. 
Our Beginning in Africa. 
I. THE OBLIGATION— Rom. 1 : 14 ; 10 : 

1. I am debtor — to India, China and 
II. THE ARGUMENT— Rom. 10: 11-13. 

III. THE AMBITION— Rom. 15 : 20. 

1. For I long to see you — Rom. 1 : 11. 

2. Making it my aim to preach — Rom. 
15: 20. 

IV. THE PASSION— Acts 16: 9-10. 
1. The Vision of Paul. 

V. THE MESSAGE— Rom. 1 : 16. 

1. Not a Theological Discussion. 

2. But— WHAT? WHY? HOW? 

1. The What? — I am not ashamed of 
the Gospel. 

2. The Why? — For it is the power of 
of God unto Salvation. 

3. The How? — To all that believe. 

1. Will we be like Jonah? — Jonah 1 : 1-2. 

2. Will we be like Moses?— Ex. 4: 10. 

3. Will we be like Isaiah? — Isa. 6: 8. 

4. Will we be like Paul?— Rom. 1: 15. 

*Note. Bro. Elgin Moyer's book, " Our Missions 
Abroad," is a splendid simple treatise of our foreign 
mission work. Price, 50c. Order from Brethren 
Publishing- House, Elgin, 111. 

Missionary Program of Mt. Joy (Pa.) 


(Editor's Note. The Missionary Committee of the 
Mt. Joy church has taken the right step in for- 
mulating plans for missionary work throughout the 
year. Missions requires activity, and a local church 
can accomplish its work far better by facing its 
task in some manner similar to this.) 

I. Organization. 

1. Missionary Committee. 

(1) Chairman— Mr. L. R. Fox, Mt. 
Pleasant, Pa. 

(2) Vice-chairman — Mrs. S. A. Summy, 
Mt. Pleasant, Pa., R. 2. 

(3) Secretary — Martha Neiderhiser, 
Mt. Pleasant, Pa., R. 2. 

2. Set time for meeting — second Tuesday 
of each month. 

3. Committee has charge of all mission- 
ary activities and program of the 

II. Program. 

First Quarter. 
1. First Month. 

1. Semimonthly Ladies' Aid. 

2. Third Sunday, Missionary Day in 

(a) Regular offering. 

(b) Talk. 

(c) Picture fact leaflets. 

(d) Weekly envelope system. 

(To be used each month.) 

2. Second Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Third Sunday Evening — special 
program and offering. 

3. Third Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Missionary sermon and prayer 
service (Third Sunday). 

Second Quarter 

1. First Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Church School of Missions (Af- 

(c) Slides on Africa. 

2. Second Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Church School of Missions. 

(c) Lecture by returned missionary, 
Conference offering and Visitor sub- 

3. Third Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Church School of Missions. 

(c) Missionary sermon (Third Sun- 

Third Quarter 

1. First Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Poster contest in Y. P. D. 

2. Second Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Special program and offering 
(Third Sunday). 

3. Third Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

Fourth Quarter 

1. First month. 

(a) Regular program. 

2. Second Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Play or pageant and Thanksgiv- 
ing offering. 

3. Third Month. 

(a) Regular program. 

(b) Missionary address, slides or lec- 

(Outside Talent) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 


Worship Period. 

A Pageant— The Needle Pushers. 

Poem written by Mrs. Ida Snavely. 

Reader — Mrs. Edna Thomas Wetsel. 
First Scene — Aid Society Group. 
Second Scene — India Hospital Group. 
Third Scene — China Group. 
Fourth Scene — India Boarding School 

Fifth Scene — Greene County School Group. 
Sixth Scene — Africa Group. 
Song—" Take My Life and Let It Be." 
Business Period. 


Sitting in a foreign missionary conference 
some months ago, I was impressed as never 
before, with what Christ and his coming 
into the world has meant to womanhood. 
Here Christian men and women sat side by 
side, earnestly discussing ways and means 
of winning the world for Christ. As speaker 
after speaker told of the needs of many 
heathen lands, and especially of the down- 
trodden and degraded condition of the 
women, one could not but contrast the hap- 
py, contented women of our Christian land 
with the unhappy, hopeless ones of heathen 
countries. And then the thought came, are 
we, the women so richly blessed, doing all 
we can for our poor sisters who walk in 
darkness? Will not we, the women of our 
church, do everything in our power to bring 
happiness and Christian joy to those who 
know not Christ? We must if we would 
pay the debt we owe to them and to our 

The Day of Prayer for Missions has come 
and gone. To some of us this was a new 
experience and a most blessed one. Our 

little band of women at Linville Creek en- 
tered into this service most earnestly, each 
one present taking part, and all came out 
of it feeling that they had been revived 
spiritually, by unitedly praying for the mis- 
sions and missionaries of the whole world. 
We are already planning for a fuller service 
next year. It would be interesting to know 
how many groups of women in our church 
observed this day. 

Mrs. J. J. Johnson of Springfield, Ohio, 
suggests that as we are planning to have 
an Aid Society exhibit at our Conference, 
each society send in something for this ex- 
hibit, and that after displaying the articles 
for a few days, they be sold and the funds 
given to the General Mission Board. A fine 
idea, which we hope can be carried out. 
Mrs. J. C. Myers. 

Last year the following Districts had the 
largest receipts in Aid Society work : 

Southern Ohio, $11,944.59. 

Western Pennsylvania, $8,913.38. 

Northern Indiana, $8,115.58. 

Middle Indiana, $6,859.93. 

Eastern Pennsylvania, $5,949.11. 

Northern Illinois, $5,735.88. 

Southern California, $5,312.94. 



Southern Ohio — Mrs. J. A. Robinson, 


Feb. 16, 1927, the ladies of the Southern 
Ohio Aid Societies experienced another very 
profitable meeting. This was our third an- 
nual District Aid Society meeting and was 
held in the Brookville church. The attend- 
ance and interest grow a little stronger each 

This year we were very fortunate to have 
Sister Ruth Mallott, returned missionary 
from Africa, and Sister C. C. Sollenberger, 
returned missionary from China, with us. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Each brought a message, which added much 
interest to the meeting. 

Our District now has 42 societies. We are 
not quite 100%, but hope to attain this per- 
fection before long. West Dayton heads 
the financial list, with an income of $1,788.10 
this year. This society serves dinners at the 
church twice a month. They have won the 
confidence of the people by serving splendid 
meals at a reasonable cost, hence their 
patronage is quite large and they are able 
to do big things. The Bradford society 
comes second, with an income of $1,274.21. 
This society has won some fame by making 
good sugar cookies. These are made at the 
church and sold while warm. They also had 
several food markets during the year. Trot- 
wood society comes third, with an income 
of $1,058.63. This society does beautiful 
handwork. Their motto seems to be, " All 
things made well and neat." They have 
ready sale for most of their material. They 
came to this meeting with a delegation of 
fifty women. Other societies have splendid 
reports and are engaged in many activities. 
Last year our total receipts were nearly 
$13,000, a gain of nearly $2,000 over the 
previous year. 

We feel our District Aid Meeting has been 
quite beneficial to us. Each year we have 
an exhibit room. Each society is asked to 
bring one or more articles for display. In 
this way patterns and ideas are exchanged 
and sometimes the articles are sold. 

Western Pennsylvania — Mrs. L. S. Knepper, 

Our records show a steady growth in the 
Aid Society work of our District, until at 
the present time we have 43 active societies, 
with an approximate enrollment of 900 mem- 
bers, thus doubling the number of societies 
as well as the enrollment during the past 
five years. I attribute this increase in num- 
bers and interest to two things, namely the 
" semiannual District gatherings " and " A 
unified program." 

Our semiannual District gatherings are 
held in conjunction with our General Dis- 
trict Meeting in the spring of the year, 
either March or April, and in conjunction 
with our District Sunday-school Convention 
in August. Prior to each of these meetings 
the officers of the District arrange a pro- 
gram for the time allotted to us. At the 

spring meetings we are given the privilege 
of holding both a forenoon and afternoon 
meeting, and at the August meeting we have 
one two-hour period. After the program 
has been arranged the secretary usually 
prints the same, together with a letter of 
invitation, and sends it to all of the societies 
in the District. Frequently these letters are 
also mailed to some women in the congrega- 
tions where no societies have yet been or- 
ganized. This has a tendency to make them 
feel that they are wanted to join in this 
great work of the kingdom, and often has 
been the means of the organization of a new 

I here purpose to give a little explanation 
of the manner in which our meetings have 
been conducted in the past. Six years ago, 
when I became secretary, we usually held 
just one short meeting in some small room 
of the church, but as the interest grew and 
the attendance increased, the brethren in 
charge of locating the places in the church 
for the various Conferences have given us 
the main audience room, and at the last Con- 
ference the room was entirely filled. In the 
spring meeting we hold the election of offi- 
cers and such other business as we feel is 
necessary for the success of the work. This 
year we adopted the budget system. Fol- 
lowing the business session we conduct an 
open forum. Our August meetings are large- 
ly inspirational. 

The Unified Program. Up to five years 
ago our District was united on the one 
project as promoted by the general organi- 
zation, but in 1922 we decided to work unit- 
edly in helping to promote the erection of 
mission churches in our District, in addition 
to helping the general organization. The 
interest began to increase, and for the year 
1926-1927 we adopted a budget which in- 
cluded $400 for the Ruth Royer Kulp Me- 
morial Hospital, $500 for the Home Mission 
Building Fund, $200 for District Old Folks' 
Home, and $100 for general expense. I am 
happy to state that while every society did 
not contribute to every item, all contributed 
to at least one, and we were able to meet 
our obligations. 

The societies do numerous things to re- 
plenish their treasury. Most of them do 
quilting and fancy work. Others serve 
meals in the church or at public sales. Many 

(Continued on Page 153) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Prepared by Anna Miller, Chicago 

Dear Juniors : Run and ask your mother if 
she has an empty baking powder can. Now 
see if you can decorate it in some manner as 
suggestive as this. It's to be a receptacle for 
" Our Black Brothers' Fund." I think there 
are some artists among you, and I would 

really like to know how you do it. The little 
metal "black brother" in the slot at the 
top nods his thanks every time you drop a 
coin. Wouldn't it be fun to drop something 
in often, just to see him nod so happily? 

It's all for the sake of Nigeria. But don't 
pronounce it " nigger-y." "Negro" is the 
proper, generic name for the black people, 
and they accept it, the same as we whites 
accept " Caucasian " as a race name. Some 
of these black folks are sprinkled all over 
this country. If you want to insult them, 
call them "niggers." But I can hardly con- 
ceive of any one trying to be a missionary, 
and teach the love and patience of Jesus to 
all men, deliberately insulting those whom 
they are trying to help by calling them offen- 
sive names. How would you like to be called 
" Chink," " Dago," or some other uncom- 
plimentary name? And maybe you are say- 
ing " dear brother " in the same breath ! The 
Golden Rule works both ways ! 

A bunch of Juniors at Harrisburg, Pa., 
made "barrels of money" last year for Liao 
Chou. They are on tiptoes to do the same 
thing this year for " Our Black Brothers. ' 
Barrels and baking powder cans are first 
cousins! I am wishing every one of you the 
best kind of luck this summer, whether it is 
raising rutabagas, digging ditches, shining 
shoes, canning cherries, or building bird- 
houses ! 

Aunt Adalyn. 

Kapable Kiddies, of Troutville, Va., Who Helped 
Put Liao Chou Across. Picture sent by W. M. Kahle. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Which Way Shall They Turn ? 

(A Story to Be Used in Presenting the Africa Poster to Children) 

Missionary to Africa 

A SHEPHERD boy came home whis- 
tling with his flocks of sheep and 
goats. In his country there are no 
fences, and so he had to watch his father's 
flocks from the corn. The sheep and goats 
were to spend the night in a little round 
mud hut, the only opening being securely 
shut to save them from becoming the prey 
of the wild beasts in the country round 

As our shepherd-boy friend neared his 
father's compound, or enclosure, the flocks 
began to shy off and he heard a strange voice 
within. It was that of the missionary " ma- 
lam," or teacher, who was visiting with his 
mother and blind father. Could it be that 
they were talking about him? Yes, he heard 
them mention his name, Anjugwi. 

There was a halt in the conversation. The 
missionary greeted him and stepped to the 
background while the sheep and goats trot- 
ted into their tiny fold. The visitor made a 
few friendly comments about the flocks and 
then asked our little shepherd boy if he 
would not like to come to school. He grunted 
a hearty assent, for he had had a few days' 
taste of school before his father's corn was 

The missionary left this pagan compound 
with quite a definite promise that the bright- 
eyed Anjugwi would be at school the next 
day. School was held the following day with- 
out him. Upon further inquiry of the mother 
at the market that day she told of all the 
work he had to do at home and of the 
flocks to tend. It seemed that the parents 
had changed their minds overnight. 

A few days passed and the blind father was 
sent for by the missionary. The missionary 
was in need of a boy to heip get some ground 
ready for planting. He proposed to the fa- 
ther that the little shepherd boy should 
work for him a couple of hours each morn- 
ing. He would allow him to attend the 
school until about noon, watch the flocks all 
afternoon, and then work a little more in the 
evening, for which he would receive a rea- 
sonable wage. There was no more complaint 

about all the work Anjugwi had to do at 
home, for now little Anjugwi was to add a 
few precious pennies to the father's meagre 

Thus it was that our little shepherd boy 
began coming to our home each morning and 
in the evening until about dark, when he 
would go to sleep on a grass mat on the 
floor of a mud hut with his mother and dear 
little sister and brother. We found him most 
faithful and willing. So many of the boys 
would shirk their duty, but he was a little 
man from the very start. One was tempted 
to impose on him. He was nicknamed " didu," 
or apt, by his classmates, for he was quick, 
to learn. He was learning to read and write 
and count and his pagan parents were be- 
ginning to take notice of him. He loved to 
hear the story of Joseph and his shepherd 
brethren, for they lived much the same then 
as our Bura people do now. Did not David 
carry a sling to throw stones much the same 
as he was used to doing? And it was the 
shepherd men that first came to see the 
Baby Jesus, about whom he had been hear- 
ing so much. Our little shepherd boy was 
getting lessons of cleanliness, thrift and 
fair play. Most of all he loved to learn new 
Christian songs in his own language, so 
that he could go home and teach them to 
his little brother and sister. 

A month or so passed and the corn was 
harvested. There was no longer need for 
the flocks to be taken to pasture. Anjugwi 
worked with the missionary all day except 
schdol hours. He and the other black boys 
met for evening prayers with the mission- 
ary. They sang their choice Christian songs. 
He listened to some of the other boys breathe 
prayers for all of the missionaries and their 
work ; for the black boys and girls, that 
they might be quick to learn in the school ; 
for the sick at the hospital ; for God's peo- 
ple in America who sent the missionary 
teachers to them; and for all their own peo- 
ple, that they might be saved through the 
blood of Christ that was shed for all. Finally 
one evening the missionary asked Anjugv' 


The Missionary Visitor 


to pray. He uttered a few faltering sentences 
and then tried to lead in praying the Lord's 
Prayer. He forgot when he was about half- 
way through. Another boy prompted him 
and finally the ordeal was over. The mission- 
ary tried to compliment him on this fine be- 
ginning; some of the other boys encouraged 
him and others were tempted to laugh. Thus 
it was that our little shepherd boy learned to 
talk with our loving Father whom his parents 
knew but to fear. 

The time came that he became feverishly 
ill. He was given quinine by his missionary 
mother and released from his work. He lay 
by the warm fire with a blanket about his 
body and thought of his own mother. Soon 
she appeared on the scene and, in spite of the 
kind care of the missionary, he went to his 
pagan home to undergo his mother's treat- 
ment for fever and headache, that of bleed- 
ing the nose. He was soon well and back 
at work, still faithful in turning over nearly 
all of his wages to his pagan father. For 
was he not their little son and taught by the 
missionary to love and honor his father and 
mother? The little sister and brother in the 
home would often beg to bring his daily 
portion of food, but they were usually too 
bashful to say a word in the presence of the 

Day by day Anjugwi has learned more of 
the white man's ways and of the Christ 
whom he has come to tell them about. After 
scarcely three years of contact with the mis- 
sionary he is beginning to tell the Story. He 
is getting to the age when he can understand 
a little of what it means to be a Christian. 

But what of the religion that some of his 
black brothers are teaching in many villages? 
Are these teachers not of the same color 
of skin? The Mohammedan " malams " or 
teachers are also teaching to read and write 
and telling of one God. Their script is dif- 
ferent from that of the white man's. They, 
like the white man, teach against drinking 
beer, but teach that a man may have more 
than one wife. Their belief in charms is 
much the same as that of the pagan. Their 
God is too merciful to punish for sin, and 
heaven is more like this life. They tell the 
black people that the white man's religion is 
a lie. 

All this propaganda must be thought over 
by our little shepherd boy. He had learned 

to love and confide in the missionary as well 
as his mother. The missionary re r ers him 
time and again to our sinless Christ and 
Savior, quoting many passages from the 
Bible, and especially those found in the Bura 
translation of Mark's Gospel, which Anjugwi 
can read. The missionary's life and teach- 
ings are weighed in the balances along with 
the life and teachings of the Mohammedan 
" malam." Our little shepherd boy is not 
slow to recognize the joy in the home of 
the missionary where the one and only 
wife has equal rights with the husband and 
is really loved by him. The little white babe 
is fondled and cleanliness and purity abound. 
The Mohammedan " malam " conceals his 
wives in their little filthy huts. The bright- 
eyed shepherd boy chooses to bow at the 
feet of Jesus. The missionary's heart is full 
of joy over the salvation of this precious 

But what of the many other black boys and 
girls who have not yet heard of the mis- 
sionary or our Christ? Those who are not 
touched by the lives and teaching of Chris- 
tian missionaries? Are we willing to trust 
them to the salvation offered by the Mo- 
hammedan teachers, who jeer at our Christ? 

The left picture on our Africa Poster shows 
the hero of our story — our little shepherd 
boy, Anjugwi. In the middle picture you can 
see many of his classmates in the mission 
school at Garkidda. Each one must decide in 
his own mind whether he will accept the 
teachings of Mohammed or make Christ King 
of his life. The picture on the right might 
represent the future of our little black girls — 
the burdens they must bear in their native 
state of servitude — if we fail to share the 
blessings of God. WHICH WAY SHALL 
WE TURN? Shall we take the road that 
means the giving of lives and of our means 
to preach the Gospel to our black brothers 
and sisters, or shall we keep the Gospel to 
ourselves alone? 


Every Junior should read pages 132 and 
133. The work of the church must rest on 
the shoulders of the children now and to a 
larger extent as they grow older. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pleasant Chapel, Indiana (Northern District) 

During the past summer the children of 
our Sunday-school gathered funds for Liao 
Chou. Some raised chickens, some planted 
potatoes, and the Sunday-school gave us the 
children's class offering of the first Sunday 
in each month. In December we brought the 
funds together. Upon counting we found we 
had $30.40. At this time we gave a short pro- 
gram, telling what we had tried to do and 
why. It has been interesting work, and we 
hope it may bear fruit in years to come. 

Ashley, Ind. Mrs. Roy Kanage. 

Peters Creek Junior League at silent prayer. Leader 
Emma Garst appears with them. Not all the 
Juniors were present. Picture sent by W. M. Kahle. 

Sidney, Indiana 

Last spring one brother gave the children 
six dollars, and they brought almost fifty- 
two back. This spring another brother is 
giving the quarters, and the children are 
very much interested. We had two little 
beginners that brought over six dollars 
apiece last year. 

Mrs. E. P. Tridle, Supt. Primary Dept. 


m ?>?&■■. f 

Jubilant Juniors of Bonsacks, Va., Wbo Jumped at 
the Chance to Help Liao Chou. Picture sent by 
W. M. Kahle. 

Juniors of Boise Valley Sunday-school. They all 
took dimes last spring and returned as high as 
$5.00 apiece. Picture sent by their teacher, Mrs. 
Russell Brockus, Meridian, Idaho; R. 1. 

Washington, D. C. 

My class of little folks, thirteen in number, 
ages seven to nine, are earnestly at work for 
" our black brothers." Stanley Miller, age 
eight, deserves special mention, since he, be- 
sides selling candy, cards and papers amount- 
ing to several dollars, recently contributed 
one dollar, a gift from his grandfather. We 
have some enthusiastic workers among our 
Juniors. Sara Garber. 

331 Fifth St., S. E. 

Peters Creek, First District of Virginia 

The Junior Church League was organized 
May, 1926. As the leaders each have Sunday- 
school classes, they take regular turns at 
arranging the programs. These are given 
twice a month, to a public audience. Some 
of the boys and girls had project work. They 
gave one-tenth to Liao Chou, which amount- 
ed to $14.80. We expect every Junior to have 
a project this year for Africa. They are al- 
ways ready to accept the tasks assigned and 
willingly do their best. We use Sister 
Heckman's programs and like them very 

L. S. Shepherd, Mrs. Maggie Garst, Mrs. 
Emma F. Garst, Junior Leaders. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I enter your circle? I 
have never written before, but I enjoy reading the 
leters from the Juniors. I am thirteen years old, 
and in the seventh grade. I have a good teacher. I 
have three brothers and three sisters. My little 
brother was four in April. We go to the Brethren 
church at Fruitland, Idaho. We all belong to it ex- 
cept my little brother and my sister. The name of 
my Sunday-school class is " Golden Gleaners." I 
think that is a good name. We live about a mile 
and a half from town. We go to school on a school 


The Missionary Visitor 


Two Liao Chou Prize Winners, Mildren Walden. 
Who Earned $32.20; and Harry Bovey, Who Earned 
$35.00. Picture sent by Naomi C. Evans, Secretary 
Missionary Committee, 4631 49th St., N. W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

truck. I would like some girls to write to me. I 
would gladly answer their letters. 

New Plymouth, Idaho. Orphea High. 

Do you have paved roads in Idaho? " Fruitland " 
sounds as if it would be a good place to live for 
hungry folks! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: My birthday is Aug. 4. I 
was baptized at Easter last year. I am eleven. I 
like to go to Sunday-school very much. Mrs. Fink 
is my teacher. My father is the pastor. Mrs. Mc- 
pherson is my public school teacher. I am in the 
sixth grade. My brothers' names are George and 
Eugene. Eugene is the baby. My sisters are Thelma 
and Ruth. I wish some of the Juniors would write 
to me. Sarah E. Weaver. 

White Cottage, Ohio, Box 122. 

Easter is a beautiful time to be born again. If 
all souls were blooming with heavenly graces and 
virtues, what a wonderful world this would be to 
live in! I guess heaven couldn't be much better. 

Hidden Vegetables— Dig Them Up! 

1. There goes the bee that stung you. 

2. When I make the turn, I park at the curb. 

3. He threw into the pot a tough piece of meat. 

4. Look there, Tom; a torch leads the procession. 

5. Tell Conrad I shall be over soon. 

6. Climb on; I only wish I had a bigger wagon. 

7. " Father " is called in Syriac " abba "; get out 
your dictionary. 

8. How can these things be? answer me that. 

9. I have as strong a hope as you do. 

10. He made the wheel of his car rotate rapidly. 
Pieces of Money— Earn Them ! 

1. He drove the Saracen to another country. 

2. That new china cup has a nick, Eleanor. 

3. The room grows dim every night about this time. 

4. I will pay you for a quart, Erraa. 

5. You're too big to play with a doll, aren't you, 
Susan ? 

6. He rolled down this hill ingloriously. 

7. Put your boat out to sea, Glenn. 

(Answers next month) 

Dissected Word. — Student Volunteers. 
Cities Where Foreign Missionaries Are Working. 

— 1. Anklesvar. 2. Liao Chou. 3. Talalpor. 4. Shou 
Vang. 5. Garkidda. 6. Palghar. 7. Umalla. 8. Tai 


(Continued from Page 148) 
sell household necessities, such as extracts, 
rust remover, magic cleaner, rug cleaner, 
silver polish, and paring knives. The sew- 
ing includes cushions, clothespin bags, prayer 
coverings, aprons and sunbonnets. Still 
others sell Scripture Text calendars, take 
Larkin orders, jello orders, and some observe 
Donation Day, at which time every one in 
the congregation is given an opportunity to 
make some donation to the society. 

Northern Indiana — Mrs. George Sherck 

The Aid Societies of Northern Indiana, 
forty in all, have finished a very successful 
year financially, and I believe spiritually and 
socially. There are some that report 100% 
membership and one Aid reported all the 
members, men as well. This is obtained by 
handing out offering bags to each one to be 
brought in at the close of the year, also by 
soliciting all the sisters for supplies for sale 
dinners. Another is planning work that 
every one can do. During the year about 
$6,500 was taken in. Much of the money 
was used in the home churches, although 
they are coming across nicely for the Africa 

But money-making is not the great aim 
of some of the Aids, I am sure. Visiting 
the shut-ins, sending flowers and Christmas 
greetings, helping those in need without pay. 
Hundreds of garments were made and sent 
away, also many quarts of fruit. Some Aids 
do not have a very big showing in money 
receipts, but eternity will reveal the good 
that has been accomplished. One small Aid 
increased its interest by cooperating with 
another denomination that also had a small 
Aid, by having their Aids at different times, 
so thiey could attend each other's meetings. 
It not only increased interest but formed a 
lasting social tie. 

Dear sisters, in the year that is before us, 
let us not be so busy making money that 
we forget the one great aim of the Aid, that 
of saving souls. 

Reports of the work of the other Districts 
will be given in a later number. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1927. As of March 31, 1927, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 29, 1928, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1927 $13,029.13 

(The 1927 Budget of $408,300.00 is 3.2% raised, 
whereas it should be 8.3%). 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on March 
31, 1927: 

Income since March 1, 1927 $17,230.96 

Income same period last year 16,987.10 

Expense since March 1, 1927 23,423.73 

Expense same period last year 19,354.45 

Mission deficit March 31, 1927 15,077.38 

Mission deficit February 28, 1927 8,884.61 

Increase in deficit for March, 1927 6,192.77 

Tract Distribution: During the month of February 
the Board sent out 4,826 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 16. See April, 1927, Visitor under 
World-Wide Missions. Of credit of $70.99 to Eel 
River cong. Mid. Ind., $64.60 of this has since been 
designated for Junior League 1926 as raised by their 

Correction No. 17. See Nov., 1926, Visitor under 
Sweden Mission. Credit of $50.00 to Annville Aid 
Soc, E. Pa., has since been refunded. 

Correction No. 18. See March, 1927, Visitor under 
Africa Mission.. Credit of $3.25 to Eliz. Kenner 
(Walnut Valley) should have been listed under S. W. 

Correction No. 19. See Sept., 1926, Visitor. Under 
Conf. Budget of credit of $406.25 to Trotwood Cong. 
So. Ohio, $200.16 has since been designated for suo- 
port of Elizabeth Oberholtzer. 

Correction No. 20. See March, 1927, Visitor on 
page 88 under Conf. Budget Designated. Contribu- 
tion of Blue River S. S. No. Ind., $16.55 has since 
been designated for support of Minerva Metzger 
and Mary Schaffer. 

Correction No. 21. See March, 1927, Visitor under 
World-Wide Missions in contribution of $23.34 cred- 
ited to Pleasant Valley, No. Ind., $2.00 of this 
should have been indicated as from Mrs. Nancy J. 

Correction No. 22. See April, 1927, Visitor under 
World-Wide Missions, Southern District of Ohio. 
The first item shows a credit of $97.00 to congrega- 
tion but failed to give the name, which is Donnels 

February Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during February: 

Alabama— $8.00 

Cong.: Oneonta, $ 8.00 

Arizona— $32.44 

S. S.: Glendale, $29.44; Indv. : B. F. Glick, 

$3, 32.44 

Arkansas— $30.00 

First Dist., Indv.: W. H. Clark, 10.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: R. S. & Ella Rust, .. ■ 20.00 
California— $363.53 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $18.21; No. 96501 
(Lindsay) $20; No. 96110 (Lindsay) $2.50; 
Effie Metzger (Lindsay) $10; D. L. Whisler 
(McFarland) $15; A. J. and Maude Frick 
(Empire) $14; S. S. : Chowchilla, $17.09; Oak- 
land, $9.50; Rio Linda, $8.75; McFarland, 
$26.49; Indv.: Mrs. W. B. Wilson, $2, 143.54 

So. Dist, Cong.: Hemet, $28.97; 1st Los 
Angeles, $96.86; Long Beach, $9.16; San Diego, 

$65; Henry Harnish (Covina) $20, 219.99 

Canada— $15.51 

Cong.: Merrington, $5.90; Miss C. Rinehart 

(Bow Valley) $5; S. S. : Merrington, $4.61, 15.51 
Colorado— $33.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: A. A. Heaston (Antioch) 
$5; H. P. Lehman (Denver) $25; Indv.: J. E. 

Akers & Family, $3, 33.00 

Florida— $17.57 

S. S.: Sebring, $16.57; Indv.: Unknown 

donor of Orlando, $1, 17.57 

Idaho— $5.00 

Cong.: J. B. Lehman (Nezperce) 5.00 

Illinois— $270.80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $7.82; Mt. Mor- 
ris, $100; Shannon, $10.25; Elgin, $21.03; Mrs. 
Mary Barton (1st Chicago) $5; Mrs. Bertha 
Lemler (1st Chicago) $1; Mrs. W. W. Leh- 
man (Dixon) $.90; M. D. Wingert & Wife 
(Franklin Grove) $40; S. S. : Sterling, $7.88, 193.88 

So. Dist., Cong.: Okaw, $17.48; Virden, 
$4.77; Canton, $6.14; Romine, $3.70; Belle 
Huber (Girard) $1; Lloyd Pruitt (Virden) 
$35; Mary Hester (Girard) $1; S. S. Wood- 
land, $5.83; Indv.: J. M. Angle, $1; Mrs. R. 
E. Young, $1 76.92 

Indiana— $2,463.05 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $48.22; 
Plunge Creek Chapel, $10.27; Andrews, $55; 
Flora, $171.98; Manchester, $600; W. Man- 
chester, $93.24; Mexico, $224.41; Logansport, 
$2.77; So. Whitley, $27; Cong. & S. S.: Loon 
Creek, $50; Eel River, $64.77; C. Walter 
Warstler (M. N.) (Huntington) $1.50; Mabel 
Mower (Manchester) $2; S. S. : Roann, $5.89; 
Beaver Creek, $19.51; Manchester, $48, .... 1,424.56 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $137.28; 
Bremen, $20; Spring Creek, $2; Cedar Lake, 
$55; No. Liberty, $12.20; Bethany, $120; Pine 
Creek, $57.60; La Porte, $8.93; Wakarusa, 
$30.50; Nappanee, $61.21; Maple Grove, $30; 
Elkhart City, $156; Ivan Holdeman (Elkhart) 
$50; No. 96108 (West Goshen) $10; Mrs. John 
E. Weaver (Rock Run) $2; Estella Myers 
(Wakarusa) $25; Lee R. Cory (Bethel) $5; 
S. S.: Auburn, $7.21; "Sunshine" Class, 
Oregon (Blissville) $15; Yellow Creek, $6; Aid 
Soc: Elkhart City, $25; Mt. Pleasant Aid 
Soc. (Yellow River) $10, 845.93 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $23.79; Nettle 
Creek, $12.19; Rossville, $12.63; Middletown, 
$5.53; Esta Lannerd (Nettle Creek) $15; 
Laura E. Lynch (White) $5; D. T. Bailiff 
(Noblesville) $2.50; No. 95945 (Buck Creek) 
$10; S. S.: Four Mile, $50; Union Grove 
(Mississinewa) $35.56 172.20 

Iowa— $288.15 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar, $4.93; Panther 
Creek, $47; Melissa McMulin (Prairie City) 
$5; S. S.: Des Moines, $35.86, 92.79 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greene, $13.69; Spring 
Creek, $3.11; Mary S. Newsom (So. Water- 
loo) $4; Geo. & Eva Brallier (Curlew) $10, 30.80 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $100; Ottumwa, 
$37.06; Ada I. Correll (English River) $2; 
L. A. Miller & Wife (No. English) $15; 
Homer Caskey (M.N.) (Salem) $.50; S. S. : 
Mt. Etna, $5; Aid Soc: Council Bluffs, $5, 164.56 

Kansas— $539.23 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Central (Kans. City) 
$27.50; Topeka, $42; Washington Creek, $17.56; 
John B. Beckner & Wife (Appanoose) $100; 
Mrs. Geo. Manon (Abilene) $2; W. A. Kin- 
zie (M. N.) (Kansas City) $.50; Effie Steffey 
(Ozawkie) $1; Shuss Family (Sabetha) $15; 
C. W. Shoemaker & Wife (Appanoose) $30; 
J. S. Sherfy (M.N.) (Overbrook) $.50; S. S.: 
Oakland (Topeka) $10.50; Olathe, $8.86; Dis- 
trict Meeting held at Appanoose, $72.24 327.66 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Osage, $50; S. S. : 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mont Ida, $8.30; To the Memory of the wife 
and mother of W. H. and Orlin Sell (Fre- 
donia) $10; J. W. & A. L. Eikenberry (In- 
dependence) $5; Lizzie Shank (New Hope) 
$5 78.30 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Garden City, $7.21; 
West Wichita. $4.65; Darrell E. Flora (Hutch- 
inson) $10; Etta McGonigle (Salem) $25; 
Mrs. Lizzie A. Lehman (Newton) $2; Mrs. 
L. E. Fahrney (Salem Community) $5; O. H. 
Austin & Wife (McPherson) $25; Kate Yost 
(Walnut Valley) ?5; J. D. Yoder (Monitor) 
$10; S. S.: Primary Dept., Monitor, $34.41; 
Indv.: Mr. & Mrs. Y. E. Whitmer, $5, .... 133.27 
Louisiana— $53.55 

Cong.: Roanoke, 53.55 

Maryland— $816.35 

E. Dist., Cong.: Meadow Branch, $41.57; 
Pipe Creek, $12; M. C. Cool (Bethany) $6; 
Mrs. Mollie E. Sigler (Middletown Valley) 
$3; S. S.: Pipe Creek, $30; Pleasant Hill 
(Bush Creek) $2; Sams Creek, $5; Indv.: 
Hazel Ober, $5, 104.57 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Johnsontown, $5; Lick- 
ing Creek, $25; Pleasant View, $475; Ida M. 
Wine (Hagerstown) $3; A Member (Manor) 
$45; Aid Soc: Pleasant View, $25; Maugans- 
ville (Broadfording) $20; Indv.: No. 96256, 
$25, 623.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $25; C. H. 
Merrill, (Cherry Grove) $3.05; S. S. : Acci- 
dent (Bear Creek) $60.73, 88.78 

Michigan— $189.98 

Cong.: Woodland, $47; Pontiac, $3.14; Elsie, 
$1; Durand (Elsie) $5.63; Ozark, $13.30; Rod- 
ney, $1; Elmdale, $25; Beaverton, $12.90; 
Battle Creek, $5.57; Midland, $21.02; No. 96069 
(Woodland) $25; H. A. Weller & Wife (De- 
troit) $4; S. S.: Lake View, $10.42; Lansing, 
$7; Indv.: Mrs. Harry Carmer, $5; W. S. 

Christner, $3, 189.98 

Minnesota— $49.00 

Cong.: Root River, ^>37; A Member (Root 
River) $2; Mrs. Albert Seidel (Worthington) 

$6; Wilbur Brower (Bethel) $4, 49.00 

Missouri— $157.20 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mary M. Cox 
(Warrensburg) 1.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Fork, $25; Rock- 
ingham, $46.86; So. St. Joseph, $4.35; S. S. : 
No. Bethel, $2.54; So. St. Joseph, $4.21; Rock- 
ingham, $37.45, 120.41 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $9.75; Mrs. 
C. I. Masters (Peace Valley) $2; S. S. : Moun- 
tain Grove (Cabool) $5.42; Jasper, $13.10; 

Cabool, $5.52, 35.79 

Nebraska— $57.56 

Cong.: Kearney, $29.09; Enders, $8.12; Bea- 
trice, $5.70; Falls City, $3.85; Octavia, $5.80; 
S. S.: Afton, $5, 57.56 

New York— $3.00 

Indv.: H. D. Jones, 3.00 

North Dakota— $20.00 

Cong.: Willow Grove, $5; Surrey, $5; A. B. 

Clark & Wife (Cando) $10, 20.00 

Oklahoma— $72.00 

Cong.: Thomas, $53; Mrs. E. L. Lawyer 
(Pleasant Home) $5; Mrs. L. M. Dodd 
(Guthrie) $4; Indv.: Sarah Latimer, $10, .. 72.00 
Ohio— $1,478.67 

No. E. Dist., Cong.: Reading, $6; Mohican, 
$10; E. Nimishillen, $209.96; Wooster, $100; 
New Philadelphia, $5; No. 96313 (Zion Hill) 
$5; S. S.: Owl Creek, $1.84; West Nim- 
ishillen, $27.33; Aid Soc: Black River, $25; 
Canton Center, $29.35; Indv.: L. D. Miller 
& Wife, $1, 420.48 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Greenspring, $24.44; 
Portage, $11.20; Silver Creek, $67; Sugar 
Creek, $10.25; Dupont, $7.43; Black Swamp, 
$20; Mrs. Lurena McKimmy (Toledo) $2; 
J. W. Hornish & Wife (No. Poplar Ridge) 
$50; A Sister (Greenspring) $10; S. S.: Sand 
Ridge, $1.75; Walnut Grove (Silver Creek) 
$30; Greenspring, $60.41;" Eagle Creek, $83.80; 
Aid Soc: Greenspring, $25; Indv.: Stephen 
Smith, $5, 408.28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $21.56; Ft. 
McKinley, $34; Salem, $271.23; Greenville, $5; 
Wheatville (Upper Twin) $51.33; W. Day- 
ton, $104.09; Sidney, $14; Trotwood, $19.50; 
Lydia Klinger (W. Dayton) $1; Mrs. Geo. 
Zotzing (West Milton) $2; W. H. & Allie K. 
Gnagey (West Dayton) $5; Roy C. Engle & 
Wife (Cassel Run) $10; S. S.: Harris Creek, 
$5.70; Georgetown, $25; Piqua, $15.40; Wheat- 
ville (Upper Twin) $50; Greenville, $3.10; 
Indv.: Levi Stoner & Wife, $10; Mrs. L. 
Bigler, $2, 649.91 

Oregon— $3.00 

S. S.: Ashland 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $4,194.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lancaster, $30.50; Mount- 
ville, $109.62; Little Swatara, $110; Elizabeth- 
town, $85.33; E. Fairview, $16.10; Augusta 
Reber (Lititz) $25; Ada Paul (Shamokin) $2; 
A Member (Chiques) $30; Rebekah Lauver 
(Spring Creek) $15; Anna Wenger (Freder- 
icksburg) $13; Wm. K. Conner (M.N.) 
(Harrisburg) $.50; No. 96091 (Hatfield) $5; 
Unknown donor (Elizabethtown) $1; Two 
Sisters (Indian Creek) $10; S. S.: Hummels- 
town (Spring Creek) $10; Spring Creek, $4.35; 
E. Fairview, $39.23; Indian Creek. $47.31; Pax- 
ton (Big Swatara) $16.60; Merkey's (Little 
Swatara) $25; Palmyra, $37.07; Advisory 
Board Palmyra) $2.13; Classes of Palmyra, 
" Busy Bee " $20; " Willing Workers " $26.23; 
" Work & Win " $10.50; Ladies' Senior Bible 
Class, $100.56; Primary Dept. $25.50; Men's 
Senior Bible Class, $47.50; "Onward" $25; 
Intermediate Boys, $6.13; Young Men's Bible 
Class, $115.05; E. Petersburg, $10.35; Skippack 
(Mingo) $58.36; Ephrata, $20.33; So. Annville 
(Annville) $25.41; Mount Hope (Chiques) 
$30.33; Aid Soc: Shamokin, $16; Indv.: No. 
96047, $2; Cyrus Westheaffer, $2, 1,175.99 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, $295.21; 1st 
Altoona, $627.93; Warriors Mark, $2; Koontz, 
$51.71; Spring Run, $216.25; New Enterprise, 
$25; 28th St. Altoona, $75; Spring Run, $185.76; 
Riddlesburg, $2.15; Susan Rouzer Dunnings 
Creek) $5; Uriah T. Stuckey (Roaring 
Spring) $1; Jos. Crawford & Wife (Everett) 
$10; S. S.: 1st Altoona, $250; Warriors 
Mark, $8; Maitland (Dry Valley) $6.06; 
Cherry Lane, $5.90; Rockhill (Aughwick) 
$19.10; Spring Mount (Warriors Mark) $7.83; 
Spring Run, $50,* C. W. S. : Warriors Mark, 
$2; Y. P. D.: Spring Run, $10; Martinsburg 
(Clover Creek) $2; Aid Soc: Lewistown, $50; 
Women's Missionary Soc: 1st Altoona, $3, 1,910.90 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Green Tree, $50; S. 
S.: Green Tree, $44.30; First Phila. $25; 
Quakertown (Springfield) $29.72 149.02 

So. Dist., Cong.: Carlisle $20; Hanover, 
$25.50; Kate Sprenkle (Upper Conewago) $2; 
Jacob Mummert (York) $4; Mary Bixler 
(York) $2; S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Codorus) 
$2.24; Hanover, $4.15; New Fairview, $17.04; 
Indv.: J. S. Harley, $3, 79.93 

W. Dist., Cong.: Roxbury, $248.35; Walnut 
Grove (Johnstown) $200; Meyersdale, $62.10; 
Red Bank, $4.32; Sipesville. $50; Moxham, $50; 
M. J. Weaver & Family (Moxham) $20; 
D. P. Hoover (M. N.) (Rummel) $.50; Oscar 
L. Schrock (Rockwood) $5; J. Clark Brilhart 
(Montgomery) $6.50; A Brother & Sister 
(Manor) $50; Ada Bowman (Somerset) $5; 
S. S.: Sell St. (Roxbury) $150.66; Mt. Joy, 

$26, 878.43 

Tennessee— $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. H. K. Keeble, 2.00 

Texas— $22.00 

Cong.: Manvel, $20; H. F. Osborn & Fam- 
ily (Manvel) $2, 22.00 

Virginia— $1,172.66 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, $8.61; A 
Brother and Sister (Fairfax) $40, 48.61 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. S. T. Fellers 
(Terrace View) $5; Lewis S. Newcomb (Mt. 
Joy) $10; Mrs. S. C. Owen )Lynchburg) $5; 
Mrs. M. A. Riner (Chestnut Grove) $2; Dale- 
ville College, $25.55, 47.55 

No. Dist., Cong.: Damascus, $1; Cooks 
Creek, $53; Pleasant Run (Cooks Creek) $14; 
Mill Creek, $758; L. N. Click (Cooks Creek) 


The Missionary Visitor 


$2; Mrs. Mary Smith (Oak Hill-Powells 
Fort) $2; S. S. : " Marys and Marthas " Class, 
Linville Creek, $25, 855.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $148; 
Pleasant Hill (Middle River) $5; Moscow, 
$9.36; Smith Creek, $5.81; Sangerville, $874; 
Branch (Sangerville) $9.09; Mrs. Addison 
Crummitt (Hiner-Sangerville) $5; Addison 
Crummitt (Hiner-Sangerville) $10; Ressie 
Kanost (Moscow) $5; Geo. R. Robertson 
(Chimney Run) $1.50; S. S.: "Boys of To- 
day, Men of Tomorrow " Class, Bridgewater, 
$10, ■ 217.50 

So. Dist., Indv.: Sarah J. Hylton, $2; P. 

M. King, $2, 4.00 

Washington— $112.46 

Cong.: Outlook, $22.12; Sunnyside, $27.80; 
Mrs. W. H. Slabaugh (Wenatchee Valley) 
$25; S. S.: Mt. Hope, $31.54; Outlook, $6, .. 112.46 
West Virginia— $221.25 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $100; 
Eglon, $55; Rachel V. Cosner (Allegheny) $.25; 
Stella A. Cosner (Allegheny) $1; J. M. Leath- 
erman (Greenland) $3; J. D. Beery & Wife 
(Tearcoat) $50, 209.25 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Jesse Judy, $7; Lucy 

A. Manzy $5, 12.00 

Wisconsin— $7.03 

S. S.: Rice Lake, 7.03 

Total for the month, $12,698.26 

Total previously reported, 81,915.25 

Correction No. 16, 64.60 

Total for the year, $94,548.91 

Louisiana— $13.26 

S. S.: Roanoke, $ 13.26 

North Dakota— $5.00 

Cong.: Minot, ' 5.00 

Ohio— $15.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: No. Poplar Ridge, 

$10; Aid Soc: $5, 15.00 

Pennsylvania— $101.74 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: James Creek, 1.74 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 96318 (Upper Cone- 
wago) 100.00 

Total for the month, $ 135.00 

Total previously reported, 1,684.72 

Total for the year, $1,819.72 

Indiana— $404.75 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Man- 
chester, $ 404.75 

Total for the month $ 404.75 

Total previously reported, 3,110.28 

Total for the year, $ 3,515.03 

China— $5.00 

Indv.: Ruth F. Ulrcy, $ 5.00 

Illinois— $250.93 

No. Dist., Student Volunteers of Mt. Mor- 
ris College, 250.93 

Ohio— $3.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Dorothy Metzger (Trot- 
wood), 3.00 

Total for the month, $ 258.93 

Total previously reported, 63.00 

Total for the year $ 321.93 

Colorado— $85.39 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 85.39 

Florida & Georgia— $25.00 

Aid Societies, 25.00 

Idaho— $30.00 

Aid Societies, 30.00 

Illinois— $76.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 76.00 

Indiana— $206.25 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 206.25 

Kansas— $27.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 27.00 

Missouri— $20.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 20.00 

Ohio— $133.25 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 133.25 

Oregon— $29.00 

Aid Societies, 29.00 

Pennsylvania— $736.50 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 294.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 215.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Wilmington, $5; 
Royersford, $10, 15.00 

W. Dist., Aid Societies, 212.50 

Virginia— $90.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 90.00 

West Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc: Bethel, 10.00 

Total for the month, $1,468.39 

Total previously reported, 4,320.02 

Total for the year, $5,788.41 

Kansas— $1.00 

S. W. Dist., Indv.: Mr. and Mrs. V. E. 

Whitmer, $ 1.00 

Missouri— $35.95 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 35.95 

Oklahoma— $50.00 

Cong.: Pleasant Plains, $40; Indv.: Mr. and 

Mrs. C. S. Wooten, $10, 50.00 

Virginia— $2.25 

First Dist., Cong.: N. E. Lintecum (Crab 
Orchard), 2.25 

Total for the month $ 89.20 

Total previously reported, 1,409.99 

Total for the year, $1,499.19 

Pennsylvania— $25.01 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mount Hope (Chiques) . .$ 10.01 
W. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Joy, 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 25.01 

Total previously reported, 613.91 

Total for the year, $ 638.92 

Kansas— $15.26 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Buckeye, $ 15.26 

Maryland— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Albert E. Brown 

(Brownsville), 2.00 

Nebraska— $1.00 

Cong.: M. A. Miller (Falls City), 1.00 

Ohio— $81.39 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $60.69; L. 
C. McCorkle (Laramie) $10; S. S. : Middle- 
town, $4.93; "Royal Bible Class" (Middle 

District) $5.77, 81.39 

Pennsylvania— $125.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park, 50.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger Mem. (Phila.), 75.00 
Virginia— $2.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Bethel, 2.00 

Total for the month, $ 226.65 

Total previously reported, 4,446.47 

Total for the year $4,673.12 

California— $17.75 

No. Dist., S. S.: Juniors, Lindsay, $ 16.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children, Hemet, 1.75 

Colorado— $56.42 

E. Dist., S. S.: Children, Antioch, $41.07; 

Children Denver, $15.35, 56.42 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $23.79 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethel, 23.79 

Indiana— $135.35 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Children, W. Manchester, 3.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Goshen City, 
$21; Shipshewana, $7; Children, Pine Creek, 
$51.35, 79.35 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children, Arcadia, $44; 

Juniors, Four Mile, $9, 53.00 

Iowa— $49.76 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Rose Bud" Class, Pan- 
ther Creek, $10.50; Three Primary Classes, 
Panther Creek, $3, 13.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Geo. & Eva Brallier 
(Curlew) $1; S. S. : Junior League, Curlew, 
$26.53, 27.53 

So. Dist., S. S.: Osceola, 8.73 

Kansas— $40.30 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Junior Band, Topeka, 
$4.58; Washington Creek, $13.40, 17.98 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary & Junior 
Classes, No. Solomon, $5.32; Children, Belle- 
ville, $17, 22.32 

Maryland— $270.74 

E. Dist., S. S.: Bethany, $36.54; Children, 
Washington City, $183.20, 219.74 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Children, Brownsville, $1; 
Junior Christian Endeavor, Hagerstown, $50, 51.00 
Minnesota— $5.00 

S. S. : Junior League (Hancock), 5.00 

Nebraska— $8.24 

S. S.: Junior & Primary Classes, Alvo, .. 8.24 

Ohio— $317.44 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Juniors, Zion Hill, $24; 
Primary & Intermediate Depts., E. Nim- 
ishillen, $31.51, 55.51 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Children, Fostoria, $7; 
Junior League, Lick Creek, $73.90, 80.90 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harris Creek, $23.55; 
Zelma Holler (Lower Miami) $13; Hubert 
Holler (Lower Miami) $13; S. S.: Children, 
Trotwood, $110.50; D. V. B. S.: Trotwood, 

$20.98, 181.03 

Virginia— $61.52 

No. Dist., S. S.: Dayton (Cooks Creek) 
$7.75; Junior League (Linville Creek) $1.26; 
Intermediate, Junior & Primary Classes, 
(Linville Creek) $52.51, 61.52 

Total for the month, $ 986.31 

Total previously reported 7,334.18 

$ 8,320.49 
Correction No. 16, 64.60 

Total for the year $ 8,385.09 

B. Y. P. D. MISSION FUND 1927-28 
Washington— $10 

Y. P. D.: Omak, $ 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 10.00 

Florida— $25.00 

Cong.: Mrs. S. Puterbaugb (Sebring), .. $ 25.00 
Illinois— $14.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Chelsea, : 14.00 

Kansas— $85.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor) 

$10; Mabel Cripe (1st Wichita) $75, 85.00 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Palmyra, 25.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Geo. Foster & Wife 
(Pittsburgh), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 154.00 

Total previously reported, 4,486.10 

Total for the year, ....$4,640.10 

Florida— $20.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, $ 20.00 

Maryland— $80.00 
E. Dist., S. S. : Meadow Branch, 80.00 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Greenville, 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 115.00 

Total previously reported, 775.42 

Total for the year, $ 890.42 

Indiana— $70.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.'s: Peru, Pipe Creek, Santa 

Fe, Mexico, Logansport, ;...$ 70.00 

Pennsylvania — $181 .25 
E. Dist., S. S.: Midway.: $21.25; Aid Soc: 

White Oak, $35, 56.25 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Koontz, 35.00 

S. E. Dist., C. E. Soc: Parkerford, 35.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Alpha Class" Carlisle. .. 25.00 
W. Dist., Aid Soc: Meyersdale, 30.00 

Tennessee — $4.99 
S. S.: Beginners' Class, Johnson City, 4.99 

Virginia— $35.00 
First Dist., S. S. : Women's Bible Class, 

First Roanoke, 35.00 

Total for the month, $ 291.24 

Total previously reported 1,697.73 

Total for the year, $1,988.97 

California— $31.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Young People's Class" 
Modesto, $ 6.25 

So. Dist., S. S. : " Abiding Branches Class " 

1st Los Angeles, 25 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Sheldon . 25.00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist.. S. S.: Men's Adult Bible Class, 
Pipe Creek 25.00 

Michigan— $25.00 

Cong.: Woodland, 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $259.14 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, $26.14; S. S. : 
Gleaner's Class, Palmyra. $25; " Busy Work- 
ers " Class, Palmyra, $12.50; Primary Dept., 
Palmyra, $50; Willing Workers Class, Hat- 
field, $12.50; " The Sunshine Class," Indian 
Creek, $8 134.14 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Living Links" Class, 
Lewistown, $25; " Golden Rule Bible Class," 
Lewistown, $25, 50.00 

S. E. Dist., Junior Endeavor Soc: German- 
town (Phila), 25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Women's Adult Class, 
Geiger, $25; C. W. S. : Adult, Meyersdale, $25, 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 365.39 

Total previously reported, 4,037.08 

Total for the year, $4,402.47 

California — $5.00 
So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina $ 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 5.00 

Total previously reported, 92.00 

Total for the year, $ 97.00 

Iowa— $37.46 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Boys & Girls of Walnut 

Ridge, Prairie City 37.46 

Ohio— $33.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Class, Bethel, .. 33.50 

Total for the month, $ 70.96 

Total previously reported, 1,258.24 

Total for the year, $1,329.20 

Virginia— $162.82 
Xo. Dist., B. Y. P. D., $ 162.82 

Total for the month, $ 162.82 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 178.23 

Total for the year, $ 341.05 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc. : Covina, $ 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Pennsylvania— $54.00 


E. Dist., Cong.: E. G. Meyer & Wife 
(Elizabethtown) $25; Bible Institute at Eliza- 
bethtown College $4, 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Run, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 




Total for the year, $ 54.00 

Illinois— $12.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Geo. Laughrin (Hickory 
Grove) $7; S. S. : Primary Dept., Freeport, 

$5, $ 12.00 

Indiana— $6.78 

No. Dist., Cong.: 1st So. Bend, 6.78 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder, (Monitor), 10.00 
Maryland— $41.48 

E. Dist., Cong.: Woodberry (Bait.), 41.48 

Michigan— $26.34 

Cong.: Woodland, 26.34 

Nebraska— $9.86 

S. S. : Adult Classes, Alvo, 9.86 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: S. & S. Harshman 

(Wooster), 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $54.62 " J ™ B 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: Palmyra, 25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, 27.12 

W. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Joy, ,... 2.50 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $4,904.16 

Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Edw. C. Bixler & Wife 
(Pipe Creek), $ 40.00 

Total for the month, $ 40.00 

Total previously reported, 501.13 

Total for the year, $ 541.13 

Calif ornia— $30 .00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, $ 30.00 


E. Dist., S. S.: Mechanic Grove, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 55.00 

Total previously reported, 101.30 

Total for the year, $ 156.30 

California— $9.46 

Dist., S. S.: Santa Ana, $ 9.46 

Indiana— $125.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Ira E. Long & Family 
(Rock Run) $50; S. S.: "Winners' Class" 
No. Winona, $25; C. W. S. : Nappanee, $50, .. 125.00 
Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Victor" Class, Dallas 
Center, 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $287.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Hopeful Blossom" Class, 
Palmyra, $25; " Sunshine " Class, Palmyra, 
$12.50; " Onward " Class, Palmyra, $50; Loyal 

Workers' Class, Palmyra, $25; Intermediate 
Boys' Class, Palmyra, $25; Young Men's 

Bible Class, Palmyra, $100, 237.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Truth Seekers" Class, 
Williamsburg, 50.00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $2,432.30 

Ohio— $114.77 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Eagle Creek, $48.49; 
Guy Anderson's Class of Intermediate Boys 
& Girls, Eagle Creek, $66.28, 114.77 

Total for the month, $ 114.77 

Total previously reported, 126.98 

Total for the year, $ 241.75 

Pennsylvania— 38.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Men's Willing Worker's 
Class" (Chiques) $28; Aid Soc: White Oak, 
$10, $ 38.00 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 


$ 170.16 

Correction No. 17, 

Total for the year, $ 120.16 

Florida— $25.00 

Cong.: Mrs. S. Puterbaugh (Sebring), ....$ 25.00 
Illinois— $58.76 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $13; A Sister 
(Milledgeville) $25; S. S.: Douglas Park 

(First Chicago) $20.76, 58.76 

Indiana— $62.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. H. A. Clabaugh's 
Class, Middlebury, $12.25; "Friendship" 
Class, 1st So. Bend, $25; Y. P. D.: Mid- 
dlebury, $15, 52.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Isaiah Teetor (Nettle 

Creek), 10.00 

Iowa— $18.56 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Iowa River, $11.96; Spring 

Creek, $6.60, 18.56 

Kansas— $20.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Lawrence E. Lehman 
(Newton) $5; Michael Keller & Wife 
(Larned) $5; J. D. Yoder (Monitor) $10, .... 20.00 
Maryland— $11.78 

E. Dist., Cong.: Denton, 11.78 

Ohio— $686.15 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (E. Chippewa) 
$2.50; No. 95896 (dwellings) (Springfield) $500; 
Aid Soc: Maple Grove (Clara Harper work) 
$10, 512.50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: J. J. Anglemeyer's 
Class of Young People, Eagle Creek, $87; 
Lida Freed's Class of Juniors, Eagle Creek, 
$74.43 161.43 

So. Dist., Cong.: West Alevandria, 12.22 

Pennsylvania— $69.40 

E. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Class, Akron, 
$8.72; Aid Soc: Heidelberg, $7.50; Palmyra 
(evangelism) $25; D. V. B. S. : Elizabethtown, 
$28.18, 69.40 

Total for the month $ 951.90 

Total previously reported, 9,776.26 

Total for the year, $10,728.16 

Indiana— $50.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Excelsior Class" Mt. 
Pleasant (Yellow River) $ 50.00 

Ohio— $12.50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 
Oak Grove, (Rome), 12-50 



The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners' Class" Palmyra, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 87.50 

Total previously reported 387.51 

Total for the year, $ 475.01 

California— $3.60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Individuals of Pasadena, $ 3.60 
Idaho— $1.00 

Cong.: Nezperce, 1.00 

Maryland— $3.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: A Helper (Piney Creek), 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $375.26 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midway, $108.42; Peach 
Blossom, $35.83; Chiques, $95; S. S. : Mount 
Hope (Chiques) $15; Spring Creek, $7.24; Aid 
Soc.: Ridgley, $10, 271.49 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Snyder House (Wood, 
bury), 21.87 

So. Dist., Cong.: Waynesboro, 46.90 

W. Dist., Cong.: Ada Bowman (Somerset) 
$5; S. S.: Junior Dept., Walnut Grove (Johns- 
town) $20; Intermediate Dept., Walnut 
Grove, (Johnstown) $10, 35.00 

Total for the month, $ 382.86 

Total previously reported, 3,224.42 

Total for the year, $ 3,607.28 


Arkansas— $6.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary J. Babb 

& Daughter $ 6.00 

California— $54.05 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $15; Mrs. N. A. 
Harman (Lindsay) $3; W. A. Catledge (Oak- 
land) $5, 23.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hemet, 31.05 

Florida— $10.00 

Cong.: Gertrude C. Oaks (Orlando), .... 10.00 

Idaho— $70.00 

Cong.: Winchester, $50; Frank J. DeCour- 

sey & Family (Nampa) $20, 70.00 

Illinois— $222.67 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $131.67; 
Lanark, $71; Edith O. Fry (Bethel) $5; Anna 
L. Fry (Bethel) $2; Lemler Family (1st 
Chicago) $5; Mary Barton (1st Chicago) 

$5; Indv.: F. E. Kniesley, $3, 222.67 

Indiana— $394.97 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Santa Fe, $7.84; Bache- 
lors Run, $26, 33.84 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bremen, $12.50; New 
Paris, $167; Goshen City, $142.63; Center, $9; 

Rock Run, $30, 361.13 

Iowa— $252.01 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Iowa River, 14.26 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin County, $25.50; 
David Brallier & Wife (Curlew) $18, 43.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, $150; S. S. : 

Council Bluffs, $4.25; Libertyville, $40, 194.25 

Kansas— $90.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: McLouth, $10; Over- 
brook, $50, 60.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parsons, $23; Fannie 
Stevens, (Osage) $2, 25.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Louisa Sherfy 

(McPherson) 5.00 

Louisiana— $94 .36 

Cong.: Rosepine, 94.36 

Maryland— $499.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, $30; New 
Windsor (Pipe Creek) $26; H. E. Beard & 
Wife (Meadow Branch) $50, 106.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Hagerstown, $108.43; 

S. S.: Hagerstown, $284.57, 393.00 

Michigan— $219.52 

Cong.: Shepherd, $106.80; Woodland, $107.72; 

John Swanstra & Wife (Beaverton) $5, 219.52 

Missouri — $10.48 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Warrensburg, 10.48 

Ohio— $696.18 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $30.10; 
Goshen, $30; Chippewa, $140.05; Richland, 
$41.75; E. Chippewa, $7; A Sister (Mohican) 
$10; A Sister (E. Chippewa) $2.50, 261.40 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Swan Creek, $15; P. F, 
Dukes (Greenspring) $10; E. H. Rosenberger 
& Wife (Sugar Ridge) $5, 30.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harris Creek, $264.61; 

New Carlisle, $164.12, 428.33 

Oregon— $16.00 

Cong.: Mabel, 16.00 

Pennsylvania— $240.72 

E. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $10.22; Two 
Sisters (Springville) $5.50; Mrs. Emma T. 
Moyer (Hatfield) $10; Two Sisters (Indian 
Creek) $10; Aid Soc: Ridgely, $15, 50.72 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Jos. Crawford & Wife 
(Everett) $10; Mrs. D. A. Stayer (Yellow 
Creek) $5, 15.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Waynesboro, $15; Mrs. 
H. B. Winey & Daughter (Lost Creek) $10; 
Clayton K. Miller & Wife (York) $100, .... 125.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy, 50.00 

Virginia— $1,225.55 

First Dist., Cong.: Peters Creek, $75; S. S.: 
Peters Creek, $75; Indv.: O. P. Jones & 
Wife, $10, 160.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $16; Unity, 
$120.40; Timberville, $335; Linville Creek. 
$158, 629.40 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Summit, 395.15 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fraternity, 41.00 

Washington— $6.18 

Cong.: Tacoma, 6.18 

West Virginia— $12.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. C. H. Poling 
(Greenland) $4; Geo. T. & K. E. Leatherman 

(Greenland) $8, 12.00 

Wisconsin— $10.00 

Cong.: J. E. Cook (Chippewa Valley), .. 10.00 

Total for the month, $4,153.24 

Total previously reported, 54,201.56 

Correction No. 19, 200.16 

Total for the year, $58,154.64 


Total for the month, $ 0.00 

Total previously reported 357.20 

$ 357.20 
Correction No. 20, 16.55 

Total for the year, $ 340.65 

California— $525.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. N. E. Welty (Pat- 
terson) $ 25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Grant W. Bowman (Cal- 
vary Los Angeles) $100; W. H. Neher (La 
Verne) $100; Mary A. Bitzer (Pasadena) $300, 500.00 
Colorado— $100.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. F. Stauffer (Rocky 

Ford), 100.00 

Illinois— 100.00 

No. Dist., No. 96493 (First Chicago), 100.00 

Indiana — $300.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Wenger (1st So. 
Bend) $100; Margaret A. Johnson (1st So. 
Bend) $100, 200.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mahlon Rinehart (Nettle 

Creek), 100.00 

Maryland— $100.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Annie R. Stoner (New 
Windsor-Pipe Creek) $50; Edward C. Bixler 

(Pipe Creek) $50, 100.00 

Missouri— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Geo. W. Hoover & Fam- 
ily (Smith Fork), 100.00 

Nebraska— $200.00 

Cong.: W. J. Neal (Kearney) $100; J. D. 
Schork (So. Beatrice) $100, 200.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania— $810.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: W. Emmert Swigart 
(Huntingdon), 100.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Anna M. Brunner (Am- 
bler) $100; Amanda R. Fratz (Ambler) $100; 
No. 96431 (Green Tree) $100; A Member of 1st 
Phila., $10; Arnold H. Francis (Green Tree) 
$25; John C. Dettra (Green Tree) $100; P. R. 
Markley (Germantown-Phila.) $100, 535.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Henry Rinehart (Waynes- 
boro), 100.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs 1 . Anna Saylor (Rock- 
wood), 75.00 


No. Dist., Cong.: John F. Wampler (Green- 
mount), 100.00 

Total for the month, $2,335.00 

Total previously reported, 1,945.00 

Total for the year, $ 4,280.00 


California— $519.74 

No. Dist., Lindsay Cong, for Dr. Ida 
Metzger, $120; S. S.'s for Minneva Neher, 
$230.50, $ 350.50 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for E. D. Vani- 
man & Wife and L. A. Blickenstaff & Wife, 
$129.24; An Individual of La Verne Cong, for 
E. D. Vaniman & Wife and L. A. Blicken- 
staff & Wife, $5; Butterbaugh Family, La 
Verne Cong, for A. G. Butterbaugh, $35, .... 169.24 
Colorado— $226.10 

E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (Colorado Spring) 

for Dr. Barbara Nickey, 226.10 

Idaho— $140.41 

Congs. for Anetta C. Mow, $60.86; for Dr. 

D. L. Horning, $79.55, 140.41 

Illinois— $2,416.66 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris College Missy. Soc. 
for D. J. Lichty, $250; Franklin Grove S. S. 
for Bertha Butterbaugh, $15.63; S. S.'s for 
Kathryn Garner, $498.60; J. E. Wolf and Edna 
Wolf, (Franklin Grove) for Mae Wolf, $500; 
Butterbaugh Family (West Branch) for A. 
G. Butterbaugh, $130; A. F. Wine & Wife 
(1st Chicago) $425; Elementary Depts. (1st 
Chicago) for Ira Floyd Mallott, $20; 1st Chi- 
cago S. S. for Floyd E. Mallott, $22.43 1,861.66 

So. Dist., Virden S. S. for Dr. Laura M. 
Cottrell, $250; Cerro Gordo Cong, for Dr. 
A. R. Cottrell, $250; Primary Dept. (Decatur) 
for Darlene Butterbaugh, $45; Individuals & 
Centennial S. S. (Okaw) for J. E. Wagoner, 

$10, 555.00 


Mid. Dist., Manchester College S. S. for 
Laura J. Shock, $325; Student Volunteers of 
Manchester College for Clara Harper Budget, 
$128.49; S. S.'s for Mabel W. Moomaw, $125, 578.49 

So. Dist., S. S.'s for W. J. Heisey, .... 100.00 
Iowa— $50.00 

No. Dist., Waterloo City S. S. (So. Water- 
loo) for Mary Shull, 50.00 

Kansas— $1,377.64 

N. E. Dist., S. S.'s for Ella Ebbert, 500.00 

S. E. Dist., Congs. & Individuals for 
Emma H. Eby $106.64; Osage Cong, for Em- 
ma H. Eby, $40, 146.64 

S. W. Dist., Ida Frantz Brubaker (W. 
Wichita) for F. H. Crumpacker, $10; J. D. 
Yoder (Monitor) for Myrtle Pollock, $312.50; 
for Lulu Ullom Coffman, $408.50, 731.00 

Maryland— $1,147.95 

E. Dist., S. S.: for Ethel Roop, $359.95; 
Y. P. of E. Md., Del & D. C. for Earl W. 
Flohr, $188; " Morning Star Bible Class " 
(Fulton Ave., Baltimore) for Mrs. John I. 
Kaylor, $100, 647.95 

Mid. Dist., Hagerstown Cong, for H. J. 

Brooks & Wife, 500.00 

Michigan— $89.31 

Primary Depts. for Daniel Harold Bowman, 
$8.46; Junior Depts. for Harlan Bowman, 
$10; S. S.'s for Pearl Bowman, $48.77; Congs. 
for Pearl Bowman, $22.08, 89.31 

Missouri — $266.00 

Mid. Dist., No. 96176 (S. Warrensburg) for 
Jennie Mohler, $250; So. Warrensburg Cong. 

for Jennie Mohler, $16, 266.00 

Nebraska— $24.71 

Bethel Cong, for R. C. Flory, 24.71 

Ohio— $1,206.71 

N. E. Dist., Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 
Helser, $222.45; Owl Creek Aid Soc. for Lola 
Helser, $50; E. Nimishillen S. S. for Goldie 
Swartz, $125, 397.45 

N. W. Dist., J. J. Anglemeyer's Class of 
Young (Eagle Creek) for Julia Ann Flohr, 
$60; Eagle Creek S. S. for Lewis B. Flohr, 
Jr., $60; Pleasant View S. S. for Ellen H. 
Wagoner, $250, 370.00 

So. Dist., Trotwood Cong, for Elizabeth 
Oberholtzer, $214.26; Ever sole Cong, for J. 

Homer Bright, $225, 439.26 

Pennsylvania— $2,866.95 

E. Dist., Chiques Cong, for Alice Graybill, 550.00 

Mid. Dist., Carson Valley Cong, for A. G. 
Butterbaugh, $86.95; Everett Cong, for Dr. 
Carl Coffman, $75; Albright Cong, for Olivia 

D. Ikenberry, $21, 182.95 

S. E. Dist., Green Tree Cong, for Nora 

Hollenberg, 125.00 

So. Dist., No. 96318 (Upper Conewago) for 

E. L. Ikenberry, 500.00 

W. Dist., Shade Creek, Scalp Level, Rum- 

mell & Windber for Anna Z. Blough, $500; 
Maple Spring Aid Soc. (Quemahoning) for 
Esther Beahm, $325; 7th Circuit S. S.'s for 
Marie W. Brubaker, $335; Pittsburgh Cong, 
for L. S. Brubaker, $99; Scalp Level Cong. 

for Dr. H. L. Burke, $250 1,509.00 


First & So. Dist., S. S.'s for Rebecca 
Wampler, $40; for Elsie N. Shickel, $99.48, 139.48 

No. Dist., Greenmount Cong., for I. S. 
Long & Wife, $80; Congs. for I. S. Long & 
Wife, $425; for Dr. F. J. Wampler, $375; I. C. 
Senger & Wife (Greenmount) for Sara Z. 
Myers, $250; Mt. Zion S. S. (Greenmount) 
for Dr. F. J. Wampler, $25, 1,155.00 

Sec. Dist., Lebanon Cong, for Chalmer 
Shull, $45.92; Oak Grove (Lebanon) Cong, for 
Chalmer Shull, $12.33; Bridgewater Cong. 
for Ella Flohr, $200; Barren Ridge for Nora 
Flory, $235; Miss Willie B. Cline (Lebanon) 
for Alfred E. Hollenberg, $45; Bridgewater S. 
S. for N. A. Seese, $275, 813.25 

Total for the month, $13,118.40 

Total previously reported, 47,167.87 


Correction No. 19, 200.16 

Correction No. 20, 16.55 

Total for the year, $60,502.98 

Good Missionary Books 

African Adventurers by Mackenzie. . 1.25 
Next Door Neighbors, by Applegarth 1 .00 
Torch Bearers in China, by Matthews .75 

Chinese Lanterns, by Meyer 75 

The Handicapped Winners 50 

Giovani, by Ferris 40 

Brother Van, by Brummitt 75 

David Livingstone, by Wilson 1.35 

Mackay of Uganda, by Yule 1.35 

Elgin, Illinois 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger, Amsey and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Early, H. C, and Emma, 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Fahnestock, Rev. and Mrs. 
S. G., 1059 Michigan Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Garber, Glenn, Essex, Mo., 

Ilaney, R. A. and Irva, 
Merrill, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J. and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
Worth, Texas 

Scrogum, Arthur and Marie, 
Accident, Md., 1926 

Showalter, R. K. and Flor- 
ence, Rose Pine, La., 1926 

White, Ralph and Matie, 
1206 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 
Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 

Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 

Lulu, 1919 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Hollenberg. John, 1926, and 

Ada D., 1922 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Seese, Norman A., and 

Anna, 1917 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Flory, Raymond, and Lizzie, 

Horning, Emma, 1908 
Oberholtzer, I. E., and Eliz., 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Neher, Minneva J., 1924 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 
Shansi, China 

Ikenberry, E. L., and Olivia, 


Peking, China, Yen Ching, 
School of Chinese Studies, 5 
Tung Ssu, Tao Tiao 

Ulery, Ruth F., 1926 
On Furlough 

Bowman, Samuel B., and 
Pearl, 708 S. Central Park 
Ave., Chicago, 111., 1918 

Bright, J. Homer and Min- 
nie, 1208 No. Wayne St., 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Clapper. V. Grace, 840 Main 
St., Windber, Pa., 1917 

Cline, Mary E., 900 Frank- 
lin, Roaring Spring, Pa., 

Crumpacker, Anna, Elgin, 
111., 1908 

Horning, Dr. D. L., and 
Martha, c|o General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111., 1919 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 
Md., 1911 

Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 
Bridgewater, Va., 1919 

Smith, W. Harlan and 
Frances, cjo General Mis- 
sion Board, Elgin, 111., 1920 

Sollenberger, O. C, and 
Hazel, c|o J. W. Coppock, 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 

Vaniman, Ernest D., and 
Susie, La Verne, Calif., 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 
Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 


Gar kid da, Nigeria, West Afri- 
ca, via Jos and Numan 

Beahm, Wm. M., and Esther, 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel. Dr. J. Paul, and 

Verda, 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Heckman, Clarence C, and 

Lucile, 1924 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 

Lola, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922 
Mallott, Floyd, 1924 
Shisler, Sara, 1926 
On Furlough 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 

Marguerite, 509 So. Honore 

St., Chicago, 111., 1923 
Mallott, Ruth B., 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 1924 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Garner, H. 1'., and Kathryn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Erne, 1903 

Moomaw, I. W., and Mabel, 

Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 

Mary, 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Mow. Baxter M., and Anna, 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hat- 
tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902, and Anna, 

Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., and Anna, 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., Cer- 
ro Gordo, 111., 1919 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., Hart- 
ville, O., 1919 

Butterbaugh, A. G., and 
Bertha, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago, 111., 1919 

Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Forney, D. L., and Anna, La 
Verne, Calif., 1897 

Hollenberg, Fred M., and 
Nora, Sebring, Fla., 1919 

Kintner, Elizabeth, Ney, 
Ohio, 1919 

Miller, Arthur S. B. and 
Jennie, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago, 111., 1919 

Miller, Sadie J., R. F. D., 
Waterloo, la., 1903 

Replogle, Sara, New Enter- 
prise, Pa., 1919 

Shull, Chalmer and Mary, 
3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 

Summer, B. F. and Nettie, 
Mooreland, Ind., 1919 

Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

Pensions for Ministers 

One of the editors of the Elgin (111.) Courier-News recently had 
this to say : 

" It must be admitted that it the church is to 
carry on, it must have ministers. These men must 
live and rear their children. They can hardly do 
so on present day wages, for the average material 
compensation of a preacher is less than that paid 
common labor. Little wonder the ranks of prospec- 
tive ministers are constantly growing thinner and 
many a pulpit stands idle. Under these circum- 
stances it is encouraging that provision is being 
made to take care of faithful servants of the church 
after a life-time of devotion. It is almost unbe- 
. lievable that in this rich country its great body of 
ministers should be so poorly paid as to threaten 
the destruction of the church itself. This can not 
be, for as Mr. Hays remarks: 

" ' If you would realize what the minister means 
to the individual or to the community, try to imag- 
ine what existence would be without him — no wor- 
ship, no sacraments, no baptism, no marriage cere- 
monies except the signing of a contract; at the 
grave the lowering of the coffin in silence, with no 
word of tomorrow. We could not bear it a week. 
We could not exist as a nation if we did not have 
among us, working early and late, interpreters of 
God, reminding us in days of prosperity as in days 
of adversity that, in the last analysis, the eternal 
things are the only things that count.' " 

The Church of the Brethren has not yet attempted an effort to 
fall in line with the general movement of the churches to build up 
an adequate endowment for ministers' pensions and it is timely 
that something be done. 

Of course, you can do something now as an individual. Send us 
money, however small or great (above $50.00) ; designate that at 
your death it shall go for ministerial pensions, or the interest only 
be used for this. In turn we will agree to pay you a stated annuity 
during your lifetime on the amount turned over. 

That in substance is our " Annuity Plan," adapted 
for use of the money for other church purposes 
than the standard bond we write for World Wide 
Missions. Please ask for booklet V257. 

General Mission. Board 


Elgin., Illinois 

>Hm |.. h ..H_H..H m - 



Church of the 'Brethren 

> -«**«» •— ** 

Vol. XXIX 

June, 1927 

No. 6 

The Annual Report 

Our Forty-Second Annual Report 
Treasurer's Report 
Annual Report of the India Mission 
Annual Report of the China Mission 
Annual Report of the Africa Mission 
Annual Report of the Scandinavia Mission 
Monthly News Notes 









North Manchester, 


A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1927. 
J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 
LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 

Note. — The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
other date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
the Board since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, IU. 


OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more to the General 
Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the four dollars 
or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Different 
members of the same family may each give four dollars or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in read- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the Com- 
mittee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be sent 
to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postomce of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 



A Comparative Statement of Mission Funds, 163 

Supports of Missionaries, v. . 164 


Statistics, 184 


Statistics 196 



Statistics, . . . . ! 205 


By William Beahm, 219 

INDIA NOTES. By Anetta C. Mow, 204 



Forty-Second Annual Report of the General 

Mission Board 

For the Fiscal Year Ending February 28, 1927 

X "T T ITH joy we report to Conference 
V/V on the mission work entrusted to 
our direction. Letters from our 
missionaries, the spoken messages from fur- 
loughed workers and the correspondence 
from the Board's deputation to the mission 
fields all contain much to give us satisfac- 
tion such as overflowed from the hearts of 
the seventy who returned and made their 
report to Jesus. 

In connection with the joy experienced at 
the salvation of souls we have been faced 
with problems which have called forth much 
prayer and serious study. War conditions 
in China have been perplexing. Problems of 
territory and the best methods for laying 
foundations in a new mission have been our 
concern in Africa. The development of 
initiative and self-support in the India mis- 
sion has been a matter of serious study. 

One of the missionaries writing a per- 
sonal letter said : " This finds us well here. 
A new dwelling is nearing completion. 
School attendance is maintained at 100. New 
missionaries are learning the language faster 
than we did in early days. The doctor has 
more work than he can do. Old houses are 
getting new roofs. We are daily expecting 
a new load of supplies from America. It is 
great to hear the voices of the children. 
The new Ford works like a charm. A good 
group of men are again attending the Bible 
class. A class of women is in the making. 
And the poor are having the Gospel 
preached unto them." 

Thus the lives of your missionaries have 
been lived during the past year. In the 
course of twelve months they meet sacrifice, 
sickness, death, hard problems, joy at new 
birth and a consciousness of being coworkers 
with God, which gives a peace beyond 
understanding. This peace and unity with 
God makes possible the staying on in hard 

During the year eight new missionaries 
appointed by the Conference at Lincoln last 
June were sent to foreign fields. Ethel A. 
Roop, R. N., was sent to India. Ruth F. 
Ulrey was sent to China. Six new workers 
were sent to Africa, viz. : Earl W. and Ella 

Miller Flohr, Sara C. Whisler, Clara iJ. 
Harper and Dr. J. Paul and Verda Hersh- 
berger Gibbel. 

Virginia furnished two of these workers 
while the following States supplied one each, 
viz. : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois and Iowa. 
In the previous year only one new worker 
was sent to the field. The ranks of workers 
are constantly being thinned by sickness, 
death or lack of suitability for the work. 

During the past year two noble souls from 
the ranks of detained missionaries have 
departed this life. Bro. Amos W. Ross, 
missionary to India since 1904, departed this 
life May 31, 1926. Vida A. Wampler, mis- 
sionary to China since 1918, passed to the 
next world Oct 6, 1926. Their two faithful 
companions continue to exalt the work of 
Christ as opportunity affords. 

The comparative table of workers on the 
foreign fields for the past two years shows 
the following: 


For year ending Feb. 



Feb. 28, 













124 129 

Loss of workers in this present year 1927- 
8 from sickness and other reasons promises 
to be rather high. 


Over 200 native workers are connected 
with the mission work in India. They are 
engaged in such work as preaching, teach- 
ing, village evangelism, medical work and 
special Bible work among women and chil- 
dren. Christian work is now done in more 
than 100 villages out of a possible 2,500 in 
our territory. The church membership is 
over 3,000 out of a population of 1,200,000 
souls. Our mission property has a value of 
over $400,000. This includes two well 
equipped hospitals. About $160,000 was used 
in the India mission during the year. There 
is a definite effort on the part of the mis- 
sionaries to carry on with less money from 
abroad in the hope that the type of organi- 
zation developed may grow more in accord 
with the possibilities of the Indian people. 
New churchhouses are needed. The Indian 
people are sacrificing in order to bear their 


The Missionary Visitor 



part of the expense. When they bend their 
energies in this direction we feel greatly 
encouraged to grant them the funds from 
America which will help them to realize 
suitable houses of worship. 


Since the founding of the Chinese republic 
in 1911 there has been rather constant dis- 
order in some part of China. The Shansi 
province where our work is located had 
been comparatively free from these disor- 
ders until last year when war was waged 
at Liao Chou, our southern station. During 
this year transportation has been greatly 
demoralized. The fighting between the 
northern and southern forces has put even 
our quiet province in a state of turmoil. 
Now as this is being written (April 12) we 
have just had a cable from China saying 
that the U. S. Consul has advised our mis- 
sionaries to withdraw from their territory 
to avoid any trouble which is advancing 
from the south to the north of China. All 
of this greatly disturbs the normal processes 
of mission work. 

Notwithstanding the condition of the 
country God's Word has been preached. 
School work has been successfully carried 
on and a new emphasis has been put on 
village evangelism. A greater effort is being 
made to organize groups of members into 
congregations. The church membership 
stands nearly at the 1,000 mark. It is im- 
possible to record with cold figures all who 
have found new life and hope in the teach- 
ings of Jesus. Sinful practices have been 
discontinued and love made richer even in 
hearts that have not been definitely enrolled 
in the church. 


The Africa mission is comparatively new, 
having been opened in 1922. The problems 
faced are : learning the language, the cus- 
toms and traditions of the people and pro- 
viding suitable houses for homes, schools 
and places of worship. Learning to know 
the souls of these pagan people who have 
never had a written language is a real task. 
The work of evangelism through teaching, 
preaching and medicine is being well es- 
tablished. Nigeria, the province in which 
we work, is under British government. 
Through the government we secure the 
legal right to carry on mission work. The 
government has been hesitant to grant the 

desired territory, for it is partly inhabited 
by Mohammedans who do not welcome the 
coming of the Christian missionary. Quite 
late in the year two new stations were 
granted at Gardemna and Dille. These to- 
gether with Garkidda constitute the three 
stations of work. Beyond our immediate 
borders there are great areas of territory 
where no Christian missionary has ever pro- 
claimed Christ's message. Into this territory 
the missionaries hope to go. The Board has 
received calls for new workers for this field. 
Latest reports indicated quite a large group 
of natives who have requested baptism and 
who are receiving prebaptism instruction. 

The mission in Scandinavia is our oldest 
work outside of the United States. At 
present our three workers are located in 
Sweden and no workers are living in Den- 
mark. Splendid success has been achieved 
during the past year among the young peo- 
ple of Malmo. The mission program in 
Sweden is very similar to our regular church 
work in America. 

Our Home Work 

Progress is evident in all of our Home 
work. Last summer's work by students was 
exceptionally successful. This summer a 
number of our students will be in the serv- 
ice of the church. During the year the fol- 
lowing Districts have been helped : Southern 
Iowa, Northern Illinois, Southern Kansas, 
Florida and Georgia, Oklahoma, First Vir- 
ginia, Southwestern Missouri, Michigan, 
North and South Carolina, Western Mary- 
land, Northern Missouri, Canada, Texas and 
Louisiana, Tennessee, Southeastern Missouri 
and Arkansas, and Oregon. John R. Snyder 
and S. Z. Smith have given some time for 
evangelism during the year. The General 
Board has approved the plan to secure two 
evangelists on full time to work in weak 
churches. Also a field organization has been 
approved by the General Board and by at 
least thirty-four of the District Mission 
Boards, the responsibility of which will be 
to encourage our home and foreign work. 
The work in the Industrial School has been 
very satisfactory. Bro. H. C. Early has 
rendered invaluable service by his willing- 
ness to direct the affairs of the school per- 
sonally. Loans were made on a number of 
church buildings. There is a need for a 
larger fund for this purpose. The work of 



The Missionary Visitor 


District Mission Boards has been very en- 
couraging. Here and there they are report- 
ing churches coming to self-support. The 
General Mission Board has set aside Novem- 
ber, our Thanksgiving month, for the em- 
phasis on Home Mission Work. The 
churches will be asked to make a special 
offering for our Home Work at that time. 
As we grow in America so will our possi- 
bility grow for foreign work. Our Home 
Mission objective is not only to make Christ 
known in America but throughout the world. 
The following facts were gleaned from 

the annual report of the Board's treasurer 
to the trustees of the Mission Board pre- 
sented at its April, 1927, meeting. 

First we call attention to the distribution 
of the missionary dollar for the past year. 
That is, out of each dollar received and spent 
there was used 

For Missions in India 50.8c 

For Missions in China 22.1 

For Missions in Denmark and Sweden 1.9 

For Missions in Africa 5.5 

For Home Missions 10.5 

For Missionary Education 5 4 

Administration 3.8 

The following statement is in the same 
form as it has been customary to report 
annually for many years past : 

A Comparative Statement of Mission Funds 

R SS£ 1926-27 Increase advertising in our publications. A large 

Contributions of liv- part of the rest came from those who have 

ing donors $250,920.68 $236,312.66 $14,608.02* • , ., • 

Bequests and lapsed increased their previous annuities. 

annuities "'ZM 20 'S^ Hl 9 AL Under expenditures a slight increase in 

Miscellaneous 3,818.14 966.54 2,851.60* . . , ° 

Net income from in- Administration expense is noted, largely due 

i y n e g St ^nnu S ities) er P . ay " 51,692.82 57,831.20 6,138.38 to the cost of the necessary foreign depu- 

$318,222.02 $315,180.40 $ 3,041.62* tation ' Jt is a coincidence that within a few 

Endowments and an- dollars the expense of our India field in- 

nuities 54,640.25 78,188.01 23,547.71 , ,,. inom £ ,, i_m m* 

Relief donations 16,625.29 14,793.14 1,832.15* creased $10,000 for the year while China 

Expenditures expense decreased $10,000. For India $4,000 

Administration $ 9,809.29 $12,159.58 $2,350.29 of this increase was exclusively due to a 

Missionary education 14,944.04 15,836.31 892.27 , , , . , , r 
India Mission 149,011.93 159,558.58 10,546.75 larger number being returned home on fur- 
China Mission 79 A 3 *-% 6 l>%*i 3 r 10 Xf£ lough; $5,000 in new property expense and 

Sweden Mission 6,439.60 6,090.05 349.55* o > y j r r j i 

Denmark Mission ... 383.60 203.05 180.55* $1,000 increase in loss in exchange due to 

South China Mission 80.20 80.20* .. , , . . £ 4 , 

Africa Mission 14,619.36 17,486.40 2,867.04 the larger cost of the work for the year. 

Home Missions 30,726.44 33 208.73 2,482.29 n the other hand, the decrease in China's 

$305,949.12 $313,948.83 $ 7,999.71 expense of $10,000 was due to about $6,000 

decrease in building program and the rest 

Analyzing the above it is certainly not saving in exchange . Whereas in the previ- 
encouraging that there was a shrinkage of ous year in China we got $1 80 Mexican for 
nearly $15,000.00 in the amount realized for each tj s dollar ($2(K) bdng normal) this 
missions from freewill offerings. This is in , ast year we got $1 94 average . Increase in 
line with the statistics of giving to the Con- Africa expense of nearly $3)00 o appears to 
ference Budget which shows per capita giv- be represented by $2) 000 extra cost sending 
ing this past year (on basis of previous year new workers out and about $lj000 in de- 
membership) of $2.27 compared with $2.44 partmental work on the field> most of the 
the previous year. This is the lowest rate increase being not i C eable in the medical 
in the past six years except $2.19 average work Roughlyj the $2 , 5 00 increase in Home 
in 1922. Fortunately there were other Missions expense is due to the extra number 
sources of income to supplement the gifts of summer pastors sent out> which ex tra 
from the church, including a substantial sum sum was paid by our colIege friends> other 
from Publishing House earnings which Home departme ntal increases and decreases 
helped out the situation. offsetting each other. 

A very substantial sum of new money „_ , , «__,. _„ . , , _ . 

r , , We started the year 1926-27 with a deficit 

came in for endowments and annuities as . , . . J r*<«««^«n i 

. j j . lL • in the mission treasury of $10,116.18, and we 

noted as a good increase over the previous , , , r . . *„„„,,., 

AT ., , ir £ ., • . . . , closed with a deficit of $8,884.61. 

year. More than half of this originated 

with new friends who responded to monthly General Mission Board. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Supports of Missionaries 

The following individuals and organiza- 
tions are at present on our honor roll as 
financial supporters of workers on the 
foreign field : 
California — 

Covina Missionary Class, one-half support 
of Delbert Vaniman (son of Ernest D. 
Vaniman), China. 

I. and O. Breneman of La Verne congre- 
gation, John I. Kaylor, India. 

Harmony Class and " The Gang at Home," 
La Verne congregation, Edward L. Brubaker 
(son of Leland Brubaker), China. 

La Verne congregation and Sunday-school, 
Ernest D. Vaniman and wife, China ; Lynn 
A. Blickenstaff and wife, India. 

La Verne " Mothers' Class," Stephen Clair 
Blickenstaff (son of L. A. Blickenstaff), 

Lindsay congregation, Dr. Ida Metzger, 

Long Beach Sunday-school, Lucile G. 
Heckman, Africa. 

Northern California Sunday-schools, M!n- 
neva Neher, China. 

Southern California Sunday-schools, Clar- 
ence C. Heckman, Africa. 
Colorado — 

Eastern Colorado congregations, Anna N. 
Crumpacker, China. 

Nickey, S. G., of Colorado Springs con- 
gregation, Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 
Florida — 

Hollenberg, W. F., Fred M. Hollenberg, 
Idaho — 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian 
Workers' Societies, Anetta C. Mow, India. 

Idaho and Western Montana Sunday- 
schools, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 
Illinois — 

Butterbaugh family provide two-thirds 
support of A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Individuals and Sunclay-schools of Okaw 
congregation, J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, India. 

Chicago, First, Sunday-school Elementary 
Depts., Floyd Mallott, Jr. (son of Floyd 
Mallott), Africa. 

Chicago, First Sunday-school, Floyd Mal- 
lott, Africa. 

Decatur Sunday-school, Primary Dept., 
one-half support of Darlene Butterbaugh 
(daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 

Franklin Grove congregation, Bertha L. 
Butterbaugh, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 
D. J. Lichty, India. 

Mt. Morris congregation, Ruth Ulery, 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sadie J. Miller, 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin Sunday- 
schools, Kathryn Garner, India. 

Virden Sisters' Aid Society, one-half sup- 
port of Leah Ruth Ebey (daughter of Adam 
Ebey), India. 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. 
Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Wine, A. F., and wife of First Chicago 
congregation, Beulah Woods, India. 

Wolf, J. E., and daughter Edna of Frank- 
lin Grove congregation, Mae Wolf, India. 
Indiana — 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday- 
school, Nettie B. Summer, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Laura 
J. Shock, China. 

Manchester College Student Volunteers, 
Clara Harper budget, $500, Africa. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Alice K. Ebey, 

Mexico congregation, Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Mabel W. 
Moomaw, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Mary 
Schaeffer, China; Marguerite Burke budget, 
$550, Africa. 

Northern Indiana Y. P. D., Clara Harper 
budget, $500, Africa. 

Pipe Creek congregation, Anna M. For- 
ney, India. 

Rossville congregation, Minerva Metzger, 

Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, W. J. 
Heisey, China. 

Ladies' Miss. Soc, 1st So. Bend, Dorothy 
Summer (daughter of B. F. Summer), India. 

Iowa — 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Emma Horn- 
ing, China. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Helser budg- 
et, $450, Africa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Heagley, Rebecca, Mary K. Coffman 
(daughter of Dr. Carl Coffman), China. 

Ivester congregation, W. Harlan Smith 
and family, China. 

North English and English River Sunday- 
schools, Nettie M. Senger, China. 

Panther Creek Sunday-school, one-half 
support of Olivia D. Ikenberry, China. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Jennie B. 
Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' So- 
ciety and Aid Society, A. S. B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, " Loyal 
Helpers' Class," one-half support of Jose- 
phine Miller (daughter of A. S. B. Miller). 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary 
Department, Marjorie Miller (daughter of 
A. S. B. Miller), India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Interme- 
diate and Junior Departments, Lorita Shull 
(daughter of C. G. Shull), India. 

Waterloo City Sunday-school, Mary S. 
Shull, India. 
Kansas — 

Daggett, A. C, Martha D. Horning. China. 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools, Ella 
Ebbert, India. 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday-schools, 
Howard L. Alley, India. 

Southwestern Kansas congregations, Frank 
H. Crumpacker, China. 

Yoder, J. D., of Monitor congregation, 
Lulu U. Coffman and Myrtle Pollock, China. 
Maryland — 

Hagerstown congregation, Harlan J. and 
Ruth F. Brooks, India. 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, H. P. 
Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 

Eastern Maryland Sunday-schools, Ethel 
A. Roop, India. 

Y. P. D. of Maryland. D. C. and Delaware, 
Earl W. Flohr, Africa. 
Michigan — 

Oaks, Phcebe M. of Woodland congrega- 
tion, Ethel A. Roop Budget, $150, India. 
Missouri — 

Middle Missouri congregations, one-half 
support of Jennie M. Mohler, India. 
Bear Creek congregation, Anna M. Lichty, 

Cleveland and East Nimishillen congre- 
gations, Goldie E. Swartz, India. 

Covington congregation, I. W. Moomaw, 

Eagle Creek Sunday-school, Lewis B. 
Flohr (son of Earl W. Flohr), Africa. 

J. J. Anglemeyer's Y. P. Class, Eagle 
Creek, Julia A. Flohr (daughter of Earl W. 
Flohr), Africa. 

Eversole congregation, J. H. Bright, China. 

Freeburg Sunday-school, Sue R. Heisey, 

Hartville congregation, Anna B. Brum- 
baugh, India. 

Lick Creek congregation, Elizabeth Kint- 
ner, India. 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Hat- 
tie Z. Alley, India. 

New Carlisle, West Charleston, Donnels 
Creek, and Springfield congregations, Hazel 
C. Sollenberger, China. 

Olivet congregation, A. D. Helser, Africa. 

Olivet Aid Soc, Esther Mae Helser 
(daughter of A. D. Helser), Africa. 

Owl Creek congregation, Lola Helser, 

Pleasant View Sunday-school, Ellen H. 
Wagoner, India. 

Salem congregation, Minnie F. Bright, 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, O. C. Sol- 
lenberger and Elizabeth Baker, China. 

Trotwood congregation, Elizabeth Ober- 
holtzer, China. 

Pennsylvania — 

Albright congregation and Sunday-school, 
one half support of Olivia D. Ikenberry, 

Brandt, D. E., and family of Upper Cone- 
wago congregation, E. L. Ikenberry, China. 

Carson Valley congregation, one-third 
support A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Chiques congregation, Alice M. Graybill, 

Conestoga congregation, Ida Buckingham, 

Coventry congregation, H. Stover Kulp, 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Everett congregation, Dr. Carl Coffman, 

Green Tree congregation, Nora Hollen- 
berg, India. 

Good Samaritan Bible Class. Walnut Grove 

(Continued orf Page 185) 


The Missionary Visitor 



The India Mission 

Report for the Year 1926 

A Foreword 

Eliza B. Miller 

THE year 1926 was a prosperous and 
peaceful year in the India Mission, 
in spite of the political reverses and 
storms throughout the land. The ultimate 
goal to a self-supporting and self-propa- 
gating church was the ideal held up with a 
more vigorous effort than before. Evan- 
gelism of the masses was kept foremost in 
all the various avenues of work throughout 
the mission area. Sowers and reapers have 
rejoiced together in the labors of the vine- 
yard wherein commendable progress was 
made in the establishment of a deeper faith 
in those already brought to Christ and in 
the addition to the fold of those who would 
be saved. Greater opportunities and more 
ready, open-hearted responses were never 
better. All have experienced great joy in 
the blessings the " new day " in India is 

The missionary staff was reduced by the 
home-going of ten in March and the return 
of only one and the addition of one new 
one in October. The harvest still continues 
abundant ; but the laborers few. 

Evangelistic Work 

Bro. Wagoner writes : 

" During the touring season we have been 
in ten camps. Responses everywhere are 
much better than last year. Attendance 
averaged from 125 to 600 in the night meet- 
ings, and from fifty to 200 for the afternoon 
meetings for women and children. I am sure 
that over 4,000 different people have heard 
the gospel story this season. 

" Last year our people seemed a little fear- 
ful of the Christ story, so we made an 
effort to get more courage into them by 
having a special institute at Wankal in 
November. Here we had men as speakers 
who are successful evangelists and leaders 
in church work, and we are sure that their 
efforts had good effect. 

"The people have been very friendly, 
though not all are eager for the Gospel. At 
Chari, when we began to present Christian- 
ity, the Koli people left in a body. This 
was repeated in part at Navera. But on 
the whole they have been responsive to 
our teaching. What opposition there may 
be is carried on behind our backs. How- 
ever, the story in song by the organ or the 

The deputation, Brethren Yoder and Bonsack, arriving at Vyara Station on Dec. 4, 1927. Boys 

and girls of the two schools lined up in two long rows and the tonga drove through. After 

they got out of the tonga and passed through the lines to the front porch, they were pelted 
with flower petals. 


The Missionary Visitor 


graphophone is always eagerly listened to — 
mostly for the music, I think. But by ex- 
plaining the meaning of these songs we 
again have opportunity for getting a hear- 
ing for our message. 

" On Jan. 23 there were baptized thirty- 
three boys from the Wankal school. This 
is much the largest single group we have 
ever had from this section. A few years 
ago a boy was baptized there and the next 
morning there were only half a dozen 
boys left in the boarding. We do not 
anticipate anything of this kind now. 

" Among the more encouraging features 
are these : people ask us to come to their 
village and give religious talks — also tem- 
perance and hygiene. Then there are 
several very urgent requests for us to open 
village schools. Only a few days ago a 
deputation of ten men walked nearly ten 
miles to present their petition for a school. 
And these people are all willing to furnish 
a house for the school and a place for the 
teacher. In my opinion we should very 
earnestly .consider these openings. When 
we reflect on the number of years we have 
worked for the opportunity to teach these 
people it surely seems a shame that we must 
say ' No ' when they come to us. ' Brethren, 
these things ought not so to be.' We ought 
to be able to strike while the iron is hot. 
At Navera we had a meeting of the Chris- 
tian boys on Sunday morning. Their tes- 
timonies were inspiring. They were full of 
faith and confidence. All they will need 
to make a strong community is a strong, 
faithful and spiritual Christian teacher in a 
village school. We covet your prayers for 
them and us." 

The First Church in India — Bulsar 

Govindji K. Satvedi 

I THINK Bulsar church has one more 
push when she has her own pastor. 
She is making a fine progress. Eld. 
Wagner Sahib was out in the district for 
evangelistic work, with his family, from 
November. So I had to go on with the 
church business, and am glad to say we 
got some results. 

To carry on the work of the church with 
felicity we have been having the following 
committees : 

Committee for cemetery, poor fund com- 
mittee, social committee, church committee, 

joint station committee, Sunday-school com- 
mittee, The punch committee. 

I would like to say something about the 
punch committee. All disputes and quarrels 
of the church are brought before this com- 
mittee for decision. The people are satisfied 
with its work. Moreover, it takes a vigilant 
part in the marriage problem and its ex- 

All other committees have their own sit- 
tings and the church is satisfied with their 

The church attendance has increased con- 
siderably, and some of the Sunday-schools 

A couple who work outside in the railway 
began to smoke. But the worst of it was 
that they were doing so while going to and 
fro. I met all such personally and explained 
the effect of their practice on the com- 
munity children, and am glad to say that 
since then I have seen none of them smoking 
on the road. 

I found half a dozen playing cards in 
order to pass their time and keep awake. 
I talked with such persons and explained 
that there was no harm for them, perhaps, 
in simply playing, but it would be a stum- 
bling-block to some of their children, or one 
who saw them playing. I also told them 
that playing may lead them to gambling and 
many other sins. Thanks to the Lord that 
they promised not to play any more, and 
even gave away the cards. 

It gives me special pleasure when I think 
of the evangelistic week work which was 
done this year. The church decided that 
each member should take part in this work, 
at least a full week in February. So the 
community was divided into three groups or 
tollis. The school staff made up the first 
group and the other, including myself, who 
can go out in a tolli. 

This is the amount of the work : 

Two groups. 

Fifteen individual workers. 

Seventy-five total volunteers. 

Seventeen meetings held. 

The Gospel preached to 1,600. 

Three hundred and twenty-four Gospels 

Eight hundred leaflets distributed free. 

Eight New Testaments sold. 

Two Bibles sold. 

Sixteen tracts sold. 

Eight dollars' worth of books sold. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Vyara Girls' School 

In the picture in the river bed, the girls (22) and Shivalal master (headmaster) were on 
their way to a village three miles away to help in the evening service. 

Eight free cart service. 

Some personal improvements like these 
also are taking place, which makes us glad. 

Our first group went out with picture 
roll and musical instruments for a week. 
They met a very backward class at a well 
near the mission house, where such people 
stop for rest over night with their loaded 
and empty carts. You can scarcely find a 
man in this crowd who can read. This is 
a very superstitious class. Still they enjoyed 
the Gospel. This tolli sold eight Gospels 
to them. 

Our second group worked for four first 
days with such people, but in the meanwhile 
Eld. Wagoner came home from the district, 
so we took him with his lantern slides and 
servant, Okarlal, who was operating the 
lantern. We went out in different villages 
for six days. Thirty persons came out with 
us. We started from home at about 7 A. M. 
and came back by midnight or even later. 
To these villages we sold 116 Gospels and 
some New Testaments. 

Generally we find no opposition, but in one 
place a high-caste Hindu came in and 
scolded the people, telling them to run away 
from us. We asked why he was doing so. 
He said, " You Christians are a very meek 
people. You talk peacefully, sow seeds, and 
go home. After a long time the seeds 
grow, and we are led to doubt our religion 

and compelled to believe yours. That's the 
way our Hinduism is losing day by day. 
So we don't want to hear you." None lis- 
tened to him and so he had to go home, 
leaving us with a nice, attentive crowd. 

Those who couldn't join any tolli work 
individually, took the Gospels, and gave to 
their fellow-workers and went out at their 
ease for evangelism. 

One old man went out to buy hay. He 
took some Gospels with him. He talked to 
the villagers where he stayed over night and 
sold the books. 

One fellow kept some books at his shop; 
kept some with him in his pocket, sold 
them while traveling in railways, and talked 
to the folks whenever he went on his busi- 

Some schoolboys sold Gospels to their 
fellow-students and talked about Jesus. 
One brother, Premchan Dhanji, stopping 
with his sick wife, went out with Gospels 
to a neighboring station, Pani, during a 
fair and sold nearly 120 Gospels. 

Some could sell books and some could 
talk, but on the whole all took part in the 
evangelistic week work and enjoyed it. 
Some are so much interested in this work 
that they like to go out to other villages 
with the lantern. " So, then, neither is he 
that planteth anything, neither he that 
watereth, but God that giveth the increase." 


The Missionary Visitor 


We hope and pray and labor that God 
may be glorified by this first old church and 
fulfill his will in the establishment of his 
kingdom here. Amen. 


THE work of this station has enjoyed 
a successful year. The different de- 
partments are so related that from 
each one have come those who entered the 
Christian life. The early part of the year 
evangelistic work was done by Bro. A. S. B. 
Miller's who, in April, sailed for their fur- 
lough. Their work was brought to a close 
with two meetings — a love feast and the 
competing singing bands. After their going 
the work was placed in the care of Bro. 
Long's. The district work and schools 
were supervised by Bro. T. B. Jerome. 

At this station the church has agreed to 
take over and direct the evangelistic work. 
The missionaries are no longer the ones 
who must see to everything. The church is 
the center of station life. No longer do 
workers impose the Gospel upon India from 
without the church. The workers can now 
say they are the church, supported by the 
church. This fact, when understood by 
Hindus and the Moslem community, will 
receive their approval, which ought to be 
much gain. At least we await with interest 
the progress of the Gospel, from now on. 

Our boys and girls have their part also 
in evangelism. Bands of them have gone 
to different places, some near and some 
farther away. With their singing they make 
contacts which are worth while. The aim 
is to give them as much practical training 
in this work as possible while they pursue 
their school work. 

During the summer vacation the girls who 
remained in the hostel were taken to more 
than a half dozen different villages where 
they rendered a program on evangelism and 
temperance. In most cases large crowds 
came to hear them, which greatly encour- 
aged them to go on. When not too far 
they walked; otherwise they went in carts. 
One village was kind enough to give two 
carts for this purpose. We were glad to 
know that villagers, seeing and hearing these 
girls, were encouraged to do something for 
their own daughters, who are never even 
given a thought toward an education. Sen- 

timent is still very little among the common 
people for the education of girls. 

One Christian farmer has fallen into the 
hands of money lenders, who are seldom 
just. They take from him his crops and 
anything else he may have that is of any 
use. This necessitated his leaving his village 
and people, to go elsewhere that he might 
get land. The village to which he went 
has heard the Gospel for the first time 
through him. He is especially religiously 
inclined, and so makes the work of the Lord 
his first work. He invited a Christian band 
to come. Very few in that village were 
absent that night. A very favorable im- 
pression was made, so that since then there 
are inquirers concerning the Christian re- 
ligion. A little leaven leaveneth the whole 

A year ago one man, who was tempted 
by drink, became convicted of the evil in 
it. He came before the church, made his 
confession, and has lived free from it ever 
since. He testifies to the wonderful help 
he has received from the Lord in giving up 
this evil. He has taken to the suggestion 
of having a special place in his house for 
prayer, where he gathers his family daily 
and they are a family which is shedding 
an influence worth-while. 

One illiterate Christian taught his wife 
all he knew and brought her to one of the 
camps, desiring that she be baptized. After 
some days of instructing and teaching she 
was given the rite. Both went home happy, 
though they received the usual persecution 
and without fail will continue to receive it, 
yet they face it with pathetic bravery. 
When brothers and other relatives told them 
they would no longer eat and drink with 
them, have no fellowship with them, their 
only answer was, " We cannot help it. We 
know sooner or later you will do as we 
have done. The Lord will bring you to 
serve him, just as he has us." Is that not 
faith? They are the only Christians in their 
village and no others nearer than six miles. 
Considerable work is being done in and 
about Anklesvar as we find time to go into 
homes. Many splendid contacts have been 
made, but there is so much yet to do ! 
These contacts come about in various ways. 
Sometimes sickness throws us together; at 
other times, while riding on the train, we 
make acquaintances with those who live in 


The Missionary Visitor 



this town ; again some sort of school work 
will make an acquaintance, and one time a 
basket of fruit, taken by mistake, was the 
means of a contact. There is very little of 
the unfriendly type which we meet. We 
had a Christmas greeting from a non-Chris- 
tian, who did the greeting- in the name of 
Christ. This surely shows that prejudices 
are less than ever. 

The Vocational Training School began the 
third year June 5, with an enrollment of 
about sixty. Of these boys forty are com- 
pleting the seventh standard and the others 
are in the normal department. One-half of 
the boys attend school in the morning and 
the other half in the afternoon. Their pro- 
gram for the forenoon is : morning prayers, 
breakfast, Bible classes, field and shop 
work. For the afternoon it is class work, 
recreation, evening meal, evening study and 
evening prayers. 

After leaving school here the boys will 
need to return to the villages from which 
they came. Many would rather not do this, 
but there is no other way open to them. 
So we endeavor to give them the kind of 
training that will serve them best when 
they return to their homes. In the begin- 
ning it has been nearly impossible to get 
teachers for rural-life subjects. But as 
teachers become available it will become 
possible to use agriculture, poultry husband- 
ry and shop work as media of instruction 
along with the common branches. Recently 
the boys opened a cooperative bank. Their 
accounts are small, of course, but they have 
their secretary and managing board and 
carry on their own affairs in a businesslike 
way. It is hoped that this will not only 
.teach the boys thrift, but enable them to 
make intelligent use of the Farmers' Co- 
operative Banks when they leave school. 

One of the most hopeful events of the 
past year has been the adoption, by gov- 
ernment, of the special agricultural course 
for rural schools. Mission schools have 
from the beginning tried to supplement the 
"learning" with practical arts. During the 
past thirty years, when learning and manual 
labor were not good friends, the Brethren 
Mission has held to its policy of a school 
garden and a shop for each boarding school. 
Now it is a most hopeful sign to see many 
of the better government schools joining 
in a larger effort for rural education. 

The Normal School was conducted 
through the year. Out of twelve, eight 
passed in the first-year examination. Most 
of them are now teaching. The first class 
we had went out over a year ago. In some 
cases the project method has been followed, 
and with good results. We feel sure that 
if we had some one to supervise and follow 
up the work better results would be the 

The girls' school has gone on quite as 
usual, with improvements here and there. 
We are now in a better position to choose 
our girls, and thus not have so many stupid 
ones in the list. When they finish the 
sixth standard, there is a government course 
open to girls, which adds to their training. 
Each year, so far, our girls have taken 
the first and second prizes in the entire 
district. This speaks well for our school. 
High castes hitherto have had the impres- 
sion that lower classes are not mentally 
able to measure with their children. Op- 
portunity is what they would not grant to 
lower castes if they could help it. Out of 
thirty-five candidates, fifteen passed, and 
seven of these were our girls. A goodly 
number; yes, most of them are from the 
high-caste circles, and several had their 
third trial at this examination, many of 
them the second. All our candidates went 
up their first time. The Anklesvar govern- 
ment girls' school sent up five, all high-caste 
girls, and every one failed. 

Our girls had more than full work, for 
besides this course, four of them were in 
sixth standard and took several subjects 
from the practical arts course. Three of 
these students are to be teachers in the 
school from now on. Much useful help in 
teaching was given us by Mrs. Miller and 
Mrs. Long the fore part of the year and 
last year as well. 

A new item for the practical arts girls 
was the conducting of a small store by two 
of them. This was for all the schoolgirls 
who needed articles in school or hostel. We 
trust this has given them an experience 
which will prove of much value to them 
hereafter. India's women need to have more 
of the training which will make them self- 
reliant. Thousands of women become wid- 
ows and are as helpless as a small child, 
dependent entirely on others. 


The Missionary Visitor 



F. M. and Nora Hollenberg 

A BRIEF survey of conditions of the 
year 1926 presents a report similar to 
the previous years since we began 
work here. True it is that each year has 
brought added material blessings. During 
1926 a new teachers' line was erected ; a 
well bored and pump installed; a carpenter 
shop begun just at the close of the year; 
the schoolrooms have new and added equip- 
ment. Here and there on the compound 
somewhere there has always been some 
one giving his full time for the material 
blessings of us and the Indians. 

This temporal progress has far exceeded 
the development of the spiritual morale 
among our people here. Suffice it to say 
that both shepherd and flock may be blamed 
for this. This is the grievous part of our 
report, but facts must be stated as they 
are. God alone is able to judge fully the 
progress of the soul. But certainly it is 
our duty to spend more energy in building 
up the spiritual structure than to devote so 
much energy doing the physical chores. 
Too often the end of a day found us fagged 
out by mere physical efforts. Sometimes 
we have entrusted these people in our 
charge when they were weak and unworthy. 
Other times we did not trust them where 
they were strong and deserving. Another 
year would find us benefiting by the lessons 
of this year's mistakes, just as last year's 
progress, in part, was reaped by failures of 
the past. 

Again, as in our two previous years, the 
educational work, along with the station 
duties, has been the only phase of work 
emphasized. However, be it understood 
that in all the educational work the aim has 
been to put Christ first. To help promote 
this aim in the school, the missionary in 
charge taught daily Bible lessons, in the 
three upper grades, throughout the year as 
well as special classes for the teachers. 

A few changes were made in the teaching 
force of the school, this year, by dismissing 
two whose influence was a greater detriment 
than benefit to the boys. Mr. V. J. Gorde 
has been retained as head master. His tak- 
ing hold of responsibilities as they were 
given him is encouraging. 

When the school opened last June the 

seventh standard was introduced for the 
first time. A teacher from the town school 
consented to help teach the boys in this 
standard and he has rendered satisfactory 

Self-government among the boys in the 
boarding has been retained. The Hindu 
boys were kept under the care and super- 
vision of married Hindu men, each leader 
being responsible for a certain number of 

There has been an average enrollment of 
seventy-five pupils throughout the year. The 
average attendance has been a little below 
seventy-five, due to sickness and Hindu 

Medical work has been carried on in a 
very limited way and only for the benefit 
of the schoolboys and people on the com- 
pound. The health of the boys, people on 
the compound and missionary family has 
been such as is deserving of praise. The 
whooping cough epidemic was the only dis- 
ease that caused us some anxiety because 
of our three small children, but they escaped 
by a very light attack of it. Dr. Nickey, in 
her annual examination report, pronounced 
the health of the schoolboys above the 

A number of attempts have been made 
to teach reading, writing, sewing, and sim- 
ple Bible truths to the Hindu women on 
the compound, but each attempt proved a 
failure, due to lack of a faithful, consecrated 
Indian woman. 

The evangelistic work of the surrounding 
villages has been in the hands of Kalyan 
Bhosle. He has been living at Pancharlie 
all year. Here also his wife conducted a 
school for children of the primary grades. 

The evangelistic work of the compound 
has been in the care of Satwick Ranadive, 
from town. He has been faithful in taking 
charge of the Sunday afternoon services. 
His sermons have been delivered with force 
and showed preparation. Beginning with 
the New Year he refused to be supported 
financially by the mission. Judging from 
recent steps he has taken we are hopeful 
of this man rendering valuable services in 
God's kingdom, even as old as he is. We 
should never cease to pray for a man after 
he gets a vision of service and is willing to 
move out in the face of persecution. 

The Palghar church had a membership of 


The Missionary Visitor 


forty during 1926. The only baptism was 
the young daughter of Rev. Ranadive. The 
Palghar church is still in its infancy, and 
just as soon as there is an infilling by the 
Holy Spirit, of her members, that soon will 
she rise from her slumbers and energize 
mighty deeds for Christ. 

Vali Station 

D. J. Lichty 

FOR the satisfactory care and operation 
of the Vali School, as well as the farm 
and gardens connected thereto, much 
credit is due to Brethren Govindji Chelarav, 
the head master, and Raghavji Ramabhai, 
the boarding master. With but few excep- 
tions the work of their assistants was also 
praiseworthy. The missionary in charge, 
being mission builder, and often busied with 
work of a general character, could not give 
as much of his time to the church and 
school as they deserved. Mrs. Lichty had 
her hands full caring for the sick of the 
school and the community in connection 
with her little dispensary. She conducted 
sewing classes for women and girls and 
directed work among the non-Christian 
women of the village, while at the same time 
caring for the home and being on hand to 
help out in many an emergency in the ab- 
sence of her husband. 

The school consisted of one Parsee, nine- 
ty-nine Christian and thirty-five Bhil chil- 
dren. Of these, sixty-seven claim Christian 
parentage and sixty-eight non-Christian. 
Thirteen were girls, all being Christian. 
Ninety-nine took the annual government ex- 
amination and ninety-three passed. Of the 
1926 sixth standard, eight boys entered the 
seventh standard in the Anklesvar Voca- 
tional Training School, and two young men, 
having completed first year teacher-training, 
returned to Vali to teach where they for- 
merly had been students. An encouraging 
feature of our work is the increasing 
number of boys from the hill country, a sec- 
tion where our mission agents have not yet 
worked to any extent. 

Owing to general drought the 1925-26 
harvest was short in this section, so that 
the school farm and garden were only 
fairly productive. Of forty-five acres, twen- 
ty-five were devoted to the cultivation of 
cotton, kaffir corn, rice, pulse, and garden 

fruits and vegetables. There are fifteen 
cattle, both milk cows and oxen, owned by 
the boarding-school. 

The official staff of the Vali church con- 
sisted of one elder and five deacons. While 
we had but six baptisms during the year, 
there was noticeable improvement in the 
spiritual tone of the church. A new spirit 
of evangelism sprung up, so that of Sunday 
evenings and throughout the Christmas-New 
Year holidays many neighboring villages 
heard the Gospel by word and song from 
the lay members of our community. 
Through their influence a school was opened 
in a near-by village. The Vali church 
membership consists of teachers, farmers, 
carpenters, day laborers, servants, and 
school-children. Owing to two successive 
partial-crop failures our farmers have had 
a hard time to hold their own, so that church 
finances are not as flourishing as could be 

It is encouraging to see how our people 
now take to Christian marriage. Nine 
couples were united in wedlock by the 
writer in 1926, and the new year starts out 
auspiciously with two more. Several of 
these weddings were not only a novelty in 
the communities where they were held, but 
they received the hearty approval of a 
goodly number of high-caste neighbors who. 
attended. — fr - fr — 

Vyara Station 

J. M. Blough 

THE missionary staff during the year 
consisted of Miss Mow, in charge of 
the Girls' Boarding-SchooI and secre- 
tary of the station; Miss Woods, who 
passed her first-year's language examination 
and assisted in the Girls' School ; the 
Bloughs, who had charge of the Boys' 
Boarding-School and evangelistic work; the 
Brookses, who are in language study, but 
on account of Sister Brooks' illness were 
absent from the station all the year. 
The Church 
This church has had a pastor now for 
three years, although the missionary is still! 
the elder. This is a large and very much- 
scattered church, and it is impossible for the: 
pastor to visit all the members in a year,, 
for half of his time is given to other mission 
work. Seventy were baptized during the 
year. This brings the membership to 1,430. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Religious Fair 

A picture of the big JATRA (religious fair) held at Vyara in January, 1927. This gives some 
idea of the crowd although not half or a third shows in this picture. In foreground, at left, 
are our Mission tents, and the sheet iron booth which our Christians put up. For five days three 
times a day services were held. Boys and girls of the school helped in meeting with singing. 

About two hundred of these live at Vyara, 
and the rest in the villages scattered over 
three townships. Most of the members live 
in thirty villages. The largest group of 
Christians is 140. Two love feasts were held 
at the station and several in the villages. 
One minister was elected. We have six 
deacons. All mission workers paid the tithe 
during the year toward our church building 
fund. This increased our church contribu- 
tions 100%. We are greatly in need of a 
churchhouse. Of course the villages will 
need chapels of their own besides. 
Sunday Schools 

The Sunday-schools are wholly managed 
by Indians, but missionaries are teachers in 
the station school. There are thirty-two 
village Sunday-schools conducted by the 
mission workers. In April the annual exam- 
ination was held, with a fair result. The 
primary children use graded lessons. There 
were twelve classes in the station school. 
A teacher-training class was held toward 
the close of the year, of twenty-three pupils, 
and all passed. 

Boys' Boarding-School 

The hostel was full all the year; really 
a part of the year it was overcrowded, for 
there was such a pressure for boys to enter. 
The average for the year was 117, and we 

found it very difficult to support this num- 
ber, so we have arranged to admit only 
100 regularly from now on. The attendance 
was more regular than sometimes in the past 
and they returned more promptly after va- 
cation. The day school ran regularly 
throughout the year with seven teachers. 
We changed their program a bit. Now all 
go to school at the same time from 8 to 
11:30 and 1 to 2:30. From 2:30 to 5:30 
all go to work in shop or garden or special 
jobs. All the larger boys get their turn 
in carpentry and tailoring as well as farm- 
ing and gardening. After this is their play 
hour and a study period of two hours in 
the evening. Six boys were sent to the 
training school at Anklesvar this year. The 
carpenter boys helped very much with the 
building work on the girls' compound. They 
also cut all our hay. 

Evangelistic Work 

Oh, the joys of evangelistic work! The 
appeal of the villages is so great and the 
response so encouraging that one is drawn 
into this work with all his energy. We 
work among 100,000 people, of whom 90% 
are aborigines. They are animists by re- 
ligion, which means they have no organized 
worship and no religious leaders. Moreover, 
they are illiterate and backward and mostly 


The Missionary Visitor 


poor. They are, indeed, like the multitudes 
Christ's loving eyes rested upon — " sheep 
without a shepherd." We are trying to be 
Christ's undershepherds to them. They are 
responsive and for the most part willing to 
be shepherded. 

Thirty villages were occupied by nr'ssion 
workers as teachers and evangelists. These, 
directly and indirectly, through schools, are 
carrying on the work of evangelism during 
twelve months of the year. In addition to 
these are three supervisor-evangelists who 
visit the village schools once or twice a 
month, and encourage both the workers and 
the village Christians. 

Then during the open season of the year 
two groups of preachers tour as many of 
the villages as possible, always spending 
several days in each occupied village and 
going to as many new ones as the time will 
permit. Early in the year our party entered 
a new field and received a most hearty wel- 
come. Crowds of people came to hear. One 
evening it rained at 5 o'clock and we thought 
there could be no meeting because people 
must sit on the ground. But the people 
came and gladly sat on the wet ground for 
over an hour while we sang and preached 
to them. 

In a few villages in the district a weekly 
bazaar is held, where many people come for 
a day to buy and to sell. We attend as many 
of these as we can reach and locate our- 
selves under a shade tree near by, and for 
two hours preach to hundreds of people 
who otherwise would have no opportunity. 
There are also two annual fairs in our field 
which we attend. The one here at Vyara 
is the largest and lasts for five days. In 
this we have a booth and have preaching 
services three times a day for two hours at 
a time. This is a fine opportunity. But at 
night there was an opposition meeting held 
close by. Yes, the enemy is awake and try- 
ing to keep these people from knowing the 
truth. But Christ will win. 

Last of all I want to refer to our evangel- 
istic month. February has been set apart 
for a campaign of special evangelism by the 
whole church. In it all workers, school- 
children, laymen and village Christians are 
expected to take part. Our boarding-school 
teachers and boys went out in three groups 
for a week, and the workers combined in a 
number of groups along with the village 

school-children and independent Christians. 
In this way many villages were visited and 
many Gospels sold. God be praised for this 
noble service ! 

Jalalpor Church and Evangelistic 

B. M. Mow 

JALALPOR, which is by interpretation 
City of Glory, sounds like an interesting 
place to work — perhaps. There is little 
glory to be seen at present. But the mis- 
sionary casts an eye into the future when 
the kingdom of heaven permeates India like 
the leaven our Lord mentioned. Then there 
will be a truer glory than a mere high- 
sounding name. 

Our church here has shown a more rapid 
growth recently; in fact, within the last 
three years almost a hundred have been 
brought in by baptism, and this is half the 
number on the roll. Forty-four is the num- 
ber in 1926. The largest single agency is 
the Girls' Boarding-School. In it the girls 
are under Christian influence steadily, and 
every year brings in several of them for 
baptism. Their real test will come when 
they return to their villages and depressing 
influences, to be married off perhaps to 
heathen boys or men. Or, if they escape 
that, but go on to higher education and 
position, the enemy they must contend with 
is pride. 

The village masters have a splendid op- 
portunity to witness and bring others in. 
Some are more active than others, and then 
circumstances differ in various communities. 
I was happy to hear of some fifteen men 
desiring baptism in one section. Smaller 
numbers are expected at other places. 

One of our chief activities during the 
cool of the winter season is evangelization 
among the villages of the district. The 
party consists of an evangelist or supervisor, 
who does the preaching; the missionary; 
and such local Christians as can come along. 
At night the villagers assemble, after their 
day's work (if any) is done, to see the 
lantern pictures (of life of Christ, etc.) and 
hear the music we furnish, and some to 
hear the Word also. During the day, we 
have many people to talk with, along with 
the moving and other activities. At the be- 
ginning of the year this work was under 


The Missionary Visitor 


the care of Eld. D. L. Forney, who camped 
in a tent. His successor is trying it without 
a tent, in such quarters as the Christian 
teacher can provide. And he eats their food 
— every one prepares a chicken in his honor 
— usually cooked up with so much pepper 
that he can scarcely tell whether he is eat- 
ing chicken or fish! Much tea must also 
be drunk. 

In February we observe Evangelistic 
Week, in which every member seeks to 
present the Christian faith to his neighbors 
as much as possible, and considerable lit- 
erature is sold. The masters and boys go 
in bands to surrounding villages with the 
message. In Self-denial Week relatively 
much money is given by our members. 
During 1926 the church gave over 400 rupees, 
most of it into the care of the District 
Mission. Some forty-five were given to 
Bible and tract societies, a quantity to sus- 
tain an aged man, and some to help one 
of our village masters whose hut was broken 
into and his utensils, etc., stolen. 

On Oct. 22 we had a great day at Jalalpor, 
calling in the village workers, as many as 
could come. The purpose was to ordain 
one or more Indian brethren to the elder- 
ship. Eld. J. M. Blough was present to 
give the homily on what an elder should 
be, and Eld. Long also was present. The 
mind of the church was to give the office 
to Nathalal Mahida and Lallu Kalidas, who 
have been active workers for many years. 
The former gives much time to temperance 
work, and also supervises schools. He is 
living at Unai — so called from the hot 
springs there — and every year thousands of 
Hindus come there to bathe in the water 
sacred to Mata (the mother goddess). Lallu 
has been living at Bilimora as evangelist. 
But only a few days after this occasion he 
was stricken with paralysis. His recovery 
is very slow, and he can not talk. 

A love feast also was held at that time. 
Our members being scattered over two 
counties (Jalalpor and Chikhli), they can 
not often assemble, therefore they enjoy 
such occasions. 

There was general joy at the reopening 
of the Bible School at Bulsar. Three men 
went from Jalalpor, from June to Decem- 
ber. We have hope for more efficient and 
energetic teaching as more of our men do 
thus. Our workers and those of Bulsar had 

our institute at Wankal this year for a 
change. All enjoyed thus getting out (fif- 
teen miles) into the country, and seeing 
the promising Boys' Boarding-School there. 
One book of the Bible was studied, and 
some methods. 

We have some sixteen schools operating 
in the villages. Their attendance ranges 
from ten or twelve to above 100, and the 
total is about 400. Most of the "houses" 
are of bamboo and thatch. The latter must 
be renewed every year. Sometimes the loca- 
tion of the school is changed. When the 
village people give some help in erecting 
or repairing the schools we are happy. The 
better ones receive some aid from the gov- 

The masters get a wage depending on 
education and experience, in which our rules 
follow generally the custom of the country. 
But some wages seem to us pitifully small, 
several getting about six dollars per month! 
Child allowances may increase this some- 
what. In this country of grossly uneconomic 
beliefs and customs, wages are bound to be 
low, and prices relatively high. Wages (and 
third class railway fares) are about the only 
things that are cheap here. Our team of 
oxen is an expensive luxury, costing as much 
for support as two families. We employ 
about twenty-five teachers, and their wage 
comes to about $2,500 yearly. Other things 
add $1,500 more. Miss Miller's school takes 
about $2,000. We have possibilities of ex- 
pansion, also, as we become better known 
and understood. One thing we are rejoic- 
ing over is the entrance of a couple of 
Christian boys into the Jalalpor public 
school — a move that was stoutly resisted a 
few years ago by the townspeople. 

An activity we are eager to develop is 
evangelization among the Mohammedans. 
They are a minority of the population in 
this section (as also in most of India), but 
they are influential. They usually have defi- 
nite opinions, and are more aggressive in 
expressing and championing them. We 
must by all means pay more attention to 
these people and win some of them. This 
decision at least has been arrived at thus 
far. We are getting acquainted with some 
of them, and laying our plans. Those we 
have met have usually been friendly — prob- 
ably not so much from any spirit of love, 
but because they regard us as an immature 
variety of Moslem, not knowing the wide 


The Missionary Visitor 


gulf that lies between the teaching of the 
New Testament and the Koran. No task 
requires the guidance of the Holy Spirit 
more than that of pressing the claims of 
Christ upon a Moslem with just enough 
vigor to win his attention, but not enough 
to arouse his enmity. We crave your 
earnest prayers for the success of all this 



Umalla Men's Evangelistic Work 

B. F. Summer 

THE open touring season of the year, 
January, February, and December, 
was spent in tenting and touring in 
new territory. In all, fifty villages were 
visited, many for the first time, and the rest 
for the second time, these latter having been 
visited for the first time only the year 
previous. A few of these villages we visited 
during the day, but as a general rule the 
men for the most part being busy in their 
fields and other work during the day, we 
usually entered a village in the evening. 
Then, after the men came in from their 
work in the fields and had eaten their 
supper, they would gather at some favorable 
spot in one of the streets, and all sitting on 
the ground in the open would attentively 
listen to our music, singing and preaching 
and observe the magic-lantern slide pictures 
which we showed of the life of Christ. At 
the close of these services we would sell 
Gospels, small song books, and New Testa- 
ments, and distribute tracts. In all we sold 
over two hundred Gospels and about forty 
New Testaments. Thus by our visiting and 
forming acquaintances and friendships, and 
by our singing and praying and preaching 
and the showing of lantern-slide pictures, 
and by distributing the printed Word we 
trust that we have sown seed in this new 
large field that will result in fruitage to 
God's glory and the salvation of these needy 
people. But much persistent follow-up work 
will be imperative for good results of this 
first sowing, for " unless they have some one 
to guide them " they will not be able to. 

The people in general showed friendliness 
and respect. Only in two villages were we 
denied the privilege of holding a meeting. 
It was also very encouraging to notice the 
increase of friendliness and openness of the 
people in villages where we visited the sec- 

ond time, our first visit to them with the 
gospel message being the year previous. 
These people are of a sturdy farming class 
and well worth winning to God's kingdom. 

To tent and tour in new fields and present 
the gospel story to people for the first time 
in their lives is a very joyful and most 
challenging experience. 

It was also a special pleasure that Mrs. 
Summer and little Dorothy Mae could be 
along in the tent for seventy-eight consec- 
utive days and in good health all the while. 
They won special friendship from the people 
in villages where we pitched our tent. 

The work of the village schools in the dis- 
trict progressed nicely during the year, with 
few exceptions. One school grew to an 
enrollment of over fifty and an average 
attendance of about forty-five. In this 
school there are three teachers. Two new 
schools also were opened during the year. 
In one of these the teacher is a young man 
who received his training in the Anklesvar 
Vocational Training School, and his win- 
ning way and application of the " new 
method" is bringing response and results 
from the children in a most surprising man- 
ner. In one village, where for a number of 
years there have been a few Christians, 
eleven more were added by baptism, 
most of wihom were young married couples. 
On the same evening a very inspiring love 
feast was held, with Christians from near-by 
villages also attending. 

Evangelistic Report for Dahanu 

Mary B. Royer 

AT the beginning of the year our 
regular preaching services followed 
the Sunday-school period in the 
morning. In the afternoons we went to 
near-by villages to give the Gospel. There 
were three groups of women and girls and 
two groups of men. 

Bro. Butterbaugh, who was missionary 
in charge until his furlough time in March, 
was hindered from doing district evan- 
gelistic work on account of having charge 
of the building of the hospital. For lack 
of qualified Indian help Miss Royer was 
handicapped until the hot season. At that 
time of year it is not wise to attempt to 
live in a tent. But having found an ex- 



The Missionary Visitor 


ceptionally good camping place, and at an- 
other place a government bungalow, she 
v/as able to spend a few weeks in the dis- 

Dr. Metzger and Miss Rover spent a 
month before Christmas in a section where 
our women workers had never camped. 
Visits were made to neighboring villages at 
noon and sometimes in the evening. A 
request came from one village, asking 
whether they had pictures like "Alley Sahib" 
showed when he camped there, and whether 
they would come and show them. There 
were no pictures (magic lantern) like " Alley 
Sahib " had, but a number of Sunday-school 
Lesson Picture Rolls and a gas lantern 
answered the purpose very well. At least 
ten visits were made to that village, and 
there was a responsive, interested crowd 
each time. 

Every Sunday evening our Indian preach- 
er and a number of other Christian men 
from the station went to the camp and 
conducted meetings. Their presence with 
their Indian drums and cymbals added much 
to the interest of the services and their 
help was greatly appreciated. 

One of the most encouraging results of 
their stay at that place is that a Warli (name 
of the majority of village people of this 
section) lad earnestly requested to be taken 
on work. This was most unusual, as here- 
tofore none of that caste would work on 
the mission compound. Many have been 
told by the landowners to have nothing to 
do with us. This lad is now Miss Royer's 
bullock driver and is happy in his new 
duties. Rumor has it that if he continues to 
work for the missionaries he will not get 
the girl to whom he is engaged. He seems 
inclined to stay on. 

Eight were added to the church by bap- 
tism during the year. One of these, a young 
man, formerly a pup"l in one of our village 
schools, and now a dispensary servant, was 
baptized shortly before Christmas. He had 
been wanting, for some time, to become a 
Christian, but he knew it would mean a 
complete break with his family. He fre- 
quently said, " I would like to come, but 
I cannot suffer the consequences." But, 
praise God! he became willing to suffer 
whatever might come. His wife and father 
created rather an anxious situation for sev- 
eral days, but he remained firm. His wife, 
who had left him, returned after a short 

time and seems contented to live with him. 
He goes out every Sunday to assist in the 
district evangelistic work and is a happy 
and earnest witness for the Master. 

Touring in Raj Pipla State 

Kathryn Ziegler 

OUR evangelistic band started out early 
in the year, camping in six different 
villages, staying about a week in 
each village. About all the meetings were 
held in the villages where we camped, but 
we had meetings in other near-by villages. 
The work among the women was mostly 
personal ; either they came to our camp or 
we went to their homes. Sometimes we 
succeeded in having women's meetings dur- 
ing the day, if they were not too busy with 
field work, for the time we can be out 
in the villages on account of weather con- 
ditions is always the farmers' busy season, 
and all hands that can work are in the field. 
In four of the villages where we camp 
there are some Christian women. Several 
women were baptized in one village since 
we last camped there, among them an 
elderly woman with whom we had labored, 
but who gave us little hope of ever becom- 
ing a Christian. She said, " My sons are 
Christians and that will do," so when we 
learned that she was one of them that were 
baptized we greatly rejoiced and praised 
the Lord that this mother had made a start 
in the new life. What we long to see is 
to have husband and wife come into the new- 
life together, and this happened, too, in the 
same village. We look forward to camping 
there again this year, and hope to have a 
glorious time together. We need to uphold 
these new Christians with other village 
Christians, that they become strong and able 
to withstand the temptations that come to 
them, and that they may be live wires and 
bring others to the Master. 

We like it when people ask us to come 
to their village to hold meetings, but we 
are not always so welcome, and feel as 
though the time had come to shake the 
dust off on them and go on. 

Again we get into some villages where 
people are afraid and hide from us. We 
entered a village and saw no one. but evi- 
dently some one had peeped through the 
air holes in the wall of their huts, for one 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Double Wedding in India 

Two of Miss Mow's schoolgirls and two of J. M. Blough's schoolboys married at 8:30 on 
March 2, 1927. The couple on the left live in a village three miles east of Vyara, and he is 
the teacher in that village school. The pastor, Jivanji, stands in the center. 

courageous soul, more so than the rest, came 
out and gave us a bed to sit on, but she 
" took her life and went," as they say in 
Gujarati. We began to sing, " All sinners 
come to Jesus," but no sinners appeared, 
and we soon left. No doubt those village 
folks felt easy to see us leave as they 
peeped out after us. 

Considering these conditions, the cold 
weather, the open-air meetings and the very 
scanty clothing that these people have, our 
services are well attended and there is re- 
markably good attention, but they are not 
stirred as we wish to see it and do not 
ask what they must do to be saved. One 
almost comes to the conclusion that they do 
not know their lost condition, do not have a 
sense of sin. 

But it is for us to so love and labor on 
in the power and strength of the Master, 
ever remembering that God said his Word 
would not return to him void. 

Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 
i > * < — »fr— • 

Vyara Girls' School 

Anetta C. Mow 

Jan. 4. School began after Christmas va- 
cation ; seventy-five girls enrolled. Ten 
girls took the train to Anklesvar to attend 
school there. 

9. Twenty girls went to Ambafali to spend 
two days in camp, testifying for Christ. 

13. School attended the Baroda King's 
Jubilee Program on the courthouse grounds. 
Several girls received prizes in the sports. 

14. Jumnabai and Miss Mow attend a 
Conference at Ahmedabad for house-masters 
and matrons. 

17. Group of girls went to the tent at 
Davilpadi ; sang songs, told Bible stories, 
and gave parts of Christmas program. 

28. Snapped a dozen pictures of the school 
for the Lincoln Conference exhibit. 

Feb. 6-8. Group of girls went to Cham- 
pavadi to help in evangelistic work. 

8. Class of twelve girls began to study 

10. Dr. A. R. Cottrell came to Vyara to 
examine all school-children. Iron tonic, 
spleen mixture and sulphur-salve were pre- 

14. Thirty girls received song-books for 
committing seventy-five Bible verses. 

14-21. Teachers and girls of the school 
held meetings in surrrounding villages each 
evening. Every morning, at the close of 
prayers, the girls do the daily dozen. 

March 29. Love feast ; over 700 present. 
Twenty-seven were baptized. 

April 10. Girls took the All-India-Sunday- 
school examination. 


The Missionary Visitor 


^ K. 

iL ^.w ■ « -^w> **•.** ^Ilp^ 


Girls' School at Vyara 

"My School " taken in the front yard. Seventy-five girls in this picture. I had tried to 
have the letters in Gujarati but it didn't work because Gujarati letters are too fancy and i 
intertwined to show up in a picture. — Anetta Mow. 

24. Twenty-five people with tropical ulcers 
on their feet were sitting in front of the 
bungalow by 6 : 30 in the morning. Two 
hours spent in dressing them. 

May 2. Schoolgirls gave a fine temperance 
program in their afternoon meeting. 

11-31. Girls go home for one month of 

24. Moved into new cook house, grinding 
room, " godown " and isolation ward. 

June 7. Girls make six flower-beds in the 
school yard. The swing and teeter-totter 
and "jungle cage" are in running order and 
are in constant demand. 

July 6. Miss Mow left for Landour, and 
Miss Woods took charge of the school. 

July-Aug. Very hard rains ; school roof 
leaked. One Sunday morning the girls had 
to be carried across the creek on their way 
to church. Grass-cutting is the order of 
the day. 

Sept. 3. Miss Mow returned to her school 

14-17. Children have Shraddh holiday. 

October 1. The school-chickens supply 
plenty of eggs. Girls enjoy egg-shake. 
Sewing classes meet each evening. Every 
girl in the school makes a garment. The 
V Standard girls knit hoods, booties and 

15. Bought 8 sacks rice, 5 sacks jewar, 4 

wheat, 4 pulse, 1 salt, 2 cans coal oil, 40 ibs. 
sugar, 40 lbs. sweet oil, 20 lbs. potatoes, 16 
lbs. ghi. 

Nov. 19-30. Workers' Institute; love feast 
held at the beginning of the sess'on. Special 
meetings and classes were held for the girls. 
Seven girls were baptized. 

22. Miss Woods moved to Anklesvar. 

26. Rashmi killed a cobra behind the 

Dec. 7. Bought seventy-five saris — one 
apiece for each girl in the school. 

16. Some fifty little chicks have hatched 
out. The school must pay a fine for build- 
ing the wire chicken pen, without having 
received permission from the government to 
do so. The fine amounts to about twenty 
cents ! 

19. Twenty girls went to Saraya to help 
in village work for two days. 

24. Candle service held at the church. 
Ever}- one present held a lighted candle. 

25. At 4:30 the girls began the day by 
singing Christmas carols. Christmas pro- 
gram. Girls gave $4 as their " White Gift " 
toward the building of the Vyara church, 
by denying themselves four items of food 
for two weeks. 

25. At noon, girls started home for ten- 
day vacation. 


The Missionary Visitor 


31. A group of girls enjoyed two days at 
Dolara, telling and singing and living the 
gospel story. 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Jalalpor Girls' School 

LAST year was the best in the history 
of this school. It came nearer in 
living up to the purpose of its exist- 
ence than in any previous year of its his- 
tory — that of serving the girls of the de- 
pressed or backward classes. The majority 
in attendan?e now, especially in the board- 
ing department, are from that class. In this 
we greatly rejoice. 

Eleven d'ifferent villages are represented. 
That means a connection with that many 
places. These girls go back and forth rt 
vacation times, and they nearly always bring 
some one new with them. Few of the girls 
from these classes in the immediate com- 
munity have enrolled. Great difficulty is 
found in keeping near-by parents away long 
enough to get the girls properly settled. 
Parents, too ignorant themselves to under- 
stand the welfare of the children, often take 
them out, because of the least complaint on 
the part of the child that she may be a bit 
homesick or dissatisfied. 

Jivibai Makan, the first girl enrolled as 
a boarder when the school opened in 1919, 
is the efficient matron, who is a strong 
" right arm " to the missionary. She is a 
real big sister to every girl, and has won the 
affection and goodwill of all of them. What 
could we do without her? She is with them, 
day and night and shows wonderful admin- 
istrative ability in the management of them 
and the boarding department. What a 
blessing are these faithful, trustworthy In- 
dian helpers ! We praise God for such as 
she. That she has come through the school, 
showing herself such a fine example of 
womanhood, is a daily inspiration, helping 
in working with the ones following in her 

Chaganlal Virgingh and his wife, Miriam, 
have given another year of diligent and 
faithful service in the day school — he as head 
master and she as first assistant. Kashibai 
and Hirabai Mansingh (sisters) were second 
and third assistants with them. They also 
rendered very acceptable service. We had 
to give them up at the end of the year 

when they gave their services to govern- 

The boarding department had an average 
of fifty-five for the year and the number in 
the day school was seventy-four. The chil- 
dren from the outside who attend the day 
school come from both Christian and non- 
Christian homes. Boys are admitted as far 
as the third grade. Three Mohammedan 
children from a near-by wealthy home at- 
tend regularly. A little Parsi boy, frail and 
weak and too timid to attend a boys' school, 
also comes and sits with the girls. Hindu 
children from various castes are represented 
and make no objection to the association 
with the other classes. It is a great mix- 
ture of religions and classes; but all work 
together peaceably. In the annual examina- 
tion, both in the day school and the Sunday- 
school, results showed faithful teaching. 

Noteworthy is the admission of Christian 
boys into the Jalalpor Primary Government 
School, whence they had been debarred for 
a number of years. Their entrance made 
no disturbance, which again shows the 
growing favor of Christians in even caste- 
bound Jalalpor. 

The outlook, not only across the land- 
scape, is fine. New doors are opening on 
every side. Old prejudices are passing away. 
India's new day is a wonderful challenge to 
faith and courage and brings the confident 
assurance that the truth will prevail. We 
have received above all that we could ask 
or think, and we believe there are richer and 
greater blessings farther on. Wives and 
mothers for the future are one of the great- 
est needs of Hindustan. This is one of the 
places where they are manufactured. The 
finished product of this school is sent on 
to Anklesvar for the final touches. The 
school here takes . the pupils through the 
fifth grade. 

Bulsar Boys' Boarding-School 

WORK in the Bulsar Boys' Boarding- 
School was carried on during 1926 
in seven classes, ranging from pri- 
mary to sixth standard. Seven trained 
teachers were employed under the general 
supervision of L. A. Blickenstaff. The total 
enrollment in the school was 144. Sixty-four 
of these were day pupils from the Bulsar 
Christian community and the remainder 


The Missionary Visitor 


were regular boarders in the Mission School 
Hostel. The hostel also provided a home 
for fifteen boys who attended government 
school in the bazaar. Out of 141 pupils who 
took final examinations, 125 received passing 

Bible instruction was especially empha- 
sized this year, it being the ideal to have 
at least a half hour every day in every 
standard. While the Bulsar Bible School 
was in session students from that school 
were used to teach the Bible in the seven 
classes, and later a regular Bible teacher and 
his wife were employed on full time. 

Bulsar Medical Report 

THE past year offered many opportu- 
nities for service and was filled with 
many blessings. The personnel of 
the staff remained the same as in 1925, with 
the exception of Marthabai Mithalal being 
added to the nursing staff. 

The evangelistic work continues to grow 
in interest. While patients wait for the 
doctors, Eld. G. K. Satvedi and his wife, 
Kankubai, tell the gospel story. Thus the 
patients come to know of the Divine Physi- 
cian whose love and healing power is for 
them also. The story of our Lord brings 
help and comfort to those in need. A good 
tract or leaflet is of great value in spreading 
the Gospel. Many tracts and Gospels are 
sold and some given free. 

There was no severe epidemic throughout 
the year. During the months following the 
rains there was less sickness than usual. 
Especially in this district was malarial fever 
less. Influenza was less than usual. 

The monthly average of patients was 
about the same as in 1925 ; but the total 
number for the year was less as the hospital 
was closed during the hot season. The 
chronic cases include malaria, nephritis, 
blood disorders, heart diseases, leuitic infec- 
tions, and an increasing number of tuber- 
cular patients. Acute cases include pneu- 
monia, malaria, dysenteries, typhoid, influ- 
enza and tuberculosis. The surgical cases 
include tonsillectomies, operations on the 
generative and urinary systems, operations 
for hernia, amputations, and many minor 
operations. The obstetrical cases afford 
many opportunities for service. 

During the year two missionary babies 

were welcomed in the hospital — Stanley 
Eugene Summer and Richard Wilbur 
Moomaw. For the most part the health of 
the mission family was good. Miss Woods 
was a patient in the hospital with some 
post-influenzal complications. Miss Kintner 
had a typhuslike type of fever. Mrs. Brooks 
was a patient in another hospital. 

The year with its work is in the past. 
We do our best and leave the rest with 
God. Pray for the mission work in all its 
departments of service, that through its 
ministry many souls may be brought to him. 

Dahanu Medical Work in 1926 

Ida Metzger 

THE year 1926 marks the opening of 
the new hospital and with it the ful- 
fillment of the dream for the opening 
of larger doors of opportunity for service 
here. The pioneers of the Dahanu medical 
work, who labored for long years with in- 
adequate equipment and who had to care 
for their patients in crude bamboo rooms 
with dirt floors, could most fully experience 
the joy of the opening of this hospital, but 
to all interested in the work it was a very 
happy day. The Indian people have verbally 
spoken their appreciation, and the sincerity 
of their words has been shown by the num- 
ber of patients that have already come into 
the institution. Also appreciation of the 
work has been shown by the gifts, most of 
them from those who had been patients, but 
one or two were from folks who had not 
been patients, but had become interested 
through hearing of the work. 

It is gratifying to see that the hospital 
is fulfilling the desire to be of service to 
all classes of people. The patients have been 
Parsees, Mohammedans, Christians, and vari- 
ous castes of Hindus, from the rich to the 
very poor ; also Europeans. An American 
lady from one of our sister missions and 
an English lady, the wife of a man in gov- 
ernment service, came here for confinement. 

It is a happy surprise that a good number 
of obstetric cases are coming into the hos- 
pital. Recently a nurse from another mis- 
sion was visiting the hospital and she asked, 
14 How do "you manage to get these cases 
to come to the hospital? " Perhaps the 
nice, light, airy rooms and clean methods, 
in contrast with the dark, stuffy, lying-in 


The Missionary Visitor 



room of the Indian home and the disease 
that follows the trail of the native midwife, 
have made an impression. 

Another avenue of service is the training 
school for nurses. Because of the small size 
of the hospital we cannot give a fully rec- 
ognized . course, but we do plan to give a 
course that will impart a practical knowl- 
edge of the care of the sick, and will enable 
the girls to become valuable servants in the 
communities in which they live. Already a 
number of our own mission girls are looking 
forward toward taking the course, and three 
other missions have expressed their desire 
to send girls here for training as soon as 
there is an opening. 

Little Daya not only furnishes another 
opportunity for service, but she renders 
service, for she is a bright ray of sunshine 
in the institution. Her smiles cheer every- 
one who goes near her. She is a little 
babe, both her parents are dead, and so she 
was brought to the hospital with the request 
that the mission care for her, since there 
was no one else to do so. Even though 
her skin is dark she is a charming child, and 
it is our hope that she will develop into as 
splendid a woman as the child she is now. 

Industrial Work 

IN the beginning of the year's work we 
made a complete revision of the course. 
The better parts of the old course in 
joinery used by Bro. Emmert, with the prac- 
tical part of Bro. Ross' courses, were the 
groundwork. Then we received some val- 
uable additions from Mr. Worthin of the 
Government Industrial School at Allahabad. 
In June the course was further strengthened 
by some work we saw at the industrial 
exhibit at Kodaikanal. The course consists 
of the proper use of a few tools and the 
making of such things as pencil boxes, coat 
hangers, paper racks, picture frames with 
appropriate joints, and running up into 
stools, chairs and tables. The object is to 
give the boys as much practical work as 
possible with a minimum of waste material. 
The tailor shop has been managed on 
the same plan as last year, as also the 

Wankal Educational Work 

JN the six standards, including the pri- 
mary class, there were eighty-one pupils 
who sat for examinations, and of these 
seventy-eight passed. There were seven in 
the fifth standard, and these should have 
come on to Bulsar for the sixth, but owing 
to their fear of becoming defiled three of 
them said they would not go, and so went 
to their village homes. We made a class 
for the other four, but soon learned that 
this was not feasible, so they also returned 
to their homes. 

There has been an exceptionally fine spirit 
in this work all the year. The house master 
has had charge of the Bible and religious 
instruction, and has done his work so well 
that on Jan. 23 we baptized thirty-three of 
them, which makes thirty-seven baptized 
from this school this year. 

One master from here has been in the 
Bible School conducted by our Bro. Blough 
at Bulsar from June to November. He will 
return again next June. The result has been 
to make him an enthusiastic Christian, and 
we hope for great things from him in the 
future. -*MM*i. 

The Baby Home 

Olive Widdowson 

THE year is closing with twenty-three 
children and babies in the Home. 
Twenty-five is our limit, so far as 
funds are concerned. We have accommo- 
dation for thirty children. Have had twenty- 
five until two weeks ago, when one little 
girl went to Dahanu and one boy was sent 
to the Vyara Boarding. Thirteen children 
were taken in during the year. Of these 
thirteen one was a very badly diseased child. 
He was at the hospital at Bulsar for some 
time, but did not respond to treatment. He 
literally wasted away and at the end of 
six months died. He was quite a problem, 
as we do not have arrangements for effec- 
tive segregation here. 

During the rainy season we had quite a 
siege of sickness among our small babies. 
Two of them, that had been in the Home 
a little more than a year, died. There 
were three deaths in the Home during the 
year. The rains were very heavy, with very 
little sunshine. Sunshine is our great helper 
in combating disease and maintaining healthy 


The Missionary Visitor 


conditions. For instance, if the milk-woman 
does not have sunshine for purifying her 
vessels they get bad and she brings us bad 

It is rather remarkable that ten of the 
children taken in this year are of Christian 
parents. Six of the older children were 
sent away to boarding school. 

We turned away more babies this year 
than any previous year. We tried to keep 
within the limit of our funds. Early one 
morning, from a near village, a woman 
brought a baby just a few hours old. Its 
mother had died. It was a healthy-looking 
baby, but we had all the small babies we 
could possibly take care of in the Home, 
with one in my room cared for by my helper 
and myself. We told the woman to get 
some one to nurse the baby for her. She 
said, "Miss Sahib, who would do that?" 
Many Indian mothers think if they would 
nurse a strange child their own would die. 
She said she would feed it goat's milk, but 
we heard the next week that it had died. 
That is the fate of most babies here that 
are left motherless. 

The Indians are very slow in taking up 
the care of motherless babies. They say, 
" Oh, they will die anyway." It seems to 
me it will be some time before missions can 
turn over this line of work, however much 
they wish to do so. 

May our Father help us to realize the 
value he sets on the lives of these little 

Umalla. , , 

Widows' Home 

IN March, Ruthbai, who had come from 
Vali in January, 1925, was married and 
now lives out near Vyara. After that 
the number in the Home (six women and 
tour children) remained unchanged until 
the middle of December. At that time 
Dayabai, whose husband died in 1924, came 
to the Home. She had been living with her 
brother and family at Ahwa. She has now 
gone to help Miss Widdowson in the baby 
home at Umalla. 

Christmas eve Karunabai and her two 
children came back to the Home. They 
had left us in July, 1925, to live again with 
the husband and father. He died Dec. 10, 
after an illness of but three days. His 
death left the family dependent. 

The health of all was quite good through- 
out the year. 

Besides those who lived in the Home here 
at Bulsar, three others at different stations 
were partly supported from the funds here. 

Secretary-Treasurer's Office 

THE office of the secretary-treasurer 
of the mission is located at Bulsar 
on account of the central situation. 
The desirability of centralized accounting 
with modern equipment and methods is 
evidenced by the fact that five other mis- 
sions in India, after obtaining details of 
our centralized accounting system, either 
adopted similar methods or are preparing 
to do so. The ideal is that the central office 
shall receive and handle all accounts of the 
entire field, thus reducing the missionaries' 
work in bookkeeping to an absolute min- 

An Indian assistant is employed in this 
work. Unfortunately for the work, the man 
who was serving so acceptably fell a victim 
to tuberculosis and died in November. 

The Cooperative Bank, organized three 
years ago, now enjoys a membership totaling 
over eighty families. It continues to make 
satisfactory profits and renders an appre- 
ciated service to the Christian community. 

Through the facilities of the office a tract 
of land owned by the mission has been sub- 
divided and sold on easy terms, thus pro- 
viding homes or land for about fifty worthy 
Christian families. 


Of One Blood: A Short Study of the Race 
Problem, by Robert E. Speer. Missionary 
Education Movement. Price, 75c, cloth ; 50c 
in paper. 

This is a basic study of the world-wide 
problems of race and treatment of American 
race issues against the background of world 
movements. Few people know the races of 
the world as does Dr. Speer, who, although 
secretary of a foreign mission board, was 
selected to write this home mission book 
because it was felt that only a man with 
exceptional vision and world knowledge 
could properly prepare such a volume. He 
has produced a scholarly treatise, full of 
authoritative material and challenging in its 
point of view. A book for those who want 
the best. 


The Missionary Visitor 


India Mission Statistics, 1926 



I I- 1 

1 o 








































1894 I *60 


3 | 19 | 21 | | 

12 of this number on furlough. 


Widows' Ho. 



Mission Stations 























1 1 










| 11 13| 9] 4] 1| 37| 19] 18 


Mission Stations 

Native Staff 

The Church 
























U 3 

<l> ^ 


"5 » 





c o 
3 I 



Anklesvar . 








































12351 11|158| 66| 10| 581230|5,638j3,564|2,431|l,366| 85|3,372| 1,506 


Mission Stations 



Elem. Sch'ls 

H. & Mid. 

Ind. Sch. 

Tea. Tr. 


Anklesvar . 











7\ 280 
21 1 383 




227 53 

292 91 

597J 48 

116| 27 

457| 97 

55| 6 

202 1 16 

751 14 

55 37 


$ 9 


13,638|...|...|134|3,203|2,671|531| 14|435|309|126| 3|53*| 531 J 1| 2 1| 21|...|$9 

* Excluded from totals to avoid duplication. 



The Missionary Visitor 



Mission Stations 


Native Staff 

Hospitals and Dispensari 

- - 

























5 Q 















O o 

§ s 

Ahwa . . 
Bulsar . 
Vada .. 




1' 1 

H 1 
H 1 






| 1| 3| 2| 1|...| 2| 2| 2| 28|323 1 3|28,115| 52|626[ 21|509|8,777|27,050|9,842 

'Hospital opened August 1, 1926. 


(Continued from Page 165) 

congregation, one-third support of Anna 
Hutchison, China. 

Huntingdon congregation and college, J. 
M. Blough, India. 

Indian Creek congregation, Sara Shisler, 

Lebanon Sunday-school, " Helping Hand " 
Class, Alberta C. Sollenberger (daughter of 
O. C. Sollenberger), China. 

Maple Spring (Quemahoning congrega- 
tion), Esther Beahm, Africa. 

New Enterprise congregation, Sara G. 
Replogle, India. 

Palmyra congregation, D. L. Forney, India. 

Peach Blossom congregation, two-thirds 
support of Anna Hutchison, China. 

Pittsburgh and Greensburg congregations, 
Leland S. Brubaker, China. 

Richland congregation, B. Mary Royer, 

Salunga Sunday-school (E. Petersburg 
congregation), Baxter M. Mow, India. 

Scalp Level congregation, Dr. H. L. Burke 
(full support), Africa. 

Seventh Circuit Sunday-schools, Marie W. 
Brubaker, China. 

Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level and 
Windber congregations, Anna Z. Blough, 

Southern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Adam Ebey, India. 

Spring Creek congregation, Eliza B. Miller, 

Waynesboro congregation, Lizzie N. Flory, 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Ida 
Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India; 
Grace Clapper, China, and William H. 
Beahm, Africa. 

Mechanicsburg Sunday-school, "Willing 
Workers' " Class, Lois Mow (partial sup- 
port) (daughter of B. M. Mow), India. 

Western Pennsylvania Young People's 
Council, Marguerite S. Burke, Africa. 

White Oak congregation, Ruth B. Mallott, 
Tennessee — 

Sunday-schools of Tennessee, Anna B. 
Seese, China. 
Virginia — 

Barren Ridge congregation, Nora Flory, 

Bridgewater congregation, Ella Flohr, 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, Norman A. 
Seese, China. 

Cline, Willie B., of Lebanon congregation, 
Alfred E. Hollenberg (son of Fred M. Hol- 
lenberg), India. 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday- 
schools, Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 

Greenmount and Elk Run congregations, 
partial support Sara Z. Myers, China. 

Lebanon congregation, Chalmer G. Shull, 

Middle River, "Willing Workers'" Class, 
Verna Flory (daughter of B. M. Flory), 

Middle River Aid Society, partial support 
(Continued on Page 196) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The China Mission 

Report for the Year 1926 

Emma Horning 

IF you do not know you have a right 
to know. You have made it possible 
for the work in China. You have sup- 
ported it with your money, men and prayers. 
Yes, do you know that a new period in our 
mission work is just opening in China? Do 
you know the situation, the difficulties, the 
problems and the future possibilities? Prob- 
ably not, for we scarcely know ourselves. 
But we will state the situation as we see it. 
First Period — Seed Sowing 

We have been in China now eighteen 
years. Over sixty workers have been sent 
out. We have put our very life blood into 
the work. Some have not been able to 
endure the strain and have returned. Three 
lie on the hillside overlooking Ping Ting, 
awaiting the resurrection call. 

What is the result? Near a thousand 
have been baptized and several churches 
have been organized. However, these are 
not strong, and workers from older missions 
are necessary to keep the work up. If we 
saw only these results we might have rea- 
son to be discouraged. But — take a deeper, 
broader look and what do we see? Eight- 
een years ago this was a closed field. Few 
had ever heard the name of Jesus. If they 
had it was through the horrors of the Boxer 
times. Now the doors are open wide till 
almost everybody has heard a little about 
Jesus and the work we have come to do. 
Yes, many, many know about Jesus and 
say he is good. Truly our work has not 
been in vain when it has made such an 
impression on a million people. 

The close of this period has been marked 
by a few clouds looming up on the horizon. 
Cloud No. 1 

The anti-Christian movement has been 
criticising missions rather severely, and 
throwing a cold blanket on the enthusiasm 
of many. But gold does not fear the fire. 
It is only purified thereby. Even these 
students saw that Christ is all right, but 
mission work is not up to his standard. 
Alas, how true ! We are painfully conscious 
of the fact. May their criticism only help 

us to pray more and work harder to raise 
the Christian standard year by year. 
Cloud No. 2 

We have been attempting to establish 
self-government in the church, but probably 
have pushed it too rapidly for so young a 
church and have run into difficulties. We 
find that very few are capable of taking 
such responsibility, lacking in the spirit of 
cooperation, self-sacrifice, and hard spiritual 
work for the spread of the kingdom. They 
also consider the home church a great 
corporation, ready to supply them money 
for unlimited years. Experience and spir- 
itual power have not yet prepared them 
to stand alone. 

These two clouds have discouraged many 
this year, who are wondering if all this 
sacrifice and hard work is worth while. 
Will a foreigner in a foreign land, speak- 
ing a foreign language, ever be able truly 
to represent our wonderful Christ? Will 
we, as representatives of material-loving 
America, ever be able to interpret a Spir- 
itual Christ? 

The blackest darkness comes before the 
dawn. We trust the deputation from home 
helped us pass the crisis and that the new 
period has opened. 

Second Period — Cultivation 

The far-flung seeds are sprouting and 
sending forth refreshing blades all over the 
field. Now is the time to work with all our 
might to keep the ground in good condition 
and the weeds from crowding out the tender 

Yes, many know about Christ, but how 
many even of the Christians know him in 
his beauty and power, or love him with a 
love that will send them out to give their 
lives for their fellow-men? These are the 
only kind of Christians that will make the 
work self-propagating and self-supporting. 

We now have young Christians scattered 
throughout the length and breadth of our 
district, who are begging for this cultivation. 
The difficulty is how to reach them with so 
few efficient workers. To help solve this 
question we are planning to move out from 
the central stations to the smaller centers 
and villages where we will be closer to them. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Here we will live with them, pray with 
them, sympathize with them in their joys 
and their sorrows, till Christ be formed in 

China is crying for the real Christ, the liv- 
ing Christ, the ideal Christ, not Christian 
civilization, with all its pomp and power, but 
the spiritual, purifying, saving Christ of the 
inner life. This is the only message that 
will satisfy China, the only message that 
will save China. 

But who is able for it? We are only 
human like you are, and yet we have the 
responsibility of this great divine message 
on our shoulders. We can only work as 
the Spirit of this Christ works through us. 
We are only the radio through which the 
message passes. You from the homeland 
must supply the power, that the message 
may be the living Christ. May your thou- 
sands of prayers supply us daily with the 
spiritual message fresh from the heart of 

Jesus Christ. 


The Evangelistic Department 

W. Harlan Smith 

THE program of evangelism in the 
China Mission, as divided among the 
three different methods of approach, 
viz., medical, educational, and evangelistic, 
has, as its field of work, nine counties in the 
heart of Shansi Province. This is about 
one-tenth of the area of the province, and 
perhaps has a population of between 1,500,000 
and 2,000,000 people. There are four centers 
of work at present. They are P'ing Ting 
Hsien, Liao Chou, Shou Yang, and T'ai Yuan 
Fu. The last mentioned place is the capital 
of the province, while the other three places 
are county seats. The field is at this time 
by no means evangelized. Our, as yet, un- 
written slogan is "The Word of God in the 
heart of every man, woman, and child in 
these nine counties." We hope that we may 
have as good success in carrying out this 
slogan in the next ten years, as the tobacco 
people have had in the past ten years in 
carrying out their slogan, " A cigarette in 
the mouth. of every man, woman, and child 
in China." 

In making this report for the year 1926 
we cannot but, first of all, raise our hearts 
in thanks to our Heavenly Father for the 
peace and quiet which we have enjoyed 
throughout the length and breadth of our 

mission field here in the heart of Shansi 
Province. The missions of many other 
churches have not enjoyed such blessings. 
We were not molested by soldiers or ban- 
dits, although Liao Chou territory, according 
to the report of Bro. Oberholtzer, has not 
fully recovered from the nervousness and loss 
resulting from the war there late in 1925. 
This atmosphere makes the work of evangel- 
ism a little more difficult in that district. 
The anti-Christian and anti-foreign feeling 
throughout China has not affected our work 
in any noticeable way. The work in T'ai 
Yuan Fu, perhaps indirectly, felt the opposi- 
tion manifest by these two movements more 
keenly than the work at other centers in 
our field. The anti-Christian movement did 
for a time show a very serious aspect in the 
Shou Yang territory. Its medium was the 
County Educational Association, with its 
teachers throughout the county. The move- 
ment for some reason or other soon lost 
most of its momentum, without having done 
any serious damage to the work of evangel- 
ism in that district. However, we have 
noticed that the Chinese, and especially our 
Christians, have been more frank in express- 
ing their opinions of us and our methods of 
work, because of the wave of nationalism 
and spirit of self-determination which is 
spreading over China. But we are optimistic 
enough to think that this new attitude will 
be good for our work, even if it does entail 
a certain loss of prestige for us as for- 
eigners. But all in all, there has been very 
little friction between Chinese and foreign 
workers. Thus we feel that the work of 
evangelism has in a general way been quite 
successful during this year. 

Three gospel tents have been busy pro- 
moting the program of evangelism in our 
territory this year. Two of these tents were 
in the P'ing Ting territory and the other 
in the Liao Chou territory. Thirty-seven 
large villages, with populations ranging be- 
tween 500 and 2,000, were visited by these 
tents. Perhaps between 50,000 and 75,000 
people attended the meetings in these tents. 
Tent evangelism is coming to be recognized 
as the best method of itinerant evangelism 
for this generation. Our mission has been 
using this method a little over a year. We 
have not had the leaders to man these 
tents in the way that would be most effi- 
cient, and yet the results have been quite 
satisfactory. As these tents are really only 


The Missionary Visitor 


seed-sowing agencies, we can not give re- 
sults in definite gains for the kingdom, but 
we are sure that the Word, as Seed, has 
not all fallen on barren ground. People are 
better acquainted with the work of the 
church than they would have been other- 
wise. The three men and two women evan- 
gelists in each tent are doing the best they 
can, but we are sure the work would be 
more efficient if we had a well-trained 
director for each tent. The tent work is 
now more or less supervised by the mis- 
sionary evangelist in charge of the district 
where the tent is. The follow-up work 
after the tent leaves is also very important 
in getting results from tent evangelism. In 
the P'ing Ting territory this has not been 
as carefully looked after as in the Liao 
territory. This year there will be only one 
tent in the P'ing Ting territory, and the 
men who were in the other tent in 1926 will 
do follow-up in the districts where the tents 
were last year. 

This brings us to another very important 
phase of our program of evangelism. This 
is the conservation of the gains already 
made for the kingdom. This means the 
•shepherding of those who have already 
entered into the fellowship of the church. 
This phase of our work has been more or 
less neglected in the past, because the op- 
portunities for preaching the Word were 
so many and urgent. Nevertheless, this is 
a very vital mistake which will react un- 
favorably to our program of evangelism, if 
not corrected soon. The year 1926, I believe, 
registers a very decided emphasis upon this 
phase of our evangelistic program, and I 
am confident that the wisdom of this new 
emphasis will be more and more recognized 
if the good beginning is continued. This 
work must be done by the evangelists until 
the churches are organized and strong 
enough to invite for themselves pastors. At 
Liao Chou Bro. Oberholtzer has assigned 
the membership of the whole Liao territory 
to four evangelistic areas. Each of these 
areas has four or five preaching points, which 
are visited by traveling evangelists once a 
month. At P'ing Ting, Bro. Yin was ap- 
pointed to do pastoral work among the 
country churches of our district, throughout 
the year. Bro. Yin is especially fitted for 
this kind of work. He is at home with all 
classes of Christians. He reports that all 
the Christians were glad to see him wher- 

ever he went, and many times did not want 
him to leave, when it was necessary for him 
to move on to another place. About two- 
thirds of the P'ing Ting membership live 
in the country districts. Bro. Yin prepared 
some very simple model prayers, which he 
had printed as tracts. These were given to 
the members, who were asked to memorize 
them and use them every day, with the 
privilege of modifying them as they wished, 
as they became more efficient in their prayer 

At Shou Yang the evangelists made two 
every-member canvasses of their territory, 
giving the Christians encouragement, which 
was much needed and gladly received, be- 
cause of the anti-Christian movement which 
swept the county. Shou Yang also organized 
its workers for a program of winning the 
whole family to Christ. Christianity will 
never make much headway in China until 
whole families are won to Christ. In one 
district of the P'ing Ting territory there are 
some seventy Christians, and not one woman 
or girl among them. This is not a healthy 
condition, but is characteristic of our 
churches in China, where the women are 
so ignorant and superstitious and hardly ever 
get away from home. If a man accepts 
Christ himself, as a general rule he does 
not do very much to help the women mem- 
bers of his family to know him. In the 
work of shepherding during the year the 
young people and children have not been 
forgotten. Junior churches have been or- 
ganized at P'ing Ting, Liao Chou, and Shou 
Yang. These, along with well-organized 
Sunday-schools and kindergarten schools at 
all of these stations, foretell a bright future 
for our church. Bro. Leland Brubaker has 
also started a very splendid work among the 
high-school boys. He has organized some 
evangelistic bands among them. He finds 
them vitally interested in the work of the 
church. At T'ai Yuan Fu the pastor has 
very interesting Bible classes after church 
services on Sunday. Each week Mrs. Iken- 
berry has a knitting club meeting for the 
women and girls of their church, at which 
meeting the Chinese woman evangelist 
directs the conversation along lines of 
" What it means to be a Christian." This 
new emphasis on shepherding in our pro- 
gram of evangelism will mean much for the 
future of our work. 

From all the stations come words of ap- 


The Missionary Visitor 


preciation for the visit of Brethren Bonsack 
and Yoder. These two men, d'rect from the 
home church, along with their evangelistic 
messages, given with earnestness and con- 
viction, have done much to put new life 
into our program of evangelism. Their love 
for and loyalty to our church and its doc- 
trines, as well as their sympathetic attitude 
towards some of the problems which we 
run up against in trying to be loyal to the 
home church, in a country with such differ- 
ing customs and unchristian background, 
have been an encouragement to both Chi- 
nese Christians and missionaries. The breth- 
ren heartily approved our policy of organ- 
izing churches where the number of Chris- 
tians in a certain district made it advisable. 
They even urged that we begin to carry out 
this policy as soon as we could get organ- 
ized for it. Therefore, the elders have met 
and put on foot a program for carrying out 
the above policy. They are having parts of 
the Pastors' Manual, applicable to the Chi- 
nese, translated into the Chinese language. 
We have a few places where churches ought 
to be organized immediately. Where 
churches are organized and local members 
set aside by the laying on of hands, to look 
after the welfare of the church of which 
they are officers, we cannot help but think 
that they will take on new life. It may 
be that they will soon be able to look after 
the program of evangelism in their territory 
and release the evangelists for work in 
more needy districts. In the P'ing Ting 
and Liao Chou territories we have already 
begun to have baptism and commumon serv- 
ices out in the country districts, rather than 
have the people come to the central station 
for these services. The deputation attended 
one of these meetings, while they were 
visiting at Liao Chou, and were quite well 
' pleased with what they saw and felt. 

We are also very thankful for the general 
good health of all our evangelistic workers, 
both Chinese and foreign, throughout the 
year. There are between forty and fifty 
workers in this department. The majority 
of these are men. We have a few very 
splendid workers, both men and women, 
among our native evangelists. But w r e are 
sorry to say that the majority are not as 
well trained as they should be. They all do 
very well if closely supervised, but they 
have very little initiative or native ability. 
P'ing Ting evangelistic department has ap- 

pointed a committee to devise ways and 
means for helping these men and women to 
be more efficient, while we are training 
others who will take up the work in the 
future. The pastor at T'ai Yuan Fu has daily 
Bible study classes for all their evangelistic 
workers. P'ing T'ing had a " retreat " for 
all of its evangelistic workers in August. 
A policy for training pastor-evangelists for 
our future work is in the process of forma- 
tion, and we trust that our good friends 
in America will support this policy, for this 
need of trained leaders is one of the great- 
est of our program of evangelism. 

Evangelistic work among the women must 
be pushed more in the years to come than 
it has been in the past. We cannot expect 
to have Christian homes unless the mothers 
and daughters are won for Christ. It is 
hard to get and keep trained workers for 
this part of our evangelistic program. Prom- 
ising workers among the girl graduates of 
our schools are soon married and have fam- 
ilies, which makes it impossible to give full 
time to the work. Very few girls of mar- 
riageable age in China do not get married. 
The best workers for this phase of our work 
are women who have raised their families, 
but our church is still quite young and does 
not have very many of this kind of women. 
It will help much, though, if we can prepare 
the wives of the men evangelists, so that 
they can give part time to helping their hus- 
bands build up Christian homes in the com- 
munity in which they reside. As yet we do 
not have many of this kind of woman 
workers. The Shou Yang workers visited 
homes in about forty villages during the 
year. Their audiences ranged all the way 
from two or three women to whole court- 
yards full of them. One home they visited 
sent for the missionaries to come to their 
home again before leaving the village. 
There have been Bible schools for women 
at all of our stations except T'ai Yuan Fu, 
where Bible classes were held in the homes. 
The average enrollment in the P'ing Ting 
school was forty-five. Six of this number 
graduated in June. Two are helping in the 
evangelistic department this year. The stu- 
dents at the other stations were not so many 
as at P'ing Ting, where all the women 
working in the industrial department are 
supposed to attend the Bible School. Some 
women in the Bible School are given special 
training in kindergarten teaching as an aid 


The Missionary Visitor 


to them in training their children in the 
home. The Bible School for women is very 
difficult to keep going, because, as one mis- 
sionary said, " Everything in this part of 
China seems to be more important than a 
woman's schooling, so that the least little 
affair in the home is just reason to call her 
away from her studies." Great numbers of 
women and girls have been helped in the 
villages visited by the tents. China of the 
future will no doubt be better because of 
this year's evangelistic effort among the 
women of our district. 

In making this report we should not for- 
get to mention the contacts made and the 
witnessing done by our daily associat'ons 
with the people. After all, these opportu- 
nities and contacts are more valuable, per- 
haps, than all of our other activities. The 
reading and reception rooms also have filled 
a place in this program of evangelism. The 
itinerant evangelists also did a worthy work, 
we are sure, in the two or three hundred 
villages which they visited. 

After reading this far you are all inter- 
ested in just what gains have been made for 
the kingdom during the year. There were 
106 people baptized. Twenty-one of these 
were women. The membership of our China 
Church is over 1,000 now. Between 50,000 
and 100,000 people heard the Gospel message. 

The Educational Report 

B. M. Flory 

GOD be praised for the progress in our 
schools during the last year! Many 
difficulties have been encountered. 
Sometimes members of our staff have been 
subject to a degree of pessimism, but in 
general a spirit of optimism and rejoicing 
has prevailed. In the face of some anti- 
Christian opposition our mission schools 
have developed favorably in many respects. 
Anti-Christian demonstrations in our locality 
were especially noticeable at Show Yang, 
where an orgamzation was formed, posters 
put up in conspicuous places, and lectures 
given. But even at Show Yang the schools 
are growing in efficiency and interest. This 
criticism has increased the number of visi- 
tors at the schools. The department and 
the whole mission is thankful for this bless- 
ing of progress. We believe God is able 
to direct our work to his glory. 


Kindergarten classes were begun at Liao 
and Ping Ting several years ago. In 
December, 1926, a class was begun at Show 
Yang with twelve happy children in attend- 
ance. There are more than one hundred 
enrolled in the three stations. Pupils were 
graduated at Liao and Ping Ting in June. 
These children entered the regular first 
grade in the primary schools in September. 
The teacher at Ping Ting has had some 
special kindergarten training, but the other 
teachers have had no professional training. 
Therefore our work here may not compare 
favorably with kindergarten work at home, 
but the little children receive many benefits 
and blessings they could not receive if 
playing upon the streets. This phase of edu- 
cational work is inexpensive and most prom- 
ising. Religious and moral impressions 
made upon youth today will bear fruit for 
the church tomorrow. 

Primary Schools 

The purpose of an educational department 
in a mission program is to train honest, 
faithful, and competent Christian citizens 
for consecrated service in church, society, 
and government. To accomplish this aim 
requires religious instruction, both in cur- 
riculum and practice. All of the primary 
schools have regular Bible instruction. The 
aim is both to teach and to live the life 
of Jesus. The teaching of religion is one 
of the outstanding criticisms of mission 
schools. Our opposers aim to prohibit all 
religious meetings and propaganda and de- 
mand that the attendance at Bible classes be 
voluntary on the part of the pupil. We 
rejoice that we have been able to continue 
Bible instruction up to the present, and 
pray that there may be some satisfactory 
adjustment, that this instruction may be con- 
tinued in the future. 

Pleasing results of Bible study have been 
noticed at the Ping Ting girls' school. The 
Chinese generally are afraid of evil spirits. 
When the girls there were making a study 
of- Paul at Ephesus it was revealed how 
fearful they were of evil spirits. But as a 
result of careful Bible instruction the girls 
now declare, " We are no longer afraid of 
evil spirits." This is true evidence of the 
power of the Spirit in the lives of young 

The department is organized according to 


The Missionary Visitor 


Show Yang's First Kindergarten Class 

taken at Christmas, about three weeks after the opening of the kindergarten. The teacher is Miss 
Rung, a graduate from our own girls' school here. 

Quite a contrast to the Kindergarten Class, a group of kiddies who came in to see the 
comers " when we were out in the Pei Ho district. 

the 6-3-3 educational system. The first six 
years are divided into four years for lower 
primary and two years for higher primary. 
At Liao the first two, at Ping Ting the first 
three, and at Show Yang the first four 
grades are coeducational. The mission 

follows the government curriculum, using 
the standard textbooks, except that we add 
religious instruction. 

The mission is also diverting from the 
regular primary system in adding some 
industrial work. Bro. Vaniman and Bro. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Seese have both taught carpentry in their 
schools in the past. Ping Ting has also had 
some weaving. In 1926 an industrial de- 
partment was begun at Show Yang and has 
made great numbers of socks, woolen yarn, 
and ankle bands. 

The schools are coming to be well staffed 
with competent Christian teachers. The 
present teachers are almost all men or 
women from our local communities, having 
passed. through our own schools. Some also 
attended a neighboring Christian high 
school. With few exceptions, all the pri- 
mary teachers have finished junior high 
school, a large number senior high school, 
and a few have the junior college. To be 
able to staff the schools with this efficient 
local talent is one of the greatest advance- 
ments made in recent years in the depart- 
ment, a blessing to the schools and the 

The enrollment in the primary schools for 
the year was over 500. While the efficiency 
of the department has increased, the enroll- 
ment has decreased. This is caused by the 
general conditions in China. Anti-Christian 
and anti-foreign feeling has affected the en- 
rollment very little. It is the general nation- 
al situation that affects all schools. It is be- 
cause of war everywhere and high taxes to 
pay tor it. The governor has no time to en- 
force his compulsory school regulations. 
People are afraid to have their ch'ldren 
away from home because of the behavior 
of the soldiers. They are also taxed beyond 
their ability to pay, and are unable to sup- 
port their children in school. The war at 
Liao affected the enrollment there the first 
half year. Our present capacity in building 
and equipment will accommodate 1,000 
pupils. Four years ago there were more 
than 700 enrolled. If conditions again be- 
come settled and normal we should soon fill 
these schools again. 

Silent reading tests were give in all the 
schools last year. An arithmetic test was 
also given in the girls' school at Ping T'ng. 
These tests helped us to evaluate the grade 
of work being done. Although the general 
average was below normal, the grades can 
be considered ordinary, and a few were 
above the average. It is hoped that the 
church may be blessed with future leaders 
from this group. Among the causes given 
for the low average, many of the teachers 
have decided that it is partly their own 

fault, and that they must raise their stand- 
ards next year. This ambition and expres- 
sion has received special emphasis at Liao 
girls' school. 

High School 

The middle school work of the Brethren 
Mission was reorganized during 1926. The 
mission united "in one junior high school 
at Ping Ting Chow. It is coeducational and 
thus serves the girls as well as the boys. 

Bro. Seese; the principal, has reported that 
seventy-seven students enrolled in the mid- 
dle school during the fall term. The en- 
rollment was thus limited, not because of 
lack of applications, but because of lack of 
buildings and equipment. Also a rather 
careful selection was made so as not to get 
in undesirable students. The student body 
has been a high credit to our educational 
efforts. No cases of discipline were serious 
enough to be brought before the faculty. 
In grading for conduct 95% was considered 
the upper limit. No student received less 
than 70%, and only a small percentage less 
than 95%. Student conduct also was posi- 
tively good, as the average was well over 
the passing mark, and only a few failed in 
certain courses. 

The religious activities of the students 
were satisfactory in some respects. As there 
was no suitable person to teach Bible, no 
courses were offered in this subject. The 
Y. M. C. A. was organized soon after the 
opening of school. The principal suggested 
that extension work for the evangelistic 
department be undertaken. Four teams 
were organized and led by Bro. Brubaker, 
who gave talks and distributed scripture 
cards in the surrounding districts on Satur- 
day afternoons. Sunday-school, chapel, and 
church attendance was on the voluntary 
basis. Sunday-school and chapel attendance 
was small, but church attendance kept up 
well. All the regular members of the faculty 
are Christians. They took turns in leading 
chapel, and all the men preached at the 
church once and some oftener. It is a great 
survice to the student body and to the 
Christian cause to have a teaching staff of 
unquestionable character. 


More consecrated service on the part of 
many teachers is needed. Many Chinese 
layman are not unlike thousands of layman 
at home — they are inclined to leave the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Show Yang's First Beginners' Sunday School Class. 
Minneva Neher, Teacher. 

preaching of the Word to the ministers. 
Pray for this group of teachers, that they 
may grow in both desire and ability to wit- 
ness for Jesus. 

The teachers all need professional train- 
ing. An effort is being made to provide a 
measure of this training by conducting sum- 
mer normal schools for teachers in service. 
The high-school teachers will likely need 
leave of absence for additional study. 

If the Show Yang schools continue co- 
educational there will be need for dormi- 
tories for girls in the south compound near 
the large boys' school building. This will 
only require a few hundred dollars. The 
present prospect for coeducational schools 
is very good. 

More industrial work should be intro- 
duced. China is densely populated. Many 
are too poor to pay for their children in 
school. Many would attend if it were pos- 
sible for them to work and earn a part 

or all of the expenditure. Again, thousands 
have no hope of higher education. There is 
a general call for the teaching of a trade 
along with the knowledge of the funda- 
mental processes. We must train the hand 
as well as the mind and heart. One great 
hope for Chinese society is in industrial 

The high-school plant needs considerable 
attention. The plant and equipment are the 
least possible in order to carry on at all. 
The new rooms will be good when once 
finished. If communications open and mate- 
rials come they should soon be completed. 
The school needs shades for lights, better 
heating, a good science laboratory, a good 
general library, and a general enlargement 
of the plant. 

Women's Industrial Work, 
Ping Ting Hsien 

Marie Brubaker 

DURING the past year this department 
has given employment to about 
forty women. All of them have fam- 
ilies that they support or help to support 
in this way. Those who are able to leave 
their homes attend the Bible School for half 
a day, and in this way we hope not only to 
help them physically but spiritually, for we 
believe that no one can come in daily con- 
tact with God's Word and not be benefited 
spiritually. A number of the women are 
widows with small children, whom they are 
hoping to educate in our mission schools. 
We are helping a number of the children, 
so that it is possible for them to go to 
school now, for the work has not been plen- 
tiful enough during the year to allow the 
women to make much more than enough 
to live. 

Because of the unsettled conditions in 
China we have not always been able to get 
our materials from the coast, and this has 
hindered the work to some extent. When 
we were badly needing materials and could 
not get them, the women would earnestly 
pray that the roads might soon open, and 
how often in marvelous ways their prayers 
were answered ! They consider the whole 
thing as a special blessing that God has 
given them. Their trust in him to care for 
them would be good for us to imitate more. 

One of our women has been in the hospital 


The Missionary Visitor 



for almost three months. She has two 
running sores that heal so slowly, and her 
resistance is low. Her little girls have al- 
ready been taken to the homes of their 
future husbands, but she still has a little 
boy that she dreads to think of leaving. 
Yet she says she knows that whatever is 
best will come, for she is in God's hand. 
She is a widow, and if she dies she will 
leave her little boy without any family at 
all to care for him. She is able to stay in" 
the hospital only because of the help given 
her by this department. 

This is only one instance of the help we 
try to give the women when they are sick 
or are in trouble of any kind. Besides the 
assistance to the women we have taken 
care of the budgets for the women's work 
for all of the stations. 

This work is the one department in the 
mission that does not use funds from home, 
but rather cortributes to the work on the 
field. However, our biggest trade comes 
from America, so really it is foreign money, 
after all. Then it is necessary for a for- 
eigner to give time to the supervision of it 
here. We have an opening now to sell the 
work to a large store here in China, which 
we plan to do. It is not a truly indigenous 
work, but it is a start, and we hope the 
political disturbances will not become so 
troublesome as to force us to close ^down 

I also feel to ment : on those of our people 
who are taking their time and energy to 
sell the work at home. If it were not for 
them we could not continue, as we depend 
on our sales in America to keep the work 
going. May God bless all for their noble 
efforts in behalf of some of China's most 
needy women and children. 

Youth in Action in China 

E. L. Ikenberry 

THE year 1926 will go down in history 
as the beginning of China's second 
great revolution ! (May it be more 
successful than the first.) Youth has again 
played an important part. Dr. Sun upset 
the Ch'ing dynasty in 1911, largely through 
the power of youth, but alas, he listened to 
the older, wiser (?) politicians and resigned 
the presidency to give way to Yuan Shih 
Kai (an old conservative official), who soon 

killed the spirit of the new republic by his 
reactionary methods. The result has been 
a curse to China — more than a decade of 
senseless civil wars. 

The new generation, meanwhile, has seen 
the mistake and has voiced its protest in 
strikes, boycotts, great student demonstra- 
tions and days of special propaganda. When 
the Canton army launched its spectacular 
advance to the North it found its right- 
hand agency in youth. Thousands of stu- 
dents from the North and all over China 
hurried to join the army or the " propa- 
ganda squad " which goes ahead and is 
more powerful than the army, because it 
prepares the people so that they receive 
the southern victors with waving flags and 
gigantic demonstrations. Practically all of 
the youth of China have given their hearts 
to this second revolution, and they are 
determined that it shall not be abortive, as 
the first one proved to be, because the gov- 
ernment fell into the hands of the militarist 
and the scheming politicians. 

But youth is reckless and immature ; hence, 
one sees all shades of belief, from a deep 
red to pale pink! Naturally, at a time of 
intense national feeling, there is much anti- 
foreign, anti-imperialistic, anti-missionary, 
anti-church and anti-Western domination 
feeling, but, thank God, there is very little 
anti-Jesus or his teachings! There is a 
small " no-God " group, and there is a strong 
materialistic slant in the thinking of some 
sections, but one must say that the youth 
of China is sincere and wants to see the 
country saved from foreign aggression and 
internal ruin. Dr. Sun, with his three aims 
of government (of the people, by the people, 
and for the people, like our own Lincoln), 
is the ideal of the hour, and he was a 
Christian. The " leaven of Jesus " is work- 
ing silently, and much more than the youth 
of China are aware. 

Taiyuan, with ten thousand students, is 
verily a city of youth. It is in such a 
setting that we work, trying to bring some 
young men to the feet of Jesus to learn of 
him, and through them to give the " good 
news " to China. Bible classes, discussion 
groups, and friendly intercourse are the 
methods used. And if one counts on num- 
bers, the work is somewhat of a failure, 
for we are not popular these days. And 
there are reasons why. In discussing the 
subject, "What is the relation of Christian- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ity in China to the foreign powers?" a 
class of keen young men all said that they 
were sure that the general public in China 
thinks that the missionary has a secret rela- 
tion to his home government. We are, and 
always have been, under suspicion! Just 
now the position we hold is doubly hard; 
we have a heritage from the past that is 
difficult to live down. Since the Opium 
War the decades have seen a piling up of 
distrust of the Westerner, and not without 
cause. Now the church of Christ must suffer 
for it ! One student asked me, " Are not 
most presidents and prime ministers of 
Western powers Christians?" "Yes" (in 
name at least). " Then why have the 
Western powers been so unchristian in their 
dealings with China? " he asked. How could 
you answer that, dear reader, especially if 
you had been over here a few years and 
saw its full meaning! One often has to 
blush with shame ! Let me ask you, Is not 
a part of foreign missions that work done 
at home to make our own nation Christian 
in all its dealings with other nations? 

Statistics do not tell all the story in work 
among the youth. I have had two Bible 
classes, several discussion groups, two Eng- 
lish classes, and sponsor to an English club. 
These gave a chance to meet more than 
fifty young men in friendly, natural inter- 

Our Boys' Club at the church under Mr. 
Chang has had a very good year. More 
than thirty boys are " hanging around " 
much of the time, and that means a lot in 
China. They have classes in English, Bible, 
and hymn singing. An orchestra is to be 
started soon. They have a live Sunday- 
school as well. 

Youth are in action in China — action that 
will be far-reaching and will help to deter- 
mine the future direction of the Orient. 
Pray for them and for this vital work of 
the church in China. 

— > ♦ «.■.>♦..■. 

Report of China Medical Work, 

D. L. Homing, M. D. 

BY referring to the 1925 June Visitor, 
China Medical Report, you will find 
the following statement : " Hardly one 
in a hundred times do those attacking mis- 
sion work mention the hospitals as agents 

of foreign imperialism." Since that time, 
however, things have changed in many in- 
stances, where the Nationalist party has 
come into power. Avowedly, its one aim is 
abolishment of all unequal treaties, with all 
institutions established under them ; and 
since mission hospitals are foreign property, 
impossible demands are presented, seemingly 
to cause the foreigners to leave, so that 
their properties may be confiscated and 
completely controlled by this party. While 
it is the southerners at present who are 
actually doing these things, every loyal 
Chinese inwardly sympathizes, so that the 
future of our mission work, as far as prop- 
erties are concerned, hangs in the balance. 
However, the southern leaders, many of 
them professedly Christian, say, they are not 
anti-Christian, and will welcome the foreign 
missionary, as long as " He loves Jesus 
more than his country." 

With present conditions of unrest, fight- 
ings within and fightings without, our med- 
ical work this year has not grown mate- 
rially, the minds of the people being too 
much absorbed in their fears and sorrows, 
to pay much attention to bodily ailments. 
This was especially noticeable at Liao Chow, 
for as soon as the wounded soldiers and 
civilians were discharged, the number com- 
ing for treatment diminished. No one 
loafed on the job, however, as the time was 
well used in completing and equipping the 
hospital building, so that for the future all 
atttention may be given to strictly medical 
work. The Show Yang hospital, thanks to 
the ceaseless energy of Dr. Hsing, and the 
liberal contributions of the local people, has 
been put into excellent shape, and now 
lacks nothing except a little more room for 
woman patients and additional equipment. 
At Ping Ting Chow a campaign for raising 
funds for building a new ward for men is 
in progress, while at Liao Chow some of the 
funds promised for the X-Ray are still being 
collected. The X-Ray as yet has not been 

During the year there have been many 
changes in the staff. December, 1925, Dr. 
T. H. Wang of Liao Chow went to Peking 
Union Medical College for a six months' 
course in medicine and surgery. The mid- 
dle of April Dr. Wampler left for home on 
furlough, and Dr. T. H. Wang was recalled 
from Peking to assist Dr. Ch'ang with the 
Ping Ting medical work. Early in May Dr. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Coffman also returned on furlough. July 1 
Dr. C. C. Wang, just out of internship at 
Peking Union Medical College and Hospital, 
came to us, helping out wherever needed 
most, first at Liao,. then at Ping Ting, then 
at Show Yang, to relieve Dr. Hsing for a 
course at Peking Union Medical College, 
and finally back to Ping Ting, where we 
trust he is permanantly located. On Dr. T. 
H. Wang's return from a July vacation, 
he went back to Liao Chow, where he and 
Mrs. Pollock, R. N. took over the medical 
work, relieving Dr. Horning for supervision 
of the Ping Ting medical work until his 
furlough in the spring. 

There has been considerable illness among 
the staff during the year. Mrs. Jung, a 
graduate nurse at Liao, nearly died with a 
severe attack of angina pectoris, brought on 
from volunteer work in helping to care for 
the war patients. Gf Show Yang, Mr. 
Hsing Lan Chih contracted typhoid fever 
and for a time his life was despaired of, 
but through special prayer and careful treat- 
ment he gradually recovered. At Ping Ting 
Miss Baker contracted diphtheria, but, aside 
from a severe serum rash, made a rapid 
recovery. Although not on the hospital staff, 
three others of our number were on the 
diphtheria list — Bro. Heisey, Miss Dunning, 
and Mrs. Brubaker. Diphtheria and scarlet 
fever are ever present among the people at 
Shansi, and our workers as well as others 
can hardly hope to escape. 

The evangelistic side of our medical work 
is, as one of our hospital evangelists puts it, 
only a time for sowing, as few patients 
remain long enough to learn more than that 
there is one true God, and that he sent his 
Son Jesus into the world to declare himself 
unto men. They must be continuously 
taught that Jesus is not a Holy Man be- 
longing to the Westerners. They appreciate 
the fact that he is of the Eastern Continent, 
and that we missionaries and others have 
learned to know him, in like manner as we 
are trying to present him to them. 

On account of disturbed political condi- 
tions, building and changes in staff, itiner- 
ating has not been pushed, though at all 
our stations a little has been done and plans 
are being laid for a rather intensive ex- 
tension work, mainly along lines of preven- 
tion rather than cure, as preventable dis- 
eases and neglected motherhood take yearly 
a terrible toll of lives. 

At present our hospital at Ping Ting has 
our only training school for nurses. During 
the year five boys and two girls were ac- 
cepted into the school. A total of four left 
for various reasons. At present the total 
enrollment is nineteen, thirteen being boys 
and six girls. The latter part of the year 
the class periods were spent mainly in re- 
viewing for China Nurses' Association Ex- 
aminations, ten out of eleven taking them 
passing creditably, and that one failing in 
one minor subject only. One of the boys 
said he had prayed daily for a peaceful 
attitude of mind and heart, and promised 
God he would give the Lord's work $2 if 
he passed. His prayer was heard and he 
is keeping his pledge. All the nurses save 
one are Christians. 


(Continued from Page 185) 

of Wendall Flory (son of B. M. Flory), 

Moomaw, Leland C, and Sunday-schools 
of First and Southern Virginia, Elsie N. 
Shickel, India. 

Northern Virginia congregations, I. S. and 
Effie V. Long, India. 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, Dr. 
Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Edna R. 
Flory, China. 


Wenatchee Valley Missionary Society, 
Ada D. Hollenberg, China. 

West Virginia — 

Eglon congregation, Anna B. Mow, India. 
Sandy Creek congregation, Mary E. Cline, 

































|1908 | 50 | 15 | 3 | 18 | 14 | 1 | 


The Missionary Visitor 



Native Staff 


e Churc 
















Mission Stations 




















en eu 
(U o 




























s 3 


!h 3 












en .2 


3 1 





































$ 87.67 









120| 90 
....| 54 



78. CO 





I 31[ 1| 18| 12| 3[ 9| 69|....| 981| 540| 144| 3 1 244 1 $203.67 

* No report. Previous year's statistics substituted. 









. Sch'l 


& Mid. 


. Sch. 

Tea. Tr. 



eu ca 

Mission Stations 
































^ o 


™ 1 
o 1 





O O 1 -3 




L ~ - 







wiH ca ! O 








| 294 
| 252 




6]2161146| 70| 1 
2 200|132| 68 ... 




1 135 


3 125 104| 21 ... 




135 49 







Totals -| 6811 3| 82| 11|541|3821159| 1\ 7S\ 70\ 8| 1| 17| 17|....|....|....| 




Hospitals and 
























Mission Stations 


















































































Ping Ting 
T.iao Chou 
Shou Yang 
Tai Yuan . 

• I 21 
. 1 

1 2| 2| II... | 13| 6| 80 1 617| 401172|200| 6,620|2,000 

601 286| 3 
30 1321 10 

6 1 2,708 
941 2,558 


? |$ 7,347.4: 



, [ 3| Q| 3| 4| 3j 1[ 13| 6117011,035] 5312561300111,88614,2071 50|$13,659.64 

* Local receipts include $2,200 (Mex.) as gift from army for soldiers' work. 
t The Mexican dollar is worth approximately 50 cents. 

D. L. Horning. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Africa Mission 

Report for 1926 


W. M. Beahm 

IN summing up this year we are made 
to rejoice that out of a year of so 
little promise so much has come. The 
home-going of the Helsers and Bro. Kulp 
ushered in the year with a reduced staff 
and a minimum of experience. Our touring 
privileges in Bornu were withdrawn. Our 
application for a site in Bornu was defi- 
nitely refused. Our right of occupancy for 
the site at Garkidda was promised us, but 
was delayed well through the year. And 
three of our ,staff of eight left before the 
year was three-fourths gone. 

But the end of the year found us with a 
very promising school of regular attendants. 
Much work in medicine was done. Very 
obvious progress was made in making our 
wild bush compound look like the habita- 
tion of man. Building work is going on 
apace with the hope of two new stations 
to be opened in the immediate future. 
There is a staff of fifteen on the field, and 
over thirty boys coming out of darkness 
into the light. 

So we are hopeful for constant and sub- 
stantial progress as the home church con- 
tinues to support us so generously in intel- 
ligent interest, effective intercession, and 
open-handed gifts. 

The Medical Work 

W. M. Beahm 

OUR medical work continued to grow 
during the year. It has grown not 
only in the number of operations 
performed and treatments given, but also 
in those more invisible and valuable elements 
of public confidence and willingness to pay 
for service. 

It will be a long time, however, before 
they will call for our medical services in 
enough time to be of most help. It usually 
happens that they arrive at their wits' end 
and then ask us to come and not only do 
a good piece of medical work, but counter- 
act the mistakes of their ignorance. But 
as the acquaintance with the people widens, 

and we are in more constant touch with 
them, there is more and more willingness 
not only to bring folks in in time to be 
healed, but also to leave them with us long 
enough to finish things. 

There has been a start made in giving 
medicine in some more distant villages, and 
where possible medical-evangelistic tours 
have been begun. We have no greater hope 
of winning a welcome among prejudiced 
and opposing people than by this obvious 
ministry of healing. 

During the year much progress has been 
made in the training of a hospital assistant. 
Risku becomes more valuable every day, and 
has won great confidence among the native 
folk. He is valuable, not as a hospital as- 
sistant alone, but as a growing Christian 
and a gentleman. Will you continue to pray 
for him? 

There has been some dysentery and fever 
among our American workers, but none of 
abiding ill effects. We have been very sad 
over the illness of Junior Mallott and the 
necessity of his going to America. This has 
also taken from us the services of Mrs. 
Mallott, who accompanied him to the home- 
land. And the valuable daily witness of a 
Christian home is thus lost. It is our hope 
and prayer that he will recover thoroughly, 
and that it will be possible for the other 
children who have come to us to thrive in 
this climate. 

There was an interim of three and one- 
half months between the leaving of Dr. and 
Mrs. Burke and the coming of Dr. Gibbel, 
so the medical work of this year has been 
crowded into the remaining part of a year. 

We sincerely trust the home church will 
continue its generous and essential support 
of the medical work, for we continue to 
face — 

1. The need of good care of our American 
staff among a primitive folk and in a rigor- 
ous climate. 

2. The need of healing the sick and better- 
ing the health of the thousands of folk 
among whom we work. 

3. The urgent necessity of winning our 
privilege of bringing the sacred and im- 
perishable tidings to many who would be 
otherwise barred from its life. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Evangelistic Department 

F. E. Mallott 

THE evangelistic work includes all the 
work of the mission, in the sense 
that all is evangelistic in motive. 
The purpose of a Christian mission is to 
proclaim the evangel or good news and 
demonstrate what that good news does in 
the conduct and relationships of men. 

For convenience, however, we speak of 
evangelistic work as the direct teaching of 
the Scriptures and the preaching of the 
Word. This work during the past year has 
been carried on in evangelistic tours, in vil- 
lage preaching, and in station classes and 

In January and February an extended tour 
was made around Bulungwi, an important 
center of West Bura. In a cluster of vil- 
lages with a population of several thousand 
many heard the Gospel and heard of the 
mission. Because of a stricter enforcement 
of the government's Moslem policy we were 
deprived of touring privileges in West Bura 
by the complete closing of Bornu Province 
to mission work. That limited the territory 
of our work to the relatively small portion 
of the Bura tribe in Yola (now called 
Adamawa) Province. 

Garkidda is in the northern part of our 
permitted territory. In March a tour was 
made to visit the villages of the southern 
part of our territory. From March 13 to 
18 eleven villages and hamlets were visited 
and meetings held. 

The villages in the northern end of our 
territory, about eight (some villages are 
scattered and so may count as more than 
one), had services throughout the year. In 
some meetings were held frequently. Sick- 
ness and the reduction of the number of the 
staff did not permit regular services to be 
maintained in all the villages. 

Activities centering in Garkidda station 
were such as demanded a great portion of 
the year's time and energy and have caused 
much thought and prayer. For the past 
year may truly be said to have been epochal 
in the history of the mission. In 1926 pro- 
fession of faith in Christ was made by some 
of our schoolboys and young men associated 
with the mission. 

This event came in such a manner that 
we felt it was the Holy Spirit's work and 
the beginning of the harvest of souls. The 

first manifestation was in February when, 
in answer to an invitation, twelve came for- 
ward asking to " enter the kingdom of God." 
At the close of the year we find that there 
have been confessions in each quarter of 
the year. A total of thirty-one have made 
public profession and received the name 

Be it noted, however, that this has ad- 
mitted no one to church membership, and 
none of the thirty-one have yet been bap- 
tized. Our mission has adopted a plan which 
provides for a public declaration of faith and 
renunciation of sin by each one. The con- 
fessant is told that he is now entitled to 
call himself a Christian. This is advisable 
in a land where Moslem teachers are at 
work and Mohammedanism is in danger of 

But the Christian is in fact an applicant 
for bapt'sm and admission to the church, 
although already pledged to a clean life. He 
is immediately enrolled in a class for teach- 
ing preparatory for baptism. The mission sets 
no time limit to the instruction to be given. 
The candidate must stay in the instruction 
class until sufficiently matured in character 
and biblical knowledge to warrant his 
baptism. Of the thirty-one who have made 
a profession as Christians, almost all show 
a commendable growth in character and 

It is a tremendous task to raise up a 
church in an entirely heathen environment 
among a primitive people. The whole idea 
of the church has to be imparted, and even 
the simplest facts of biblical teaching must 
be iterated and reiterated. The missionary 
is reminded of an old missionary's words, 
" My little children, of whom I am again 
in travail until Christ be formed in you " 
(Gal. 4: 19). 

On Sunday evenings our Christian boys 
and those who wish to join them have their 
own meeting, to which no missionary goes. 
We believe that Christ is being formed in 
their hearts, and that the future Bura church 
is now present with us in an unformed but 
living state. 

We were encouraged when, before Christ- 
mas, our mud hall, which serves as both 
school and churchhouse, was remodeled. 
The occasion was used to teach the boys 
concerning the house of God and to en- 
courage them to love it. The boys re- 


The Missionary Visitor 



sponded with enthusiasm. Labor was do- 
nated and our boys voted to empty the 
Sunday offering box, and thus gave four 
pounds six shillings and three pence (£4 6s. 
3d.), or about half the expense of remodel- 

On Christmas day a program, rendered 
almost entirely by the Christians, was given 
to a large audience and our hall was rededi- 
cated especially to its use as a churchhouse. 
It was the most impressive and intelligible 
Christmas yet held in Garkidda. The birth 
of Christ and its significance were presented 
and the native Christians of Garkidda ex- 
perienced a glow of pride and joy in his 

The greater part of the year the following 
Bible classes and meetings were held weekly. 
These services were held or classes taught 
by the whites : 

Church service and S. S. on Sunday 

Day school Bible classes (from two to 
four classes daily). 

Pre-baptismal classes (four evenings, per 

Laborers' meeting (each noon when labor 
was employed anywhere on mission land). 

The harvest has begun, but there is urgent 
call for prayer to the Lord of the harvest, 
for much yet remains to be done. 

Places having regular services 4 

Under Christian instructions 31 

Sunday-schools 1 

Teachers 2 

Pupils 50 

Contributions for church work $20.95 

Language Department 

F. E. Mallott 

THERE are two phases of the language 
work of an Africa mission. One is 
the acquisition of the native lan- 
guage by the missionaries, and the second is 
the preparation and printing of a literature 
in that language. 

The year 1926 was one of steady progress 
in learning. The beginning of the year 
found eight missionaries on the field, six of 
whom were but one year old in the lan- 
guage. As the workers carried on school, 
services, and other work of the mission the 
language handicap grew gradually less. 
During the year two books, the result of 

former years' work, were issued from the 
press. These additions to our literature 
were the Bura Second Reader and a Life of 
Christ. Both books were printed in edi- 
tions of 500 copies. The arrival of these 
books was hailed with joy by our group 
of schoolboys who can read, and whose big 
need now is for something to read. 

During the year the government issued its 
second book in its series of readers. The 
government books differ from the mission 
books in not being of a religious type, but 
they are most useful as supplementary 

During the year a number of new songs 
were written and a small hymn book was 

The arrival of the new recruits for 1927, 
toward the close of the year, found a re- 
newal of the first phase of our language 
work— the study of the Bura tongue by the 

Educational Work 

Lucile Heckman 

EACH man and woman who goes to 
the mission field is dedicated to the 
cause of leading men and women to 
Christ. Not all can fulfill this mission in 
the same way; neither can all peoples be 
led to him in the same way. And so it is 
for each of us to take the talents God has 
given us and use them for him. No doubt 
some good Christians in the homeland think 
that mission work consists of preaching 
alone, but it is not true. Christ was Teacher 
as well as Preacher. 

In our school, as in no other phase of 
mission work, we have placed in our hands, 
for a length of time, the most plastic mate- 
rial in the world — the lives of children. 
Teaching the three R's is a minor part of 
our program. There is immeasurable joy in 
watching the development of the boys as 
we try to give them what approaches to 
Christian " home " influence. 

For the first quarter of the year our en- 
rollment was 22, with an average attendance 
of 15 ; the second quarter an enrollment of 
23 and an average of 16. The low averages 
were due to the fact that we had no means 
of requiring regular attendance on the part 
of the village boys. During the third quar- 
ter we had two months' vacation during 

J™ 7 e The Missionary Visitor 201 

the farming season. School opened Aug. 30, hour was given each clay to teaching the 
and the close of the quarter found us with varying number of Bura boys and young 
an enrollment of 50 and an average of 48. men some things that all of them knew 
All of our mission work in Africa is yet something about, but at which no one of 
in the experimental stage, and this marked them was adept. The work began with rope 
improvement in attendance is the result of making. Since all the houses for mission- 
an experiment. It would be comparatively aries, as well as the native houses, are tied 
easy to keep children in school if their par- together with rope, it is a fundamental task 
ents cooperated rather than hindered. In to make rope, and make it well, 
order to secure the consent of the parents There are six or eight kinds of materials 
to allow their boys to stay away from home commonly used by the Bura people, includ- 
duties more than a few days at a time we i ng a bout three kinds of grass and four or 
provided employment for them in the morn- fi ve kinds of bark. The grass most com- 
ing hours. Further to insure a fairly long mon ly used is called " him," and is a strong, 
school year for them we withheld one third narrow-bladed grass, which, when braided. 
of their small pittance each week. This they ma kes a strong rope. It grows in patches 
will receive at the end of the term— the be- an( j j s easily obtained. The best bark is 
ginning of next farming season. Any boy obtained from the " kwogu " tree, or raon- 
who leaves school before that time loses key-bread tree, or in still other terms, the 
this money. Fortunately we started school baobab tree. It was the bark of this tree 
early, so that they had a considerable num- t na i: we first tried. 

ber of pennies to reckon with by corn- A a1 « , r ., •, • 

\ . J As the bark comes from the tree it is 

cutting time. During the fourth quarter a ., , ,. , ,. , , 

, & . . 6 ,_ T _ H , quite wet and slipperv and cant be used 

number of boys from West Bura came for , , ., , . , • ., 

___ , , to best advantage until dried in the sun. 

school. We had not expected to start a A ,. ., , , • 

. . f After a thorough drying a portion was given 

new class at that time, but because these , u r *i 1 

, , ' . to each boy to prepare for the rope mak- 

boys had come to us from territory we • tti-iu-- a •• A u 

J f ing. Each took his piece and whipped it 

were not allowed to enter, we were g ad to , . . •. ..» .. i 

, & around a post, or beat it with a stick, or 

adapt our schedule to a new group of . i ■. • r \ • *. A u jzu 

. . _, . ,, . . treated it in any fashion to tear the fibers 

primaries. I hey are an especiallv promising . ■,,,•, .,. , , • ,- 

^ . , , r « r . apart. When this was done to his satis- 

group. At the close of the fourth quarter r .- i A i i-rc . j 

, r . „ . ,_ . , faction, and there were many different de- 

and of the year our enrollment is 60, with an f .. £ ,. xl _ . t , • 

J ' grees of satisfaction, the actual rope making 

g . started. A number of fibers were taken to- 

Our curriculum, too, has been growing. , u • A -rr . . j a n A 

__. ' \ & ^ 6 gether in two different strands and rolled 

We are now teaching, besides the three R's, , , ,., , , , , »• ,. 

_,.,,.. & ' _ , ' between the hand and leg in one direction, 

Bible, history, geography, English and com- i v, , , , r ■,• ,. ,., 

. J l 6 6 * . ' , , . and with a sudden reversal of direction the 

position, hygiene, sewing and other native , • , . , .|_ urt , 

f , . ' & strands were twisted together. With care 

industries. , .. , , , .. , r- £ 

_ , . and attention a boy could easily make fif- 

Ferhaps our greatest regret is that we , { . f r ., • , 

, K , , , 6 , teen feet of one-fourth inch rope in an 

have not been able to teach girls as well v ■ „• rr± r r lL L ^ ^ 

_, , , , . hours time; fifteen feet of rope, that would 

as boys. But that problem brings us to , , . . •■ . A i , , 

</S ^_ to be strong enough to tie goats or doubled 

our plans for 1927. , .. , . 4 . . . . .. , 

„, , to tie a horse, but which was actually used 

Elementary schools 1 . . . . t ,, .. , £ 

„ , , . in tying together the timbers of our new 

total under instruction 66 u -,i- . . • , u ,« , , 

_ . t M „ buildings and tying on the grass thatch. 

Total pupils 66 

g Q z-z- It is not our immediate ambition to teach 

Educational fees ..............!!!!!. !!$21.33 these boys a host of new things ' but to 

mihmittm teach them how to do well the numerous 

things of which they already know the fun- 

IndllStrial and Building Work at damentals. Many Bura parents say that 

Oarkldda when their boys come to work for the white 

man, or come to his school, they forget all 

Clarence C. Heckman ,1 • << -n t-> >> j 1 

things Bura-Bura and want to learn 

ON Aug. 30, 1926, the first real industrial white man's ways. That is not what we 

work was started at Garkidda in want to teach them. We want them to know 

connection with the school work. An better methods of doing things " Bura- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bura." After several weeks of rope mak- 
ing, a contest was inaugurated to determine 
how far the boys had advanced. The group 
was divided into two sections, according to 
specimens of rope made on the day of 
division. The contest lasted one week. The 
judges consisted of seven boys, who are in 
a sewing class and who knew- nothing of 
the contest before the day appointed for 
the selection. These boys chose what they 
considered to be the best piece of rope in 
each group. Each one selected was very 
nearly a perfect production. It was difficult 
to tell it from some of the rope made by 
machinery in the States. Each winner was 
given a small gift of a leather money bag. 

After the period of rope making came 
seasons of basket and mat making from 
the leaves of the palm trees, which are 
abundant in this section. The baskets are 
used for carrying farm products and the 
mats for sleeping. Then we had another 
period for rope making, using three and four 
strands and making of knots and loops, so 
that the rope might be used for tying 

A number of the boys chosen from the 
mat-making group were given the task of 
making a native bed. These are commonly 
formed from cornstalks, or heavy grass, or 
a kind of woody reed. They are built up 
in the manner of an old-fashioned corn crib 
built from rails. They are quite a service- 
able cot, and even the whites find them use- 
ful for taking a nap in a shady corner of 
the veranda. 

Shortly after school started the seven 
older boys of the mission who have been 
in school longest, or who showed unusual 
ability, were formed into a class for sewing, 
with Mrs. Beahm as instructor. Simple 
articles of clothing, as shirts and trousers, 
were made. This is a decided step towards 
helping these people, for in a Bura house- 
hold it is only the older men who do the 
sewing for the family. These boys did 
remarkable work after a few weeks' train- 

The industrial phase of missionary work 
has a big field. There are so many ways 
in which these simple people can be helped 
and are willing to accept help if it is 
offered. We long for the time when we will 
have workers who can spend full time along 
industrial lines. At present the building 

program is so heavy that only a small 
amount of time can be taken for this work. 
In fact, after the building program started 
at the beginning of the dry season, the hour 
for industrial work in the school was turned 
over to Mr. Beahm, as the building work 
took all the time of the builder. 

On Oct. 4 the first mud was made and laid 
for a group of industrial buildings. The 
group consists of three buildings, each fif- 
teen by fifty feet. They stand in the shape 
of a U, with the open side to the front. 
The building at the back comprises a shop 
where practically all the missionary's furni- 
ture originates. The building on the right, 
as you face the group, is intended for weav- 
ing and sewing classes, with a small store in 
the 'rear. The building to the left is for 
mat and rope making and similar purposes, 
with half fitted up as a boys' shop, where 
simple carpentering will be taught. At the 
rear of the main shop a shed is connected 
to the roof, to be used as a storeroom for 

At the time of writing, the building season 
is about finished and some other work can 
be started in connection with the industrial 
work. The two English looms have arrived, 
but nothing has been done more than to 
unpack them. Soon we will have the tools 
for the boys' shop. At the beginning of the 
rains farming will start among the boys. 

The other buildings that have been car- 
ried forward this season are two dwellings 
for missionaries, with the necessary attend- 
ant smaller buildings, consisting of a kitchen, 
a boys' house, a store, and a toilet. With 
the coming of two other stations into our 
mission program, other dwellings will be 
provided, either by constructing them this 
season or by putting up a temporary house 
for the coming wet season, and building 
permanently the next dry season. 

Some of the new folks who came at the 
beginning of 1927 have a little knowledge 
of industrial work. We especially welcome 
them, as we do also welcome those who 
have interests in other channels of the work. 
But we need more folks who can and will 
spend full time in the industrial work, who 
have had specific training in this line, and 
who are willing to make any necessary 
sacrifice to help these simple people to learn 
more of Christ through the medium of bet- 
ter homes, better clothing, and higher ideals. 



The Missionary Visitor 


The Scandinavia Mission 

Report for Year 1926 

J. F. Graybill 

IN the Malmo church the Sunday-school 
work has been encouraging in attend- 
ance and interest. The Juniors meet 
once a week for industrial work, and on 
Sunday afternoon in a religious service, in 
which the children take an active part on 
the program. 

The Young People's Society meets every 
Sunday evening in public worship, at which 
time the pastor, or some one assigned, gives 
the principal address and the young people 
fill in on the program. Occasional programs 
of a missionary, literary, or musical nature 
are rendered. They meet every other week 
for Aid Society work. This organization 
does considerable charity work among the 
poor of the city at Christmas, by clothing 
children and serving a dinner to some sev- 
enty aged poor. 

We continue with our midweek testimonial 
meetings, which at times are quite spirited 
and edifying. Of course the spirit does not 
always move the same. We have occasional 
cottage prayer meetings and the public wor- 
ship on Sunday morning. The attendance 
is not always what we desire. The pastor's 
• time is too much divided with field work 
and the effort in Denmark. This does not 
work for the best. A new feature of our ac- 
tivities was a family gathering in November, 
which proved to be an entire success. Death 
made no claims in our ranks during 1926. 
Two were baptized and one restored to 

Brother and Sister D. O. Cottrell's visit 
in October was an inspiration to us and the 
work. Their time was all too short. We 
should have had them with us longer. We 
were glad for the sermon Bro. Cottrell gave 

In the Kjavlinge mission there are Sunday- 
school and preaching every Sunday, a mid- 
week meeting and two outposts for preach- 
ing every other Sunday. Here two mem- 
bers have entered the fold during the past 
year. Some charity work has been done 
among the poor fishermen's children. Other- 
wise the work is not encouraging at this 

In the Vannaberga church there is Sun- 
day-school and Young People's work in 
addition to the regular preaching on Sunday, 
a midweek service and a few outpost places 
for preaching in the Tingsryd section. At 
the home base they have preaching once 
a week and an active Aid Society. The 
membership is much scattered. They do 
some charity work among the poor of the 
community. They had no accessions during 
the past year. 

The members of the Simrishamn church 
cooperate with the Baptist church, in whose 
hall we have our services once a month, in 
Sunday-school and church work. Here we 
have some splendid members, but the future 
for our church at this place is not promising. 

The Olserod church had a revival during 
1926. A little over a year ago a young peo- 
ple's organization was effected at an out- 
post of this church. This resulted in ten 
of the number uniting with the church the 
middle of the year. There were fourteen 
baptized. Two were baptized lately and sev- 
eral are awaiting the rite. We have lately 
received reports of conversions. A new and 
promising outpost has been opened since 
the first of this year. The work demands 
larger quarters and a new mission house, 
more centrally located, is in erection. Of 
the work here it can be said, "They have a 
mind to work." They have a little Sunday- 
school, a live-wire Young People's Society 
and an Aid Society. The future looks bright 
and encouraging at this place. 

Our District Meeting, held in Malmo 
March 25-27, was one of the best and most 
interesting we have witnessed in Sweden. 
The representation was good and a splendid 
spirit pervaded the meetings. Only ques- 
tions of vital interest were raised. A better 
and more aggressive Church of the Breth- 
ren in Sweden seems to be the desire of 
all. May this also be the result. The young 
evangelist in preparation has been assisting 
in the work at Olserod, and has been in- 
vited to return. The evangelistic fund is 
growing slowly. Mission offerings have de- 
creased, owing to much unemployment. The 
Young People's District Organization is 
starting nicely and is encouraging. Steps 
have been taken to make our monthly, 


The Missionary Visitor 

J unt 


Evangelii Budbarare (Gospel Messenger), 
better by associated help. We must seek 
to plan for the best and then best work 
the plan. We need wisdom, guidance and 
strength. To this end we . solicit your 

Malmo, Sweden, April 6, 1927. 

J. F. Graybill 

WE have given as much time as our 
work in Sweden allowed to the 
work in Denmark during 1926. We 
made two trips, one in May, accompanied 
by Sister Graybill, during which time we 
visited in all the members' homes with a 
few exceptions, and one in the last of 
October and first of November, during 
which time we held a series of meetings 
at the Thy church. Six weeks were given 
to the work on the field. We have edited a 
little monthly for the Danish church, which 
is greatly appreciated. The request is to 
have it larger. This works good as a uni- 
fying medium. 

On our first trip, in May, we had the joy 
of receiving three into church fellowship 
by baptism, and in connection with the Dis- 
trict Meeting celebrated the fiftieth anni- 
versary of the church in Denmark. This 
was a glorious occasion. We were sorry 
that none of the aged veterans of the church 
could be present on account of bodily weak- 

Eld. C. Hansen of the Wendsyssel church 
is growing quite feeble, and is not able 
to do any active work in the church. 
The members, who can, assemble once a 
month in his home and they have a service 
together. A minister of the Thy church 
has assisted them in several series of meet- 
ings. This was greatly appreciated. Here 
there are six or seven young members. The 
others are all aged. They have asked for 
more help, and they need it, but how to 
supply the need under the present circum- 
stances is not so easily solved. 

In the Thy church there is material in the 
rough, but no one to lead them or develop 
the material. They have a live-wire Sun- 
day-school and Junior Society. The young 
people's work has been lagging. But they 
are making efforts to revive the same. Eld. 
M. Johansen gives as much of his time to 

the church as his secular work allows and 
affords, but he lives isolated from the work 
and can not associate with the members 
as is required. His age also is against him. 
Methods of work have changed so that it 
is hard for him to follow the change. 

In the Thy church there was one death, a 
brother 86 years of age. He was one of the 
first members of this church and a deacon 
for many years. He was a good pillar in 
the church. The past three years he had 
suffered from paralysis. 

This church is quite a problem as the 
matter now stands. That it needs some 
help is quite evident, but how to supply this 
need is the present problem. Will you pray 
for this church, that the Lord may in some 
way supply the need and provide the vessel 
required to foster and build up the work 
in this part of the Lord's vineyard? 

Since the beginning of this year death has 
claimed our aged Bro. Eskildsen of the 
Wendsyssel church. He was a very faith- 
ful brother and minister in the church. His 
heart was in the work and he spared not 
himself in doing his best, as long as he had 
strength, for his Master and the faith that 
was dear to him. He was 86 years old, and 
to the last he was interested in the future 
of our work in Denmark. When we visited 
him in November he asked a number of 
times if there could not be something done 
for the building up of the work. It was 
no easy matter to see a once flourishing 
work abandoned. His prayers were for 
the building up of the ruins. Shall they be 
answered? We have a great part in the 
answering of the same. Pray the Lord of 
the harvest to send laborers into his harvest. 
Malmo, Sweden, April 6, 1927. 



Anetta C. Mow 
On March 1 the brother of the Baroda State king 
visited the Vyara Mission boarding-schools. Being 
a man of wide experience, the good things which 
he said about our work were received as real com- 
pliments. He praised our girls highly for the capa- 
ble way they had entered into the public program 
given in the town school earlier in the day. 

Misses Anetta Mow and Sadie Miller took a day 
off to go to Baroda, the capital of Baroda State, to 
visit the government Training College for Women. 
It was a profitable trip, for many things truly 
worth-while were seen and heard. The principal in 

(Continued on Page 224) 



The Missionary Visitor 







Kjrivlinge .. 


Total .... 

1| 3|319 
1 2 169 
2| 1|201 
.. ... 87 
.. ... 14 

| 5| 4| 6|790|135| 91 1 90 1 60|1,121| 11| 6| 4| 18| 


Missionaries' supports, 3 Kr. 6,154.48 

Native workers, 6 11,720.00 

Traveling expenses for missionaries and native workers 1,621.80 


Property expenses 



Kr. 3.73 equal $1. 

Kr. 21,750.50 
J. F. Graybill, Tieasurcr. 


Traveling expenses for native workers Kr. 462.30 

Property expenses 576.52 

Publication 238.50 

Kr. 1,277.32 
J. F. Graybill, Treasurer. 























■S .2 















| 1| 1| 3| 32| — | II... HI 

| 2| 0| 0| 19| 53| 0| 15 62 1 

1| 2 II 46 $29.55 
. | 1 ... I 20 



| 3\ 1| 3| 51 1 S3 1 1| 15] 73 1 7\ 1| 3\ 1| 66|$29.55;$82.0')|$615.77 

206 The Missionary Visitor J" ne 


of the General Mission Board of the Church of the Brethren 
For the Year Ended February 28, 1927 

Mission Income and Expense 

Income — 

World Wide- 
Contributions reported in Visitor $96,368.63 

Conference Budget— 1926 (Schedule 14) .... 15,362.43 

Net from investments (Schedule 19) 57,831.20 

Mission Building and Contingent Reserve 

(Schedule 18) 20,000.00 $ 189,562.26 

India Mission (Schedule 1) 45,846.40 

China Mission (Schedule 2) 45,081.84 

Sweden Mission (Schedule 3) 1,220.16 

Africa Mission (Schedule 5) 28,709.29 

Home Missions (Schedule 6) 4,760.45 

Memo — 

From living donors 236,312.66 

From other sources 78,867.74 

Total Mission Income $ 315,180.40 

Deficit, February 28, 1927— 

World-Wide Missions 61,955.44 

Less balances — 

India funds (Schedule 1) 34,109.78 

China funds (Schedule 2) 2,945.70 

Africa funds (Schedule 5) 14,586.22 

Denmark funds (Schedule 4) 1,429.13 53,070.83 8,884.61 

$ 324,065.01 

Deficit February 27, 1926— 

World-Wide Missions $ 49,921.87 

Less nnlnncp^ 

India funds (Schedule 1) $32,067.53 

China funds (Schedule 2) 2,945.70 

Africa funds (Schedule 5) 3,363.33 

Denmark funds (Schedule 4) 1,429.13 39,805.69 $ 10,116.18 

Expense — 

Administration (Schedule 7) 12,159.58 

Missionary Education (Schedule 8) 15,836.31 

India Mission (Schedule 1) 159,558.68 

China Mission (Schedule 2) 69,406.03 

Sweden Mission (Schedule 3) 6,090.05 

Denmark Mission (Schedule 4) 203.05 

Africa Mission (Schedule 5) 17,486.40 

Home Missions (Schedule 6) 33,208.73 

Total Mission Expense 313,948.83 

$ 324,065.01 

J™* The Missionary Visitor 207 

Balance Sheet 

as at February 28, 1927 

Cash — Assets 

Cash in office $ 300.00 

Cash in bank 11,354.01 $ 11,654.01 

Commercial Notes — short term 

Accounts Receivable — 

Missionary Supports deficit (Schedule 20) 

Foreign bills paid and advances 

Income Special 

Gish Testament Fund deficit (Schedule 14) 

Advances to Field Treasurers (Schedule 21) 

Total current resources 

General Securities — 

Church Extension Bills Receivable (Schedule 16) 
Contingent Investments Receivable 

Investments for Endowments and Annuities — 

First Mortgage Farm Loans 

City Real Estate Bonds 

Public Utility Bonds 

Railroad Bonds 

Brethren Publishing House 

Advances on Real Estate 

Mission Deficit — 

Overexpended mission funds 


Notes Payable (Schedule 23) 

Transmission Certificates (Schedule 22) 

Specific Funds — unexpended balances — 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief (Schedule 13) 
Miscellaneous Funds (Schedule 14) 

Total current liabilities 53,842.57 

Reserve Funds — 

Mission Building and Contingent Fund (Sched- 
ule 18) 56,224.44 

Reserve for Mission Advances 61,472.08 117,696.52 













$ 633.90 

$ 4,493.60 



Special Funds — 

Church Extension Fund (Schedule 15) 36,085.04 

Contingent Agreements (Schedule 17) 79,408.53 115,493.57 

Endowment and Annuity Funds — 

Mission endowment balances (Schedule 9) 527,428.84 

Miscellaneous endowment balances (Schedule 10) 110.194.58 

Endowment annuity bonds (Schedule 11) 673,889.61 

Mission annuity bonds (Schedule 12) 318,263.50 1,629,776.53 



The Missionary Visitor 



1. India Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1926— 

Rhodes Memorial 
Fund $ 5,300.00 

Quinter Memorial 
Hospital 6,571.91 

India School Dormi- 
tory Fund , 2,375.00 

India Village Church 

Fund 950.00 

Anklesvar Church 

Fund 3,597.40 

Ross Auto Fund .. 1,500.00 

D a h a n u Hospital 
Bldg. Fund 11,773.22 $32,067.53 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported 
in " Visitor " — 

Student F. F.— 
1926-27. .........$ 214.62 

Foreign Missions 
(J) 1,557.70 

India general do- 
nations 4,640.10 

India Native Work- 
er 890.42 

India Boarding 
School 1,988.97 

India Share Plan 4,402.47 

Dahanu Hospital 
Building 1,329.20 

Quinter Memorial 
Hospital 97.00 

Anklesvar Church 

House Fund ... 341.05 

India Hospitals .. 114.41 

India Widows' 
Home 7.00 

Vyara Church 
Bldg. Fund .... 54.00 15,636.94 

Missionary Supports 

(Schedule 20) .... 29,313.92 
Endowment income 
(Schedule 19) .. 
India general en- 
dowment 447.54 

Rohrer Memorial 60.00 

Rhodes Memorial 318.00 825.54 

Bequests (Schedule 
24) 70.00 

Total receipts .... 45,846.40 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance 115,754.53 


Expenditures — 
American Mission- 
aries — 

Supports $36,551.20 

Medical expenses . 181.96 

Furlough rents ... 883.00 

Sending to field .. 2,528.56 

Doctors' literature . 150.00 
National Christian 

Council of India . 251.78 
To Annual Confer- 
ence 78.52 

Income taxes 97.49 

Publications to field 48.91 

Unclassified expense 206.42 

Total expenses di- 
rected from home 
office $ 40,977.84 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field Oper- 

Ahwa — 
Boys' Board. School $ 1,096.22 

Evangelistic 2,576.82 

Girl 5' Board. School 857.95 

Medical 130.37 

Property Expense . 493.48 

Women's work ... 132.73 5,287.57 

Anklesvar — 

Evangelistic 3,279.17 

Girls' Board. School 4,916.29 

Industrial 62.49 

Property Expense . 885.00 

Training School ... 196.69 
Vocational Training 

School 4,430.89 

Women's work .... 468.61 

Less farm income . 126.21 14,112.93 


Boys' Board. School 2,674.76 
Wankal Boys' Board. 

School 2,791.03 

Evangelistic 2,913.51 

Industrial School . 808.92 

Medical 2,420.79 

Property Expense . 994.09 

Women's work .... 33.45 12,636.55 

Dahanu — 

Evangelistic 1,451.48 

Girls' Board. School 1,662.63 

Medical 676.47 

Property Expense . 465.28 

Women's work .... 262.73 4,518.59 

Jalalpor — 

Evangelistic 3,933. 16 

Girls' Board. School 1,999.80 

Property Expense . 414.64 

Women's work .... .462.16 6,809.76 

Palghar — 

Boys' Board. School 3,598.73 

Evangelistic 777.51 

Industrial School .. 137.79 

Property Expense . 122.91 

Women's work 18.58 4,655.52 

Umalla — 

Boys' Board. School 3,335.00 

Evangelistic 2,061.80 

Industrial School . . 35.00 

Medical 63.21 

Property Expense .. 698.15 

Women's work .... 589.53 6,782.69 


Boys' Board. School 394.30 

Evangelistic 1,614.33 

Girls' Board. School 691.38 

Property Expense . 377.77 

Women's work .... 292.23 3,370.01 

Vyara — 

Boys' Board. School 4,197.08 

Evangelistic 3,976.31 

Girls' Board. School 2,641.65 

Industrial School .. 388.51 

Property Expense . . 535.00 

Women's work .... 590.92 12,329.47 

General — 

Administration of- 
fices 641.23 

Baby Home 1,097.48 

Bible School 1,161.85 

Furlough 7,084.87 

Landour Property 

Expense 149.91 

Language School . . 669.57 

Medical 478.85 

Miss'y. children — ■ 

rent and travel . . 487.88 

Publishing 499.49 

Social Welfare .... 90.40 

Training School .... 173.95 

Vacation 1,686.50 

Widows' Home .... 357,53 14,579.51 

Total Annual Budget 



The Missionary Visitor 


New Property (new 

land, buildings and 


Toilets 77.64 

Well 753.33 

Workers' Quarters . 760.02 1,591.00 

Anklesvar — 

Mec. & Agri. Equip- 
ment 966.67 

Manual Arts Bldg. 8,450.26 

Vocational School 
Hostel 2,000.00 11,416.93 

Bulsar — 

Land and grading .. 414.56 

Well 170.00 

Workers' Quarters . 165.00 

Workers' Quarters . 496.52 1,246.08 

Dahanu — 

Cook house 227.85 

Fence 165.00 

Fence 27.52 

Hospital Building .. 11,665.29 

Medical Equipment 500.00 

Medical Equipment 980.22 

Workers' Quarters . 1,347.88 14,913.76 

Jalalpor — 

Toilets 88.13 

Palghar — 

Workers' Quarters . 1,198.60 


Fence 100.00 

Land and grading . 135.00 235.00 

Girls' Cook House . 800.00 

Girls' Isolation Ward 1,000.00 
Girls' School Bldg. 400.00 

Stable 293.76 2,493.76 

Total New Property 

projects completed 33,183.25 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 
completed) 8,050.56 

Less the same last 
year 20,734.68 

Actual New Property 

expenditures 20,499.13 

Loss in exchange — 

On supports 3,361.93 

On Annual Budget 

expenses 7,766.08 

On New Property 

expenses 1,871.10 12,999.11 

Total expenditures .. 159,558.68 

Balances, February 28, 

Rhodes Memorial 

Fund 5,618.00 

Quinter Memorial 

Hospital Fund .. 6,571.91 
India School Dormi- 
tory Fund 2,375.00 

India Village Church 

Fund 950.00 

Anklesvar Church 

House Fund 3,938.45 

Vyara Church Bldg. 

Fund 54.00 

Ross Auto Fund .. 1,500.00 

D a h a n u Hospital 

Building Fund .. 13,102.42 34,109.78 


2. China Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1926— 

Liao Chou Girls' 

School Building .. $ 813.00 

Liao Chou X-Ray 

Fund 1,732.70 

Ping Ting Girls' 

Dormitory 400.00 $ 2,945.70 

Receipts — 

Contributions re- 
ported in " Visitor " — 

Student F. F. 1925- 
26 $ 1,000.00 

Foreign Missions 
G) 1,557.71 

Junior League— 1926 8,385.09 

China general dona- 
tions 4,904.16 

China Native Work- 
er 541.13 

China Boys' School 44.46 

China Girls' School 156.30 

China Share Plan . 2,432.30 

China Hospitals 241.75 

Liao Chou Hospital 279.19 19,542.09 

Missionary Supports 

(Schedule 20) .... 25,398.75 

Endowment income 

(Schedule 19) .... 141.00 

Total receipts 45,081.84 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance . 24,324.19 

$ 72,351.73 

Expenditures — 

American Missionaries- 
Supports $ 30,701.13 

Medical expenses .. 405.49 

Furlough rents 1,244.10 

Sending to field 3,028.51 

Doctors' literature . 90.00 
To Annual Confer- 
ence 162.26 

Publications to field 32.80 
Shantung Christian 

University 1 ,000.00 

Furniture allowance 50.00 

Exchange on silver 52.39 

Unclassified expense 87.48 

Total expense di- 
rected from home 
office $ 36,854.16 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field operating) 

Liao — 

Rent $ 69.49 

Repairs 293.08 

Boys' School 1,601.45 

Girls' School 1,029.35 

Men's Evangelistic . 1,124.17 

Medical 1,395.00 

Language Teacher . 110.50 

Chinese Buyer 48.00 

Miscellaneous 65.23 5,736.27 

Ting Ting- 
Rent 37.58 

Repairs 429.00 

Boys' School 1,567.76 

Girls' School 1,014.18 

Men's Evangelistic . 1,210.49 

Medical 2,325.00 

Language Teacher . 153.00 

Miscellaneous 142.47 

Middle School 899.71 7,779.19 

Shou Yang- 
Rent 40.74 

Repairs 187.78 

Boys' School 1,617.00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Girls' School 686.80 

Men's Evangelistic . 930.00 

Medical 651.00 

Language Teacher . 174.40 

Chinese Buyer 70.00 

Miscellaneous 120.71 

Tai Yuan- 
Rent 626.75 

Repairs 45.66 

Men's Evangelistic . 788.26 

Language Teacher . 93.50 

Miscellaneous 1.00 

General — 

Agency Hire 227.52 

Building Dept. Ex- 
pense Fund 91.34 

Furloughs 5,497.63 

Language School .. 120.00 

Miscellaneous 445.20 

Scholarships 60.00 

Tung Chou Tuition 275.00 
Chile, Shansi, Chris- 
tian Ed. Ass'n. .. 52.65 
National Christian 
Council 240.00 

Total Annual Budget- 

New Property (new 
land, buildings and 
equipment) — 
Liao — 
Changing Boys' to 

Girls' School 1,550.00 

Hospital Comp. & 

Lighting Plant .. 1,000.00 

Two deep wells 500.00 

Addition Chinese 

Doctor's Residence 40.00 

Completing Boys' 

School 300.00 

Ping Ting- 
Middle School Sci- 
ence Equip, and 

Total New Property 
projects completed . 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 

Less the same last 

Actual New Property 


Loss in exchange — 

On supports 

On Annual Budget 


On New Property 

Total expenditures .. 
Balances, February 28, 

Liao Chou Girls' 

School Building . . 
Liao Chou X-Ray 


Ping Ting Girls' 

Dormitory Fund . 

Missionary Supports 
(Schedule 20) .... 



$ 26,558.42 

Total receipts 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance . 

Expenditures — 
American Missionaries — 


Personal taxes 

Publications to field 

Total expense di- 
rected from home 






$ 1,220.16 

' 1,555.17 

$ 6,090.05 






$ 1,912.31 


Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field oper- 
Malmo — 

Publication $ 

Traveling expenses 

Native Worker 

Native Worker in 

Simrishamn — 
Hall rent 



Traveling expense . 

Olserod — 

Native Worker 

Property expense . . . 
Traveling expense . 



Vannaberga — ■ 

Native Worker 

Property expense . 
Traveling expense . 





Tingsryd — 
Native Worker .... 
House and hall rent 
Traveling expense . 



Native Worker 

House rent 

Traveling expense . 





Total Annual Budget 







Gross expenditures .. 

Less — 
Gain in exchange 

On supports 

On Annual Budget 
Expenses ...... 


$ 6,090.05 





400.00 2,945.70 

4. Denmark Mission Fund 

$ 72,351.73 


3. Sweden Mission Fund 

Contributions re- 
ported in " Vis- 

$ 120.16 

Balance, March 1, 1926— 

Denmark Church- 
house fund 

Receipts — none 
From World Wide 
Fund to balance . 

Expenditures — 

Advances for Bed- 
sted property — re- 
pairs, interest, tax- 
es, insurance, na- 
tive worker sup- 
port and monthly 

$ 1,429.13 

$ 1,632.18 

$ 203.05 


The Missionary Visitor 


Balance, February 28, 1927- 

Denmark Church- 
house fund 

5. Africa Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1926— 

Ruth Royer Kulp 
Memorial Hospital 


Receipts — 

Contributions re- 
ported in " Vis- 
itor "— 

Africa general do- 
nations $ 10,728.16 

Foreign Missions (j|) 1,557.71 

B. Y. P. D. Fund 10.00 

Africa Share Plan .. 475.01 

A. S. F. M. F 5,788.41 $18,559.29 

$ 1,632.18 

$ 3,363.33 

Less Exchange gain — 

On Annual Budget 



On New Property 




Net expenditures . . 


Balances, February 28, 1927— 

Ruth Royer Kulp 

Memorial Hospital 



General fund 


$ 32,072.62 

Missionary Supports 
(Schedule 20) .... 

Total receipts 

Expenditures — 
American Missionaries- 

Doctors' literature . 
Publications to field 
Transportation — 

Sending to field 

Goods interior 

Return on furlough 

Furlough rents 

Advanced training . 
To Annual Confer- 

Helser-Kulp Ant- 
werp Conference . . 
Tnt'l. Inst. African 
Language and Cul- 

Burke — southern 


Unclassified expense 

Total expense di- 
rected from home 


Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field oper- 




Residence equipment 



Upkeep of premises 
Printing bills 

Total Annual Budg- 
et Expenses 

New Property (new 

land, buildings and 
equipment) — 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 

Less the same last 

Actual New Proper- 
ty Expense 

Total gross expendi- 


$ 32,072.62 

6. Home Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions report- 
ed in " Visitor " — 

Student F. F. 1926-27 $ 107.31 

Student F. F. 1925-26 2,515.03 

Home general dona- 
tions 1,499.19 

Greene County, Va., 
Mission donations 638.92 

Total receipts 

Balance from World 
Wide Fund to bal- 


Expendi' urec — 

$ 5,985.00 

Aid to Districts — 


Southern Iowa .... 


No. Illinois & Wis. 

Southeastern Kansas 


Florida & Georgia . 

Okla., P. T. & N. M. 


Middle Missouri .... 


So. Virginia 


Idaho & W. Mont. 

225 87 

First Virginia 

S. W. Mo. & N. W. 



No. & So. Carolina 


Western Maryland . 

Northern Missouri . 


Summer Pastorates — 

Adrian, Mo 

Prairie Plains, Okla. 

$ 14,461.54 

Piqua, Ohio 

Sunfield, Mich 

Portland, Oregon . . 

Walnut Grove, Tenn. 


Piney Flats, Tenn. 

78 21 

Shelton, N. C 


St. Joseph, Mo 


Arriba, Colo 


Penn Run, Pa 


Afton, Nebr 


Maple Grove, Wis. 


Eccles, Mo 

Prairie View, Mo. . . 

Antioch, Va 


D. V. B. S. work- 

Tennessee & N. Car. 



Regular Pastorates — 


Johnson City, Tenn. 

Fort Worth, Texas 

2 25 

Broadwater, Mo. . . 

Rose Pine, Louisiana 

No. St. Joseph, Mo. 


Portland, Oregon . 

Traveling Evangelists- 


To Fruitdale and 

$ 4,760.45 

$ 33,208.73 

700.00 $ 9,646.67 




















16.50 4,769.30 






728.23 5,574.50 


The Missionary Visitor 



Citronelle, Ala.; 
Carthage, Mo.; Ft. 
Scott and Gales- 
burg, Kans.; Ro- 
anoke and Rose 
Pine, La.; St. Jo- 
seph and Broad- 
water, Mo.; Georg- 
es Creek and Cher- 
ry Grove, Md.; Pi- 
ney Flats, Tenn. . 

M iscel lan&ous — 

Cont. to Home Mis- 
sions Council .... 

Supplies to pastor- 

Greene Co., Va., Mis- 
sion — School opera- 
tion — 
Workers' wages ..$ 4,041.00 

Commissary 1,433.68 

Light Plant 156.98 

Heating Plant 275.00 

Telephone dues 43.05 

School Equipment — 

Office supplies 48.34 

Dormitory equipment 81.89 

Farm Operation — 

Manager, wages 650.00 

Labor 711.96 

Grass seed 112.88 

Cow peas and beans 40.25 
Cotton seed and calf 

meal 96.17 

Gas and oil 328.77 

Tires and repairs . . 113.55 

Auto licenses 55.45 

Lime and fertilizer . 145.35 

Miscellaneous 269.61 

Farm Equipment — 

Fencing 83.90 

Spray materials .... 28.02 

Small tools 107.08 

Lumber 25.00 

New Property (completed) — 

Front steps 65.00 

Lattice work 43.73 

Well house 33.30 

Kitchen range 242.00 

New truck 458.00 

Hog house 139.60 

Hennery 149.13 

Grain drill 115.00 

Lime spreader 60.00 

Gas engine 100.00 

One horse wagon . . 68.42 

Set work harness .. 16.00 

Belt 14.33 

Cost of uncompleted 
new property items 
(to be itemized 
when completed) . 




Less the same last 
year 131.59 

Actual New Proper- 
ty expenses 

Interest on farm 
purchase money . 




Less income from— 
Board, room and 














Insurance barn fire 







Net expenditures 

Home Secretary De- 
partment Expense — 

Information service 

Office stationery & 


Office equipment .. 
Postage and mailing 
Salaries and office 


Telephone and tele- 



31 81 

Traveling expense . 




$ 33,208.73 

7. Administration Expense 

General Secretary's De- 
partment — 

Board meetings $ 638.90 

Foreign deputation 2,756.44 
Information service 105.10 
Medical examina- 
tions 11.00 

Contribution to Com- 
mittee of Ref. & 

Counsel 600.00 

Bronze tablet - J. H. 

B. Williams 85.00 

Miscellaneous 93.93 

Office rent 209.00 

Office stationery and 

supplies 110.92 

Postage • 67.81 

Salaries & office help 3,627.26 
Student Vol. work . 117.75 
Telephone and tele- 
graph 36.13 

Traveling expense . 341.25 $ 8,800.49 

Treasurer's Depart- 
ment — 







Fidelity bonds .... 

Office stationery and 

Salaries & office help 
Telephone and tele- 

Traveling expense 


Total Administration 

$ 12,159.58 

8. Missionary Education 

Missionary Visitor — 

Illustrating $ 293.38 

Binding files ....... 33.97 

Printing & mailing 
(average circula- 
tion 15,281) 8,173.43 $ 8,500.78 

Less paid subscrip- 
tions 378.63 

Net cost of "Visitor" 
General — 

Deputation work . . 305.61 

Exhibits 60.22 

Mimeo supplies 85.74 

Missionary Educa- 
tion Movement .. 111.00 
Miscellaneous 12.28 



Mission Study — 
Outside purchases 
Our publications . 












e Missio 

$ 15,836.31 

nary Visitor 

Gospel Messenger- 
Balance, March 1, 



Receipts numbered — 

Office stationery and 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Gish Estate- 
Balance, March 1, 


No receipts or trans- 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
D. C. Moomaw Me- 
morial — 

Balance, March 1, 
1926 . 

Office equipment . . . 
Office traveling ex- 



Pamphlets, leaflets, 

Postage & mailing 
Salaries & office help 
Stereopticons and 




Telephone and tele- 

Less sales of — 
Outside purchases 
Our publications . 
Slide rentals 


Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Book and Tract — 

Balance, March 1, 

Receipts numbered — 

89300 $ 20.00 

89450 20.00 

91933 100.00 



Net gen. expenses . 

Total Missionary Edu- 
cation Expense 

9. Missio 

World Wide- 
Balance, March 1, 

n Endowment 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 

Total Miscellaneous 


Receipts numbered — 

89346 $25.00 

90246 25.00 $ 50.00 

Transfer from en- 
dowment annuities 
—death lapses 
(Schedule 11) .... 10,905.00 


11. Endowment Annuity Bonds 

March 1, 

Total receipts 

Balance, February 

28, 1927 

India — 

Balance, March 1, 

No receipts or trans- 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Balance, March 1, 


No receipts or trans- 

Balance Feb. 28, 1927 
H. H. Rohrer Memorial- 
Balance, March 1, 


No receipts or trans 



2,3. r O.0T 


Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 

Total Mission Endow- 






1926 .. 

Receipts numbered — 

89026 $ 1,000.00 

89393 100.00 

89685 1,000.00 

90032 300.00 

90282 300.00 

90712 1,000.00 

90844 500.00 

91204 500.00 

91518 2,000.00 

91560 1,000.00 

92041 600.00 

92279 100.00 

92333 1,500.00 

92451 370.00 

92555 1,000.00 

92659 2,000.00 

92672 500.00 

92720 1,000.00 

92728 500.00 

93011 100.00 

93129 100.00 

93331 200.00 

94771 100.00 

94772 300.00 

94873 300.00 

95048 500.00 

95394 5,250.00 

95433 1,000.00 

95478 4,750.00 

95574 2,500.00 



10. Miscellaneous Endowment 

Total receipts 

Ministerial & Mission- 
ary Relief — 

Balance, March 1, 

No receipts or trans- 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 




Transfers to World 
Wide endowment 
death lapses 
(Schedule 9) . . 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 








10,905.00 12,255.00 



The Missionary Visitor 



12. Mission Annuity Bonds 

Balance, March 1, 

1926 $281,563.50 

Receipts numbered — 

89045 $ 300.00 

89114 500.00 

89251 1,000.00 

89322 500.00 

89501 1,500.00 

89700 1,000.00 

90129 5,000.00 

90341 50.00 

91559 10,000.00 - 

91585 1,000.00 

91660 500.00 

92329 1,000.00 

92380 500.00 

92419 1,000.00 

92541 1,000.00 

92889 250.00 

92975 5,000.00 

93289 500.00 

94010 1,000.00 

94826 1,000.00 

95526 500.00 

95641 10,000.00 

Total receipts 43,100.00 

Less— 324,663.50 

Transfers to Be- 
quests and 
Lapsed Annuities 
death lapses 

(Schedule 24) ... 6,300.00 
Refunded as World 

Wide Mission Do. 100.00 6,400.00 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 


13. Ministerial and Missionary Relief 

General Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 

1926 $ 19,794.66 

Receipts — 

Donations $ 107.50 

Refunds on sup- 
port 327.46 

Breth. Pub. House 

(Schedule 25) ... 11,000.00 

Conference Budget 

(Schedule 14) ... 10,831.80 

Gish Estate En- 
dowment (Sched- 
ule 19) 680.00 . 

General endowment 
(Schedule 19) .. .60 

Total receipts 22,947.36 

In assistance to 
ministers, their 
widows or orphans 14,098.40 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 $ 28,643.62 

Denmark Poor Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 

1926 2,600.60 

Receipts — none 

Expenditures — 

In assistance to 

Danish Brethren 266.16 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 2,334.44 

Total Ministerial & 
Missionary Relief 
balances $ 30,978.06 

14. Miscellaneous Funds 

General Relief and Re- 
construct^m — 

Balance, March 1, 
1926 $ 140.01 

Receipts — 

Donations reported 
in " Visitor" — 
Near East Relief .$ 3,607.28 

Armenian 143.61 

General 5.00 

Florida Tornado . 97.95 

Total receipts 



Expenditures — 

National Red 

Cross, Washington, 

D. C 


Near East Relief, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


Near East Relief, 

New York 


Total expenditures . 


Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 

Sundry Balances — 

(no changes from 

March 1, 1926) 

Japan Mission 

Philippine Mission . 

Porto Rico Mission 

Arab Mission 

So. Amer. Mission . 

New Eng. Mission . 

Southern Native 

White Mission .. 

Cuba Mission 

Australia Mission . . 

Jerusalem Mission . 

Colored Mission 

Colored Mission In- 


Italian Mission — 

Receipts — 

Donations reported 

in " Visitor " 


Transfer from 

Mission Annuity 

(last year) 


Total receipts 


Expenditures — 

Sent for Brooklyn 



Student Loan Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 



Receipts — 

Conference Budget 

(Schedule 14) ... 


Bequests (Sched- 

ule 24) 


Repayment of 






Total receipts 


Expenditures — 

Loans to students 

and school debts 


Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 

Stover Lecture Foun- 

dation — 

Balance, March 1, 



Receipts — interest 

from investment . 


Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Gish Pub. Fund—* 

Balance, March 1, 

Receipts — 
By sales of books 
Gish Estate en- 









See statistical table in this " Visitor 


dowment (Sched- 
ule 19) 2,720.02 

Total receipts 


To purchase of 
hooks 2,689.34 

Postage and pack- 
ing on same ... 573.84 

Printing bills .... 34.25 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Conference Budget- 

Contributions r e- 
ported in " Visi- 
tor "— 

Conference Budget 58,154.64 
Conference Budget 

Designated 340.65 

March World Serv- 
ice 4,280.00 

Total receipts 

Expenditures — 
General expense — 
Literature and 
general printing 443.90 

Miscellaneous 24.36 

Stationery and 

suppli«s 124.21 

Postage 139.16 

Office rent 100.00 

Salaries and office 

help 3,049.97 

Traveling expense 360.49 

Total general ex- 
penses 4,242.09 

Balance of Council 

of Promotion share 

to new year 133.63 

Distribution — 

World Wide Mis- 
sions 15,362.43 

Church Extension 

(Schedule 15) .. 7,214.31 

Ministerial & Mis- 
sionary Relief 
(Schedule 13) .. 10,831.80 

Student Loan 

(Schedule 14) .. 3,646.43 

General Sunday 
School Board ... 5,522.59 

General Educa- 
tional Board .... 3,486.70 

General Ministeri- 
al Board 2,911.15 

General Welfare 
Board 3,249.20 

Tract Examining 
Committee . . 364.66 

Music Committee 583.43 

American Bible 
Society 606.22 

Designated funds 
turned over 340.65 

Total expenditures . 
Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Book and Tract Work- 
Balance, March 1, 


Receipts — 
Endowment note 

interest 88.89 

Endowment in- 
come (Schedule 

19) 1,693.04 

Sales of tracts ... 40.87 

Total receipts 

The Missionary Visitor 









Expenditures — 
Missionary Gospel 


Rebates on endow- 






Tract mailing .... 
Tract publication . 

Total expenditures . 

Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 
Total of Miscellaneous 




$ 18,370.91 

Gish Testament Fund — 

Deficit, March 1, 1926 
Receipts — 
From Brethren 
Publishing House 
(Schedule 25) ... 

Deficit, February 
28, 1927 

$ 143.14 

15. Church Extension Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1926 $ 28,398.18 

Receipts — 
Contributions report- 
ed in " Visitor " .$ 78.55 
Conference Budget 

(Schedule 14) 7,214.31 

Interest on loans ... 394.00 

Total receipts 7,686.86 

Balance, February 28, 
1927 $36,085.04 

16. Church Extension Bills Receivable 

Balance, March 1, 1926 

$ 14,893.11 

Loans made — 

North Spokane, 

Wash $ 


Detroit, Mich 


Lakeland, Fla 


Total loans made .. 



Loans paid off — 

Mt. Garfield, Colo. 


Figarden, Calif 


Oakland. Calif. ... 


Rockford, 111 


Total loans paid off .. 


Balance, February 28, 


$ 21,693.11 

17. Contingent Agreements 

$ 74,193.44 

Balance, March 1, 1926 
Receipts — 
For year (6 items) . 

Transfers and can- 

Balance, Februarv 28, 



$ 79,408.53 


Mission Building and Contingent 


Balance, March 1,1926 

Receipts — 
By transfer from Be- 
quests & Lapsed 
Annuities (Sched- 
ule 24) 

$ 60,866.84 



The Missionary Visitor 



Expenditures — 
Transfer to World 
Wide Fund ....... 

1927 .. 

February 28, 


$ 56,224.44 

19. Investment Income and Expense 

Receipts — 

Interest received from — 

Endowment con- 
tracts $ 428.53 

Farm mortgage 
loans 66,316.35 

Public Util. bonds 7,858.33 

Railroad bonds .. 1,303.33 

City Real Estate 
bonds 3,507.92 

Short Term loans 262.24 

Local bank bal- 
ances 658.02 

Foreign bank bal. 273.57 $ 80,608.29 

Brethren Pub. House 

(Schedule 25) .... 44,000.00 

Total receipts $124,608.29 

Expenditures — 

Annuities paid .... $53,451.89 

Endowment income 
transferred — 
Rhodes Memorial 

(Schedule 1) ....$ 318.00 
India general 

(Schedule 1) .... 447.54 
Rohrer Memorial 

(Schedule 1) .... 60.00 

China general 

(Schedule 2) .... 141.00 
Ministerial & Mis- 
sionary Relief 
(Schedule 13) .-. .60 
Gish Estate- 
Pub. Fund (Sched- 
ule 14) 2,720.02 

Ministerial & Mis- 
sionary Relief 
(Schedule 13) .. 680.00 
D. C. M o o m a w 

Memorial 520.53 

Book and Tract work 

(Schedule 14) .... 1,693.04 
Gospel Messenger 
(Schedule 22) .... 991.86 7,572.59 

General expenses- 
Advances on antic- 
ipations 287.04 

Annuity publicity 150.97 

Auditing '.. 110.71 

Fidelity bonds .. 27.50 

Information service 93.07 

Investment losses 1,122.81 

Legal services ... 41.50 

Loan agencies 289.30 

Miscellaneous 91.54 

Office rent 143.00 

Office stationery & 

supplies 154.38 

Postage & mailing 81.21 

Recording fees .. 21.20 

Salaries and office 

help 2,668.74 

Telephone & tele- 
graph 26.46 

Traveling expense 443.18 5,752.61 

Net receipts to World 
Wide Fund 57,831.20 

Total expenditures .. $124,608.29 

20. Missionary Supports 

Contributions report- 
ed in " Visitor " 

(credited to sup- 
porting accounts) 
Deficit, Feb. 28, 1927 . 

Deficit, March 1, 1927 
Transfers — 
Supports charged 

were credited to — 
India Mission Fund 

(Schedule 1) $ 29,313.92 

China Mission Fund 

(Schedule 2) 25,398.75 

Sweden Mission 

Fund (Schedule 3) 11,000.00 
Africa Mission Fund 

(Schedule 5) 10,150.00 

Total transfers 

$ 60,502.98 

14,451.37 $ 74,954.35 


65,962.67 $ 74,954.35 

21. Advances to Field Treasurers 

India Treasurer- 
Balance on field, 
March 1, 1926 .... 
Charged for — 

$ 24,844.39 

Advices sent 

Other transfers .. 



Credited for — 
Expenditures on 


Balance on field, 
February 28, 1927 . 

China Treasurer — 

Balance on field, 

March 1, 1926 .... 
Charged for — 

Drafts paid 

Advices sent 

Other transfers .. 





Credited for — 


Expenditures on 


$ 32,357.87 

Balance on field, 
February 28, 1927 . 
Sweden Treasurer — 

Balance on field, 
March 1, 1927 .... 

Charged for— 
Draft remittances 
Other transfers .. 




Credited for — 
Expenditures on 





105 18 

Balance on field, 

February 28, 1927 . 

Denmark Treasurer — 

Balance, March 1, 


Credited for — 
Refunds on balance 


Africa Treasurer — 

Balance on field, 
March 1, 1926 .... 

Charged for— 
Funds transferred 

Advices sent 

Other transfers .. . 


Credited for — 
Expenditures on 




Balance, Feb. 28, 1927 



The Missionary Visitor 


Greene Co., Va., Mis- 
sion Treasurer — 

Balance, March 1, 

Charged for— 
Funds transferred 

Credited for— 
Expenses incurred 

Balance, Feh. 28, 1927 

Total Advances to 
Field Treasurers . 



$ 84,008.60 

Balance, March 1, 1926 
Receipts — 

Money borrowed, none 
Expenditures — 

Notes paid off 

Balance. February 28, 

23. Notes Payable 

$ 7,633.90 



24. Bequests and Lapsed Annuities 

22. Transmission Certificates 



March 1 

, 1926 

$ 1, 726.63 

Receipts — 


89135 ... 

.$ 20.00 

J.166 ... 

. 1.29 

89293 . . . 

. 122.00 

J. 166 ... 

. 19.84 

89343 ... 

. 7.50 

J.166 ... 

. 5.00 

89484 ... 

. 20.00 

93273 . . . 

. 15.00 

89494 ... 

. 10.00 

J.167 ... 

. 15.00 

89664 ... 

. 100.00 

93293 ... 

. 35.00 

89693 ... 

. 75.00 

93301 . . . 

. 5.00 

89827 ... 

. 8.00 

93298 ... 

. 2.50 

. 89876 . . . 

. 76.15 

93314 . . . 

. 50.00 

89908 . . . 

. 20.00 

93335 ... 

. 3.00 

J. 153 ... 

. 9.84 

J. 168 ... 

. 25.00 

90502 ... 

. 100.00 

93380 ... 

. 10.00 

90560 ... 

. 58.50 

J. 169 ... 

. 200.00 

91089 ... 

. 200.00 

J. 169 ... 

. 200.00 

91747 ... 

. 65.75 

J.169 ... 

. 100.00 

91853 ... 

. 225.00 

J. 169 ... 

. 200.00 

91936 ... 

. 6.50 

J.169 ... 

. 200.00 

92029 ... 

. 20.00 

J.169 ... 

. 100.00 

92035 ... 

. 47.50 

93418 ... 

. 35.00 

J. 160 ... 

. 194.94 

93489 ... 

. 5.00 

92051 . . . 

. 75.00 

93493 . . . 

. 100.00 

92096 ... 

. 62.65 

93901 . . . 

. 10.00 

92102 ... 

. 33.25 

94171 . . . 

. 8.00 

92116 ... 

. 35.00 

94171 . . . 

. 8.00 

92162 ... 

. 10.00 

94171 ... 

. 5.00 

92162 ... 

. 10.00 

94171 ... 

. 24.00 

92162 ... 

. 10.00 

94358 ... 

. 10.00 

92310 ... 

. 150.00 

94583 ... 

. 75.00 

92327 ... 

. 30.00 

94583 ... 

. 111.00 

J. 162 ... 

. 100.00 

94730 ... 

. 2.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

94749 ... 

. 113.00 

J. 162 ... 

. 100.00 

T.171 ... 

. 50.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

J.171 ... 

. 50.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

J. 171 ... 

. 50.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

J.171 ... 

. 30.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

J.171 ... 

. 30.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

J.171 ... 

. 50.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

95370 . . . 

. 4.51 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

95528 ... 

. 35.00 

J.162 ... 

. 100.00 

J.172 ... 

. 122.60 

J. 163 ... 

. 57.50 

95628 ... 

. 90.20 

92577 ... 

. 51.60 

95689 ... 

. 36.60 

92678 ... 

. 61.00 

J.173 ... 

. 4.00 

J.164 ... 

. 25.00 

J. 173 ... 

. 3.30 

92805 ... 

. 20.00 

J.173 ... 

. 1.03 

92831 ... 

. 111.50 

J.174 ... 

. 10.00 

92869 ... 

. 50.80 

J. 174 ... 

. 50.00 

92952 ... 


96158 ... 

. 6.00 

92961 . . . 

. 10.00 

96177 ... 

. 500.00 

93050 ... 

. 6.50 

96280 ... 

. 205.00 

93050 ... 

. 5.50 

J. 175 ... 

. 100.00 

Total receipts for which 




were issued 


Certificates redeemed 

Balance outstanding 
February 28, 1927 .. 


$ 3,859.70 

Receipts — 

From bequests — 


89038 M. B. & C. R. $ 

90011 M. B. & C. R. 

90214 India 

91717 M. B. & C. R. 

91718 M. B. & C. R. 
92000 M. B. & C. R. 
92012 M. B. & C. R. 
92596 M. B. & C. R. 
92798 M. B. & C. R. 
93346 M. B. & C. R. 
94490 M. B. & C. R. 
95677 M. B. & C. R. 
96224 M. B. & C. R. 
96516 M. B. & C. R. 














300.00 $ 9,227.60 

From lapsed annuities — 
For M. B. & C. R. 6,200.00 
For student Loan 
Fund \ 100.00 6.300.00 


$ 15,527.60 

ransfers to — 

M. B. & C. R. 

(Schedule 18) .... 

India Mission Fund 

(Schedule 1) 

Student Loan Ft 
(Schedule 14) . 


otal transfers ... 

$ 15,527.60 

25. Brethren Publishing House 


19 25-1926 earnings 
turned over 

Income " Gospel 
Messenger " en- 
dowment (Schedule 

Office rent charged 
t o departments 
(Schedules 6, 7, 8) 

Gish Testament sales 

Office rent paid over 
"Gospel Messenger" 
endowment paid 


20% of earnings to 
Ministerial & Mis- 
sionary Relief 
(Schedule 13) .... 
80% of earnings to 
Investment Income 
^ (Schedule 19) .... 
Gish Testament 
F u n d credit 
(Schedule 14) .... 

$ 55,000.00 



$ 57,677.41 

$ 1,080.00 





$ 57,677.41 


The Missionary Visitor 




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The Missionary Visitor 






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William Beahm 

Our year opened with the Flohrs and the Kulps on their 
voyage to us. And Mr. Helser and Mr. Mallott were on 
a site seeing trip in the northeastern corner of Yola (now 
Adamawa) Province. They were delegated to choose and 
apply for a site among the Margi tribe whose language 
is very closely related to Bura. Accordingly a site was 
chosen at Dille which is about four days' journey east of 
Garkidda. We have received permission to begin building 
and opening the work there. Mr. and Mrs. Kulp have 
been selected to carry on the work there and are now on 
the job. ,£ 

We have received permission also to open the work and 
do building at Gardemna which is 15 miles down the Hawal 
Valley from Garkidda. Mr. Mallott is busy getting a 
shelter for the rainy season and carrying on the work there. 

Dr. Gibbel has been busy all of his spare hours binding 
up the nations's wounds and healing their diseases. Mr. 
Flohr has been busy in spare hours giving much needed 
aid to Mr. Heckman in getting buildings finished and ready 
for the coming rains. All of the newly arrived workers 
are doing exceptional work in acquiring the language. In 
gathering and organizing material for their beginning study 
Mr. Kulp has also quickened the interest of us all in im- 
proving our grasp of the language. 

Our compound is a gayer place since we have the voices 
and lithe forms of white children in constant evidence. It 
is our hope that they will be able to stand the climate in 
satisfactory fashion for their contribution both to the joy 
of the mission families and to the testimony of the mission 
to the Bura people is invaluable. 

The school has continued to grow and keep the interest 
of the boys. We have been able to enlarge our enrollment, 
enlarge our program, and intensify all of our work since the 
arrival of our furloughed workers. 

Village preaching has increased in quantity and interest 
since there are more here to take part. And the experiment 
of a five day working week has given large promise of 
better Sunday services at Garkidda. Hitherto the folks who 
worked for us in our building would take Sunday to visit 
their friends and do other odd chores which accumulated 
during their busy week. We are now giving them Saturday 
off to do all such things and are urging their attendance 
at Sunday services with astonishing success. The two 
classes for budding Christians have continued with keen 
interest. It is still our hope to baptize a selected number 
of them this Easter. 


Plans are well under way to begin work on our new 
hospital yet this year. The wet season appears to be the 
choice time to do cement work and we have already secured 
the cement to begin the foundation work this summer. 

Mr. Mallott took his vacation this year by going along 
with Mr. Kulp to get building started at Dille. The Heck- 
mans and Beahms spent their time at the Rest Home of the 

is 25 miles from 

Sudan Interior Mission at Miango which 
Jos up on the plateau. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1927. As of April 30, 1927, the 
Conference (Budget) offering for the year ending 
February 29, 1928, stands as follows: 

Cash received since March 1, 1927 $27,924.20 

(The 1927 Budget of $408,300.00 is 6.8% raised, 
whereas it should be 16.6%). 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on April 30, 

Income since March 1, 1927 $35,063.25 

Income same period last year 38,270.09 

Expense since March 1, 1927 52,227.76 

Expense same period last year 43,923.05 

Mission deficit April 30, 1927 26,049.12 

Mission deficit March 31, 1927 15,077.38 

Increase in deficit for April, 1927 10,971.74 

Tract Distribution: During the month of March 
the Board sent out 2,017 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 1. See May, 1927, Visitor under 
Conference Budget Fund in credit to $264.21 to Harris 
Creek, So. Ohio. $23.55 was since designated for 
Junior League— 1926, and was so credited in April, 
1927, Visitor. 

Correction No. 2. See March, 1927, Visitor under 
Conf. Budget, credit of $210.00 to Sheldon, No. Iowa, 
is cancelled as had been sent to us in error and is 

March Receipts. The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during March: 

Arizonar— $17.62 

S. S.: Glendale $ 17.62 

California— $308.31 

No. Dist., Cong.: Raisin City, $10; Live 
Oak, $5; Modesto, $16; S. S. : Modesto, $21.18; 
Live Oak, $3.34; Aid Soc. : Reedley, $3; Indv. : 
Unknown donor of Macdoel, $5.46, 63.98 

So. Dist., Cong.: Inglewood, $2; Pasadena, 
$129.73; Calvary (L. A.) $50; Belvedere, $20.60; 
S. G. Lehmer (M. N.) (1st Los Angeles) $.50; 
G. Nofziger (Pasadena) $10; Lulu Terford (1st 
Los Angeles) $25; Aid Soc: Hermosa Beach, 
$6; Indv.: A. C. Snowberger (M.N.) $.50, .. 244.33 
Canada— $23.00 

Cong.: Bow Valley, $14.25; Aid Soc: 
"Willing Workers" (Sec. Irricana) $8.75, .. 23.00 
Colorado— $46.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Fruita, 46.65 

Florida— $21.88 

Cong.: Seneca, $4.30; S. S.: Sebring, $12.08; 

Aid Soc: Seneca, $5.50, 21.88 

Idaho— $14.05 

Cong.: Nezperce, $10.50; Aid Soc: Twin 

Falls, $3.55, 14.05 

Illinois— $58.59 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sterling, $3; Polo, $8.32; 
Forest Eisenbise (M. N.) (Lanark) $.50; S. S. : 
Louisa (Waddams Grove) $9.35; Batavia, $8; 
Aid Soc: Batavia, $3.51; Naperville, $3.50, .. 36.18 

So. Dist., Cong.: Virden, $3.41; Romine, 
$3.95; No. 96667 (Hurricane Creek) $10; S. S.: 

Big Creek, $5.05, 22.41 

Indiana— $960.42 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $70; Monti- 
cello, $65; Walton, $22.93; Cart Creek, $38.66; 
Huntington, $46.52; Congs.: $57.98; S. S. : 
Huntington, $100.98; Pleasant Dale, $20.35; 
Aid Soc: Huntington, $25; Pipe Creek, $10; 
Joint Aid Soc. Meeting at No. Manchester, 
$16.45, 473.87 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Creek, $7.56; Baugo, 
$45.48; Union Center, $29.50; West Goshen, 
$77.50; Blue River, $7.35; Velma Ober (Cedar 

Lake) $50; Ivan Holdeman (Elkhart) $25; 
S. S.: Elkhart Valley, $100; Plymouth, $32.73; 
Florence (Shipshewana) $25; Aid Soc: 
Pleasant Valley, $14; Baugo & Wakarusa, 
$6.10; Maple Grove, $5; Elkhart City, $8.50; 
W. Goshen, $5, 438.72 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $44.83; J. G. 
Stinebaugh (M. N.) (Rossville) $.50; F. E. 
McCune (M. N.) (Four Mile) $.50; Indv. : 

R. M. Arndt, $2, 47.83 

Iowa— $341.41 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines Valley, $30; 
Dallas Center, $20.10; S. S.: Prairie City, 
$15.68; Yale (Coon River) $5.35; Aid Soc: 
Coon River, $15; Panther Creek, $16, 102.13 

No. Dist., Cong.: Curlew, $106.38; Greene, 
$2; Minnie M. Hersch (Waterloo City-So. 
Waterloo) $10; Mrs. Bert Wady (Waterloo 
City-So. Waterloo) $4.50; S. S. : Greene, $7.80; 
Aid Soc: Waterloo City (So. .Waterloo) 
$103.60, 234.28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ottumwa, 5.00 

Kansas — $85.11 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Appanoose, $20.15; Mrs. 
S. B. Katherman (Lawrence) $2; S. S.: Will- 
ing Workers Class (Morrill) $20, 42.15 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: L. A. Phillips, 5.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: V. E. Whitmer & Wife 
(E. Wichita) $2.50; L. W. Whitmer & Wife 
(E. Wichita) $2.50; James Brandt (Pleasant 
View) $15; S. S.: Larned, $12.96; Aid Soc: 

Larned Rural, $5, 37.96 

Louisiana — $55.20 

S. S.: Roanoke, $12.07; Young Peoples' Dept. 

(Roanoke) $43.13, 55.20 

Maryland— $140.30 

E. Dist., Cong.: Kenneth S. Kinzie (Reis- 
tertown) $5; Mary E. Bixler (Meadow 
Branch) $1; S. S. : Westminster (Meadow 
Branch) $42.05; Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek) 
$2.50; Aid Soc: Edgewood (Pipe Creek) $5; 
Westminster (Meadow Branch) $12.25; Pipe 
Creek) $8.75, 76.55 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $10.85; A 
Member (Manor) $40, 50.85 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $5; C. H. 

Merrill (Cherry Grove) $7.90, 12.90 

Michigan — $78.36 

Cong.: Beaverton, $21.20; Battle Creek, 
$1.50; Woodland, $20.88; Rodney, $3.01; Sugar 
Ridge, $12.78; S. S.: Grand Rapids, $18.99, .. 78.36 
Minnesota— $17.14 

Cong.: Lewiston, $4.73; Monticello, $6.20; 
Bethel, $2.51; Indv.: Orin Chapman, $3.70, .. 17.14 

Missouri— $8.60 

Mid. Dist, S. S. : Warrensburg, $2; Aid 
Soc: Warrensburg, $5 7.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Mountain Grove, .. 1.60 

M ontana— $5.00 

S. S.: Whitefish, 5.00 

Nebraska— $45.37 

Cong.: Omaha, $21.92; Octavia, $4.30; S. S. : 
Afton, $5; Lincoln, $4.15; Aid Soc: Bethel, 

$10, 45.37 

New Jersey — $3.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Louisa Burns, 3.00 

New Mexico — $2.00 

Indv.: Mary Hornbaker, 2.00 

North Dakota— $11.00 

S. S.: Egeland, $9; Indv.: I. N. S. Gipe, $2, 11.00 
Oklahoma— $86.50 

Cong.: Big Creek, $10; Washita, $70; Indv.: 
J. W. Hylton, $1.50; Mrs. V. W. Goodman, 
$5, 86.50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio— $476.60 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Olivet, $15; Canton 
Center, $9.23; Aid Soc. : E. Chippewa, $20; 

Akron, $10 54.23 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Black Swamp, $49; 
Aid Soc: Black Swamp, $4.25; Circle of 

Service (Fostoria) $28.29, 81.54 

So. Dist., Cong.: Springfield, $10; West 
Dayton, $8; Ft. McKinley, $1; Lydia Klinger 
(E. Dayton) $2; Lucinda Ann Hixson (May 
Hill) $100; S. S. : Lower Miami, $29.90; Castine, 
$3.06; Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater) $29.78; 
Aid Soc: Covington, $10; Prices Creek, $5.38; 
Cincinnati, $4.45; New Carlisle, $27.26; Indv.: 
Harris Harman Family, $10; Susie Warner, 

$100, 340.83 

Oregon— $28.00 

Cong.: Grants Pass 28.00 

Pennsylvania — $1,548.41 

E. Dist., Cong.: White Oak, $100; W. Green 
Tree, $158.72; Elizabethtown, $12.03; Chiques, 
$57.50; Big Swatara, $193.75; Lancaster, $22.81; 
No. 96935 (Hatfield) $20; Nathan Martin 
(M. N.) (Midway) $.50; Unknown donor 
(Elizabethtown) $1; Adaline H. Witter 
(Myerstown) $4; S. S. : Indian Creek, $26.69; 
Harrisburg, $41; Union House (Fredericks- 
burg) $6; Fredericksburg, $15; Ephrata, $19.06; 
E. Petersburg, $10.71; Myerstown, $10; Lans- 
dale (Hatfield) $61; E. Fairview, $19.15; 
"Gleaners' Class (Akron) $5; Aid Soc: Hat- 
field, $25; Indv.: A Sister, $10, 818.92 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Artemas, $12; Spring 
Run, $53; A Brother & Sister (Germany 
Valley-Aughwick) $20; Mrs. Harry Barney 
(Cherry Lane) $7; Abner B. Dillings (Clover 
Creek) $2; Mrs. B. M. Sell (1st Altoona) $1; 
Mary E. Detwiler (Huntingdon) $2; Mary A. 
Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; S. S. : Curry- 
ville (Woodbury) $9.61; Artemas, $5; Bell- 
wood, $9; Guild Girls (Bellwood) $3; Aid 
Soc: Spring Run, $25 158.61 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Calvary (Phila.) 
$193.96; Ethel D. Sleighter (Pottstown) $5; 
Lloyd M. Sleighter (Pottstown) $5; S. S. : 
Primary Dept. (Calvary-Phila.) $20 223.96 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lost Creek, $56.03; 
Chambersburg, $2; No. 96531 (Huntsdale) $5; 
S. S.: Melrose (Upper Codorus) $21.46; Han- 
over, $9.72; Good Will (Lost Creek) $10.70; 
" Truth Seekers " Class, Good Will (Lost 
Creek) $15; Mechanicsburg, $49.63; Pleasant 
Hill (Codorus) $3.50; " Willing Workers " 
Class (Mechanicsburg) $25; Brandts (Back 
Creek) $3.83; New Fairview, $21.19; Buffalo, 
$13; Indv.: Virgil B. Bard & Wife, $2, 238.06 

W. Dist., Cong.: Red Bank, $3.63; Con- 
nellsville, $7.50; Glade Run, $40; Ligonier, $22; 
No. 96712 (Montgomery) $6.50; D. P. Hoover 
(M.N.) (Rummel) $.50; S. S. : Plum Creek, 
$7.50; Diamondsville (Manor) $1.81; Wilpen 
(Ligonier) $12; Aid Soc: Pike (Berlin) 

$7.42, 108.86 

South Dakota— $16.00 

S. S.: Willow Creek, $11; Aid Soc: Willow 

Creek, $5 16.00 

Ten nessee— $26.98 

Cong.: Liberty, $12.05; Limestone, $6; New 

Hope, $6.93; Aid Soc: Oneonta, $2, 26.98 

Virginia— $208.87 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $13.15; Cora E. 
Beahm (Nokesville) $5, 18.15 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, $32.29; 
Mill Creek, $30; Eld. Daniel Turner (Moun- 
tain Grove-Brocks Gap) $10; Salem, $2; S. S., 
D. V. B. S. & Cong.: Unity, $8.72; Aid Soc: 
Dayton (Cooks Greek) $10 93.01 

Sec Dist., Cong.: Summit, $15; S. S. : 
Bridgewater, $12.71; Aid Soc: Pleasant Val- 
ley, $20; Barren Ridge, $5; Summit, $5 57.71 

So. Dist., Cong.: R. W. Sides & Wife 

(Fraternity), 40.00 

West Virginia— $18.94 .. 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $6.69; 
Indv.: W. H. Muntzing, $5, 11.69 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Jesse Judy, $6; Susie 

Davidson, $1.25, 7.25 

Wisconsin— $16.00 

Cong.: Alfred Lein (Maple Grove) $4; 

S. S.: Maple Grove, $2; Indv.: J. J. Boyd 
(Milwaukee) $10, 16.00 

Total for the month, .'. $4,669.31 

Total previously reported, 000 

Total for the year, $4,669.31 

Illinois— $122.50 

No. Dist., Bethany Volunteer Bank, $ 122.50 

Total for the month, $ 122.50 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 122.50 

Canada — $15.00 

Aid Soc: "The Willing Workers" (Sec. 

Irricana), $ 15.00 

Colorado— $5.31 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 5.31 

Idaho— $5.00 

Aid. Soc: Emmett, 5.00 

Indiana — $7.50 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Union Center, 7.50 

Iowa— $140.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 140.00 

Kansas— $54.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 20.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 34.00 

Missouri — $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, $10; Rockingham, 

$15, 25.00 

Ohio— $7.76 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Lower Miami, 7.76 

Oklahoma— $2.50 

Cong.: Thomas, 2.50 

Pennsylvania — $36.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Bellwood, 16.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 20.00 

Washington — $73.00 

Aid Societies, 73.00 

Total for the month, $ 371.07 

Total previously reported 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 371.07 

California— $15.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (San Bernardino) $ 15.00 
Pennsylvania — $7.75 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy 7.75 

Virginia— $3.56 

No. Dist., Cong.: Powells Fort, 3.56 

Total for the month, $ 26.31 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 26.31 

Maryland— $3.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Kenneth S. Kinzie (Reis- 

terstown) $ 3.00 

Virginia— $10.00 

E. Dist., Mission Board, 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 13.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 13.00 


Kansas— $148.69 
N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sabetha, $112.59; Ozaw- 

kie, $36.10, 148.69 

Ohio— $89.92 
So. Dist., Cong.: Brookville, $21.08; S. S.: 

Middletown, $5.63; Y. P. D. of Dist., $62.71; 

Indv.: Mrs. Frances Messmore, $.50, 89.92 

Pennsylvania — $167.74 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Williamsburg, 150.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Parker Ford, 10.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy 7.74 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sweden— $91.52 

Cong.: Vannaberga, $32.07; Olserod, $20.04; 
Kjavlinge, $5.35; Malmo, $7-88; S. S. : Malmo, 

$10.15; Aid Soc: Tingsryd, $16.03, 91.52 

Virginia — $15.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Waynesboro, 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 512.87 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 512.87 

California— $9.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept. (Oakland), $ 3.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: E. San Diego, 6.50 

Colorado— $19.35 

W. Dist., S. S. : Primary & Junior Classes 

(Fruita), 19.35 

Illinois— $26.06 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children (Oakley), 26.06 

Indiana— $1.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children (Arcadia), 1.00 

Iowa— $3.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Rose Bud" Class (Pan- 
ther Creek), 3.00 

Maryland— $6.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Bethany 6.00 

Missouri— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Children (Wakenda), .... 5.00 

Ohio— $88.09 

N. E. Dist., Junior League: New Philadel- 
phia, 11.09 

So. Dist., S. S.: Red River (Painter Creek) 

$32; Primary Dept. (Brookville) $45, 77.00 

Pennsylvania— $22.70 

E. Dist., Shamokin, 22.70 

Virginia— $39.00 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Two Junior Classes (Mid- 
dle River) $34; Class of Children Mt. Bethel 

(Beaver Creek) $5, 39.00 

Tennessee — $4.00 

S. S.: Primary Class (Limestone), 4.00 

Washington— $5.00 

S. S.: Children (Forest Center) 5.00 

Wisconsin— $6.90 

S. S. : Primary & Junior Depts. (Stanley), 6.90 

Total for the month, $ 235.60 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 235.60 

North Dakota— $7.00 

S. S.: Ellison, $ 7.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1927 
Calif ornia— $6 .03 

No. Dist., B. Y. P. D.: Chico, ...$ 

Illinois— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Stand True & Ready 

Class" (Woodland), 

Iowa— 33.20 

Mid. Dist., Y. P. D. : Ankeny, 

Sweden— $26.72 

Y. P. Soc: Malmo, 






Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 75.95 

Illinois— $14.28 

So. Dist., S. S.: Canton,- $ 14.28 

Indiana— $50.80 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Courter Y. P. Class 

(Mexico) 50.80 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: Jasper W. Arnold & Wife (Afton), 2.50 

Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Junior Harris Creek, 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $17.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Midway (Anklesvar Train- 
ing School), 17.00 

Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Roanoke N. W., 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 99.58 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 99.58 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: "Comrades" Class 

(Larned Rural), ....$ 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $26.25 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: West Green Tree, .... 26.25 


Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 36.25 

Florida— $25.00 

Indv. : Mrs. A. B. Gettel, $ 25.00 

Maryland— $75.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Scott Y. Garner & Wife 
(Union Bridge-Pipe Creek) $25; S. S.: "Sun- 
shine Band" Class (Meadow Branch) $25; 
Berean Bible Class, Blue Ridge College (Pipe 

Creek) $25, 75.00 

Michigan— $12.50 

S. S.: Sunfield, 12.50 

Ohio— $62.50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys' Class 
(Fostoria), 25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Altruist" Class (E. Day- 
ton) $12.50; " Good Will Circle," College St. 

(W. Dayton) $25, 37.50 

Pennsylvania— $27.50 

So. Dist., Cong. : B. F. and Ida M. Lightner 
(Marsh Creek) 12.50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Moxham, 25.00 

Texas— $25.00 

Cong. : Lillian & Dorothy Hellerman (Ft. 
Worth), 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 237.50 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 237.50 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class (Ephrata) $ 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 3001 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the month, $ 30.00 


Iowa— $23.80 

$ 23.80 

No. Dist., S. S.: Sheldon, 

Total for the month, $ 23.80 

Total previously reported 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 23.80 

Ohio— $50.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Happy 
Corner (Lower Stillwater), $ 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 50.00 


Illinois— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister (1st 
Chicago), 100.00 

Total for the month, $ 100.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Total for the year, $ 100.00 

California— $16.77 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $ 16.77 

Illinois— $71.47 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 71.47 

Indiana— $2.47 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 2.47 

Maryland— $2.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Cora Shaffer (Pine Grove), 2.00 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Cong.: Jasper W. Arnold & Wife (Afton), 2.50 

North Dakota— $10.00 

Indv.: Mary A. Martz, 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $91.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Springville (evangelism), 91.00 

Total for the month $ 196.21 

Total previously reported 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 196.21 

California— $18.75 

• No. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers" Class 
(McFarland) $ 6.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Friendship Bible Class" 

(Pasadena), 12.50 

Illinois— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Stand True & Ready 

Class" (Woodland), 25.00 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale 25.00 

Maryland— $150.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Union Bridge (Pipe Creek) 
$25; "Builder's Class" (Bethany) $75, .... 100.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Altruistic Bible Class" 

(Hagerstown), 50.00 

Ohio— $12.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: 'Young People's Bible 

Class " (E. Chippewa), 12.50 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Moxham, 25.00 

Texas— $25.00 

Cong.: Lillian & Dorothy Hellerman (Ft. 
Worth) 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

California — $25.00 
So. Dist., S. S.: San Bernardino, $ 


Total for the year, $ 281.25 

California— $82.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach (hospital 

beds) $ 82.00 

Idaho— $2.25 

Cong.: Clearwater 2.25 

Illinois— $53.11 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $5.56; Astoria, 

$30.55; Indv.: E. R. Bryant, $17, 53.11 

Indiana— $2.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: D. T. Bailiff (Nobles- 

ville), 2.50 

Minnesota— $5.00 

Cong.: Lizzie E. Ogg (Root River), 5.00 

Ohio— $21.20 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Eld. Abednego Miller 
(Logan) 2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Harris Creek 19.20 

Pennsylvania— $45.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: No. 96857 (1st Phila- 
delphia), 40.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Greenville (Rockton), 5.00 

Total for the month $ 211.06 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 211.06 

Kansas— $75.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class (Morrill), 75.00 

Illinois- 7 $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Ladies' Division of Mustard 
Seed Class (Milledgeville), 25.00 

Washington— $16.70 

S. S. : Forest Center, 16.70 

Total for the month $ 141.70 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year $ 141.70 

Colorado— $15.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: McClave, $ 15.00 

Total for the month, S ]"0) 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 15.00 


Maryland— $43.82 

E. Dist., Cong.: Meadow Branch $ 43.82 

Pennsylvania— $5.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: " Character Builders' Class" 
(Midway), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 48.82 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 

California— $12.39 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $10; S. S. : Pat- 
terson, $2.39, $ 

Illinois— $2.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanark 

Indiana— $79.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Ft. Wayne, $39; New 

Paris, $40, 

Iowa— $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, 

Kansas— $85.53 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson 

Nebraska— $19.00 

Cong.: Omaha, 

Ohio— $84.77 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Woodworth, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Marion, 

Pennsylvania — $44.74 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $9.59; Mary A. 
Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10; S. S. : Yellow 
Creek, $17.05; Women's Missy. Soc. : First 
Altoona. $3, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Back Creek 

Virginia— $5.96 

First Dist., Cong.: Antioch 

Correction No. 1, 
Correction No. 2, 










Total for the month, $ 384.04 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

$ 384.04 




Total for the year $ 150.49 

California— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: S. L. Burger & Wife 

(Empire) $ 100.00 

Canada— $100.00 

Cong.: Geo. E. Long (Sec. Irricana) 100.00 

Iowa— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Catherine Bluebaugh 

(Cedar Rapids), 100.00 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ira M. Petersime (Oak- 
land) 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $245.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Miller (Lititz) 20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: C. C. Ellis (Huntingdon), 25.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


S. E. Dist., Cong.: J. Omar Good (1st 
Philadelphia), 100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.:D. G. H. Lesher (Waynes- 
boro), 100.00 

Tennessee— $140.00 

Cong.: Samuel H. Garst (Pleasant Hill) 
$20; John W. Swadley (Bailey Grove) $100; 
Mrs. C. C. Shanks (Cedar Grove) $10; Nan 

Molsbee (Cedar Grove) $10, 140.00 

Virginia— $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Unity), .... 50.00 

Total for the month, ' $ 835.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 835.00 


California— $775.00 

So. Dist., Long Beach S. S. $300 for Lucile 
G. Heckman; La Verne Cong. $25 for E. D. 
Vaniman & Wife and L. A. Blickenstaff & 
wife; Sunday Schools for Clarence C. Heck- 
man, $450, $ 775.00 

Canada— $550.00 

No. 96648 (Irricana) for I. E. Oberholtzer, 550.00 

Illinois— $121.96 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris S. S. for Sadie J. 
Miller, 92.26 

So. Dist., Oakley Cong, for Ida Bucking- 
ham, 29.70 

Indiana— $525.50 

No.. Dist., Sunday Schools for Mary Schaef- 
fer and Marguerite Burke Budget, 419.42 

So. Dist., Locust Grove S. S. (Nettle 

Creek) for Ina M. Kaylor, 106.08 

Iowa— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., J. K. Miller (Cedar Rapids) for 

Emma Horning, 100.00 

Kansas— $23.72 

S. W. Dist., Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker, 23.72 
Missouri— $83.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong, for Jennie Mohler, 83.00 

Ohio— $910.81 

N. E. Dist., Olivet S. S. $117.57 for A. D. 
Helser; Freeburg S. S. $550 for Sue R. 
Heisey, 667.57 

N. W. Dist., Sunday Schools $219.74 for 
Hattie Z. Alley; Fostoria S. S. for Hattie Z. 

Alley, $23.50, 243.24 

Pennsylvania— $1,073.06 

E. Dist., Salunga S. S. (E. Petersburg) 
$500 for Baxter M. Mow; Peach Blossom 
Cong. $160 for Anna M. Hutchinson, 660.00 

Mid. Dist., Everett Cong. $135 for Dr. Carl 
Coffman; Albright Cong. & S. S. $20 for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, 155.00 

W. Dist., Quemahoning Cong. $58.06 for 
Esther Beahm; Young People's Council $200 

for Marguerite Burke, 258.06 

Tennessee— $84.08 

Congs. for Anna B. Seese, 84.08 

Virginia— $237.06 

Sec. Dist., Middle River Cong. $100 for B. 
M. Flory; Elk Run Cong. $121.90 for Sarah 
Z. Myers; Bridgewater Cong, for Ella Flohr, 
$10.64, 232.54 

So. Dist., Pleasant Valley S. S. for Rebecca 
C. Wampler 4.52 

Washington— $103.49 

Wenatchee Valley Cong, for Ada Hollen- 
berg, 103.49 

Total for the month, $4,587.68 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 4,587.68 


(Continued from Page 204) 
charge of the college has her degree from Columbia, 
in America. She loves America and tries hard to 
carry our modern methods of teaching in her school. 
It was most interesting to attend the Hindu prayers 
at the beginning of the session. About eighty college 
girls sat on a large rug listening to the reading 
from the Bhagavad Gita. Comments made by the 
leader on the subject of " heaven " sounded very 
much like statements I have heard made by Chris- 
tian ministers. *g 

Congratulations are in order, for Harlan J. Brooks 
has passed his first-year Gujarati language exami- 
nation with very good grades. 

On March 2 a very pretty double wedding was 
performed in the Girls' School chapel. Panibai and 
Manibai are both schoolgirls and the men are from 
the Boys' Boarding Schools. Bhorlidas and Manibai 
now live in a village and teach in the school. (Sea 
picture on page 178.) 

From March 2 to 11 all missionaries were away 
from the station, attending the Mission Conference 
at Bulsar, but the work continued, and teachers and 
workers went ahead with their tasks with a fine 
spirit. ^ 

The winter months have been busy ones. The 
evangelistic groups have been out in the vil- 
lages proclaiming salvation. Only the Lord of the 
harvest knows the extent of this seed sowing. Dur- 
ing the past week, Brother and Sister Blough have 
been out in the tent. Although the middle of the 
day is so hot it is a punishment to be outside, they 
have been out in the heat, because they felt they 
must not let the village of Agaswan pass by without 
the gospel message. 


Not in the twenty-two years of Vyara's history 
has she had so many American visitors as came 
during the last two months. Rev. and Mrs. D. O. 
Cottrell, Brethren Bonsack and Yoder, Dr. and Mrs. 
Coffman and Mary, Rev. and Mrs. Smucker and 
family of the Mennonite Mission, and Brother and 
Sister Shull and family, just before sailing on fur- 
lough, came to make us a short visit. We have 
appreciated their interest and are very thankful for 
the inspiration they gave us. . 

The new school year has just begun and new 
children are coming into our two schools. Eleven 
new girls have come. More boys have come to the 
Boys' School than can be kept, and so they are 
being turned away. This is a hard task for the 
missionary to do. 

On April 11 Vyara will hold her next love feast. 

There will be baptism on that day also. Since our 

last station love feast, fifty-nine applicants have 
been baptized. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 


Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger, Amsey and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Early, H. C, and Emma, 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Fahnestock, Rev. and Mrs. 
S. G., 1059 Michigan Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Garber, Glenn, Essex, Mo., 

Haney, R. A. and Irva, 
Merrill, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J. and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
Worth, Texas 

Scrogum, Arthur and Marie, 
Accident, Md., 1926 

Showalter, R. K. and Flor- 
ence, Rose Pine, La.. 1926 

White, Ralph and Matie, 
1206 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 


Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 
Baker, Elizabeth, 1922 
Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 

Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 

Lulu, 1919 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Hollenberg, John, 1926, and 

Ada D., 1922 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Seese, Norman A., and 

Anna, 1917 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Flory, Raymond, and Lizzie, 

Horning, Emma, 1908 
Oberholtzer, I. E., and Eliz., 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Shou Yaftg, Shansi, Chwia 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Neher, Minneva J., 1924 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 
Shansi, China 
Ikenberry, E. L., and Olivia, 


Peking, China, Yen Ching, 
School of Chinese Studies, 5 
Tung Ssu, Tao Tiao 

Ulery, Ruth F., 1926 
On Furlough 

Bright, J. Homer and Min- 
nie, 1208 No. Wayne St., 
North Manchester, Ind., 

Clapper, V. Grace, Johns- 
town. Pa., R. 5. 1917 

Cline, Mary E., 900 Frank- 
lin, Roaring Spring, Pa., 

Crumpacker, F. H., and 
Anna, Elgin, 111., 1908 

Horning, Dr. D. L., and 
Martha, 1136 Mich. Ave., 
Topeka, Kans.. 1919 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 
Md., 1911 

Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 
Bridgewater, Va., 1919 

Smith, W. Harlan and 
Frances, Grundy Center, 
la., 1920 

Sollenberger, O. C, and 
Hazel, c|o J. W. Coppock, 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 

Vaniman, Ernest D., and 
Susie, La Verne, Calif., 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 
Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 


Garkidda, Nigeria, West Afri- 
ca, via Jos and Numan 

Beahm, Win. M., and Esther, 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel, Dr. J. Paul, and 

Verda, 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Heckman, Clarence C, and 

Lucile, 1924 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 

Lola, 1923 
*Kulp, H. Stover, 1922, and 

Christina, 1927 
JMallott, Floyd, 1924 
•At Dille. J At Gardemna. 
Shisler, Sara, 1926 
On Furlough 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 

Marguerite, 509 So. Honore 

St., Chicago, 111., 1923 
Mallott, Ruth B., 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 1924 


Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Erne, 1903 

Moomaw, I. W., and Mabel, 

Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 

Mary, 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 

Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae. 1922 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Mow. Baxter M., and Anna, 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, John I., 1911 and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L., and Hat- 
tie, 1917 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Lichty, D. J., 1902, and Anna, 

\\ iddowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 

Blough, J. M., and Anna, 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., Cer- 

ro Gordo, 111., 1919 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., Hart- 

ville, O., 1919 
Butterbaugh, A. G., and 

Bertha, 3435 Van Buren 

St., Chicago, 111., 1919 
Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 

North Manchester, Ind., 

Forney, D. L., and Anna, La 

Verne, Calif., 1897 
Hollenberg, Fred M., and 

Nora, Sebring, Fla., 1919 
Kintner, Elizabeth, Ney, 

Ohio, 1919 
Miller, Arthur S. B. and 

Jennie, 3435 Van Buren 

St., Chicago, 111., 1919 
MUler, Sadie J., R. F. D., 

Waterloo, la., 1903 
Shull, Chalmer and Mary, 

3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 
Summer, B. F. and Nettie, 

Mooreland, Ind., 1919 
Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 

North Manchester, Ind., 


Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



What is meant by " gilt-edged " — the fine engraving and coloring 
of stock certificates and bonds? 

Two reputedly rich men recently died in New York. Estimates 
at the time of the funeral of Mr. R. were an estate worth $40,000,- 
000. Later after appraisers threw out as valueless numerous stocks 
and bonds there was left $5,000,000 of good securities. In the case 
of the other man who died, Mr. S., the State Tax Commission de- 
scribed stocks and bonds left to the widow as " one of the largest 
and most gorgeous collections of valueless securities ever seen." On 
paper they had a face value of $5,114,058. In the wind-up this man 
left his widow assets of $390,629 and debts of $608,514. 

Our Mission Annuity bonds, issued since 1897, demand some 
reason to be considered " gilt-edged." They are just printed, not 
engraved. But they are authority for faithful payment of tens of 
thousands of dollars annually in annuity to those who hold them. 
We are sure few of our annuity friends are among the many who 
hold hundreds of thousands of dollars face value of gorgeously 
engraved but worthless securities of oil, mining, packing house, etc., 
promotion schemes. 

You are under no obligation after we tell 
you about our Annuity Plan. Address a 
postal card to us and simply ask for " Book- 
let V-267." We will understand. 

general Mission Board 



Elgirv. Jllirvois 



Church of the 'Brethren 

Vol. XXIX 

July, 1927 

No. 7 


The Giving of the Churches 

Council of ^Promotion 

A Report in Dialog Form of the Ahwa Mission Station in India 

Mary 5. Shall 

The Curses of Opium vs. the Blessings of Christ - Nettie M. Senger 

Africa Medical Statistics 

Wm. {Beahm 

A Monument to the Children of the Church - Chas. D. Bonsack 







OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1927. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 


OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 

Note. — The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
other date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
the Board since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 


The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more to the General 
Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the four dollars 
or more are given by one individual , and in no way combined with another's gift. Different 
members of the same family may each give four dollars or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in read- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the Com- 
mittee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be sent 
to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postofnce of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Friends of Many Firesides 

A New Illustrated Lecture for Children 

The purpose of this lecture is to build good will in the hearts ot our children 
for all children of the world. It will aid in establishing strong missionary founda- 
tions. It is intended to encourage the Junior League work. 

The set contains 54 slides. The lecture begins with a worship program in- 
cluding Scripture reading, prayer and the song, " I Think When I Read that Sweet 
Story of Old." All of these items are well illustrated. Then the children go on a 
journey around the world and learn the fine traits of other children. Upon returning 
from their journey they are introduced to the work of the Junior League in various 
parts of our brotherhood. A written lecture accompanies the set. 

The rental is $2, and return transportation. If a missionary offering is taken 
and return transportation is paid there is no rental fee. Order as far in advance as 

Elgin, 111. 


Published Monthly by the Chu, ch r,i the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIX 

JULY, 1927 

Xo. 7 



The Faith of Chinese Christians, By Stanley High, 225 

What Happened at Ahwa, By Mary S. Shull, 227 

India Notes, By Anna Mow, 229 

The Curses of Opium vs. the Blessings of Christ, By Nettie Mabelle 

Senger, 230 

Facing the Task (Poem), By Frank F. Morris, 235 

India Is Pleading (Poem), By Leah Ruth Ebey, 235 

Bulsar Notes for April, By Jennie Mohler, 247 


Missionary Teaching Program, 232 

The Cost of Serving Christ, 233 

World Sunday- School Convention, 234 

Book Reviews, 234 


A Monument to the Children of the Church, By Chas. D. Bon sack, 236 

Are the Children Roller-Coasting ? 237 

Nuts to Crack, 238 


Record of Giving of the Church of the Brethren, 239 

General Statistics of Giving, 248 

Regular Monthly Report, 251 

The Faith of Chinese Christians 


WHEN the final record is written no 
modern period of Christian history 
will be more inspiring than this 
present period in China. The loyalty of the 
Chinese Christians to the faith they have 
owned — their loyalty during these times of 
the Nationalist movement — takes one back 
to first century Christianity for a parallel. 
I can set down only a few incidents in that 
story : 

In West China, according to Mr. Lewis 

Havermale, " the preachers have organized 
themselves into a ' Flying Spuadron ' where- 
by they can report immediately at any point 
where the pastor is becoming overwhelmed 
by anti-Christian propaganda — by means of 
interviews, public meetings, and tracts or 
posters, encouraging Christians and effecting 
reconcilations. They have taxed themselves 
to provide for the budget. They have, by 
written contract, bound themselves to pro- 
vide funeral expenses for any who may be 


The Missionary Visitor 


slain by fanatics, and to provide for their 
widows and orphans." 

At a recent meeting in Chungking, when 
salary cuts were imminent, many said, " If 
we were in the employ of some other in- 
stitution, the postoffice for example, we 
would now call a strike. We have talked 
the matter over. We have decided not to 
strike. The job of preaching the Gospel is 
not that of the missionaries but of us Chi- 
nese Christians. We will therefore return 
to our tasks even though we scarcely have 
enough on which to live. We will do our 
utmost, God helping us." 

"I Am a Christian" 

In Hankow I spent a long evening with 
Bishop Logan H. Roots, of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. He told many incidents 
of the devotion of the Christians. Here are 
two : 

A pastor in a city near Hankow was 
taken by the Reds, bound, beaten and car- 
ried in disgrace through the streets of the 
city. He was placed upon a platform before 
a jeering crowd. 

" If you will renounce this Jesus," said the 
tormentors, " we will let you go." 

"I am a Christian," said the pastor. "You 
may kill me, but until death I cannot cease 
to preach. And if I am killed my spirit will 
remain in this place as a witness to my 

In the face of such courage and such a 
testimony he was released. 

Two other pastors of Bishop Roots' dio- 
cese were imprisoned, after having been 
badly beaten. Release, they were told, 
would come when they renounced their 
faith. It happened that the day on which 
they were imprisoned was, in the Episcopal 
Church calendar, sacred to the memory of 
St. Stephen. So the two Chinese pastors 
stood up in the midst of their fellow-pris- 
oners, and preached the story of Stephen. 

"We need men like Stephen in China," 
said the prisoners, and together the whole 
company knelt and prayed that God would 
send more Stephens to the aid of China. 

" This is a day of spiritual rebirth in 
China," said Bishop Roots. 

" Devotion of Nanking Christians " 

Most striking of all these examples of 
Christian devotion come from Nanking. 

During the entire day of terrors, when 
escape for the missionaries seemed unlikely, 
little groups of Chinese boys and girls and 
preachers and laymen — between frantic ef- 
forts to save their foreign friends — slipped 
into hiding places and held impromptu 
prayer meetings for the safety of the mis- 

" It was a day of tragedy," one missionary 
told me, " but also a day of prayer." 

With little question few of the mission- 
aries could have escaped but for the sac- 
rifices of the Chinese Christians — who have 
been forced to remain to pay the price for 
their devotion. When the soldiers came to 
kill Miss Lulu Golisch, the girls of her 
school made a circle, three deep about her, 
knelt down in prayer and then told the 
soldiers : " If you kill her you must first 
kill us." The dean of this school, all day, 
remained at his post suffering the abuse of 
the soldiers. He refused to leave even when 
his own home (he is a Chinese) was looted 
and h : s wife and children driven away. 

" Until this tragedy," said Miss Golisch, 
" we never knew how deeply Christianity 
had taken hold upon the lives of our Chris- 
tian believers." 

"College Girls at Prayer" 

One of the pastors at Nanking took his 
accumulated savings in order to buy soap, 
towels, toothbrushes, etc., for the mission- 
aries in hiding near his home. When they 
left he gave to each a bar of chocolate, 
" in case you are delayed." The Ginling 
college girls were dispersed, but organized 
little groups and spent the day, in the backs 
of shops or hidden in the cemeteries, in 
continual prayer. When Dr. Price, an aged 
missionary, was told he must pay several 
hundred or forfeit his life, it was a group 
of Chinese Christians who banded together 
and raised the sum, an almost impossible 
one for Chinese. 

Dr. H. F. Rowe, head of the Theological 
School, was beaten and dragged through 
the streets of the city. When I saw him 
he was still wearing Chinese clothes, pro- 
vided by his Christian rescuers. Said he : 

" It was worth the price of admission. 
Now we know, as never before, the reality 
of the faith which our Chinese Christians 
have professed." 



The Missionary Visitor 


What Happened at Ahwa 

A Report in Dialogue Form of the Ahwa Mission Station in India 


OX the evening of Dec. 29, 1925, the ninety-one sat for examination and there 
" fatted " goat was killed for the were sixty-five passes. This year the 
Ahwa boarding, because most of the average enrollment was ninety-two and the 
boys who had gone out from the school average attendance seventy-eight, 
within the last two years had come home Besides our chapel exercises each master 

to spend Christmas and to attend the Dis- has had a daily class in religious instruction, 
trict Meeting. At the close of this home- and during the rains Brother and Sister 
coming banquet speeches were made. We Shull each taught a class. Bro. Shull also 
will hear the report of the Ahwa station for conducted a weekly teachers' meeting and 
1926 from them. gave us many helpful suggestions for our 

Chairman (head master of the school): work. 

Two of our masters are conducting night 
schools. The total enrollment was thirty- 
six and average attendance twenty-two. 

The aid from government for this year 
for the day and night schools was rupees 

(Chairman Ravji was too modest to say 
that he served as secretary for the Sunday- 
school this year and his wife as a teacher 
in the primary department.) 

I see Kasu wants to speak now. He will 
tell about the royal family. 

Kasu: Ravji forgot to tell about the vil- 
lage children who came into Ahwa school 
this year. From my village, Linga, my 
cousin, the king's son and three other boys 
have come. The king is now building a 
house here in Ahwa for his son. A boy 
from another village near Linga also is here. 

Ravji: Within the past two years twelve 
masters here, will tell us what we want 
to know about the Ahwa school. 

Ravji: Within the past two years twelve 
large boys have gone out from the school. 
Of this number two are teaching in the 
village schools and one in Ahwa (laughter); 
two have gone to Palghar to school: one 
is working for a government official and 
getting a much higher wage than if he 
were illiterate ; and two are taking the 
second-year course in the Government Tech- 
nical School. Also from the school have 
gone five large girls, most of whom have 
been married — to some of us. Four smaller 
girls have gone to Dahanu to school. But 
others have come to take the place of those 
who have gone. There are now eleven 
children in school from non-Christian homes 
in Ahwa. At the inspection February, 1926, 

Four Generations of Christians at Ahwa 


The Missionary Visitor 



Chairman: Kala will tell us about his 

Kala: Kasu is boasting about his king's 
son coming to school, but the king him- 
self, from my village of Vasurna, is here. 
There are eleven of us from, there. 

Chairman: Anand will give us a report of 
the Technical School. He is assistant teach- 
er now and spends part time in the third 
year course. 

Anand: The examination of the Technical 
School students was conducted by the 
assistant political agent at Durbar in April. 
I passed the second-year course and four 
passed the first-year course. This year we 
have seven schoolboys spending part time 
and three full time. The school is now con- 
sidered to be beyond the experimental stage, 
and the latest development is a 500 rupee 
grant from the government for a black- 
smith shop and an equal appropriation for 
equipment. Heretofore it has been neces^ 
sary to go twenty or thirty miles for cart 
repairs. When some of you learn iron 
working this will be avoided. 

Some building work was done here this 
year. An inn was built and a house for 
the head master. 

Chairman: Pandu was just married on 
Sunday, but I think he will be able to give 
us a report of the village schools, since he 
is one of the teachers. 

Pandu: During the present year two vil- 
lage schools have been closed because of 
small attendance. However, one new one 
was opened. The number of schools now 
running is six, with eight masters and one 
lady teacher. The total enrollment was 112 
and average daily attendance eighty-two. 
There are three night schools, with a total 
enrollment of forty-nine and average attend- 
ance of forty-one. Government grant for 
village schools was rupees 322. One of the 
leading masters has been made supervisor 
of the village schools. I think Kasheram 
should tell a little more about the school 
at Mahalunga. 

Kasheram: We have four standards, with 
thirty-two day pupils and twenty-four at- 
tending night school. I went there in June, 
but was not there long until Vinayak Mas- 
ter left for medical treatment at Dahanu. 
He never recovered, so Bro. Shull released 
a master from the boarding-school to come 
out. The people are a thrifty class and 

eager to send their children. I feel this is 
an open field. 

Chairman: Soma was with Bro. Garner 
in the district during the touring season, 
and will tell us about the evangelistic work. 
Soma: During January and February we 
spent twenty-six days in the district and 
camped at five different villages. From these 
as centers we reached smaller villages. We 
also visited one village where we have some 
Christians working in a sawmill, and an- 
other where some Ahwa Christians are haul- 
ing logs from the jungle. The phonograph 
helped to gather the people, and then we 
showed pictures and told Bible stories. We 
had three sets of lantern slides, Life of 
Christ, The Prodigal Son, and Hampton 
Institute. Bro. Garner camped ten days this 
month [December], making a total of thirty- 
six days in camp during the three months 
of the touring season. Trips of inspection 
were made to the village schools at other 
times, also. 

In February we had a special evangelistic 
campaign of ten days. Teachers, pupils, 
and other workers were divided into three 
groups and sent in different directions. At 
the close we had a meeting to give reports. 
A good reception was accorded everywhere, 
and there were a couple of requests for 
village schools. But we had no teachers to 

One day, while out in the villages, word 
came from another side of the Dangs that 
one of the master's wives was very ill. 
Bro. Garner took the auto and brought the 
woman to Ahwa by noon. Two days would 
have been required to make this trip by 

Chairman: Devazu will tell us some more 
about the medical work. 

Devazu: A general epidemic of influenza 
raged during the month of March, and the 
work fell heavily on the missionaries, 
especially since there was only one family 
here then. Toward the last the government 
took up the matter in earnest, and for a 
few days took medicine from house to house 
in Ahwa and gave to the patels of the 
various villages for distribution. In April 
there was a change in the staff of govern- 
ment doctors, and we are grateful for the 
interest the two present doctors take in 
their work and in the people. When the 
government doctors have a spirit of service, 


The Missionary Visitor 


and the people have confidence in them, it 
relieves the missionary. During the year 
there were five deaths in the Christian com- 
munity, all of them mothers. But excepting 
the weeks of influenza the general health 
of the community was good throughout the 
year. There has been a marked decrease in 
skin diseases. 

Chairman: Since I was church clerk I will 
state a few facts about our church. There 
are now 166 on the church roll. The total 
contribution for the year was 238 rupees, 
nine annas and three p'es. 

One of the important events of the year 
was a trip to the District Meeting at Palghar 
in January. Following this, by the kindness 
of the assistant political agent, it was pos- 
sible for fifteen of our larger children to 
see Bombay. In February following the 
evangelistic campaign we baptized three 
village people and eleven from Ahwa. We 
then held our love feast, when 150 com- 

During monsoon we had a cradle roll day, 
when nineteen names were added. The 
mothers appreciated the thanksgiving and 
prayer service for the little babes who had 
come to their homes. At the Divali season 
we had a good thanksgiving service. School 
was closed and a general holiday was de- 
clared. The crops this year were good, and 
a happy people gave thanks to God in a 
fitting way. One man brought a calf, 
another a kid. and several offered chickens ; 
others brought grain, vegetables and money, 
so that the total offering was more than 
sixty rupees. 

We have just now enjoyed a very happy 
Christmas, and at the close of the year give 
thanks again to our Heavenly Father for 
his care and blessings. We are especially 
happy to see you boys from the Dangs be- 
ginning to have a share in the work. Per- 
haps others who have been listening to 
these reports will give some next year ; we 
are eager for the time when all of the work 
of the Dangs will be carried on by her 
own sons. And now let us repeat three 
times our slogan, " Victory to Christ in 

" There are commonly three stages in 
work for God," Hudson Taylor would 
sometimes say: "first impossible, then diffi- 
cult, then done." 


Anna Mow 

In a few days a large part of our mission family, 
together with the deputation, will leave us to come 
to you. We scarcely know what the deputation, 
Brethren Bonsack and Yoder, will tell you about us, 
but we have only nice things to say about them. 
They visited us on Jan. 27 and Feb. 28. On the 
first date they observed the Girls' School in session. 
On the latter the village school-teachers of our dis- 
trict came in, along with a number of other Chris- 
tians, and some thirty candidates for baptism. We 
had just baptized fourteen others near their village 
homes. The forenoon was occupied with council 
meeting, presided over by Nathalal Mida, one of 
our new Indian elders, who has a talent for organi- 
zation and dispatch. One of the most interesting 
parts of the meeting was the assembling of the an- 
nual offering, about two- thirds of which goes by way 
of District Meeting toward the support of the in- 
digenous mission point at Rudha. The amount of 
the offering averaged near a dollar per member, and 
given joyfully too, despite the general poverty. 
Unknown to Miss Eliza, the headmaster had taken 
up among the boarding-girls an extra offering, which 
amounted to over thirteen rupees. 

At two o'clock Brethren Bonsack and Yoder gave 
us some of the good things out of their hearts. And 
their messages seemed not a bit " warmed over " 
by Miss Eliza's interpreting into Gujarati. The 
applicants were duly instructed. One of these was 
an old woman, the first to become Christian among 
the fisher folk of Bhat. Her son accepted Christ 
about three years ago and bore faithful witness, and 
is now a teacher in the mission school there. A 
mysterious vision helped the father to decide; then 
two brothers came, and lastly the mother— so the 
family is very happy. Thus the kingdom grows. 
The elder administered the baptisms expeditiously 
in a tank by the well. 

Later on we assembled again for the communion 
service. About 120 communed, with great quiet, 
and blessing to every one. Sister Lulu Coffman, 
en route to China, and Nurse Mohler also were with 
us. Thence they and the deputation returned to 
Bulsar. »j 

Feb. 24 was a big day for the Jains of Jalalpor, 
for they burned the corpse of Yijaya Kamal Suriya, 
the mahant or pope of their religion. From child- 
hood he had been a sadhu or ascetic, living a simple 
life with a vengeance. He never rode in trains or 
even oxcarts, but walked hither and thither, giving 
instruction. And he happened to be here when 
death overtook him. So this becomes a holy place. 
A shrine will be built over his ashes, and people 
come to worship. The spot selected for the crema- 
tion is only a few steps distant from our compound. 
Hundreds of Jains came in on trains. And hundreds 
of rupees were spent in ceremonies, in grain dis- 
tribution to beggars, and coins scattered. Some time 
afterward we saw people still hunting about in the 
dust, for coin. 

(Continued on Page 231) 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Curses of Opium vs. the Blessings of Christ 


YOU often get in writings a word picture 
of the schoolgirl and her daily l'fe in 
the mission boarding-school. I want to 
open another door and give you a look at the 
circumstances of one dear Liao Chou school- 
girl, as she was in her home before she came 
to the mission school. Her parents were rich 
people, with both lands and houses. She 
was the second of three girls. Her mother, 
as she worked about the home, was a cheer- 
ful, contented mother, happy in her chil- 
dren.- It was to such a home I went when I 
first met the little girl. I was invited to a 
meal, and this little girl hurried about help- 
ing her mother do the things that a child 
of her age could do. 

After a long absence I again went to their 
city and made a number of short visits, and 
again ate with them. We had pleasant chats 
many days. One day I noticed that her love- 
ly cupboards and chests, such as the Chinese 
prize very highly, were gone. I remarked 
about it with surprise, and asked where she 
had removed them. As soon as I mentioned 
the missing cupboards and chests her ex- 
pression became very sad and a tear dropped 
from her eye. I said no more, for I knew 
the whole story. I read it in the dropping 
tear and I wanted to weep with her. The 
sad tale may be told in the one awful word, 
" opium." Her husband had followed the 
example of most of the men in that district 
and spent his money for opium. 

After another absence of more than a 
year I again visited their city. It was the 
famine year, and I had come to give grain 
to the needy. As I stayed in the girls' school- 
court I naturally saw this little girl who, 
with her elder sister, had attended school 
for several years. I asked her one day about 
her mother, and with a sad little face she 
said her mother was dead. On questioning 
friends I learned that the little girl's father 
had spent more and more money for opium 
until houses and lands had all gone. Next, 
grain and household furnishings had one by 
one all gone. During this time a little broth- 
er had come into the home. With the care 
of a fourth child, and little food, the mother 
lessened in strength as the days came and 
went. It was thus that the fam'ne found this 

home. By spring the mother left her baby 
boy and three girls to the care of an opium 
fiend. She had starved to death. The eldest 
girl, a child of thirteen, was sold for a bride 
into an opium-eating home, and was soon 
married. The second girl was sold to a Chris- 
tian man to become the wife of his little 
boy when both were grown up. The third, 
a tiny child of six birt